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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933447/indian-summer-heat-wave-of-2015-a-biometeorological-analysis-using-half-hourly-automatic-weather-station-data-with-special-reference-to-andhra-pradesh
#1
M A Sarath Chandran, A V M Subba Rao, V M Sandeep, V P Pramod, P Pani, V U M Rao, V Visha Kumari, Ch Srinivasa Rao
Heat wave is a hazardous weather-related extreme event that affects living beings. The 2015 summer heat wave affected many regions in India and caused the death of 2248 people across the country. An attempt has been made to quantify the intensity and duration of heat wave that resulted in high mortality across the country. Half hourly Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET), based on a complete heat budget of human body, was estimated using automatic weather station (AWS) data of four locations in Andhra Pradesh state, where the maximum number of deaths was reported...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933359/raccoons-procyon-lotor-as-sentinels-of-trace-element-contamination-and-physiological-effects-of-exposure-to-coal-fly-ash
#2
Felipe Hernández, Ricki E Oldenkamp, Sarah Webster, James C Beasley, Lisa L Farina, Samantha M Wisely
Anthropogenic pollutants disrupt global biodiversity, and terrestrial sentinels of pollution can provide a warning system for ecosystem-wide contamination. This study sought to assess whether raccoons (Procyon lotor) are sentinels of local exposure to trace element contaminants at a coal fly ash site and whether exposure resulted in health impairment or changes in the intestinal helminth communities. We compared trace element accumulation and the impact on health responses and intestinal helminth communities of raccoons inhabiting contaminated and reference sites of the U...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932628/potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-that-feature-the-images-and-personal-details-of-real-people
#3
Emily Brennan, Erin Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
INTRODUCTION: Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. METHODS: 924 adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: 1) non-testimonial text warning labels (TWL) (currently on packs in the United States); 2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); 3) image only testimonial PWL (created for this study); 4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study)...
December 8, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932334/hospital-doctors-warn-of-massive-job-losses-if-obamacare-is-repealed
#4
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932241/nonspecific-effects-of-gap-paradigm-on-swallowing
#5
Masaki Yoneda, Kazuya Saitoh
OBJECTIVE: Analogous to the gap paradigm in experiments for saccadic eye movements with very short reaction times, we hypothesized that the initiation of oropharyngeal swallowing movements guided by visual cues are encouraged under experimental conditions using a similar gap paradigm. METHODS: A red visual cue indicating to hold a bolus in the mouth and a blue one indicating to swallow the bolus were sequentially provided on a computer display to 11 healthy participants...
December 5, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931653/hemodynamic-coherence-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients
#6
REVIEW
Ö Erdem, J W Kuiper, D Tibboel
Differences in physiology and pathophysiology make the treatment of developing, critically ill children particularly challenging as compared to that of adults. Significant differences in the cardiovascular system of neonates and children in size, weight, body proportions, and metabolism should be considered. Hemodynamic monitoring is crucial for early warning of pending deterioration and to guide therapy. Current monitoring is limited to the macrocirculation, but an adequately functioning macrocirculation does not guarantee a well-functioning microcirculation...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930495/risk-of-gambling-disorder-and-impulse-control-disorder-with-aripiprazole-pramipexole-and-ropinirole-a-pharmacoepidemiologic-study
#7
Mahyar Etminan, Mohit Sodhi, Ali Samii, Ric M Procyshyn, Michael Guo, Bruce C Carleton
BACKGROUND: Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning regarding the potential risk of gambling disorder, but large epidemiologic studies are lacking. METHODS: We used a large health claims database from the United States and conducted a nested case-control study. Cases were defined as subjects newly diagnosed with gambling disorder or impulse control disorder. For each case, 10 controls were selected and matched to cases by age and follow-up time and calendar time...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928483/emergence-of-cmy-2-and-dha-1-type-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-enterobacter-cloacae-isolated-from-several-hospitals-of-qazvin-and-tehran-iran
#8
Amir Peymani, Taghi Naserpour-Farivar, Moein Yeylagh-Beygi, Shahiin Bolori
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The emergence of plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC) β-lactamases conferring resistance to third-generation cephalosporins has become a major clinical concern worldwide. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of pAmpC-producing E. cloacae isolates and typing of them in Qazvin and Tehran provinces, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 cefoxitin non-susceptible isolates of E. cloacae were obtained from educational hospitals of Qazvin and Tehran, Iran...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928188/impact-of-the-fda-warning-for-azithromycin-and-risk-for-qt-prolongation-on-utilization-at-an-academic-medical-center
#9
Abby Dunker, Denise M Kolanczyk, Caitlin M Maendel, Amit R Patel, Natasha N Pettit
A US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug safety communication was released in March 2013, warning prescribers of the risk of QT prolongation associated with azithromycin. Overall azithromycin utilization and adherence to an inpatient QTc monitoring guideline during 8-month time periods before and after the warning were assessed to evaluate the impact of this warning on inpatient azithromycin utilization and QTc monitoring. Fifty-five patients were included in the prewarning time period and 50 were included in the postwarning period...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928042/unexpected-high-vulnerability-of-functions-in-wilderness-areas-evidence-from-coral-reef-fishes
#10
Stéphanie D'agata, Laurent Vigliola, Nicholas A J Graham, Laurent Wantiez, Valeriano Parravicini, Sébastien Villéger, Gerard Mou-Tham, Philippe Frolla, Alan M Friedlander, Michel Kulbicki, David Mouillot
High species richness is thought to support the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions and services under changing environments. Yet, some species might perform unique functional roles while others are redundant. Thus, the benefits of high species richness in maintaining ecosystem functioning are uncertain if functions have little redundancy, potentially leading to high vulnerability of functions. We studied the natural propensity of assemblages to be functionally buffered against loss prior to fishing activities, using functional trait combinations, in coral reef fish assemblages across unfished wilderness areas of the Indo-Pacific: Chagos Archipelago, New Caledonia and French Polynesia...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926652/hysteroscopic-sterilization-with-essure-summary-of-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-actions-and-policy-implications-for-postmarketing-surveillance
#11
Jessica R Walter, Comeron W Ghobadi, Emily Hayman, Shuai Xu
In September 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convened a meeting of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Advisory Board Committee to address the sudden increase of patient-reported adverse events surrounding Essure, a Class III device offering a less invasive method for permanent female sterilization. After a review of the premarketing and postmarketing data and existing scientific literature, the FDA concluded there was insufficient evidence to remove the device from the market. However, the FDA did release a new guidance document requiring a black box warning for the device and ordered a new postmarketing study comparing Essure's safety and efficacy with laparoscopic tubal sterilization...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925595/classification-of-alzheimer-s-disease-using-whole-brain-hierarchical-network
#12
Jin Liu, Min Li, Wei Lan, Fang-Xiang Wu, Yi Pan, Jianxin Wang
Regions of interest (ROIs) based classification has been widely investigated for analysis of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images to assist the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) including its early warning and developing stages, e.g., mild cognitive impairment (MCI) including MCI converted to AD (MCIc) and MCI not converted to AD (MCInc). Since an ROI representation of brain structures is obtained either by pre-definition or by adaptive parcellation, the corresponding ROI in different brains can be measured...
December 2, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925541/morale-at-all-time-low-for-nurses-in-scottish-prisons
#13
Erin Dean
There are 'significant concerns' about morale, recruitment and work pressures in the nursing workforce in Scottish prisons, an RCN Scotland report has warned.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923877/poison-and-alarm-the-asian-hornet-vespa-velutina-uses-sting-venom-volatiles-as-alarm-pheromone
#14
Ya-Nan Cheng, Ping Wen, Shi-Hao Dong, Ken Tan, James C Nieh
In colonial organisms, alarm pheromones can provide a key fitness advantage by enhancing colony defense and warning of danger. Learning which species use alarm pheromone and the key compounds involved therefore enhances our understanding of how this important signal has evolved. However, our knowledge of alarm pheromones is more limited in the social wasps and hornets as compared to the social bees and ants. Vespa velutina is an economically important and widespread hornet predator that attacks humans and honey bees...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923746/aeromonas-salmonicida-type-iii-secretion-system-effectors-mediated-immune-suppression-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#15
F C Origgi, O Benedicenti, H Segner, U Sattler, T Wahli, J Frey
Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, the etiologic agent of furunculosis, is a major pathogen in aquaculture. Together with other pathogens, it is characterized by the presence of a type 3 secretion system (T3SS). The T3SS is the main virulence mechanism of A. salmonicida. It is used by the bacterium to secrete and translocate several toxins and effector proteins into the host cell. Some of these factors have a detrimental impact on the integrity of the cell cytoskeleton, likely contributing to impair phagocytosis...
December 3, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923583/drug-shortages-patients-and-health-care-providers-are-all-drawing-the-short-straw
#16
François Rinaldi, Simon de Denus, Angela Nguyen, Stanley Nattel, Jean-François Bussières
Drug shortages have been reported for > 35 years. Attention to this problem increased recently after the Sandoz crisis, in which a warning letter by the Food and Drug Administration caused supply changes that suspended the availability of numerous medications. The frequency of drug shortages has increased recently. In 2011-2012 alone, Canadian supply shortages occurred for > 1000 drugs (including 150 for cardiovascular diseases). These shortages lasted for an average of 4-5 months, increasing the workload for health care providers, producing impaired health, stress, and anxiety for patients, and increasing the risk of errors...
August 17, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923314/value-of-early-warning-scores-in-emergency-departments
#17
(no author information available yet)
Developed in the belief that early identification and intervention of deteriorating patients would reduce the number of deaths, early warning scores (EWS) have become a routine feature of work in UK emergency departments (EDs) and are becoming increasingly common in paediatric emergency care. They are popular with managers, commissioners and clinicians, yet the authors of this report state that there is little evidence of this reduction in the literature.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923303/workplace-pressures-are-driving-nurses-out-of-emergency-care
#18
Flavia Munn
Nurses are being deterred from working in pressured emergency departments (EDs) because of the associated stress, MPs have warned. A Commons health committee report on winter pressures in emergency care says poor performance has 'become the norm' for some NHS trusts, due to increasing demand for services, insufficient staff numbers and bed-blocking.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921134/mental-disorders-as-networks-of-problems-a-review-of-recent-insights
#19
REVIEW
Eiko I Fried, Claudia D van Borkulo, Angélique O J Cramer, Lynn Boschloo, Robert A Schoevers, Denny Borsboom
PURPOSE: The network perspective on psychopathology understands mental disorders as complex networks of interacting symptoms. Despite its recent debut, with conceptual foundations in 2008 and empirical foundations in 2010, the framework has received considerable attention and recognition in the last years. METHODS: This paper provides a review of all empirical network studies published between 2010 and 2016 and discusses them according to three main themes: comorbidity, prediction, and clinical intervention...
December 5, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920037/early-warning-tools-may-assist-in-the-identification-of-clinical-deterioration-in-the-new-born-nursery
#20
Christopher Parshuram, Karen Dryden-Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Evidence-based Nursing
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