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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531300/anosmia-a-clinical-review
#1
Sanne Boesveldt, Elbrich M Postma, Duncan Boak, Antje Welge-Luessen, Veronika Schöpf, Joel D Mainland, Jeffrey Martens, John Ngai, Valerie B Duffy
Anosmia and hyposmia, the inability or decreased ability to smell, is estimated to afflict 3-20% of the population. Risk of olfactory dysfunction increases with old age and may also result from chronic sinonasal diseases, severe head trauma, and upper respiratory infections, or neurodegenerative diseases. These disorders impair the ability to sense warning odors in foods and the environment, as well as hinder the quality of life related to social interactions, eating, and feelings of well-being. This article reports and extends on a clinical update commencing at the 2016 Association for Chemoreception Sciences annual meeting...
May 22, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530031/celecoxib-for-osteoarthritis
#2
REVIEW
Livia Puljak, Ana Marin, Davorka Vrdoljak, Filipa Markotic, Ana Utrobicic, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage and growth of new bone, cartilage and connective tissue. It is often associated with major disability and impaired quality of life. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment to improve OA symptoms. Celecoxib is a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits (pain, function, quality of life) and safety (withdrawals due to adverse effects, serious adverse effects, overall discontinuation rates) of celecoxib in osteoarthritis (OA)...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529761/developing-and-evaluating-a-mobile-driver-fatigue-detection-network-based-on-electroencephalograph-signals
#3
Jinghai Yin, Jianfeng Hu, Zhendong Mu
The rapid development of driver fatigue detection technology indicates important significance of traffic safety. The authors' main goals of this Letter are principally three: (i) A middleware architecture, defined as process unit (PU), which can communicate with personal electroencephalography (EEG) node (PEN) and cloud server (CS). The PU receives EEG signals from PEN, recognises the fatigue state of the driver, and transfer this information to CS. The CS sends notification messages to the surrounding vehicles...
February 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528611/eosinophilic-fasciitis-a-firm-warning
#4
Warren R Heymann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527289/-characterization-of-patients-with-skeletal-genetic-diseases-in-a-colombian-referral-center
#5
Harvy Mauricio Velasco, Lina Patricia Buelvas
INTRODUCTION: Short height in Colombia has an estimated prevalence of 10%. The 2009 Nosology and Classification of Skeletal Genetic Diseases described 456 clinical conditions using biochemical, molecular and radiological criteria for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze demographic, epidemiological and clinical variables in a group of patients with skeletal genetic diseases referred to the Instituto de Ortopedia Infantil Roosevelt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred between 2008 and 2014 were analyzed filtering 167 diagnoses of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD 10), related to skeletal genetic diseases...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526939/awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-barriers-to-help-seeking-a-national-survey
#6
Mohammad Al Qadire
About 27% of cancer patients in Jordan are discovered in advanced stages; this resulted in poor prognosis and survival rates. One possible cause of late presentation is lack of awareness of warning signs and risk factors of cancer. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of awareness of cancer warning signs, risk factors, and barriers to seeking medical advice among the Jordanian public. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A convenience sample of 2292 participants from the Jordanian public was included in the study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526850/drought-and-child-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-small-scale-surveys-from-ethiopia
#7
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Chiara Altare, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Shannon Doocy, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Despite the intuitive connection between drought and mortality, we still lack a sound quantitative synthesis of evidence drawn from the available data. In this study, we estimate the pooled under-five death rates (U5DR) and assess the effect of drought on child death in Ethiopia. Small-scale mortality surveys were searched from the Complex Emergency Database and then aggregated spatially and temporally with drought exposure data from the Global Drought Monitor and food insecurity data from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525994/noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#8
Zejun Li, Tara Elton Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
BACKGROUND: Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smokers in China notice the current text-only HWLs and whether they support adding more health information and including pictures on HWLs. METHODS: Adult non-smokers (n = 1324) were drawn from Wave 4 (September 2011-November 2012) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) China Survey...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524072/development-of-a-virtual-collision-sensor-for-industrial-robots
#9
Marina Indri, Stefano Trapani, Ivan Lazzero
Collision detection is a fundamental issue for the safety of a robotic cell. While several common methods require specific sensors or the knowledge of the robot dynamic model, the proposed solution is constituted by a virtual collision sensor for industrial manipulators, which requires as inputs only the motor currents measured by the standard sensors that equip a manipulator and the estimated currents provided by an internal dynamic model of the robot (i.e., the one used inside its controller), whose structure, parameters and accuracy are not known...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523381/national-clinical-guidelines-for-non-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-recent-onset-neck-pain-or-cervical-radiculopathy
#10
REVIEW
Per Kjaer, Alice Kongsted, Jan Hartvigsen, Alexander Isenberg-Jørgensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Bolette Søborg, Charlotte Krog, Christian Martin Møller, Christine Marie Bækø Halling, Henrik Hein Lauridsen, Inge Ris Hansen, Jesper Nørregaard, Karsten Juhl Jørgensen, Lars Valentin Hansen, Marie Jakobsen, Martin Bach Jensen, Martin Melbye, Peter Duel, Steffan W Christensen, Tina Myung Povlsen
PURPOSE: To summarise recommendations about 21 selected non-surgical interventions for recent onset (<12 weeks) non-specific neck pain (NP) and cervical radiculopathy (CR) based on two guidelines from the Danish Health Authority. METHODS: Two multidisciplinary working groups formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Twelve recommendations were based on evidence and nine on consensus. Management should include information about prognosis, warning signs, and advise to remain active...
May 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521238/transcriptomic-approach-for-assessment-of-the-impact-on-microalga-and-macrophyte-of-in-situ-exposure-in-river-sites-contaminated-by-chlor-alkali-plant-effluents
#11
Perrine Dranguet, Claudia Cosio, Séverine Le Faucheur, Rebecca Beauvais-Flück, Aline Freiburghaus, Isabelle A M Worms, Brice Petit, Natacha Civic, Mylène Docquier, Vera I Slaveykova
Water quality degradation is a worldwide problem, but risk evaluation of chronic pollution in-situ is still a challenge. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential of transcriptomic analyses in representative aquatic primary producers to assess the impact of environmental pollution in-situ: the microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and the macrophyte Elodea nuttallii were exposed 2 h in the Babeni Reservoir of the Olt River impacted by chlor-alkali plant effluent release resulting in increased concentrations of Hg and NaCl in receiving water...
May 11, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521150/the-effects-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-on-dorsoventral-patterning-convergent-extension-and-neural-and-cardiac-development-of-zebrafish
#12
Jia Xu, Qiuping Zhang, Xu Li, Sihui Zhan, Lifeng Wang, Dongyan Chen
Currently, nanoparticles are widely used in biomedicine and industry. CuO nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) are versatile materials in our daily life and their toxicity has drawn extensive attention. In this study, we concentrate on the effect of CuO-NPs on early zebrafish development. The results reveal that CuO-NPs can induce abnormal phenotypes of a smaller head and eyes and delayed epiboly. The gene expression pattern shows that CuO-NPs spatially narrow the expression of dorsal genes chordin and goosecoid and alter the expression of dlx3, ntl and hgg which are related to the cell migration of gastrulation...
May 4, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520985/warning-statements-and-safety-practices-among-manufacturers-and-distributors-of-electronic-cigarette-liquids-in-the-united-states
#13
Pebbles Fagan, Pallav Pokhrel, Thaddeus A Herzog, Mignonne C Guy, Kari-Lyn K Sakuma, Dennis R Trinidad, Kevin Cassel, Dorothy Jorgensen, Tania Lynch, Jamie Q Felicitas-Perkins, Sherilyn Palafox, Faith Hamamura, Sarah Maloney, Kaylah Degree, Kymberle Sterling, Eric Moolchan, Mark S Clanton, Thomas Eissenberg
Introduction.: Prior to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulation of electronic cigarettes and warning statements related to nicotine addiction, there was no critical examination of manufacturer/distributor voluntary practices that could potentially inform FDA actions aimed to protect consumers. This study examined the content of warning statements and safety characteristics of electronic cigarette liquid bottles using a national sample. Methods.: Research staff randomly selected four electronic cigarette liquid manufacturers/distributors from four U...
May 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520700/fda-warns-against-use-of-codeine-and-tramadol-in-children-and-breastfeeding-women
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520658/age-group-and-gender-differences-in-stroke-knowledge-in-an-israeli-jewish-adult-population
#15
Semyon Melnikov, Michal Itzhaki, Silvia Koton
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability and the fifth leading cause of death in Israel. Knowledge of stroke warning signs has been linked to early seeking of medical help. Little is known about knowledge of stroke warning signs in Israeli Jewish adults. METHODS: Stroke knowledge was examined among Jewish Israeli adults. Using a structured questionnaire, registered nurses interviewed a convenience sample of the respondents, 18 years or older, with no stroke history...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520596/fungal-keratitis-associated-with-airborne-organic-debris-and-soft-contacts-lenses-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Michael J Hodkin, Ryan C Gustus
OBJECTIVES: To report two cases of fungal keratitis in soft contact lens wearers who were exposed to environmental mold. METHODS: Case reports, with review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Two otherwise healthy middle-aged women who were soft contact lens wearers developed fungal keratitis about 1 week after heavy exposure to environmental mold. Culture results showed Aspergillus from one patient and the unusual combination of Trichoderma and Penicillium from the other...
May 16, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517913/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Benedetta Maria Bonora, Angelo Avogaro, Gian Paolo Fadini
AIMS: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are increasingly used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and can improve glucose control also in type 1 diabetes (T1D). In May 2015, regulatory agencies issued a warning that SGLT2i may cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We report details on two new cases of SGLT2i-associated DKA and review the literature for similar cases within randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, and single reports. METHODS: We searched the medical literature for reports of SGLT2i-associated DKA cases...
May 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516391/denial-of-a-sleep-deprivation-message-situational-and-dispositional-influences-on-message-rejection
#18
Suzanne C Thompson, Haley W Marber, Laeesha N Cornejo, Bryn M Launer, Kimberly Ona Ayala
Two studies investigated situational and dispositional influences on rejection of a sleep deprivation warning message for young adults. The hassle of protection (Study 1) and the self-relevance of the problem (Study 2) were manipulated; the disposition to use denial (threat orientation) for warning messages was measured. In both studies, it was found that both dispositional denial and the situational manipulation (more protection-hassle or self-relevance) showed at least one denial effect by reducing perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, or credibility...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515604/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pre-hospital-medical-emergencies-early-warning-scale
#19
Abbasali Ebrahimian, Gholamreza Masoumi, Roohangiz Jamshidi-Orak, Hesam Seyedin
INTRODUCTION: The number of requests for emergency medical services (EMSs) has increased during the past decade. However, most of the transports are not essential. Therefore, it seems crucial to develop an instrument to help EMS staff accurately identify patients who need pre-hospital care and transportation. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pre-hospital Medical Emergencies Early Warning Scale (Pre-MEWS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This mixed-method study was conducted in two phases...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515554/personality-profile-and-short-term-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-a-study-from-south-india
#20
Soundarya Soundararajan, Gitanjali Narayanan, Arpana Agrawal, Pratima Murthy
BACKGROUND: Studying personality profiles allows researchers to generate important hypotheses in risk factors and correlates of alcohol use/misuse. Studies examining the association between personality traits and treatment outcome are limited in India. We studied the correlation between personality and treatment outcome in patients with alcohol dependence. METHODS: Adult participants with alcohol dependence were recruited from the inpatient and outpatient wards of de-addiction unit of a tertiary care facility in India using a prospective design and followed up after 3 months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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