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Preschool language delay

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749665/contribution-of-parenting-to-complex-syntax-development-in-preschool-children-with-developmental-delays-or-typical-development
#1
C T Moody, B L Baker, J Blacher
BACKGROUND: Despite studies of how parent-child interactions relate to early child language development, few have examined the continued contribution of parenting to more complex language skills through the preschool years. The current study explored how positive and negative parenting behaviours relate to growth in complex syntax learning from child age 3 to age 4 years, for children with typical development or developmental delays (DDs). METHODS: Participants were children with or without DD (N = 60) participating in a longitudinal study of development...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732729/language-development-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-children-with-additional-disabilities-type-matters
#2
L Cupples, T Y C Ching, G Leigh, L Martin, M Gunnourie, L Button, V Marnane, S Hou, V Zhang, C Flynn, P Van Buynder
BACKGROUND: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). METHOD: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years of age using the Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Fourth Edition. Standard scores were used to enable comparison with age-based expectations for typically developing children...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705533/association-between-enterovirus-infection-and-speech-and-language-impairments-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#3
Tai-Hsin Hung, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ching-Shu Tsai, Mong-Liang Lu, Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Kuo-You Huang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Delay and impairment in Speech and language are common developmental problems in younger populations. Hitherto, there has been minimal study of the association between common childhood infections (e.g. enterovirus [EV]) and speech and language. The impetus for evaluating this association is provided by evidence linking inflammation to neurodevelopmental disorders. Herein we sought to determine whether an association exists between EV infection and subsequent diagnoses of speech and language impairments in a nationwide population-based sample in Taiwan...
April 26, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704856/fast-mapping-word-meanings-across-trials-young-children-forget-all-but-their-first-guess
#4
Athulya Aravind, Jill de Villiers, Amy Pace, Hannah Valentine, Roberta Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsch-Pasek, Aquiles Iglesias, Mary Sweig Wilson
Do children learn a new word by tracking co-occurrences between words and referents across multiple instances ("cross-situational learning" models), or is word-learning a "one-track" process, where learners maintain a single hypothesis about the possible referent, which may be verified or falsified in future occurrences ("propose-but-verify" models)? Using a novel word-learning task, we ask which learning procedure is utilized by preschool-aged children. We report on findings from three studies comparing the word-learning strategies across different populations of child learners: monolingual English learners, Spanish - English dual language learners, and learners at risk for language-delay...
April 25, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685618/neurodevelopment-of-infants-with-and-without-craniofacial-microsomia
#5
Matthew L Speltz, Kathleen A Kapp-Simon, Alexis L Johns, Erin R Wallace, Brent R Collett, Leanne Magee, Brian G Leroux, Daniela V Luquetti, Carrie L Heike
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether infant cases with craniofacial microsomia (CFM) evidence poorer neurodevelopmental status than demographically similar infants without craniofacial diagnoses ("controls"), and to examine cases' neurodevelopmental outcomes by facial phenotype and hearing status. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, observational study of 108 cases and 84 controls aged 12-24 months. Participants were assessed by the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition and the Preschool Language Scales-Fifth Edition (PLS-5)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484362/an-initial-investigation-of-the-neural-correlates-of-word-processing-in-preschoolers-with-specific-language-impairment
#6
Eileen Haebig, Laurence Leonard, Evan Usler, Patricia Deevy, Christine Weber
Purpose: Previous behavioral studies have found deficits in lexical-semantic abilities in children with specific language impairment (SLI), including reduced depth and breadth of word knowledge. This study explored the neural correlates of early emerging familiar word processing in preschoolers with SLI and typical development. Method: Fifteen preschoolers with typical development and 15 preschoolers with SLI were presented with pictures followed after a brief delay by an auditory label that did or did not match...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456440/maltreated-children-use-more-grammatical-negations
#7
Franziska Knolle, Claire D Vallotton, Catherine C Ayoub
Many studies reveal a strong impact of childhood maltreatment on language development, mainly resulting in shorter utterances, less rich vocabulary, or a delay in grammatical complexity. However, different theories suggest the possibility for resilience-a positive adaptation to an otherwise adverse environment-in children who experienced childhood maltreatment. Here, we investigated different measures for language development in spontaneous speech, examining whether childhood maltreatment leads to a language deficit only or whether it can also result in differences in language use due to a possible adaptation to a toxic environment...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322277/language-delay-and-externalizing-problems-in-preschool-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Mari Vaage Wang, Leif Edvard Aarø, Eivind Ystrom
This study sought to examine the direction of causation between language delay and two externalizing problems; inattention and aggression. Autoregressive fixed effects models were fitted to data from 25,474 children (age 1.5 to 5 years; 50.8% boys) in the population-based longitudinal Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), to model the direction of causality for language delay and inattention and aggression, respectively. The most parsimonious model for the relationship between language delay and inattention was one where both common factors and reciprocal causation were estimated...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#9
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
January 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209697/false-belief-development-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing-compared-with-peers-with-normal-hearing
#10
Elizabeth A Walker, Sophie E Ambrose, Jacob Oleson, Mary Pat Moeller
Purpose: This study investigates false belief (FB) understanding in children who are hard of hearing (CHH) compared with children with normal hearing (CNH) at ages 5 and 6 years and at 2nd grade. Research with this population has theoretical significance, given that the early auditory-linguistic experiences of CHH are less restricted compared with children who are deaf but not as complete as those of CNH. Method: Participants included CHH and CNH who had completed FB tasks as part of a larger multicenter, longitudinal study on outcomes of children with mild-to-severe hearing loss...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158765/usefulness-of-the-korean-developmental-screening-test-for-infants-and-children-for-the-evaluation-of-developmental-delay-in-korean-infants-and-children-a-single-center-study
#11
Chung-Hyuk Yim, Gun-Ha Kim, Baik-Lin Eun
Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of the Korean Developmental Screening Test (K-DST) for infants and children for developmental delay assessment. Methods: This study was based on retrospective studies of the results of the K-DST, Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale (PRES), Sequenced Language Scale for Infants (SELSI), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging, and extensive tests conducted in 209 of 1,403 patients, of whom 758 underwent the K-DST at the Korea University Guro Hospital between January 2015 and December 2016 and 645 were referred from local clinics between January 2015 and June 2016...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126347/language-profiles-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-community-sample-using-multiple-assessment-instruments
#12
Rose Nevill, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ensu Sahin, Johanna Zadek, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and Vineland-II parent-report. The study aimed to determine whether the receptive-to-expressive language profile is independent from the assessment instrument used, and whether nonverbal cognition, early communicative behaviors, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms predict language scores...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065281/preschool-intervention-can-promote-sustained-growth-in-the-executive-function-skills-of-children-exhibiting-early-deficits
#13
Tyler R Sasser, Karen L Bierman, Brenda Heinrichs, Robert L Nix
This study examined the effects of the Head Start Research-Based, Developmentally Informed (REDI) preschool intervention on growth in children's executive-function (EF) skills from preschool through third grade. Across 25 Head Start centers, each of 44 classrooms was randomly assigned either to an intervention group, which received enhanced social-emotional and language-literacy components, or to a "usual-practice" control group. Four-year-old children ( N = 356; 25% African American, 17% Latino, 58% European American; 54% girls) were followed for 5 years, and EF skills were assessed annually...
December 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992767/sensitivity-of-expressive-linguistic-domains-to-surgery-age-and-audibility-of-speech-in-preschoolers-with-cochlear-implants
#14
Johanna G Nicholas, Ann E Geers
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether relative delays among domains exist in the conversational use of vocabulary, syntax, and morphology by children with cochlear implants (CIs) and whether these were differentially affected by age of implantation (AOI) and the audibility of speech. METHODS: Participants in this short-term longitudinal study were 126 children with AOI of 6-38 months and a matched group of 30 children without hearing loss. Language samples of the same children at ages 3...
January 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863583/speech-rate-rate-matching-and-intelligibility-in-early-implanted-cochlear-implant-users
#15
Valerie Freeman, David B Pisoni
An important speech-language outcome for deaf people with cochlear implants is speech intelligibility-how well their speech is understood by others, which also affects social functioning. Beyond simply uttering recognizable words, other speech-language skills may affect communicative competence, including rate-matching or converging toward interlocutors' speech rates. This initial report examines speech rate-matching and its relations to intelligibility in 91 prelingually deaf cochlear implant users and 93 typically hearing peers age 3 to 27 years...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793161/visuospatial-and-verbal-short-term-memory-correlates-of-vocabulary-ability-in-preschool-children
#16
Stephanie F Stokes, Thomas Klee, Myriam Kornisch, Lisa Furlong
Background: Recent studies indicate that school-age children's patterns of performance on measures of verbal and visuospatial short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) differ across types of neurodevelopmental disorders. Because these disorders are often characterized by early language delay, administering STM and WM tests to toddlers could improve prediction of neurodevelopmental outcomes. Toddler-appropriate verbal, but not visuospatial, STM and WM tasks are available. A toddler-appropriate visuospatial STM test is introduced...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671266/improving-language-comprehension-in-preschool-children-with-language-difficulties-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Åste M Hagen, Monica Melby-Lervåg, Arne Lervåg
BACKGROUND: Children with language comprehension difficulties are at risk of educational and social problems, which in turn impede employment prospects in adulthood. However, few randomized trials have examined how such problems can be ameliorated during the preschool years. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in 148 preschool classrooms. Our intervention targeted language comprehension skills and lasted 1 year and 1 month, with five blocks of 6 weeks and intervention three times per week (about 75 min per week)...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638330/flat-vs-expressive-storytelling-young-children-s-learning-and-retention-of-a-social-robot-s-narrative
#18
Jacqueline M Kory Westlund, Sooyeon Jeong, Hae W Park, Samuel Ronfard, Aradhana Adhikari, Paul L Harris, David DeSteno, Cynthia L Breazeal
Prior research with preschool children has established that dialogic or active book reading is an effective method for expanding young children's vocabulary. In this exploratory study, we asked whether similar benefits are observed when a robot engages in dialogic reading with preschoolers. Given the established effectiveness of active reading, we also asked whether this effectiveness was critically dependent on the expressive characteristics of the robot. For approximately half the children, the robot's active reading was expressive; the robot's voice included a wide range of intonation and emotion (Expressive)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594429/effects-of-serial-and-concurrent-training-on-receptive-identification-tasks-a-systematic-replication
#19
Kara L Wunderlich, Timothy R Vollmer
The current study compared the use of serial and concurrent methods to train multiple exemplars when teaching receptive language skills, providing a systematic replication of Wunderlich, Vollmer, Donaldson, and Phillips (2014). Five preschoolers diagnosed with developmental delays or autism spectrum disorders were taught to receptively identify letters or letter sounds. Subjects learned the target stimuli slightly faster in concurrent training and a high degree of generalization was obtained following both methods of training, indicating that both the serial and concurrent methods of training are efficient and effective instructional procedures...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586433/speech-intelligibility-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-deaf-children-and-teens-with-cochlear-implants
#20
Valerie Freeman, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos
Deaf children with cochlear implants (CIs) are at risk for psychosocial adjustment problems, possibly due to delayed speech-language skills. This study investigated associations between a core component of spoken-language ability-speech intelligibility-and the psychosocial development of prelingually deaf CI users. Audio-transcription measures of speech intelligibility and parent reports of psychosocial behaviors were obtained for two age groups (preschool, school-age/teen). CI users in both age groups scored more poorly than typically hearing peers on speech intelligibility and several psychosocial scales...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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