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lesbian, gay, LGBT

Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Sarah Jen, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen
Cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias are important health concerns for older adults. As a marginalized and growing segment of the older adult population, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults face distinct risk factors related to cognitive impairment and dementias, including social isolation, discrimination, barriers to health care access, limited availability of and support for caregivers, and higher rates of certain chronic illnesses. We examine cognitive impairment and dementias among LGBT older adults, describe their unique risk factors, and outline key competencies for health care and human service providers to ensure culturally relevant care for LGBT older adults experiencing cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, or other dementias, as well as their caregivers, families, and communities...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Sarah C Boyle, Joseph W LaBrie, Lauren D Costine, Yong D Witkovic
Sexual minority stress experiences (e.g. prejudice, victimization, etc.) and peer substance use norms (e.g. peers' frequency of use and quantity consumed) are important correlates of alcohol and drug use in sexual minority populations. The current study incorporates both of these by examining LGB individuals' perceptions of peers' use of alcohol and other drugs to cope with a sexual minority stressor, and whether perceptions of peer coping norms relate to one's own coping-motivated substance use in response to the stressor...
October 5, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Elizabeth A McConnell, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at greater risk for mental health problems than their heterosexual peers, in part due to victimization. Social support, particularly from families, has been identified as an important promotive factor. However, little is known about how LGBT youth experience multiple forms of support or how early support predicts mental health across adolescence and into young adulthood. METHODS: In an analytic sample of 232 LGBT youth aged 16-20 years at baseline across 5...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
David A Fessler, Grace C Huang, Jennifer Potter, Joseph J Baker, Howard Libman
BACKGROUND: Declining mortality has led to a rising number of persons living with HIV (PLWH) and concerns about a future shortage of HIV practitioners. AIM: To develop an HIV Primary Care Track for internal medicine residents. SETTING: Academic hospital and community health center with a history of caring for PLWH and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We enrolled four residents annually in a 3-year track with the goal of having each provide continuity care to at least 20 PLWH...
October 4, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Elaine Bennett, Karen Berry, Theophilus I Emeto, Oliver K Burmeister, Jeanine Young, Linda Shields
AIM: to examine the attitudes to and knowledge and beliefs about homosexuality, of nurses and allied professionals in two early parenting services in Australia. BACKGROUND: Early parenting services employ nurses and allied professionals. Access and inclusion policies are important in community health and early childhood service settings. However, little is known about the perceptions of professionals who work within early parenting services in relation to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Charles A Walker, Harriet Cohen, David Jenkins
Despite sensationalized media attention, transgender individuals are the most marginalized and misunderstood group in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. The current article presents a case study of one woman's quest for identity. Narrative inquiry was used to analyze data from interview transcripts and four themes emerged during analysis: (a) naming the ambiguity, (b) revealing-concealing the authentic self, (c) discovering the transgender community, and (d) embracing the "T" identity...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
İpek Göçmen, Volkan Yılmaz
This paper explores the discrimination practices encountered by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in education, income, employment and health care in Turkey. Limited quantitative data on LGBT individuals are available in Turkey. This study collected data from 2,875 LGBT individuals through a web-based survey. The findings suggest that LGBT individuals report perceived direct and indirect discrimination in accessing education, employment and health care. In a country where LGBT rights are not yet recognized and anti-discrimination legislation covering sexual orientation and gender identity is still non-existent, findings demonstrate perceived discrimination of LGBTs rarely turns into a legal complaint...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Keon West
Jamaica has developed an international reputation for severe anti-gay prejudice. However, in the past few years, between 2012 and 2015, intensified waves of activism have increased the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Jamaicans, and supported their social and legal inclusion in Jamaican society. This research investigated the effects of that activism by taking advantage of two large, representative surveys of Jamaicans' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: one in 2012 and one in 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Gerardo G Jovet-Toledo, Carmen M Vélez-Vega, Edgardo J Ortiz-Sánchez, Edda I Santiago-Rodríguez, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina, Sheilla L Rodríguez Madera, José J Mulinelli-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the experiences of discrimination among and the perceived priorities for the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans (LGBT) people in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: Data were collected during the 2013 LGBT Pride Parade in San Juan, using a brief self-administered survey that included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the disclosure of sexual orientation/gender identity, experiences of discrimination, experiences while receiving social and health services, and perceived healthcare priorities and needs...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Alemka Tomicic, Constanza Gálvez, Constanza Quiroz, Claudio Martínez, Jaime Fontbona, Juliana Rodríguez, Francisco Aguayo, Catalina Rosenbaum, Fanny Leyton, Iside Lagazzi
UNLABELLED: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) populations have a high prevalence of suicide behaviors. AIM: To review the literature on suicide among LGBT populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2004 and 2014 on suicidality among LGBT people was conducted. Forty-five articles were selected for a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The research on suicide among LGBT people has increased during the last decade...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Robert Dinwoodie, Beth Greenhill, Alex Cookson
BACKGROUND: Previous research aiming to understand the lives of lesbian, gay bisexual and trans (LGBT) people labelled with intellectual disabilities is limited. There are few recent studies and available findings are often contradictory and inconsistent. METHOD: This study aimed to explore how LGBT people labelled with intellectual disabilities experienced their sexual identities. Five LGBT people labelled with intellectual disabilities were interviewed, and data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis methodology...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Helen Jin, Shoumita Dasgupta
STUDY QUESTION: Does the prevalence of online education in fertility center websites differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) couples compared to online education for heterosexual couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: This review of fertility center websites showed that the majority of websites with patient education for heterosexual couples do not have similar materials for LGBT couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In order to have biologically related children, LGBT individuals or couples utilize assisted reproductive technologies (ART)...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Bianca D M Wilson, Ayako Miyashita
Epidemiological categories not only reflect existing frameworks for public health, but reify how subpopulations are defined, understood, and targeted for interventions. The sweeping categorization of Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) used in HIV research and intervention work is one such example. The current paper builds upon previous critiques of the "MSM" nomenclature by delineating the sexual and gender diversity embedded in the term as it pertains specifically to Black peoples. The emphasis is on developing greater specificity about the sociocultural and structural factors that may be shared among these subgroups, such as racism and poverty, and the factors that are likely to distinguish the groups, such as levels of sexual minority identification, access to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) services and community, and experiences with anti-bisexual or anti-transgender bias...
September 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
Rona L Siskind, Michele Andrasik, Shelly T Karuna, Gail B Broder, Clare Collins, Albert Liu, Jonathan Paul Lucas, Gary W Harper, Philip O Renzullo
In 2009, the National Institutes of Health recognized the need to expand knowledge of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health and commissioned the Institute of Medicine to report on the health of these populations in the United States. The resulting Institute of Medicine publication called for more knowledge of the health of LGBT populations, as well as improved methodologies to reach them, more LGBT-focused research, and enhanced training programs and cultural competency of physicians and researchers...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Fidelindo A Lim, Richard Hsu
AIM: The aim of this study was to critically appraise and synthesize findings from studies on the attitudes of nursing students toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons. BACKGROUND: There is paucity of research to assess the attitudes of nursing students toward LGBT persons. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted using PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, EbscoHost, PsycInfo, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature using medical subject headings terminologies...
May 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Megan C McNamara, Henry Ng
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people have unique healthcare needs. While all LGBT people are at an increased risk for mental health and substance abuse disorders, certain health conditions vary by group. Overweight and obesity are more common in lesbian and bisexual women, whereas sexual minority men are at increased risk for infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis. Breast, cervical, and prostate cancer screening should be offered to all LGBT individuals according to national guidelines and with consideration of a transgender person's natal and surgical anatomy...
July 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Edward McCann, Regina Lee, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: People who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) can face many challenges in society including accessing education, care and support appropriate to individual needs. However, there is a growing and evolving evidence base about the specific needs of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in this regard. AIMS: The aim of this review was to explore the experiences of people with ID who identified as LGBT through an examination of studies that addressed their views and highlighted specific issues, concerns and service responses...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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