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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213489/summaries-of-safety-labeling-changes-approved-by-fda-boxed-warnings-highlights-october-december-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212145/assessing-and-managing-acute-pain-a-call-to-action
#2
Carla R Jungquist, April Hazard Vallerand, Corinna Sicoutris, Kyung N Kwon, Rosemary C Polomano
: Acute pain, which is usually sudden in onset and time limited, serves a biological protective function, warning the body of impending danger. However, while acute pain often resolves over time with normal healing, unrelieved acute pain can disrupt activities of daily living and transition to chronic pain. This article describes the effects of unrelieved acute pain on patients and clinical outcomes. The authors call on nurses to assess and manage acute pain in accordance with evidence-based guidelines, expert consensus reports, and position statements from professional nursing organizations in order to minimize the likelihood of its becoming chronic...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208749/graphic-warning-labels-and-the-cost-savings-from-reduced-smoking-among-pregnant-women
#3
John A Tauras, Richard M Peck, Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka
Introduction: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has estimated the economic impact of Graphic Warning Labels (GWLs). By omitting the impact on tobacco consumption by pregnant women, the FDA analysis underestimates the economic benefits that would occur from the proposed regulations. There is a strong link between the occurrence of low birth weight babies and smoking while pregnant. Low birth weight babies in turn generate much higher hospital costs than normal birth weight babies. This study aims to fill the gap by quantifying the national hospital cost savings from the reductions in prenatal smoking that will arise if GWLs are implemented in the U...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208227/integrating-remotely-sensed-fires-for-predicting-deforestation-for-redd
#4
Dolors Armenteras, Cerian Gibbes, Jesús A Anaya, Liliana M Dávalos
Fire is an important tool in tropical forest management, as it alters forest composition, structure, and the carbon budget. The United Nations program on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) aims to sustainably manage forests, as well as conserve and enhance their carbon stocks. Despite the crucial role of fire management, decision-making on REDD+ interventions fails to systematically include fires. Here, we address this critical knowledge gap in two ways. First, we review REDD+ projects and programs to assess the inclusion of fires in monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems...
February 16, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207350/shifting-attention-between-visual-dimensions-as-a-source-of-switch-costs
#5
Heike Elchlepp, Maisy Best, Aureliu Lavric, Stephen Monsell
Task-switching experiments have documented a puzzling phenomenon: Advance warning of the switch reduces but does not eliminate the switch cost. Theoretical accounts have posited that the residual switch cost arises when one selects the relevant stimulus-response mapping, leaving earlier perceptual processes unaffected. We put this assumption to the test by seeking electrophysiological markers of encoding a perceptual dimension. Participants categorized a colored letter as a vowel or consonant or its color as "warm" or "cold...
February 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207168/design-and-rationale-of-the-ebbinghaus-trial-a-phase-3-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-evolocumab-on-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-clinically-evident-cardiovascular-disease-and-receiving-statin-background-lipid
#6
Robert P Giugliano, Francois Mach, Kenton Zavitz, Christopher Kurtz, Jingjing Schneider, Huei Wang, Anthony Keech, Terje R Pedersen, Marc S Sabatine, Peter S Sever, Narimon Honarpour, Scott M Wasserman, Brian R Ott
Some observational studies raised concern that statins may cause memory impairment, leading to a US Food and Drug Administration warning. Similar questions were raised regarding proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) and neurocognitive function. No prospectively designed study has evaluated the relationship between long-term PCSK9i use and cognition changes. Patients with prior cardiovascular disease treated with maximally tolerated statin enrolled in FOURIER (the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcome study of the PCSK9i evolocumab) could participate in this prospective assessment of cognitive function (EBBINGHAUS)...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#7
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203570/multifocal-gastric-ulcers-caused-by-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-patient-with-significant-weight-loss
#8
Mark A Gromski, Jennifer L Peng, Jiehao Zhou, Howard C Masuoka, Attaya Suvannasankha, Suthat Liangpunsakul
Primary gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma is a heterogeneous disease with varied clinical presentations. The stomach is the most common GI site and accounts for 70% to 75% of GI lymphomas. We present a patient with gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who presented with significant weight loss, early satiety, and multifocal ulcerated gastric lesions. Esophagoduodenoscopy should be performed in patients presenting with warning symptoms as in our case. Diagnosis is usually made by endoscopic biopsies. Multiple treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy have been used...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202868/rt-pa-with-antithrombotic-therapies-in-a-case-with-capsular-warning-syndrome
#9
Yasuhiro Fuseya, Miyuki Kawamura, Eri Matsuda, Kozue Takada, Kiwamu Watanabe, Junko Fujitake, Yoshifumi Nakaya
We herein report a case of capsular warning syndrome (CWS) that was successfully treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). A 70-year-old woman had repeated stereotyped transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) of right hemiparesis and dysarthria. After hospitalization, argatroban, aspirin, and cilostazol were started but were ineffective. Thirteen hours after the first episode of TIAs, severe symptoms occurred. Magnetic resonance imaging showed acute infarctions in the internal capsule to corona radiata, so we used rt-PA...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198326/charging-non-uk-residents-for-care-must-not-fall-to-staff-say-unions
#10
(no author information available yet)
Plans to charge overseas patients for non-urgent NHS treatment are unworkable and nurses and other healthcare workers must not be made to police them, health unions have warned.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198322/nursingstandard-com
#11
(no author information available yet)
1 The number of applicants from England making at least one choice for a nursing course fell by 10,000, data released by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service revealed. The RCN said it 'consistently warned' the government that removing the bursary would result in fewer applications. Read more: rcni.com/ucas-figures.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198292/state-of-child-health-in-the-uk-is-unacceptable
#12
Judith Ellis
The State of Child Health report, published last month by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, warns that a lack of a national strategic focus on children and the persistent gap between rich and poor in the UK are damaging the health of the nation's infants, children and young people.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196111/epidemiological-assessment-of-the-severity-of-dengue-epidemics-in-french-guiana
#13
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Christelle Prince, Philippe Abboud, Vanessa Ardillon, Luisiane Carvalho, Magalie Demar, Rachida Boukhari, Martine Papaix-Puech, Narcisse Elenga, Dominique Rousset, Séverine Matheus, Mathieu Nacher, Philippe Quenel, Félix Djossou
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is the most important arboviral infection that affects humans, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Here, we provide the first comprehensive overview of the severity of dengue epidemics in French Guiana. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We monitored hospitalized cases between 2008 and 2013. Detailed clinical features and biological parameters were collected on a daily basis from all cases. Among the 1,356 cases, 216 (16%) were classified according to the WHO 2009 classification as dengue without warning signs (WS), 926 (68%) were classified as dengue with WS and 214 (16%) were classified as severe dengue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195575/a-land-data-assimilation-system-for-sub-saharan-africa-food-and-water-security-applications
#14
Amy McNally, Kristi Arsenault, Sujay Kumar, Shraddhanand Shukla, Pete Peterson, Shugong Wang, Chris Funk, Christa D Peters-Lidard, James P Verdin
Seasonal agricultural drought monitoring systems, which rely on satellite remote sensing and land surface models (LSMs), are important for disaster risk reduction and famine early warning. These systems require the best available weather inputs, as well as a long-term historical record to contextualize current observations. This article introduces the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Land Data Assimilation System (FLDAS), a custom instance of the NASA Land Information System (LIS) framework. The FLDAS is routinely used to produce multi-model and multi-forcing estimates of hydro-climate states and fluxes over semi-arid, food insecure regions of Africa...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193255/a-narrative-synthesis-of-factors-that-affect-women-speaking-up-about-early-warning-signs-and-symptoms-of-pre-eclampsia-and-responses-of-healthcare-staff
#15
Wendy Carter, Debra Bick, Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: One of the challenges for treating pre-eclampsia and preventing further deterioration is determining how best to enable early detection. If women or their partners and families are able to raise early warnings about potential signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia in pregnancy, birth and in the postnatal period, women may be able to receive earlier intervention to prevent severe pre-eclampsia from developing. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of factors affecting the ability of women to recognise symptoms and signs of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and seek appropriate medical help and factors affecting health care professionals' responses to women and their families who 'speak up' about early warning signs and symptoms...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193215/analysing-trends-and-forecasting-malaria-epidemics-in-madagascar-using-a-sentinel-surveillance-network-a-web-based-application
#16
Florian Girond, Laurence Randrianasolo, Lea Randriamampionona, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Télesphore Yao Brou, Vincent Herbreteau, Morgan Mangeas, Sixte Zigiumugabe, Judith Hedje, Christophe Rogier, Patrice Piola
BACKGROUND: The use of a malaria early warning system (MEWS) to trigger prompt public health interventions is a key step in adding value to the epidemiological data routinely collected by sentinel surveillance systems. METHODS: This study describes a system using various epidemic thresholds and a forecasting component with the support of new technologies to improve the performance of a sentinel MEWS. Malaria-related data from 21 sentinel sites collected by Short Message Service are automatically analysed to detect malaria trends and malaria outbreak alerts with automated feedback reports...
February 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191617/impacts-of-extremely-high-temperature-and-heatwave-on-heatstroke-in-chongqing-china
#17
Yonghong Li, Chengcheng Li, Shuquan Luo, Jinyu He, Yibin Cheng, Yinlong Jin
Few studies have reported the quantitative association between heat and heatstroke (HS) occurrence, particularly in China. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the association between high temperature/heatwave and HS occurrence in Chongqing. The daily HS data from 2009 to 2013 of Chongqing were extracted from Chongqing Center for Disease Control and Prevention. A Zero-inflated Poisson regression model (ZIP) with a logistic distribution was used to quantitatively analyze the impacts of the daily maximum temperature (Tmax) over the threshold on HS occurrence by gender, age, and severity of HS, after controlling for covariates including day of the week (DOW), relative humidity, and daily temperature range...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191539/management-of-hospitalized-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#18
Juan José Marín-Peñalver, Iciar Martín-Timón, Francisco Javier Del Cañizo-Gómez
Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients are associated with adverse outcomes including increased rates of infection, longer hospital length of stay, and even death. Clinical trials in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus proved that by improving glycemic control, we can reduce all of them. Insulin is the preferred treatment for glycemic control in most cases, but alternative treatment options that can normalize blood glucose levels without hypoglycemia are being sought. Moreover, hospitalized patients are particularly vulnerable to severe, prolonged hypoglycemia since they may be unable to sense or respond to the early warning signs and symptoms of low blood glucose...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#19
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189059/augmented-reality-warnings-in-vehicles-effects-of-modality-and-specificity-on-effectiveness
#20
Felix Schwarz, Wolfgang Fastenmeier
In the future, vehicles will be able to warn drivers of hidden dangers before they are visible. Specific warning information about these hazards could improve drivers' reactions and the warning effectiveness, but could also impair them, for example, by additional cognitive-processing costs. In a driving simulator study with 88 participants, we investigated the effects of modality (auditory vs. visual) and specificity (low vs. high) on warning effectiveness. For the specific warnings, we used augmented reality as an advanced technology to display the additional auditory or visual warning information...
February 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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