Read by QxMD icon Read

Late talkers

Rosemary Hodges, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Karla K Mcgregor
PURPOSE: Assessing toddlers' speech is challenging. We explored responses made by late talkers and their typically developing peers in structured speech sampling contexts and determined if late talker subgroups could be identified. METHOD: Twenty-six late talkers and 26 age-matched typically developing toddlers participated in an expressive phonology assessment and an elicited non-word imitation test. We quantified the breadth of toddler responses used in a subset of monosyllabic stimuli from the toddler phonology assessment and in the non-word imitation test...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Natalya Kaganovich, Jennifer Schumaker, Courtney Rowland
BACKGROUND: Visual speech cues influence different aspects of language acquisition. However, whether developmental language disorders may be associated with atypical processing of visual speech is unknown. In this study, we used behavioral and ERP measures to determine whether children with a history of SLI (H-SLI) differ from their age-matched typically developing (TD) peers in the ability to match auditory words with corresponding silent visual articulations. METHODS: Nineteen 7-13-year-old H-SLI children and 19 age-matched TD children participated in the study...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Michelle Macroy-Higgins, Elizabeth A Montemarano
The purpose of this study was to examine attention allocation in toddlers who were late talkers and toddlers with typical language development while they were engaged in a word-learning task in order to determine if differences exist. Two-year-olds who were late talkers (11) and typically developing toddlers (11) were taught twelve novel pseudo-words for unfamiliar objects over ten training sessions. The toddlers' attention allocation during the word-learning sessions was measured as well as their comprehension of the newly learned words...
September 2016: Journal of Child Language
Dina Di Giacomo, Jessica Ranieri, Eliana Donatucci, Nicoletta Caputi, Domenico Passafiume
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Rosemary Hodges, Natalie Munro, Elise Baker, Karla McGregor, Rob Heard
BACKGROUND: Although verbal imitation can provide a valuable window into the developing language abilities of toddlers, some toddlers find verbal imitation challenging and will not comply with tests that involve elicited verbal imitation. The characteristics of stimuli that are offered to toddlers for imitation may influence how easy or hard it is for them to imitate. This study presents a new test of elicited imitation-the Monosyllable Imitation Test for Toddlers (MITT)-comprising stimuli of varying characteristics and test features designed to optimize compliance...
April 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Yuchun Chen, Feng-Ming Tsao, Huei-Mei Liu
This study used a longitudinal design to examine the development of mismatch responses (MMRs) to Mandarin lexical tones, an index of neural speech discriminative responses, in late talkers and typical controls at 3, 5, and 6 years of age. Lexical tones are phonetic suprasegments that distinguish the lexical meanings of syllables in tonal languages. The 2 year-old late talkers were later divided into persistent language delay and late bloomer groups according to their performance on standardized language tests at 4 years...
June 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Beverly Anne Collisson, Susan A Graham, Jonathan L Preston, M Sarah Rose, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk and protective factors for late talking in toddlers between 24 and 30 months of age in a large community-based cohort. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal pregnancy cohort of 1023 mother-infant pairs in metropolitan Calgary, Canada, were followed across 5 time points: before 25 weeks gestation, between 34-36 weeks gestation, and at 4, 12, and 24 months postpartum. Toddlers who scored ≤10th percentile on The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Sentences between 24 and 30 months of age were identified as late talkers...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Margaret Kehoe, Elisa Chaplin, Pauline Mudry, Margaret Friend
This study examined the relationship between phonological and lexical development in a group of French-speaking children (n=30), aged 29 months. The participants were divided into three sub-groups based on the number of words in their expressive vocabulary : low vocabulary (below the 15th percentile) (< late-talkers >) ; average-sized vocabulary (40-60th percentile) (< middle group >) and advanced vocabulary (above the 90th percentile) (< precocious > or "early talkers"). The phonological abilities (e...
September 2015: Reeducation Orthophonique
Martin Takac, Alistair Knott, Stephanie Stokes
In this paper, we investigate the effect of neighbourhood density (ND) on vocabulary size in a computational model of vocabulary development. A word has a high ND if there are many words phonologically similar to it. High ND words are more easily learned by infants of all abilities (e.g. Storkel, 2009; Stokes, 2014). We present a neural network model that learns general phonotactic patterns in the exposure language, as well as specific word forms and, crucially, mappings between word meanings and word forms...
February 17, 2016: Journal of Child Language
Michelle MacRoy-Higgins, Kevin Patrick Dalton
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of phonotactic probability on sublexical (phonological) and lexical representations in 3-year-olds who had a history of being late talkers in comparison with their peers with typical language development. METHOD: Ten 3-year-olds who were late talkers and 10 age-matched typically developing controls completed nonword repetition and fast mapping tasks; stimuli for both experimental procedures differed in phonotactic probability...
December 2015: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Gary R Kidd, Larry E Humes
A modified auditory n-back task was used to examine the ability of young and older listeners to remember the content of spoken messages presented from different locations. The messages were sentences from the Coordinative Response Measure (CRM) corpus, and the task was to judge whether a target word on the current trial was the same as in the most recent presentation from the same location (left, center, or right). The number of trials between comparison items (the number back) was varied while keeping the number of items to be held in memory (the number of locations) constant...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Fiona J Duff, Kate Nation, Kim Plunkett, Dvm Bishop
There is a lack of stability in language difficulties across early childhood: most late talkers (LTs) resolve their difficulties by pre-school; and a significant number of children who were not LTs subsequently manifest language difficulties. Greater reliability in predicting individual outcomes is needed, which might be achieved by waiting until later in development when language is more stable. At 18 months, productive vocabulary scores on the Oxford Communicative Developmental Inventory were used to classify children as LTs or average talkers (ATs)...
2015: PeerJ
Anne O'Hare, Lynne Bremner
The identification of developmental problems in a child's acquisition of speech, language and/or communication is a core activity in child surveillance. These are common difficulties with up to 15% of toddlers being 'late talkers' and 7% of children entering school with persisting impairments of their language development. These delays can confer disadvantages in the long term, adversely affecting language, cognition, academic attainment, behaviour and mental health. All children presenting with significant speech and language delay should be investigated with a comprehensive hearing assessment and be considered for speech and language therapy assessment...
March 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Erica M Ellis, Arielle Borovsky, Jeffrey L Elman, Julia L Evans
UNLABELLED: Infants, 18-24 months old who have difficulty learning words compared to their peers are often referred to as "late talkers" (LTs). These children are at risk for continued language delays as they grow older. One critical question is how to best identify which LTs will have language disorders, such as Specific Language Impairment (SLI) at school age, in order to maximize the opportunity for early and appropriate intervention and support. Recent research suggests that LTs are not only slower to learn and speak words than their peers, but are also slower to recognize and interpret known words in real time...
November 2015: Journal of Communication Disorders
Dorothy Vm Bishop, Georgina Holt, Elizabeth Line, David McDonald, Sarah McDonald, Helen Watt
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/1866-1955-4-3.].
2015: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
P Kühn, S Sachse, W von Suchodoletz
BACKGROUND: 30-50% of late talkers catch-up their language delay during the third year of life. So far it is unclear whether this is a permanent or an illusionary recovery. The aim of the study was to examine the further language development of late bloomers. METHOD: Language skills of 83 three-year-old children (16 late bloomers [LB], 29 late talkers [LT] with persistent language problems, 38 Non-LT) were assessed with a standardized language test. Before school entry formal language skills, expressive and receptive vocabulary and precursors of written language (verbal memory, phonological awareness, verbal information-processing speed) were assessed...
July 2015: Klinische Pädiatrie
Leslie Rescorla, Hannah L Turner
PURPOSE: This study reports age 5 morphology and syntax skills in late talkers identified at age 2 (n=34) and typically developing comparison children (n=20). RESULTS: The late talkers manifested significant morphological delays at ages 3 and 4 relative to comparison peers. Based on the 14 morphemes analyzed at age 5, the only significant group difference was on the third person regular -s inflection. This was also the only significant difference when we compared late talkers with continuing delay, late bloomers (who scored within 1 standard deviation of the comparison group in mean length of utterance), and typically developing peers...
April 2015: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Fiona J Duff, Gurpreet Reen, Kim Plunkett, Kate Nation
BACKGROUND: Strong associations between infant vocabulary and school-age language and literacy skills would have important practical and theoretical implications: Preschool assessment of vocabulary skills could be used to identify children at risk of reading and language difficulties, and vocabulary could be viewed as a cognitive foundation for reading. However, evidence to date suggests predictive ability from infant vocabulary to later language and literacy is low. This study provides an investigation into, and interpretation of, the magnitude of such infant to school-age relationships...
August 2015: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Stephan Getzmann, Jörg Lewald, Michael Falkenstein
Speech understanding in complex and dynamic listening environments requires (a) auditory scene analysis, namely auditory object formation and segregation, and (b) allocation of the attentional focus to the talker of interest. There is evidence that pre-information is actively used to facilitate these two aspects of the so-called "cocktail-party" problem. Here, a simulated multi-talker scenario was combined with electroencephalography to study scene analysis and allocation of attention in young and middle-aged adults...
2014: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Kakia Petinou, George Spanoudis
OBJECTIVES: The present study focused on examining the continuity and directionality of language skills in late talkers (LTs) and identifying factors which might contribute to language outcomes at the age of 3 years. METHODS: Subjects were 23 Cypriot-Greek-speaking toddlers classified as LTs and 24 age-matched typically developing peers (TDs). Participants were assessed at 28, 32 and 36 months, using various linguistic measures such as size of receptive and expressive vocabulary, mean length of utterance (MLU) of words and number of consonants produced...
2014: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"