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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156766/isobaric-tags-for-relative-and-absolute-quantification-based-proteomic-analysis-of-testis-biopsies-in-rhesus-monkeys-treated-with-transient-scrotal-hyperthermia
#1
Meng Rao, Sha Ma, Shifu Hu, Hui Lei, Yanqing Wu, Yanfei Zhou, Wei Xia, Changhong Zhu
This study aimed to examine the cellular and molecular events that occur in rhesus monkey testes after scrotal hyperthermia. Eight male adult rhesus monkeys were subjected to scrotal hyperthermia at 43°C for 30 min daily for 6 consecutive days. Sperm concentration, reproductive hormones, and testis histology were examined before hyperthermia (day 0), and at 8, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 days after the initiation of hyperthermia. iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis was conducted on testicular tissues collected on days 0, 8, and 60 to identify differentially expressed proteins at the early and recovery stages of testicular damage...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156452/an-international-consortium-update-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-adolescence
#2
Lourdes Ibáñez, Sharon E Oberfield, Selma F Witchel, Richard J Auchus, R Jeffrey Chang, Ethel Codner, Preeti Dabadghao, Feyza Darendeliler, Nancy Samir Elbarbary, Alessandra Gambineri, Cecilia Garcia Rudaz, Kathleen M Hoeger, Abel López-Bermejo, Ken Ong, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Reinehr, Nicola Santoro, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Rachel Tao, Bulent O Yildiz, Haya Alkhayyat, Asma Deeb, Dipesalema Joel, Reiko Horikawa, Francis de Zegher, Peter A Lee
This paper represents an international collaboration of paediatric endocrine and other societies (listed in the Appendix) under the International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology (ICPE) aiming to improve worldwide care of adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)1. The manuscript examines pathophysiology and guidelines for the diagnosis and management of PCOS during adolescence. The complex pathophysiology of PCOS involves the interaction of genetic and epigenetic changes, primary ovarian abnormalities, neuroendocrine alterations, and endocrine and metabolic modifiers such as anti-Müllerian hormone, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, adiposity, and adiponectin levels...
November 13, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156341/urinary-bisphenol-a-concentrations-are-associated-with-reproductive-parameters-in-young-men
#3
Evdochia Adoamnei, Jaime Mendiola, Fernando Vela-Soria, Mariana F Fernández, Nicolás Olea, Niels Jørgensen, Shanna H Swan, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a pervasive environmental toxicant with known reproductive effects on sperm parameters and hormone levels. Several observational studies have investigated the associations between BPA exposure and male reproductive function, but findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to assess the associations between urinary BPA concentrations and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in a cross-sectional study with 215 healthy young university students (18-23 years old), investigated between 2010 and 2011 in Southern Spain (Murcia Region)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156102/decreasing-trends-in-number-of-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-starters-in-norway-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ingvild Roksvaag, Finn Egil Skjeldestad
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we examined changes in depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) prescriptions over a time-period when new professions started prescribing, and when the method gained some negative media attention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Norwegian Prescription Database provided data on hormonal contraception from 2006 through 2012. We estimated annual number of DMPA users by calculating doses sold per day/1000 women and calculated, for each contraceptive method on annual basis, a proportion of defined daily doses of all hormonal contraceptives in 5-year age groups at reproductive age...
November 20, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155986/prenatal-high-estradiol-exposure-induces-sex-specific-and-dietarily-reversible-insulin-resistance-through-decreased-hypothalamic-insr
#5
Hui-Hui Wang, Cheng-Liang Zhou, Min Lv, Qian Yang, Ju-Xue Li, Min Hou, Jing Lin, Xin-Mei Liu, Yan-Ting Wu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang
Adverse intrauterine environment may induce adult disease in offspring, but the mechanisms are not well understood. It is reported that fresh embryo transfer (ET) in assisted reproductive technology presents extra-high maternal estradiol (E2) and prenatal high E2 exposure increases the risk of organ disorders in later life. We found male newborns and children of fresh ET showed increased fasting insulin and the homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Prenatal high E2 exposed (HE) male mice grew heavier than control and developed insulin resistance, they also showed increased food intake with enhanced orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression...
November 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155854/profiling-of-proteins-secreted-in-the-bovine-oviduct-reveals-diverse-functions-of-this-luminal-microenvironment
#6
Viju Vijayan Pillai, Darren M Weber, Brett S Phinney, Vimal Selvaraj
The oviductal microenvironment is a site for key events that involve gamete maturation, fertilization and early embryo development. Secretions into the oviductal lumen by either the lining epithelium or by transudation of plasma constituents are known to contain elements conducive for reproductive success. Although previous studies have identified some of these factors involved in reproduction, knowledge of secreted proteins in the oviductal fluid remains rudimentary with limited definition of function even in extensively studied species like cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155779/a-novel-use-of-three-dimensional-high-frequency-ultrasonography-for-early-pregnancy-characterization-in-the-mouse
#7
Mary C Peavey, Corey L Reynolds, Maria M Szwarc, William E Gibbons, Cecilia T Valdes, Francesco J DeMayo, John P Lydon
High-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) is a common method to non-invasively monitor the real-time development of the human fetus in utero. The mouse is routinely used as an in vivo model to study embryo implantation and pregnancy progression. Unfortunately, such murine studies require pregnancy interruption to enable follow-up phenotypic analysis. To address this issue, we used three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of HFUS imaging data for early detection and characterization of murine embryo implantation sites and their individual developmental progression in utero...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155758/methodology-for-developing-life-tables-for-sessile-insects-in-the-field-using-the-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-in-cotton-as-a-model-system
#8
Steven E Naranjo, Peter C Ellsworth
Life tables provide a means of measuring the schedules of birth and death from populations over time. They also can be used to quantify the sources and rates of mortality in populations, which has a variety of applications in ecology, including agricultural ecosystems. Horizontal, or cohort-based, life tables provide for the most direct and accurate method of quantifying vital population rates because they follow a group of individuals in a population from birth to death. Here, protocols are presented for conducting and analyzing cohort-based life tables in the field that takes advantage of the sessile nature of the immature life stages of a global insect pest, Bemisia tabaci...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155719/exploring-deep-space-uncovering-the-anatomy-of-periventricular-structures-to-reveal-the-lateral-ventricles-of-the-human-brain
#9
Alexandru S Colibaba, Aicee Dawn B Calma, Alexandra L Webb, Krisztina Valter
Anatomy students are typically provided with two-dimensional (2D) sections and images when studying cerebral ventricular anatomy and students find this challenging. Because the ventricles are negative spaces located deep within the brain, the only way to understand their anatomy is by appreciating their boundaries formed by related structures. Looking at a 2D representation of these spaces, in any of the cardinal planes, will not enable visualisation of all of the structures that form the boundaries of the ventricles...
October 22, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155610/seasonal-and-sexual-variation-in-metabolism-thermoregulation-and-hormones-in-the-big-brown-bat-eptesicus-fuscus
#10
Christopher S Richardson, Tim Heeren, Thomas H Kunz
In response to seasonal variation in energy availability and thermal environment, physiological and endocrine mechanisms have evolved in temperate zone animals. Seasonal changes in hormone activity affect metabolism, body temperature, and reproductive activity. We examined the seasonal regulatory role of hormones on basal metabolic rate (BMR) and regulatory nonshivering thermogenesis (RNST) in 98 female and 17 male adult Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat). We measured BMR, RNST, and plasma levels of thyroid hormone (T3), leptin, and cortisol in bats captured in maternity colonies in eastern Massachusetts from May to August (from arousal from the hibernation phase to the prehibernation phase)...
January 2018: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155477/oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-suppresses-mouse-granulosa-cell-differentiation-through-disruption-of-the-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-pathway
#11
Xiaoliang Chen, Yanhong Liu, Yanhong Shan, Xingyi Jin, Qingyang Shi, Chunshu Jia
Obesity predisposes women to reproductive disorders. One symptom of obesity in women is higher levels of oxidized Low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in serum and preovulatory follicles. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that oxLDL might impair follicle differentiation and luteinization. Given that Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) plays crucial roles in supporting follicle differentiation and luteinization in mammals, we focused on oxLDL-mediated events that may affect the HIF1 pathway. We report that exposure to oxLDL diminished the expression of HIF1α and its target genes and suppressed the differentiation of mouse luteinized granulosa cells following induction by human Chorionic gonadotophin (hCG) under hypoxic conditions (1% oxygen)...
November 20, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155328/mitochondrial-trna-leu-uur-c3275t-trna-gln-t4363c-and-trna-lys-a8343g-mutations-may-be-associated-with-pcos-and-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Yu Ding, Bo-Hou Xia, Cai-Juan Zhang, Guang-Chao Zhuo
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a very prevalent endocrine disease affecting reproductive women. Clinically, patients with this disorder are more vulnerable to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular events, as well as metabolic syndrome (MetS). To date, the molecular mechanism underlying PCOS remains largely unknown. Previously, we showed that mitochondrial dysfunction caused by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation was an important cause for PCOS. In the current study, we described the clinical and biochemical features of a three-generation pedigree with maternally transmitted MetS, combined with PCOS...
November 16, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155264/modulation-of-adrenal-steroidogenesis-by-testosterone-in-the-lizard-coleonyx-elegans
#13
Rocco V Carsia, Patrick J McIlroy, Henry B John-Alder
Our previous work with adrenocortical cells from several Sceloporus lizard species suggests that gonadal hormones influence the steroidogenic capacity and the sensitivity to ACTH. However, there are discrepancies in these cellular response parameters suggesting that the effects of gonadal hormones on adrenocortical function vary with species, sex, age, season, and environmental/experimental conditions. To gain further insight into these complex interactions, here we report studies on Coleonyx elegans, Eublepharidae (Yucatán Banded Gecko), which is only distantly related to Sceloporus lizards via a basal common ancestor and in captivity, reproduces throughout the year...
November 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155263/identification-and-characterisation-of-the-epididymal-proteins-in-the-lizard-eutropis-carinata-reptilia-squamata-schneider-1801
#14
R Medini, M Bhagya, S Samson
Lizards are seasonal breeders. Cyclic reproductive nature makes lizard as a useful model for the study of the reproductively active protein secretions in the epididymis. During breeding season, the epididymides of the lizard secret proteins that mixes with the spermatozoa and create a favourable environment for sperm maturation. In this spectrum, the aim of this study is to identify and characterize proteins which are present in the lumen of the epididymis of the lizard, E. carinata during the active phase of reproduction...
November 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155178/induction-of-immune-related-gene-expression-by-seminal-exosomes-in-the-porcine-endometrium
#15
Rulan Bai, Zeinab Latifi, Kazuya Kusama, Keigo Nakamura, Masayuki Shimada, Kazuhiko Imakawa
Seminal plasma (SP) is considered as a vehicle to carry sperm into female reproductive tract, of which functions have not been completely understood. This study aimed to identify the function of seminal exosomes on porcine endometrium. Exosomes were isolated from the sperm-rich fraction of boar semen and were confirmed by the expression of exosome marker HSP70 and size distribution using nano-sight tracking analysis. Porcine endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) were then treated with seminal exosomes, and RNA extracted were subjected to global expression analysis...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155136/adipose-tissue-and-reproductive-health
#16
REVIEW
Hannah Mathew, V Daniel Castracane, Christos Mantzoros
The understanding of adipose tissue role has evolved from that of a depot energy storage organ to a dynamic endocrine organ. While genetics, sexual phenotype and sex steroids can impact the mass and distribution of adipose tissue, there is a counter-influence of white adipocytes on reproduction. This primarily occurs via the secretion of adipokines, the most studied of which- leptin and adiponectin- are highlighted in this article. Leptin, the "satiety hormone" primarily acts on the hypothalamus via pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) NPY neurons to translate acute changes in nutrition and energy expenditure, as well as chronic adipose accumulation into changes in appetite and potentially mediate insulin resistance via shared pathway and notably impacting reproductive health via influence on GnRH secreting neurons...
November 16, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155091/dynamic-molecular-events-associated-to-plasmodium-berghei-gametogenesis-through-proteomic-approach
#17
Carlos H S Garcia, Delphine Depoix, Rayner M L Queiroz, Jaques M F Souza, Wagner Fontes, Marcelo V de Sousa, Marlon D M Santos, Paulo C Carvalho, Philippe Grellier, Sébastien Charneau
Plasmodium mature sexual cycle occurs in the vector mosquitoes and ensures the transmission to a new host. Gametogenesis takes place within minutes in the vector midgut. Gametocytes have to complete a deep nuclear reorganization, quick differentiation, and in the case of male gametocytes, intracytoplasmic flagellum assembly that results in free-swimming microgametes required for macrogamete fertilization. In efforts to improve our knowledge of molecular mechanisms involved in gamete morphogenesis, we carried out a nanoLC/MSMS based quantitative proteomic analysis throughout the xanthurenic acid-induced gametogenesis of the rodent parasite P...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155036/effectiveness-of-app-based-self-acupressure-for-women-with-menstrual-pain-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#18
Susanne Blödt, Daniel Pach, Sanna von Eisenhart-Rothe, Fabian Lotz, Stephanie Roll, Katja Icke, Claudia M Witt
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea is common among women of reproductive age. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives are effective treatments, although the failure rate is around 20-25%. Therefore additional evidence-based treatments are needed. In recent years, the use of smartphone applications (apps) has increased rapidly and may support individuals in self-management strategies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of app-based self-acupressure in women with menstrual pain...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155034/identification-of-a-novel-porcine-oasl-variant-exhibiting-antiviral-activity
#19
Changjing Zhao, Sheng Zheng, Dan Zhu, Xue Lian, Weiting Liu, Feng Hu, Puyan Chen, Ruibing Cao
2', 5'-Oligoadenylate synthetase-lilke (OASL) protein is an atypical oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) family member, which possesses antiviral activity but lacks 2', 5'-oligoadenylate synthetase activity. Here, a novel variant of porcine OASL (pOASL2) was identified through RT-PCR amplification. This gene is distinguishable from the previously described wild-type porcine OASL (pOASL1). The gene appears to be derived from a truncation of exon 4 plus 8 nucleotides of exon 5 with a premature termination, measuring only 633 bp in length, although its position corresponds to that of pOASL1...
November 15, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154994/evolutionary-epidemiology-of-schistosomiasis-linking-parasite-genetics-with-disease-phenotype-in-humans
#20
Tine Huyse, Nele A M Boon, Frederik Van den Broeck, Moustapha Mbow, Anurag Chaturvedi, Lynn Meurs, Filip A M Volckaert, Katja Polman
Here we assess the role of parasite genetic variation in host disease phenotype in human schistosomiasis by implementing concepts and techniques from environmental association analysis in evolutionary epidemiology. Schistosomiasis is a tropical disease that affects more than 200 million people worldwide and is caused by parasitic flatworms belonging to the genus Schistosoma. While the role of host genetics has been extensively studied and demonstrated, nothing is yet known on the contribution of parasite genetic variation to host disease phenotype in human schistosomiasis...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
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