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folliculogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100484/atf6-knock-down-decreases-apoptosis-arrests-the-s-phase-of-the-cell-cycle-and-increases-steroid-hormone-production-in-mouse-granulosa-cells
#1
Yongjie Xiong, Huatao Chen, Pengfei Lin, Aihua Wang, Lei Wang, Yaping Jin
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is an important factor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway. The aim of this study was to assess the role of ATF6 in mouse granulosa cells with respect to apoptosis, the cell cycle, and steroid hormone production, as well as several key genes related to follicular development, via RNA interference, immunohistochemical staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, and ELISA. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that ATF6 was extensively distributed in the granulosa cells of various ovarian follicles and oocytes in adult female mice...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093265/developmental-tracing-of-oocyte-development-in-gonadal-soma-derived-factor-deficiency-medaka-oryzias-latipes-using-a-transgenic-approach
#2
Guijun Guan, Kaiqing Sun, Xi Zhang, Xiaomiao Zha, Mingyou Li, Yan Yan, Yunzhi Wang, Jianbin Chen, Meisheng Yi, Yunhan Hong
Gonadal soma-derived factor (gsdf) is reported to be a male initiator in medaka based on loss- and gain- of function via targeted disruption, or transgenic over-expression. However, little is known about how gsdf promotes undifferentiated gonad entry into male pathways or prevents entry into the female pathway. We utilized a visible folliculogenesis system with a reporter cassette of dual-color fluorescence expression to identify difference between oocyte development from wildtype and gsdf deficiency medaka...
January 13, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089945/zearalenone-exposure-impairs-ovarian-primordial-follicle-formation-via-down-regulation-of-lhx8-expression-in-vitro
#3
Guo-Liang Zhang, Xiao-Feng Sun, Yan-Zhong Feng, Bo Li, Ya-Peng Li, Fan Yang, Charles Martin Nyachoti, Wei Shen, Shi-Duo Sun, Lan Li
Zearalenone (ZEA) is an estrogenic mycotoxin mainly produced as a secondary metabolite by numerous species of Fusarium. Previous work showed that ZEA had a negative impact on domestic animals with regard to reproduction. The adverse effects and the mechanisms of ZEA on mammalian ovarian folliculogenesis remain largely unknown, particularly its effect on primordial follicle formation. Thus, we investigated the biological effects of ZEA exposure on murine ovarian germ cell cyst breakdown and primordial follicle assembly...
January 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078843/association-between-expression-of-cumulus-expansion-markers-and-real-time-proliferation-of-porcine-follicular-granulosa-cells-in-a-primary-cell-culture-model
#4
S Ciesiółka, J Budna, A Bryja, W Kranc, A Chachuła, M Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, H Piotrowska, D Bukowska, P Antosik, M Bruska, K P Brüssow, M Nowicki, M Zabel, B Kempisty
Folliculogenesis is a compound process that involves both ovarian follicle growth and oocyte development, which is tightly attached to the follicular wall. During this process, cells that form the follicle structure undergo substantial morphological and molecular modifications that finally lead to differentiation and specialization of ovarian follicular cells. The differentiation of ovarian cells encompasses formation of follicle, which is composed of theca (TCs), mural granulosa (GCs), and cumulus cells (CCs)...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072828/ggpp-mediated-protein-geranylgeranylation-in-oocyte-is-essential-for-the-establishment-of-oocyte-granulosa-cell-communication-and-primary-secondary-follicle-transition-in-mouse-ovary
#5
Chen Jiang, Fan Diao, Yong-Juan Sang, Na Xu, Rui-Lou Zhu, Xiu-Xing Wang, Zhong Chen, Wei-Wei Tao, Bing Yao, Hai-Xiang Sun, Xing-Xu Huang, Bin Xue, Chao-Jun Li
Folliculogenesis is a progressive and highly regulated process, which is essential to provide ova for later reproductive life, requires the bidirectional communication between the oocyte and granulosa cells. This physical connection-mediated communication conveys not only the signals from the oocyte to granulosa cells that regulate their proliferation but also metabolites from the granulosa cells to the oocyte for biosynthesis. However, the underlying mechanism of establishing this communication is largely unknown...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062307/transcriptional-regulation-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-%C3%AE-subunit-in-marmoset-by-an-alternate-distal-promoter
#6
Susha S Kutteyil, Bhakti R Pathak, Smita D Mahale
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is essential for mammalian folliculogenesis and spermatogenesis. Common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a New World primate which exhibits an unusual FSH profile across the ovarian cycle with a mid-follicular FSH peak that is not observed in Catarrhini primates like humans. Since transcription of FSH β-subunit gene (FSHβ) is a rate-limiting step in the production of mature FSH, this study aimed to investigate the regulation of marmoset FSHβ gene expression in comparison to human...
January 3, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056989/induction-of-altered-gene-expression-profiles-in-cultured-bovine-granulosa-cells-at-high-cell-density
#7
Anja Baufeld, Dirk Koczan, Jens Vanselow
BACKGROUND: In previous studies it has been shown that bovine granulosa cells (GC) cultured at a high plating density dramatically change their physiological and molecular characteristics, thus resembling an early stage of luteinization. During the present study, these specific effects on the GC transcriptome were comprehensively analysed to clarify the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: GC were cultured in serum free medium with FSH and IGF-1 stimulation at different initial plating density...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040471/developmental-effects-of-imatinib-mesylate-on-follicle-assembly-and-early-activation-of-primordial-follicle-pool-in-postnatal-rat-ovary
#8
Babak Asadi-Azarbaijani, Regiane R Santos, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Saskia Braber, Majorie B M van Buursen, Jorma Toppari, Ola D Saugstad, Mirja Nurmio, Irma C Oskam
Imatinib mesylate is an anti-cancer agent that competitively inhibits several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). RTKs play important roles in the regulation of primordial follicle formation, the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and maturation of the follicles. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib on primordial follicle assembly and early folliculogenesis in postnatal rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with either imatinib (150mg/kg) or placebo (water) on postnatal days 2-4...
December 28, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013034/spatiotemporal-expression-analysis-of-nuclear-estrogen-receptors-in-the-zebrafish-ovary-and-their-regulation-in-vitro-by-endocrine-hormones-and-paracrine-factors
#9
Ka-Cheuk Liu, Shuk-Wa Lau, Wei Ge
Estradiol (E2) stimulates luteinizing hormone receptor (lhcgr) expression via nuclear estrogen receptors (nERs) in the zebrafish ovary. We have demonstrated that endocrine hormones such as gonadotropin (hCG) and paracrine factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) can modulate E2-induced lhcgr expression in vitro. These observations raised a question on whether these hormones and factors exert their effects via regulating the expression of nERs. In this study, we first characterized the spatiotemporal expression profiles of three nER subtypes in the zebrafish ovary, including esr1 (ERα), esr2a (ERβ2) and esr2b (ERβ1)...
December 21, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012404/influence-of-air-quality-on-the-results-of-in-vitro-fertilization-attempts-a-retrospective-study
#10
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of air quality on the results of IVF. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study on 292 patients who have undergone an IVF attempt from April 2012 to December 2015 in our French university hospital. Patients were included in the study if data on the air quality at home and at work were available and if they haven't been gone for more than 4days in a month. Data were recorded during the 3 months before oocyte collection and 1 month after embryo transfer...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973579/knockdown-of-creb3-luman-by-shrna-in-mouse-granulosa-cells-results-in-decreased-estradiol-and-progesterone-synthesis-and-promotes-cell-proliferation
#11
Fan Zhao, Nan Wang, Yanglei Yi, Pengfei Lin, Keqiong Tang, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
Luman (also known as LZIP or CREB3) is a transcription factor and a member of the cAMP responsive element-binding (CREB) family proteins. Although Luman has been detected in apoptotic granulosa cells and disorganized atretic bodies, the physiological function of Luman in follicular development has not been reported. Our objective is to determine the role of Luman in folliculogenesis by knocking down Luman expression in mouse GCs (granulosa cells) using shRNA. Luman expression was successfully knocked down in mouse GCs at the mRNA and protein level, as confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR, western blot and immunofluorescence staining, respectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960135/impact-of-gnrha-pretreatment-on-the-autotransplatation-efficacy-of-cytopreserved-rat-ovarian-tissue
#12
Xinhui Zhou, Weihua He, Rong Zhu, Yulong Zheng
Pre-therapeutic cryopreservation of ovarian tissue and subsequent transplantation after disease remission has recently emerged as an option to restore endocrinal function and preserve fertility for patients subjected to gonadotoxic treatments such as chemotherapy. However, the relatively low survival rate of follicles after grafting the frozen-thawed ovarian tissue largely limited the application of this technique. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa), owing to their endocrinal regulatory effect, have been successfully used for fertility preservation against gonadotoxic conditions such as cytotoxic agents based anti-cancer therapy...
December 10, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956789/honeybee-product-therapeutic-as-stem-cells-homing-for-ovary-failure
#13
Erma Safitri, Thomas V Widiyatno, R Heru Prasetyo
AIM: Complexity of the method of isolation, cultivation in vitro and the expensive cost of transplantation process of stem cells, it would require an innovation to homing and differentiation of stem cells and increase folliculogenesis. The stem cells homing was achieved through the provision of food or beverages derived from natural materials like honeybee product. Through honeybee product, there will be homing of stem cells and accompany with the sources from the body itself will take place in regeneration of the ovary...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940565/differentially-expressed-genes-and-gene-networks-involved-in-pig-ovarian-follicular-atresia
#14
Elena Terenina, Stephane Fabre, Agnes Bonnet, Danielle Monniaux, Christele Robert-Granie, Magali SanCristobal, Julien Sarry, Florence Vignoles, Florence Gondret, Philippe Monget, Gwenola Tosser-Klopp
Ovarian folliculogenesis corresponds to the development of follicles leading to either ovulation or degeneration, this latter process being called atresia. Even if atresia involves apoptosis, its mechanism is not well-understood. The objective of this project was to analyse global gene expression in pig granulosa cells of ovarian follicles during atresia. The transcriptome analysis was performed using 9216 cDNAs microarray to identify gene networks and candidate genes involved in pig ovarian follicular atresia...
December 9, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935102/differential-expression-of-newly-identified-long-intergenic-non-coding-rnas-in-buffalo-oocytes-indicating-their-possible-role-in-maturation-and-embryonic-development
#15
Sunny Dholpuria, Manish Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Parul Sarwalia, Sandeep Rajput, Rakesh Kumar, Sachinandan De, Tirtha K Datta
Female germ cell and its intricate milieu regulate key processes of folliculogenesis and early embryonic development. However, the composition and dynamics of the oocyte transcriptome defines its future fertilizing ability which in turn depends on a number of oocyte specific genes whose identities are still unknown. In this context, the construction of buffalo oocyte specific subtracted cDNA library has raised fresh challenges of defining the importance of a battery of oocyte expressed transcripts in oocyte maturation...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930667/protein-phosphatase-6-protects-prophase-i-arrested-oocytes-by-safeguarding-genomic-integrity
#16
Meng-Wen Hu, Tie-Gang Meng, Zong-Zhe Jiang, Ming-Zhe Dong, Heide Schatten, Xingzhi Xu, Zhen-Bo Wang, Qing-Yuan Sun
Mammalian oocytes are arrested at prophase of the first meiotic division in the primordial follicle pool for months, even years, after birth depending on species, and only a limited number of oocytes resume meiosis, complete maturation, and ovulate with each reproductive cycle. We recently reported that protein phosphatase 6 (PP6), a member of the PP2A-like subfamily, which accounts for cellular serine/threonine phosphatase activity, functions in completing the second meiosis. Here, we generated mutant mice with a specific deletion of Ppp6c in oocytes from the primordial follicle stage by crossing Ppp6cF/F mice with Gdf9-Cre mice and found that Ppp6cF/F; GCre+ mice are infertile...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912078/mouse-double-minute-2-homolog-actively-suppresses-p53-activity-in-oocytes-during-mouse-folliculogenesis
#17
Chen-Xi Zhang, Qin Zhang, Yin-Yin Xie, Xue-Yan He, Cong Xiang, Xiao-Shuang Hou, Ying Zhou, Lai Chen, Guo-Xin Zhang, Geng Liu
The p53 signaling network is indispensible in cellular stress responses and tumor suppression. Negative regulations of p53 by mouse double minute 2 and 4 homologs (MDM2) and (MDM4) are an integrated component of the network and have been implicated in regulating the stress responses and the maintenance of normal development and homeostasis of multiple somatic cell lineages. However, the regulatory role of MDM2 on p53 and stress responses in female germ cells remains undetermined. Here, we used the Cre-loxP system to delete Mdm2 in oocytes at different stages of folliculogenesis in mice...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890615/egr2-is-a-gonadotropin-induced-survival-factor-that-controls-the-expression-of-ier3-in-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#18
Hanyong Jin, Miae Won, Eunkyoung Shin, Hong-Man Kim, Kangseok Lee, Jeehyeon Bae
Pituitary gonadotropins are key hormones that orchestrate the growth and development of ovarian follicles. However, limited information is available on intra-ovarian factors that mediate the actions of gonadotropins. In this study, we identified that the early growth response 2 gene (EGR2) is a gonadotropin-inducible gene in granulosa cells of rats and humans. Analysis of consensus EGR-binding elements (EBEs) showed that the immediate early response 3 gene (IER3) is a novel transcriptional target gene of EGR2 as confirmed by the luciferase assay, electrophoretic mobility-shift assay (EMSA), chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and western blot analysis...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890351/unilaminar-follicular-cells-transiently-express-galectin-3-during-ovarian-folliculogenesis-in-pigs
#19
Seung-Dam Heo, Changnam Park, Jeongtae Kim, Meejung Ahn, Taekyun Shin
The localization of galectin-3, a β-galactoside-binding animal lectin, was immunohistochemically studied in the ovaries of pigs to determine its expression in ovarian folliculogenesis. Various stages of ovarian follicles were identified in the ovaries of adult pigs. Galectin-3 was immunostained in the squamous follicular cells surrounding oocytes in primordial follicles and in the unilaminar granulosa cells of primary follicles, but not in oocytes of multilaminar follicles (including primary, secondary, and tertiary Graafian follicles)...
November 17, 2016: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879453/effects-of-supplementation-of-human-endometriotic-fluids-on-in-vitro-mouse-preantral-follicle-culture
#20
Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Seok Hyun Kim
This study aimed to investigate the potential detrimental effect of human endometriotic fluids (EFs) on in vitro growth of mouse preantral follicles. Preantral follicles (isolated from ovaries of 7- to 8-week-old mice) were cultured in growth medium for 10 days and then in maturation medium for 2 days. During in vitro culture, EF supernatants (0%, 2.5%, 5%, and 10%) were supplemented. Meiotic spindle integrity of metaphase II (MII) oocytes was analyzed. Hormone (17β-estradiol and anti-Müllerian hormone [AMH]) levels in the final spent media were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
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