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Food labelling

Rachel B Acton, Lana Vanderlee, Christine White, David Hammond
OBJECTIVES: Several countries have proposed changes to calorie labelling on nutrition facts tables (NFTs) on pre-packaged foods. As most research to date has examined general use of NFTs, there is a lack of evidence to guide specific design changes to calorie information on labels. This study examined the efficacy of various calorie labelling formats on recall, comprehension, and consumer preferences for calorie information. METHODS: Experiments were conducted as part of an online survey with a national sample of 2,008 Canadians aged 16-24...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
F Creamer, A Balfour, S Nimmo, I Foo, J D Norrie, L J Williams, K C Fearon, H M Paterson
BACKGROUND: Combined oral modified-release oxycodone-naloxone may reduce opioid-induced postoperative gut dysfunction. This study examined the feasibility of a randomized trial of oxycodone-naloxone within the context of enhanced recovery for laparoscopic colorectal resection. METHODS: In a single-centre open-label phase II feasibility study, patients received analgesia based on either oxycodone-naloxone or oxycodone. Primary endpoints were recruitment, retention and protocol compliance...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Na Kyung Lee, Hyeong Seop Kim, Dongkyeom Yoo, Jung Won Hwang, Soo Jin Choi, Wonil Oh, Jong Wook Chang, Duk L Na
The success of stem cell therapy is highly dependent on accurate delivery of stem cells to the target site of interest. Possible ways to track the distribution of MSCs in vivo include the use of reporter genes or nanoparticles. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ferumoxytol (Feraheme® [USA], Rienso® [UK]) as a treatment for iron deficiency anemia. Ferumoxytol is an ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (USPIO) that has recently been used to track the fate of transplanted cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 18, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
L A Trujillo-Cayado, M C Alfaro, M C García, J Muñoz
In recent years, interest in submicron emulsions has increased due to their high stability and potential applications in the encapsulation and release of active ingredients in many industrial fields, such as the food industry, pharmaceuticals or agrochemicals. Furthermore, the social demand for eco-friendly solutions to replace hazardous solvents in many dispersion formulations has steadily risen. In this study, the influence of surfactant concentration on the formation and physical stability of submicron oil-in-water emulsions using a high-pressure dual-channel homogenizer (microfluidizer) has been investigated...
October 11, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Cecilia Ferreira da Silva, Miriam Ventura da Silva, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
Objective To analyze the pathway of clinical trials of monoclonal antibodies and biological medicines for cancer treatment involving Brazilian institutions from 2003 to 2012. Method This retrospective, descriptive study was based on review of two clinical trial registries, and the Brazilian registry ReBEC. Phase II or III studies with participation from Brazilian institutions listed in at least one of the registries were included. Following selection of the trials, the pathway of monoclonal antibodies and biological medicines was investigated from the research stage until licensing by the Brazilian Agency for Sanitary Surveillance (Anvisa), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and European Medicines Agency (EMA)...
March 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Sanna Nybacka, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Elisabet Wirfält, Ingrid Larsson, Ulrika Ericson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Anna Winkvist, Anna Karin Lindroos
Two web-based dietary assessment tools have been developed for use in large-scale studies: the Riksmaten method (4-d food record) and MiniMeal-Q (food-frequency method). The aim of the present study was to examine the ability of these methods to capture energy intake against objectively measured total energy expenditure (TEE) with the doubly labelled water technique (TEEDLW), and to compare reported energy and macronutrient intake. This study was conducted within the pilot study of the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS), which included 1111 randomly selected men and women aged 50-64 years from the Gothenburg general population...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Quynh C Nguyen, Dapeng Li, Hsien-Wen Meng, Suraj Kath, Elaine Nsoesie, Feifei Li, Ming Wen
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that where people live, play, and work can influence health and well-being. However, the dearth of neighborhood data, especially data that is timely and consistent across geographies, hinders understanding of the effects of neighborhoods on health. Social media data represents a possible new data resource for neighborhood research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to build, from geotagged Twitter data, a national neighborhood database with area-level indicators of well-being and health behaviors...
October 17, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Mohsen Golabi, Filiz Kuralay, Edwin W H Jager, Valerio Beni, Anthony P F Turner
Biosensors can deliver the rapid bacterial detection that is needed in many fields including food safety, clinical diagnostics, biosafety and biosecurity. Whole-cell imprinted polymers have the potential to be applied as recognition elements in biosensors for selective bacterial detection. In this paper, we report on the use of 3-aminophenylboronic acid (3-APBA) for the electrochemical fabrication of a cell-imprinted polymer (CIP). The use of a monomer bearing a boronic acid group, with its ability to specifically interact with cis-diol, allowed the formation of a polymeric network presenting both morphological and chemical recognition abilities...
September 26, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jennifer L Schroeck, James Ford, Erin L Conway, Kari E Kurtzhalts, Megan E Gee, Krista A Vollmer, Kari A Mergenhagen
PURPOSE: Insomnia is problematic for older adults. After behavioral modifications fail to show adequate response, pharmacologic options are used. The pharmacokinetics of agents used to treat insomnia may be altered. This review focuses on the safety and efficacy of medications used to treat insomnia. METHODS: A literature search of Medline, PubMed, and Embase was conducted (January 1966-June 2016). It included systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and case series that had an emphasis on insomnia in an older population...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Susanne Hafner, Sabine Haubensak, Tanusree Paul, Oliver Zolk
Background | Differences (polymorphisms) in genes encoding drug targets, drug transport proteins, or drug metabolizing enzymes may be responsible, among other factors, for the observed variation in patients' responses to medications. The field of pharmacogenetics aims to identify patients at higher genetically-determined risk of adverse effects or poor response to medication. This information would allow for modification of dosage or substitution with alternative therapy. However, there is a lack of awareness of pharmacogenetic clinical practise guidelines...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
M Herbrink, N de Vries, H Rosing, A D R Huitema, B Nuijen, J H M Schellens, J H Beijnen
BACKGROUND: A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry assay was developed to facilitate therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for 10 anticancer compounds (dasatinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, imatinib, lapatinib, nilotinib, pazopanib, sorafenib, sunitinib, and vemurafenib) and the active metabolite, N-desethyl-sunitinib. METHODS: The TDM assay is based on reversed-phase chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry in the positive ion mode using multiple-reaction monitoring for analyte quantification...
October 5, 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Philip B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
While the words "fit" and "healthy" are often used synonymously in everyday language, the terms have entirely separate meanings. Fitness describes the ability to perform a given exercise task, and health explains a person's state of well-being, where physiological systems work in harmony. Although we typically view athletes as fit and healthy, they often are not. The global term we place on unhealthy athletes is the overtraining syndrome. In this current opinion, we propose that two primary drivers may contribute to the development of the overtraining syndrome, namely high training intensity and the modern-day highly processed, high glycemic diet...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Dan J Graham, Rachel G Lucas-Thompson, Megan P Mueller, Melanie Jaeb, Lisa Harnack
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether parent/child pairs would select more healthful foods when: (i) products were labelled with front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labels relative to packages without labels; (ii) products were labelled with colour-coded Multiple Traffic Light (MTL) FOP labels relative to monochromatic Facts up Front (FuF) FOP labels; and (iii) FOP labels were explained via in-aisle signage v. unexplained. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned to one of five conditions: (i) FuF labels with in-aisle signs explaining the labels; (ii) FuF labels, no signage; (iii) MTL labels with in-aisle signage; (iv) MTL labels, no signage; (v) control group, no labels/signage...
October 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Bart B L Groen, Astrid M Horstman, Henrike M Hamer, Michiel de Haan, Janneau van Kranenburg, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, Will K W H Wodzig, Blake B Rasmussen, Luc J C van Loon
CONTEXT: Skeletal muscle protein synthesis is highly responsive to food intake. It has been suggested that the post-prandial increase in circulating insulin modulates the muscle protein synthetic response to feeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a greater post-prandial rise in circulating insulin level increases amino acid uptake in muscle and augments post-prandial muscle protein synthesis rates. PARTICIPANTS: and design. 48 healthy young (age 22±1 y; BMI 22...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Cuiping Wang, Xinying Lin, Dongmei Guo, Lili Ding, Haifeng Guo, Guifa Xu, Xi Cui, Xia Wang
The objective of this study was to investigate the zinc fractional absorption of young Chinese men and women from the Shandong rural region under the routine dietary pattern by stable isotope technique. Ten men and 10 women, aged 20 to 35 years, and with a representative diet during the experiment were recruited from the Shandong rural region. Stable (67)Zn was used as a tracer to label ZnCl2, and Yb was used to monitor the excretion of (67)Zn in urine and feces. All volunteers were given rice containing 4...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Shahram Rafieifar, Hamed Pouraram, Abolghassem Djazayery, Fereydoun Siassi, Zahra Abdollahi, Ahmad Reza Dorosty, Mitra Abtahi, Hossein Kazemeini, Farshad Farzadfar
In Iran, as in most countries, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death (highest mortality rate), but rank third in terms of disease burden. On the other hand, the relationship between high salt intake, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease has been proven. Food consumption pattern in Iran shows that consumption of salt, pickled foods and salty snacks is common. Regarding the World Health Organization (WHO) target for salt intake (about 5 g per day), the evidence indicates that Iranian people consume 2-3 times more than the recommended amount of salt...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Dominic Way, Hortense Blazsin, Ragnar Löfstedt, Frederic Bouder
This paper reviews the main tools for communicating benefit-risk medicines information to patients that are used, or could be used, by pharmaceutical regulators. One highly successful tool from the food safety sector (front-of-package traffic-light labelling) and the mental models approach (which provides a framework for developing new tools) are also reviewed as they show great promise for being usefully adapted to the pharmaceutical context. The evolution of benefit-risk medicines communication is first contextualised within the broader risk communication literature...
October 14, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Marcus Ponce de Leon
MRI is a valuable tool in the evaluation of patients with neurologic disease. It offers ease of use and widespread availability; however, MRI can pose significant health hazards to patients with implantable devices. Accordingly, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has changed the safety labeling of implantable devices. This article increases provider awareness by detailing the potential safety risks MRI poses to patients with implantable devices and reviews the most recent FDA device labeling.
October 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
María Serrano Iglesias, María de Lourdes Samaniego Vaesken, Gregorio Varela Moreiras
: The aim of this study was to draw an updated map of the nutrition facts in the different categories of non-alcoholic beverages in the Spanish market based on the information declared on the labels of these products; we expect this first step to justify the need for the coordination and harmonization of food composition tables in Spain so that there will be an updated database available to produce realistic scientific nutrient intake estimates in accordance with the actual market scenario...
October 8, 2016: Nutrients
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