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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352708/a-systematic-review-and-discussion-of-symptom-specific-cognitive-behavioural-approaches-to-delusions-and-hallucinations
#1
Tania M Lincoln, Emmanuelle Peters
Studies on cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) have developed from evaluating generic approaches to focusing on specific symptoms. The evidence for targeted studies on delusions and hallucinations was reviewed. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of individualized CBT-based interventions focusing either on delusions or on hallucinations. Twelve suitable RCTs were identified. Four RCTs focused on delusions, of which three took a focused approach targeting mechanisms assumed causal to persecutory delusions...
January 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352208/abnormal-speech-motor-control-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletions
#2
Carly Demopoulos, Hardik Kothare, Danielle Mizuiri, Jennifer Henderson-Sabes, Brieana Fregeau, Jennifer Tjernagel, John F Houde, Elliott H Sherr, Srikantan S Nagarajan
Speech and motor deficits are highly prevalent (>70%) in individuals with the 600 kb BP4-BP5 16p11.2 deletion; however, the mechanisms that drive these deficits are unclear, limiting our ability to target interventions and advance treatment. This study examined fundamental aspects of speech motor control in participants with the 16p11.2 deletion. To assess capacity for control of voice, we examined how accurately and quickly subjects changed the pitch of their voice within a trial to correct for a transient perturbation of the pitch of their auditory feedback...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351354/the-effects-of-intensive-speech-treatment-on-conversational-intelligibility-in-spanish-speakers-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Gemma Moya-Galé, Alireza Goudarzi, Àngels Bayés, Megan McAuliffe, Bram Bulté, Erika S Levy
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intensive speech treatment on the conversational intelligibility of Castilian Spanish speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD), as well as on the speakers' self-perceptions of disability. Method: Fifteen speakers with a medical diagnosis of PD participated in this study. Speech recordings were completed twice before treatment, immediately posttreatment, and at a 1-month follow-up session. Conversational intelligibility was assessed in 2 ways-transcription accuracy scores and intelligibility ratings on a 9-point Likert scale...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347983/experiences-of-an-internet-based-support-and-coaching-model-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#4
Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is also a lack of qualitative studies providing in-depth insight into these individuals' own experiences within this area. The current study aimed to explore how adolescents and young adults with ADHD, ASD or both experienced taking part in an internet-based support and coaching intervention...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346796/background-factors-and-subjective-voice-symptoms-in-patients-with-acquired-vocal-fold-scarring-and-sulcus-vocalis
#5
Emma Malmström, Stellan Hertegård
OBJECTIVE: Vocal fold scarring (VFS) and sulcus vocalis (SV) often result in severe and chronic voice disorders. This study compares subjective voice complaints as rated with the Voice Handicap Index and etiological factors for patients with VFS and SV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, for 27 VFS patients and 27 SV patients. Descriptive background factors were compared between the groups and data were compared from the Swedish Voice Handicap Index (Sw-VHI) questionnaires...
January 18, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346486/treatment-outcomes-and-adverse-events-following-in-office-angiolytic-laser-with-or-without-concurrent-polypectomy-for-vocal-fold-polyps
#6
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang, Feng-Chuan Lin, Li-Jen Liao, Wu-Chia Lo, Po-Wen Cheng
Importance: In-office angiolytic laser procedures have been used successfully as an alternative treatment for vocal fold polyps; little is known in detail about the treatment outcomes and adverse events. Objective: To examine the outcomes and incidence rates of adverse events associated with in-office angiolytic laser procedures with or without concurrent polypectomy as an alternative treatment for vocal fold polyps. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at a tertiary medical center...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344405/lee-silverman-voice-treatment-versus-standard-speech-and-language-therapy-versus-control-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-pd-comm-pilot
#7
Catherine M Sackley, Christina H Smith, Caroline E Rick, Marian C Brady, Natalie Ives, Smitaa Patel, Rebecca Woolley, Francis Dowling, Ramilla Patel, Helen Roberts, Sue Jowett, Keith Wheatley, Debbie Kelly, Gina Sands, Carl E Clarke
Background: Speech-related problems are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there is little evidence for the effectiveness of standard speech and language therapy (SLT) or Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT LOUD®). Methods: The PD COMM pilot was a three-arm, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial (RCT) of LSVT LOUD®, SLT and no intervention (1:1:1 ratio) to assess the feasibility and to inform the design of a full-scale RCT. Non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and speech problems and no SLT for speech problems in the past 2 years were eligible...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341952/a-pharmacological-review-leptadenia-reticulata-wight-arn-jivanti-the-real-life-giving-plant
#8
Jayesh M Dhalani, Pankaj B Nariya
The present review reveals a comprehensive description of various pharmacological studies carried out on Leptadenia reticulata, a source of several active compounds, i.e. Leptadenia reticulata plant belonging to family Asclepiadaceae, it is also known as 'Jivanti', used for the treatment of various ailments in human civilization as well as used in folk medicine as a remedy in various reported herbal formulations. The plant has been found to exhibit diverse pharmacological activities like antibacterial activity, anticancer activity, lactogenic eff ect, antioxidant activity, anti-implantation activity, anti-asthmatic activity, modulating eff ect, activity of silver nano particles, hepatoprotective activity, antifungal activity, antidiabetic activity and anti-infl ammatory activity...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338292/temporalis-fascia-transplantation-for-sulcus-vocalis-and-vocal-fold-scar-long-term-outcomes
#9
William E Karle, Samuel N Helman, Amy Cooper, Yuan Zhang, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVE: Sulcus vocalis and vocal fold scar involve derangement of the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, which results in significant dysphonia. Many options exist for treatment, most of which have unsatisfactory and unpredictable outcomes. Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold (ATFV) has the potential to be a better treatment option, but long-term outcomes have not been well studied. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and patient survey...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333030/multiple-myeloma-presenting-as-thyroid-plasmacytoma
#10
Kaalindi Singh, Pankaj Kumar, Ritesh Pruthy, Gautam Goyal
Thyroid gland and thyroid cartilage infiltration in multiple myeloma (MM) are rare. Here, we discuss a patient who presented with hoarseness of voice and was found to have a hypodense lesion in right lobe of thyroid involving thyroid and cricoid cartilage. Fine-needle aspiration cytology with immunohistochemistry revealed extramedullary plasmacytoma of thyroid. MM was ruled out initially by serum protein electrophoresis, immunofixation, and bone marrow biopsy. Later, lytic lesions were found in multiple bones on radiation planning scan and he was finally diagnosed as case of MM with thyroid involvement...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#11
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326026/treatment-outcomes-of-bilateral-medialization-thyroplasty-for-presbylaryngis
#12
Jordan J Allensworth, Karla O'Dell, Aaron Ziegler, Linda Bryans, Paul Flint, Joshua Schindler
BACKGROUND: Presbylaryngis is a common cause of dysphonia in elderly patients. Type I thyroplasty serves to improve glottic closure and vocal quality by correcting bowing. Although unilateral and injection-based procedures are well-characterized in the treatment of broadly defined glottic insufficiency, there are insufficient outcomes data for bilateral medialization thyroplasty in the treatment of presbylaryngis. The aim of this study was to review the change in measures of vocal quality before and after bilateral medialization thyroplasty for presbylaryngis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326024/aerodynamic-characteristics-of-syllable-and-sentence-productions-in-normal-speakers
#13
Cedric Thiel, Jin Yang, Brianna Crawley, Priya Krishna, Thomas Murry
BACKGROUND: Aerodynamic measures of subglottic air pressure (Ps) and airflow rate (AFR) are used to select behavioral voice therapy versus surgical treatment for voice disorders. However, these measures are usually taken during a series of syllables, which differs from conversational speech. Repeated syllables do not share the variation found in even simple sentences, and patients may use their best rather than typical voice unless specifically instructed otherwise. This study examined the potential differences in estimated Ps and AFR in syllable and sentence production and their effects on a measure of vocal efficiency in normal speakers...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318699/-it-breaks-your-soul-an-in-depth-exploration-of-workplace-injustice-in-nursing
#14
Natalie Skinner, Paul Van Dijk, Christina Stothard, Erich C Fein
AIM(S): To understand nurses' experiences of injustice in the workplace and to identify the impact of injustice on well-being. BACKGROUND: Little is known about how nurses view injustice or its effects on their well-being, although research indicates that such perceptions are central to workplace practices such as performance management and outcomes such as employee well-being. METHOD(S): A qualitative study was conducted with semi-structured interviews for nurses employed in Australian public hospitals...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316338/efficacy-of-automatic-bolus-calculator-with-automatic-speech-recognition-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#15
Piotr Foltynski, Piotr Ladyzynski, Ewa Pankowska, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Patients using an insulin pump as part of their diabetes treatment need to calculate insulin bolus to compensate for a meal. Some patients do not modify their meal boluses according to the changing amount and composition of food products in a meal. The lack of correct meal boluses leads to unstable, and therefore harmful blood glucose levels. The aim of the current study was to test the system supporting bolus determination based on the voice description of a meal. METHODS: The developed bolus calculator consists of the smartphone application and three remote servers for automatic speech recognition, text analysis, and insulin dosage calculation...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314074/efficacy-of-type-i-thyroplasty-after-endoscopic-cordectomy-for-early-stage-glottic-cancer-literature-review
#16
Caitlin Bertelsen, Lindsay Reder
OBJECTIVE: As phonomicrosurgical techniques have evolved, endoscopic cordectomy (EC) has been used more commonly for early-stage glottic cancer. Patients undergoing more extensive surgery often experience significant postoperative dysphonia for which there is no standard treatment. Surgical options include injection laryngoplasty and thyroplasty. We reviewed the literature to evaluate the efficacy of thyroplasty after EC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify studies of adults undergoing thyroplasty for dysphonia after EC for glottic cancer...
January 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310885/characteristics-of-a-treatment-seeking-population-in-a-private-practice-community-voice-clinic-an-epidemiologic-study
#17
Christopher R Watts, Kristie Knickerbocker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate epidemiologic characteristics of a treatment-seeking population referred to a private practice community voice clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patient files representing evaluation referrals over a 28-month period were reviewed. Variables tabulated from records included disorder diagnosis, age, gender, perceptual voice quality ratings, and self-perceived voice handicap at initial evaluation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307665/effects-of-ketamine-on-vocal-impairment-gait-changes-and-anhedonia-induced-by-bilateral-6-ohda-infusion-into-the-substantia-nigra-pars-compacta-in-rats-therapeutic-implications-for-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Débora Dalla Vecchia, Luiz Kae Sales Kanazawa, Etiéli Wendler, Palloma de Almeida Soares Hocayen, Estevan Bruginski, Francinete Ramos Campos, Cristina Aparecida Jark Stern, Maria Aparecida Barbato Frazão Vital, Edmar Miyoshi, Markus Wöhr, Rainer K W Schwarting, Roberto Andreatini
Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cardinal motor features, such as bradykinesia, but also vocal deficits (e.g. difficulties to articulate words and to keep the tone of voice) and depression. In the present study, rats with bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the substantia nigra pars compacta were evaluated for changes in the emission of 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations, gait impairment (catwalk test), and depressive-like behaviour (sucrose preference test).Furthermore, we evaluated the effect of repeated treatment (28 days) with ketamine (5, 10, and 15 mg/kg, ip, once per week) or imipramine (15 mg/kg, ip, daily)...
January 4, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306525/cricoarytenoid-joint-ankylosis-classification-and-transoral-laser-microsurgical-treatment
#19
Ihab Atallah, Manjunath Mk, Ahmad Al Omari, Christian Adrien Righini, Paul F Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe a graduated approach for effective transoral mobilization of cricoarytenoid joint ankylosis (CJA) in the context of the Bogdasarian system of classifying posterior glottic web-based stenosis (PGWS). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study through data from medical records and operative notes. A consecutive series of 23 patients who underwent reconstructive transoral laser microsurgery for PGWS with a significant degree of CJA (Bogdasarian grade III-IV) was included in the study...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306524/the-singer-s-and-the-clinician-s-perspective-on-vitamin-b12-treatment-for-vocal-benefits
#20
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Christian X Lava, Edie R Hapner, Karla O'Dell, Lindsay Reder, Michael M Johns
INTRODUCTION: There is a belief among vocalists that there are voice benefits from vitamin B12 treatment. Yet there are no previous reports regarding vitamin B12 effects on voice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin B12 use among singers and their beliefs regarding vitamin B12 therapy. METHODS: Anonymous online survey administered to singers, singing-teachers, speech-language pathologists, and laryngologists. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants completed the surveys; 128 singers (68 singing-teachers, 30 speech-language pathologists) and 64 laryngologists...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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