keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Specific language impairment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330555/performance-of-low-income-dual-language-learners-attending-english-only-schools-on-the-clinical-evaluation-of-language-fundamentals-fourth-edition-spanish
#1
Beatriz Barragan, Anny Castilla-Earls, Lourdes Martinez-Nieto, M Adelaida Restrepo, Shelley Gray
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the performance of a group of Spanish-speaking, dual language learners (DLLs) who were attending English-only schools and came from low-income and low-parental education backgrounds on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Fourth Edition, Spanish (CELF-4S; Semel, Wiig, & Secord, 2006). Method: Spanish-speaking DLLs (N = 656), ages 5;0 (years;months) to 7;11, were tested for language impairment (LI) using the core language score of the CELF-4S and the English Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (Dawson, Stout, & Eyer, 2003)...
January 12, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#2
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314421/cognate-effects-and-cognitive-control-in-patients-with-parallel-and-differential-bilingual-aphasia
#3
Lize Van der Linden, Nele Verreyt, Miet De Letter, Dimitri Hemelsoet, Peter Mariën, Patrick Santens, Michaël Stevens, Arnaud Szmalec, Wouter Duyck
BACKGROUND: Until today, there is no satisfying explanation for why one language may recover worse than another in differential bilingual aphasia. One potential explanation that has been largely unexplored is that differential aphasia is the consequence of a loss of language control rather than a loss of linguistic representations. Language control is part of a general control mechanism that also manages non-linguistic cognitive control. If this system is impaired, patients with differential aphasia could still show bilingual language activation, but they may be unable to manage activation in non-target languages, so that performance in another language is hindered...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309370/how-do-you-feel-subjective-perception-of-recovery-as-a-reliable-surrogate-of-cognitive-and-functional-outcome-in-cardiac-arrest-survivors
#4
Elsa Juan, Marzia De Lucia, Valérie Beaud, Mauro Oddo, Marco Rusca, Dragana Viceic, Stephanie Clarke, Andrea O Rossetti
OBJECTIVES: To show that subjective estimate of patient's condition is related to objective cognitive and functional outcome in cardiac arrest survivors. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: ICU and Neuropsychology Service in two hospitals in Switzerland. PATIENTS: Fifty survivors included from a prospective cohort of 138 patients admitted at the ICU for cardiopulmonary arrest. INTERVENTIONS: Comprehensive cognitive and functional evaluation at 6 months follow-up...
January 5, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307081/immune-abnormalities-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-could-they-hold-promise-for-causative-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Dominika Gładysz, Amanda Krzywdzińska, Kamil K Hozyasz
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairments in language and communication development, social behavior, and the occurrence of stereotypic patterns of behavior and interests. Despite substantial speculation about causes of ASD, its exact etiology remains unknown. Recent studies highlight a link between immune dysfunction and behavioral traits. Various immune anomalies, including humoral and cellular immunity along with abnormalities at the molecular level, have been reported. There is evidence of altered immune function both in cerebrospinal fluid and peripheral blood...
January 6, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305597/grammar-clinical-marker-yields-substantial-heritability-for-language-impairments-in-16-year-old-twins
#6
Philip S Dale, Mabel L Rice, Kaili Rimfeld, Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas
Purpose: There is a need for well-defined language phenotypes suitable for adolescents in twin studies and other large-scale research projects. Rice, Hoffman, and Wexler (2009) have developed a grammatical judgment measure as a clinical marker of language impairment, which has an extended developmental range to adolescence. Method: We conducted the first twin analysis, along with associated phenotypic analyses of validity, of an abridged, 20-item version of this grammatical judgment measure (GJ-20), based on telephone administration using prerecorded stimuli to 405 pairs of 16-year-olds (148 monozygotic and 257 dizygotic) drawn from the Twins Early Development Study (Haworth, Davis, & Plomin, 2012)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305338/a-mobile-app-to-screen-for-neurocognitive-impairment-preliminary-validation-of-neuroscreen-among-hiv-infected-south-african-adults
#7
Reuben N Robbins, Hetta Gouse, Henry G Brown, Andries Ehlers, Travis M Scott, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Robert H Remien, Claude A Mellins, John A Joska
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is one of the most common complications of HIV infection, and has serious medical and functional consequences. South Africa has 7 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) with up to three-quarters of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve individuals having NCI. South Africa's health system struggles to meet the care needs of its millions of PLHIV; screening for NCI is typically neglected due to limited clinical staff trained to administer, score, and interpret neuropsychological tests, as well as long test batteries and limited screening tools for South African populations...
January 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301613/testing-olfactory-function-and-mapping-the-structural-olfactory-networks-in-the-brain
#8
Alexander Fjældstad
We perceive the world through our senses. The dependence on these sensory stimuli becomes obvious when we see a visually impaired individual with a guide dog or an individual using sign language. However, individuals with olfactory deficits suffer from a more concealed impairment without any opportunity for diagnostics or treatment in the Danish healthcare system. Around a fifth of the population experience olfactory deficits, of which 1-2% are functionally anosmic. The personal consequences for anosmics can be extensive, lacking not only in hedonic yield related to eating and drinking, but also the socialization during dinners can become niggling...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289438/comparison-of-spontaneously-elicited-language-patterns-in-specific-language-impairment-and-high-functioning-autism
#9
Megan Craig, Doris Trauner
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize differences in the use of language in children with specific language impairment and high-functioning autism by analyzing verbal responses on standardized tests. The overall goal was to provide clinicians with additional tools with which to aid in distinguishing the two neurodevelopmental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 16 children with specific language impairment, 28 children with high-functioning autism, and 52 typically developing participants between the ages of six and 14...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278950/the-effect-of-different-speaker-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-speech-sound-disorder
#10
Jennifer Harte, Pauline Frizelle, Fiona Gibbon
There is substantial evidence that a speaker's accent, specifically an unfamiliar accent, can affect the listener's comprehension. In general, this effect holds true for both adults and children as well as those with typical and impaired language. Previous studies have investigated the effect of different accents on individuals with language disorders, but children with speech sound disorders (SSDs) have received little attention. The current study aims to learn more about the ability of children with SSD to process different speaker accents...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278615/risk-for-speech-and-language-impairments-in-pre-school-aged-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-with-in-utero-combination-antiretroviral-exposure
#11
Mabel L Rice, Jonathan S Russell, Toni Frederick, Murli Purswani, Paige L Williams, George K Siberry, Sean M Redmond, Howard J Hoffman, Tzy-Jyun Yao
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children have elevated risk of late language emergence at age 1 year, with possible links to in utero antiretroviral (ARV) exposure. We investigated possible risks for speech impairments (SI) and language impairments (LI) in preschool monolingual HEU children in the United States. METHODS: Speech and language assessments were conducted as part of the PHACS Surveillance Monitoring of ART Toxicities (SMARTT) study at ages 3 (N= 208) and 5 (N = 429) years...
December 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276529/neurobiological-bases-of-reading-disorder-part-ii-the-importance-of-developmental-considerations-in-typical-and-atypical-reading
#12
Jessica M Black, Zhichao Xia, Fumiko Hoeft
Decoding-based reading disorder (RD; aka developmental dyslexia) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, affecting approximately 5-10% of school-aged children across languages. Even though neuroimaging studies suggest an impairment of the left reading network in RD, the onset of this deficit and its developmental course, which may include constancy and change, is largely unknown. There is now growing evidence that the recruitment of brain networks underlying perceptual, cognitive and linguistic processes relevant to reading acquisition varies with age...
October 2017: Language and Linguistics Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275578/-application-of-chinese-version-of-ace-%C3%A2-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
J W Xin, X L Xiao, X C Chen, X D Pan
Objective: To investigate the application and best cut-off value of Chinese version of Addenbrooke's cognitive examination-Ⅲ(ACE-Ⅲ) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with mild cognitive impairment. Methods: A total of 18 T2DM patients with normal cognitive function (NCI group) and 40 T2DM patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI group) treated in outpatient clinic or ward of Department of Neurology and Endocrinology in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between January 2015 and February 2016 were enrolled...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274509/retelling-stories-grammatical-and-lexical-measures-for-identifying-monolingual-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-sli
#14
Alejandra Auza B, Mary Towle Harmon, Chiharu Murata
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have grammatical and lexical difficulties when telling stories. The aim of this work was to explore whether language productivity measures, such as mean length of utterance (MLU), percentage of ungrammatical sentences (%UGS), total number of words (TNW), and number of different words (NDW) produced by young children during a story retell task, can be used to accurately differentiate monolingual Spanish-speaking children with SLI from children with typical language development (TLD)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258327/long-acting-bronchodilator-use-in-the-management-of-stable-copd-a-review
#15
Aya Wail Abukwaik, Rupal Mansukhani, Mary Barna Bridgeman
OBJECTIVE: To review the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with a focus on updated information regarding the use of long-acting bronchodilators in the prevention of exacerbations and outcomes associated with this disease. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of the MEDLINE databases through November 2017 was conducted. All published articles regarding use of bronchodilator therapy in the management of COPD were evaluated. References of selected articles, data from poster presentations, and abstract publications were additionally reviewed...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242924/teaching-low-income-spanish-speaking-caregivers-to-implement-emt-en-espa%C3%A3-ol-with-their-young-children-with-language-impairment-a-pilot-study
#16
Tatiana Nogueira Peredo, Maria Isabel Zelaya, Ann P Kaiser
Purpose: This study examined the effectiveness of teaching low-income Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children with language impairment a naturalistic language intervention, EMT en Español. Method: A single-case, multiple-baseline, across-behaviors design replicated across 3 caregiver-child dyads was used to examine the effects of teaching core EMT en Español strategies. The training program utilized the Teach-Model-Coach-Review instructional approach to teach strategies to support children's language development in Spanish...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236269/the-value-of-assr-threshold-based-bilateral-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-difficult-or-unreliable-behavioral-audiometry
#17
Petros V Vlastarakos, Alexandra Vasileiou, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
We conducted an analysis to assess the relative contribution of auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) testing in providing appropriate hearing aid fitting in hearing-impaired children with difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry. Of 150 infants and children who had been referred to us for hearing assessment as part of a neonatal hearing screening and cochlear implantation program, we identified 5 who exhibited significant discrepancies between click-ABR and ASSR testing results and difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230798/botulinum-toxin-type-a-therapy-for-cervical-dystonia
#18
REVIEW
Mafalda Castelão, Raquel E Marques, Gonçalo S Duarte, Filipe B Rodrigues, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a highly disabling movement disorder characterised by involuntary, usually painful, head posturing. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered the first line therapy for this condition. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of botulinum toxin type A (BtA) versus placebo in people with cervical dystonia...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#19
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222571/the-potential-of-past-tense-marking-in-oral-reading-as-a-clinical-marker-of-specific-language-impairment-in-school-age-children
#20
Krystal L Werfel, Alison Eisel Hendricks, C Melanie Schuele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to explore differences in profiles of past tense marking in oral reading of school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI). The second aim was to explore the potential of past tense marking in oral reading as a clinical marker of SLI in school-age children. Method: This study examined oral readings of connected text to describe the frequency and type of reading errors on regular and irregular past tense verbs for 21 children with SLI as compared to 30 children with typical language in Grades 2 and 3...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
keyword
keyword
29120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"