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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534797/transition-icons-for-time-series-visualization-and-exploratory-analysis
#1
Paul Nickerson, Raheleh Baharloo, Amal A Wanigatunga, Todd D Manini, Patrick J Tighe, Parisa Rashidi
The modern healthcare landscape has seen the rapid emergence of techniques and devices which temporally monitor and record physiological signals. The prevalence of time series data within the healthcare field necessitates the development of methods which can analyze the data in order to draw meaningful conclusions. Time series behavior is notoriously difficult to intuitively understand due to its intrinsic high-dimensionality, which is compounded in the case of analyzing groups of time series collected from different patients...
May 16, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534211/associations-between-yoga-practice-and-joint-problems-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-9151-australian-women
#2
Romy Lauche, Dania Schumann, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
Yoga exercises have been associated with joint problems recently, indicating that yoga practice might be potentially dangerous for joint health. This study aimed to analyse whether regular yoga practice is associated with the frequency of joint problems in upper middle-aged Australian women. Women aged 62-67 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were questioned in 2013 whether they experienced regular joint pain or problems in the past 12 months and whether they regularly practiced yoga...
May 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533697/a-comparison-of-predictors-and-intensity-of-acute-postsurgical-pain-in-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Patrícia R Pinto, Teresa McIntyre, Vera Araújo-Soares, Patrício Costa, Ramón Ferrero, Armando Almeida
BACKGROUND: Acute pain is an expected result after surgery. Nevertheless, when not appropriately controlled, acute pain has a very negative impact on individual clinical outcomes, impairing healing and recovery, and has clear consequences on health care system costs. Augmenting knowledge on predictors and potentially modifiable determinants of acute postsurgical pain can facilitate early identification of and intervention in patients at risk. However, only a few studies have examined and compared acute pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533694/the-improved-quality-of-postoperative-analgesia-after-intrathecal-morphine-does-not-result-in-improved-recovery-and-quality-of-life-in-the-first-6-months-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#4
Nilufar Foadi, Matthias Karst, Anika Frese-Gaul, Niels Rahe-Meyer, Stefan Krömer, Christian Weilbach
OBJECTIVE: In orthopedic surgery, it is well known that the use of intrathecal morphine (ITM) leads to an improved quality of postoperative analgesia. Little is known how this improved analgesia affects the long-term course after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement surgery in spinal anesthesia...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532870/effects-of-medical-exercise-therapy-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-six-months-follow-up-a-pilot-study
#5
Håvard Østerås, Fredrik Paulsberg, Stian Endré Olsen, Berit Østerås, Tom Arild Torstensen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no consensus regarding what type of exercises, combination of exercises or exercise dosage is most effective in patients with long-term hip arthrosis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different exercise programs related to dose-response relationships. METHOD: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial with 6 months follow where 33 participants were randomly assigned to either high repetitive, high dosage medical exercise therapy (MET) (n = 16) or low dosage exercise therapy (ET) (n = 17)...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530031/celecoxib-for-osteoarthritis
#6
REVIEW
Livia Puljak, Ana Marin, Davorka Vrdoljak, Filipa Markotic, Ana Utrobicic, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage and growth of new bone, cartilage and connective tissue. It is often associated with major disability and impaired quality of life. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment to improve OA symptoms. Celecoxib is a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits (pain, function, quality of life) and safety (withdrawals due to adverse effects, serious adverse effects, overall discontinuation rates) of celecoxib in osteoarthritis (OA)...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529867/efficacy-of-antibiotic-suppressive-therapy-in-patients-with-a-prosthetic-joint-infection
#7
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Jasperina M Nijman, Greetje A Kampinga, Sander van Assen, Paul C Jutte
Introduction: For chronic prosthetic joint infections (PJI), complete removal of the infected prosthesis is necessary in order to cure the infection. Unfortunately, a subgroup of patients is not able to undergo a revision surgery due to high surgical risk. Alternatively, these patients can be treated with antibiotic suppressive therapy (AST) to suppress the infection. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of AST. Methods: We retrospectively collected data (period 2009-2015) from patients with a PJI (of hip, knee or shoulder) who were treated with AST at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529661/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-management-and-the-arthroscope
#8
F Accadbled, O May, C Thévenin-Lemoine, J Sales de Gauzy
BACKGROUND: In situ pinning of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in various degrees of deformity of the femoral head-neck junction. Repetitive trauma from cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to labral tears and injury to the articular cartilage causing loss of function. Arthroscopic osteoplasty is an alternative to open procedure and to Southwick/Imhäuser-type osteotomies in symptomatic selected cases. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The amount of bone to be resected has to be carefully planned pre-operatively...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529110/the-double-cup-construct-a-novel-treatment-strategy-for-the-management-of-paprosky-iiia-and-iiib-acetabular-defects
#9
Jonathan E Webb, Robert J McGill, Brian T Palumbo, Wayne E Moschetti, Daniel M Estok
BACKGROUND: Treatment of massive acetabular bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty is complex, and various treatment strategies have been described. We describe a novel technique of using a Trabecular Metal Revision Shell as a buttress augment creating a "double-cup" construct rather than the use of custom triflanges or cup-cage constructs for Paprosky types IIIA and IIIB acetabular defects. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 double-cup cases at a mean of 2...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528759/replicate-effects-and-test-retest-reliability-of-quantitative-sensory-threshold-testing-in-dogs-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#10
David Knazovicky, Erika S Helgeson, Beth Case, Andrea Thomson, Margaret E Gruen, William Maixner, B Duncan X Lascelles
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate replicate effects and test-retest reliability of mechanical and thermal quantitative sensory testing (QST) in normal dogs and dogs with osteoarthritis (OA)-associated pain. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 54 client owned dogs (OA, n=31; controls, n=23). METHODS: Mechanical [electronic von Frey (EVF) and blunt pressure] and thermal (hot and cold) sensory thresholds were obtained in dogs with OA-associated pain and control dogs at two visits, 7 days apart, to assess test-retest reliability...
January 10, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527701/reasons-for-and-functional-results-of-repeated-hip-arthroscopy-a-continuous-prospective-study-of-17-revisions-out-of-295-primary-hip-arthroscopies-at-mean-28-months-follow-up
#11
C Tissot, L Merlini, M Mercier, N Bonin
INTRODUCTION: The rate of iterative arthroscopy has been increasing over the last decade as the technique has grown. The results of and reasons for these revision procedures, however, are not exactly known. We therefore conducted a prospective study to shed light on 1) functional results and patient satisfaction following repeated arthroscopy, and 2) the relevant indications. HYPOTHESIS: Functional scores and patient satisfaction increase following repeated arthroscopy...
May 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526267/neurological-heterotopic-ossification-current-understanding-and-future-directions
#12
Rhys D Brady, Sandy R Shultz, Stuart J McDonald, Terence J O'Brien
Neurological heterotopic ossification (NHO) involves the formation of bone in soft tissue following a neurological condition, of which the most common are brain and spinal cord injuries. NHO often forms around the hip, knee and shoulder joints, causing severe pain and joint deformation which is associated with significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. The cellular and molecular events that initiate NHO have been the focus of an increasing number of human and animal studies over the past decade, with this work largely driven by the need to unearth potential therapeutic interventions to prevent the formation of NHO...
May 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525512/parecoxib-supplementation-to-morphine-analgesia-decreases-incidence-of-delirium-in-elderly-patients-after-hip-or-knee-replacement-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Dong-Liang Mu, Da-Zhi Zhang, Dong-Xin Wang, Geng Wang, Chun-Jing Li, Zhao-Ting Meng, Ya-Wei Li, Chao Liu, Xue-Ying Li
BACKGROUND: Severe pain and high-dose opioids are both associated with increased risk of postoperative delirium. The authors investigated whether parecoxib-supplemented IV morphine analgesia could decrease the incidence of delirium in elderly patients after total hip or knee replacement surgery. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, 2-center trial, patients of 60 years or older who underwent elective total hip or knee replacement surgery were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either parecoxib (40 mg at the end of surgery and then every 12 hours for 3 days) or placebo (normal saline)...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524751/pseudogout-of-the-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-mimicking-infection-after-lumbar-fusion-case-report
#14
Kelly J Bridges, Carli L Bullis, Ajay Wanchu, Khoi D Than
Pseudogout is a form of acute calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease that typically afflicts the elderly. CPPD commonly involves larger joints, such as the knees, wrists, shoulders, and hips, and has been known to involve the spine. The authors report the case of a 66-year-old woman with a recent history of lumbar laminectomy and fusion who presented 5 weeks postprocedure with a clinical and radiographic picture consistent with multilevel skip lesions involving the cervical and thoracic spine, thoracic discitis, and epidural abscess...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520460/the-influence-of-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-with-capsular-plication-for-the-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#15
Bryan M Saltzman, Benjamin D Kuhns, Bryce Basques, Timothy Leroux, Jennifer Alter, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown how variations in body mass index (BMI) influence outcomes after primary hip arthroscopic surgery with capsular plication for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect that abnormal BMI (namely, overweight, obese, morbidly obese, and underweight) versus normal weight has on patient-reported clinical outcomes more than 2 years postoperatively from primary hip arthroscopic surgery with capsular plication by a single surgeon...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516234/assessing-long-term-return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopy-in-football-players-evaluating-risk-factors-for-good-prognosis
#16
D Barastegui, R Seijas, P Alvarez-Diaz, E Rivera, E Alentorn-Geli, G Steinbacher, X Cuscó, R Cugat
PURPOSE: Groin pain is the third most common disease in football players and has often been associated with hip pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement and labral lesions. Hip arthroscopy offers possibilities of function restoration via minimally invasive procedures. The aim of this study is to evaluate professional football player's injuries and their return to play after hip arthroscopy for FAI and labral injuries. METHODS: Patients that underwent hip arthroscopy between 2009 and 2014 were selected retrospectively...
May 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514698/clinical-outcomes-and-frontal-plane-two-dimensional-biomechanics-during-the-30-second-single-leg-stance-test-in-patients-before-and-after-hip-abductor-tendon-reconstructive-surgery
#17
Rose E Huxtable, Timothy R Ackland, Gregory C Janes, Jay R Ebert
BACKGROUND: Hip abductor tendon tears are a common cause of Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome. Conservative treatments are often ineffective and surgical reconstruction may be recommended. This study investigated the improvement in clinical outcomes and frontal plane two-dimensional biomechanics during a 30-second single leg stance test, in patients undergoing reconstruction. We hypothesized that clinical scores and pertinent biomechanical variables would significantly improve post-surgery, and these outcomes would be significantly correlated...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513275/relationship-between-lower-extremity-strength-and-subjective-function-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain
#18
Neal R Glaviano, Susan Saliba
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the relationship between subjective knee function and lower extremity strength in individuals with patellofemoral pain(PFP). DESIGN: Cohort. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 30 individuals with PFP (20 females, 10 males; 76.02±17.88kg, 173.04±7.58cm, 24.9±7years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects completed the Activities of Daily Living Scale(ADLS) and had lower extremity hip and knee isometric strength assessed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513082/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-difficulty-walking-a-population-based-study
#19
Lauren K King, Tetyana Kendzerska, Esther J Waugh, Gillian A Hawker
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) to walking difficulty. METHODS: A population cohort aged ≥55 years recruited from 1996-98 (n=28,451) completed a standardized questionnaire assessing demographics, health conditions, joint complaints and functional limitations, including difficulty walking in the past 3 months. Survey data were linked to health administrative databases; self-report and administrative data were used to identify health conditions...
May 17, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512691/complete-circumferential-osseous-extension-in-the-acetabular-rim-occurs-regardless-of-acetabular-coverage
#20
Keisuke Watarai, Fumihiko Kimura, Yuho Kadono, Yoon Taek Kim, Mamoru Niitsu, Hiromi Oda, Hirohiko Azuma
BACKGROUND: Complete circumferential osseous extension in the acetabular rim has been reported to occur in the deep hip with pincer impingement. However, this phenomenon occasionally is observed in dysplastic hips without pincer impingement, and the degree to which this finding might or might not be associated with hip pain, and how often it occurs bilaterally among patients, are not well characterized. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To determine the proportion of patients with complete circumferential osseous extension in the acetabular rim using three-dimensional (3-D) CT in patients with and without hip pain who had CT scans obtained for various reasons...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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