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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208728/parabens-accelerate-ovarian-dysfunction-in-a-4-vinylcyclohexene-diepoxide-induced-ovarian-failure-model
#1
Jae-Hwan Lee, Myeongho Lee, Changhwan Ahn, Hee Young Kang, Dinh Nam Tran, Eui-Bae Jeung
Parabens are widely used preservatives in basic necessities such as cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. In previous studies, xenoestrogenic actions of parabens were reported in an immature rat model and a rat pituitary cell line (GH3 cells). The relationship between parabens and ovarian failure has not been described. In the present study, the influence of parabens on ovarian folliculogenesis and steroidogenesis was investigated. A disruptor of ovarian small pre-antral follicles, 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD, 40 mg/kg), was used to induce premature ovarian failure (POF)...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203794/embryonic-poly-a-binding-protein-is-required-at-the-preantral-stage-of-mouse-folliculogenesis-for-oocyte-somatic-communication%C3%A2
#2
Katie M Lowther, Federico Favero, Cai-Rong Yang, Hugh S Taylor, Emre Seli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188961/high-serum-progesterone-associated-with-infertility-in-a-woman-with-nonclassic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#3
Yoshimasa Kawarai, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Tomoya Segawa, Shokichi Teramoto, Tomoaki Tanaka, Makio Shozu
Nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) is an autosomal-recessive disorder caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency and manifests as hirsutism and oligomenorrhea due to excess adrenal androgen and progesterone. We report a case of a woman with NCAH who showed continuous high serum progesterone levels in the follicular phase associated with impaired folliculogenesis. NCAH was diagnosed based on high 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels after rapid adrenocorticotropic hormone loading, and three heterozygous missense mutations in CYP21A2, encoding 21-hydroxylase, were identified...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182010/microrna-144-is-regulated-by-cp2-and-decreases-cox-2-expression-and-pge2-production-in-mouse-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#4
Jiawei Zhou, Bin Lei, Huanan Li, Lihua Zhu, Lei Wang, Hu Tao, Shuqi Mei, Fenge Li
Mammalian folliculogenesis is a complex process in which primordial follicles develop into pre-ovulatory follicles, followed by ovulation to release mature oocytes. In this study, we explored the role of miR-144 in ovulation. miR-144 was one of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which showed 5.59-fold changes, in pre-ovulatory ovarian follicles between Large White and Chinese Taihu sows detected by Solexa deep sequencing. We demonstrated that overexpression of miR-144 significantly decreased the luciferase reporter activity under the control of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) or mothers against decapentaplegic homologue 4 (Smad4) 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and suppressed COX-2 and Smad4 expression...
February 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166973/short-term-hypertonic-exposure-enhances-in%C3%A2-vitro-follicle-growth-and-meiotic-competence-of-enclosed-oocytes-while-modestly-affecting-mrna-expression-of-aquaporin-and-steroidogenic-genes-in-the-domestic-cat-model
#5
N Songsasen, C Thongkittidilok, K Yamamizu, D E Wildt, P Comizzoli
Using the domestic cat as a non-rodent, larger animal model, the objective was to determine the impact of a brief incubation in a hypertonic microenvironment on (1) ovarian follicle and oocyte growth in vitro, (2) developmental capacity of the resident oocyte, and (3) expression of aquaporin (AQP) genes in parallel with genes involved in regulation of folliculogenesis. In Study 1: Secondary or early antral follicles encapsulated in 0.5% alginate were allocated to one of three treatment groups: 1) culture in standard medium at 290 mOsm for 15 d (Control); 2) incubation in 350 mOsm medium for 1 h followed by culture in standard medium for 15 d (Hypertonic-1h); or 3) incubation in 350 mOsm medium for 24 h followed by incubation in standard medium for additional 14 d (Hypertonic-24h)...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144640/cyclic-gmp-mediated-inhibition-of-spontaneous-germinal-vesicle-breakdown-both-with-and-without-cumulus-in-mouse-oocyte
#6
Heekyung Hwang, Yong-Pil Cheon
Intact germinal vesicle (GV) arrest and release are essential for maintaining the fertility of mammals inducing human. Intact germinal vesicle release, maturation of oocytes is maintained by very complex procedures along with folliculogenesis and is a critical step for embryonic development. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) has been suggested a key factor for meiotic arrest but so far its mechanisms are controversy. In this study we examine the effects of cGMP on germinal vesicle breakdown in cumulus-enclosed oocytes and denuded oocytes...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137855/amh-mis-as-a-contraceptive-that-protects-the-ovarian-reserve-during-chemotherapy
#7
Motohiro Kano, Amanda E Sosulski, LiHua Zhang, Hatice D Saatcioglu, Dan Wang, Nicholas Nagykery, Mary E Sabatini, Guangping Gao, Patricia K Donahoe, David Pépin
The ovarian reserve represents the stock of quiescent primordial follicles in the ovary which is gradually depleted during a woman's reproductive lifespan, resulting in menopause. Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) (or anti-Müllerian hormone/AMH), which is produced by granulosa cells of growing follicles, has been proposed as a negative regulator of primordial follicle activation. Here we show that long-term parenteral administration of superphysiological doses of MIS, using either an adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9) gene therapy vector or recombinant protein, resulted in a complete arrest of folliculogenesis in mice...
January 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112253/conserved-mir-10-family-represses-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#8
Tu Jiajie, Yang Yanzhou, Albert Cheung Hoi-Hung, Chen Zi-Jiang, Chan Wai-Yee
Granulosa cells (GCs) are essential somatic cells in the ovary and play an important role in folliculogenesis. Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and the TGF-β pathway have been identified as a critical hormone and signalling pathway, respectively, in GCs. In this study, we found that a conserved microRNA family that includes miR-10a and miR-10b repressed proliferation and induced apoptosis in human, mouse, and rat GCs (hGCs, mGCs and rGCs, respectively). Moreover, essential hormones and growth factors in the follicle, such as FSH, FGF9 and some ligands in the TGF-β pathway (TGFβ1, Activin A, BMP4 and BMP15), inhibited miR-10a and miR-10b expression in GCs...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111812/dynamic-changes-in-mitochondrial-dna-distribution-and-activity-within-cat-oocytes-during-folliculogenesis
#9
N Songsasen, L H Henson, W Tipkantha, C Thongkittidilok, J H Henson, K Chatdarong, P Comizzoli
Mitochondria play fundamental roles during oocyte development. The accumulation and spatial redistribution of these energy-producing organelles have been linked to the developmental competence of mammalian oocytes. Here, we assessed the copy number, distribution and activity of mitochondria within cat oocytes during folliculogenesis. In Experiment 1, oocytes were recovered from primordial (n = 152), primary (112), secondary (95), early (131), small (118), antral (86) and advanced antral (5) stages follicles, and mitochondria DNA extracted and quantified using qPCR...
January 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111799/endocrine-and-paracrine-controls-of-canine-follicular-development-and-function
#10
N Songsasen, J Nagashima, C Thongkittidilok
Canid reproduction is unique among other mammals in that females experience long and variable periods of ovarian inactivity. While the domestic dog exhibits a non-seasonal, largely sporadic monoestrus occurring once or twice a year, most wild canids, such as the gray wolf (Canis lupus) and red wolf (Canis rufus), are seasonal breeders with onset apparently dependent on species, latitudinal location and/or variety of environment factors. Neuroendocrine controls of ovarian functions have been mostly studied in the dog, but less so in their wild counterparts, due to difficulties in regular blood sampling...
January 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100484/atf6-knock-down-decreases-apoptosis-arrests-the-s-phase-of-the-cell-cycle-and-increases-steroid-hormone-production-in-mouse-granulosa-cells
#11
Yongjie Xiong, Huatao Chen, Pengfei Lin, Aihua Wang, Lei Wang, Yaping Jin
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is an important factor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway. The aim of this study was to assess the role of ATF6 in mouse granulosa cells with respect to apoptosis, the cell cycle, and steroid hormone production, as well as several key genes related to follicular development, via RNA interference, immunohistochemical staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, and ELISA. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that ATF6 was extensively distributed in the granulosa cells of various ovarian follicles and oocytes in adult female mice...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093265/developmental-tracing-of-oocyte-development-in-gonadal-soma-derived-factor-deficiency-medaka-oryzias-latipes-using-a-transgenic-approach
#12
Guijun Guan, Kaiqing Sun, Xi Zhang, Xiaomiao Zha, Mingyou Li, Yan Yan, Yunzhi Wang, Jianbin Chen, Meisheng Yi, Yunhan Hong
Gonadal soma-derived factor (gsdf) is reported to be a male initiator in medaka based on loss- and gain- of function via targeted disruption, or transgenic over-expression. However, little is known about how gsdf promotes undifferentiated gonad entry into male pathways or prevents entry into the female pathway. We utilized a visible folliculogenesis system with a reporter cassette of dual-color fluorescence expression to identify difference between oocyte development from wildtype and gsdf deficiency medaka...
January 13, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089945/zearalenone-exposure-impairs-ovarian-primordial-follicle-formation-via-down-regulation-of-lhx8-expression-in-vitro
#13
Guo-Liang Zhang, Xiao-Feng Sun, Yan-Zhong Feng, Bo Li, Ya-Peng Li, Fan Yang, Charles Martin Nyachoti, Wei Shen, Shi-Duo Sun, Lan Li
Zearalenone (ZEA) is an estrogenic mycotoxin mainly produced as a secondary metabolite by numerous species of Fusarium. Previous work showed that ZEA had a negative impact on domestic animals with regard to reproduction. The adverse effects and the mechanisms of ZEA on mammalian ovarian folliculogenesis remain largely unknown, particularly its effect on primordial follicle formation. Thus, we investigated the biological effects of ZEA exposure on murine ovarian germ cell cyst breakdown and primordial follicle assembly...
January 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078843/association-between-expression-of-cumulus-expansion-markers-and-real-time-proliferation-of-porcine-follicular-granulosa-cells-in-a-primary-cell-culture-model
#14
S Ciesiółka, J Budna, A Bryja, W Kranc, A Chachuła, M Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, H Piotrowska, D Bukowska, P Antosik, M Bruska, K P Brüssow, M Nowicki, M Zabel, B Kempisty
Folliculogenesis is a compound process that involves both ovarian follicle growth and oocyte development, which is tightly attached to the follicular wall. During this process, cells that form the follicle structure undergo substantial morphological and molecular modifications that finally lead to differentiation and specialization of ovarian follicular cells. The differentiation of ovarian cells encompasses formation of follicle, which is composed of theca (TCs), mural granulosa (GCs), and cumulus cells (CCs)...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072828/ggpp-mediated-protein-geranylgeranylation-in-oocyte-is-essential-for-the-establishment-of-oocyte-granulosa-cell-communication-and-primary-secondary-follicle-transition-in-mouse-ovary
#15
Chen Jiang, Fan Diao, Yong-Juan Sang, Na Xu, Rui-Lou Zhu, Xiu-Xing Wang, Zhong Chen, Wei-Wei Tao, Bing Yao, Hai-Xiang Sun, Xing-Xu Huang, Bin Xue, Chao-Jun Li
Folliculogenesis is a progressive and highly regulated process, which is essential to provide ova for later reproductive life, requires the bidirectional communication between the oocyte and granulosa cells. This physical connection-mediated communication conveys not only the signals from the oocyte to granulosa cells that regulate their proliferation but also metabolites from the granulosa cells to the oocyte for biosynthesis. However, the underlying mechanism of establishing this communication is largely unknown...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062307/transcriptional-regulation-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-%C3%AE-subunit-in-marmoset-by-an-alternate-distal-promoter
#16
Susha S Kutteyil, Bhakti R Pathak, Smita D Mahale
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is essential for mammalian folliculogenesis and spermatogenesis. Common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a New World primate which exhibits an unusual FSH profile across the ovarian cycle with a mid-follicular FSH peak that is not observed in Catarrhini primates like humans. Since transcription of FSH β-subunit gene (FSHβ) is a rate-limiting step in the production of mature FSH, this study aimed to investigate the regulation of marmoset FSHβ gene expression in comparison to human...
January 3, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056989/induction-of-altered-gene-expression-profiles-in-cultured-bovine-granulosa-cells-at-high-cell-density
#17
Anja Baufeld, Dirk Koczan, Jens Vanselow
BACKGROUND: In previous studies it has been shown that bovine granulosa cells (GC) cultured at a high plating density dramatically change their physiological and molecular characteristics, thus resembling an early stage of luteinization. During the present study, these specific effects on the GC transcriptome were comprehensively analysed to clarify the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: GC were cultured in serum free medium with FSH and IGF-1 stimulation at different initial plating density...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040471/developmental-effects-of-imatinib-mesylate-on-follicle-assembly-and-early-activation-of-primordial-follicle-pool-in-postnatal-rat-ovary
#18
Babak Asadi-Azarbaijani, Regiane R Santos, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Saskia Braber, Majorie B M van Buursen, Jorma Toppari, Ola D Saugstad, Mirja Nurmio, Irma C Oskam
Imatinib mesylate is an anti-cancer agent that competitively inhibits several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). RTKs play important roles in the regulation of primordial follicle formation, the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and maturation of the follicles. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib on primordial follicle assembly and early folliculogenesis in postnatal rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with either imatinib (150mg/kg) or placebo (water) on postnatal days 2-4...
December 28, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013034/spatiotemporal-expression-analysis-of-nuclear-estrogen-receptors-in-the-zebrafish-ovary-and-their-regulation-in-vitro-by-endocrine-hormones-and-paracrine-factors
#19
Ka-Cheuk Liu, Shuk-Wa Lau, Wei Ge
Estradiol (E2) stimulates luteinizing hormone receptor (lhcgr) expression via nuclear estrogen receptors (nERs) in the zebrafish ovary. We have demonstrated that endocrine hormones such as gonadotropin (hCG) and paracrine factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) can modulate E2-induced lhcgr expression in vitro. These observations raised a question on whether these hormones and factors exert their effects via regulating the expression of nERs. In this study, we first characterized the spatiotemporal expression profiles of three nER subtypes in the zebrafish ovary, including esr1 (ERα), esr2a (ERβ2) and esr2b (ERβ1)...
December 21, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012404/influence-of-air-quality-on-the-results-of-in-vitro-fertilization-attempts-a-retrospective-study
#20
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of air quality on the results of IVF. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study on 292 patients who have undergone an IVF attempt from April 2012 to December 2015 in our French university hospital. Patients were included in the study if data on the air quality at home and at work were available and if they haven't been gone for more than 4days in a month. Data were recorded during the 3 months before oocyte collection and 1 month after embryo transfer...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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