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Specific language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292606/speech-language-and-reading-skills-in-10-year-old-children-with-palatal-clefts-the-impact-of-additional-conditions
#1
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Ragnhild Aukner, Tone K Særvold, Øydis Hide
BACKGROUND: This study examined speech (hypernasality and intelligibility), language, and reading skills in children with a cleft palate, specifically investigating additional conditions to the cleft, in order to differentiate challenges related to a cleft only, and challenges associated with an additional condition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected during routine assessments of speech and language in a centralised treatment setting. PARTICIPANTS: Children born with cleft with palatal involvement from four birth cohorts (n=184), aged 10...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290234/preliminary-validation-study-of-the-russian-birmingham-cognitive-screen
#2
E Kuzmina, G W Humphreys, M J Riddoch, A A Skvortsov, B S Weekes
INTRODUCTION: The Birmingham Cognitive Screen (BCoS) is designed for use with individuals who have acquired language impairment following stroke. Our goal was to develop a Russian version of the BCoS (Rus-BCoS) by translating the battery following cultural and linguistic adaptations and establishing preliminary data on its psychometric properties. METHOD: Fifty patients with left-hemisphere stroke were recruited, of whom 98% were diagnosed with mild to moderate aphasia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289475/combined-genome-wide-linkage-and-targeted-association-analysis-of-head-circumference-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-families
#3
M Woodbury-Smith, D A Bilder, J Morgan, L Jerominski, T Darlington, T Dyer, A D Paterson, H Coon
BACKGROUND: It has long been recognized that there is an association between enlarged head circumference (HC) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the genetics of HC in ASD is not well understood. In order to investigate the genetic underpinning of HC in ASD, we undertook a genome-wide linkage study of HC followed by linkage signal targeted association among a sample of 67 extended pedigrees with ASD. METHODS: HC measurements on members of 67 multiplex ASD extended pedigrees were used as a quantitative trait in a genome-wide linkage analysis...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289279/next-gen-sequencing-identifies-non-coding-variation-disrupting-mirna-binding-sites-in-neurological-disorders
#4
P Devanna, X S Chen, J Ho, D Gajewski, S D Smith, A Gialluisi, C Francks, S E Fisher, D F Newbury, S C Vernes
Understanding the genetic factors underlying neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders is a major challenge given their prevalence and potential severity for quality of life. While large-scale genomic screens have made major advances in this area, for many disorders the genetic underpinnings are complex and poorly understood. To date the field has focused predominantly on protein coding variation, but given the importance of tightly controlled gene expression for normal brain development and disorder, variation that affects non-coding regulatory regions of the genome is likely to play an important role in these phenotypes...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288010/functional-connectivity-is-reduced-in-early-stage-primary-progressive-aphasia-when-atrophy-is-not-prominent
#5
Borna Bonakdarpour, Emily J Rogalski, Allan Wang, Jaiashre Sridhar, M M Mesulam, Robert S Hurley
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a clinical syndrome of language decline caused by neurodegenerative pathology. Although language impairments in PPA are typically localized via the morphometric assessment of atrophy, functional changes may accompany or even precede detectable structural alterations, in which case resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) could provide an alternative approach. The goal of this study was to determine whether language network RSFC is reduced in early-stage PPA when atrophy is not prominent...
March 10, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287902/a-narrative-synthesis-of-the-applicability-of-the-car-fa-x-model-in-child-and-adolescent-populations-a-systematic-review
#6
Tracy M Stewart, Simon C Hunter, Sinéad M Rhodes
The CaR-FA-X model [Williams, J. M. G., Barnhofer, T., Crane, C., Hermans, D., Raes, F., Watkins, E., … Dalgleish, T. (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.122 ] is the most prominent and comprehensive model of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) and provides a framework for OGM. The model comprises of three mechanisms, capture and rumination, functional avoidance and impaired executive control...
March 13, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287776/emotion-processing-in-early-blind-and-sighted-individuals
#7
Lucile Gamond, Tomaso Vecchi, Chiara Ferrari, Lotfi B Merabet, Zaira Cattaneo
OBJECTIVE: Emotion processing is known to be mediated by a complex network of cortical and subcortical regions with evidence of specialized hemispheric lateralization within the brain. In light of prior evidence indicating that lateralization of cognitive functions (such as language) may depend on normal visual development, we investigated whether the lack of prior visual experience would have an impact on the development of specialized hemispheric lateralization in emotional processing...
March 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276873/the-hidden-niemann-pick-type-c-patient-clinical-niches-for-a-rare-inherited-metabolic-disease
#8
Christian J Hendriksz, Mathieu Anheim, Peter Bauer, Olivier Bonnot, Anupam Chakrapani, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Tom J de Koning, Anna Degtyareva, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Sarah Doss, Thomas Duning, Paola Giunti, Rosa Iodice, Tracy Johnston, Dierdre Kelly, Hans-Hermann Klünemann, Stefan Lorenzl, Alessandro Padovani, Miguel Pocovi, Matthis Synofzik, Alta Terblanche, Florian Then Bergh, Meral Topçu, Christine Tranchant, Mark Walterfang, Christian Velten, Stefan A Kolb
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, inherited neurodegenerative disease of impaired intracellular lipid trafficking. Clinical symptoms are highly heterogeneous, including neurological, visceral, or psychiatric manifestations. The incidence of NP-C is under-estimated due to under-recognition or misdiagnosis across a wide range of medical fields. New screening and diagnostic methods provide an opportunity to improve detection of unrecognized cases in clinical sub-populations associated with a higher risk of NP-C...
March 2, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265645/nonadjacent-dependency-learning-in-cantonese-speaking-children-with-and-without-a-history-of-specific-language-impairment
#9
Lai-Sang Iao, Lai Yan Ng, Anita Mei Yin Wong, Oi Ting Lee
Purpose: This study investigated nonadjacent dependency learning in Cantonese-speaking children with and without a history of specific language impairment (SLI) in an artificial linguistic context. Method: Sixteen Cantonese-speaking children with a history of SLI and 16 Cantonese-speaking children with typical language development (TLD) were tested with a nonadjacent dependency learning task using artificial languages that mimic Cantonese. Results: Children with TLD performed above chance and were able to discriminate between trained and untrained nonadjacent dependencies...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262100/sexual-rehabilitation-after-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-part-2-recommendations-from-the-fourth-international-consultation-for-sexual-medicine-icsm-2015
#10
Andrea Salonia, Ganesh Adaikan, Jacques Buvat, Serge Carrier, Amr El-Meliegy, Kostas Hatzimouratidis, Andrew McCullough, Abraham Morgentaler, Luiz Otavio Torres, Mohit Khera
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer. AIM: To provide the International Consultation for Sexual Medicine (ICSM) 2015 recommendations concerning management strategies for post-RP erectile function impairment and to analyze post-RP sexual dysfunction other than erectile dysfunction. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Google and PubMed database for English-language original and review articles published up to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262099/sexual-rehabilitation-after-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-part-1-recommendations-from-the-fourth-international-consultation-for-sexual-medicine-icsm-2015
#11
Andrea Salonia, Ganesh Adaikan, Jacques Buvat, Serge Carrier, Amr El-Meliegy, Kostas Hatzimouratidis, Andrew McCullough, Abraham Morgentaler, Luiz Otavio Torres, Mohit Khera
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer. AIM: To provide the International Consultation for Sexual Medicine (ICSM) 2015 recommendations concerning prevention and management strategies for post-RP erectile function impairment in terms of preoperative patient characteristics and intraoperative factors that could influence erectile function recovery. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Google and PubMed databases for English-language original and review articles published up to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258048/effectiveness-of-a-16-week-multimodal-exercise-program-on-individuals-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sandra Trautwein, Andrea Scharpf, Bettina Barisch-Fritz, Christina Niermann, Alexander Woll
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of dementia in the next decades is accompanied by various societal and economic problems. Previous studies have suggested that physical activity positively affects motor and cognitive skills in individuals with dementia (IWD). However, there is insufficient evidence probably related to several methodological limitations. Moreover, to date adequate physical activity interventions specifically developed for IWD are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of a multimodal exercise program (MEP) on motor and cognitive skills in IWD in a high-quality multicenter trial...
March 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257584/semantic-processing-of-sentences-in-preschoolers-with-specific-language-impairment-evidence-from-the-n400-effect
#13
Judith Pijnacker, Nina Davids, Marjolijn van Weerdenburg, Ludo Verhoeven, Harry Knoors, Petra van Alphen
Purpose: Given the complexity of sentence processing and the specific problems that children with specific language impairment (SLI) experience, we investigated the time course and characteristics of semantic processing at the sentence level in Dutch preschoolers with SLI. Method: We measured N400 responses to semantically congruent and incongruent spoken sentences (e.g., "My father is eating an apple/*blanket") in a group of 37 Dutch preschoolers with SLI and in a group of 25 typically developing (TD) peers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256688/-learning-disorders-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#14
J J Garcia-Penas
INTRODUCTION: Neurocognitive deficits and academic learning difficulties are the most common neurologic complication of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in childhood and can be responsible for significant lifetime morbidity. Children with NF1 show impairments in attention, visual perception, language, executive function, academic skills, and behavior. Studies in animal models suggest that the learning disabilities associated with NF1 are caused by excessive Ras activity that leads to increased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) inhibition and to decreased long-term potentiation...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256101/the-procedural-learning-deficit-hypothesis-of-language-learning-disorders-we-see-some-problems
#15
Gillian West, Miguel A Vadillo, David R Shanks, Charles Hulme
Impaired procedural learning has been suggested as a possible cause of developmental dyslexia (DD) and specific language impairment (SLI). This study examined the relationship between measures of verbal and non-verbal implicit and explicit learning and measures of language, literacy and arithmetic attainment in a large sample of 7 to 8-year-old children. Measures of verbal explicit learning were correlated with measures of attainment. In contrast, no relationships between measures of implicit learning and attainment were found...
March 2, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253384/research-to-establish-the-validity-reliability-and-clinical-utility-of-a-comprehensive-language-assessment-of-mandarin
#16
Xueman Lucy Liu, Jill de Villiers, Chunyan Ning, Eric Rolfhus, Teresa Hutchings, Wendy Lee, Fan Jiang, Yi Wen Zhang
Purpose: With no existing gold standard for comparison, challenges arise for establishing the validity of a new standardized Mandarin language assessment normed in mainland China. Method: A new assessment, Diagnostic Receptive and Expressive Assessment of Mandarin (DREAM), was normed with a stratified sample of 969 children ages 2;6 (years;months) to 7;11 in multiple urban and nonurban regions in northern and southern China. In this study of 230 children, the sensitivity and specificity of DREAM were examined against an a priori judgment of disorders...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247338/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-metabqol-1-0-a-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-paediatric-patients-with-intoxication-type-inborn-errors-of-metabolism
#17
Nina A Zeltner, Matthias R Baumgartner, Aljona Bondarenko, Regina Ensenauer, Daniela Karall, Stefan Kölker, Chris Mühlhausen, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Eva Thimm, Julia Quitmann, Peter Burgard, Markus A Landolt, Martina Huemer
INTRODUCTION: This study is part of the "European network and registry for intoxication type metabolic diseases" (E-IMD) project. Intoxication-type inborn errors of metabolism (IT-IEM) such as urea cycle disorders (UCD) and organic acidurias (OA) have a major impact on patients' lives. Patients have to adhere to strict diet and medication and may suffer from metabolic crises and neurocognitive impairment. Disease-specific health-related quality of life (HrQoL) assessment questionnaires are the method of choice to estimate the subjective burden of a disease...
March 1, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242475/importance-of-neuropsychological-and-clinical-features-to-predict-seizure-control-in-medically-treated-patients-with-mesial-temporal-epilepsy-and-hippocampal-sclerosis
#18
Laia Grau-López, Marta Jiménez, Jordi Ciurans, Cynthia Cáceres, Juan Luis Becerra
OBJECTIVE: It is not yet understood why seizures in certain patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) develop resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) while others achieve good seizure control with this treatment. We analyzed clinical and neuropsychological features associated with seizure control in patients with MTLE-HS who had not undergone resective surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 40 patients with medically treated MTLE-HS and retrospectively collected the following data from prospective databases: sex, febrile seizures, central nervous system infection, history of head trauma, cognitive impairment, psychiatric disturbances, history of status epilepticus, age at onset of epilepsy, aura, seizure type and frequency, electroencephalography abnormalities, HS side, AEDs, global cognitive status, and neuropsychological functions such as cognitive processing speed, attention and executive functions, verbal and visual memory, language, and visuospatial ability...
February 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242338/the-relationship-between-impulse-control-disorders-and-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Gabriella Santangelo, Simona Raimo, Paolo Barone
Impulse Control Disorders (ICD) are associated with impairment in cognitive flexibility and cortical inhibition. In Parkinson's Disease (PD) the relationship between ICD and cognitive dysfunctions is still unclear: some studies found different cognitive profiles between Parkinsonians with and without ICD, whereas others did not. Moreover, findings from studies on ICD in PD are conflicting on which cognitive function is altered. A meta-analysis of 34 studies was performed to shed light on relationship between ICD and cognitive dysfunctions and to reveal the cognitive function compromised in Parkinsonians with ICD...
February 24, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241196/sensitivity-to-morphosyntactic-information-in-3-year-old-children-with-typical-language-development-a-feasibility-study
#20
Patricia Deevy, Laurence B Leonard, Virginia A Marchman
Purpose: This study tested the feasibility of a method designed to assess children's sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., Are the nice little dogs running?). We expected that a group of children who were proficient in auxiliary use would show this sensitivity, indicating an awareness of the relation between the subject-verb sequence (e.g., dogs running) and preceding information (e.g., are). Failure to grasp this relation is proposed to play a role in the protracted inconsistency in auxiliary use in children with specific language impairment (SLI)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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