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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351598/smooth-muscle-cells-of-intracranial-vessels-from-development-to-disease
#1
Juhana Frösen, Anne Joutel
Cerebrovascular diseases that cause ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke with subsequent loss of life or functional capacity due to damage of the brain tissue are among the leading causes of human suffering and economic burden inflicted by diseases in the developed world. Diseases affecting intracranial vessels are significant contributors to ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVM), which are a collection of abnormal blood vessels connecting arteries to veins, are the most common cause of intracranial hemorrhage in children and young adults...
January 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351182/the-management-of-partial-zone-ii-intrasynovial-flexor-tendon-lacerations-a-literature-review-of-biomechanics-clinical-outcomes-and-complications
#2
Kyle D Lineberry, Shirley Shue, Kyle J Chepla
BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma or lacerations within zone II of the flexor sheath may result in partial tendon injury. The proper management of this injury is controversial; the literature contains differing indications for surgical treatment and post-operative rehabilitation. METHODS: A literature review of the Cochrane, Medline and Pubmed databases was performed using the following search criteria: partial, flexor, tendon, laceration. All English language studies that evaluated biomechanical strength, complications, and outcomes after partial tendon injury in human and animal studies were included and reviewed by two of the authors...
January 12, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350999/sex-differences-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#3
Austin Boese, Lin Chang, Ke-Jie Yin, Y Eugene Chen, Jean-Pyo Lee, Milton H Hamblin
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disorder with a high case fatality rate in the instance of rupture. AAA is a multifactorial disease and the etiology is still not fully understood. AAA is more likely to occur in men, but women have a greater risk of rupture and worse prognosis. Women are reportedly protected against AAA possibly by premenopausal levels of estrogen and are, on average, diagnosed at older ages than men. Here, we review the current body of research on AAA pathophysiology in humans, animal models, and cultured cells, with an emphasis on sex differences and sex steroid hormone signaling...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350591/clip-ligation-for-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-in-a-child-with-loeys-dietz-syndrome-case-report
#4
Steven B Carr, Greg Imbarrato, Robert E Breeze, C Corbett Wilkinson
The authors present the case of a pediatric patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) who underwent craniotomy for clip ligation of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. To the authors' knowledge, this is the youngest reported patient with LDS who has been treated for a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. The patient presented with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage even though the results of surveillance screening were negative, and the aneurysm arose from the wall of the parent artery away from an arterial branch point...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350368/clinical-features-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-pulmonary-pseudocysts
#5
Seray Hazer, Umut Perçem Orhan Söylemez
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts (TPP) are rare complications of blunt chest trauma. The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of this rare entity with imaging and clinical parameters for preventing complications and determining the correct treatment approach by observing 15 cases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical data and thoracic computed tomography scans of 185 patients who underwent examinations in our department after chest trauma between July 2014 and December 2015...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350201/moth-eye-mimetic-cytocompatible-bactericidal-nanotopography-a-convergent-design
#6
Felipe Viela, Iván Navarro-Baena, Jaime J Hernández, Manuel R Osorio, Isabel Rodriguez
The rapid emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria has prompted the need for radically different approaches to combat bacterial infections. Among these, bioinspired surface topographies have emerged as an effective sustainable strategy to deter bacterial infection. This study demonstrates the bactericidal activity and cytocompatibility of the moth eye mimetic topography produced by thermal polymer nanoimprinting. The moth eye topography was found to have bactericidal capabilities against Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria...
January 19, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349984/-risk-factors-analysis-on-wound-complications-after-closed-calcaneal-frature-operation-using-lateral-extensive-l-shaped-incision
#7
Xin-Xing Fan, Yang Shen, Wen-Long Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of wound complications after closed calcaneal fracture operation using a lateral extensive L-shaped incision and to explore the effective interventions to reduce the complications after incision. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of 285 patients(315 calcaneal fractures) who underwent open reduction and internal fixation by using the lateral extensive L-shaped incision from January 2011 to January 2015. Eighteen factors which might cause the complications of calcaneal incision were compared by univariate analysis, and multiple Logistic regression analysis was performed for factors with statistically significances...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349843/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-39-pregnancies-and-a-literature-review
#8
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349668/serum-mmp-9-diagnostics-prognostics-and-activation-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-its-recurrence
#9
Laura Lahdentausta, Jaakko Leskelä, Alina Winkelmann, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa, Erkki Pesonen, Pirkko J Pussinen
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is crucial in atherosclerotic plaque rupture and tissue remodeling after a cardiac event. The balance between MMP-9 and endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), is important in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This is an age- and gender-matched case-control study of ACS (N = 669). Patients (45.7%) were resampled after recovery, and all were followed up for 6 years. The molecular forms of MMP-9 were investigated by gelatin zymography...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349438/idiopathic-internal-mammary-artery-aneurysm-in-the-setting-of-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery
#10
Tariq Almerey, Ricardo Paz-Fumagalli, Houssam Farres, Warner A Oldenburg, Albert G Hakaim
Aneurysms of the internal mammary artery are extremely rare. Immediate treatment is necessary because of the high risk of rupture that can be life-threatening. Here we describe a case of idiopathic internal mammary artery aneurysm in a 54-year-old woman in the setting of aberrant right subclavian artery. The aneurysm was successfully treated with coil embolization without complications.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349435/emergency-endovascular-coiling-of-a-ruptured-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm
#11
Erika Wernheden, Anne-Sofie Brenøe, Saeid Shahidi
Splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are the third most common abdominal aneurysm. Endovascular treatment of SAAs is preferred, and coiling is the most commonly used technique. Ruptured giant (>5 cm) SAAs are usually treated with open surgery including splenectomy. We present a rare case of a ruptured 15-cm giant SAA in an 84-year-old woman treated successfully with emergency endovascular coiling. To our knowledge, this is one of the few reports of emergency endovascular treatment for ruptured giant SAA.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349432/aortic-arch-banding-procedure-for-proximal-type-i-endoleak-after-thoracic-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-with-the-chimney-technique
#12
Genta Chikazawa, Arudo Hiraoka, Koichi Inoue, Kentaro Tamura, Taichi Sakaguchi, Hidenori Yoshitaka
An aortic arch banding procedure was performed on an 82-year-old man for treatment of proximal type I endoleaks 2 days after he had undergone emergency thoracic endovascular aortic repair with the chimney technique for a ruptured aortic arch aneurysm. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography after the second procedure demonstrated significant shrinkage of the aneurysmal sac as well as a complete disappearance of the endoleaks. The basic concept of this technique is to treat the type IA endoleak, including possible gutter endoleaks, by creating a new proximal seal zone distal to the chimney graft using a banding technique...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349423/ruptured-giant-popliteal-artery-aneurysm
#13
Minji Cho, Sanghyun Ahn, Sang-Il Min, Seung-Kee Min
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349422/hybrid-management-of-a-ruptured-right-subclavian-artery-aneurysm-dissection
#14
David Drullinsky, Heather Gill, Jason P Bayne, Jean-Francois Morin, Daniel Obrand
Aberrant right subclavian artery is the most common congenital malformation of the aortic arch (0.4%-2.0%). Aneurysms of aberrant subclavian arteries are extremely rare. This results in little experience with their treatment. We describe a case of a patient who presented to the emergency department with a dissection of an aberrant right subclavian artery that later progressed to rupture. Besides hemodynamic instability, this caused an acute superior vena cava syndrome, making airway control difficult. In the operating room, we obtained proximal control through thoracic endovascular aortic repair; median sternotomy was performed for distal control and evacuation of massive hemomediastinum...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349421/large-diameter-inferior-mesenteric-artery-in-a-case-involving-a-ruptured-common-iliac-artery-aneurysm
#15
Shinsuke Kikuchi, Hisashi Uchida, Atsuhiro Koya, Nobuyoshi Azuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349417/emergent-endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-giant-internal-iliac-artery-aneurysm-using-an-inverted-iliac-limb-endograft
#16
Bruce L Tjaden, Rana O Afifi, Hazim J Safi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349410/rupture-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-between-early-and-late-phases-of-enhanced-computed-tomography
#17
Yojiro Koda, Hidekazu Nakai, Hitoshi Matsuda, Nobuhiko Mukohara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349400/single-session-total-endovascular-iliocaval-reconstruction-with-stent-grafting-for-the-treatment-of-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-and-concurrent-iliac-venous-aneurysm-rupture
#18
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Minhaj S Khaja, Steven Han, Kyle J Cooper, J Matthew Meadows, David M Williams
Iliac venous aneurysms are rare vascular abnormalities that may be manifested by abdominal masses, pelvic tenderness, or hypovolemia and may lead to rupture, thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, paradoxical embolism, or death. Inferior vena cava agenesis, like venous aneurysm, is an uncommon condition that may present with deep venous thrombosis. This report describes a patient with inferior vena cava agenesis and iliac venous aneurysm rupture treated with emergent iliocaval reconstruction and endovascular stent graft placement...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349398/unexplained-rupture-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#19
Marie Josee Elizabeth van Rijn, Sander Ten Raa, Joke M Hendriks, Frederico Bastos Goncalves, Hence J M Verhagen
We present a case of a 70-year-old man who was admitted with rupture of an abdominal aneurysm 4 years after endovascular aneurysm repair. He was compliant with yearly follow-up computed tomography angiography. One month earlier, his computed tomography angiogram showed perfect exclusion of the aneurysm and no endoleak. We explanted the stent graft and confirmed effective sealing, and the graft was intact. We found no signs of infection during 2 years of follow-up. This rupture is nonpredictable and unexplained and illustrates that unremarkable imaging does not guarantee prevention of rupture...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349395/delayed-migration-of-a-thrombosed-aortic-endograft-within-a-thrombosed-aneurysm-sac-resulting-in-continued-sac-expansion-and-rupture
#20
Edvard Skripochnik, Nicos Labropoulos, Shang A Loh
We present the case of delayed migration of a thrombosed aortic endograft within a thrombosed aneurysm sac that expanded and ruptured. Dilation of the aortic neck likely led to endograft migration and exposure of the occluded endograft and aneurysm sac to systemic pressure. Although no endoleak was identified, a key finding on ultrasound showed mobility of the sac thrombus. This may be an indicator of flow within the sac that may predict potential for rupture. Despite thrombosis of the aortic sac and endograft, the risk of rupture still lingers, and thus continued surveillance of occluded endografts may be prudent...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
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