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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764491/does-a-low-fodmaps-diet-reduce-symptoms-of-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-a-systematic-review-in-adult-and-paediatric-population-on-behalf-of-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#1
REVIEW
Rossella Turco, Silvia Salvatore, Erasmo Miele, Claudio Romano, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising of the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs)' incidence in the last years, the etio-pathogenesis of FGIDs remains unclear. The diet seems to play an important role in these disorders. Indeed, at least two thirds of adult patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and of children with FGIDs perceive their GI symptoms to be food-related. In particular, in the last years, more interest has been focused in the low Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyol (FODMAPs) diet...
May 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764234/the-role-of-diet-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-focus-on-fodmaps
#2
Russell Dolan, William D Chey, Shanti Eswaran
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition that negatively impacts quality of life and results in significant health care expenditures. The vast majority of IBS patients associate their symptoms with eating. Numerous randomized, controlled trials suggest that restriction of dietary FODMAPs improves overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating and quality of life in more than half of IBS sufferers. There is emerging data which suggests that other diets (gluten free, guided elimination diets) might also be of benefit to IBS patients...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763907/beyond-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-efficacy-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-for-improving-symptoms-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-celiac-disease
#3
Anna Testa, Nicola Imperatore, Antonio Rispo, Matilde Rea, Raffaella Tortora, Olga Maria Nardone, Lucia Lucci, Grazia Accarino, Nicola Caporaso, Fabiana Castiglione
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of a low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols) diet on patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), non-active inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: Dietetic interventional prospective study. IBS, IBD, and CD subjects were evaluated to check if they fulfilled the Rome III criteria. Each subject was educated to follow a low FODMAP diet after being evaluated by filling out questionnaires that assessed the quality of life (QoL) and symptoms experienced (IBS-SSS and SF-36), and was reevaluated after 1 and 3 months...
May 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#4
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735056/carbohydrates-volatile-and-phenolic-compounds-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-calabura-muntingia-calabura-l-fruit
#5
Gustavo Araujo Pereira, Henrique Silvano Arruda, Damila Rodrigues de Morais, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin, Glaucia Maria Pastore
Soluble carbohydrates, volatile and phenolic compounds from calabura fruit as well as its antioxidant activity were assessed. The low amount of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) and similar amount of glucose and fructose allow us to classify the calabura berry as low-FODMAPs. The terpenes β-Farnesene and dendrolasin identified by SPME-GC-MS were the major volatile components. UHPLC-MS/MS analysis revelled gallic acid (5325 μg/g dw) and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (171 μg/g dw) as the main phenolic compounds, followed by gentisic acid, gallocatechin, caffeic acid and protocatechuic acid...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706489/evaluation-of-fodmap-carbohydrates-content-in-selected-foods-in-the-united-states
#6
Bruno P Chumpitazi, Jongbin Lim, Ann R McMeans, Robert J Shulman, Bruce R Hamaker
We analyzed the fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide, and polyols (FODMAP) content of several foods potentially low in FODMAP which are commonly consumed by children. We determined that several processed foods (eg, gluten-free baked products) had unlabeled FODMAP content. Determining FODMAP content within foods distributed in the US may support educational and dietary interventions.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685830/-implementationof-a-low-fodmap-dietforfunctional-abdominal-pain
#7
María Luisa Baranguán Castro, Ignacio Ros Arnal, Ruth García Romero, Gerardo Rodríguez Martínez, Eduardo Ubalde Sainz
INTRODUCTION: The low FODMAP diet (fermentable oligosaccharides, monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polyols) has shown to be effective in adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome, but there are few studies on paediatric patients. The aim of this study is to assess the implementation and the outcomes of a low FODMAP diet in the treatment of functional abdominal pain in children from a Mediterranean area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A table was designed in which foods were classified according to their FODMAP content, as well as a 'Symptoms and Stools Diary'...
April 20, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568206/low-fodmap-vs-regular-rye-bread-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-randomized-smartpill-%C3%A2-study
#8
Laura Pirkola, Reijo Laatikainen, Jussi Loponen, Sanna-Maria Hongisto, Markku Hillilä, Anu Nuora, Baoru Yang, Kaisa M Linderborg, Riitta Freese
AIM: To compare the effects of regular vs low-FODMAP rye bread on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and to study gastrointestinal conditions with SmartPill® . METHODS: Our aim was to evaluate if rye bread low in FODMAPs would cause reduced hydrogen excretion, lower intraluminal pressure, higher colonic pH, different transit times, and fewer IBS symptoms than regular rye bread. The study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled cross-over meal study. Female IBS patients ( n = 7) ate study breads at three consecutive meals during one day...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533197/the-fodmap-diet-not-just-going-against-the-grain
#9
Talha Khan Burki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503786/a-mexican-honeymoon-marred-by-gastrointestinal-upset-a-case-of-dientamoeba-fragilis-causing-post-infectious-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Saeed Ali, Neelam Khetpal, Muhammad Talha Khan, Mamoon Rasheed, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Karen Echeverria-Beltran
Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis) is an anaerobic intestinal protozoan parasite that has been associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. We report a case of post-infectious IBS caused by D. fragilis treated successfully with metronidazole. A 33-year-old African American male with an unremarkable past medical history was seen in the office with a three-month history of intermittent, generalized, crampy abdominal pain with bloating and flatulence without associated weight loss. He visited Mexico for his honeymoon four months ago...
December 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497906/adherence-to-a-low-fodmap-diet-in-relation-to-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-iranian-adults
#11
Helia Pourmand, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Parvane Saneei, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing the influence of a low fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms were clinical trials with a small sample size. OBJECTIVE: This study was done to examine the association between adherence to a low FODMAP diet and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data on 3362 Iranian adults were collected...
May 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473657/fermentable-short-chain-carbohydrate-fodmap-content-of-common-plant-based-foods-and-processed-foods-suitable-for-vegetarian-and-vegan-based-eating-patterns
#12
C Tuck, E Ly, A Bogatyrev, I Costetsou, P Gibson, J Barrett, J Muir
BACKGROUND: The low FODMAP (fermentable, oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols) diet is an effective strategy to improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. However, combining the low FODMAP diet with another dietary restriction such as vegetarianism/veganism is challenging. Greater knowledge about the FODMAP composition of plant-based foods and food processing practices common to vegetarian/vegan eating patterns would assist in the implementation of the diet in this patient population...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433349/radiation-induced-enteropathy-how-a-low-fodmap-diet-might-help
#13
COMMENT
Yoshiharu Uno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413008/the-role-of-diet-in-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Rajdeep Singh, Ahmed Salem, Julie Nanavati, Gerard E Mullin
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifaceted illness involving maladaptive shifts in the gut microbiota that affect the enteric nervous and immune systems, mucosal barrier function, the balance of neurotransmitters and hormones, and emotional well-being. There is abundant evidence indicating that certain foods elicit symptoms in IBS. Numerous elimination-type diets have been shown to alleviate symptoms. However, among these, the most controversial is a group of foods called fructo, oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs)...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336079/the-low-fodmap-diet-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-an-evidence-based-review-of-fodmap-restriction-reintroduction-and-personalisation-in-clinical-practice
#15
K Whelan, L D Martin, H M Staudacher, M C E Lomer
Dietary restriction of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) is effective in the management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms that occur in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Numerous reviews have been published regarding the evidence for their restriction in the low FODMAP diet; however, few reviews discuss the implementation of the low FODMAP diet in practice. The aim of this review is to provide practical guidance on patient assessment and the implementation and monitoring of the low FODMAP diet...
April 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328869/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-an-overview
#16
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart, Ana Luíza de Carvalho Aranão, Pamela Grazielle Correa de Oliveira
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are mainly represented by ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the increase in the incidence tends to follow the rapid industrialization and lifestyle of modern societies. FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) consist of molecules that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and are fermented by bacteria in the colon leading to symptoms such as bloating, flatulence, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Reduction of the ingestion of FODMAP could reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302878/exploring-gut-microbiota-composition-as-an-indicator-of-clinical-response-to-dietary-fodmap-restriction-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
Jørgen Valeur, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Torunn Knudsen, Gülen Arslan Lied, Arne Gustav Røseth
BACKGROUND: A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) may relieve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, nutritional counseling is resource-demanding and not all patients will benefit. AIMS: To explore whether gut microbial composition may identify symptom response to a low-FODMAP diet in patients with IBS. METHODS: Patients were recruited consecutively to participate in a 4-week FODMAP-restricted diet...
February 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300051/ibs-high-fodmap-diet-induces-lps-derived-intestinal-inflammation-and-visceral-hypersensitivity
#18
Iain Dickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224799/editorial-overview-gastrointestinal-new-frontiers-in-therapeutics-for-gi-diseases-and-disorders-from-micrornas-to-novel-pharmaceutics-to-low-fodmap-diets-and-microbiome
#19
EDITORIAL
Fievos L Christofi, Adil E Bharucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204952/-therapeutic-modulation-of-intestinal-microbiota-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-from-probiotics-to-fecal-microbiota-therapy
#20
P C Konturek, Yurdagül Zopf
BACKGROUND: An abnormal intestinal microbiota (dysbiosis) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of the irritable bowel syndrome. METHOD: An overview of four current options for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, which are characterized by modulation of intestinal microbiota, is given. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Probiotics have very different effects on the individual symptoms of the irritable bowel. The choice of the appropriate preparation should therefore be based on the clinical symptomatology...
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
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