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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#1
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767737/recent-issues-in-the-use-of-signed-language-assessments-for-diagnosis-of-language-disorders-in-signing-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#2
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Jeanne Reis, Robert Hoffmeister
In recent years, normed signed language assessments have become a useful tool for researchers, practitioners, and advocates. Nevertheless, there are limitations in their application, particularly for the diagnosis of language disorders, and learning disabilities. Here, we discuss some of the available normed, signed language assessments and some of their limitations. We have also provided information related to practices that should lead to improvement in the quality of signed language assessments.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758388/second-language-learners-who-are-at-risk-for-reading-disabilities-a-growth-mixture-model-study
#3
Susanna S Yeung
This one-year longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of English reading in Chinese children learning English as a second language (ESL) and identified cognitive profiles of children who are at risk for English reading disability. One hundred and eighty-four Chinese ESL children from eight Hong Kong kindergartens were measured four times during their last year of kindergarten for phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary and English word reading. Growth mixture modeling was applied to classify the children based on their growth trajectories in English word reading...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660590/detection-of-neurodevelopmental-diversity-in-memory-clinics-validation-of-a-self-report-measure
#4
Alon Seifan, Chiashin Shih, Katherine Hackett, Max J Pensack, Matthew W Schelke, Michael Lin, Hemali Patel, Christine A Ganzer, Mahreen Ahmed, Robert Krikorian, Peter Tamboer, Adolfo M Henriquez, Richard S Isaacson, Sheila Steinhof
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental learning and attentional disorders (NLAD) such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affect at least 6% of the adult population or more. They are associated with atypical cognitive patterns in early and adult life. The cognitive patterns of affected individuals in late life have never been described. One main challenge is detecting individuals in clinical settings during which mild cognitive changes could be confounding the clinical presentation...
April 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#5
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621798/facilitating-postsecondary-transition-and-promoting-academic-success-through-language-literacy-based-self-determination-strategies
#6
Ginger Collins, Julie A Wolter
Purpose: As noted by Powell (2018), speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools, and this holds true for adolescents who require transition planning. The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on transition planning for secondary school students with a language-based learning disability (LLD) and provide a case illustration for how SLPs may use self-determination strategies to facilitate postsecondary transition while promoting academic success...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610767/brain-s-functional-network-clustering-coefficient-changes-in-response-to-instruction-rti-in-students-with-and-without-reading-disabilities-multi-leveled-reading-brain-s-rti
#7
Todd L Richards, Virginia W Berninger, Kevin Yagle, Robert D Abbott, Dan Peterson
In students in grades 4 to 9 (22 males, 20 females), two reading disability groups-dyslexia ( n = 20) or oral and written language learning disability (OWL LD) ( n = 6)-were compared to each other and two kinds of control groups-typical readers ( n = 6) or dysgraphia ( n = 10) on word reading/spelling skills and fMRI imaging before and after completing 18 computerized reading lessons. Mixed ANOVAs showed significant time effects on repeated measures within participants and between groups effects on three behavioral markers of reading disabilities-word reading/spelling: All groups improved on the three behavioral measures, but those without disabilities remained higher than those with reading disabilities...
2018: Cogent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608230/comparisons-of-self-and-proxy-report-on-health-related-factors-in-people-with-intellectual-disability
#8
Haleigh M Scott, Susan M Havercamp
BACKGROUND: The intellectual disability field has learned about the lives of people with intellectual disabilities (ID), largely from the perspective of their family and caregivers. Information from caregivers has been critical to scientific advancement, especially when caregivers are engaged on behalf of individuals with significant language impairment. On the other hand, the perspective of individuals with ID themselves is critical for internal subjective content such as thoughts and feelings...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606845/movement-issues-identified-in-movement-abc2-checklist-parent-ratings-for-students-with-persisting-dysgraphia-dyslexia-and-owl-ld-and-typical-literacy-learners
#9
Kathleen Nielsen, Sheila Henderson, Anna L Barnett, Robert D Abbott, Virginia Berninger
Movement, which draws on motor skills and executive functions for managing them, plays an important role in literacy learning (e.g., movement of mouth during oral reading and movement of hand and fingers during writing); but relatively little research has focused on movement skills in students with specific learning disabilities as the current study did. Parents completed normed Movement Assessment Battery for Children Checklist, 2nd edition (ABC-2), ratings and their children in grades 4 to 9 ( M = 11 years, 11 months; 94 boys, 61 girls) completed diagnostic assessment used to assign them to diagnostic groups: control typical language learning ( N = 42), dysgraphia (impaired handwriting) ( N = 29), dyslexia (impaired word decoding/reading and spelling) ( N = 65), or oral and written language learning disability (OWL LD) (impaired syntax in oral and written language) ( N = 19)...
2018: Learning Disabilities (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576812/cognitive-and-language-deficits-in-multiple-sclerosis-comparison-of-relapsing-remitting-and-secondary-progressive-subtypes
#10
Katerina Ntoskou, Lambros Messinis, Grigorios Nasios, Maria Martzoukou, Giorgos Makris, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the pattern and severity of cognitive and language impairment in Greek patients with Relapsing-remitting (RRMS) and Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis (SPMS), relative to control participants. Method: A prospective study was conducted in 27 patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), ( N = 15) with RRMS, ( N = 12) with SPMS, and ( N = 12) healthy controls. All participants were assessed with a flexible comprehensive neuropsychological - language battery of tests that have been standardized in Greece and validated in Greek MS patients...
2018: Open Neurology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559940/interactive-apps-promote-learning-of-basic-mathematics-in-children-with-special-educational-needs-and-disabilities
#11
Nicola J Pitchford, Elizabeth Kamchedzera, Paula J Hubber, Antonie L Chigeda
Interactive apps delivered on touch-screen tablets can be effective at supporting the acquisition of basic skills in mainstream primary school children. This technology may also be beneficial for children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) as it can promote high levels of engagement with the learning task and an inclusive learning environment. However, few studies have measured extent of learning for SEND pupils when using interactive apps, so it has yet to be determined if this technology is effective at raising attainment for these pupils...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510680/a-program-to-respond-to-otitis-media-in-remote-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-qualitative-investigation-of-parent-perspectives
#12
Caroline Jones, Mridula Sharma, Samantha Harkus, Catherine McMahon, Mele Taumoepeau, Katherine Demuth, Karen Mattock, Lee Rosas, Raelene Wing, Sulabha Pawar, Anne Hampshire
BACKGROUND: Indigenous infants and children in Australia, especially in remote communities, experience early and chronic otitis media (OM) which is difficult to treat and has lifelong impacts in health and education. The LiTTLe Program (Learning to Talk, Talking to Learn) aimed to increase infants' access to spoken language input, teach parents to manage health and hearing problems, and support children's school readiness. This paper aimed to explore caregivers' views about this inclusive, parent-implemented early childhood program for 0-3 years in an Aboriginal community health context...
March 6, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506490/rubinstein-taybi-2-associated-to-novel-ep300-mutations-deepening-the-clinical-and-genetic-spectrum
#13
María López, Alberto García-Oguiza, Judith Armstrong, Inmaculada García-Cobaleda, Sixto García-Miñaur, Fernando Santos-Simarro, Verónica Seidel, Elena Domínguez-Garrido
BACKGROUND: Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by broad thumbs and halluces. RSTS is caused by mutations in CREBBP and in EP300 genes in 50-60% and 8%, respectively. Up to now, 76 RSTS-EP300 patients have been described. We present the clinical and molecular characterization of a cohort of RSTS patients carrying EP300 mutations. METHODS: Patients were selected from a cohort of 72 individuals suspected of RSTS after being negative in CREBBP study...
March 5, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476789/behavioral-and-neuroanatomical-outcomes-in-a-rat-model-of-preterm-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-effects-of-caffeine-and-hypothermia
#14
Molly Potter, Ted Rosenkrantz, R Holly Fitch
The current study investigated behavioral and post mortem neuroanatomical outcomes in Wistar rats with a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury induced on postnatal day 6 (P6; Rice-Vannucci HI method; Rice et al., 1981). This preparation models brain injury seen in premature infants (gestational age (GA) 32-35 weeks) based on shared neurodevelopmental markers at time of insult, coupled with similar neuropathologic sequelae (Rice et al., 1981; Workman et al., 2013). Clinically, HI insult during this window is associated with poor outcomes that include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), motor coordination deficits, spatial memory deficits, and language/learning disabilities...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436893/a-literature-review-on-the-experience-of-long-term-mental-illness
#15
Elizabeth Collier, Maria J Grant
PURPOSE: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. DESIGN: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950-2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. FINDINGS: Twenty-five research papers and nine autobiographic accounts met the review criteria. Thematic analysis revealed nine themes: fear, explanation seeking, stigma, disability, coping strategies, control, support, change and learning, and life history...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422020/cognitive-medicine-a-new-approach-in-health-care-science
#16
Anders Wallin, Petronella Kettunen, Per M Johansson, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Christer Nilsson, Michael Nilsson, Marie Eckerström, Arto Nordlund, Lars Nyberg, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Johan Svensson, Beata Terzis, Lars-Olof Wahlund, H Georg Kuhn
BACKGROUND: The challenges of today's society call for more knowledge about how to maintain all aspects of cognitive health, such as speed/attention, memory/learning, visuospatial ability, language, executive capacity and social cognition during the life course. MAIN TEXT: Medical advances have improved treatments of numerous diseases, but the cognitive implications have not been sufficiently addressed. Disability induced by cognitive dysfunction is also a major issue in groups of patients not suffering from Alzheimer's disease or related disorders...
February 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395075/otud7a-knockout-mice-recapitulate-many-neurological-features-of-15q13-3-microdeletion-syndrome
#17
Jiani Yin, Wu Chen, Eugene S Chao, Sirena Soriano, Li Wang, Wei Wang, Steven E Cummock, Huifang Tao, Kaifang Pang, Zhandong Liu, Fred A Pereira, Rodney C Samaco, Huda Y Zoghbi, Mingshan Xue, Christian P Schaaf
15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome is characterized by a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders, including developmental delay, intellectual disability, epilepsy, language impairment, abnormal behaviors, neuropsychiatric disorders, and hypotonia. This syndrome is caused by a deletion on chromosome 15q, which typically encompasses six genes. Here, through studies on OTU deubiquitinase 7A (Otud7a) knockout mice, we identify OTUD7A as a critical gene responsible for many of the cardinal phenotypes associated with 15q13...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385988/a-patient-and-family-data-domain-collection-framework-for-identifying-disparities-in-pediatrics-results-from-the-pediatric-health-equity-collaborative
#18
Aswita Tan-McGrory, Caroline Bennett-AbuAyyash, Stephanie Gee, Kirk Dabney, John D Cowden, Laura Williams, Sarah Rafton, Arie Nettles, Sonia Pagura, Laurens Holmes, Jane Goleman, LaVone Caldwell, James Page, Patricia Oceanic, Erika J McMullen, Adriana Lopera, Sarah Beiter, Lenny López
BACKGROUND: By 2020, the child population is projected to have more racial and ethnic minorities make up the majority of the populations and health care organizations will need to have a system in place that collects accurate and reliable demographic data in order to monitor disparities. The goals of this group were to establish sample practices, approaches and lessons learned with regard to race, ethnicity, language, and other demographic data collection in pediatric care setting. METHODS: A panel of 16 research and clinical professional experts working in 10 pediatric care delivery systems in the US and Canada convened twice in person for 3-day consensus development meetings and met multiple times via conference calls over a two year period...
January 31, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353508/vocabulary-comprehension-and-strategies-in-name-construction-among-children-using-aided-communication
#19
Débora Deliberato, Margareta Jennische, Judith Oxley, Leila Regina d'Oliveira de Paula Nunes, Cátia Crivelenti de Figueiredo Walter, Munique Massaro, Maria Amélia Almeida, Kristine Stadskleiv, Carmen Basil, Marc Coronas, Martine Smith, Stephen von Tetzchner
Vocabulary learning reflects the language experiences of the child, both in typical and atypical development, although the vocabulary development of children who use aided communication may differ from children who use natural speech. This study compared the performance of children using aided communication with that of peers using natural speech on two measures of vocabulary knowledge: comprehension of graphic symbols and labeling of common objects. There were 92 participants not considered intellectually disabled in the aided group...
March 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#20
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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