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Vestibular exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596981/the-vestibulomyogenic-balance-response-is-elevated-following-high-intensity-lengthening-contractions-of-the-lower-limb
#1
Emily I McIntosh, Geoffrey A Power, Brian H Dalton
The purpose was to investigate whether induced muscle weakness of the plantar and dorsiflexors through high-intensity lengthening contractions increases the vestibulomyogenic balance response. Nine males (∼25 years) participated in three experimental testing days to evaluate the vestibular control of standing balance and neuromuscular function of the plantar and dorsiflexors pre- and post (30 min, and 1 and 7 days) high-intensity lengthening plantar and dorsiflexions. To evaluate the vestibular-evoked balance response, participants stood quietly on a force plate while exposed to continuous, random electrical vestibular stimulation (EVS) for two 90-s trials...
March 26, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594074/effect-of-early-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-vertigo-and-unsteadiness-in-patients-with-acute-and-sub-acute-head-trauma
#2
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Akram Pourbakht, Eshagh Bahrami, Shohreh Jalaie, Arash Bayat
Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558230/first-report-of-the-efficacy-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-improving-function-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2-an-observational-cohort-study-in-a-clinical-setting
#3
Beatrice Emmanouil, Katherine Browne, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry
PURPOSE: Patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2 often experience debilitating neuro-otological problems which affect their mobility and balance. This study examined the efficacy of a personalised program of vestibular rehabilitation for patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cohort study analysing routinely collected data for 21 patients in a highly specialised Neurofibromatosis type 2 service. Vestibular rehabilitation comprised an initial one-hour assessment followed by a patient-specific exercise program reviewed in person and by email consultations...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513720/functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-during-optic-flow-with-and-without-fixation
#4
Carrie W Hoppes, Patrick J Sparto, Susan L Whitney, Joseph M Furman, Theodore J Huppert
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with visual vertigo describe symptoms of dizziness, disorientation, and/or impaired balance in environments with conflicting visual and vestibular information or complex visual stimuli. Physical therapists often prescribe habituation exercises using optic flow to treat these symptoms, but there are no evidence-based guidelines for delivering optic flow and it is unclear how the brain processes such stimuli. The purposes of this study were to use functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to explore cerebral activation during optic flow, and determine if visual fixation had a modulating effect on brain activity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512476/vestibular-rehabilitation-using-video-gaming-in-adults-with-dizziness-a-pilot-study
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J S Phillips, J Fitzgerald, D Phillis, A Underwood, I Nunney, A Bath
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation using the Wii Fit balance platform, in adults with dizziness. METHODS: A single-site prospective clinical trial was conducted in a university hospital in the UK. Forty patients with dizziness, who would normally be candidates for vestibular rehabilitation, were identified and considered as potential participants. Participants were randomised into either the treatment group (the Wii Fit group) or the control group (standard customised vestibular rehabilitation protocol)...
March 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493628/-functional-assessment-of-patients-with-vertigo-and-dizziness-in-occupational-medicine
#6
Ewa Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Sylwia Szostek-Rogula, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Balance assessment relies on symptoms, clinical examination and functional assessment and their verification in objective tests. Our study was aimed at calculating the assessment compatibility between questionnaires, functional scales and objective vestibular and balance examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 131 patients (including 101 women; mean age: 59±14 years) of the audiology outpatient clinic was examined. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, phobic vertigo and central dizziness were the most common diseases observed in the study group...
February 28, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490554/facial-nerve-outcome-and-extent-of-resection-in-cystic-versus-solid-vestibular-schwannomas-in-radiosurgery-era
#7
Pinar Eser Ocak, Ihsan Dogan, Umut Ocak, Cem Dinc, Mustafa K Başkaya
OBJECTIVE Cystic vestibular schwannomas (CVSs) are a subgroup of vestibular schwannomas (VSs) that are reported to be associated with unpredictable clinical behavior and unfavorable postoperative outcomes. The authors aimed to review their experience with microsurgical treatment of CVSs in terms of extent of resection and postoperative facial nerve (FN) function and compare these outcomes with those of their solid counterparts. METHODS Two hundred-eleven VS patients were treated surgically between 2006 and 2017...
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489960/effect-of-virtual-reality-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Maria Izabel Rodrigues Severiano, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive, Geslaine Janaína Barbosa Santos, Vinícius Ribas Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of balance exercises by means of virtual reality games in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Sixteen patients were submitted to anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological and vestibular examinations, as well as the Dizziness Handicap Inventory, Berg Balance Scale, SF-36 questionnaire, and the SRT, applied before and after rehabilitation with virtual reality games. RESULTS: Final scoring for the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and Berg Balance Scale was better after rehabilitation...
February 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450484/neurological-manifestations-among-us-government-personnel-reporting-directional-audible-and-sensory-phenomena-in-havana-cuba
#9
Randel L Swanson, Stephen Hampton, Judith Green-McKenzie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M Sean Grady, Ragini Verma, Rosette Biester, Diana Duda, Ronald L Wolf, Douglas H Smith
Importance: From late 2016 through August 2017, US government personnel serving on diplomatic assignment in Havana, Cuba, reported neurological symptoms associated with exposure to auditory and sensory phenomena. Objective: To describe the neurological manifestations that followed exposure to an unknown energy source associated with auditory and sensory phenomena. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preliminary results from a retrospective case series of US government personnel in Havana, Cuba...
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414293/physical-activity-and-disability-outcomes-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-2011-2016
#10
REVIEW
Shannon Charron, Kyla A McKay, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity may be neuroprotective in multiple sclerosis (MS). One review (2011) of exercise and MS disability was inconclusive, but highlighted the need for more studies. OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated systematic literature review examining the relationship between physical activity and physical ability outcomes in persons with MS. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for original interventional studies (2011-2016) evaluating exercise on quantitative outcomes of physical disability in MS...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400686/prehab-vs-rehab-presurgical-treatment-in-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-enhances-recovery-of-postural-control-better-than-postoperative-rehabilitation-retrospective-case-series
#11
Fredrik Tjernström, Per-Anders Fransson, Babar Kahlon, Mikael Karlberg, Sven Lindberg, Peter Siesjö, Måns Magnusson
OBJECT: To evaluate post-surgical postural stability when treating patients with remaining vestibular function with intratympanic gentamicin (PREHAB) prior to schwannoma surgery. METHOD: 44 consecutive patients with some form remaining vestibular function scheduled for vestibular schwannoma surgery. 20 were medically deafferented with intratympanic gentamicin before surgery and 24 were not. Both groups were of the same age, had the same tumor size, same type of surgery, and same perioperative sensory rehabilitation (training exercises), and no surgical complications...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386274/efficacy-of-balance-and-eye-movement-exercises-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-beems
#12
Jeffrey R Hebert, John R Corboy, Timothy Vollmer, Jeri E Forster, Margaret Schenkman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a multifaceted vestibular-related rehabilitation program (Balance and Eye-Movement Exercises for Persons with Multiple Sclerosis; BEEMS) improves balance in persons with MS and whether there are differences in outcomes based on brainstem/cerebellar lesion involvement. METHODS: A 2-arm, examiner-blinded, stratified (involvement vs no involvement of brainstem/cerebellar structures), randomized controlled trial was implemented. Eighty-eight participants were allocated to BEEMS or no treatment control...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309020/quantification-of-head-acceleration-during-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises
#13
Anne E Hogan, Jonathan H Spindel, Lincoln C Gray
PURPOSE: Vestibular rehabilitation exercises have been proven to reduce symptoms and diminish the risk of falls in those with dizziness and balance impairments. The first purpose of this study is to investigate a new method of measuring head movements during habituation vestibular rehabilitation exercises. The second is to explore the relationship between head acceleration measurements during select traditional vestibular rehabilitation exercises and the variables of age, dizziness, and poor balance confidence...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307157/the-effect-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy-program-on-sensory-organization-of-deaf-children-with-bilateral-vestibular-dysfunction
#14
Amir Abbas Ebrahimi, Ali Ashraf Jamshidi, Guita Movallali, Mehdi Rahgozar, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of vestibular rehabilitation therapy program on the sensory organization of deaf children with bilateral vestibular dysfunction. This cross-sectional and analytic study was conducted on 24 students between the age of 7 and 12 years (6 girls and 18 boys) with the profound sensorineural hearing loss (PTA>90 dB). They were assessed through the balance subtest in Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOTMP). For children which the total score of the balance subtest was 3 standard deviation lower than their peers with typical development, vestibular function testing was completed pre-intervention...
November 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238670/specific-organ-targeted-vestibular-physiotherapy-the-pivot-in-the-contemporary-management-of-vertigo-and-imbalance
#15
EDITORIAL
Anirban Biswas, Bibhas Barui
Introduction: Advancements in our understanding of vestibular physiology and how it is changes in different diseases have established that of the three therapeutic approaches to treat disorders of the vestibular system viz. pharmacotherapy, surgery and physical therapy, it is the later i.e., physical therapy which is the most efficacious modality in the management of balance disorders. The futility of vestibular sedatives in the correction of vestibular disorders and in the restoration of balance and the very limited role of surgery has now been recognised...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157025/non-pharmacological-rehabilitation-interventions-for-concussion-in-children-a-scoping-review
#16
Danielle M Dobney, Matthew B Miller, Emily Tufts
PURPOSE: To summarise the extent, nature, and quality of current scholarly literature related to non-pharmacological, rehabilitation interventions following concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury in children. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted from 1987 to 24 October 2017. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) full text, peer reviewed, and written in English, (2) original research, (3) diagnosed concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, (4) described the evaluation of an intervention, (5) the outcome was a concussion impairment, and (6) the mean/median age was under 19...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146032/clinical-signs-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-encephalitozoon-cuniculi-infection-in-rabbits
#17
REVIEW
Frank Künzel, Peter G Fisher
Central vestibular dysfunction caused by Encephalitozoon cuniculi frequently mimics the condition of a peripheral disorder. A negative antibody titer rules out E cuniculi as the cause of present clinical signs. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis including polymerase chain reaction is considered an inappropriate diagnostic method for in vivo diagnosis of encephalitozoonosis. The usefulness of glucocorticoid anti-inflammatories in the treatment of encephalitozoonosis is called into question. Encouraging activity early in the course of disease and adding in therapeutic exercise may represent the most important part of therapy in rabbits with vestibular dysfunction associated with encephalitozoonosis...
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020061/catching-up-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-compared-to-healthy-children-before-and-after-sensorimotor-therapy
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mats Niklasson, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen
The aims of the present study were to (a) compare healthy children in terms of sensorimotor maturity to untreated children diagnosed with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (b) compare healthy children to diagnosed children following completed treatment with sensorimotor therapy. Participants were 298 children, 196 boys and 102 girls, distributed into a Norm group of healthy children (n = 99) and a group of children diagnosed with DCD (n = 199) with a total mean age of 8.77 years (SD = 2.88). Participants in both groups were assessed on instruments aimed to detect sensorimotor deviations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018011/balance-versus-hearing-after-cochlear-implant-in-an-adult
#19
Oz Zur, Hadas Ben-Rubi Shimron, Gerry Leisman, Eli Carmeli
The effect of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) on anxiety, dizziness and poor balance that developed after cochlear implant (CI) surgery is described. A 54-year-old woman, with profound hearing loss since the age of 2 years, underwent right CI surgery 2 years previously. On implant activation, the patient immediately felt dizziness and imbalance, which affected the ability to perform activities of daily living and increased anxiety to where the patient considered the CI removal. Prior to VR the patient was evaluated with the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the Visual Vertigo Dizziness Questionnaire and clinically with the Zur Balance Scale and Video Head Impulse Test...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990633/a-tailor-made-exercise-program-for-improving-balance-and-mobility-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Thomas Ka-Wai Ng, Rachel Lai Chu Kwan, Sing Kai Lo, Gladys Lai-Ying Cheing
Effectiveness of an exercise program designed for improving postural control and mobility in older adults with type 2 diabetes was investigated. Ninety-three adults 65 or older diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and able to walk unaided were recruited. The intervention group received exercise training focused on ankle strengthening and mobility twice per week for 10 weeks. The control group did not participate in any exercise program. After 10 weeks, the intervention group showed significantly greater improvement in the mean Sensory Organization Test composite score (4...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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