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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329925/-attaching-importance-to-study-on-acute-health-risk-assessment-and-adaptation-of-air-pollution-and-climate-change
#1
X M Shi
Air pollution and climate change have become key environmental and public health problems around the world, which poses serious threat to human health. How to assess and mitigate the health risks and increase the adaptation of the public have become an urgent topic of research in this area. The six papers in this issue will provide important and rich information on design, analysis method, indicator selection and setting about acute health risk assessment and adaptation study of air pollution and climate change in China, reflecting the advanced conceptions of multi-center and area-specific study and multi-pollutant causing acute effect study...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329657/perceptions-of-indoor-vs-outdoor-tanning-risks-among-melanoma-patients-who-have-a-history-of-indoor-uv-tanning-an-international-internet-survey
#2
Jennifer Nergard, Chauncey Caldwell, Morgan Barr, Robert P Dellavalle, James A Solomon
IntroductionA new U.S. FDA regulation categorizes tanning beds as category II¹, and similar global regulatory action require informing users of the "risk of skin cancer" as methods to reverse the growing trend of indoor tanning. However, little is known from the patient's perspective on whether or not knowledge of risk of cancer is a deterrent to indoor tanning. Also, there is conflicting literature on the relationship between frequency of indoor tanning, age of onset and characteristics of patients' melanoma diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329083/impact-of-a-public-awareness-campaign-on-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-incidence-and-mortality-rates
#3
Ziad Nehme, Emily Andrew, Stephen Bernard, Harry Patsamanis, Peter Cameron, Janet E Bray, Ian T Meredith, Karen Smith
Aims: Increased public awareness of the warning signs of a heart attack and the importance of early medical intervention may help to prevent premature deaths from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We sought to investigate the impact of the Heart Foundation's public awareness campaigns on the monthly incidence of, and deaths from, OHCA in Melbourne, Australia. Methods and results: Between July 2005 and June 2015, we included registry data for 25 060 OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology...
November 2, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328928/fraudulent-id-using-face-morphs-experiments-on-human-and-automatic-recognition
#4
David J Robertson, Robin S S Kramer, A Mike Burton
Matching unfamiliar faces is known to be difficult, and this can give an opportunity to those engaged in identity fraud. Here we examine a relatively new form of fraud, the use of photo-ID containing a graphical morph between two faces. Such a document may look sufficiently like two people to serve as ID for both. We present two experiments with human viewers, and a third with a smartphone face recognition system. In Experiment 1, viewers were asked to match pairs of faces, without being warned that one of the pair could be a morph...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328688/prioritizing-the-care-of-critically-ill-children-in-south-africa-how-does-screen-perform-against-other-triage-tools
#5
Bhakti Hansoti, Peter Hodkinson, Lee Wallis
OBJECTIVE: Childhood mortality remains unacceptably high. In low-resource settings, children with critical illness often present for care. Current triage strategies are time consuming and require trained health care workers. To address this limitation, our team developed a simple subjective tool, SCREEN (Sick Children Require Emergency Evaluation Now), which is easy to administer, to identify critically ill children. This article presents the development of the SCREEN program and evaluates its performance when compared with other commonly implemented triage tools in low-resource settings...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328492/digital-tracking-of-cognitive-decline-researchers-are-co-opting-computers-in-their-efforts-to-detect-early-signs-of-dementia
#6
Michele Solis
Pinpointing where healthy brain aging leaves off and dementia begins is difficult. Is a slip in memory an expected outcome for a too-busy person or a warning of something else? If an empty-nester loses the motivation to cook, is it a sign that the person is enjoying retirement after a lifetime spent cooking or an early sign of a cognitive decline?
March 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327798/molecular-and-clinical-epidemiological-surveillance-of-dengue-virus-in-para%C3%A3-ba-northeast-brazil
#7
Isabel Cristina Guerra-Gomes, Bruna Macêdo Gois, Rephany Fonseca Peixoto, Camila Alves Oliveira, Bruna Leal Lima Maciel, Maria Izabel Ferreira Sarmento, Anna Stella Cysneiros Pachá, Josélio Maria Galvão Araújo, Ian Porto Gurgel Amaral, Tatjana Souza Lima Keesen
INTRODUCTION: Despite being the most prevalent arboviral disease worldwide, dengue has been neglected lately. However, recent epidemics of arboviruses such as Zika and chikungunya in locations throughout the world have alerted health authorities to these diseases. This study evaluated the incidence pattern of dengue, its clinical characteristics, and co-circulation of serotypes from 2007 to 2015 in Paraiba State, Northeast Brazil. METHODS: Data on dengue cases from 2007 to 2015 were extracted from clinical reports of the National System for Notifiable Diseases [Sistema Nacional de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN)] of Brazil provided by the Paraiba Health Department...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327214/trustworthiness-perception-at-zero-acquaintance-consensus-accuracy-and-prejudice
#8
Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz, Wim De Neys
Research on trustworthiness perception from faces has unfolded in a way that is strikingly reminiscent of Jussim's narrative in his 2012 book. Jussim's analysis warns us against overemphasizing evidence about prejudice over evidence about accuracy, when both are scant; and reminds us to hold all accounts to the same standards, whether they call on societal biases or true signals.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327044/early-warning-signs-of-fatal-heart-attacks-being-missed-in-hospitals
#9
(no author information available yet)
Symptoms may have been missed in up to one in six patients who died of a heart attack in hospital in England, new study results suggest.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326443/radiological-clinical-and-functional-evaluation-using-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire-of-children-with-medial-epicondyle-fractures-treated-surgically
#10
Federico Canavese, Lorenza Marengo, Alexandru Tiris, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba, Antonio Andreacchio, Alain Dimeglio
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes of displaced medial epicondyle fractures with or without associated elbow dislocation in children undergoing surgical treatment and to evaluate upper-extremity function with the Quick Disbilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH) questionnaire. The hypothesis was that patients with associated elbow dislocation would have similar functional outcome to patients with displaced fractures with or without intra-articular entrapment of the medial epicondyle...
March 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326049/the-use-of-subscores-in-higher-education-when-is-this-useful
#11
Rob R Meijer, Anja J Boevé, Jorge N Tendeiro, Roel J Bosker, Casper J Albers
Assessment in higher education is challenging because teachers face more students, with less contact time as compared to primary and secondary education. Therefore, teachers and management are often interested in efficient ways of giving students diagnostic feedback and providing information on the basis of subscores is one method that is often used in large-scale standardized testing. In this article we discuss some recent psychometric literature that warns against the use of subscores in addition to the use of total scores...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325898/experimental-evidence-suggests-that-specular-reflectance-and-glossy-appearance-help-amplify-warning-signals
#12
Samuel J Waldron, John A Endler, Janne K Valkonen, Atsushi Honma, Susanne Dobler, Johanna Mappes
Specular reflection appears as a bright spot or highlight on any smooth glossy convex surface and is caused by a near mirror-like reflectance off the surface. Convex shapes always provide the ideal geometry for highlights, areas of very strong reflectance, regardless of the orientation of the surface or position of the receiver. Despite highlights and glossy appearance being common in chemically defended insects, their potential signalling function is unknown. We tested the role of highlights in warning colouration of a chemically defended, alpine leaf beetle, Oreina cacaliae...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325780/gps-are-warned-of-costs-of-missing-red-flags-for-spinal-condition
#13
Ingrid Torjesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325714/warning-about-shortcuts-in-drug-development
#14
EDITORIAL
Robert M Califf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324836/pahs-behavior-in-surface-water-and-groundwater-of-the-yellow-river-estuary-evidence-from-isotopes-and-hydrochemistry
#15
Jing Li, Fadong Li, Qiang Liu
Large-scale irrigation projects have impacted the regional surface-groundwater interactions in the North China Plain (NCP). Given this concern, the aim of this study is to evaluate levels of PAH pollution, identify the sources of the PAHs, analyze the influence of surface-groundwater interactions on PAH distribution, and propose urgent management strategies for PAHs in China's agricultural areas. PAH concentrations, hydrochemical indicators and stable isotopic compositions (δ(18)O and δ(2)H) were determined for surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) samples...
March 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324828/evaluation-of-dna-damage-and-physiological-responses-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-linnaeus-1758-exposed-to-sub-lethal-diclofenac-dcf
#16
Pramod K Pandey, Malachy N O Ajima, Kundan Kumar, Nalini Poojary, Saurav Kumar
The frequent bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic ecosystem has raised a concern about their possible ecotoxicological consequences. DNA damage, haematological changes and activities of oxidative stress enzymes in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus in response to diclofenac (DCF) exposure were investigated for up to 60 days at the concentrations of 0.17, 0.34 and 0.68mgL(-1) in the fish liver. Evaluation of genotoxic effects of the drug in the liver, using single-cell gel electrophoresis, showed DNA damage on exposure at the concentrations of 0...
March 8, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323672/safety-interventions-on-the-labor-and-delivery-unit
#17
Rachel M Kacmar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review highlights recent advances in efforts to improve patient safety on labor and delivery units and well tolerated care for pregnant patients in general. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in obstetric patient safety have a broad focus but repetitive themes for interdisciplinary training include: simulating critical events, having open multidisciplinary communication, frequent reviews of cases of maternal morbidity, and implementing maternal early warning systems...
March 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323467/sales-of-nicotine-containing-electronic-cigarette-products-united-states-2015
#18
Kristy L Marynak, Doris G Gammon, Todd Rogers, Ellen M Coats, Tushar Singh, Brian A King
OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products sold in the United States that contain nicotine according to retail scanner data. METHODS: We obtained unit sales data from January 11, 2015, to December 12, 2015, from The Nielsen Company for convenience stores; supermarkets; mass merchandisers; drug, club, and dollar stores; and Department of Defense commissaries. The data did not include purchases from tobacco specialty shops, "vape shops," or online sources...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323449/the-relative-importance-of-real-time-in-cab-and-external-feedback-in-managing-fatigue-in-real-world-commercial-transport-operations
#19
Michael Fitzharris, Sara Liu, Amanda N Stephens, Michael G Lenné
OBJECTIVE: Real-time driver monitoring systems represent a solution to address key behavioral risks as they occur, particularly distraction and fatigue. The efficacy of these systems in real-world settings is largely unknown. This paper has three objectives: 1) to document the incidence and duration of fatigue in real-world commercial truck driving operations, 2) to determine the reduction, if any, in the incidence of fatigue episodes associated with providing feedback, and 3) to tease apart the relative contribution of in-cab warnings from 24 monitoring and feedback to employers...
March 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323447/injury-mitigation-estimates-for-an-intersection-driver-assistance-system-in-straight-crossing-path-crashes-in-the-u-s
#20
John M Scanlon, Rini Sherony, Hampton C Gabler
OBJECTIVE: Accounting for one-fifth of all crashes and one-sixth of all fatal crashes in the U.S., intersection crashes are among the most frequent and fatal crash modes. Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (I-ADAS) are emerging vehicle-based active safety systems that aim to help drivers safely navigate intersections. The objective of this study was to estimate the number of crashes and number of vehicles with a seriously injured driver (MAIS3+) that could be prevented or reduced if, for every straight crossing path (SCP) intersection crash, one of the vehicles had been equipped with an I-ADAS...
March 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
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