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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926655/maternal-morbidity-after-previable-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes
#1
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alexis Panzer, Matthew R Grace, Marcela C Smid, J Adeolu Keku, Catherine J Vladutiu, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for maternal morbidity after previable prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of singleton and twin pregnancies complicated by previable PROM (14.0-22.9 weeks of gestation) at a single tertiary care referral institution, 2000-2015. Pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies, previable PROM within 2 weeks of chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, and those with contraindications to expectant management (eg, chorioamnionitis) were excluded...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926585/fluctuating-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#2
Dario A Yacovino, Timothy C Hain, Maria Musazzi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the fluctuating high velocity vestibular ocular-reflex (VOR) during the Ménière's attacks and correlate those features with pathophysiology. PATIENTS: A patient with unilateral Ménière's disease (MD) was evaluated closely during and after acute vertigo episodes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The spontaneous nystagmus and the dynamic VOR changes were measured by the video head impulse test (VHIT) at different stages of the vertigo crisis and during the quiescent phase of the condition...
December 6, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925622/relation-between-amniotic-fluid-infection-or-cytokine-levels-and-hearing-screen-failure-in-infants-at-32-wk-gestation-or-less
#3
Eun Young Jung, Byung Yoon Choi, Jihye Rhee, Jaehong Park, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the presence of intra-amniotic infection and elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels in amniotic fluid (AF) are associated with failure in the newborn hearing screen (NHS) test in very preterm neonates. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 112 premature singleton neonates born to women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes at ≤32 wk. AF obtained through amniocentesis was cultured, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 levels were determined...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925301/atypical-case-of-perimesencephalic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
Konark Malhotra, Shino D Magaki, Maria Inmaculada Cobos Sillero, Harry V Vinters, Reza Jahan, Robert D Brown, David S Liebeskind
Perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (PM-SAH) refers to intracranial hemorrhage located in the perimesencephalic cistern. The etiology remains mainly unclear, although venous leakage or rupture has been postulated. We report an interesting case of a 57-year-old healthy man who presented initially with PM-SAH with worsening of subcortical lesions on follow-up neuroimaging. Histopathological examination demonstrated cerebral amyloid angiopathy with perivascular inflammation.
December 7, 2016: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924391/our-experience-with-laparoscopic-partial-gastrectomy-by-the-lift-and-cut-method-for-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-maximal-preservation-of-the-remnant-stomach
#5
Shintaro Okumura, Seiichiro Kanaya, Hisahiro Hosogi, Takeshi Ito, Susumu Miura, Toshihiro Okada, Norihiro Shimoike, Shin Akagawa, Hironori Kawada, Akira Arimoto
BACKGROUND: Wedge resection is the most commonly used method in laparoscopic partial gastrectomy for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). However, this method can involve inadvertent resection of additional gastric tissue and cause gastric deformation. To minimize the volume of resected gastric tissue, we have developed a laparoscopic partial gastrectomy with seromyotomy which we call the 'lift-and-cut method' for gastric GIST. Here, we report a case series of this surgery. METHOD: First, the seromuscular layer around the tumor is cut...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923754/successful-coil-embolization-of-pediatric-carotid-cavernous-fistula-due-to-ruptured-post-traumatic-giant-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm
#6
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Shohei Yokoyama, Takeshi Wada, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND: The goal of the treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is to occlude the arteriovenous shunt and to preserve the patency of the concerned internal carotid artery (ICA). However, for the ipsilateral post-traumatic fragile cerebrum, coil embolization plus parent artery occlusion for the high flow direct CCF would be better for the prevention of hyper-perfusion syndrome and the intracranial hemorrhage. We experienced such a case and managed it successfully. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy was suffered from severe head trauma caused by being hit by a car...
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923205/spontaneous-rupture-of-splenic-hematoma-in-a-malaria-patient-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Bassem M Abou Hussein, Ali M Al Ani, Omar Al-Mayoofi, Mahpara Mehraj, Afra A Joher, Juanita A Bonilla, Alya S Al-Mazrouei, Faisal M Badri
INTRODUCTION: Blunt abdominal trauma is the most common cause of splenic rupture. Malaria is the most frequent tropical infectious cause of spontaneous splenic rupture. The exact mechanism is not well-defined. CASE REPORT: We report a case of thirty-year-old male patient known to have malaria who presented with spontaneous splenic rupture. A trial of conservative treatment failed and splenecomy was done to control bleeding. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous splenic rupture should be kept in mind in malaria patients presenting with left upper quadrant pain and signs of hypovolemia...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922985/video-analysis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries-a-systematic-review
#8
Victor R Carlson, Frances T Sheehan, Barry P Boden
BACKGROUND: As the most viable method for investigating in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, video analysis is critical for understanding ACL injury mechanisms and advancing preventative training programs. Despite the limited number of published studies involving video analysis, much has been gained through evaluating actual injury scenarios. METHODS: Studies meeting criteria for this systematic review were collected by performing a broad search of the ACL literature with use of variations and combinations of video recordings and ACL injuries...
November 29, 2016: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922526/air-pollutant-exposure-within-a-few-days-of-delivery-and-placental-abruption-in-japan
#9
Takehiro Michikawa, Seiichi Morokuma, Shin Yamazaki, Kotaro Fukushima, Kiyoko Kato, Hiroshi Nitta
BACKGROUND: Placental abruption is an emergency obstetric complication. Although the etiology of abruption is not fully understood, acute stimuli, such as ischemia and/or inflammation, are associated with rupture of the decidual artery, resulting in placental separation. Ischemia and inflammation are acute biologic effects of air pollution. Using a case-crossover design, we tested the hypothesis that a short-term increase in exposure to air pollutants is a potential trigger of placental abruption...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922338/pathophysiology-of-aortic-aneurysm-insights-from-human-genetics-and-mouse-models
#10
Nicole K Wilson, Russell A Gould, Elena Gallo MacFarlane, Mibava Leducq Consortium
Aneurysms are local dilations of an artery that predispose the vessel to sudden rupture. They are often asymptomatic and undiagnosed, resulting in a high mortality rate. The predisposition to develop thoracic aortic aneurysms is often genetically inherited and associated with syndromes affecting connective tissue homeostasis. This review discusses how elucidation of the genetic causes of syndromic forms of thoracic aortic aneurysm has helped identify pathways that contribute to disease progression, including those activated by TGF-β, angiotensin II and Notch ligands...
December 6, 2016: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#11
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT:  Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921447/haemorrhagic-shock-due-to-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-a-patient-subsequently-diagnosed-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#12
Mariaclelia La Russa, Fani Kokka, Michelle Lockley, Elly Brockbank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920987/spontaneous-perforation-of-the-upj-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
K Searvance, J Jackson, N Schenkman
Spontaneous rupture of the ureter is an uncommon condition defined by non-traumatic extravasation of urine. Causative factors leading to rupture include urinary calculi, malignancies, instrumentation or trauma. Ureteral rupture can lead to numerous complications, including abscess formation, urinomas, and urosepsis. Minimal literature is available regarding spontaneous ureteral perforation, especially at the ureteropelvic junction. We present a rare case of spontaneous perforation of the ureter at the ureteropelvic junction caused by an undiagnosed non-compliant bladder...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920860/a-long-standing-external-iliac-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-a-failed-kidney-transplant
#14
Satyam Veean, Neil Patel, Daniel Lee, Hoang Vo, Eran Rotem
This is a case of a 66-year-old African American male with history of end stage renal disease due to polycystic disease and failed right kidney transplant. He presents with asymptomatic hematuria, and diagnostic angiography was performed which showed incidental anastomotic site pseudoaneurysm. Our patient had an unusual presentation of a pseudoaneurysm. Pseudoaneurysms associated with failed renal transplants are typically detected within weeks after transplantation and along with failure of the transplant...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920694/pancreatic-and-hepatic-metastasis-of-an-undiagnosed-choriocarcinoma-an-exceptional-cause-of-haemoperitoneum-in-young-women-report-of-a-rare-case
#15
Nishat Fatema, Neeru Vinod Arora, Fatma Majid Al Abri, Yaseer Muhammad Tareq Khan
Haemoperitoneum in women of reproductive age usually suggests either ruptured ectopic pregnancy or ruptured ovarian cysts. Metastatic choriocarcinoma is considered the least common cause of haemoperitoneum in women of childbearing age. We report a rare case of pancreatic and hepatic metastasis of choriocarcinoma in a young, 30-year-old female who had delivered 10 months prior at term gestation with no previous history of gestational trophoblastic disease or molar pregnancy. She had a short history of fever and pain in the right hypochondrium, with findings of hypovolaemic shock due to intraperitoneal haemorrhage...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920419/ct-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-uterine-rupture-at-term-sonographic-appearance-of-which-was-confused-with-placenta-praevia
#16
Rohit Bhoil, Mukesh Surya, Kewal Arunkumar Mistry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#17
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919130/-two-cases-of-spontaneous-rupture-of-the-urinary-bladder-associated-with-radiation-cystitis-repaired-with-omentum-covering
#18
Takahito Wakamiya, Tomomi Kuramoto, Takeshi Inagaki
We experienced two cases of spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder associated with radiation cystitis. Case 1 and Case 2 were a 45-year-old female and a 71-year-old female, respectively. Both of them were admitted to our hospital with complaints of high grade fever and severe lower abdominal pain. They had a past history of total hysterectomy followed by radiationtherapy more than10 years ago. The cystography and the subsequent computed tomography revealed spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder. We performed the operationto repair the perforationsite with omentum covering...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919125/-a-case-report-spontaneous-rupture-of-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Masayuki Takata, Masanori Kohno, Kazuto Komatsu, Hiroshi Yoshida
A 31-year-old man presented with sudden right flank pain. We found a right renal tumor with a perirenal hematoma on enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT), which suggested spontaneous rupture of the renal tumor. The tumor was located at the upper pole of the right kidney, and was not enhanced. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed slightly enhanced renal tumor, and positron emission tomography (PET) showed a hot spot in the renal mass. His anemia was getting worse, and we assumed that the renal mass was malignant...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919124/-rupture-of-adrenal-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report
#20
Naofumi Tsutsumi, Ayumu Matsuda, Hiroshi Iwamura, Tetsuo Washio
A 45-year-old man with severe left flank pain was brought by ambulance to our hospital early in the morning. On arrival, his circulation dynamics were stable. His urinalysis results were normal, and ultrasonography showed no hydronephrosis. Abdominal dynamic computed tomography (CT) showed a huge retroperitoneal hematoma suspected of hemorrhage from a left adrenal artery aneurysm. After 3 hours of absolute bed rest, the patient experienced episodes of anemia, decreased blood pressure and increased pulse. Recheck of CT showed bleeding into the peritoneal cavity...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
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