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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667934/brain-computer-interaction-for-online-enhancement-of-visuospatial-attention-performance
#1
Romain Trachel, Thomas Brochier, Maureen Clerc
OBJECTIVE: the goal of this study is to investigate whether BCI that decode the location of covert attention can be leveraged to enhance visuospatial attention performance. Here, the covert attention task is to discriminate the orientation of a low-contrast target embedded in dynamic noise. Visuospatial attention performance is measured by the reaction time and the accuracy of target discrimination. APPROACH: The target location is indicated by a central cue made of randomly moving dots providing either predictive or ambiguous information...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667312/predatory-publishing-and-cybercrime-targeting-academics
#2
Mary Grace Umlauf, Yuki Mochizuki
The purpose of this report is to inform and warn academics about practices used by cybercriminals who seek to profit from unwary scholars and undermine the industry of science. This report describes the signs, symptoms, characteristics, and consequences of predatory publishing and related forms of consumer fraud. Methods to curb these cybercrimes include educating scholars and students about tactics used by predatory publishers; institutional changes in how faculty are evaluated using publications; soliciting cooperation from the industries that support academic publishing and indexing to curb incorporation of illegitimate journals; and taking an offensive position by reporting these consumer fraud crimes to the authorities...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666748/mass-gathering-enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-the-8th-micronesian-games-in-2014-pohnpei-state-federated-states-of-micronesia
#3
Paul White, Salanieta Saketa, Eliaser Johnson, Sameer V Gopalani, Eliashib Edward, Charles Loney, Alize Mercier, Tebuka Toatu, Richard Wojcik, Sheri Lewis, Damian Hoy
Pohnpei State's Division of Primary Health Care implemented enhanced surveillance for early warning and detection of disease to support the 8th Micronesian Games (the Games) in July 2014. The surveillance comprised 11 point-of-care sentinel sites around Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, collecting data daily for eight syndromes using standard case definitions. Each sentinel site reported total acute care encounters, total syndrome cases and the total for each syndrome. A public health response, including epidemiological investigation and laboratory testing, followed when syndrome counts reached predetermined threshold levels...
January 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665783/surveillance-on-the-endemic-of-zika-virus-infection-by-meteorological-factors-in-colombia-a-population-based-spatial-and-temporal-study
#4
Lung-Chang Chien, Ro-Ting Lin, Yunqi Liao, Francisco S Sy, Adriana Pérez
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is a pandemic and a public health emergency. It is transmitted by mosquitoes, primarily the Aedes genus. In light of no treatment currently, it is crucial to develop effective vector control programs to prevent the spread of ZIKV infection earlier when observing possible risk factors, such as weather conditions enhancing mosquito breeding and surviving. METHODS: This study collected daily meteorological measurements and weekly ZIKV infectious cases among 32 departments of Colombia from January 2015-December 2016...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665195/the-banner-of-hope-and-solidarity-after-mass-murder
#5
Shane M Summers
On November 5, 2017, Brooke Army Medical Center emergency department (ED) was faced with the unthinkable: the deadliest mass shooting in Texas history, where 26 souls lost their lives attending church services in Sutherland Springs. That Sunday morning our trauma center received eight gunshot wound victims, 2 of whom were minors. Without warning, our residents faced a situation that they had only read about in textbooks. The residents led the trauma resuscitations that day and did so brilliantly. This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664177/-osler-warned-was-william-osler-a-grave-robber-while-at-mcgill-or-was-he-a-victim-or-perpetrator-of-one-final-practical-joke
#6
James R Wright
Bodysnatching was an illegal way to procure cadavers for anatomical dissection before the existence of effective anatomy legislation. As knowledge of anatomy was fundamental to medical practice, many famous 19th century physicians turned a blind eye to this activity or even participated. Sir William Osler, perhaps the most revered physician of all time, received his medical degree from McGill University in 1872 and then served as pathologist at Montreal General Hospital from 1874 to 1884, where he began a career which culminated in him becoming both the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and then Regius Professor at Oxford...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662893/detecting-early-warning-signal-of-influenza-a-disease-using-sample-specific-dynamical-network-biomarkers
#7
Shanshan Zhu, Jie Gao, Tao Ding, Junhua Xu, Min Wu
Aims/Introduction . Evidences have shown that the deteriorated procession of disease is not a smooth change with time and conditions, in which a critical transition point denoted as predisease state drives the state from normal to disease. Considering individual differences, this paper provides a sample-specific method that constructs an index with individual-specific dynamical network biomarkers (DNB) which are defined as early warning index (EWI) for detecting predisease state of individual sample. Based on microarray data of influenza A disease, 144 genes are selected as DNB and the 7th time period is defined as predisease state...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662878/selective-detection-of-lysozyme-biomarker-utilizing-large-area-chemical-vapor-deposition-grown-graphene-based-field-effect-transistor
#8
Sujoy Ghosh, Niazul I Khan, John G Tsavalas, Edward Song
Selective and rapid detection of biomarkers is of utmost importance in modern day health care for early stage diagnosis to prevent fatal diseases and infections. Among several protein biomarkers, the role of lysozyme has been found to be especially important in human immune system to prevent several bacterial infections and other chronic disease such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Thus, real-time monitoring of lysozyme concentration in a human body can pave a facile route for early warning for potential bacterial infections...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661189/origins-in-the-usa-in-the-1980s-of-the-warning-that-smokeless-tobacco-is-not-a-safe-alternative-to-cigarettes-a-historical-documents-based-assessment-with-implications-for-comparative-warnings-on-less-harmful-tobacco-nicotine-products
#9
Lynn T Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Before the 1980s in the USA, smokeless tobacco carried no health warnings, was not judged to cause disease, and was a declining practice. In 1986, the federal government passed legislation requiring rotating warnings on "mouth cancer," "gum disease and tooth loss," and "This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes." This paper explores the history of the establishment of these warnings with emphasis on the 'not a safe alternative' warning and the bases for claiming that smokeless was 'not safe' (absolute harm) versus 'not safer than cigarettes' (relative harm)...
April 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660586/open-external-circuit-for-microbial-fuel-cell-sensor-to-monitor-the-nitrate-in-aquatic-environment
#10
Donglin Wang, Peng Liang, Yong Jiang, Panpan Liu, Bo Miao, Wen Hao, Xia Huang
This study employed an open external circuit, rather than a closed circuit applied in previous studies, to operate an microbial fuel cell (MFC) sensor for real-time nitrate monitoring, and achieved surprisingly greater sensitivity (4.42 ± 0.3-6.66 ± 0.4 mV/(mg/L)) when the nitrate was at a concentration of 10-40 mg/L, compared to that of the MFC sensor with a closed circuit (0.8 ± 0.05-1.6 ± 0.1 mV/(mg/L)). The MFC sensor operated in open circuit (O-MFC sensor) delivered much more stable performance than that operated in closed circuit (C-MFC sensor) when affected by organic matter (NaAc)...
April 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660157/two-types-of-vigilance-are-essential-to-effective-hazard-management-maintaining-both-together-is-difficult
#11
Robert Goble, Vicki Bier, Ortwin Renn
Flexibility and adaptability are key capabilities for coping with persistent and pervasive uncertainties. The systematic organization of these capabilities is often called "adaptive management"; it is key to effective hazard management and important in risk governance. Vigilance is a requirement for effective adaptation. However, two distinct types of vigilance are necessary. Type 1 vigilance directly supports adaptive management. It is vigilance when you know what you are looking for: warning signals, filling gaps in knowledge, making sure that systems are working, etc...
April 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659576/the-non-linear-and-lagged-short-term-relationship-between-rainfall-and-leptospirosis-and-the-intermediate-role-of-floods-in-the-philippines
#12
Naohiko Matsushita, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yoonhee Kim, Motoi Suzuki, Nobuo Saito, Koya Ariyoshi, Eumelia P Salva, Efren M Dimaano, Jose B Villarama, Winston S Go, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a worldwide bacterial zoonosis. Outbreaks of leptospirosis after heavy rainfall and flooding have been reported. However, few studies have formally quantified the effect of weather factors on leptospirosis incidence. We estimated the association between rainfall and leptospirosis cases in an urban setting in Manila, the Philippines, and examined the potential intermediate role of floods in this association. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Relationships between rainfall and the weekly number of hospital admissions due to leptospirosis from 2001 to 2012 were analyzed using a distributed lag non-linear model in a quasi-Poisson regression framework, controlling for seasonally varying factors other than rainfall...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658955/the-effect-of-a-loss-of-model-structural-detail-due-to-network-skeletonization-on-contamination-warning-system-design-case-studies
#13
Michael J Davis, Robert Janke
The effect of limitations in the structural detail available in a network model on contamination warning system (CWS) design was examined in case studies using the original and skeletonized network models for two water distribution systems (WDSs). The skeletonized models were used as proxies for incomplete network models. CWS designs were developed by optimizing sensor placements for worst-case and mean-case contamination events. Designs developed using the skeletonized network models were transplanted into the original network model for evaluation...
January 4, 2018: Drinking water engineering and science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658616/multiple-tobacco-use-among-young-adult-waterpipe-smokers-in-egypt
#14
Aya Mostafa, Moustafa El Houssinie, Aisha Aboul Fotouh
Background: The use of multiple tobacco products is an emerging trend. Studies on multiple use among waterpipe smokers are limited. Objectives: We aimed to estimate the proportion of other tobacco products used by current adult waterpipe smokers in Egypt and identify the determinants of multiple tobacco product use. Methods: Population-based surveys were conducted using interview questionnaires during 2015-2017 in urban Cairo and rural Menoufia...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657699/review-on-the-implementation-of-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-about-tobacco-control-based-on-mpower-in-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-by-the-world-health-organization
#15
REVIEW
Mahmood Alimohammadi, Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Victoria Momenabadi, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi, Kamaladdin Karimyan
Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, enforce and raise (MPOWER) policy. Methods: All laws approved by the Parliament along with the instructions on tobacco control prepared by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade were collected and studied...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657542/accuracy-of-computer-guided-surgery-for-dental-implant-placement-in-fully-edentulous-patients-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Amaral Alves Marlière, Maurício Silva Demétrio, Leonardo Santos Picinini, Rodrigo Guerra De Oliveira, Henrique Duque De Miranda Chaves Netto
Assess clinical studies regarding accuracy between virtual planning of computer-guided surgery and actual outcomes of dental implant placements in total edentulous alveolar ridges. A PubMed search was performed to identify only clinical studies published between 2011 and 2016, searching the following combinations of keywords: "Accuracy AND Computer-Assisted Surgery AND Dental Implants." Study designs were identified using the terms: Case Reports, Clinical study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, humans...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656532/of-lamp-posts-keys-and-fabled-drunkards-a-perspectival-tale-of-4-guidelines
#17
Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine is the application of research findings to inform individual clinical decisions. There is a tension-both philosophical and practical-between the average result from a population study and the circumstances and needs of an individual patient. This personal account of "evidence-based" trauma care illustrates and explores this tension. THE CASE: The author, a keen athlete, describes her experience of a high-impact cycle accident that led to limb fractures (which were diagnosed and treated according to evidence-based guidelines) and also an occult injury to the cervical spine (which was not diagnosed at the time)...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656191/instability-diagnosis-and-syntrophic-acetate-oxidation-during-thermophilic-digestion-of-vegetable-waste
#18
Dong Li, Yi Ran, Lin Chen, Qin Cao, Zhidong Li, Xiaofeng Liu
Effective process monitoring and instability diagnosis are important for stable anaerobic digestion (AD) of vegetable waste (VW). In order to evaluate the performance of thermophilic digestion of VW, to make early diagnosis for instability after organic overload, and to reveal the dynamics of microbial community under different running states, thermophilic AD of VW was carried out under improved organic loading rates (OLR) of 0.5-2.5 g volatile solid (VS)/(L ∙ d) in this study. Gaseous parameters including volumetric methane production rate (VMPR), CH4 , CO2 , and H2 concentrations, and liquid parameters including pH, oxidation-reduction potential, volatile fatty acid (VFA), and total alkalinity (TA), bicarbonate alkalinity (BA), intermediate alkalinity (IA), and ammonia, were monitored...
April 10, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655783/cytoto-xicity-of-34-fda-approved-small-molecule-kinase-inhibitor-s-in-primary-rat-and-human-hepatocytes
#19
Jun Zhang, Lijun Ren, Xi Yang, Matthew White, James Greenhaw, Tashika Harris, Qiangen Wu, Matthew Bryant, Thomas Papoian, William Mattes, Qiang Shi
Of the 34 FDA approved oral small-molecule kinase inhibitors (KI), 23 (68%) have warnings for hepatotoxicity in product labeling. To better understand the mechanisms of KI hepatotoxicity and whether such effects can be predicted, we examined 34 KIs for cytotoxicity in primary rat and human hepatocytes. The hepatocytes were treated with KIs at ten concentrations normalized to maximal therapeutic blood levels (Cmax). At 5 and 24 h post treatment, lactate dehydrogenase or alanine aminotransferase leakage, caspase 3/7 activities and cellular adenosine triphosphate levels were measured...
April 12, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655589/emerging-applications-of-eye-tracking-technology-in-dermatology
#20
REVIEW
Kevin K John, Jakob D Jensen, Andy J King, Manusheela Pokharel, Douglas Grossman
Eye-tracking technology has been used within a multitude of disciplines to provide data linking eye movements to visual processing of various stimuli (i.e., x-rays, situational positioning, printed information, and warnings). Despite the benefits provided by eye-tracking in allowing for the identification and quantification of visual attention, the discipline of dermatology has yet to see broad application of the technology. Notwithstanding dermatologists' heavy reliance upon visual patterns and cues to discriminate between benign and atypical nevi, literature that applies eye-tracking to the study of dermatology is sparse; and literature specific to patient-initiated behaviors, such as skin self-examination (SSE), is largely non-existent...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
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