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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764082/biotransformation-and-metabolism-of-three-mulberry-anthocyanin-monomers-by-rat-gut-microflora
#1
Yao Chen, Qian Li, Ting Zhao, Zhen Zhang, Guanghua Mao, Weiwei Feng, Xiangyang Wu, Liuqing Yang
Anthocyanins (ACNs) are naturally occurring components of human diet. Evidence has accumulated regarding the positive association of their intake with chronic disease. Because microbiota has been considered as a metabolic organ, the bacterial-dependent metabolisms of three types of ACNs from mulberry fruits (cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), cyanidin-3-rutinoside (C3R), delphinidin-3-rutinoside (D3R)) during a simulation of large intestine conditions were investigated. ACNs and metabolites were analysed and characterized by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrum (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704984/the-effect-of-personal-familial-and-enviroinmental-characteristics-on-acne-vulgaris-a-prospective-multicenter-case-controlled-study-from-turkey
#2
Ayşe S Karadağ, İlknur Balta, Hayriye Saricaoğlu, Selim Kiliç, Kıymet H Kelekçi, Mehmet Yildirim, Deniz A Arica, Savaş Öztürk, Göksun Karaman, Aslı A Çerman, Serap G Bilgili, Enver Turan, Mustafa M Demirci, Tuğba K Uzunçakmak, Serdar C Güvenç, Arzu Ataseven, Ayten Ferahbaş, Berna Aksoy, Emine Çölgeçen, Özlem Ekiz, Filiz Topaloğlu Demir, Özlem Bilgiç, Seray Çakmak, Derya Uçmak, Pınar Özuğuz, Yeşim Kaymak Konkuralp, Aylin T Ermertcan, Gonca Gökdemir, Emel Bülbül Başkan, Gökçen Alyamaç, Hatice Şanli
BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study...
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677199/acne
#3
Klaus Degitz, Falk Ochsendorf
Acne is a chronic disease with a high prevalence among adolescents. Key pathogenetic factors (and their clinical correlates) are increased sebum production (seborrhea), follicular hyperkeratosis (comedones), and perifollicular inflammation (papules and pustules). The disease is modulated by a variety of endogenous (androgens, IGF-1, neuroendocrine factors) and exogenous (Propionibacterium acnes, diet, friction, ingredients of medical or cosmetic topical products) triggers. Acne is associated with high morbidity, and even mild manifestations may potentially cause considerable impairment in quality of life...
July 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609760/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-18-year-old-male-army-conscripts-in-a-south-brazilian-city
#4
Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Hiram de Almeida, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Christos C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of acne varies worldwide. Several factors (age, skin color, body fat, diet, and smoking) have been investigated as risk factors. OBJECTIVE: A total of 2,201 18-year-old males living in Pelotas, South Brazil, were evaluated in order to examine the prevalence of acne and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. A dermatologist performed the clinical examination of the face and trunk for identification of acne lesions...
June 14, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513546/edible-plants-and-their-influence-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-acne
#5
REVIEW
Ashley K Clark, Kelly N Haas, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris affects most people at some point in their lives. Due to unclear etiology, likely with multiple factors, targeted and low-risk treatments have yet to be developed. In this review, we explore the multiple causes of acne and how plant-based foods and supplements can control these. The proposed causative factors include insulin resistance, sex hormone imbalances, inflammation and microbial dysbiosis. There is an emerging body of work on the human gut microbiome and how it mediates feedback between the foods we eat and our bodies...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435833/diet-in-acne-vulgaris-open-or-solved-problem
#6
Jakub Morze, Katarzyna Eufemia Przybylowicz, Anna Danielewicz, Małgorzata Obara-Golebiowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326292/acne-located-on-the-trunk-whey-protein-supplementation-is-there-any-association
#7
Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Nazan Emiroglu, Anil Gulsel Bahali, Nahide Onsun
Whey protein is a source of protein that was isolated from milk. Whey proteins are composed of higher levels of essential amino acids. The role of diet in acne etiology has been investigated for several years. It was established that milk and milk products can trigger acneiform lesions, and recent evidence supports the role of whey protein supplements in acne. Herein, we report 6 healthy male adolescent patients developing acne located only to the trunk after the consumption of whey protein supplements for faster bodybuilding...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274349/sex-hormones-and-acne
#8
Qiang Ju, Tao Tao, Tingting Hu, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Safaa Al-Khuzaei, WenChieh Chen
The skin is an endocrine organ with the expression of metabolizing enzymes and hormone receptors for diverse hormones. The sebaceous gland is the main site of hormone biosynthesis, especially for androgens, and acne is the classical androgen-mediated dermatosis. In sebocytes, conversion of 17-hydroxyprogesterone directly to dihydrotestosterone bypassing testosterone has been demonstrated, while type II 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase can inactivate the action of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. The androgen receptor-dependent genomic effect of dihydrotestosterone on sebocytes is confirmed...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223742/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-increases-the-expression-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-sebum-production-in-cultured-sebocytes
#10
Hyojin Kim, Sun Young Moon, Mi Yeung Sohn, Weon Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris has been linked to the Western diet. Hyperglycemic diet increases insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1. Deeper insights into IGF-1-mediated signal pathway are critical importance to understand the impact of Western diet. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of IGF-1 on the expression of inflammatory biomarkers and sebum production in cultured sebocytes. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were performed to measure changes in the expression of inflammatory biomarkers including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), IGF1R, IGFBP2, sterol response element-binding protein (SREBP), and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PI3KCA) after the treatment of cultured sebocytes with 10(-7) M or 10(-5) M IGF-1...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195079/update-on-etiopathogenesis-and-treatment-of-acne
#11
REVIEW
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Insha Latief, Iffat Hassan
Acne, the most common skin disease, is a disorder of pilosebaceous units that affects adolescents mainly and adults occasionally. The pathogenesis is multifactorial. Besides genetic predisposition, other major factors include the action of androgens, pro-inflammatory lipids acting as ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in the sebocytes, toll-like receptor-2 acting on keratinocytes, recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns, cytokines, chemokines, inflammasomes, neuroendocrine regulatory mechanisms, diet and other pro-inflammatory targets implicated in the activation of immune detection and response...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#12
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035217/the-possible-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-of-adult-female-acne
#13
REVIEW
Krystyna Romańska-Gocka, Magdalena Woźniak, Elżbieta Kaczmarek-Skamira, Barbara Zegarska
Acne in adults is a chronic, increasingly common disease, especially among women. It differs in pathogenesis and clinical presentation from adolescent acne. Acne in adults is associated with Western diet, defined as high consumption of milk, high glycemic load and high calorie intake. Metabolic signals of this diet result in a significant increase in insulin/insulin growth factor 1 serum level and consequently in the molecular interplay of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 kinase (mTORC1)/forkhead box protein 1 (FoxO1) mediated nutrient signaling, leading to increased proliferation of keratinocytes, increased lipogenesis and sebum production and finally to aggravation of acne...
December 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814423/influence-of-diet-in-acne-vulgaris-and-atopic-dermatitis
#14
REVIEW
Divya Shokeen
Diet has been considered as an influence in dermatology for several years. Unfortunately, although correlation has been breached, causation is yet to be determined. Over the last couple years, a few reviews of the literature have been published regarding the influence of diet in acne vulgaris and atopic dermatitis. This article reviews some dietary restrictions and supplements that may have beneficial effects in managing patients with acne vulgaris and atopic dermatitis.
September 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749646/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-adolescent-male-students-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Nagah M Abo El-Fetoh, Naif G Alenezi, Nasser G Alshamari, Omar G Alenezi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Small, noninflamed acne lesions may not be more than a slight nuisance, but, in individuals with more severe inflammatory disease, pain, social embarrassment, and both physical and psychological scarring can be life altering. Despite its high prevalence, no previous community-based studies have been conducted in Arar, northern border of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, addressing this issue...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651516/the-blemishes-of-modern-society-acne-prevalence-in-the-dogon-of-mali
#16
Christine E Campbell, Beverly I Strassmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases may reflect an evolutionary mismatch between our human ancestry and modern environments. To explore the mismatch hypothesis for Acne vulgaris, we studied the prevalence and severity of acne in Dogon adolescents in Mali, West Africa. METHODOLOGY: We graded the prevalence and severity of acne in 1182 Dogon adolescents aged 11-18 years from nine villages using facial photos taken as part of a prospective cohort study...
2016: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569192/consumption-of-a-high-fat-diet-alters-the-seminal-fluid-and-gut-microbiomes-in-male-mice
#17
Angela B Javurek, William G Spollen, Sarah A Johnson, Nathan J Bivens, Karen H Bromert, Scott A Givan, Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Our prior work showed that a novel microbiome resides in the seminal vesicles of wild-type and oestrogen receptor α (Esr1) knock-out mice and is impacted by the presence of functional Esr1 genes. The seminal fluid microbiome (SFM) may influence the health and reproductive status of the male, along with that of his partner and offspring. A high-fat diet (HFD) alters metabolites and other factors within seminal fluid and might affect the SFM. Adult (~15 weeks old) male mice were placed for 4 weeks on a control or high-fat diet and seminal fluid and fecal samples were collected, bacterial DNA isolated and subjected to 16s rRNA sequencing...
August 29, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450757/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-incompatible-dietary-behavior-of-patients-suffering-from-skin-diseases-a-pilot-study
#18
Meghana Kulkarni, Dushyant Keny, Anirudha Vyankatesh Potey, Raakhi K Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda implies the importance of diet and dietary habits in various human diseases. Confirmatory evidence regarding role of diet and dietary practices in diseases of skin are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess incompatible dietary behavior in acne, psoriasis, fungal infections, and vitiligo patients using a questionnaire tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional case control study was conducted in the skin out-patient department of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438194/acne-scars-in-18-year-old-male-adolescents-a-population-based-study-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#19
Fernanda Tcatch Lauermann, Hiram Larangeira de Almeida, Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Paulo Ricardo Martins de Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a pilosebaceous follicle disorder affecting over 85% of adolescents to some degree. It frequently causes psychological distress that may persist into adulthood due to scarring. Little information about post-acne scarring epidemiology is available. OBJECTIVES: To describe prevalence, distribution patterns and associated factors of acne scarring in young males, drawing on a representative population sample from a southern Brazilian city...
May 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422392/acne-and-dairy-products-in-adolescence-results-from-a-norwegian-longitudinal-study
#20
M Ulvestad, E Bjertness, F Dalgard, J A Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Acne is a very common skin condition, and it is of great interest to elucidate lifestyle factors that may contribute to its occurrence. In the last decade, the acne-diet connection has been brought back to credibility. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether high intakes of dairy products in early adolescence is associated with moderate to severe acne in later adolescence. METHODS: The study is a longitudinal, questionnaire-based population study of Norwegian adolescents...
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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