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Thoracoscopic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673386/risk-factors-and-short-term-outcomes-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-vats-lobectomy
#1
Paula J Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Tom Smith, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are associated with poor outcomes following thoracotomy and lung resection. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy is now frequently utilised as an alternative to thoracotomy, however patients remain at risk for development of PPC. There is little known of the short-term outcome associated with PPC following VATS lobectomy and if there are any potential risk factors that could be modified to prevent PPC development; our study aimed to investigate this...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672816/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-therapy-after-thoracic-sympathectomy-for-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#2
Lukasz Dobosz, Tomasz Stefaniak
BACKGROUND:  Primary hyperhidrosis is a condition that significantly decreases the quality of life (QOL). Thoracic sympathectomy is safe and efficient method of treatment in palmar hyperhidrosis. OBJECTIVE:  The aim of the study was to evaluate the change in QOL in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis who underwent thoracic sympathectomy. METHODS:  The study includes 149 patients (37 men and 112 women) who were treated with bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy for primary palmar hyperhidrosis...
April 19, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671216/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-bisegmentectomies-for-double-primary-lung-cancers-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#3
Takuya Matsui, Kotaro Mizuno, Takeshi Yamada
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare anomaly. A limited number of reports document surgery for lung cancer in patients with SIT. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with SIT who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic bisegmentectomies for synchronous double primary lung cancers. Preoperative evaluation of the pulmonary vessels and bronchus by three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) was unavailable owing to the patient's renal function disorder. However, the procedure was safely completed by adequate anatomic identification and careful operative manipulation based on plain CT study...
April 18, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670779/pulmonary-mucormycosis-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-neutropenia
#4
Izza Mir, Sijan Basnet, David Ellsworth, Elan Mohanty
Pulmonary mucormycosis is a rare life-threatening fungal infection associated with high mortality. We present the case of a 61-year-old man with history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia who presented with fever and cough, eventually diagnosed with pulmonary mucormycosis after right lung video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B and right lung pneumonectomy; however, he later died from left lung pneumonia.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668580/metastatic-epithelioid-trophoblastic-tumor-of-the-lung-a-case-report
#5
Wangjun Lei, Fangbiao Zhang, Chunhui Zheng, Chun Zhao, Shaosong Tu, Yingwei Bao
RATIONALE: Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a very rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) which arises from neoplastic proliferation of intermediate trophoblasts. Metastatic ETT of the lung is extremely rare in postmenopausal women. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we describe a 50-year-old woman with a metastatic ETT of the lung showing increasing tracer uptake at PET/CT. DIAGNOSIS: Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed a tumor composed of nests of epithelioid cells with necrotic debris and peritumoral hyaline-like material...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664356/2016-annual-report-from-the-italian-vats-group
#6
Piergiorgio Solli, Luca Bertolaccini, Andrea Droghetti, Alessandro Bertani, Alessandro Gonfiotti, Mario Nosotti, Marcello Migliore, Roberto Crisci, Italian Vats Group
This report highlights the results of the Italian video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) Group, launched in mid 2013, which now has a website and an established database with over 4000 VATS lobectomy cases recruited from 67 thoracic surgery units across Italy. The year 2016 has been crucial for the following steps: inclusion of a dedicated biostatistician and a 'Survey Analysis & Data Quality Check'; the First Consensus Meeting with statements consequently adopted as Recommendations for the Italian Thoracic Surgery Society and published in a peer-reviewed journal; two papers published under the logo Italian VATS Group and seven abstracts accepted at annual international meetings (European Society of Thoracic Surgeons, European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgeons, European Lung Cancer Conference and European Respiratory Society); the institution of a Master Course on VATS lobectomy; the partnership with AME Publishing Company...
March 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664351/single-incision-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-pneumonectomy-for-centrally-located-lung-cancer
#7
Semih Halezeroğlu
Increasing experience in single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic (SIVATS) lung resections for lung cancer has made some sophisticated lung resections such as bronchial or vascular sleeve resections, chest wall resections and pneumonectomy possible. There are some case series published in medical literature about the feasibility and safety of multiportal video-assisted thoracic surgery pneumonectomy. However, in this prepubertal period of its evolution the literature data are still immature, and limited only to rare case reports or video presentations for SIVATS pneumonectomy for lung cancer...
March 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658824/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-performed-satisfaction-and-complications-of-patients-during-hands-on-training-courses
#8
Dongjie Ma, Xiaonan Song, Shanqing Li, Hongsheng Liu, Yushang Cui, Cheng Huang, Xiaoyun Zhou, Yingzhi Qin, Li Li, Yeye Chen
AIM: It was aimed to concern about the satisfaction and procedural complications of patients during the thoracoscopy exist of hands-on training in this present study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients with non-small-cell carcinoma underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy during hands-on training courses at thoracoscopic center in our hospital and collected from January 2009 and December 2014. The rates of satisfaction and complications of patients were compared from hands-on training group and control group...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651403/enhanced-wound-healing-after-leiomyoma-enucleation
#9
Masood Amini, Mohammad Hassan Hashemizadeh, Seyedeh Leila Poorbaghi
Leiomyoma is a rare esophageal tumor that constitutes less than 1% of esophageal malignancies. It should be removed when diagnosed even if asymptomatic. This study presents two cases of esophageal leiomyoma in 38 and 62 years old men who presented with dysphagia and evaluated for diagnosis and location of related tumors. Patients were clinically examined and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, chest computerized tomography scan, barium swallow and endoscopic ultrasonography were performed. The masses were diagnosed and both patients underwent 3-port right videothoracoscopic enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma with sleeve calibration tube (SCT) assistance...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648637/medium-and-long-term-emergency-department-utilization-after-oesophagectomy-a-population-based-analysis
#10
Biniam Kidane, Binu Jacob, Vaibhav Gupta, John Peel, Refik Saskin, Thomas K Waddell, Gail E Darling
OBJECTIVES: Oesophagectomy is a complex operation with the potential for prolonged recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate healthcare resource utilization, specifically emergency department (ED) visits within 1 year of oesophagectomy, and to identify risk factors for ED visits and frequent ED use (FEDU). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive oesophagectomies for cancer in all Ontario hospitals was conducted using linked health data (2000-2012) including the ability to identify ED visits at non-index hospitals...
April 10, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643965/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-left-to-right-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-for-prevention-of-serious-complications-technical-aspects-based-on-1006-patients
#11
Krystian Pawlak, Łukasz Gąsiorowski, Piotr Gabryel, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz
Introduction: Additional use of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique in the Nuss procedure has been globally accepted for the improvement of safety of surgical treatment as well as for decreased frequency of serious intraoperative and postoperative complications. Aim: To evaluate VATS in surgical treatment of patients with pectus excavatum by the left-to-right Nuss procedure for prevention of serious intra- and postoperative complications. Material and methods: From 2002 to 2016, 1006 patients with pectus excavatum aged 7 to 62 years (mean: 18...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630082/pulmonary-hydatid-disease-with-aspergillosis-an-unusual-association-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#12
Rahul Chanderhas Goyal, Ruchita Tyagi, Bhavna Garg, Atul Mishra, Neena Sood
Echinococcosis is a common cause of pulmonary cavities. Aspergillus fumigatus, a saprophytic fungus, can colonise pulmonary cavities caused by tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, echinococcosis, bronchiectasis and neoplasms. Infection by Aspergillus is often seen in immunosuppressed cases. However, co-infection of Aspergillus with pulmonary echinococcosis is unexpected and very unusual, especially in an immunocompetent patient. We present the case of a 45-year-old immunocompetent male who came with non-resolving pneumonia and fever for 8 months and dyspnoea since 15 days accompanied by recurrent episodes of hemoptysis since 5 days...
April 9, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629895/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-due-to-one-lung-ventilation
#13
Samil Gunay, Abdullah Taskin, Irfan Eser, Saban Yalcin, Funda Yalcin
AIM: One-lung ventilation (OLV) is an anesthesia technique used to provide visualization in thoracoscopic lung surgeries and increase surgical site visibility during operation. In OLV, atelectasis occurs and blood from the lung participates in circulation without receiving oxygen. We designed a prospective study on patients we implemented surgery in order to research whether OLV leads to oxidative stress and DNA damage or not. METHODS: It was taken 5cc blood samples 4 times from these patients in the postoperative preparatory stage (T1), on the 60th minute after the start of OLV (T2), on the 60th minute after the termination of OLV (T3) and 24 hours after surgery (T4)...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629206/enhanced-recovery-pathways-in-thoracic-surgery-the-quebec-experience
#14
Julien Hubert, Etienne Bourdages-Pageau, Charles Antoine Paradis Garneau, Catherine Labbé, Paula A Ugalde
Background: Canada has a universal public health system where all resources must be allocated to optimize cost-effectiveness. Rapid diagnostic assessment programs (DAPs) and enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) may improve timeliness of care and postoperative outcomes and thus reduce costs. The use of DAPs and ERPs in lung cancer patients who undergo lobectomy via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is still controversial. This study measured the time between preoperative workup and treatment with a DAP and evaluated the impact of an ERP postoperatively in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received a VATS lobectomy...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629202/enhanced-recovery-pathways-in-thoracic-surgery-from-italian-vats-group-perioperative-analgesia-protocols
#15
REVIEW
Federico Piccioni, Matteo Segat, Stefano Falini, Marzia Umari, Olga Putina, Lucio Cavaliere, Riccardo Ragazzi, Domenico Massullo, Marco Taurchini, Carlo Del Naja, Andrea Droghetti
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive technique that allows a faster recovery after thoracic surgery. Although enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) principles seem reasonably applicable to thoracic surgery, there is little literature on the application of such a strategy in this context. In regard to pain management, ERAS pathways promote the adoption of a multimodal strategy, tailored to the patients. This approach is based on combining systemic and loco-regional analgesia to favour opioid-sparing strategies...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629201/anesthesia-and-fast-track-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-from-evidence-to-practice
#16
REVIEW
Marzia Umari, Stefano Falini, Matteo Segat, Michele Zuliani, Marco Crisman, Lucia Comuzzi, Francesco Pagos, Stefano Lovadina, Umberto Lucangelo
In thoracic surgery, the introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopic techniques has allowed the development of fast-track protocols, with shorter hospital lengths of stay and improved outcomes. The perioperative management needs to be optimized accordingly, with the goal of reducing postoperative complications and speeding recovery times. Premedication performed in the operative room should be wisely administered because often linked to late discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Inhalatory anesthesia, when possible, should be preferred based on protective effects on postoperative lung inflammation...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629196/a-comprehensive-protocol-for-physiokinesis-therapy-and-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy
#17
Alessandro Bertani, Paolo Ferrari, Danilo Terzo, Emanuele Russo, Gaetano Burgio, Lavinia De Monte, Francesco Raffaele, Andrea Droghetti, Roberto Crisci
Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has recently been adopted as the gold standard surgical option for the treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is being progressively adopted in thoracic surgery to improve the postoperative outcomes. Even if the benefits of ERAS are universally accepted, to date a standardized and uniform approach has not been described in the medical literature. The Italian VATS group has recently proposed to include in the VATS lobectomy database a structured protocol for ERAS...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628834/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-continuous-epidural-infusion-versus-local-infiltration-and-systemic-opioids-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-decortication-in-pediatric-empyema-patients
#18
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Introduction: The stripping of the densely innervated and inflamed parietal pleura in empyema during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) decortication can lead to significant pain and major postoperative respiratory compromise. Hence, we compared the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in children undergoing VATS decortications. Methodology: Following ethics approval and informed consent, forty patients from 1 to 12 years of age were randomized into two groups, Group E (epidural) and Group L (local infiltration) after induction of anesthesia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625502/effectiveness-of-robotic-lobectomy-outcome-and-learning-curve-in-a-high-volume-center
#19
Danjouma Housmanou Cheufou, Khaled Mardanzai, Till Ploenes, Dirk Theegarten, Georgios Stamatis, Sandra Kampe, Clemens Aigner
BACKGROUND:  Robotic surgery has been developed as a sophisticated tool to expand possibilities in minimal invasive surgery. The learning curve for this method is short in various surgical fields; however, limited data exist on the learning curve in robotic thoracic surgery. METHODS:  This study analyzes a single center experience of robotic lobectomies using a prospectively kept database. Perioperative data and outcome of patients during the learning curve were compared with patients operated with increased institutional experience...
April 6, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625500/the-da-vinci-xi-robotic-four-arm-approach-for-robotic-assisted-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#20
Peter Philipp Grimminger, Edin Hadzijusufovic, Jelle Piet-Hein Ruurda, Hauke Lang, Richard van Hillegersberg
Robotic surgery is gaining importance in complex thoracoscopic surgery, such as robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE). The RAMIE procedure was designed using the first generation of the robotic system. The latest da Vinci Xi system has substantially increased the dexterity, especially designed for multiquadrant surgery. The original three-arm RAMIE approach was modified including the robotic four-arm use for the thoracoscopic and laparoscopic part of the operation. This extended approach (four-arm RAMIE approach) provides more flexibility and raises the independence of the surgeon...
April 6, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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