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Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Melissa Mercincavage, Valentina Souprountchouk, Jordan Z Burdge, Kathy Z Tang, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
Objectives: Recent research has shown that message congruency is beneficial to recall of pictorial health warning label (PWL) content after initial exposure. Despite less attention to the text warning, smokers exposed to congruent PWLs were more likely to recall the text and the message. This study aimed to replicate these findings and to examine whether congruency also affects recall after multiple exposures over time. Methods: 320 daily smokers (39.7% female; cigarettes/day: M = 15...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jie Wang, Changchun Xin, Jinzhao Li, Lianfa Song, Hui Jia
A low-cost device was developed to monitor the integrity of hollow fiber membrane by real-time online detecting and measuring air bubbles in the permeate flow. When a breakage occurs in the fiber membrane system, air bubbles will find their ways to enter the permeate flow. The monitoring device consists of two pairs of platinum probes attached to a pipe, along which the permeate flows. Membrane's breakage was identified by the voltage changes between the two pairs of probes when air bubbles in the permeate touch them...
June 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sameera S Vangara, Kyle D Klingbeil, Raymond M Fertig, Jason L Radick
Eruptive xanthomatosis is described as the sudden eruption of erythematous yellow papules in the presence of hypertriglyceridemia, often associated with serum triglyceride levels above 2000 mg/dl. Severe hypertriglyceridemia can be caused by primary genetic mutations, secondary chronic diseases, or a combination of both. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is a known risk factor. It is imperative for physicians to be aware of eruptive xanthomatosis as a warning sign for severe hypertriglyceridemia due to the underlying risk for the potentially fatal complication of acute pancreatitis...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Kathryn L Colborn, Emanuele Giorgi, Andrew J Monaghan, Eduardo Gudo, Baltazar Candrinho, Tatiana J Marrufo, James M Colborn
Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Mozambique. We present a malaria early warning system (MEWS) for Mozambique informed by seven years of weekly case reports of malaria in children under 5 years of age from 142 districts. A spatio-temporal model was developed based on explanatory climatic variables to map exceedance probabilities, defined as the predictive probability that the relative risk of malaria incidence in a given district for a particular week will exceed a predefined threshold...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yannick Charretier, Seydina M Diene, Damien Baud, Sonia Chatellier, Emmanuelle Santiago-Allexant, Alex van Belkum, Ghislaine Guigon, Jacques Schrenzel
Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection has recently emerged as a worldwide clinical problem and colistin is increasingly being used for last resort therapy. Despite its favorable bacterial killing, resistance and heteroresistance (HR) to colistin have been described. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of the PmrAB regulatory pathway in laboratory-selected mutants representative of global epidemic strains. From three unrelated A. baumannii clinical strains (Sequence Type 2, 3 and 20), eight colistin resistant mutants were selected...
June 18, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Hana Hayashi, Andy Tan, Ichiro Kawachi, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
We examined the differential impact of exposure to smoking-related graphic health warnings (GHWs) on risk perceptions and intentions to quit among different audience segments characterized by gender, race/ethnic group, and presence of chronic disease condition. Specifically, we sought to test whether GHWs that portray specific groups (in terms of gender, race, and chronic disease conditions) are associated with differences in risk perception and intention to quit among smokers who match the portrayed group...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Grant E Donnelly, Laura Y Zatz, Dan Svirsky, Leslie K John
Governments have proposed text warning labels to decrease consumption of sugary drinks-a contributor to chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, they may be less effective than more evocative, graphic warning labels. We field-tested the effectiveness of graphic warning labels (vs. text warning labels, calorie labels, and no labels), provided insight into psychological mechanisms driving effectiveness, and assessed consumer sentiment. Study 1 indicated that graphic warning labels reduced the share of sugary drinks purchased in a cafeteria from 21...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Meenakshi S Subbaraman, Sue Thomas, Ryan Treffers, Kevin Delucchi, William C Kerr, Priscilla Martinez, Sarah C M Roberts
BACKGROUND: Policies regarding alcohol use during pregnancy continue to be enacted and debated in the United States. However, no study to date has examined whether these policies are related to birth outcomes, the outcomes they ultimately aim to improve. Here we assessed whether state-level policies targeting alcohol use during pregnancy are related to birth outcomes, which has not been done comprehensively before. METHODS: Secondary analyses of birth certificate data from N=148,048,208 United States singleton births between 1972-2013...
June 18, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Serena Francesca Flocco, Rosario Caruso, Federica Dellafiore, Francesco Pittella, Alessandro Giamberti, Angelo Micheletti, Diana Gabriela Negura, Luciane Piazza, Massimo Chessa
BACKGROUND: The multidisciplinary standardized interventions to educate and support patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) are described as "Transition Clinic" (TC). TC represents a key element to deliver care for patients during the transition from childhood to adulthood. So far, there is a lack of empirical evidence regarding the impact of TC models on the improvement of health perception in adolescent patients with CHD (CHD-specific TC model). For this reason, the aim of this study is assess the impact of the TC model on CHD adolescent patients' health perception outcomes...
June 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Valerie Danesh, Terry L Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Dimitri Poddighe, Ilaria Brambilla, Amelia Licari, Gian Luigi Marseglia
BACKGROUND: Acute pain is one of the major complaints reported in pediatric emergency departments and general wards. Recently, both the US Food and Drug Administration and European Medicine Agency emitted some warnings regarding the use of opioids, including codeine, in children. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were summarizing the main pharmacological aspects of ibuprofen, discussing the current evidence about the use of ibuprofen in different and specific clinical settings, and providing a comparison with acetaminophen and/or codeine, according to available studies...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
K Blum, W Jacobs, E J Modestino, N DiNubile, D Baron, T McLaughlin, D Siwicki, I Elman, M Moran, E R Braverman, P K Thanos, R D Badgaiyan
The United States are amid an opioid overdose epidemic; we are challenged to provide non-addicting/non-pharmacological alternatives to assist in pain attenuation. There are proven strategies available to manage chronic pain effectively without opioids. Utilization review providers for insurance companies often ignore medicine based scientific peer-reviewed studies that warn against the chronic use of opioid medications, as well as the lack of evidence to support long-term use of opioids for pain. This paradigm must change if we are to indeed change the drug-embracing culture in American chronic pain management...
October 4, 2018: SEJ Surg Pain
Kirsten A Baken, Rosa M A Sjerps, Merijn Schriks, Annemarie P van Wezel
Toxicological risk assessment of contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) in (sources of) drinking water is required to identify potential health risks and prioritize chemicals for abatement or monitoring. In such assessments, concentrations of chemicals in drinking water or sources are compared to either (i) health-based (statutory) drinking water guideline values, (ii) provisional guideline values based on recent toxicity data in absence of drinking water guidelines, or (iii) generic drinking water target values in absence of toxicity data...
June 13, 2018: Environment International
Daoxi Zhang, Samantha Lavender, Jan-Peter Muller, David Walton, Xi Zou, Fang Shi
The historical data from the MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) is an invaluable archive for studying global waters from inland lakes to open oceans. Although the MERIS sensor ceased to operate in April 2012, the data capacities are now re-established through the recently launched Sentinel-3 Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI). The development of a consistent time series for investigating phytoplankton phenology features is crucial if the potential of MERIS and OLCI data is to be fully exploited for inland water monitoring...
June 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Juncheng Lyu, Yingying Wang, Hong Shi, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemiological survey. A sample of 659 serious suicide attempters was randomly recruited from 13 rural counties in China. Each case was matched by a community control for gender, age, and residence location. Face to face interviews were conducted for all the cases and controls with the same structured questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Derrick J Sanderson, Rohnn Sanderson, Dana Cleason, Catherine Seaman, Ali Ghomi
Clinical practice has drastically changed following the 2014 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning statement regarding power morcellation during laparoscopic hysterectomy and myomectomy. Despite investigation into alternative tissue extraction techniques, there remain a paucity of data associated with contained manual morcellation techniques. The goal of this study was to investigate the associated perioperative outcomes of contained manual morcellation compared to power morcellation in women undergoing robotic myomectomy...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Lou Macaux, Oulimata Ndoye, Hugues Cordel, Typhaine Billard Pomares, Delphine Seytre, Olivier Bouchaud, Yves Cohen, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Etienne Carbonnelle
BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant bacteria (XDRB) have emerged as a major source of resistance. Hospitalization abroad seems to be the major risk factor associated with carriage, and numerous reports have warned about the risk of in-hospital transmission. However, little is known regarding possible community transmission. METHODS: A retrospective-matched case-control study was conducted in a Parisian teaching hospital, and it included admitted patients with a history of travel abroad during the preceding 12 months...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Mario Mairal, Juli Caujapé-Castells, Loïc Pellissier, Ruth Jaén-Molina, Nadir Álvarez, Myriam Heuertz, Isabel Sanmartín
Background and Aims: Various studies and conservationist reports have warned about the contraction of the last subtropical Afro-Macaronesian forests. These relict vegetation zones have been restricted to a few oceanic and continental islands around the edges of Africa, due to aridification. Previous studies on relict species have generally focused on glacial effects on narrow endemics; however, little is known about the effects of aridification on the fates of previously widespread subtropical lineages...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Botany
Ramesh K Khurana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the literature on co-occurrence of syncope and headache and share clinical experience. RECENT FINDINGS: Headache in relation to syncope has been the subject of recent interest. Orthostatic intolerance has an expanding spectrum with three well-defined entities: orthostatic hypotension (OH), neurally mediated hypotension (NMH), and postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS). Syncope occurs in patients with OH as well as in patients with episodically occurring NMH...
June 15, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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