keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

zebrafish

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922741/genomic-and-biochemical-characterization-of-sialic-acid-acetylesterase-siae-in-zebrafish
#1
Viola Ravasio, Eufemia Damiati, Daniela Zizioli, Flavia Orizio, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Marta Manzoni, Roberto Bresciani, Giuseppe Borsani, Eugenio Monti
Sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) removes acetyl moieties from the carbon 9 and 4 hydroxyl groups of sialic acid and recently a debate has been opened on its association to autoimmunity. Trying to get new insights on this intriguing enzyme we have studied siae in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In this teleost siae encodes for a polypeptide with a high degree of sequence identity to human and mouse counterparts. Zebrafish Siae behavior upon transient expression in COS7 cells is comparable to human enzyme concerning pH optimum of enzyme activity, subcellular localization and glycosylation...
October 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921928/inverted-formins-a-sub-family-of-atypical-formins
#2
REVIEW
Anna Hegsted, Curtis V Yingling, David Pruyne
Formins are a family of regulators of actin and microtubule dynamics that are present in almost all eukaryotes. These proteins are involved in many cellular processes, including cytokinesis, stress fiber formation, and cell polarization. Here we review one sub-family of formins, the inverted formins. Inverted formins as a group break several formin stereotypes, having atypical biochemical properties and domain organization, and they have been linked to kidney disease and neuropathy in humans. In this review, we will explore recent research on members of the inverted formin sub-family in mammals, zebrafish, fruit flies, and worms...
September 16, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920961/germline-mutations-affecting-the-histone-h4-core-cause-a-developmental-syndrome-by-altering-dna-damage-response-and-cell-cycle-control
#3
Federico Tessadori, Jacques C Giltay, Jane A Hurst, Maarten P Massink, Karen Duran, Harmjan R Vos, Robert M van Es, Richard H Scott, Koen L I van Gassen, Jeroen Bakkers, Gijs van Haaften
Covalent modifications of histones have an established role as chromatin effectors, as they control processes such as DNA replication and transcription, and repair or regulate nucleosomal structure. Loss of modifications on histone N tails, whether due to mutations in genes belonging to histone-modifying complexes or mutations directly affecting the histone tails, causes developmental disorders or has a role in tumorigenesis. More recently, modifications affecting the globular histone core have been uncovered as being crucial for DNA repair, pluripotency and oncogenesis...
September 18, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919937/gene-meter-accurate-abundance-calculations-of-gene-expression
#4
Alexander E Pozhitkov, Peter A Noble
We previously reported that thousands of transcripts in the mouse and zebrafish significantly increased in abundance in a time series spanning from life to several days after death. Transcript abundances were determined by: calibrating each microarray probe using a dilution series of pooled RNAs, fitting the probe-responses to adsorption models, and back-calculating abundances using the probe signal intensity of a sample and the best fitting model. The accuracy of the abundance measurements was not assessed in our previous study because individual transcript concentrations in the calibration pool were not known...
2017: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917662/successful-optic-nerve-regeneration-in-the-senescent-zebrafish-despite-age-related-decline-of-cell-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-response-processes
#5
Jessie Van Houcke, Ilse Bollaerts, Emiel Geeraerts, Benjamin Davis, An Beckers, Inge Van Hove, Kim Lemmens, Lies De Groef, Lieve Moons
Dysfunction of the central nervous system (CNS) in neurodegenerative diseases or after brain lesions seriously affects life quality of a growing number of elderly, since the adult CNS lacks the capacity to replace or repair damaged neurons. Despite intensive research efforts, full functional recovery after CNS disease and/or injury remains challenging, especially in an aging environment. As such, there is a rising need for an aging model in which the impact of aging on successful regeneration can be studied...
August 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917212/comparative-analytical-and-toxicological-assessment-of-methylcyclohexanemethanol-mchm-mixtures-associated-with-the-elk-river-chemical-spill
#6
Katharine A Horzmann, Chloe de Perre, Linda S Lee, Andrew J Whelton, Jennifer L Freeman
On January 9, 2014, a chemical mixture containing crude methylcyclohexanemethanol (MCHM) contaminated the water supply of Charleston, West Virginia. Although the mixture was later identified as a mix of crude MCHM and stripped propylene glycol phenyl ethers, initial risk assessment focused on 4-MCHM, the predominant component of crude MCHM. The mixture's exact composition and the toxicity differences between 4-MCHM, crude MCHM, and the tank mixture were unknown. We analyzed the chemical composition of crude MCHM and the tank mixture via GC/MS and, based on identified spectra, found that crude MCHM and the tank mixture differed in chemical composition...
September 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917210/single-and-mixture-toxicity-of-abamectin-and-difenoconazole-to-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#7
Ana Letícia Madeira Sanches, Bruna Horvath Vieira, Marina Vanderlei Reghini, Raquel Aparecida Moreira, Emanuela Cristina Freitas, Evaldo L G Espíndola, Michiel A Daam
Concerns have been raised in recent years on the potential risks related with pesticide mixtures that are likely to be present in agricultural edge-of-field waterbodies. Despite the high use of pesticides in tropical countries like Brazil, studies evaluating pesticide mixtures are especially scarce in the tropics. The insecticide abamectin and the fungicide difenoconazole are the main pesticides intensively used in Brazilian strawberry crop and are hence likely to occur simultaneously. The aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate the toxicity of abamectin, difenoconazole and their mixture to the tropical fish Danio rerio...
September 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916914/the-effects-of-protein-and-fiber-content-on-gut-structure-and-function-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#8
Samantha C Leigh, Bao-Quang Nguyen-Phuc, Donovan P German
Chemical reactor theory (CRT) suggests that the digestive tract functions as a chemical reactor for processing food. Presumably, gut structure and function should match diet to ensure adequate nutrient and energy uptake to maintain performance. Within CRT, dietary biochemical composition is the most important factor affecting gut structure and function in vertebrates. We fed Danio rerio (zebrafish) diets ranging from high- to moderate- to low-quality (i.e., ranging from high-protein, low-fiber to low-protein, high-fiber), and observed how gut length and surface area, as well as the activity levels of digestive enzymes (amylase, maltase, trypsin, aminopeptidase, and lipase) shifted in response to these dietary changes...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916626/contextual-fear-conditioning-in-zebrafish
#9
Justin W Kenney, Ian C Scott, Sheena A Josselyn, Paul W Frankland
Zebrafish are a genetically tractable vertebrate that hold considerable promise for elucidating the molecular basis of behavior. Although numerous recent advances have been made in the ability to precisely manipulate the zebrafish genome, much less is known about many aspects of learning and memory in adult fish. Here, we describe the development of a contextual fear conditioning paradigm using an electric shock as the aversive stimulus. We find that contextual fear conditioning is modulated by shock intensity, prevented by an established amnestic agent (MK-801), lasts at least 14 d, and exhibits extinction...
October 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916270/understanding-taurine-cns-activity-using-alternative-zebrafish-models
#10
REVIEW
Nathana J Mezzomo, Barbara D Fontana, Allan V Kalueff, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Denis B Rosemberg
Taurine is a highly abundant "amino acid" in the brain. Despite the potential neuroactive role of taurine in vertebrates has long been recognized, the underlying molecular mechanisms related to its pleiotropic effects in the brain remain poorly understood. Due to the genetic tractability, rich behavioral repertoire, neurochemical conservation, and small size, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as a powerful candidate for neuropsychopharmacology investigation and in vivo drug screening. Here, we summarize the main physiological roles of taurine in mammals, including neuromodulation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and antioxidant action...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915638/oleoylethanolamide-inhibits-%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-stimulated-melanogenesis-via-erk-akt-and-creb-signaling-pathways-in-b16-melanoma-cells
#11
Juan Zhou, Tong Ren, Ying Li, Anran Cheng, Wanyi Xie, Lanxi Xu, Lu Peng, Jinbin Lin, Lianxiang Lian, Yong Diao, Xin Jin, Lichao Yang
The present study aimed to examine the potential inhibitory activity of oleoylethanolamide (OEA) on α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated melanogenesis and the molecular mechanism(s) involved in the process in B16 mouse melanoma cells. Our data demonstrated that OEA markedly inhibited melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity in α-MSH-stimulated B16 cells. In addition, the expression of melanogenesis-related proteins, such as melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R), microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) and tyrosinase, was suppressed in a concentration-dependent manner by OEA...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915543/effects-of-diisononyl-phthalate-on-danio-rerio-reproduction
#12
Stefania Santangeli, Francesca Maradonna, Maya Zanardini, Valentina Notarstefano, Giorgia Gioacchini, Isabel Forner-Piquer, Hamid Habibi, Oliana Carnevali
Di-isononyl phthalate (DiNP) is a high molecular weight phthalate commonly used as a plasticizer. It was introduced as a replacement for bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) which is used in the production of plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The purpose of this study was to investigate for the first time the effect of DiNP on female reproductive physiology in Danio rerio. Fish were exposed to five different doses of DiNP plus control (0 μg/L; 0.42 μg/L; 4.2 μg/L; 42 μg/L; 420 μg/L; 4200 μg/L) for a period of 21 days...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915434/neutralization-of-viral-infectivity-by-zebrafish-c-reactive-protein-isoforms
#13
Melissa Bello-Perez, Alberto Falco, Regla Medina-Gali, Patricia Pereiro, Jose Antonio Encinar, Beatriz Novoa, Luis Perez, Julio Coll
This work explores the unexpected in vivo and in vitro anti-viral functions of the seven c-reactive protein (crp1-7) genes of zebrafish (Danio rerio). First results showed heterogeneous crp1-7 transcript levels in healthy wild-type zebrafish tissues and organs and how those levels heterogeneously changed not only after bacterial but also after viral infections, including those in adaptive immunity-deficient rag1(-/-) mutants. As shown by microarray hybridization and proteomic techniques, crp2/CRP2 and crp5/CRP5 transcripts/proteins were among the most modulated during in vivo viral infection situations including the highest responses in the absence of adaptive immunity...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914763/emerging-estrogenic-pollutants-in-the-aquatic-environment-and-breast-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Sylvain Lecomte, Denis Habauzit, Thierry D Charlier, Farzad Pakdel
The number and amount of man-made chemicals present in the aquatic environment has increased considerably over the past 50 years. Among these contaminants, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) represent a significant proportion. This family of compounds interferes with normal hormonal processes through multiple molecular pathways. They represent a potential risk for human and wildlife as they are suspected to be involved in the development of diseases including, but not limited to, reprotoxicity, metabolic disorders, and cancers...
September 15, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914588/interstitial-telomeric-repeats-associated-dna-breaks
#15
Olga Shubernetskaya, Dmitry Skvortsov, Sergey Evfratov, Maria Rubtsova, Elena Belova, Olga Strelkova, Varvara Cherepaninets, Oxana Zhironkina, Alexey Olovnikov, Maria Zvereva, Olga Dontsova, Igor Kireev
During a cell's lifespan, DNA break formation is a common event, associated with many processes, from replication to apoptosis. Most of DNA breaks are readily repaired, but some are meant to persist in time, such as the chromosome ends, protected by telomeres. Besides them, eukaryotic genomes comprise shorter stretches of interstitial telomeric repeats. We assumed that the latter may also be associated with the formation of DNA breaks meant to persist in time. In zebrafish and mouse embryos, cells containing numerous breakage foci were identified...
September 15, 2017: Nucleus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913702/impaired-fertility-and-motor-function-in-a-zebrafish-model-for-classic-galactosemia
#16
Jo M Vanoevelen, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo, Britt van Erven, Jörgen Bierau, Xiaoping Huang, Gerard T Berry, Rein Vos, Ana I Coelho
Classic galactosemia is a genetic disorder of galactose metabolism, caused by severe deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT) enzyme activity due to mutations of the GALT gene. Its pathogenesis is still not fully elucidated, and a therapy that prevents chronic impairments is lacking. In order to move research forward, there is a high need for a novel animal model, which allows organ studies throughout development and high-throughput screening of pharmacologic compounds. Here, we describe the generation of a galt knockout zebrafish model and present its phenotypical characterization...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913548/changes-in-histopathology-enzyme-activities-and-the-expression-of-relevant-genes-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-following-long-term-exposure-to-environmental-levels-of-thallium
#17
Li-Ping Hou, Yang Yang, Hu Shu, Guang-Guo Ying, Jian-Liang Zhao, Yi-Bing Chen, Yong-Heng Chen, Gui-Zhen Fang, Xin Li, Ji-Sheng Liu
Thallium is a rare-earth element, but widely distributed in water environments, posing a potential risk to our health. This study was designed to investigate the chronic effects of thallium based on physiological responses, gene expression, and changes in the activity of relevant enzymes in adult zebra fish exposed to thallium at low doses. The endpoints assessed include mRNA expression of metallothionein (MT)2 and heat shock protein HSP70; enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase; and the histopathology of gill, gonad, and liver tissues...
September 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912673/improving-the-delivery-of-sod1-antisense-oligonucleotides-to-motor-neurons-using-calcium-phosphate-lipid-nanoparticles
#18
Liyu Chen, Clare Watson, Marco Morsch, Nicholas J Cole, Roger S Chung, Darren N Saunders, Justin J Yerbury, Kara L Vine
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease affecting the upper and lower motor neurons in the motor cortex and spinal cord. Abnormal accumulation of mutant superoxide dismutase I (SOD1) in motor neurons is a pathological hallmark of some forms of the disease. We have shown that the orderly progression of the disease may be explained by misfolded SOD1 cell-to-cell propagation, which is reliant upon its active endogenous synthesis. Reducing the levels of SOD1 is therefore a promising therapeutic approach...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912276/cavin-2-regulates-the-activity-and-stability-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-enos-in-angiogenesis
#19
Gandhi T K Boopathy, Madhura Kulkarni, Sze Yuan Ho, Adrian Boey, Edmond Wei Min Chua, Veluchamy A Barathi, Tom J Carney, Xiaomeng Wang, Wanjin Hong
Angiogenesis is a highly regulated process for formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. Angiogenesis is dysregulated in various pathologies, including age-related macular degeneration, arthritis, and cancer. Inhibiting pathological angiogenesis therefore represents a promising therapeutic strategy for treating these disorders, highlighting the need to study angiogenesis in more detail. To this end, identifying the genes essential for blood vessel formation and elucidating their function are crucial for a complete understanding of angiogenesis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911205/a-zebrafish-model-of-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-recapitulates-key-disease-features-and-demonstrates-a-developmental-requirement-for-abcd1-in-oligodendrocyte-patterning-and-myelination
#20
Lauren R Strachan, Tamara J Stevenson, Briana Freshner, Matthew D Keefe, D Miranda Bowles, Joshua L Bonkowsky
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a devastating inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by defects in the ABCD1 gene and affecting peripheral and central nervous system myelin. ABCD1 encodes a peroxisomal transmembrane protein required for very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) metabolism. We show that zebrafish (Danio rerio) Abcd1 is highly conserved at the amino acid level with human ABCD1, and during development is expressed in homologous regions including the central nervous system and adrenal glands...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
keyword
keyword
2912
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"