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Acne diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691143/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-decreases-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-among-adults-with-moderate-and-severe-acne-a-short-duration-2-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jennifer Burris, James M Shikany, William Rietkerk, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: A high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet may stimulate acne proliferative pathways by influencing biochemical factors associated with acne. However, few randomized controlled trials have examined this relationship, and this process is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in biochemical factors associated with acne among adults with moderate to severe acne after following a low GI and GL diet or usual eating plan for 2 weeks...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#2
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498183/il1a-889-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-effect-of-diet-as-a-risk-factor-in-acne-vulgaris
#3
Adel A Ibrahim, Rehab M Salem, Ola S El-Shimi, Shaymaa M A Baghdady, Shimaa Hussein
BACKGROUND: Despite the several studies suggesting the genetic basis of acne vulgaris, the exact genetic architecture of this very common condition is not yet clear. AIM OF THE WORK: This study aimed to investigate the association between IL-1A (-889) gene polymorphism and acne vulgaris in a sample of patients. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Blood samples from 100 patients with acne vulgaris and 100 healthy age, sex, and BMI matched controls were obtained...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464224/acne-in-adolescents
#4
Kurt Gebauer
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris affects more than 90% of Australian adolescents aged 16-18 years. It may have a significantly deleterious effect on their self-esteem and emotional state. Moderate-to-severe acne can lead to scarring. There are many treatment options available. Most teenagers obtain information from their peers or from the internet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to inform general practitioners (GPs) of the pathogenesis, physiology and description of acne, as well as therapeutic options, including topical and systemic therapies...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357214/skin-and-diet-an-update-on-the-role-of-dietary-change-as-a-treatment-strategy-for-skin-disease
#5
Rajani Katta, Mary Jo Kramer
An increasing body of research indicates that dietary change may serve as a component of therapy for certain skin conditions. This includes conditions such as acne, atopic dermatitis, aging skin, psoriasis, and rosacea. Certain nutrients, foods, or dietary patterns may act as disease "triggers", while others may prove beneficial. Avoidance or elimination diets may be helpful in some conditions, although testing may be recommended first. In terms of beneficial effects, an eating pattern that emphasizes the consumption of whole foods over highly processed foods may help in the treatment of certain skin conditions, and will certainly help in the prevention of associated co-morbidities...
January 2018: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241749/acne-vulgaris-the-metabolic-syndrome-of-the-pilosebaceous-follicle
#6
Bodo C Melnik
Acne vulgaris is an epidemic inflammatory disease of the human sebaceous follicle and represents the most common skin disease affecting about 85% of adolescents in Westernized populations. Acne vulgaris is primarily a disease of wealthy countries and exhibits higher prevalence rates in developed compared with developing countries. No acne has been found in non-Westernized populations still living under Paleolithic dietary conditions constraining hyperglycemic carbohydrates, milk, and dairy products. The high prevalence rates of adolescent acne cannot be explained by the predominance of genetic factors but by the influence of a Western diet that overstimulates the key conductor of metabolism, the nutrient- and growth factor-sensitive kinase mTORC1...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137071/a-comparative-study-of-biological-and-metabolic-biomarkers-between-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-acne-vulgaris-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kyuseok Kim, Injin Ha, Eunok Kim, Kyunglee Kim
Acne is a multifactorial dermatosis, which is influenced not only by hormones but also by the biochemical relationship between them and the pilosebaceous unit. Inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, active oxygen, and zinc are known to be associated with the development of acne. Further, steroid metabolism is known as one of the important factors related to sebum secretion and comedone formation in acne. However, there is a lack of studies comparing these human biomarkers between healthy individuals and patients with acne...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084194/-diet-in-pathogenesis-of-acne-vulgaris
#8
REVIEW
Katarzyna Ozdarska, Karolina Osucha, Stepan Savitskyi, Jacek Malejczyk, Ryszard Galus
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatologic condition especially among adolescents. Acne is related to excess sebum production by sebaceous glands, inflammation both within and adjacent to the comedones, hyperproliferation of Propionibacterium acnes. Some of investigations show association between acne and diet. Milk increases the level of IGF-1 leading to the synthesis of androgen-mediated increases sebum production. Chocolate predispose to hyperglycemia and insulinemia which aggravate of acne vulgaris...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979011/living-with-acne-belief-and-perception-in-a-sample-of-indian-youths
#9
Mayank Kaushik, Sanjeev Gupta, Aneet Mahendra
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common disease among adolescent. There is paucity of information on knowledge and understanding of acne patients about their condition. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to evaluate beliefs and perception of acne patient toward their understanding of disease, treatment option, and information source. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on acne patients by means of a questionnaire during 2013-2014 at MMIMSR, Ambala...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764082/biotransformation-and-metabolism-of-three-mulberry-anthocyanin-monomers-by-rat-gut-microflora
#10
Yao Chen, Qian Li, Ting Zhao, Zhen Zhang, Guanghua Mao, Weiwei Feng, Xiangyang Wu, Liuqing Yang
Anthocyanins (ACNs) are naturally occurring components of human diet. Evidence has accumulated regarding the positive association of their intake with chronic disease. Because microbiota has been considered as a metabolic organ, the bacterial-dependent metabolisms of three types of ACNs from mulberry fruits (cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), cyanidin-3-rutinoside (C3R), delphinidin-3-rutinoside (D3R)) during a simulation of large intestine conditions were investigated. ACNs and metabolites were analysed and characterized by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrum (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704984/the-effect-of-personal-familial-and-environmental-characteristics-on-acne-vulgaris-a-prospective-multicenter-case-controlled-study-from-turkey
#11
Ayşe S Karadağ, İlknur Balta, Hayriye Saricaoğlu, Selim Kiliç, Kıymet H Kelekçi, Mehmet Yildirim, Deniz A Arica, Savaş Öztürk, Göksun Karaman, Aslı A Çerman, Serap G Bilgili, Enver Turan, Mustafa M Demirci, Tuğba K Uzunçakmak, Serdar C Güvenç, Arzu Ataseven, Ayten Ferahbaş, Berna Aksoy, Emine Çölgeçen, Özlem Ekiz, Filiz Topaloğlu Demir, Özlem Bilgiç, Seray Çakmak, Derya Uçmak, Pınar Özuğuz, Yeşim Kaymak Konkuralp, Aylin T Ermertcan, Gonca Gökdemir, Emel Bülbül Başkan, Gökçen Alyamaç, Hatice Şanli
BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study...
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677199/acne
#12
Klaus Degitz, Falk Ochsendorf
Acne is a chronic disease with a high prevalence among adolescents. Key pathogenetic factors (and their clinical correlates) are increased sebum production (seborrhea), follicular hyperkeratosis (comedones), and perifollicular inflammation (papules and pustules). The disease is modulated by a variety of endogenous (androgens, IGF-1, neuroendocrine factors) and exogenous (Propionibacterium acnes, diet, friction, ingredients of medical or cosmetic topical products) triggers. Acne is associated with high morbidity, and even mild manifestations may potentially cause considerable impairment in quality of life...
July 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609760/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-18-year-old-male-army-conscripts-in-a-south-brazilian-city
#13
Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Hiram de Almeida, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Christos C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of acne varies worldwide. Several factors (age, skin color, body fat, diet, and smoking) have been investigated as risk factors. OBJECTIVE: A total of 2,201 18-year-old males living in Pelotas, South Brazil, were evaluated in order to examine the prevalence of acne and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. A dermatologist performed the clinical examination of the face and trunk for identification of acne lesions...
2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513546/edible-plants-and-their-influence-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-acne
#14
REVIEW
Ashley K Clark, Kelly N Haas, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris affects most people at some point in their lives. Due to unclear etiology, likely with multiple factors, targeted and low-risk treatments have yet to be developed. In this review, we explore the multiple causes of acne and how plant-based foods and supplements can control these. The proposed causative factors include insulin resistance, sex hormone imbalances, inflammation and microbial dysbiosis. There is an emerging body of work on the human gut microbiome and how it mediates feedback between the foods we eat and our bodies...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435833/diet-in-acne-vulgaris-open-or-solved-problem
#15
Jakub Morze, Katarzyna Eufemia Przybylowicz, Anna Danielewicz, Małgorzata Obara-Golebiowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326292/acne-located-on-the-trunk-whey-protein-supplementation-is-there-any-association
#16
Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Nazan Emiroglu, Anil Gulsel Bahali, Nahide Onsun
Whey protein is a source of protein that was isolated from milk. Whey proteins are composed of higher levels of essential amino acids. The role of diet in acne etiology has been investigated for several years. It was established that milk and milk products can trigger acneiform lesions, and recent evidence supports the role of whey protein supplements in acne. Herein, we report 6 healthy male adolescent patients developing acne located only to the trunk after the consumption of whey protein supplements for faster bodybuilding...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274349/sex-hormones-and-acne
#17
Qiang Ju, Tao Tao, Tingting Hu, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Safaa Al-Khuzaei, WenChieh Chen
The skin is an endocrine organ with the expression of metabolizing enzymes and hormone receptors for diverse hormones. The sebaceous gland is the main site of hormone biosynthesis, especially for androgens, and acne is the classical androgen-mediated dermatosis. In sebocytes, conversion of 17-hydroxyprogesterone directly to dihydrotestosterone bypassing testosterone has been demonstrated, while type II 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase can inactivate the action of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. The androgen receptor-dependent genomic effect of dihydrotestosterone on sebocytes is confirmed...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223742/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-increases-the-expression-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-sebum-production-in-cultured-sebocytes
#19
Hyojin Kim, Sun Young Moon, Mi Yeung Sohn, Weon Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris has been linked to the Western diet. Hyperglycemic diet increases insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1. Deeper insights into IGF-1-mediated signal pathway are critical importance to understand the impact of Western diet. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of IGF-1 on the expression of inflammatory biomarkers and sebum production in cultured sebocytes. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were performed to measure changes in the expression of inflammatory biomarkers including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), IGF1R, IGFBP2, sterol response element-binding protein (SREBP), and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PI3KCA) after the treatment of cultured sebocytes with 10(-7) M or 10(-5) M IGF-1...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195079/update-on-etiopathogenesis-and-treatment-of-acne
#20
REVIEW
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Insha Latief, Iffat Hassan
Acne, the most common skin disease, is a disorder of pilosebaceous units that affects adolescents mainly and adults occasionally. The pathogenesis is multifactorial. Besides genetic predisposition, other major factors include the action of androgens, pro-inflammatory lipids acting as ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in the sebocytes, toll-like receptor-2 acting on keratinocytes, recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns, cytokines, chemokines, inflammasomes, neuroendocrine regulatory mechanisms, diet and other pro-inflammatory targets implicated in the activation of immune detection and response...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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