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Vestibular exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720898/balance-training-improves-memory-and-spatial-cognition-in-healthy-adults
#1
Ann-Kathrin Rogge, Brigitte Röder, Astrid Zech, Volker Nagel, Karsten Hollander, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Kirsten Hötting
Physical exercise has been shown to improve cognitive functions. However, it is still unknown which type of exercise affects cognition. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that a demanding balance training program improves memory and spatial cognition. Forty healthy participants aged 19-65 years were randomly assigned to either a balance or relaxation training intervention. Each group exercised twice a week for a total of 12 weeks. Pre- and posttests assessed balance performance, cardiorespiratory fitness, memory, spatial cognition, and executive functions...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716503/effectiveness-of-otolith-repositioning-maneuvers-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises-in-elderly-people-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-systematic-review
#2
Karyna Figueiredo Ribeiro, Bruna S Oliveira, Raysa V Freitas, Lidiane M Ferreira, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo O Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is highly prevalent in elderly people. This condition is related to vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, poor balance, gait disturbance, and an increase in risk of falls, leading to postural changes and quality of life decreasing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes obtained by clinical trials on the effectiveness of Otolith Repositioning Maneuver (ORM) and Vestibular Rehabilitation (VR) exercises in the treatment of BPPV in elderly...
June 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708701/self-reported-concussion-history-and-sensorimotor-tests-predict-head-neck-injuries
#3
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Julia Treleaven, Andrew H Rotstein, Christopher T Sexton, Nancy Low Choy, Paul McCrory
PURPOSE: Sports related concussion (SRC) is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. A history of SRC is a risk factor for future concussions, but the mechanisms underlying this are unknown. Despite evidence that most visible signs and symptoms associated with sports concussion resolve within 7-10 days, it has been proposed that subclinical loss of neuromuscular control and impaired motor functioning may persist and be associated with further injury. Alternatively, indicators of poor sensorimotor performance could be independent risk factors...
July 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483885/internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-older-adults-with-chronic-dizziness-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#4
Adam W A Geraghty, Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Beth Stuart, David Turner, Paul Little, Adolfo Bronstein, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring, Lucy Yardley
PURPOSE: Vestibular rehabilitation is an effective intervention for dizziness due to vestibular dysfunction, but is seldom provided. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of an Internet-based vestibular rehabilitation program for older adults experiencing dizziness in primary care. METHODS: We undertook a single-center, single-blind randomized controlled trial comparing an Internet-based vestibular rehabilitation intervention (Balance Retraining, freely available from https://balance...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399681/older-adults-experiences-of-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-dizziness-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Adam W A Geraghty, Lucy Yardley
OBJECTIVE: Factors influencing engagement with self-managed rehabilitation are not well understood, but evidence suggests they may change over time. Despite increasing digitalisation of self-managed interventions, little is known about the role of internet-based interventions in patients' experiences of self-directed rehabilitation. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated individuals' ongoing experiences of internet-guided, self-managed rehabilitation within the context of rehabilitation for dizziness...
April 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391531/efficacy-of-steroid-therapy-based-on-symptomatic-and-functional-improvement-in-patients-with-vestibular-neuritis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Myung Hoon Yoo, Chan Joo Yang, Shin Ae Kim, Marn Joon Park, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of methylprednisolone in vestibular neuritis (VN) by objective and subjective measures. This prospective controlled randomized study was conducted at one tertiary hospital. Twenty-nine VN patients were randomized to either the steroid (n = 15) or the control (n = 14) group. The steroid group received methylprednisolone for 2 weeks, whereas control patients did not; both groups underwent regular vestibular exercises and were prescribed a Ginkgo biloba...
June 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387692/the-role-of-sensory-augmentation-for-people-with-vestibular-deficits-real-time-balance-aid-and-or-rehabilitation-device
#7
K H Sienko, S L Whitney, W J Carender, C Wall
This narrative review highlights findings from the sensory augmentation field for people with vestibular deficits and addresses the outstanding questions that are critical to the translation of this technology into clinical and/or personal use. Prior research has demonstrated that the real-time use of visual, vibrotactile, auditory, and multimodal sensory augmentation technologies can improve balance during static and dynamic stance tasks within a laboratory setting. However, its application in improving gait requires additional investigation, as does its efficacy as a rehabilitation device for people with vestibular deficits...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387688/using-visual-stimuli-to-enhance-gait-control
#8
Christopher K Rhea, Nikita A Kuznetsov
Gait control challenges commonly coincide with vestibular dysfunction and there is a long history in using balance and gait activities to enhance functional mobility in this population. While much has been learned using traditional rehabilitation exercises, there is a new line of research emerging that is using visual stimuli in a very specific way to enhance gait control. For example, avatars can be created in an individualized manner to incorporate specific gait characteristics. The avatar could then be used as a visual stimulus to which the patient can synchronize their own gait cycle...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387557/a-physiological-approach-to-prolonged-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion
#9
REVIEW
John Leddy, John G Baker, Mohammad Nadir Haider, Andrea Hinds, Barry Willer
Management of the athlete with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is challenging because of the nonspecificity of PCS symptoms. Ongoing symptoms reflect prolonged concussion pathophysiology or conditions such as migraine headaches, depression or anxiety, chronic pain, cervical injury, visual dysfunction, vestibular dysfunction, or some combination of these. In this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368883/effect-of-gaze-stabilization-exercises-on-vestibular-function-during-postural-control
#10
Akiyoshi Matsugi, Yusuke Ueta, Kosuke Oku, Kojiro Okuno, Yoshiki Tamaru, Shohei Nomura, Hiroaki Tanaka, Nobuhiko Mori
Gaze-stabilization exercise (GSE) is often conducted in vestibular rehabilitation, but its effect on vestibular function in postural control is not clear. We investigated whether GSE affects vestibular function during static upright standing and vestibulospinal reflex (VSR) in healthy young adults. First, the center of pressure of the total trajectory length (CoP-L) was measured before each GSE task or control (only standing) task (pre), immediately after (post), and 10 min after (post10) in the static standing position on foam rubber with the eyes open or closed (EC)...
May 24, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343555/provoked-vestibulodynia-diagnosis-self-reported-pain-and-presentation-during-gynaecological-examinations
#11
Emma E Dargie, Susan M Chamberlain, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with the diagnosis of provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) through (1) self-reported pain characteristics and (2) Friedrich's criteria (vestibular pain during sexual activity/gynaecological examination). We also identified cases in which incorrect diagnoses were assigned and explored group differences in gynaecological examination presentation and associations with self-reported pain. METHODS: Data were extracted from nine studies conducted in our research laboratory...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277043/use-of-canalith-repositioning-manoeuvres-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-gp-survey
#13
Vincent A van Vugt, Patria M Diaz Nerio, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation (VR) by GPs and to assess reasons for not using these techniques in patients with vertigo. DESIGN: Online survey. SETTING: GPs in the western and central part of the Netherlands. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Of GPs, 1169 were approached to participate in the survey. A sample of 426 GPs filled out the questionnaire (36.4% response rate)...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251319/short-term-effectiveness-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-elderly-patients-with-postural-instability-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Sofía Santos-Pérez, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Andrés Soto-Varela
Balance becomes more precarious with age, and even without pathological disorders, the physiological decline in balance that occurs with age is a factor that also favors falls. So the aim of the present study is to assess the short-term effectiveness of three different methods of vestibular rehabilitation, compared to a control group, in improving balance in elderly patients with postural instability. 139 elderly patients with high risk of falls were included and randomized to one of the following study arms: computer dynamic posturography (CDP) training, optokinetic stimulus, exercises at home, or control group...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#15
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202097/independent-prescriber-physiotherapist-led-balance-clinic-the-southport-and-ormskirk-pathway
#16
L Burrows, T H Lesser, A V Kasbekar, N Roland, M Billing
OBJECTIVE: To report the introduction and impact of non-medical prescribing, initiated to improve patient pathways for those presenting with dizziness and balance disorders. METHODS: The Southport and Ormskirk physiotherapy-led vestibular clinic sees and treats all patients with dizziness and balance disorders referred to the ENT department. Letters are triaged by an audiologist, who also performs an otological examination and hearing test; this is followed by an assessment with the independent prescriber physiotherapist...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#17
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007042/the-value-of-close-monitoring-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy
#18
M Itani, Y Koaik, A Sabri
BACKGROUND: Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a well-established treatment modality for patients with vestibular problems. HYPOTHESIS: Performing vestibular rehabilitation therapy in a closely monitored setting may result in a better outcome than a home exercise programme. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of patients undergoing vestibular rehabilitation therapy between June 2005 and November 2012 in a tertiary university hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000175/adaptation-to-microgravity-deconditioning-and-countermeasures
#19
REVIEW
Kunihiko Tanaka, Naoki Nishimura, Yasuaki Kawai
Humans are generally in standing or sitting positions on Earth during the day. The musculoskeletal system supports these positions and also allows motion. Gravity acting in the longitudinal direction of the body generates a hydrostatic pressure difference and induces footward fluid shift. The vestibular system senses the gravity of the body and reflexively controls the organs. During spaceflight or exposure to microgravity, the load on the musculoskeletal system and hydrostatic pressure difference is diminished...
March 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#20
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
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