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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740352/long-term-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptom-control-with-reintroduction-of-selected-fodmaps
#1
Ruth M Harvie, Alexandra W Chisholm, Jordan E Bisanz, Jeremy P Burton, Peter Herbison, Kim Schultz, Michael Schultz
AIM: To investigate the long-term effect of dietary education on a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants with IBS (Rome III) were randomized to two groups. Group I commenced a low FODMAP diet at baseline. At three months, group II, so far a comparator group, crossed over to a low FODMAP diet while group I started re-challenging foods. All patients completed the IBS SSS (IBS symptom severity scoring system, 0-500 points increasing with severity), IBS QoL questionnaire (0-100 increasing with QoL), a FODMAP specific food frequency questionnaire and provided a stool sample at baseline, three and six months for microbiome analysis...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737477/changes-in-duodenal-enteroendocrine-cells-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-following-dietary-guidance
#2
Tarek Mazzawi, Magdy El-Salhy
The densities of enteroendocrine cells are abnormal in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, they tend to change toward normal levels in stomach, ileum, and colon following dietary guidance. The aim was to identify the types of duodenal enteroendocrine cells affected after receiving dietary guidance in the same group of patients with IBS. Fourteen patients with IBS and 14 control subjects were included. The patients received three sessions of dietary guidance. Both groups underwent gastroscopies at baseline, and again for the patients after 3-9 months (median, four months) from receiving dietary guidance...
July 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#3
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721345/effects-of-a-low-fodmap-diet-and-specific-carbohydrate-diet-on-symptoms-and-nutritional-adequacy-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-preliminary-results-of-a-single-blinded-randomized-trial
#4
Massimo Vincenzi, Irene Del Ciondolo, Elisa Pasquini, Katia Gennai, Barbara Paolini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: IBS is the most common functional disease of the low gastrointestinal tract. Recently, the interest towards a diet approach has increased, for example, a diet with low content of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of a low FODMAP diet and a specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) conducted for 3 months on symptoms and to evaluate the deficiencies of vitamin D and folic acid in patients affected by IBS, matching the Rome IV criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707437/long-term-impact-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-on-gastrointestinal-symptoms-dietary-intake-patient-acceptability-and-healthcare-utilization-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
M O'Keeffe, C Jansen, L Martin, M Williams, L Seamark, H M Staudacher, P M Irving, K Whelan, M C Lomer
BACKGROUND: The low-FODMAP diet is a frequently used treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Most research has focused on short-term FODMAP restriction; however, guidelines recommend that high-FODMAP foods are reintroduced to individual tolerance. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of the low-FODMAP diet following FODMAP reintroduction in IBS patients. METHODS: Patients with IBS were prospectively recruited to a questionnaire study following completion of dietitian-led low-FODMAP education...
July 14, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702130/new-insights-in-ibs-like-disorders-pandora-s-box-has-been-opened-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Raffaele Borghini, Giuseppe Donato, Domenico Alvaro, Antonio Picarelli
The most complained gastrointestinal symptoms are chronic diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pain. Once malignancies and inflammatory bowel diseases are excluded, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and the so called "IBS-like disorders" should be taken into account. The relationship between IBS as defined by Rome IV criteria and these clinical conditions is sometimes obscure, since many IBS patients identify food as a possible trigger for their symptoms. Here, we discuss IBS and the most common IBS-like disorders (celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs), lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), α-amylase/trypsin inhibitor (ATIs), nickel allergic contact mucositis), focusing on epidemiologic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700090/dietary-practices-and-fodmaps-in-south-asia-applicability-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-to-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Samapriya P Hewawasam, Marina Iacovou, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low FODMAP diet has been described, evaluated and found efficacious for the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) primarily in Western countries. The aim of this review was to address the applicability of this diet to South Asia. The high prevalence of IBS in South Asia and its associated effects of quality of life and economics warrants the introduction of efficacious therapies. The considerable heterogeneity of dietary patterns and methods of food preparation across South Asian countries and a paucity of food analysis limit precision in defining foods that are high or low in FODMAPs...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668539/a-diet-low-in-fermentable-oligo-di-and-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-improves-quality-of-life-and-reduces-activity-impairment-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diarrhea
#8
Shanti Eswaran, William D Chey, Kenya Jackson, Sivaram Pillai, Samuel W Chey, Theresa Han-Markey
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated the effects of a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) vs traditional dietary recommendations, on health-related quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression, work productivity, and sleep quality in patients with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-center, single-blind trial of 92 adult patients with IBS-D (65 women; median age, 42.6 years) randomly assigned to groups placed on a diet low in FODMAPs or a modified diet recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (mNICE) for 4 weeks...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646815/integrative-treatment-of-chronic-abdominal-bloating-and-pain-associated-with-overgrowth-of-small-intestinal-bacteria-a-case-report
#9
Laura Kwiatkowski, Elizabeth Rice, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is commonly defined as an increased number of bacteria and/or an abnormal type of bacteria in the small intestine. Conventional treatment for SIBO is typically focused on antibiotics to eradicate the bacterial overgrowth. Numerous studies have demonstrated the antimicrobial activity of herbs, and a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) has been shown to enhance antibiotic therapy. Objective • The current case study intended to evaluate the benefits of an alternative, multifaceted approach-including botanical and homeopathic therapies in conjunction with a low-FODMAP diet-in the treatment of SIBO and its associated symptoms...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#10
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#11
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627205/a-low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-is-a-balanced-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-with-nutritional-and-symptomatic-benefits
#12
Ana Paula Marum, Cátia Moreira, Pablo Tomas-Carus, Fernando Saraiva, Catarina Sousa Guerreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a chronic rheumatic disease producing widespread pain, associated to a major comorbidity -irritable bowel syndrome. Low FODMAPS diet (low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet) has been effective in controlling irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Overweight is an aggravating factor for fibromyalgia. We studied effects of low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diets on fibromyalgia symptoms and weight status. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed on 38 fibromyalgia patients using a four-week, repeated assessment as follow: M1 = first assessments/presentation of individual low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet; M2 = second assessments/reintroduction of FODMAPs; M3 = final assessments/nutritional counselling...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625832/diet-low-in-fodmaps-reduces-symptoms-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-probiotic-restores-bifidobacterium-species-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
H M Staudacher, M C E Lomer, F M Farquharson, P Louis, F Fava, E Franciosi, M Scholz, K M Tuohy, J O Lindsay, P M Irving, K Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary restriction of fermentable carbohydrates (a low FODMAP diet) has been reported to reduce symptoms in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine its effects on symptoms and the fecal microbiota in patients with IBS. METHODS: We performed a 2x2 factorial trial of 104 patients with IBS (18-65 years old), based on the Rome III criteria, at 2 hospitals in the United Kingdom...
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621070/editorial-food-for-thought-the-low-fodmap-diet-and-ibs-in-perspective
#14
EDITORIAL
E M M Quigley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617710/the-low-fodmap-diet-fundamental-therapy-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Carol Ireton-Jones
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The low FODMAP diet is now recognized as first-line therapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms including abdominal pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea and or constipation. This information must be disseminated for application to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: There are many people with IBS worldwide who can benefit from following the low FODMAP diet to alleviate or minimize symptoms. Clinical studies and trials demonstrating the positive outcomes of the low FODMAP diet have been based on diet education provided by dietitians...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592442/the-low-fodmap-diet-recent-advances-in-understanding-its-mechanisms-and-efficacy-in-ibs
#16
REVIEW
Heidi M Staudacher, Kevin Whelan
There is an intensifying interest in the interaction between diet and the functional GI symptoms experienced in IBS. Recent studies have used MRI to demonstrate that short-chain fermentable carbohydrates increase small intestinal water volume and colonic gas production that, in those with visceral hypersensitivity, induces functional GI symptoms. Dietary restriction of short-chain fermentable carbohydrates (the low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet) is now increasingly used in the clinical setting...
June 7, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587774/is-a-low-fodmap-diet-beneficial-for-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#17
Yong-le Zhan, Yong-An Zhan, Shi-Xue Dai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the current evidence regarding the benefit of a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyol (FODMAP) diet in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Medline were comprehensively searched for relevant studies through January 2017. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to analyze the dichotomous variables (diarrhea response, abdominal pain and bloating, etc...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567692/bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-a-low-fodmap-diet-a-pilot-study
#18
M Bellini, D Gambaccini, L Bazzichi, G Bassotti, M G Mumolo, B Fani, F Costa, A Ricchiuti, N De Bortoli, M Mosca, S Marchi, A Rossi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a low fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on the nutritional status and body composition, abdominal symptoms, quality of life, anxiety/depression and sleep quality of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Consecutive patients were given a low FODMAP diet for 8 weeks. At baseline and after 8 weeks, blood tests were taken to evaluate nutritional status and a bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed to assess body composition...
May 31, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566897/low-fodmap-diet-reduces-irritable-bowel-symptoms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Natalia Pedersen, Dorit Vedel Ankersen, Maria Felding, Henrik Wachmann, Zsuzsanna Végh, Line Molzen, Johan Burisch, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Pia Munkholm
AIM: To investigate the effect of a low-FODMAP diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: This was a randomised controlled open-label trial of patients with IBD in remission or with mild-to-moderate disease and coexisting IBS-like symptoms (Rome III) randomly assigned to a Low-FODMAP diet (LFD) or a normal diet (ND) for 6 wk between June 2012 and December 2013. Patients completed the IBS symptom severity system (IBS-SSS) and short IBD quality of life questionnaire (SIBDQ) at weeks 0 and 6...
May 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545589/gastrointestinal-tolerance-of-low-fodmap-oral-nutrition-supplements-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jennifer Erickson, Renee Korczak, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in utilizing a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a functional gastrointestinal disease. While studies have indicated that this diet can be effective at symptom reduction, it is a restrictive diet and patients may find it challenging to find low FODMAP products to meet their nutrient needs. The primary objective of this study was to assess the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of three low FODMAP oral nutrition supplements (ONS) in healthy adults...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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