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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689129/attitudes-towards-and-knowledge-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-among-italian-nurses-an-observational-study
#1
Carlo Della Pelle, Francesca Cerratti, Pamela Di Giovanni, Francesco Cipollone, Giancarlo Cicolini
PURPOSE: To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form. FINDINGS: Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687472/conscience-claims-metaphysics-and-avoiding-an-lgbt-eugenic
#2
Abram Brummett
Novel assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are poised to present our society with strange new ethical questions, such as whether lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) couples should be allowed to produce children biologically related to both parents, or whether trans-women who want to experience childbirth should be allowed to receive uterine transplants. Clinicians opposed to offering such technologies to LGBT couples on moral grounds are likely to seek legal shelter through the conscience clauses enshrined in U...
April 23, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659418/enhancing-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-cultural-competence-in-a-midwestern-primary-care-clinic-setting
#3
Denise R Felsenstein
The process of initiating lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competencies and educational interventions developed to increase staff knowledge on LGBT culture and health issues is discussed, including a computer-based module and panel discussion. The module intervention showed a statistically significant increase (p = .033) of staff LGBT knowledge from pretest to posttest scores. An evaluation after the panel discussion showed that 72% of staff indicated they were more prepared for LGBT patient care...
April 13, 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658846/tobacco-free-policies-and-tobacco-cessation-systems-at-health-centers-serving-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-clients
#4
Joseph G L Lee, Megan E DeMarco, Matthew R Beymer, Chelsea L Shover, Robert K Bolan
PURPOSE: LGBT populations have high rates of tobacco use. Health centers serving LGBT clients are an important source of care. The researchers aimed to assess the implementation of recommended systems-level tobacco cessation interventions at these health centers. METHODS: Using systematic searching, directories, and expert review, we identified health centers serving LGBT clients that provide primary care. We conducted phone-based, semi-structured interviews with administrators (n = 11) between September 2016 and March 2017 regarding implementation of the Clinical Practice Guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update (the Guideline)...
April 16, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642460/turning-the-co-production-corner-methodological-reflections-from-an-action-research-project-to-promote-lgbt-inclusion-in-care-homes-for-older-people
#5
Paul Willis, Kathryn Almack, Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Paul Simpson, Barbara Billings, Naresh Mall
Background : Older lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) residents are often invisible in long-term care settings. This article presents findings from a community-based action research project, which attempted to address this invisibility through co-produced research with LGBT community members. Particular Question: What conditions enable co-produced research to emerge in long-term residential care settings for older people? Aims of Project: To analyse outcomes and challenges of action-oriented, co-produced research in the given context...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611778/before-and-after-i-do-marriage-processes-for-mid-life-gay-and-lesbian-married-couples
#6
Emma R Bosley-Smith, Corinne Reczek
This qualitative study examines how mid-life gay and lesbian married individuals articulate their decision to marry. Using 2013 data from 30 mid-life couples in Massachusetts, this study challenges previous literature that conceptualized marriage as entirely positive or negative for same-sex individuals. Mid-life individuals' unique social and historical context influence their experiences of marriage, as mid-life individuals have witnessed the rise and feasibility of marriage equality, have formed relationships outside of the bounds of marriage, and have been in committed relationships long before they married...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601292/treatment-experiences-among-lgbt-veterans-with-discrimination-based-trauma-exposure-a-pilot-study
#7
Jillian C Shipherd, Mollie A Ruben, Nicholas A Livingston, Andrew Curreri, Avy A Skolnik
Past research suggests that rates of trauma exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are elevated among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) veterans compared to heterosexual and cisgender veterans. Given higher rates of trauma exposure and PTSD, and the culture associated with the Department of Defense's history of policies excluding LGBT people, it is important to understand if LGBT veterans are seeking PTSD treatment following discrimination-based traumatic events, where they seek care, and if they are satisfied with treatment...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589481/exploring-the-potential-of-participatory-theatre-to-reduce-stigma-and-promote-health-equity-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-people-in-swaziland-and-lesotho
#8
Carmen H Logie, Lisa V Dias, Jesse Jenkinson, Peter A Newman, Rachel K MacKenzie, Tampose Mothopeng, Veli Madau, Amelia Ranotsi, Winnie Nhlengethwa, Stefan D Baral
Stigma and discrimination affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people compromise health and human rights and exacerbate the HIV epidemic. Scant research has explored effective LGBT stigma reduction strategies in low- and middle-income countries. We developed and pilot-tested a participatory theatre intervention (PTI) to reduce LGBT stigma in Swaziland and Lesotho, countries with the world's highest HIV prevalence. We collected preliminary data from in-depth interviews with LGBT people in Lesotho and Swaziland to enhance understanding of LGBT stigma...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581304/identifying-psychological-responses-of-stigmatized-groups-to-referendums
#9
Andrew R Flores, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Gary J Gates
Public votes and referendums on the rights of marginalized communities are utilized in 27 states and occur with some regularity. However, research has only recently begun to examine the psychological consequences of these voter referendums for members of stigmatized groups, and a number of important questions remain regarding the internal validity and generalizability of the existing evidence. The current study advances this literature by combining survey data from a large probability-based sample conducted in 2012 [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or transgender (LGBT) n = 939; non-LGBT n = 31,067] with media market ad-buy data in states where marriage equality was on the ballot...
March 26, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565622/affirmative-lgbt-psychotherapy-outcomes-of-a-therapist-training-protocol
#10
Christopher A Pepping, Anthony Lyons, Eric M J Morris
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people seek psychotherapy at high rates, and the importance of providing culturally appropriate and LGBT-affirmative psychotherapy has been widely acknowledged. Despite this, remarkably little research has investigated the effects of therapist training in LGBT-affirmative psychotherapy. Here we examined the effectiveness of a training protocol for LGBT-affirmative psychotherapy with 96 mental health professionals, ranging in therapeutic experience from <1 year to 37 years (M = 6...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553004/supporting-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-inclusivity-in-long-term-care-homes-a-canadian-perspective
#11
Tamara Sussman, Shari Brotman, Heather MacIntosh, Line Chamberland, Judith MacDonnell, Andrea Daley, Jean Dumas, Molly Churchill
It is critical to ensure that long-term care (LTC) homes are sensitive to the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. However, the extent to which the LTC home sector has adopted recommended strategies is unknown. This qualitative study reports findings from two initiatives: Semi-structured telephone interviews with Canadian LTC home administrators on strategies adopted to support LGBT inclusivity (n = 32), and discussions with participants attending a 2-day meeting on supporting LGBT inclusivity in LTC (n = 25)...
March 19, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546337/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-view-it-differently-than-non-lgbt-exposure-to-tobacco-related-couponing-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-anti-tobacco-messages-on-social-and-traditional-media
#12
Kristen Emory, Francisco O Buchting, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa Vera, Sherry L Emery
Background: LGBT populations use tobacco at disparately higher rates nationwide, compared to national averages. The tobacco industry has a history targeting LGBT with marketing efforts, likely contributing to this disparity. This study explores whether exposure to tobacco content on traditional and social media is associated with tobacco use among LGBT and non-LGBT. Methods: This study reports results from LGBT (N=1,092) and non-LGBT (N=16,430) respondents to a 2013 nationally representative cross-sectional online survey of US adults (N=17,522)...
March 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546228/multiple-minority-stress-and-lgbt-community-resilience-among-sexual-minority-men
#13
Elizabeth A McConnell, Patrick Janulis, Gregory Phillips, Roky Truong, Michelle Birkett
Minority stress theory has widespread research support in explaining health disparities experienced by sexual and gender minorities. However, less is known about how minority stress impacts multiply marginalized groups, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people of color (LGBT POC). Also, although research has documented resilience in the face of minority stress at the individual level, research is needed that examines macro-level processes such as community resilience (Meyer, 2015). In the current study, we integrate minority stress theory and intersectionality theory to examine multiple minority stress (i...
March 2018: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543581/indifference-to-the-difference-older-lesbian-and-gay-men-s-perceptions-of-aging-services
#14
Jennifer S Dunkle
This qualitative study examined: 1) What older lesbians and gay men know about OAA-funded services; 2) attitudes towards the services; 3) experiences utilizing the services; 4) how current needs are met; and 5) plans for care as they age. Focus groups were conducted from June-August 2016. Purposive and snowball sampling yielded a sample size of 31. Five focus groups were conducted, and analysis used Grounded Theory. Four themes emerged: 1) low expectations of a welcoming environment, 2) the importance of being out, 3) need for LGBT-specific services, and 4) how to create inclusive services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523484/patterns-of-injecting-and-non-injecting-drug-use-by-sexual-behaviour-in-people-who-inject-drugs-attending-services-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland-2013-2016
#15
Ellen Heinsbroek, Rachel Glass, Claire Edmundson, Vivian Hope, Monica Desai
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of drug use have been reported in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities, some of which can be explained by sexualised drug use, including 'chemsex'; the use of drugs before or during planned sexual activity to sustain, enhance, disinhibit or facilitate sex. We explored injecting and non-injecting drug use by sexual behaviour among people who inject drugs (PWID) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. METHODS: Data were used from an unlinked-anonymous survey of PWID (2013-2016), where participants recruited through services self-completed a questionnaire...
March 6, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521575/knowledge-beliefs-and-communication-behavior-of-oncology-health-care-providers-hcps-regarding-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-patient-health-care
#16
Smita C Banerjee, Chasity B Walters, Jessica M Staley, Koshy Alexander, Patricia A Parker
Delivery of culturally competent care toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients depends on how health-care providers (HCPs) communicate with them; however, research about knowledge, attitude, and behavior of HCPs toward LGBT patients is scant. The objectives of our study were to describe oncology HCPs' knowledge and examine if beliefs about LGB and transgender patients mediate the effects of LGBT health-care knowledge on open communication behaviors with LGB and transgender patients, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494792/internalized-sexual-stigma-in-italian-lesbians-and-gay-men-the-roles-of-outness-connectedness-to-the-lgbt-community-and-relationship-satisfaction
#17
Massimiliano Sommantico, Barbara De Rosa, Santa Parrello
The authors examined the extent to which outness, connectedness to the LGBT community, and relationship satisfaction could be used to predict internalized sexual stigma scores. A total of 279 Italian lesbians (47%) and gay men (53%) in a same-sex relationship for at least six months completed the web-based survey. Significant correlations were found between outness, connectedness, relationship satisfaction, and internalized stigma. Analyses of variance were conducted on demographic variables to explore group differences...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494447/lgbt-older-adults-and-nurse-administrators-an-opportunity-for-advocacy
#18
Marleen Thornton
One of the greatest health care challenges of the 21st century is the rapidly growing number of older adults in the United States. This aging population is also becoming increasingly diverse, and with this diversity comes an increased number of older adults who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT). The needs and health outcomes of this specific subgroup of the older adult population cannot be extrapolated from the more general population of older adults. Nurses have the opportunity to lead health care providers in improving care for this vulnerable and sometimes invisible population...
April 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455719/community-engagement-and-venue-based-sampling-in-adolescent-male-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-research
#19
Mary A Ott, Julianne Campbell, Teresa M Imburgia, Ziyi Yang, Wanzhu Tu, Colette L Auerswald
OBJECTIVES: Middle adolescent males are a difficult group to recruit for community sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention research. We describe a process of community engagement, and venue-based sampling of 14-17-year-old adolescent males, and compare rates of STIs and STI risk behaviors by venue. METHODS: Community engagement consisted of (1) informational meetings with organizations; (2) participation in community meetings and events; (3) hiring community members as study personnel; and (4) an adolescent advisory board recruited from the community...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411998/understanding-and-reducing-sexual-prejudice-in-jamaica-theoretical-and-practical-insights-from-a-severely-anti-gay-society
#20
Keon West
Jamaica has earned an international reputation for severe sexual prejudice-perhaps disproportionately so compared to other severely anti-LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) societies. Until recently, however, no quantitative empirical research had investigated Jamaica's sexual prejudice, leaving the prejudice poorly understood and methods of reducing it unclear. This article reviews empirical research on Jamaican anti-LGBT prejudice from the past 15 years. It situates Jamaica within the global context, explains the current understanding of the severity and nature of the problem, evaluates solutions currently being explored, and suggests promising strategies based on available evidence...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
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