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Changlong Li, Hezhen Wu, Yanfang Yang, Jianwen Liu, Zhenwen Chen
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle to cancer chemotherapy efficacy. In the present study, 6-O-angeloylplenolin repressed the overexpression of ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 ( MDR1 ) and increasing the intracellular concentration of anticancer drugs. A reduction in P-glycoprotein expression (encoded by MDR1 ) was observed in parallel with a decline in mRNA expression in vincristine-resistant HCT (HCT-8/VCR) cells treated with 6-O-angeloylplenolin. In addition, 6-O-angeloylplenolin suppressed the activity of the MDR1 gene promoter...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Eva Lichtenegger, Florestan Koll, Helena Haas, Klaus Mantwill, Klaus-Peter Janssen, Melanie Laschinger, Jürgen Gschwend, Katja Steiger, Peter Black, Igor Moskalev, Roman Nawroth, Per Sonne Holm
Muscle-invasive bladder cancer represents approximately 25% of patients diagnosed with bladder cancer and carries a significant risk of death. Oncolytic viruses (OV) are novel antitumor agents with the ability to selectively replicate and lyse tumor cells while sparing healthy tissue. Thus, we explored the efficiency of the oncolytic, YB-1 selective adenovirus XVir-N-31 in vitro and in an orthotopic mouse model for bladder cancer by intramural injection under ultrasound guidance. We demonstrated that XVir-N-31 replicates in bladder cancer cells and induced a stronger immunogenic cell death than adenovirus wildtype by facilitating enhanced release of HMGB1 and exosomal Hsp70...
June 19, 2018: Human Gene Therapy
Zhuojia Lin, Yanan Lu, Qiuyu Meng, Chen Wang, Xiaonan Li, Yuxin Yang, Xiaoru Xin, Qidi Zheng, Jie Xu, Xin Gui, Tianming Li, Hu Pu, Wujun Xiong, Jiao Li, Song Jia, Dongdong Lu
MicroRNAs are known to be involved in carcinogenesis. Recently, microRNA-372 (miR372) has been proven to play a substantial role in several human cancers, but its functions in liver cancer remain unclear. Herein, our results demonstrate that miR372 accelerates growth of liver cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, miR372 enhances expression of Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) by targeting for phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) directly and consequently promotes phosphorylation of YB-1 via HULC looping dependent on ERK1/2 and PTEN...
June 1, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Elizaveta E Alemasova, Konstantin N Naumenko, Tatyana A Kurgina, Rashid O Anarbaev, Olga I Lavrik
Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a multifunctional cellular factor overexpressed in tumors resistant to chemotherapy. An intrinsically disordered structure together with a high positive charge peculiar to YB-1 allows this protein to function in almost all cellular events related to nucleic acids including RNA, DNA and poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR). In the present study we show that YB-1 acts as a potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) cofactor that can reduce the efficiency of PARP1 inhibitors. Similarly to that of histones or polyamines, stimulatory effect of YB-1 on the activity of PARP1 was significantly higher than the activator potential of Mg2+ and was independent of the presence of EDTA...
May 4, 2018: Oncotarget
Toshitaka Fujihara, Yoshifumi Mizobuchi, Kohei Nakajima, Teruyoshi Kageji, Kazuhito Matsuzaki, Keiko T Kitazato, Ryotaro Otsuka, Keijiro Hara, Hideo Mure, Toshiyuki Okazaki, Kazuyuki Kuwayama, Shinji Nagahiro, Yasushi Takagi
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant of brain tumors. Acquired drug resistance is a major obstacle for successful treatment. Earlier studies reported that expression of the multiple drug resistance gene (MDR1) is regulated by YB-1 or NFκB via the JNK/c-Jun or Akt pathway. Over-expression of the Dickkopf (DKK) family member DKK3 by an adenovirus vector carrying DKK3 (Ad-DKK3) exerted anti-tumor effects and led to the activation of the JNK/c-Jun pathway. We investigated whether Ad-DKK3 augments the anti-tumor effect of temozolomide (TMZ) via the regulation of MDR1...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Jacob C Lutter, Svetlana V Eliseeva, Jeff W Kampf, Stéphane Petoud, Vincent Louis Pecoraro
A new family of [3.3.1] metallacryptates with the general composition [LnGa6(H2shi)(Hshi)(shi)7(C5H5N)] (Ln-1; shi3- = salicylhydroximate; Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm - Yb) has been synthesized and characterized. Ln-1 display both interesting magnetic and luminescent properties. Sm-1 has sharp emission bands in the visible and the near-infrared (NIR) regions with quantum yield values ("Q" _"Sm" ^"L" ) of 1.64(9) and 5.5(2).10-2 %, respectively. Tb-1 exhibits a weak green emission ("Q" _"Tb" ^"L" = 1...
May 16, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Corinna Kosnopfel, Tobias Sinnberg, Birgit Sauer, Christian Busch, Heike Niessner, Anja Schmitt, Stephan Forchhammer, Cornelia Grimmel, Peter R Mertens, Stephan Hailfinger, Sandra E Dunn, Claus Garbe, Birgit Schittek
Cutaneous melanoma represents one of the most aggressive human tumor entities possessing a high tendency to metastasize. Cancer cells frequently exploit a highly conserved developmental program, the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), to gain migratory and invasive properties promoting their metastatic spread. Cytoplasmic localization of the oncogenic transcription and translation factor Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a powerful inducer of EMT in breast carcinoma cells. Interestingly, EMT-like processes have also been observed in cutaneous melanoma despite its neural crest origin...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Xin Jin, Jun Qian, Da-Jun Yu, Chen-Xu Guo, Nan Li, Qing Zhu, Yan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of FOXC-2,YB-1 and related proteins and their influences on development,invasion and metastases in gastric carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 193 tissue samples were collected,including 50 cases of normal gastric mucosa, 50 cases of gastric mucosal intraepithelial neoplasia and 93 cases of primary gastric carcinoma. The 93 cases of primary gastric carcinoma included 74 cases of positive lymph node metastasis tissues, 19 cases of nonmetastasis tissues and 33 cases of distant metastasis tissues...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Raphael Hohlfeld, Sabine Brandt, Anja Bernhardt, Xenia Gorny, Daniel Schindele, Burkhard Jandrig, Martin Schostak, Berend Isermann, Jonathan A Lindquist, Peter R Mertens
Cold shock proteins are up-regulated by cellular stress and orchestrate inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, and differentiation. Enhanced cold shock protein expression promotes malignant cell transformation; up-regulation is detected in most cancers and associated with poor prognosis. Akt1, a serine/threonine kinase, is a potent oncogene, which activates pro-proliferative and anti-apoptotic signaling pathways, and phosphorylates the cold shock domain. Unexpectedly, chicken-YB-1 abrogates PI3K-Akt-dependent oncogenic cell transformation in embryonic fibroblasts...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
Ken Matsumoto, Shingo Kose, Iku Kuwahara, Mami Yoshimura, Naoko Imamoto, Minoru Yoshida
The Y-box proteins are multifunctional nucleic acid-binding proteins involved in various aspects of gene regulation. The founding member of the Y-box protein family, YB-1, functions as a transcription factor as well as a principal component of messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) in somatic cells. The nuclear level of YB-1 is well correlated with poor prognosis in many human cancers. Previously, we showed that a Y-box protein-associated acidic protein, YBAP1, which is identical to complement component 1, q subcomponent-binding protein (C1QBP, also called gC1qR, hyaluronan-binding protein 1 [HABP1] or ASF/SF2-associated protein p32), relieves translational repression by YB-1...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dacia Dimartino, Alessio Colantoni, Monica Ballarino, Julie Martone, Davide Mariani, Johannes Danner, Astrid Bruckmann, Gunter Meister, Mariangela Morlando, Irene Bozzoni
Cytoplasmic long non-coding RNAs have been shown to act at many different levels to control post-transcriptional gene expression, although their role in translational control is poorly understood. Here, we show that lnc-31, a non-coding RNA required for myoblast proliferation, promotes ROCK1 protein synthesis by stabilizing its translational activator, YB-1. We find that lnc-31 binds to the Rock1 mRNA as well as to the YB-1 protein and that translational activation requires physical interaction between the two RNA species...
April 17, 2018: Cell Reports
Ben Ke, Chuqiao Fan, Weiping Tu, Xiangdong Fang
Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a multifunctional protein involved in various cellular processes via the transcriptional and translational regulation of target gene expression. YB-1 promotes acute or chronic kidney injury through multiple molecular pathways; however, accumulating evidence suggests that significantly increased YB-1 levels are of great importance in renoprotection. In addition, YB-1 may contribute to obesity-related kidney disease by promoting adipogenesis. Thus, the role of YB-1 in kidney injury is complicated, and no comprehensive review is currently available...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Po-Chen Chu, Peng-Chan Lin, Hsing-Yu Wu, Kuen-Tyng Lin, Christina Wu, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Yih-Jyh Lin, Chung-Ta Lee, Jeng-Chang Lee, Ching-Shih Chen
Although the role of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) in promoting colorectal liver metastasis is known, the mechanism by which IGF-IR is upregulated in colorectal cancer (CRC) is not defined. In this study, we obtained evidence that mutant KRAS transcriptionally activates IGF-IR gene expression through Y-box-binding protein (YB)-1 upregulation via a novel MEK-Sp1-DNMT1-miR-137 pathway in CRC cells. The mechanistic link between the tumor suppressive miR-137 and the translational regulation of YB-1 is intriguing because epigenetic silencing of miR-137 represents an early event in colorectal carcinogenesis due to promoter hypermethylation...
March 21, 2018: Oncogene
Henry H Nguyen, Abdel Aziz Shaheen, Natalia Baeza, Ellina Lytvyak, Stefan J Urbanski, Andrew L Mason, Gary L Norman, Marvin J Fritzler, Mark G Swain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Up to 20% of Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) patients are estimated to have features that overlap with Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH). Patients with PBC-AIH overlap syndrome (PBC-AIH OS) have been reported to exhibit suboptimal responses to ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, and are more likely to progress to cirrhosis. Anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and anti-p53 have been previously suggested to be potential autoantibodies for identifying patients with PBC-AIH OS...
2018: PloS One
Iglika G Ivanova, Catherine V Park, Adrian I Yemm, Niall S Kenneth
HIF1α (hypoxia inducible factor 1α) is the central regulator of the cellular response to low oxygen and its activity is deregulated in multiple human pathologies. Consequently, given the importance of HIF signaling in disease, there is considerable interest in developing strategies to modulate HIF1α activity and down-stream signaling events. In the present study we find that under hypoxic conditions, activation of the PERK branch of the unfolded protein response (UPR) can suppress the levels and activity of HIF1α by preventing efficient HIF1α translation...
May 4, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Xudong Zhao, Wei Zhang, Wenyue Ji
AIM: In this study, we investigated the role of Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1), c-Myb and miR-155 in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) progression. MATERIALS & METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, MTT and Transwell were conducted to determine the expression and function of YB-1/miR-155 pathway. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the prognostic factors. RESULTS: Expression of YB-1, c-Myb and miR-155 was higher in LSCC tissues...
March 8, 2018: Future Oncology
E E Alemasova, K N Naumenko, N A Moor, O I Lavrik
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are among the most frequent DNA lesions. The first step in the AP site repair involves the magnesium-dependent enzyme AP endonuclease 1 (APE1) that catalyzes hydrolytic cleavage of the DNA phosphodiester bond at the 5' side of the AP site, thereby generating a single-strand DNA break flanked by the 3'-OH and 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) groups. Increased APE1 activity in cancer cells might correlate with tumor chemoresistance to DNA-damaging treatment. It has been previously shown that the multifunctional oncoprotein Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) interacts with APE1 and inhibits APE1-catalyzed hydrolysis of AP sites in single-stranded DNAs...
December 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Chad T Palumbo, Dominik P Halter, Vamsee K Voora, Guo P Chen, Alan K Chan, Megan E Fieser, Joseph W Ziller, Wolfgang Hieringer, Filipp Furche, Karsten Meyer, William J Evans
The synthesis of 4f n Ln3+ complexes of the tris(aryloxide) mesitylene ligand, ((Ad,Me ArO)3 mes)3- , with Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, and Yb, and their reduction with potassium have revealed that this ligand system can be redox active with some metals. Protonolysis of [Ln(N(SiMe3 )2 )3 ] (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Yb) with the tris(phenol) (Ad,Me ArOH)3 mes yielded the Ln3+ complexes [((Ad,Me ArO)3 mes)Ln] (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Yb), 1-Ln. Single electron reduction of each 4f n complex, 1-Ln, using potassium yielded the reduced products, [K(2...
March 5, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Yu-Mi Jung, Kyung-Lee Yu, Seong-Hyun Park, Seong-Deok Lee, Min-Jeong Kim, Ji-Chang You
Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a member of the cold-shock domain (CSD) protein superfamily. It participates in a wide variety of cellular events, including transcription, RNA splicing, translation, DNA repair, drug resistance, and stress responses. We investigated putative functions of YB-1 in HIV-1 replication. Functional studies using overexpression or knockdown of YB-1 in conjunction with transfection of proviral DNA showed that YB-1 enhances virus production. We found YB-1 regulates HIV-1 production by stimulating viral transcription using HIV-1 LTR sequence U3RU5 with Luciferase assay...
February 12, 2018: BMB Reports
Megumi Fuke, Makoto Narita, Yuko Wada, Tatsuichiro Seto, Kenji Okada, Jun Nakayama, Hiroto Izumi, Ken-Ichi Ito
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe complication of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying tissue repair after CLI is necessary for preventing PAD progression. Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) regulates the expression of many genes in response to environmental stresses. We aimed to determine whether YB-1 is involved in ischemic muscle regeneration. A mouse ischemic hind-limb model was generated; namely, the femoral, saphenous, and popliteal arteries in the left hind limb were ligated...
January 2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
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