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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933143/research-and-lobbying-conflicting-on-the-issue-of-a-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling-in-france
#1
Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg
Front-of-pack nutrition labelling has been highlighted as a promising strategy to help consumers making healthier food choices at the point of purchase. In France, a simplified front-of-pack nutrition labelling system was proposed in 2014, the 5-Colour Nutrition Label (5-CNL). It is supported by studies evaluating the various dimensions of the validation of both its underlying classification algorithm and its format. Opposed by agro-industry and retailers, multiples lobbying strategies have been deployed to stop or at least delay the implementation of the 5-CNL...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932628/potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-that-feature-the-images-and-personal-details-of-real-people
#2
Emily Brennan, Erin Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
INTRODUCTION: Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. METHODS: 924 adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: 1) non-testimonial text warning labels (TWL) (currently on packs in the United States); 2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); 3) image only testimonial PWL (created for this study); 4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study)...
December 8, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928908/striking-against-bioterrorism-with-advanced-proteomics-and-reference-methods
#3
Jean Armengaud
The intentional use by terrorists of biological toxins as weapons has been of great concern for many years. Amongst the numerous toxins produced by plants, animals, algae, fungi and bacteria, ricin is one of the most scrutinized by the media because it has already been used in biocrimes and acts of bioterrorism. Improving the analytical toolbox of national authorities to monitor these potential bioweapons all at once is of the utmost interest. Tandem mass spectrometry allows their absolute quantitation and exhibits advantageous sensitivity, discriminative power, multiplexing possibilities, and speed...
December 8, 2016: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928725/the-efficacy-of-the-ketogenic-diet-in-infants-and-young-children-with-refractory-epilepsies-using-a-formula-based-powder
#4
Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Gholam Reza Zamani, Mahmoud Mohammadi, Alireza Tavassoli, Reza Shervin Badv, Morteza Heidari, Parviz Karimi, Reza Azizi Malamiri
To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a classic 4:1 ketogenic diet using a formula-based powder in infants and children with refractory seizures who are reluctant to eat homemade foods. We conducted an open label trial and administered a ketogenic diet using formula-based power (Ketocal(®)). Twenty-seven infants and children aged between 12 months and 5 years were enrolled who had refractory seizures and were reluctant to eat homemade foods. Of 27 children, 5 were lost to follow-up and 22 were remained at the end of the study...
December 7, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928597/effects-of-bacillus-cereus-endospores-on-free-living-protist-growth
#5
Susana S Santos, Niels Bohse Hendriksen, Hans Henrik Jakobsen, Anne Winding
We studied the predator-prey interactions between heterotrophic protists and endospores of Bacillus cereus group bacteria, in order to gain insight on survival and dispersal of B. cereus endospores in the environment. It has been hypothesised that the spore stage protects against digestion by predating protists. Therefore, experiments were carried out to investigate the impact of B. cereus endospores and vegetative cells, as the only food source, on individual amoeboid, flagellated and ciliated protists. The presence of fluorescent-labelled intracellular bacteria confirmed that B...
December 7, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923189/sensitive-immunoassay-based-detection-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-using-capture-and-labeling-particles-in-a-stationary-liquid-phase-lab-on-a-chip
#6
Byunghee Park, Suk-Jung Choi
In the present study, a method was developed for detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus based on a stationary liquid phase lab-on-a-chip (SLP LOC). The present SLP LOC comprises a sample chamber, washing chamber, and detection chamber connected by two channels. The method utilizes two types of particles: capture particles (CPs), which are magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with antibody; and labeling particles (LPs), which are silica nanoparticles functionalized with horseradish peroxidase and antibody. Samples were added to the sample chamber with CPs and LPs, forming a CP-bacteria-LP complex, and the complex was transported to the detection chamber containing chromogenic substrate solution...
December 1, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920542/protective-effect-of-tartary-buckwheat-on-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetics-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ju Qiu, Zaigui Li, Yuchang Qin, Yanfen Yue, Yanping Liu
Tartary buckwheat (TB) has been reported to be associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and T2DM has had a major impact on the development of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Thus, the hypothesis that a daily intake of TB will improve DKD risk factors, including urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR), urea nitrogen (UN), serum creatinine, and uric acid was tested. In a parallel, randomized, open-label controlled trial, 104 T2DM patients were randomly assigned to a diet control group (systematic diet plans and intensive nutritional education) or a TB intervention group (daily replacement of a portion of staple foods with TB foods)...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919542/total-hdl-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-in-healthy-children-associations-with-adiposity-and-dietary-intakes-of-mother-and-child
#8
H Khalil, C Murrin, M O'Reilly, K Viljoen, R Segurado, J O'Brien, R Somerville, F McGillicuddy, C C Kelleher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol efflux capacity in adults may be a measure of the atheroprotective property of HDL. Little however, is known about HDL cholesterol efflux capacity in childhood. We aimed to investigate the relationship between HDL cholesterol efflux capacity and childhood anthropometrics in a longitudinal study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-five children (mean age = 9.4 ± 0.4 years) were followed from birth until the age of 9 years...
October 12, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919453/dietary-tartary-buckwheat-intake-attenuates-insulin-resistance-and-improves-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ju Qiu, Yanping Liu, Yanfen Yue, Yuchang Qin, Zaigui Li
Tartary buckwheat (TB) is rich in protein, dietary fiber, and flavonoids and has been reported to affect type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in animal experiments, but limited information on the benefit of TB as a whole food in T2DM patients is available. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that a daily replacement of a portion of the staple food with TB will improve risk factors of T2DM, including fasting glucose, insulin resistance, and lipid profile. In a parallel, randomized, open-label, controlled trial, 165 T2DM patients were randomly assigned to a control diet group (DC group; systematic diet plans and intensive nutritional education) or a TB intervention group (TB group; daily replacement of a portion of staple food with TB food)...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918426/do-health-claims-and-front-of-pack-labels-lead-to-a-positivity-bias-in-unhealthy-foods
#10
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Helen Dixon, Bruce Neal, Kylie Ball, Clare Hughes
Health claims and front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) may lead consumers to hold more positive attitudes and show a greater willingness to buy food products, regardless of their actual healthiness. A potential negative consequence of this positivity bias is the increased consumption of unhealthy foods. This study investigated whether a positivity bias would occur in unhealthy variations of four products (cookies, corn flakes, pizzas and yoghurts) that featured different health claim conditions (no claim, nutrient claim, general level health claim, and higher level health claim) and FoPL conditions (no FoPL, the Daily Intake Guide (DIG), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL), and the Health Star Rating (HSR))...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#11
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916394/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-international-society-for-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-health-isswsh-expert-consensus-panel-review
#12
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Noel N Kim, Anita H Clayton, Leonard R DeRogatis, Annamaria Giraldi, Sharon J Parish, James Pfaus, James A Simon, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Cindy Meston, Stephen M Stahl, Kim Wallen, Roisin Worsley
The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels...
November 30, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915497/current-and-future-development-of-extended-release-abuse-deterrent-opioid-formulations-in-the-united-states
#13
Lynn R Webster, John Markman, Edward J Cone, Gwendolyn Niebler
Prescription opioid misuse and abuse in the United States (US) is epidemic and is a major burden on healthcare resources and costs to society. The need to significantly reduce the risks of prescription opioid misuse and abuse must be balanced with the important needs of patients with chronic pain who may benefit from treatment with opioids. The use of abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs) of prescription opioids is one approach that could reduce the risk of prescription opioid abuse and misuse while maintaining access to opioids...
December 3, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#14
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913916/development-of-international-terminology-and-definitions-for-texture-modified-foods-and-thickened-fluids-used-in-dysphagia-management-the-iddsi-framework
#15
Julie A Y Cichero, Peter Lam, Catriona M Steele, Ben Hanson, Jianshe Chen, Roberto O Dantas, Janice Duivestein, Jun Kayashita, Caroline Lecko, Joseph Murray, Mershen Pillay, Luis Riquelme, Soenke Stanschus
Dysphagia is estimated to affect ~8% of the world's population (~590 million people). Texture-modified foods and thickened drinks are commonly used to reduce the risks of choking and aspiration. The International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative (IDDSI) was founded with the goal of developing globally standardized terminology and definitions for texture-modified foods and liquids applicable to individuals with dysphagia of all ages, in all care settings, and all cultures. A multi-professional volunteer committee developed a dysphagia diet framework through systematic review and stakeholder consultation...
December 2, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911294/deleterious-effect-of-butyrylcholinesterase-k-variant-in-donepezil-treatment-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Sophie Sokolow, Xiaohui Li, Lucia Chen, Kent D Taylor, Jerome I Rotter, Robert A Rissman, Paul S Aisen, Liana G Apostolova
BACKGROUND: Donepezil is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor frequently prescribed for the treatment of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) though not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for this indication. In Alzheimer's disease, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity increases with disease progression and may replace acetylcholinesterase function. The most frequent polymorphism of BChE is the K-variant, which is associated with lower acetylcholine-hydrolyzing activity. BChE-K polymorphism has been studied in Alzheimer's disease progression and donepezil therapy, and has led to contradictory results...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909986/toxicity-and-pharmacokinetic-profile-for-single-dose-injection-of-aby-029-a-fluorescent-anti-egfr-synthetic-affibody-molecule-for-human-use
#17
Kimberley S Samkoe, Jason R Gunn, Kayla Marra, Sally M Hull, Karen L Moodie, Joachim Feldwisch, Theresa V Strong, Daniel R Draney, P Jack Hoopes, David W Roberts, Keith Paulsen, Brian W Pogue
PURPOSE: ABY-029, a synthetic Affibody peptide, Z03115-Cys, labeled with a near-infrared fluorophore, IRDye® 800CW, targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been produced under good manufacturing practices for a US Food and Drug Administration-approved first-in-use human study during surgical resection of glioma, as well as other tumors. Here, the pharmacology, phototoxicity, receptor activity, and biodistribution studies of ABY-029 were completed in rats, prior to the intended human use...
December 1, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906532/medical-gas-containers-and-closures-current-good-manufacturing-practice-requirements-final-rule
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or the Agency) is amending its current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) and labeling regulations regarding medical gases. FDA is requiring that portable cryogenic medical gas containers not manufactured with permanent gas use outlet connections have gas-specific use outlet connections that cannot be readily removed or replaced except by the manufacturer. FDA is also requiring that portable cryogenic medical gas containers and high-pressure medical gas cylinders meet certain labeling, naming, and color requirements...
November 18, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904304/the-new-pregnancy-and-lactation-labeling-rule
#19
Sonia Pernia, George DeMaagd
To address the need for updated pregnancy risk categories, the Food and Drug Administration published a final rule in 2014. The authors review the changes the rule makes, its implementation schedule, and its potential clinical impact.
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901036/the-effects-of-policy-actions-to-improve-population-dietary-patterns-and-prevent-diet-related-non-communicable-diseases-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
L Hyseni, M Atkinson, H Bromley, L Orton, F Lloyd-Williams, R McGill, S Capewell
Poor diet generates a bigger non-communicable disease (NCD) burden than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined. We reviewed the potential effectiveness of policy actions to improve healthy food consumption and thus prevent NCDs. This scoping review focused on systematic and non-systematic reviews and categorised data using a seven-part framework: price, promotion, provision, composition, labelling, supply chain, trade/investment and multi-component interventions. We screened 1805 candidate publications and included 58 systematic and non-systematic reviews...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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