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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921329/preventive-dental-visiting-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-theory-explaining-how-inequalities-arise
#1
Rebecca V Harris, Andrew Pennington, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: In many countries, those with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by poor oral health. This can be attributed, at least in part, to differences in preventive dental visiting. While several theories have been applied to the area, they generally fail to capture the recursive nature of dental visiting behaviour, and fall short of informing the design of complex interventions to tackle inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and synthesis of theory in order to provide an overview of the pathways which bring about socioeconomic inequalities in early dental visiting, and identify possible intervention points...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920315/after-medicaid-expansion-in-kentucky-use-of-hospital-emergency-departments-for-dental-conditions-increased
#2
Natalia Chalmers, Jane Grover, Rob Compton
Access to oral health care is a critical need for the adult Medicaid population. Following the 2014 expansion of Medicaid eligibility in Kentucky, millions of adults became eligible to receive dental benefits. We examined the impact of the expansion on adult Medicaid enrollees' use of hospital emergency departments (EDs) for conditions related to dental or oral health in the period 2010-14. Based on our analysis of data for Kentucky from the State Emergency Department Databases, we found that the rate of discharges for these conditions from the ED increased significantly, from 1,833 per 100,000 population in 2013 to 5,635 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920306/underrepresented-minority-dentists-quantifying-their-numbers-and-characterizing-the-communities-they-serve
#3
Elizabeth A Mertz, Cynthia D Wides, Aubri M Kottek, Jean Marie Calvo, Paul E Gates
The underrepresentation of Blacks, Hispanics or Latinos, and American Indians or Alaska Natives among dentists raises concerns about the diversity of the dental workforce, disparities in access to dental care and in oral health status, and social justice. We quantified the shortage of underrepresented minority dentists and examined these dentists' practice patterns in relation to the characteristics of the communities they serve. The underrepresented minority dentist workforce is disproportionately smaller than, and unevenly distributed in relation to, minority populations in the United States...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#4
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913477/the-value-of-quality-of-life-assessment-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients-receiving-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#5
Fabio Efficace, Laura Cannella
The development of the oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is one of the great triumphs of cancer research. Although the efficacy of TKIs has dramatically improved the disease-specific overall survival rate, the prevalence of CML is increasing worldwide. Currently, CML patients receive prolonged (even lifelong) treatment, and over the last decade, clinical decision making has become challenging. Therefore, consideration of the effects of TKI therapies on patients' quality of life (QoL) and symptom burden (ie, patient-reported outcomes [PROs]) is now critical to more robustly inform patient care and improve health care quality...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#6
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891329/effects-of-lead-in-various-preparatory-stages-of-nagabhasma-on-function-and-histopathology-of-cornu-ammonis-of-hippocampus
#7
Lydia S Quadros, Hemalatha Bangera, Sushma R Kotian, Kumar M R Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Heavy metals are frequently used in the preparations of traditional/folk medicines. One such preparation in Ayurveda is Nagabhasma, in which lead is the main ingredient. Lead is non-essential element to the human body and is known toxic substance to many organ systems. However, it is claimed that, the highly toxic metallic lead will be converted into health beneficial organo-metallic compound when raw lead is subjected to various traditional methods of purification during preparation as mentioned in the ancient medicinal system...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#8
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE:  To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND:  Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843549/comparison-of-foam-swabs-and-toothbrushes-as-oral-hygiene-interventions-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-randomised-split-mouth-study
#9
Paola J Marino, Ailish Hannigan, Sean Haywood, Jade M Cole, Nicki Palmer, Charlotte Emanuel, Tracey Kinsella, Michael A O Lewis, Matt P Wise, David W Williams
INTRODUCTION: During critical illness, dental plaque may serve as a reservoir of respiratory pathogens. This study compared the effectiveness of toothbrushing with a small-headed toothbrush or a foam-headed swab in mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS: This was a randomised, assessor-blinded, split-mouth trial, performed at a single critical care unit. Adult, orally intubated patients with >20 teeth, where >24 hours of mechanical ventilation was expected were included...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821411/the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-can-we-raise-the-standard-of-care
#10
REVIEW
Stanley Victor Catts, Brian Ignatius O'Toole
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that over time health outcomes of people with schizophrenia are deteriorating rather than improving both in terms of mortality rate and levels of morbidity, even in Australia where service resourcing is substantial. Our objective was to examine the evidence of whether poor outcomes reflect decreases in treatment effectiveness and, if so, what are the barriers to improving standards of care. This review will argue that the confidence of clinicians to diagnose schizophrenia early, and provide assertive and long-term care, may be being undermined by a series of controversies in the published literature and discrepancies in clinical practice guidelines...
November 7, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816564/community-health-workers-provide-integrated-community-case-management-using-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-kits
#11
Bright C Orji, Namratha Rao, Elizabeth Thompson, William R Brieger, Emmanuel 'Dipo Otolorin
BACKGROUND: Throughout Nigeria malaria is an endemic disease. Efforts to treat malaria can also be combined with other illnesses including pneumonia and diarrhea, which are killing children under five years of age. The use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) aids early diagnosis of malaria and informs when other illnesses should be considered. Those with positive RDT results should be treated with Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACTs), while those with negative RDTs results are further investigated for pneumonia and diarrhea...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778318/oral-hygiene-care-for-critically-ill-patients-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#12
REVIEW
Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766723/rumination-syndrome-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
I Absah, A Rishi, N J Talley, D Katzka, M Halland
BACKGROUND: Rumination syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by effortless and repetitive regurgitation of recently ingested food from the stomach to the oral cavity followed by either re-swallowing or spitting. Rumination is thought to occur due to a reversal of the esophagogastric pressure gradient. This is achieved by a coordinated abdominothoracic maneuver consisting of a thoracic suction, crural diaphragm relaxation and an increase in intragastric pressure...
October 20, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763935/oral-health-a-critical-influence-on-the-health-of-the-whole
#14
Patti Rager Zuzelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760687/towards-a-fair-consideration-of-prep-as-part-of-combination-hiv-prevention-in-latin-america
#15
Giovanni Ravasi, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Ricardo Baruch, Juan Vicente Guanira, Ricardo Luque, Carlos F Cáceres, Massimo Ghidinelli
INTRODUCTION: Despite progress in scaling up antiretroviral treatment, HIV prevention strategies have not been successful in significantly curbing HIV incidence in Latin America. HIV prevention interventions need to be expanded to target the most affected key populations with a combination approach, including new high impact technologies. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as additional prevention choice for individuals at higher risk of infection and could become a cost-effective prevention tool...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758973/evolution-of-chagas-disease-in-brazil-epidemiological-perspective-and-challenges-for-the-future-a-critical-review
#16
Rafael Bello Corassa, Carmen Aceijas, Paula Aryane Brito Alves, Hemda Garelick
AIMS: This article aimed to provide a critical review of the evolution of Chagas' disease (ChD) in Brazil, its magnitude, historical development and management, and challenges for the future. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, SciELO and Google Scholar and throughout collected articles' references. Narrative analysis was structured around five main themes identified: vector transmission, control programme, transfusion, oral and congenital transmission...
October 10, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758701/targeting-obesity-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-cardiovascular-disease-through-gut-microbiota-herb-interactions-an-opportunity-for-traditional-herbs
#17
Feng Chen, Jun Jiang, Dan-Dan Tian, Qi Wen, Yong-Hui Li, Jun-Qing Zhang, Chen Cheng, Tengfei Wang
Cardiovascular disease still remains the primary cause of death worldwide and the obesity is becoming recognized as one of the most critical contributing risk factors. The increased prevalence of obesity casts a cloud over the global health and the whole societies will still be burdened in the future. Therefore, prevention and therapy of obesity is a beneficial strategy for the prevention of chronic cardiovascular disease. Numerous studies have demonstrated that gut microbiota takes part in human health and disease including obesity...
October 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753980/pl-02-2-perspective-on-elderly-hypertension-in-asia
#18
Yoshihiro Kokubo
Hypertension is one of the strongest risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Recently, accumulating evidence also indicates that hypertension has been linked with non-cardiovascular diseases including dementia, cancer, oral health diseases and so on. In general, elderly individuals tend to have multiple diseases as getting older. Preventing of hypertension is also benefit for other diseases.In the Hisayama Study, hypertension increased the risk of vascular dementia, but were not associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer disease, and that subjects with hypertension in midlife and normotension and hypertension in late-life increased risks of incident vascular dementia...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733188/nurse-performed-screening-for-postextubation-dysphagia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-critically-ill-medical-patients
#19
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730664/toward-a-genetic-understanding-of-dental-fear-evidence-of-heritability
#20
Cameron L Randall, John R Shaffer, Daniel W McNeil, Richard J Crout, Robert J Weyant, Mary L Marazita
OBJECTIVES: Dental fear is a prevalent problem that impacts dental treatment-seeking behavior and thus oral, systemic, and psychological health. Among other important predictors, fear of pain has been shown to be a critical component of dental fear. While learning history (id est, past experience) is known to shape development and maintenance of dental fear and fear of pain, minimal work has addressed genetic etiological variables for these healthcare-related anxieties. With the aim of coming to a more complete conceptualization of dental fear, this study assessed the heritability of dental fear and fear of pain and elucidated the role of genetics in the relation between the constructs...
October 11, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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