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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411998/understanding-and-reducing-sexual-prejudice-in-jamaica-theoretical-and-practical-insights-from-a-severely-anti-gay-society
#1
Keon West
Jamaica has earned an international reputation for severe sexual prejudice-perhaps disproportionately so compared to other severely anti-LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) societies. Until recently, however, no quantitative empirical research had investigated Jamaica's sexual prejudice, leaving the prejudice poorly understood and methods of reducing it unclear. This article reviews empirical research on Jamaican anti-LGBT prejudice from the past 15 years. It situates Jamaica within the global context, explains the current understanding of the severity and nature of the problem, evaluates solutions currently being explored, and suggests promising strategies based on available evidence...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411656/adapting-evidence-based-teen-pregnancy-programs-to-be-lgbt-inclusive-lessons-learned
#2
Karen Stradford Boyce, Madeline Travers, Betty Rothbart, Vivian Santiago, Jane Bedell
CONTEXT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth show higher rates of sexual risk behaviors than heterosexual and cisgender youth; yet, most school-based sexual health education is largely heteronormative and cisnormative and does not recognize the spectrum of sexual and gender identity. New York City's Departments of Health and Education collaborated to create an LGBT-inclusive supplement to the Reducing the Risk curriculum and implement it in 21 South Bronx high schools...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385953/behavioral-health-treatment-patterns-among-employer-insured-adults-in-same-and-different-gender-marriages-and-domestic-partnerships
#3
Linda Diem Tran, Haiyong Xu, Francisca Azocar, Susan L Ettner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined specialty behavioral health treatment patterns among employer-insured adults in same- and different-gender domestic partnerships and marriages. METHODS: The study used behavioral health service claims (2008-2013) from Optum to estimate gender-stratified penetration rates of behavioral health service use by couple type and partnership status among partnered adults ages 18-64 (N=12,727,292 person-years) and levels of use among those with any use (conditional analyses)...
February 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378698/sexual-orientation-disclosure-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#4
Hannah Brooks, Carrie D Llewellyn, Tom Nadarzynski, Fernando Castilho Pelloso, Felipe De Souza Guilherme, Alex Pollard, Christina J Jones
BACKGROUND: Significant health disparities between sexual minority individuals (that is, lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender [LGBT]) and heterosexual individuals have been demonstrated. AIM: To understand the barriers and facilitators to sexual orientation (SO) disclosure experienced by LGBT adults in healthcare settings. DESIGN AND SETTING: Mixed methods systematic review, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods papers following PRISMA guidelines...
January 29, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377781/older-bisexual-people-implications-for-social-work-from-the-looking-both-ways-study
#5
Rebecca L Jones, Kathryn Almack, Rachael Scicluna
There is a growing social work literature about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older people. However, research and guidance are predominantly based on the experiences of older gay men and, to a lesser extent, older lesbians. There is little to help practitioners work with older bisexual people. The Looking Both Ways study aimed to contribute to this gap in knowledge. We undertook in-depth purposely sampled qualitative interviews with 12 people aged over 50, all of whom have bisexual relationship histories and half of whom also currently identify as bisexual...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373163/social-determinants-of-lgbt-cancer-health-inequities
#6
REVIEW
Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth Breen, Priyoth Kittiteerasack
OBJECTIVES: To describe the extant literature on social determinants of health as they relate to the cancer disparities and to highlight the research findings relating to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations. DATA SOURCES: Published scientific literature and clinical literature, and published reports from the World Health Organization and US Department of Health and Human Services. CONCLUSION: The larger literature on health inequities is moving beyond individual-level predictors of risk to evaluate the influence of social determinants of health on the persistent health inequalities in a population...
January 17, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369735/mental-health-staff-perceptions-and-practice-regarding-self-harm-suicidality-and-help-seeking-in-lgbtq-youth-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-uk
#7
Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings, Elizabeth McDermott
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) experience higher levels of suicidality compared to heterosexual or cisgender peers, and face significant barriers accessing mental health services including prejudice from staff. In a cross-sectional survey, mental health staff who reported receiving LGBT awareness training were significantly more likely to report in relation to working with LGBT youth that they routinely discussed issues of sexuality and gender (χ2=8.782, df=2, p < 0...
January 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369658/lesbian-gay-and-transgender-veterans-experiences-in-the-veterans-health-administration-positive-signs-and-room-for-improvement
#8
Michael R Kauth, Terri L Barrera, David M Latini
This study explored the characteristics of lesbian, gay, and transgender veteran users of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) services and nonusers, using a national convenience sample. Participants responded to an online, anonymous survey posted on LGBT websites and forwarded through personal contacts, using a snow-ball sampling strategy, resulting in a final sample of 218. Most participants were enrolled in VHA (n = 151). VHA users were older, more ethnically diverse, had less income, and were less public about their sexual or gender minority identity than nonusers...
January 25, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357737/lifesaving-in-every-way-the-role-of-companion-animals-in-the-lives-of-older-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults-age-50-and-over
#9
Anna Muraco, Jennifer Putney, Chengshi Shiu, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
This study uses mixed-methods data and a life-course perspective to explore the role of pets in the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults age 50 and over and addresses the following research questions: (1) How does having a pet relate to perceived social support and social network size? and (2) how do LGBT older adults describe the meaning of pets in their lives? The qualitative data ( N = 59) were collected from face-to-face interviews, and the quantitative data ( N = 2,560) were collected via surveys from a sample across the United States...
January 1, 2018: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338894/lgbt-populations-barriers-to-cancer-care
#10
REVIEW
Ulrike Boehmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals' barriers to accessing and receiving quality cancer care. DATA SOURCES: Published data on cancer care and studies of LGBT individuals. CONCLUSION: There is a clustering of barriers among LGBT individuals, which suggests multiple inequities exist in LGBT individuals' cancer care, although data on disparities along the cancer control continuum are not consistently available...
January 12, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336921/legal-and-policy-issues-for-lgbt-patients-with-cancer-or-at-elevated-risk-of-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Sean R Cahill
OBJECTIVE: To understand the major legal and policy issues for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer patients. DATA SOURCES: LGBT health policy research. CONCLUSION: Major policy issues include discrimination, lack of cultural competency and clinically appropriate care, insurance coverage, family recognition, and sexual orientation and gender identity data collection. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses play a major role in providing affirming and competent care to LGBT cancer patients...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329960/the-future-of-lgbt-cancer-care-practice-and-research-implications
#12
REVIEW
David Rice, Matthew B Schabath
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize state of the knowledge collected in this volume and propose future directions for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer practice, education, research, and advocacy. DATA SOURCES: Current and extant literature. CONCLUSION: Health care disparities that are known but not yet fully elucidated in the LGBT population carry into the cancer arena. Substantially more effort is required in the domains of patient care, nursing practice, nursing and patient-facing services provider education, patient education, nursing and interprofessional research, governmental commitment, professional organization action, and patient advocacy...
January 9, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325817/cancer-screening-considerations-and-cancer-screening-uptake-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-persons
#13
REVIEW
Marc Ceres, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Matthew Loscalzo, David Rice
OBJECTIVES: To describe the current state of cancer screening and uptake for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons and to propose cancer screening considerations for LGBT persons. DATA SOURCES: Current and historic published literature on cancer screening and LGBT cancer screening; published national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Despite known cancer risks for members of the LGBT community, cancer screening rates are often low, and there are gaps in screening recommendations for LGBT persons...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325816/lgbt-cultural-competence-and-interventions-to-help-oncology-nurses-and-other-health-care-providers
#14
REVIEW
Asa Radix, Shail Maingi
OBJECTIVES: To define and give an overview of the importance of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competency and offer some initial steps on how to improve the quality of care provided by oncology nurses and other health care professionals. DATA SOURCES: A review of the existing literature on cultural competency. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients experience cancer and several other diseases at higher rates than the rest of the population...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325815/intersectionality-and-the-lgbt-cancer-patient
#15
REVIEW
Penny Damaskos, Beau Amaya, RuthAnn Gordon, Chasity Burrows Walters
OBJECTIVES: To present the ways in which race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation interact in the context of cancer risk, access to care, and treatment by health care providers. Cancer risk factors, access to care, and treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients are discussed within the context of intersectionality and cultural humility. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles, cancer organizations, and clinical practice. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients have multiple identities that intersect to create unique experiences...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306523/palliative-and-end-of-life-care-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers
#16
REVIEW
Kristin G Cloyes, William Hull, Andra Davis
OBJECTIVE: To identify the unique needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cancer patients and caregivers, and review recommendations supporting more effective and inclusive palliative and end-of-life care. DATA SOURCES: Published research and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: Transitions in care raise particular challenges for LGBT patients, including provider communication, perceptions of safety and acceptance, and assessing and respecting patients' definitions of family and spirituality...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303404/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-military-families-findings-from-the-california-healthy-kids-survey
#17
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Holly Shim-Pelayo
BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges associated with military life, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in military families may face stressors associated with having a stigmatized sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression, placing them at risk of substance use. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study exploring substance use outcomes among LGBT youth in military families. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the role of military connection, LGB identity, and transgender identity on lifetime and past 30-day substance use...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303396/mental-health-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-lgbt-individuals-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#18
Christopher F Drescher, Eliot J Lopez, James A Griffin, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge, Lara M Stepleman
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals is higher than for heterosexual, cisgender individuals. Elevated smoking rates have been linked to psychiatric comorbidities, substance use, poverty, low education levels, and stress. OBJECTIVES: This study examined mental health (MH) correlates of cigarette use in LGBT individuals residing in a metropolitan area in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants were 335 individuals from an LGBT health needs assessment (mean age 34...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297774/unraveling-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minorities-a-commentary-on-the-persistent-impact-of-stigma
#19
Ronald O Valdiserri, David R Holtgrave, Tonia C Poteat, Chris Beyrer
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) populations experience disparities in health outcomes, both physical and mental, compared to their heterosexual and cis-gender peers. This commentary confronts the view held by some researchers that the disparate rates of mental health problems reported among LGBT populations are the consequences of pursuing a particular life trajectory, rather than resulting from the corrosive and persistent impact of stigma. Suggesting that mental health disparities among LGBT populations arise internally, de novo, when individuals express non-heterosexual and non-conforming gender identities ignores the vast body of evidence documenting the destructive impact of socially-mediated stigma and systemic discrimination on health outcomes for a number of minorities, including sexual and gender minorities...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294932/rape-myth-acceptance-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-mostly-heterosexual-college-students
#20
Meredith G F Worthen
Although there is a wealth of existing research on various correlates and patterns of rape myth acceptance (RMA), including how RMA relates to homophobia (i.e., antigay and antilesbian perspectives) and negativity toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women rape victims, no research to date has specifically focused on RMA among LGB and "mostly heterosexual" men and women. The current study examines how gender, sexual identity, personal experiences with rape (i.e., knowing/being a survivor), feminist identity, patriarchal gender norms, attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, and the interactions among these relate to LGB college students' ( n = 389; 24% gay/lesbian, 19% bisexual, 57% mostly heterosexual) RMA using the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Short Form...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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