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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893075/classroom-acoustics-as-a-consideration-for-inclusive-education-in-south-africa
#1
Coralie Van Reenen, Catherine Karusseit
BACKGROUND: It can hardly be disputed that a school environment should be conducive or, at the very least, not prohibitive to effective learning. The provision of fair, equal and barrier-free access to education is referred to as inclusive education. South Africa supports a policy of inclusive schooling, striving to accommodate all children, including those with disabilities, in mainstream schools. This article sets out to prove that noise control in classrooms is a relevant, yet neglected, aspect of inclusive classroom design in South Africa and requires specific attention...
September 8, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873901/co-creation-learning-procedures-comparing-interactive-language-lessons-for-deaf-and-hearing-students
#2
Naotsune Hosono, Hiromitsu Inoue, Yutaka Tomita
This paper discusses co-creation learning procedures of second language lessons for deaf students, and sign language lessons by a deaf lecturer. The analyses focus on the learning procedure and resulting assessment, considering the disability. Through questionnaires ICT-based co-creative learning technologies are effective and efficient and promote spontaneous learning motivation goals.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866788/enrichment-of-putatively-damaging-rare-variants-in-the-dyx2-locus-and-the-reading-related-genes-ccdc136-and-flnc
#3
Andrew K Adams, Shelley D Smith, Dongnhu T Truong, Erik G Willcutt, Richard K Olson, John C DeFries, Bruce F Pennington, Jeffrey R Gruen
Eleven loci with prior evidence for association with reading and language phenotypes were sequenced in 96 unrelated subjects with significant impairment in reading performance drawn from the Colorado Learning Disability Research Center collection. Out of 148 total individual missense variants identified, the chromosome 7 genes CCDC136 and FLNC contained 19. In addition, a region corresponding to the well-known DYX2 locus for RD contained 74 missense variants. Both allele sets were filtered for a minor allele frequency ≤0...
September 2, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862345/subgroups-in-language-trajectories-from-4-to-11%C3%A2-years-the-nature-and-predictors-of-stable-improving-and-decreasing-language-trajectory-groups
#4
Cristina McKean, Darren Wraith, Patricia Eadie, Fallon Cook, Fiona Mensah, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the nature, range and prevalence of different subgroups in language trajectories extant in a population from 4 to 11 years. This hinders strategic targeting and design of interventions, particularly targeting those whose difficulties will likely persist. METHODS: Children's language abilities from 4 to 11 years were investigated in a specialist language longitudinal community cohort (N = 1,910). Longitudinal trajectory latent class modelling was used to characterise trajectories and identify subgroups...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828866/facilitating-pragmatic-skills-through-role-play-in-learners-with-language-learning-disability
#5
Fareeaa Abdoola, Penelope S Flack, Saira B Karrim
BACKGROUND: Role-based learning involves the process whereby learners acquire skills, knowledge and understanding through the assumption of roles within real-life settings. Role-play holds potential as an effective learning strategy for children; however, there is limited research on the use of role-play as a therapy method within the field of speech-language pathology. Children with language learning disability (LLD) typically present with difficulties in social communication, which can negatively affect their social and academic achievement...
July 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734509/global-disability-empowering-children-of-all-abilities
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca J Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Paige C Pullen, Rita Shrestha, Gaynell Paul Matherne, Reeba Roshan, Beena Koshy
Worldwide, children are often not meeting their developmental potential owing to malnutrition, infection, lack of stimulation, and toxic stress. Children with disabilities are more likely to experience poverty, neglect, and abuse, and are less likely to have adequate access to education and medical care. Early childhood developmental stimulation can improve language, learning, and future participation in communities. Therapeutic supports and endeavors to reduce stigma for people of all abilities strengthen communities and allow for human thriving...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729533/common-brain-structure-findings-across-children-with-varied-reading-disability-profiles
#7
Mark A Eckert, Kenneth I Vaden, Amanda B Maxwell, Stephanie L Cute, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Virginia W Berninger
Dyslexia is a developmental disorder in reading that exhibits varied patterns of expression across children. Here we examined the degree to which different kinds of reading disabilities (defined as profiles or patterns of reading problems) contribute to brain morphology results in Jacobian determinant images that represent local brain shape and volume. A matched-pair brain morphometry approach was used to control for confounding from brain size and research site effects in this retrospective multi-site study of 134 children from eight different research sites...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690312/wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-with-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-a-brazilian-family
#8
Lenises de Paula van der Steld, Oscar Campuzano, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Mabel Moura de Barros Zamorano, Selma Sousa Matos, Ramon Brugada
BACKGROUND PRKAG2 syndrome diagnosis is already well-defined as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW), ventricular hypertrophy (VH) due to glycogen accumulation, and conduction system disease (CSD). Because of its rarity, there is a lack of literature focused on the treatment. The present study aimed to describe appropriate strategies for the treatment of affected family members with PRKAG2 syndrome with a long follow-up period. CASE REPORT We studied 60 selected individuals from 84 family members (32 males, 53...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689189/early-hearing-detection-and-vocabulary-of-children-with-hearing-loss
#9
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Allison L Sedey, Mallene Wiggin, Winnie Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have examined vocabulary outcomes of children meeting all 3 components of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) guidelines (hearing screening by 1 month, diagnosis of hearing loss by 3 months, and intervention by 6 months of age). The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of the current EHDI 1-3-6 policy on vocabulary outcomes across a wide geographic area. A secondary goal was to confirm the impact of other demographic variables previously reported to be related to language outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#10
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670621/changes-in-dti-diffusivity-and-fmri-connectivity-cluster-coefficients-for-students-with-and-without-specific-learning-disabilities-in-written-language-brain-s-response-to-writing-instruction
#11
Todd L Richards, Virginia W Berninger, Kevin J Yagle, Robert D Abbott, Daniel J Peterson
Before and after computerized writing instruction, participants completed assessment with normed measures and DTI and fMRI connectivity scanning. Evidence-based differential diagnosis was used at time 1 to assign them to diagnostic groups: typical oral and written language (n=6), dysgraphia (impaired handwriting, n=10), dyslexia (impaired word spelling and reading, n=20), and OWL LD (impaired syntax construction, n=6). The instruction was aimed at subword letter writing, word spelling, and syntax composing...
April 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670102/agreement-among-traditional-and-rti-based-definitions-of-reading-related-learning-disability-with-preschool-children
#12
Trelani F Milburn, Christopher J Lonigan, Darcey M Allan, Beth M Phillips
To investigate approaches for identifying young children who may be at risk for later reading-related learning disabilities, this study compared the use of four contemporary methods of indexing learning disability (LD) with older children (i.e., IQ-achievement discrepancy, low achievement, low growth, and dual-discrepancy) to determine risk status with a large sample of 1,011 preschoolers. These children were classified as at risk or not using each method across three early-literacy skills (i.e., language, phonological awareness, print knowledge) and at three levels of severity (i...
April 2017: Learning and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654032/assessing-working-memory-in-children-the-comprehensive-assessment-battery-for-children-working-memory-cabc-wm
#13
Kathryn Cabbage, Shara Brinkley, Shelley Gray, Mary Alt, Nelson Cowan, Samuel Green, Trudy Kuo, Tiffany P Hogan
The Comprehensive Assessment Battery for Children - Working Memory (CABC-WM) is a computer-based battery designed to assess different components of working memory in young school-age children. Working memory deficits have been identified in children with language-based learning disabilities, including dyslexia(1)(,)(2) and language impairment(3)(,)(4), but it is not clear whether these children exhibit deficits in subcomponents of working memory, such as visuospatial or phonological working memory. The CABC-WM is administered on a desktop computer with a touchscreen interface and was specifically developed to be engaging and motivating for children...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649782/heterozygous-variants-in-actl6a-encoding-a-component-of-the-baf-complex-are-associated-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Ronit Marom, Mahim Jain, Lindsay C Burrage, I-Wen Song, Brett H Graham, Chester W Brown, Servi J C Stevens, Alexander P A Stegmann, Andrew T Gunter, Julie D Kaplan, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Marwan Shinawi, Jill A Rosenfeld, Yangjin Bae, Alyssa A Tran, Yuqing Chen, James T Lu, Richard A Gibbs, Christine Eng, Yaping Yang, Justine Rousseau, Bert B A de Vries, Philippe M Campeau, Brendan Lee
Pathogenic variants in genes encoding components of the BRG1-associated factor (BAF) chromatin remodeling complex have been associated with intellectual disability syndromes. We identified heterozygous, novel variants in ACTL6A, a gene encoding a component of the BAF complex, in three subjects with varying degrees of intellectual disability. Two subjects have missense variants affecting highly conserved amino acid residues within the actin-like domain. Missense mutations in the homologous region in yeast actin were previously reported to be dominant lethal and were associated with impaired binding of the human ACTL6A to β-actin and BRG1...
October 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645698/radiological-studies-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-humans-and-animal-models-an-updated-comprehensive-review
#15
REVIEW
Van T Nguyen, Suyinn Chong, Quang M Tieng, Karine Mardon, Graham J Galloway, Nyoman D Kurniawan
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders encompass a wide range of birth defects in children born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Typical mental impairments in FASD include difficulties in life adaptation and learning and memory, deficits in attention, visuospatial skills, language and speech disabilities, mood disorders and motor disabilities. Multimodal imaging methods have enabled in vivo studies of the teratogenic effects of alcohol on the central nervous system, giving more insight into the FASD phenotype...
June 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633531/the-effectiveness-of-aided-augmented-input-techniques-for-persons-with-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#16
Anna A Allen, Ralf W Schlosser, Kristofer L Brock, Howard C Shane
When working with individuals with little or no functional speech, clinicians often recommend that communication partners use the client's augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device when speaking to the client. This is broadly known as "augmented input" and is thought to enhance the client's learning of language form and content. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of augmented input on communication outcomes in persons with developmental disabilities and persons with childhood apraxia of speech who use aided AAC...
June 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627034/brief-mindfulness-meditation-group-training-in-aphasia-exploring-attention-language-and-psychophysiological-outcomes
#17
Rebecca Shisler Marshall, Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Kim Love
BACKGROUND: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. AIMS: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching MM to individuals with aphasia. Since physiological measures have not been collected for those with aphasia, the study was also an exploration of the potential attention, language and physiological changes after MM in adults with aphasia during a brief, daily group training...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609302/association-between-exposure-of-young-children-to-procedures-requiring-general-anesthesia-and-learning-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#18
Danqing Hu, Randall P Flick, Michael J Zaccariello, Robert C Colligan, Slavica K Katusic, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Shonie L Buenvenida, Stephen J Gleich, Robert T Wilder, Juraj Sprung, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: Exposure of young animals to general anesthesia causes neurodegeneration and lasting behavioral abnormalities; whether these findings translate to children remains unclear. This study used a population-based birth cohort to test the hypothesis that multiple, but not single, exposures to procedures requiring general anesthesia before age 3 yr are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study cohort was assembled from children born in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1996 to 2000 (inclusive)...
August 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572606/automated-screening-for-fragile-x-premutation-carriers-based-on-linguistic-and-cognitive-computational-phenotypes
#19
Arezoo Movaghar, Marsha Mailick, Audra Sterling, Jan Greenberg, Krishanu Saha
Millions of people globally are at high risk for neurodegenerative disorders, infertility or having children with a disability as a result of the Fragile X (FX) premutation, a genetic abnormality in FMR1 that is underdiagnosed. Despite the high prevalence of the FX premutation and its effect on public health and family planning, most FX premutation carriers are unaware of their condition. Since genetic testing for the premutation is resource intensive, it is not practical to screen individuals for FX premutation status using genetic testing...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547011/the-effect-of-visual-variability-on-the-learning-of-academic-concepts
#20
Ashley Bourgoyne, Mary Alt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of variability of visual input on development of conceptual representations of academic concepts for college-age students with normal language (NL) and those with language-learning disabilities (LLD). Method: Students with NL (n = 11) and LLD (n = 11) participated in a computer-based training for introductory biology course concepts. Participants were trained on half the concepts under a low-variability condition and half under a high-variability condition...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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