keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Specific language impairment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109501/the-clinical-examination-of-non-word-repetition-tasks-in-identifying-persian-speaking-children-with-primary-language-impairment
#1
Yalda Kazemi, Soodeh Saeednia
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of a non-word repetition (NWR) test in identifying Persian-speaking preschool children with specific/primary language impairment (PLI). Children with PLI show consistently poorer performance in non-word repetition tasks than their typically developing language (TDL) counterparts. It is assumed that the ability to repeat non-words triggers language skills and that the absence of this ability may be responsible for language impairment in PLI children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#2
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101829/autism-spectrum-disorders%C3%A2-diagnosis-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Sharmila Banerjee Mukherjee
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder commonly seen in children. It is characterized by age inappropriate, impaired social communication and the presence of stereotypic behavior. This disorder is hypothesized to result from cerebral dysfunction arising from a complex interaction between genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. ASD should be suspected in children failing ASD specific screening tests, in the presence of red flags in social, language and/or play domains, in children with developmental or language delay, abnormal behavior, poor school performance or in those who are at high risk...
January 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098945/frequency-of-cnksr2-mutation-in-the-x-linked-epilepsy-aphasia-spectrum
#4
John A Damiano, Rosemary Burgess, Sara Kivity, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Zaid Afawi, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Michael S Hildebrand
Synaptic proteins are critical to neuronal function in the brain, and their deficiency can lead to seizures and cognitive impairments. CNKSR2 (connector enhancer of KSR2) is a synaptic protein involved in Ras signaling-mediated neuronal proliferation, migration and differentiation. Mutations in the X-linked gene CNKSR2 have been described in patients with seizures and neurodevelopmental deficits, especially those affecting language. In this study, we sequenced 112 patients with phenotypes within the epilepsy-aphasia spectrum (EAS) to determine the frequency of CNKSR2 mutation within this complex set of disorders...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077170/prosodic-processing-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Gabriela Ilie, Michael D Cusimano, Wenshan Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed...
January 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073077/hypertext-comprehension-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students-and-students-with-specific-language-impairment
#6
Helen Blom, Eliane Segers, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
This paper provides insight into the reading comprehension of hierarchically structured hypertexts within D/HH students and students with SLI. To our knowledge, it is the first study on hypertext comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI, and it also considers the role of working memory. We compared hypertext versus linear text comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI versus younger students without language problems who had a similar level of decoding and vocabulary. The results demonstrated no difference in text comprehension between the hierarchically structured hypertext and the linear text...
January 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064112/ultra-short-screening-instruments-for-major-depressive-episode-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-epilepsy-the-nddie-2-and-the-gad-si
#7
Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Fabrice Bartolomei, Aileen McGonigal
BACKGROUND: Systematic screening is recommended for major depressive episode (MDE) with the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy NDDI-E, 6 items and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) with the GAD 7 items in patients with epilepsy (PWE). Shorter versions of the NDDI-E and the GAD-7 could facilitate increased screening by busy clinicians and be more accessible to patients with mild cognitive and/or language impairments. METHODS: The effectiveness of ultra-short versions of the NDDI-E (2 items) and the GAD-7 (the GAD-2, 2 items, and the GAD-SI with a single item) in comparison with the original versions were statistically tested using ROC analysis...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059789/the-mild-behavioral-impairment-checklist%C3%A2-mbi-c-a-rating-scale-for%C3%A2-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in%C3%A2-pre-dementia-populations
#8
Zahinoor Ismail, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Henry Brodaty, Alicja Cieslak, Jeffrey Cummings, Corinne E Fischer, Serge Gauthier, Yonas E Geda, Nathan Herrmann, Jamila Kanji, Krista L Lanctôt, David S Miller, Moyra E Mortby, Chiadi U Onyike, Paul B Rosenberg, Eric E Smith, Gwenn S Smith, David L Sultzer, Constantine Lyketsos
BACKGROUND: Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) is a construct that describes the emergence at ≥50 years of age of sustained and impactful neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), as a precursor to cognitive decline and dementia. MBI describes NPS of any severity, which are not captured by traditional psychiatric nosology, persist for at least 6 months, and occur in advance of or in concert with mild cognitive impairment. While the detection and description of MBI has been operationalized in the International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment - Alzheimer's Association (ISTAART-AA) research diagnostic criteria, there is no instrument that accurately reflects MBI as described...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057432/pattern-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-psychosis-a-critical-review
#9
REVIEW
Abhishek Lenka, Shantala Hegde, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Pramod Kumar Pal
Psychosis is one of the debilitating non-motor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD). Cognitive impairment is considered to be a risk factor for emergence of psychosis in PD. Early detection of relevant cognitive impairment may serve as a predictor for development of psychosis, with implications for prevention and early intervention. However, the exact pattern of cognitive impairment associated with psychosis is not clear. In this article, we aim to critically review the literature on case-control studies in PD patients with and without psychosis in order to understand the pattern of cognitive impairment in those with psychosis...
December 29, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046095/learning-and-overnight-retention-in-declarative-memory-in-specific-language-impairment
#10
Ágnes Lukács, Ferenc Kemény, Jarrad A G Lum, Michael T Ullman
We examined learning and retention in nonverbal and verbal declarative memory in Hungarian children with (n = 21) and without (n = 21) SLI. Recognition memory was tested both 10 minutes and one day after encoding. On nonverbal items, only the children with SLI improved overnight, with no resulting group differences in performance. In the verbal domain, the children with SLI consistently showed worse performance than the typically-developing children, but the two groups showed similar overnight changes. The findings suggest the possibility of spared or even enhanced declarative memory consolidation in SLI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036410/interactive-book-reading-to-accelerate-word-learning-by-kindergarten-children-with-specific-language-impairment-identifying-an-adequate-intensity-and-variation-in-treatment-response
#11
Holly L Storkel, Krista Voelmle, Veronica Fierro, Kelsey Flake, Kandace K Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine
Purpose: This study sought to identify an adequate intensity of interactive book reading for new word learning by children with specific language impairment (SLI) and to examine variability in treatment response. Method: An escalation design adapted from nontoxic drug trials (Hunsberger, Rubinstein, Dancey, & Korn, 2005) was used in this Phase I/II preliminary clinical trial. A total of 27 kindergarten children with SLI were randomized to 1 of 4 intensities of interactive book reading: 12, 24, 36, or 48 exposures...
December 30, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000910/-environmental-and-genetic-variables-related-with-alterations-in-language-acquisition-in-early-childhood
#12
REVIEW
A Moriano-Gutierrez, J Colomer-Revuelta, J Sanjuan, J M Carot-Sierra
INTRODUCTION: A great deal of research has addressed problems in the correct acquisition of language, but with few overall conclusions. The reasons for this lie in the individual variability, the existence of different measures for assessing language and the fact that a complex network of genetic and environmental factors are involved in its development. AIM: To review the environmental and genetic variables that have been studied to date, in order to gain a better under-standing of the causes of specific language impairment and create new evidence that can help in the development of screening systems for the early detection of these disorders...
January 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982253/comprehension-of-ambiguity-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Mariana Katsumi Ishihara, Ana Carina Tamanaha, Jacy Perissinoto
Purpose: To verify and compare the performance of children and adolescents with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using a formal, standardized test that assesses language competence, more specifically comprehension of ambiguity. Methods: The sample comprised 19 individuals aged 6 to 14 years, of both genders, divided into two groups: ASD Group (9) and SLI Group (10). Participants were assessed using the Test of Language Competence - TLC; Ambiguous Sentences subtest (Wiig, Secord, 1989)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978792/predicting-stability-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-findings-of-a-community-based-sample
#14
Sinika Ellendt, Bianca Voß, Nils Kohn, Lisa Wagels, Katharina Goerlich, Eva Drexler, Frank Schneider, Ute Habel
BACKGROUND: Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other forms of dementia. However, much heterogeneity concerning neuropsychological measures, prevalence and progression rates impedes distinct diagnosis and treatment implications. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was the identification of specific tests providing a high certainty for stable MCI and factors that precipitate instability of MCI in a community based sample examined at three measurement points...
December 13, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973643/syntactic-versus-memory-accounts-of-the-sentence-comprehension-deficits-of-specific-language-impairment-looking-back-looking-ahead
#15
James W Montgomery, Ronald B Gillam, Julia L Evans
Purpose: Compared with same-age typically developing peers, school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI) exhibit significant deficits in spoken sentence comprehension. They also demonstrate a range of memory limitations. Whether these 2 deficit areas are related is unclear. The present review article aims to (a) review 2 main theoretical accounts of SLI sentence comprehension and various studies supporting each and (b) offer a new, broader, more integrated memory-based framework to guide future SLI research, as we believe the available evidence favors a memory-based perspective of SLI comprehension limitations...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941741/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-children-born-to-climate-refugee-mothers-in-bangladesh-experiences-from-cyclone-aila
#16
N Z Khan, H Muslima, A B Shilpi, S K Majumder, A E Khan
Cyclone Aila hit the South-West coast of Bangladesh in May 2009, when in Dacope Upazilla over 50,000 people were left homeless as climate refugees (CRs) for over two years. We determined neurodevelopmental status of children born as CRs compared to their non-Climate Refugee (NCR) counterparts. Pregnant mothers were enrolled from May 2009 to April 2010 in entire Dacope in a study which profiled their health conditions. From among these mothers, 12 months post-Aila 267 CR mother-child dyads, and 552 NCR mother-child dyads were enrolled to assess their children's neurodevelopmental outcomes...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939640/mutations-in-the-chromatin-regulator-gene-brpf1-cause-syndromic-intellectual-disability-and-deficient-histone-acetylation
#17
Kezhi Yan, Justine Rousseau, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Courtney Kiss, Anna Lehman, Jill A Rosenfeld, Constance T R Stumpel, Alexander P A Stegmann, Laurie Robak, Fernando Scaglia, Thi Tuyet Mai Nguyen, He Fu, Norbert F Ajeawung, Maria Vittoria Camurri, Lin Li, Alice Gardham, Bianca Panis, Mohammed Almannai, Maria J Guillen Sacoto, Berivan Baskin, Claudia Ruivenkamp, Fan Xia, Weimin Bi, Megan T Cho, Thomas P Potjer, Gijs W E Santen, Michael J Parker, Natalie Canham, Margaret McKinnon, Lorraine Potocki, Jennifer J MacKenzie, Elizabeth R Roeder, Philippe M Campeau, Xiang-Jiao Yang
Identification of over 500 epigenetic regulators in humans raises an interesting question regarding how chromatin dysregulation contributes to different diseases. Bromodomain and PHD finger-containing protein 1 (BRPF1) is a multivalent chromatin regulator possessing three histone-binding domains, one non-specific DNA-binding module, and several motifs for interacting with and activating three lysine acetyltransferases. Genetic analyses of fish brpf1 and mouse Brpf1 have uncovered an important role in skeletal, hematopoietic, and brain development, but it remains unclear how BRPF1 is linked to human development and disease...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936001/computerized-analysis-of-verbal-fluency-normative-data-and-the-effects-of-repeated-testing-simulated-malingering-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
David L Woods, John M Wyma, Timothy J Herron, E William Yund
In verbal fluency (VF) tests, subjects articulate words in a specified category during a short test period (typically 60 s). Verbal fluency tests are widely used to study language development and to evaluate memory retrieval in neuropsychiatric disorders. Performance is usually measured as the total number of correct words retrieved. Here, we describe the properties of a computerized VF (C-VF) test that tallies correct words and repetitions while providing additional lexical measures of word frequency, syllable count, and typicality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934915/the-defining-dna-methylation-signature-of-floating-harbor-syndrome
#19
Rebecca L Hood, Laila C Schenkel, Sarah M Nikkel, Peter J Ainsworth, Guillaume Pare, Kym M Boycott, Dennis E Bulman, Bekim Sadikovic
Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is an autosomal dominant genetic condition characterized by short stature, delayed osseous maturation, expressive language impairment, and unique facial dysmorphology. We previously identified mutations in the chromatin remodeling protein SRCAP (SNF2-related CBP Activator Protein) as the cause of FHS. SRCAP has multiple roles in chromatin and transcriptional regulation; however, specific epigenetic consequences of SRCAP mutations remain to be described. Using high resolution genome-wide DNA methylation analysis, we identified a unique and highly specific DNA methylation "epi-signature" in the peripheral blood of individuals with FHS...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923730/are-neurocognitive-factors-associated-with-repetition-of-self-harm-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Angharad N de Cates, Karen Rees, Fabrice Jollant, Benjamin Perry, Karina Bennett, Katie Joyce, Eimear Leyden, Catherine Harmer, Keith Hawton, Kees van Heeringen, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Prediction of self-harm is limited clinically. Early identification of individuals likely to repeat self-harm could improve outcomes and reduce suicide risk. Various neurocognitive deficits have been found in people who self-harm, but the ability of these to predict repetition has yet to be established AIMS: Identify neurocognitive factors that may predict repetition of self-harm. METHODS: Systematic narrative review of English language publications assessing neurocognitive functioning and self-harm repetition, searching multiple databases from inception to March 2015...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
keyword
keyword
29120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"