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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919596/chimeric-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-complex-cranio-orbito-facial-defects-after-skull-base-cancers-resection
#1
Mario Cherubino, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Marco Giudice, Igor Pellegatta, Federico Tamborini, Francesca Maggiulli, Luca Guzzetti, Danilo Di Giovanna, Maurizio Bignami, Carolina Calati, Paolo Castelnuovo, Luigi Valdatta
Complex cranio-orbito-facial defects after skull base cancers resection entail a functional and esthetic reconstruction. The introduction of endoscopic assisted techniques for excision surgery with the advances in reconstructive surgery and anesthesiology allowed to improve the management of such critical patients. We report a series of chimeric anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps used to reconstruct complex cranio-orbital-facial defects after skull base surgery. A retrospective review of patients that underwent cranio-orbito-facial reconstruction using a chimeric ALT flap from March 2013 to October 2015 at a single tertiary care referral Institute was performed...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918233/patient-satisfaction-after-auditory-implant-surgery-ten-year-experience-from-a-single-implanting-unit-center
#2
Simonetta Monini, Alessandra Bianchi, Rita Talamonti, Francesca Atturo, Chiara Filippi, Maurizio Barbara
CONCLUSIONS: The satisfaction rate of the subjects with an auditory implant appears strictly related to the resulting auditory improvement, and the surgical variables would play a prevailing role in respect to the esthetic factors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of satisfaction in subjects who underwent the surgical application of an auditory device at a single Implanting Center Unit. METHOD: A series of validated questionnaires has been administered to subjects who underwent the surgical application of different auditory devices...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909818/presto-lift-a-facelift-that-preserves-the-retaining-ligaments-and-smas-tethering
#3
Wolfgang Funk
BACKGROUND: Producing youthful facial appearance by face-lifting often comes along with an undesired loss of patient's individual phenotype. This may result from insufficient preservation of retaining ligaments, the "guardians of facial identify," and from severance of the intersegmental connections of the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS), which tether, structure, and compartmentalize facial soft tissue into defined, relevant anatomical zones. METHODS: The technique reported here preserves most retaining ligaments...
December 2, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901230/esthetic-perception-of-orthodontic-appliances-by-brazilian-children-and-adolescents
#4
Deise Caldas Kuhlman, Tatiana Araújo de Lima, Candice Belchior Duplat, Jonas Capelli
Objective: The objective of this present study was to understand how children and adolescents perceive esthetic attractiveness of a variety of orthodontic appliances. It also analyzed preferences according to patients' age, sex and socioeconomic status. Methods: A photograph album consisting of eight photographs of different orthodontic appliances and clear tray aligners placed in a consenting adult with pleasing smile was used. A sample of children or adolescents aged between 8 and 17 years old (n = 276) was asked to rate each image for its attractiveness on a visual analog scale...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901229/color-changes-of-esthetic-orthodontic-ligatures-evaluated-by-orthodontists-and-patients-a-clinical-study
#5
Edilene Kawabata, Vera Lucia Dantas, Carlos Brito Kato, David Normando
Objective: To evaluate in vivo changes in the color of esthetic elastomeric ligatures from different manufacturers. Methods: Four widely used commercial brands of elastomeric ligatures were selected and used in 20 adult patients in a split-mouth design. The ligatures were evaluated by orthodontists and patients in a double-blind manner on the day the ligatures were placed (T0) and 30 days after intraoral exposure (T1) by means of a system of staining scores. Groups were compared by Friedman test with p < 0...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899889/anodal-tdcs-to-right-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-facilitates-performance-for-novice-jazz-improvisers-but-hinders-experts
#6
David S Rosen, Brian Erickson, Youngmoo E Kim, Daniel Mirman, Roy H Hamilton, John Kounios
Research on creative cognition reveals a fundamental disagreement about the nature of creative thought, specifically, whether it is primarily based on automatic, associative (Type-1) or executive, controlled (Type-2) processes. We hypothesized that Type-1 and Type-2 processes make differential contributions to creative production that depend on domain expertise. We tested this hypothesis with jazz pianists whose expertise was indexed by the number of public performances given. Previous fMRI studies of musical improvisation have reported that domain expertise is characterized by deactivation of the right-dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (r-DLPFC), a brain area associated with Type-2 executive processing...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898165/sinus-augmentation-and-simultaneous-implant-placement-success-pilot-study-2008-2011
#7
Melissa Tormos, Jose Morales, Natalia Guevara, Augusto R Elías, Lydia López, Omar García
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe implant success in the posterior maxillary when a sinus augmentation procedure was performed simultaneously with implant placement and then compare differences in success when sinus augmentation was delayed in patients attending the maxillofacial surgery clinic of the University of Puerto Rico, 2008 through 2011. 2) To determine sociodemographic characteristics, ASA classification, graft material, and final restoration and, using a questionnaire, determine as well patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895651/invertebrate-biosecurity-challenges-in-high-productivity-grassland-the-new-zealand-example
#8
REVIEW
Stephen L Goldson, Barbara I P Barratt, Karen F Armstrong
To protect productive grasslands from pests and diseases, effective pre- and at-border planning and interventions are necessary. Biosecurity failure inevitably requires expensive and difficult eradication, or long-term and often quite ineffective management strategies. This is compared to the early intervention more likely for sectors where there is public and political interest in plants of immediate economic and/or social value, and where associated pests are typically located above-ground on host plantings of relatively limited distribution...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894526/simplifying-optimal-tooth-size-calculations-and-communications-between-practitioners
#9
Daniel S German, Stephen J Chu, Michelle L Furlong, Alpesh Patel
The purpose of this article is to present a simple method for determining the optimal sizes of anterior teeth. This is needed because of the frequency of anomalous and missing maxillary lateral incisors. In addition to anomalous and missing incisors, other factors that create challenges for the dentist and orthodontist when designing an esthetic and occlusally sound dentition are attrition, trauma, transposition, erosion, and caries. Optimal esthetics and occlusion require correctly sized teeth in proportion to themselves and the other teeth...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894524/defining-the-location-of-the-dental-midline-is-critical-for-oral-esthetics-in-camouflage-orthodontic-treatment-of-facial-asymmetry
#10
Risako Kai, Daisuke Umeki, Toshiko Sekiya, Yoshiki Nakamura
When considering camouflage orthodontic treatment of a malocclusion associated with significant facial asymmetry, it is important to define the location of the dental midline. The patient, a 19-year-old Japanese woman, had an anterior open bite and a dental midline discrepancy associated with facial asymmetry. A nonsurgical treatment plan was considered. The main treatment objective was to correct the anterior open bite and the dental midlines in both arches. The dental midline discrepancy was eliminated, and proper overjet and overbite were achieved...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893562/clinical-evaluation-of-zygomatic-implant-supported-fixed-and-removable-prosthesis
#11
Belir Atalay, Özge Doğanay, Banu Karayazgan Saraçoğlu, Özgür Bultan, Günter Hafiz
The aim of our study was to present success and complication rates of 32 zygomatic implants (ZI) and compare satisfaction of patients rehabilitated with ZI supported hybrid prosthesis in atrophic jaws and removable prosthesis in maxillary defects. Sixteen patients who have been diagnosed as atrophic maxilla or maxillary defect were treated with ZI supported hybrid or removable prosthesis between 2008 and 2016 years, respectively. Thirty-two of 70 implants were placed in the zygomatic bone. Two prosthetic groups were compared 1 month after prosthesis delivery in terms of general satisfaction, stability, performance, esthetics, phonetics, hygiene level based on visual analog scale...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892837/conservative-anterior-partial-coverage-cad-cam-restoration
#12
J T May
Computer-aided design and manufacturing technology enables practitioners to create, in a single appointment, indirect restorations that are esthetic and functionally unique to the patient's situation. The popular effort to perform minimally invasive dentistry using digital techniques with chairside milling can lead dentists to novel individualized restorative treatment. This article demonstrates a conservative anterior partial coverage restoration, utilizing both digital technology and chairside ceramic characterization to achieve an optimal esthetic outcome while preserving healthy tooth structure...
November 28, 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891456/effect-of-salivary-ph-on-color-stability-of-different-flowable-composites-a-prospective-in-vitro-study
#13
Renu Batra, Pratik Kataria, Sonali Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: Scientifically and clinically there has been lot of development in the field of aesthetic dentistry. However, there is limited or restricted information regarding the color stability of flowable composite materials. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the spectrophotometric color stability of three different flowable composite materials with respect to three different pH of saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 90 different samples...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891319/hyaluronic-acid-hope-of-light-to-black-triangles
#14
Jyotsana Tanwar, Shital A Hungund
Interdental papilla construction, especially in the esthetic area, is one of the most challenging tasks. Interdental papilla loss might occur due to several reasons as a consequence of periodontal surgery or trauma. The purpose of this study is to report the reconstruction of lost interdental papilla using hyaluronic acid gel. Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan molecule with anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous properties on periodontal tissues invaded by submicrobial flora. It enhances wound healing and accelerates periodontal repair and regeneration...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890230/soft-tissue-engineering
#15
REVIEW
Roderick Youngdo Kim, Sam Seoho Bae, Stephen Elliott Feinberg
There is a recognized need to reconstruct and restore complex craniomaxillofacial soft tissues. The objective of this article is to focus on the role that tissue engineering/regenerative medicine can play in addressing various barriers (vascularity, tissue bulk, volitional control, and esthetics) and impediments (timing, regional applicability/dissemination, and regulation by the US Food and Drug Administration) to optimal tissue reconstruction of complex soft tissue structures. We will use the lips as an example to illustrate our points...
February 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890217/-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-with-volar-locking-plates-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-review
#16
P Liverneaux, S Ichihara, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Diaz
Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been used in recent years to treat fractures of the distal radius with volar locking plates. Its advantages are the preservation of the pronator quadratus and good esthetics. The MIPO technique was described originally with two incisions: one distal transverse or longitudinal incision and one proximal longitudinal incision. The trend is now to use a single longitudinal incision less than 20mm long. Functional and radiological outcomes are comparable to those of conventional techniques...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888096/development-validation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-orofacial-esthetic-scale-oes-ar
#17
Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Abdullah Ghalib Amran, Esam Halboub, Abdulghani Ali Al-Basmi, Fawaz Abdullah Al-Ghabri
PURPOSE: This study aimed at developing the Arabic version of the Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES-Ar) and to investigate its psychometric properties among Arabic-speaking population with and without esthetic impairments. METHODS: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation was done according to the standard guidelines. Internal consistency was assessed on 230 participants. For test-retest reliability, 50 subjects with natural teeth were recalled within a period of 2 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887909/modified-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-in-distal-hypospadias-repair-stepwise-technique-with-validated-functional-and-cosmetic-outcome
#18
A-F Spinoit, A Radford, J Ashraf, M Gopal, R Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: To describe modification of the tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIP) for distal hypospadias, and assess its efficacy, and functional and cosmetic outcomes. METHODS: A prospective evaluation of a consecutive series of patients operated for primary distal hypospadias was conducted at a tertiary reference center. A standardized modification of the TIP (mTIP) procedure was performed on a 10 French catheter. Clinical data were collected in a dedicated database...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886000/evaluation-of-corrosion-resistance-and-surface-characteristics-of-orthodontic-wires-immersed-in-different-mouthwashes
#19
Didem Nalbantgil, Feyza Ulkur, Gulfeza Kardas, Mustafa Culha
BACKGROUND: Patients use mouthwashes in addition to mechanical cleaning during orthodontic treatment. The effects of mouthwashes on the archwires have not been examined yet. OBJECTIVE: To compare the corrosion resistance of four different arch wires and corrosion effects of different mouthwashes to formulate a biocompatible and mechanically useful arch wire and mouthwash combination. METHODS: Each group comprised of 4 wire samples of 2 cm 0...
November 25, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885713/a-new-tool-to-quantify-the-geometrical-characteristics-of-facial-skin-pores-changes-with-age-and-a-making-up-procedure-in-caucasian-women
#20
A Shaiek, F Flament, G François, V Lefebvre-Descamps, C Barla, M Vicic, F Giron, R Bazin
BACKGROUND: Facial skin pores (FSP) are common and benign signs that generate frequent esthetic concerns or complaints. Despite their worldwide prevalence, related literature remains scarce. Hence, a new device has been developed and applied to validating studies, aiming at best describing FSP as they are self-perceived, i.e. their anatomic features, their possible alterations with age and their appearance after application of a make-up product. METHODS: Dermascore+(®) is an imaging device dedicated to a direct observation and acquisition of various characteristics of the skin surface...
November 25, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
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