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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635463/an-overview-of-the-evidence-based-practice-process-for-novice-researchers
#1
Emma Rowles, Amanda McNaughton
This article explores how nurses can use evidence-based practice to critique and evaluate the rationale and evidence for specific nursing procedures or practices. Through the development of a focused research question and search strategy, nurses can select and critique relevant research articles to answer the research question, which can support the provision of optimal practice and high-quality care. This article demonstrates the process of evidence-based practice, with the aim of increasing novice researchers' confidence in applying this process in practice...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634592/euglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-with-prolonged-glucosuria-associated-with-the-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-canagliflozin
#2
Daniel A Kelmenson, Kelsey Burr, Yusra Azhar, Paul Reynolds, Chelsea A Baker, Neda Rasouli
Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors improve glycemic control by a reversible inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporters in the renal proximal tubules resulting in increased urinary glucose. This unique mechanism, independent of insulin secretion and beta cell function, has made this class of medication desirable in patients with type 2 diabetes. However in May 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a safety warning pertaining to the development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) with the use of SGLT2 inhibitors...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633891/aids-avian-flu-sars-mers-ebola-zika%C3%A2-what-next
#3
REVIEW
Leslie A Reperant, Albert D M E Osterhaus
Emerging infections have threatened humanity since times immemorial. The dramatic anthropogenic, behavioral and social changes that have affected humanity and the environment in the past century have accelerated the intrusion of novel pathogens into the global human population, sometimes with devastating consequences. The AIDS and influenza pandemics have claimed and will continue to claim millions of lives. The recent SARS and Ebola epidemics have threatened populations across borders. The emergence of MERS may well be warning signals of a nascent pandemic threat, while the potential for geographical spread of vector-borne diseases, such as Zika, but also Dengue and Chikungunya is unprecedented...
June 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633120/heatwave-and-infants-hospital-admissions-under-different-heatwave-definitions
#4
Zhiwei Xu, James Lewis Crooks, Deborah Black, Wenbiao Hu, Shilu Tong
OBJECTIVES: Data on the health impacts of heatwaves in infants are limited, and this study aimed to examine how heatwaves affect hospital admissions in infants. METHODS: A quasi-Poisson generalized additive model was used to assess the effects of heatwaves on hospital admissions in infants from 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2015 in Brisbane, Australia, using a series of heatwave definitions after controlling for possible confounders. A case-only analysis was conducted to examine the possible modification effects of personal and community characteristics on the heatwaves effects on infants' hospital admissions...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632912/surveillance-and-early-warning-systems-of-infectious-disease-in-china-from-2012-to-2014
#5
Honglong Zhang, Liping Wang, Shengjie Lai, Zhongjie Li, Qiao Sun, Peng Zhang
Appropriate surveillance and early warning of infectious diseases have very useful roles in disease control and prevention. In 2004, China established the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Surveillance System and the Public Health Emergency Event Surveillance System to report disease surveillance and events on the basis of data sources from the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Surveillance System, China Infectious Disease Automated-alert and Response System in this country. This study provided a descriptive summary and a data analysis, from 2012 to 2014, of these 3 key surveillance and early warning systems of infectious disease in China with the intent to provide suggestions for system improvement and perfection...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632854/warnings-for-anesthetic-drugs
#6
Rebecca Voelker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631911/-the-study-of-mineral-composition-and-structure-of-uroliths-in-the-residents-of-tomsk-district-tomsk
#7
O A Sevostyanova, V S Boshchenko, V K Osadchii, V P Parnachev, A K Polienko
AIM: To successfully treat and prevent urolithiasis, the composition and structure of uroliths should be examined using modern analytical techniques. For a long time, studies of the biomineral formation in the human body have been conducted exclusively in the field of medicine. The main attention has been paid to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases leading to the occurrence of pathogenic formations. At the same time, it is quite obvious that it is important to have a clear idea about the causes of pathogenic formations, the mechanisms for their further formation, composition and structure...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631473/instrumentation-and-method-development-for-on-site-analysis-of-helium-isotopes
#8
Kirk Richard Jensen, Toshinobu Hondo, Hirochika Sumino, Michisato Toyoda
Helium isotope determination may be useful in measuring volcanic activity and issuing earlier warnings of possible eruptions. A method is presented for measuring the (3)He/(4)He ratio in a gas sample using the multi-turn time-of-flight mass spectrometer infiTOF-UHV (MSI-Tokyo Inc., Tokyo Japan) (infiTOF). In contrast to conventional waveform averaging, peaks are determined by counting ion pulses from each time-of-flight trigger. Samples were also measured by conventional magnetic-sector mass spectrometry for comparison...
June 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631045/-headaches
#9
REVIEW
M Michl, G M Michl
Headaches can be so severe that patients and doctors often fear life-threatening underlying cerebral pathologies. The spectrum of causes of headache is very heterogeneous and ranges from harmless situations to severe diseases, so that it is very difficult to consider all differential diagnoses simultaneously; however, a few targeted questions and physical examinations are sufficient to be able to make a better classification of the leading symptom headache. The following article serves as a quick guide for identification of patients at risk...
June 19, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630532/first-impressions-from-faces
#10
Leslie A Zebrowitz
Although cultural wisdom warns 'don't judge a book by its cover,' we seem unable to inhibit this tendency even though it can produce inaccurate impressions of people's psychological traits and has significant social consequences. One explanation for this paradox is that first impressions of faces overgeneralize our adaptive impressions of categories of people that those faces resemble (including babies, familiar or unfamiliar people, unfit people, emotional people). Research testing these 'overgeneralization' hypotheses elucidates why we form first impressions from faces, what impressions we form, and what cues influence these impressions...
June 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630401/waterpipe-product-packaging-and-labelling-at-the-3rd-international-hookah-fair-does-it-comply-with-article-11-of-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control
#11
Mohammed Jawad, Andrea Darzi, Tamara Lotfi, Rima Nakkash, Ben Hawkins, Elie A Akl
We assessed compliance of waterpipe product packaging and labelling with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's Article 11. We evaluated samples collected at a trade fair against ten domains: health warning location, size, use of pictorials, use of colour, and packaging information on constituents and emissions. We also evaluated waterpipe accessories (e.g., charcoal) for misleading claims. Ten of 15 tobacco products had health warnings on their principal display areas, covering a median of 22.4 per cent (interquartile range 19...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630038/nhs-pay-cap-is-barrier-to-recruitment-and-retention-unions-warn
#12
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629441/erratum-to-noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#13
Zejun Li, Tara Elton-Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629138/alcohol-warnings-and-moderate-drinking-patterns-among-italian-university-students-an-exploratory-study
#14
Azzurra Annunziata, Riccardo Vecchio, Angela Mariani
The introduction of health warnings on labels to correct externalities associated with alcohol consumption is heavily debated and has been explored from different perspectives. The current paper aims to analyse the interest and attitudes of Italian university students regarding health warnings on alcoholic beverages and to verify the existence of segments that differ in terms of attitudes towards such warnings. Our results show that young consumers consider health warnings quite important, although the degree of perceived utility differs in relation to the type of warning...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628846/substance-p-and-the-neurokinin-1-receptor-expression-in-dog-ileum-with-and-without-inflammation
#15
Giulia Polidoro, Fiorella Giancola, Federico Fracassi, Marco Pietra, Giuliano Bettini, Martina Asti, Roberto Chiocchetti
In the gastrointestinal tract, the tachykinin Substance P (SP) is involved in motility, fluid and electrolyte secretion, and blood flow and regulation of immunoinflammatory response. SP exerts its biological activity on target cells by interacting mainly with the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R). The present study aims to quantify the percentage of SP-immunoreactive (SP-IR) enteric neurons and the density of SP-IR nerve fibers in the ileum of control dogs (CTRL-dogs; n=7) vs dogs with spontaneous ileal inflammation (INF-dogs; n=8)...
June 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#16
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628274/new-technology-of-using-meteorological-information-in-forest-insect-pest-forecast-and-warning-systems
#17
Jiang-Lin Qin, Xiu-Hao Yang, Zhong-Wu Yang, Ji-Tong Luo, Xiu-Feng Lei
BACKGROUND: Near surface air temperature and rainfall are major weather factors affecting forest insect dynamics. The recent development in remote sensing retrieval and GIS spatial analysis techniques enable the utilization of weather factors to significantly enhance forest pest forecasting and warning systems. The current study focused on building forest pest digital data structures as a platform of correlation analysis between weather conditions and forest pest dynamics for better pest forecasting and warning systems using the new technologies...
June 19, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625267/-application-of-quality-control-chart-in-quality-control-for-nosocomial-infection-in-intensive-care-unit
#18
Yumei Cheng, Yuanyi Liu, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of control chart in the management of nosocomial infection in intensive care unit (ICU) by using quality control chart to monitor the infections in ICU. METHODS: From October 2011 to June 2016, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), namely the three catheters, occurred in ICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University were monitored and recorded monthly, then the data was imput into the Excel, and the data was analyzed using SPSS...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625251/-a-novel-protein-peptide-associated-with-ischemic-heart-disease-dermcidin
#19
Hu Xia, Kai Feng
Dermcidin (DCD) was found in isolated human skin sweat glands with antimicrobial effect, and was defined as a kind of new small molecule antimicrobial peptide. It was a part of human sweat glands in the skin as the immune system's innate defense. With the studies of DCD, its extensive biological functions are gradually discovered. Since 2010, a number of studies have shown that DCD may be a new risk factor for atherosclerosis. And the role of DCD in ischemic heart disease has drawn increasing attention in particular its relationship with insulin secretion and glycemic control, nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and hypertension, platelet aggregation and acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625228/warnings-as-a-directive-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling-scheme-comparison-with-the-guideline-daily-amount-and-traffic-light-systems
#20
Alejandra Arrúa, Leandro Machín, María Rosa Curutchet, Joseline Martínez, Lucía Antúnez, Florencia Alcaire, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: Warnings have recently been proposed as a new type of directive front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling scheme to flag products with high content of key nutrients. In the present work, this system was compared with the two most common FOP nutrition labelling schemes (Guideline Daily Amounts (GDA) and traffic-light system) in terms of goal-directed attention, influence on perceived healthfulness and ability to differentiate between products. Design/Setting/Subjects Goal-directed attention to FOP labels was evaluated using a visual search task in which participants were presented with labels on a computer screen and were asked to indicate whether labels with high sodium content were present or absent...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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