keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

warnings

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044348/sonographically-abnormal-placenta-an-association-with-an-increased-risk-poor-pregnancy-outcomes
#1
W D Wan Masliza, M Y Bajuri, M R Hassan, N M Naim, A Shuhaila, S Das
BACKGROUND: The placenta is a most interesting but unfortunately often ignored and misunderstood organ. Placental abnormalities, therefore, can be an "early warning system" for fetal problems. A complete prenatal sonographic examination of the placenta is an essential component as its abnormalities can have a direct effect on fetal or maternal outcomes, obstetrical management and future fertility. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether any association exists between the finding of an increased thickness of placenta, abnormal placenta shape, placental calcification, placental lake and abnormal cord insertion site at 20-22 and 30-32 weeks gestation with an increased risk of uteroplacental complications or a poor pregnancy outcome...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042382/drugs-and-life-threatening-ventricular-arrhythmia-risk-results-from-the-dare-study-cohort
#2
Abigail L Coughtrie, Elijah R Behr, Deborah Layton, Vanessa Marshall, A John Camm, Saad A W Shakir
OBJECTIVES: To establish a unique sample of proarrhythmia cases, determine the characteristics of cases and estimate the contribution of individual drugs to the incidence of proarrhythmia within these cases. SETTING: Suspected proarrhythmia cases were referred by cardiologists across England between 2003 and 2011. Information on demography, symptoms, prior medical and drug histories and data from hospital notes were collected. PARTICIPANTS: Two expert cardiologists reviewed data for 293 referred cases: 130 were included...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040771/contrasting-ecophysiological-strategies-related-to-drought-the-case-of-a-mixed-stand-of-scots-pine-pinus-sylvestris-and-a-submediterranean-oak-quercus-subpyrenaica
#3
Paula Martín-Gómez, Mònica Aguilera, Jesús Pemán, Eustaquio Gil-Pelegrín, Juan Pedro Ferrio
Submediterranean forests are considered an ecotone between Mediterranean and Eurosiberian ecosystems, and are very sensitive to global change. A decline of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and a related expansion of oak species (Quercus spp.) have been reported in the Spanish Pre-Pyrenees. Although this has been associated with increasing drought stress, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, and suitable monitoring protocols are lacking. The aim of this study is to bring insight into the physiological mechanisms anticipating selective decline of the pines, with particular focus on carbon and water relations...
October 13, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038644/black-box-warning-for-possible-hbv-reactivation-during-daa-therapy-for-chronic-hcv-infection
#4
Paul J Pockros
In 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning about the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in some patients receiving direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HBV reactivation can occur soon after the start of DAA therapy; thus, monitoring liver enzymes during DAA therapy is important in patients at risk. The clinical outcomes of HBV reactivation in this patient population may resemble the outcomes seen in immunosuppressed patients receiving chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038326/health-canada-to-warn-young-people-of-cannabis-risks-in-campaign
#5
Roger Collier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037592/adsorption-of-marine-phycotoxin-okadaic-acid-on-a-covalent-organic-framework
#6
Laura M Salonen, Sara R Pinela, Soraia P S Fernandes, João Louçano, Enrique Carbó-Argibay, Marisa P Sarriá, Carlos Rodríguez-Abreu, João Peixoto, Begoña Espiña
Phycotoxins, compounds produced by some marine microalgal species, can reach high concentrations in the sea when a massive proliferation occurs, the so-called harmful algal bloom. These compounds are especially dangerous to human health when concentrated in the digestive glands of seafood. In order to generate an early warning system to alert for approaching toxic outbreaks, it is very important to improve monitoring methods of phycotoxins in aquatic ecosystems. Solid-phase adsorption toxin tracking devices reported thus far based on polymeric resins have not been able to provide an efficient harmful algal bloom prediction system due to their low adsorption capabilities...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035792/evolution-of-consciousness-of-exposure-to-siloxanes-review-of-publications
#7
REVIEW
Krystyna Mojsiewicz-Pieńkowska, Dominika Krenczkowska
The purpose of this description is to review scientific literature from 1944 to 2017 as a source of information on the reasons for the increased interest in siloxanes (silicones). Not only the research area, but first, the changes in the tendency of research aims are important issues in the evaluation. On the one hand, the authors emphasize the unique properties of linear and cyclic siloxanes, providing many examples of beneficial applications, and on the other hand, there are some warnings of overcoming of the safety barrier of their presence in human environment...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034445/dental-prevention-and-disease-awareness-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Steffen Koerdt, Julia Hartz, Stefan Hollatz, Gesche Frohwitter, Marco R Kesting, Peter Ewert, Renate Oberhoffer, Herbert Deppe
OBJECTIVES: The importance of excellent oral health is known to be crucial in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Data about dental health and disease awareness is limited. This study aims to assess preventive measures taken to improve dental health in children with CHD and to gain insight into disease awareness and knowledge about the importance of oral health in children with CHD and to propose measures that could be taken. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parents of 150 children with CHD were asked to complete a questionnaire containing specific questions about the preventive measures taken by the parents and dental and medical practitioners and their knowledge about underlying disease and the importance of oral health...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034073/unmet-goals-in-the-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-review
#9
REVIEW
Alejandro Farah, Alejandro Barbagelata
Reperfusion therapy decreases myocardium damage during an acute coronary event and consequently mortality. However, there are unmet needs in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, consequently mortality and heart failure continue to occur in about 10% and 20% of cases, respectively. Different strategies could improve reperfusion. These strategies, like generation of warning sign recognition and being initially assisted and transferred by an emergency service, could reduce the time to reperfusion. If the first electrocardiogram is performed en route, it can be transmitted and interpreted in a timely manner by a specialist at the receiving center, bypassing community hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention capabilities...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033602/early-in-hospital-clinical-deterioration-is-not-predicted-by-severity-of-illness-functional-status-or-comorbidity
#10
Janice Wang, Stella S Hahn, Myriam Kline, Rubin I Cohen
BACKGROUND: Prior studies concentrated on unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) transfer to gauge deterioration occurring shortly following hospital admission. However, examining only ICU transfers is not ideal since patients could stabilize with treatment, refuse ICU admission, or not require ICU evaluation. To further explore etiologies of early clinical deterioration, we used rapid response team (RRT) activation within 48 hours of admission as an index of early clinical worsening. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered admissions from the emergency department in an academic medical center was done...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032961/optimal-quantification-of-contact-inhibition-in-cell-populations
#11
David J Warne, Ruth E Baker, Matthew J Simpson
Contact inhibition refers to a reduction in the rate of cell migration and/or cell proliferation in regions of high cell density. Under normal conditions, contact inhibition is associated with the proper functioning tissues, whereas abnormal regulation of contact inhibition is associated with pathological conditions, such as tumor spreading. Unfortunately, standard mathematical modeling practices mask the importance of parameters that control contact inhibition through scaling arguments. Furthermore, standard experimental protocols are insufficient to quantify the effects of contact inhibition because they focus on data describing early time, low-density dynamics only...
October 12, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032143/effects-of-cr-vi-on-ca-2-atpase-activity-in-the-earthworm-eisenia-andrei
#12
Marta Boeri, Caterina Oliveri, Corrado Camurati, Aldo Viarengo, Susanna Sforzini
The effect of Cr(VI) as a soil contaminant on the edaphic worm Eisenia andrei was studied by evaluating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in the intestinal mucosa. In eukaryotes, Ca(2+)-ATPase is a key mediator of cell signaling although comparatively little is known about its activity in earthworms. Size and anatomical constraints (i.e. small and complex) led us to develop and optimize a cyto-biochemical method to measure Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in earthworms. The principal site of enzyme activity was found to be the post clitellar intestinal tract; immunohistochemistry then identified plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA ATPase) in the apical area of the intestinal epithelium...
October 11, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031798/viral-diversity-and-abundance-in-polluted-waters-in-kampala-uganda
#13
Evan O'Brien, Joyce Nakyazze, Huiyun Wu, Noah Kiwanuka, William Cunningham, John B Kaneene, Irene Xagoraraki
Waterborne viruses are a significant cause of human disease, especially in developing countries such as Uganda. A total of 15 virus-selective samples were collected at five sites (Bugolobi Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) influent and effluent, Nakivubo Channel upstream and downstream of the WWTP, and Nakivubo Swamp) in July and August 2016. Quantitative PCR and quantitative RT-PCR was performed to determine the concentrations of four human viruses (adenovirus, enterovirus, rotavirus, and hepatitis A virus) in the samples...
October 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031425/contents-of-japanese-pro-and-anti-hpv-vaccination-websites-a-text-mining-analysis
#14
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rate has sharply fallen to nearly 0% due to sensational media reports of adverse events. Online anti-HPV-vaccination activists often warn readers of the vaccine's dangers. Here, we aimed to examine frequently appearing contents on pro- and anti-HPV vaccination websites. METHODS: We conducted online searches via two major search engines (Google Japan and Yahoo! Japan). Targeted websites were classified as "pro," "anti," or "neutral" according to their claims, with the author(s) classified as "health professionals," "mass media," or "laypersons...
September 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031313/routes-to-diagnosis-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-men-s-cultural-beliefs-about-how-changes-to-their-bodies-and-symptoms-influence-help-seeking-actions-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Michelle King-Okoye, Anne Arber, Sara Faithfull
PURPOSE: To examine the findings of existing studies in relation to men's cultural beliefs about changes to their bodies relevant to prostate cancer and how these affect interpretation of bodily changes and help-seeking actions. METHOD: We undertook a narrative review of studies conducted from 2004 to 2017 in 6 databases that highlighted men's beliefs and help-seeking actions for bodily changes suggestive of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) studies reflecting men from various ethnicities and nationalities were included...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031051/17%C3%AE-estradiol-induces-cyto-genotoxicity-on-blood-cells-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#16
Luis Orozco-Hernández, Adriana Andrea Gutiérrez-Gómez, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Hariz Islas-Flores, Sandra García-Medina, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Octavio Dublán-García, Reyna Natividad, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
17β-Estradiol, a natural hormone present at high concentrations in aquatic ecosystems, affects and modifies endocrine function in animals. In recent years research workers have expressed concern over its potential effects on aquatic organisms; however, little is known about its capacity to induce genetic damage or the pro-apoptotic effects of such damage on fish. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate 17β-estradiol-induced cyto-genotoxicity in blood cells of the common carp Cyprinus carpio exposed to different concentrations (1 ng, 1 μg and 1 mg L(-1))...
October 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031047/reducing-the-threat-of-wildlife-vehicle-collisions-during-peak-tourism-periods-using-a-roadside-animal-detection-system
#17
Molly K Grace, Daniel J Smith, Reed F Noss
Roadside Animal Detection Systems (RADS) aim to reduce the frequency of wildlife-vehicle collisions. Unlike fencing and wildlife passages, RADS do not attempt to keep animals off the road; rather, they attempt to modify driver behavior by detecting animals near the road and warning drivers with flashing signs. A RADS was installed in Big Cypress National Park (Florida, USA) in 2012 in response to an increased number of Florida panther mortalities. To assess driver response, we measured the speed of individual cars on the road when the RADS was active (flashing) and inactive (not flashing) during the tourist season (November-March) and the off-season (April-October), which vary dramatically in traffic volume...
October 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029938/dengvaxia-sensitizes-seronegatives-to-vaccine-enhanced-disease-regardless-of-age
#18
Scott B Halstead
During a large scale clinical efficacy trial of the Sanofipasteur live-attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine (Dengvaxia), features of hospitalized disease accompanying dengue infections in placebo recipients were closely similar to those in vaccinated children. However, the age specific hospitalization curves for these two populations differed. The curve for children vaccinated at ages 2-16 years closely resembled the 1981 age specific hospitalization rate curve for Cuban children infected with DENV 2 who were sensitized by a prior DENV 1 infection...
October 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028578/obstetric-early-warning-score-in-scandinavia-a-survey-of-midwives-use-of-systematic-monitoring-in-parturients
#19
Catrine Carlstein, Elin Helland, Kim Wildgaard
OBJECTIVE: systematic monitoring has recently been implemented widely in non-obstetric departments. In the UK, Early Warning Score (EWS) systems specifically designed for the obstetric population (OEWS) are used. No information on the use of OEWS in Scandinavia has been reported. Consequently, we wanted to investigate the use of vital signs and attitude towards systematic monitoring of parturients in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. DESIGN: electronic questionnaires sent to heads of midwifery...
September 23, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028471/water-safety-and-lead-regulation-physicians-community-health-responsibilities
#20
Bruce Jennings, Leslie Lyons Duncan
This article reviews the regulation of lead in drinking water, highlighting its epidemiological, engineering, and ethical aspects with a focus on the Flint water crisis. We first discuss water quality policy and its implementation with a focus on lead contamination of water, primarily from pipe systems between a water treatment facility and a tap. We then discuss physicians' roles and ethical responsibilities regarding safe drinking water using a human rights framework. We argue that physicians can play an important role in safeguarding drinking water in their communities by being vigilant, honoring the community's trust in them, and warning, educating, and empowering patients and broader communities so as to protect tap water safety and public health...
October 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
keyword
keyword
29068
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"