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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738310/postural-response-to-predictable-and-nonpredictable-visual-flow-in-children-and-adults
#1
Mark A Schmuckler
Children's (3-5years) and adults' postural reactions to different conditions of visual flow information varying in its frequency content was examined using a moving room apparatus. Both groups experienced four conditions of visual input: low-frequency (0.20Hz) visual oscillations, high-frequency (0.60Hz) oscillations, multifrequency nonpredictable visual input, and no imposed visual information. Analyses of the frequency content of anterior-posterior (AP) sway revealed that postural reactions to the single-frequency conditions replicated previous findings; children were responsive to low- and high-frequency oscillations, whereas adults were responsive to low-frequency information...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737820/effect-of-substrate-concentrations-on-the-aggregation-behavior-and-dynamic-oscillatory-properties-of-self-oscillating-block-copolymers
#2
Ryota Tamate, Takeshi Ueki, Mitsuhiro Shibayama, Ryo Yoshida
We developed a novel type of block copolymer, named the self-oscillating block copolymer, which exhibits autonomous assembly and disassembly driven by the dissipative structures formed by the oscillatory Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. In a catalyst-free BZ solution, this polymer undergoes autonomous structural changes following the periodic redox changes of a metal catalyst incorporated into the polymer side chain. However, until now, a detailed study of the relationship between the dynamic structural changes and polymer solution conditions has not been conducted...
July 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736693/squeezing-effects-applied-in-nonclassical-superposition-states-for-quantum-nanoelectronic-circuits
#3
Jeong Ryeol Choi
Quantum characteristics of a driven series RLC nanoelectronic circuit whose capacitance varies with time are studied using an invariant operator method together with a unitary transformation approach. In particular, squeezing effects and nonclassical properties of a superposition state composed of two displaced squeezed number states of equal amplitude, but 180° out of phase, are investigated in detail. We applied our developments to a solvable specific case obtained from a suitable choice of time-dependent parameters...
2017: Nano Convergence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736543/oscillatory-correlates-of-visual-consciousness
#4
REVIEW
Stefano Gallotto, Alexander T Sack, Teresa Schuhmann, Tom A de Graaf
Conscious experiences are linked to activity in our brain: the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). Empirical research on these NCCs covers a wide range of brain activity signals, measures, and methodologies. In this paper, we focus on spontaneous brain oscillations; rhythmic fluctuations of neuronal (population) activity which can be characterized by a range of parameters, such as frequency, amplitude (power), and phase. We provide an overview of oscillatory measures that appear to correlate with conscious perception...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736520/combined-effects-of-feedforward-inhibition-and-excitation-in-thalamocortical-circuit-on-the-transitions-of-epileptic-seizures
#5
Denggui Fan, Lixia Duan, Qian Wang, Guoming Luan
The mechanisms underlying electrophysiologically observed two-way transitions between absence and tonic-clonic epileptic seizures in cerebral cortex remain unknown. The interplay within thalamocortical network is believed to give rise to these epileptic multiple modes of activity and transitions between them. In particular, it is thought that in some areas of cortex there exists feedforward inhibition from specific relay nucleus of thalamus (TC) to inhibitory neuronal population (IN) which has even more stronger functions on cortical activities than the known feedforward excitation from TC to excitatory neuronal population (EX)...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736261/genetic-disruption-of-the-cardiomyocyte-circadian-clock-differentially-influences-insulin-mediated-processes-in-the-heart
#6
Graham R McGinnis, Yawen Tang, Rachel A Brewer, Manoja K Brahma, Haley L Stanley, Gobinath Shanmugam, Namakkal Soorappan Rajasekaran, Glenn C Rowe, Stuart J Frank, Adam R Wende, E Dale Abel, Heinrich Taegtmeyer, Silvio Litovsky, Victor Darley-Usmar, Jianhua Zhang, John C Chatham, Martin E Young
Cardiovascular physiology exhibits time-of-day-dependent oscillations, which are mediated by both extrinsic (e.g., environment/behavior) and intrinsic (e.g., circadian clock) factors. Disruption of circadian rhythms negatively affects multiple cardiometabolic parameters. Recent studies suggest that the cardiomyocyte circadian clock directly modulates responsiveness of the heart to metabolic stimuli (e.g., fatty acids) and stresses (e.g., ischemia/reperfusion). The aim of this study was to determine whether genetic disruption of the cardiomyocyte circadian clock impacts insulin-regulated pathways in the heart...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735144/entorhinal-tau-pathology-disrupts-hippocampal-prefrontal-oscillatory-coupling-during-associative-learning
#7
Stephanie E Tanninen, Bardia Nouriziabari, Mark D Morrissey, Rami Bakir, Robert D Dayton, Ronald L Klein, Kaori Takehara-Nishiuchi
A neural signature of asymptomatic preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) is disrupted connectivity between brain regions; however, its underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we tested whether a preclinical pathologic feature, tau aggregation in the entorhinal cortex (EC) is sufficient to disrupt the coordination of local field potentials (LFPs) between its efferent regions. P301L-mutant human tau or green fluorescent protein (GFP) was virally overexpressed in the EC of adult rats. LFPs were recorded from the dorsal hippocampus and prelimbic medial prefrontal cortex while the rats underwent trace eyeblink conditioning where they learned to associate 2 stimuli separated by a short time interval...
July 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735084/a-category-specific-top-down-attentional-set-can-affect-the-neural-responses-outside-the-current-focus-of-attention
#8
Yunpeng Jiang, Xia Wu, Xiaorong Gao
A top-down set can guide attention to enhance the processing of task-relevant objects. Many studies have found that the top-down set can be tuned to a category level. However, it is unclear whether the category-specific top-down set involving a central search task can exist outside the current area of attentional focus. To directly probe the neural responses inside and outside the current focus of attention, we recorded continuous EEG to measure the contralateral ERP components for central targets and the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) oscillations associated with a flickering checkerboard placed on the visual periphery...
July 19, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735076/quantifying-the-influence-of-oscillatory-flow-disturbances-on-blood-flow
#9
Sargon A Gabriel, Yan Ding, Yuqing Feng
Pulsatile blood flow is renowned for inducing localised flow disturbances that are characterised by significant oscillations. These flow disturbances are recognised to have a physiologic significance within the cardiovascular system, particularly with respect to their proatherogenic expression on endothelial cells. Flow disturbances also impart significant influence on the mechanics of cardiovascular flow and are formally shown in the present study to be coupled to the period-average behaviour of a pulsatile flow field, causing it to be misrepresented by its steady-equivalent; which is often used in models of atherogenesis and hence limits their reliability...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735034/language-a-fresh-concept-to-integrate-syntactic-and-semantic-information-in-life-sciences
#10
Rémi Tournebize, Cédric Gaucherel
Several fields in biology tend to view the concept of information from one or the other of two extreme positions. Exclusionists base their stance of total rejection on gene-centrism and gene-determinism, typified by the recently-established endo-Darwinist school of life sciences. At the other end of the spectrum, there is total acceptance, as in the newly developed information-centred paradigms that populate biosemiotics. We propose in this paper to split the informational concepts into two irreducible (but linked) poles: the syntactic (concerned with the quantification of the information structure or complexity in a system), and the semantic (concerned with the organization rules and causality weights of interactions in a system)...
July 19, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734307/a-confinement-induced-spectroscopic-study-of-noble-gas-atoms-using-equation-of-motion-architecture-encapsulation-within-fullerene-s-voids
#11
Supriya K Chaudhuri, Rajat K Chaudhuri, Prasanta K Mukherjee, Sudip Chattopadhyay
A relativistic study of spectroscopic properties of the endohedral fullerenes Ng@C60(q) (where Ng = He, Ne and q=0,±1,±2 are the charges) associated with the C60 molecule has been done using the equation of motion coupled cluster (EOM-CC) methodology. Specific properties estimated are the transition energies, dipole oscillator strengths, and transition probabilities for the low-lying excitations 1s(2)((1)S0) → 1snp ((1)P1) (n = 2, 3, 4) for He@C60(q) and 1s(2)2s(2)2p(6) ((1)S0) → 1s(2)2s(2)2p(5)ns∕nd ((1)P1) (n = 3, 4) for Ne@C60(q), which have been compared with those for the isolated atom to depict the confinement effect of the host molecule on the encapsulated atom...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734301/communication-influence-of-external-static-and-alternating-electric-fields-on-water-from-long-time-non-equilibrium-ab-initio-molecular-dynamics
#12
Zdenek Futera, Niall J English
The response of water to externally applied electric fields is of central relevance in the modern world, where many extraneous electric fields are ubiquitous. Historically, the application of external fields in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics has been restricted, by and large, to relatively inexpensive, more or less sophisticated, empirical models. Here, we report long-time non-equilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics in both static and oscillating (time-dependent) external electric fields, therefore opening up a new vista in rigorous studies of electric-field effects on dynamical systems with the full arsenal of electronic-structure methods...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734284/cage-model-of-polar-fluids-finite-cage-inertia-generalization
#13
W T Coffey, M Zarifakis, Y P Kalmykov, S V Titov, W J Dowling, A S Titov
The itinerant oscillator model describing rotation of a dipole about a fixed axis inside a cage formed by its surrounding polar molecules is revisited in the context of modeling the dielectric relaxation of a polar fluid via the Langevin equation. The dynamical properties of the model are studied by averaging the Langevin equations describing the complex orientational dynamics of two bodies (molecule-cage) over their realizations in phase space so that the problem reduces to solving a system of three index linear differential-recurrence relations for the statistical moments...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733580/implementing-a-universal-gate-set-on-a-logical-qubit-encoded-in-an-oscillator
#14
Reinier W Heeres, Philip Reinhold, Nissim Ofek, Luigi Frunzio, Liang Jiang, Michel H Devoret, Robert J Schoelkopf
A logical qubit is a two-dimensional subspace of a higher dimensional system, chosen such that it is possible to detect and correct the occurrence of certain errors. Manipulation of the encoded information generally requires arbitrary and precise control over the entire system. Whether based on multiple physical qubits or larger dimensional modes such as oscillators, the individual elements in realistic devices will always have residual interactions, which must be accounted for when designing logical operations...
July 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733314/effects-of-an-airway-clearance-device-on-inflammation-bacteriology-and-mucus-transport-in-bronchiectasis
#15
Joana Tambascio, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Roberto Martinez, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Peter John Barnes, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by abnormal and permanent dilation of the bronchi, caused by the perpetuation of inflammation and impairment of mucociliary clearance. Physiotherapy techniques can help to decrease the retention of respiratory secretions. The flutter valve combines high-frequency oscillation and positive expiratory pressure to facilitate the removal of secretions. We evaluated the effects of the flutter valve on sputum inflammation, microbiology, and transport of respiratory secretions in patients with bronchiectasis...
August 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732467/minimal-tool-set-for-a-prokaryotic-circadian-clock
#16
Nicolas M Schmelling, Robert Lehmann, Paushali Chaudhury, Christian Beck, Sonja-Verena Albers, Ilka M Axmann, Anika Wiegard
BACKGROUND: Circadian clocks are found in organisms of almost all domains including photosynthetic Cyanobacteria, whereby large diversity exists within the protein components involved. In the model cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 circadian rhythms are driven by a unique KaiABC protein clock, which is embedded in a network of input and output factors. Homologous proteins to the KaiABC clock have been observed in Bacteria and Archaea, where evidence for circadian behavior in these domains is accumulating...
July 21, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732162/dynamical-design-of-spatial-patterns-of-colloidal-suspensions
#17
Nuno Am Araujo, Dmitry Zezyulin, Vladimir Konotop, Margarida M Telo da Gama
We study the collective dynamics of colloidal suspensions in the presence of a time-dependent potential, by means of dynamical density functional theory. We consider a non-linear diffusion equation for the density and show that spatial patterns emerge from a sinusoidal external potential with a time-dependent wavelength. These patterns are characterized by a sinusoidal density with the average wavelength and a Bessel-function envelope with an induced wavelength that depends only on the amplitude of the temporal oscillations...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732105/shining-a-light-on-the-arabidopsis-circadian-clock
#18
REVIEW
Rachael J Oakenfull, Seth J Davis
The circadian clock provides essential timing information to ensure optimal growth to prevailing external environmental conditions. A major time-setting mechanism (zeitgeber) in clock synchronisation is light. Differing light wavelengths, intensities and photoperiodic duration are processed for the clock-setting mechanism. Many studies on light-input pathways to the clock have focused on Arabidopsis thaliana. Photoreceptors are specific chromic proteins that detect light signals and transmit this information to the central circadian oscillator through a number of different signalling mechanisms...
July 21, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732063/dopamine-acting-at-d1-like-d2-like-and-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-receptors-differentially-modulates-theta-and-gamma-oscillatory-activity-in-primary-motor-cortex
#19
Mazhar Özkan, Nicholas W Johnson, Umit S Sehirli, Gavin L Woodhall, Ian M Stanford
The loss of dopamine (DA) in Parkinson's is accompanied by the emergence of exaggerated theta and beta frequency neuronal oscillatory activity in the primary motor cortex (M1) and basal ganglia. DA replacement therapy or deep brain stimulation reduces the power of these oscillations and this is coincident with an improvement in motor performance implying a causal relationship. Here we provide in vitro evidence for the differential modulation of theta and gamma activity in M1 by DA acting at receptors exhibiting conventional and non-conventional DA pharmacology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731746/transference-of-fermi-contour-anisotropy-to-composite-fermions
#20
Insun Jo, K A Villegas Rosales, M A Mueed, L N Pfeiffer, K W West, K W Baldwin, R Winkler, Medini Padmanabhan, M Shayegan
There has been a surge of recent interest in the role of anisotropy in interaction-induced phenomena in two-dimensional (2D) charged carrier systems. A fundamental question is how an anisotropy in the energy-band structure of the carriers at zero magnetic field affects the properties of the interacting particles at high fields, in particular of the composite fermions (CFs) and the fractional quantum Hall states (FQHSs). We demonstrate here tunable anisotropy for holes and hole-flux CFs confined to GaAs quantum wells, via applying in situ in-plane strain and measuring their Fermi wave vector anisotropy through commensurability oscillations...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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