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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214683/queer-reproduction-revisited-and-why-race-class-and-citizenship-still-matters-a-response-to-cristina-richie
#1
Doris Leibetseder
In the dialogue between Timothy F. Murphy and Cristina Richie about queer bioethics and queer reproduction in this journal, significant points of the emergent and extremely important discussions on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and queer bioethics are raised. Richie specifies correctly that queer bioethics can either complement or contradict LGBT bioethics and the queer standpoint against heteroconformity and heterofuturity is decisive here. As the field of queer bioethics is such a recent and essential part of consideration for bioethics and as it is still evolving, the objective of this intervention is to provide both an overview of important milestones of queer bioethics and to highlight that queer bioethics is not mono-logic and monolithic...
December 7, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199907/gaydar-marriage-and-rip-roaring-homosexuals-discourses-about-homosexuality-in-dear-abby-and-ann-landers-advice-columns-1967-1982
#2
Patrick M Johnson, Kwame A Holmes
Over the past 70 years, the history of acceptance of the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) community within the United States has seen much change and fluctuation. One of the places that this dialogue has been preserved is through the syndicated advice columns of Dear Abby and Ann Landers, in which individuals in the United States were writing in for advice to deal with their anxiety over a newly emerging and highly visible new community of individuals once considered to be mentally ill and dangerous. Using discourse analysis, this article traces the evolution of public and scientific opinions about the LGBT community during the years leading up to the Stonewall riots all the way to right before the AIDs epidemic...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190167/engaging-the-transgender-community-to-improve-medical-education-and-prioritize-healthcare-initiatives
#3
Emily J Noonan, Susan Sawning, Ryan Combs, Laura A Weingartner, Leslee J Martin, V Faye Jones, Amy Holthouser
Phenomenon: Transgender patients experience discrimination, limited access to care, and inadequate provider knowledge in healthcare settings. Medical education to address transgender-specific disparities is lacking. Research that engages transgender community members may help address health disparities by empowering patients, increasing trust, and informing medical curricula to increase competence. APPROACH: A 2015 Community Forum on Transgender Health Care was hosted at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, which included healthcare professionals and transgender community members to facilitate dialogue among mixed-participant groups using a World Café model...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181893/developing-inclusive-residential-care-for-older-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-trans-lgbt-people-an-evaluation-of-the-care-home-challenge-action-research-project
#4
Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Paul Simpson, Paul B Willis, Kathryn Almack
There have been substantial achievements in legislative and human rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) older people and their visibility in health and social care has equally increased. These appear to have surpassed the ability of care services to meet their needs given documented concerns about the accessibility, inclusiveness and safety of care services particularly institutionalised care. This requires systemic change not easy to operationalise. This paper describes an action research initiative where six care homes belonging to a national care provider, collaborated to assess and develop their services with the support of local LGBT "Community Advisors" and academic partners...
November 27, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180156/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-inclusion-survey-of-campus-climate-in-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy
#5
Anita N Jacobson, Kelly L Matson, Jennifer L Mathews, Amy L Parkhill, Thomas A Scartabello
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To quantify the implementation of inclusive policies and benefits as well as institutional commitment to support LGBT faculty, staff, and students in pharmacy schools nationwide. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An anonymous, electronic survey was sent to administrators at 130 pharmacy schools. Forty-four survey responses were received, indicating a 34% response rate. The survey included questions relating to campus climate, inclusive policies and benefits, and institutional commitments to the LGBT community...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179617/twelve-tips-for-incorporating-and-teaching-sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-school-curricula
#6
Michael Solotke, Nicole A Sitkin, Michael L Schwartz, John A Encandela
The World Health Organization has identified many barriers to improving the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, including challenges to incorporating and teaching about healthcare for such patients, which we call "sexual and gender minority" (SGM) health content. These challenges include structural and logistical barriers to incorporating SGM health content into undergraduate medical curricula, as well as lack of support in identifying high-quality pedagogical methods for teaching this material...
November 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161889/intersections-of-physician-autonomy-religion-and-health-care-when-working-with-lgbt-patients
#7
Tara M Prairie, Bethany Wrye, Sarah Murfree
The purpose of this study is to explore the ways that some health care providers perceive the intersectionality of their autonomy, religious faith, and their medical practice, specifically when it comes to providing care for the LGBT+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual) community. Physicians (n = 25) and medical residents (n = 17) located in the southeast completed a qualitative survey regarding their views of working with LGBT+ patients. Five main themes resulted from the analysis: adequate education, communication, discrimination, duty versus physician autonomy, and religious exemption...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154714/improving-measures-of-sexual-and-gender-identity-in-english-and-spanish-to-identify-lgbt-older-adults-in-surveys
#8
Stuart Michaels, Carolina Milesi, Michael Stern, Melissa Heim Viox, Heather Morrison, Paul Guerino, Christina Dragon, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to advance the study of health disparities faced by older sexual and gender minorities by assessing comprehension of and improving measures of sexual and gender identity in surveys. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted by expert interviewers with 48 non-lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (non-LGBT) and 9 LGBT older English and Spanish speakers. RESULTS: All respondents were able to answer questions about their sex assigned at birth and current gender identity successfully despite some cisgender respondents' lack of clear understanding of the transgender response option...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#9
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153445/prevalence-and-correlates-of-youth-homelessness-in-the-united-states
#10
Matthew H Morton, Amy Dworsky, Jennifer L Matjasko, Susanna R Curry, David Schlueter, Raúl Chávez, Anne F Farrell
PURPOSE: Unaccompanied youth homelessness is a serious concern. Response, however, has been constrained by the absence of credible data on the size and characteristics of the population and reliable means to track youth homelessness over time. We sought to address these gaps. METHODS: Using a nationally representative phone-based survey (N = 26,161), we solicited household and individual reports on different types of youth homelessness. We collected household reports on adolescents aged 13-17 and young adults aged 18-25, as well as self-reports from young adults aged 18-25...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119924/deaths-in-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-united-kingdom-communities-associated-with-ghb-and-precursors
#11
John M Corkery, Barbara Loi, Hugh Claridge, Christine Goodair, Fabrizio Schifano
Background Misuse of gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and its prodrugs gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol (1,4-BD) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, particularly amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in recreational and sexual settings, e.g. 'chemsex'. Objective and method This paper presents an overview of GHB pharmacotoxicology and provides analyses of cases in the LGBT population associated with use of these substances extracted from the UK's National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database, to which notification is voluntary...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#12
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#14
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032496/school-practices-to-foster-lgbt-supportive-climate-associations-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement
#15
Amy L Gower, Myriam Forster, Kari Gloppen, Abigail Z Johnson, Marla E Eisenberg, John E Connett, Iris W Borowsky
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience disproportionate rates of bullying compared to their heterosexual peers. Schools are well-positioned to address these disparities by creating supportive school climates for LGBT youth, but more research is needed to examine the variety of practices and professional development opportunities put in place to this end. The current study examines how school practices to create supportive LGBT student climate relate to student reports of bullying. Student-level data come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, a state-wide survey of risk and protective factors...
October 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021010/exposure-to-community-violence-among-low-income-african-american-youth-in-chicago-a-latent-class-analysis
#16
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Michalopoulos, Sadiq Patel
African American youth are exposed to some of the highest rates of exposure to community violence. However, few studieshave explored factors related to exposures and various subtypes of exposures to community violence (i.e., no exposure, witnessing only and being a witness/victim). Among a matched sample of 129 African American youth and their caregivers, no exposure to community violence was correlated with being heterosexual versus being a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, having parents who owned their homes versus rented, and having higher authoritarian parenting attitudes...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956629/development-of-an-lgb-specific-health-literacy-scale
#17
Michele J Eliason, Predair Robinson, Kimberly Balsam
No studies to date have examined health literacy among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, nor considered whether LGB-specific health literacy might be a contributing factor to well-documented health disparities in LGB populations. This pilot study gathered online survey data from a national convenience sample of 232 LGB adults age 40 and older. A scale developed specifically for this study had 10 items related to general health literacy and 10 items related to LGB-specific health information and skills...
September 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928340/a-first-step-in-addressing-medical-education-curriculum-gaps-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-related-content-the-university-of-louisville-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-certificate-program
#18
Susan Sawning, Stacie Steinbock, Rachel Croley, Ryan Combs, Ann Shaw, Toni Ganzel
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences of sex development have specific health needs and significant health disparities exacerbated by a lack of training among health professionals. The University of Louisville LGBT Health Certificate Program used an interdisciplinary approach to increase training, potentially enabling future physicians to provide quality healthcare to LGBT patients. METHODS: A pretest-post-test design was used to investigate medical students' (n = 39) attitude and knowledge outcomes after program participation...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#19
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#20
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
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