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Vestibular exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399681/older-adults-experiences-of-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-dizziness-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Adam W A Geraghty, Lucy Yardley
OBJECTIVE: Factors influencing engagement with self-managed rehabilitation are not well understood, but evidence suggests they may change over time. Despite increasing digitalisation of self-managed interventions, little is known about the role of internet-based interventions in patients' experiences of self-directed rehabilitation. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated individuals' ongoing experiences of internet-guided, self-managed rehabilitation within the context of rehabilitation for dizziness...
April 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391531/efficacy-of-steroid-therapy-based-on-symptomatic-and-functional-improvement-in-patients-with-vestibular-neuritis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Myung Hoon Yoo, Chan Joo Yang, Shin Ae Kim, Marn Joon Park, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of methylprednisolone in vestibular neuritis (VN) by objective and subjective measures. This prospective controlled randomized study was conducted at one tertiary hospital. Twenty-nine VN patients were randomized to either the steroid (n = 15) or the control (n = 14) group. The steroid group received methylprednisolone for 2 weeks, whereas control patients did not; both groups underwent regular vestibular exercises and were prescribed a Ginkgo biloba...
April 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387692/the-role-of-sensory-augmentation-for-people-with-vestibular-deficits-real-time-balance-aid-and-or-rehabilitation-device
#3
K H Sienko, S L Whitney, W J Carender, C Wall
This narrative review highlights findings from the sensory augmentation field for people with vestibular deficits and addresses the outstanding questions that are critical to the translation of this technology into clinical and/or personal use. Prior research has demonstrated that the real-time use of visual, vibrotactile, auditory, and multimodal sensory augmentation technologies can improve balance during static and dynamic stance tasks within a laboratory setting. However, its application in improving gait requires additional investigation, as does its efficacy as a rehabilitation device for people with vestibular deficits...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387688/using-visual-stimuli-to-enhance-gait-control
#4
Christopher K Rhea, Nikita A Kuznetsov
Gait control challenges commonly coincide with vestibular dysfunction and there is a long history in using balance and gait activities to enhance functional mobility in this population. While much has been learned using traditional rehabilitation exercises, there is a new line of research emerging that is using visual stimuli in a very specific way to enhance gait control. For example, avatars can be created in an individualized manner to incorporate specific gait characteristics. The avatar could then be used as a visual stimulus to which the patient can synchronize their own gait cycle...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387557/a-physiological-approach-to-prolonged-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion
#5
John Leddy, John G Baker, Mohammad Nadir Haider, Andrea Hinds, Barry Willer
Management of the athlete with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is challenging because of the nonspecificity of PCS symptoms. Ongoing symptoms reflect prolonged concussion pathophysiology or conditions such as migraine headaches, depression or anxiety, chronic pain, cervical injury, visual dysfunction, vestibular dysfunction, or some combination of these. In this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368883/effect-of-gaze-stabilization-exercises-on-vestibular-function-during-postural-control
#6
Akiyoshi Matsugi, Yusuke Ueta, Kosuke Oku, Kojiro Okuno, Yoshiki Tamaru, Shohei Nomura, Hiroaki Tanaka, Nobuhiko Mori
Gaze-stabilization exercise (GSE) is often conducted in vestibular rehabilitation, but its effect on vestibular function in postural control is not clear. We investigated whether GSE affects vestibular function during static upright standing and vestibulospinal reflex (VSR) in healthy young adults. First, the center of pressure of the total trajectory length (CoP-L) was measured before each GSE task or control (only standing) task (pre), immediately after (post), and 10 min after (post10) in the static standing position on foam rubber with the eyes open or closed (EC)...
May 24, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343555/provoked-vestibulodynia-diagnosis-self-reported-pain-and-presentation-during-gynaecological-examinations
#7
Emma E Dargie, Susan M Chamberlain, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with the diagnosis of provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) through (1) self-reported pain characteristics and (2) Friedrich's criteria (vestibular pain during sexual activity/gynaecological examination). We also identified cases in which incorrect diagnoses were assigned and explored group differences in gynaecological examination presentation and associations with self-reported pain. METHODS: Data were extracted from nine studies conducted in our research laboratory...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277043/use-of-canalith-repositioning-manoeuvres-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-gp-survey
#9
Vincent A van Vugt, Patria M Diaz Nerio, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation (VR) by GPs and to assess reasons for not using these techniques in patients with vertigo. DESIGN: Online survey. SETTING: GPs in the western and central part of the Netherlands. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Of GPs, 1169 were approached to participate in the survey. A sample of 426 GPs filled out the questionnaire (36.4% response rate)...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251319/short-term-effectiveness-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-elderly-patients-with-postural-instability-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Sofía Santos-Pérez, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Andrés Soto-Varela
Balance becomes more precarious with age, and even without pathological disorders, the physiological decline in balance that occurs with age is a factor that also favors falls. So the aim of the present study is to assess the short-term effectiveness of three different methods of vestibular rehabilitation, compared to a control group, in improving balance in elderly patients with postural instability. 139 elderly patients with high risk of falls were included and randomized to one of the following study arms: computer dynamic posturography (CDP) training, optokinetic stimulus, exercises at home, or control group...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#11
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202097/independent-prescriber-physiotherapist-led-balance-clinic-the-southport-and-ormskirk-pathway
#12
L Burrows, T H Lesser, A V Kasbekar, N Roland, M Billing
OBJECTIVE: To report the introduction and impact of non-medical prescribing, initiated to improve patient pathways for those presenting with dizziness and balance disorders. METHODS: The Southport and Ormskirk physiotherapy-led vestibular clinic sees and treats all patients with dizziness and balance disorders referred to the ENT department. Letters are triaged by an audiologist, who also performs an otological examination and hearing test; this is followed by an assessment with the independent prescriber physiotherapist...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#13
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007042/the-value-of-close-monitoring-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy
#14
M Itani, Y Koaik, A Sabri
BACKGROUND: Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a well-established treatment modality for patients with vestibular problems. HYPOTHESIS: Performing vestibular rehabilitation therapy in a closely monitored setting may result in a better outcome than a home exercise programme. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of patients undergoing vestibular rehabilitation therapy between June 2005 and November 2012 in a tertiary university hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000175/adaptation-to-microgravity-deconditioning-and-countermeasures
#15
REVIEW
Kunihiko Tanaka, Naoki Nishimura, Yasuaki Kawai
Humans are generally in standing or sitting positions on Earth during the day. The musculoskeletal system supports these positions and also allows motion. Gravity acting in the longitudinal direction of the body generates a hydrostatic pressure difference and induces footward fluid shift. The vestibular system senses the gravity of the body and reflexively controls the organs. During spaceflight or exposure to microgravity, the load on the musculoskeletal system and hydrostatic pressure difference is diminished...
March 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#16
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857014/-effectiveness-of-self-efficacy-promoting-vestibular-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-vestibular-hypofunction
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hyun Jung Lee, Smi Choi-Kwon
PURPOSE: In this study an examination was done of the effect of self-efficacy promoting vestibular rehabilitation (S-VR) on dizziness, exercise selfefficacy, adherence to vestibular rehabilitation (VR), subjective and objective vestibular function, vestibular compensation and the recurrence of dizziness in patients with vestibular hypofunction. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study. Data were collected 3 times at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks after beginning the intervention...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#18
REVIEW
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703443/a-cross-sectional-survey-and-cross-sectional-clinical-trial-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-management-of-eye-movement-disorders-and-vestibular-dysfunction-in-post-stroke-patients-in-the-sub-acute-phase-protocol
#19
Andoret van Wyk, Carina A Eksteen, Piet J Becker, Barbara M Heinze
INTRODUCTION: Visual impairment, specifically eye movement disorders and vestibular dysfunction may have a negative influence on the functional recovery in post-stroke patients. This type of sensory dysfunction may further be associated with poor functional outcome in patients' post-stroke. METHODS: In phase 1, a cross-sectional survey (n = 100) will be conducted to determine the prevalence of eye movement disorders and vestibular dysfunction in patients who sustained a stroke...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702555/what-adherence-measures-should-be-used-in-trials-of-home-based-rehabilitation-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-the-validity-reliability-and-acceptability-of-measures
#20
REVIEW
Rachael Frost, Sara Levati, Doreen McClurg, Marian Brady, Brian Williams
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review methods for measuring adherence used in home-based rehabilitation trials and to evaluate their validity, reliability, and acceptability. DATA SOURCES: In phase 1 we searched the CENTRAL database, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, and Health Technology Assessment Database (January 2000 to April 2013) to identify adherence measures used in randomized controlled trials of allied health professional home-based rehabilitation interventions...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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