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Paediatric dysphagia

Caitlyn M Swinney, Karen Bau, Karen L Oakley Burton, Stephen J O'Flaherty, Natasha L Bear, Simon P Paget
AIM: To determine the incidence of common adverse events after botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to identify whether the severity of CP influences the incidence of adverse events. METHOD: This was an observational study of patients attending a BoNT-A clinic at a tertiary paediatric hospital (2010-2014). Data examined included procedural adverse events at the time of injection and at follow-up. Systemic adverse events were defined as lower respiratory tract illnesses, generalized weakness, dysphagia, and death...
May 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Ruth García Romero, Ignacio Ros Arnal, María José Romea Montañés, José Antonio López Calahorra, Cristina Gutiérrez Alonso, Beatriz Izquierdo Hernández, Carlos Martín de Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is very common in children with neurological disabilities. These patients usually suffer from respiratory and nutritional problems. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the most recommended test to evaluate dysphagia, as it shows the real situation during swallowing. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the results obtained in our centre after one year of the implementation of VFSS, the clinical improvement after confirmation, and the prescription of an individualised treatment for the patients affected...
November 9, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša F Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia, and nutritional comorbidities. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, and dysphagia are also frequent in this population and affect quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in children with neurological impairment...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
T Gnanasekaran, S Gnanasekaran, J M Wood, P Friedland
Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a diagnosis that is being made more frequently in the assessment of dysphagia in both adults and children. It is unclear whether this is a result of increased prevalence or improved diagnostic methods. Children present commonly to paediatric institutions with foreign body impaction. Research indicates that food impaction may predispose to eosinophilic oesophagitis. This article presents eosinophilic oesophagitis from an otolaryngologist's point of view. It details the clinical features present in the disease as well as how it is diagnosed and managed...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Simona Salera, Francesca Menni, Maurizio Moggio, Sophie Guez, Monica Sciacco, Susanna Esposito
Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) represent a heterogeneous group of acquired or inherited conditions. Nutritional complications are frequent in NMDs, but they are sometimes underestimated. With the prolongation of survival in patients with NMDs, there are several nutritional aspects that are important to consider, including the deleterious effects of overnutrition on glucose metabolism, mobility, and respiratory and cardiologic functions; the impact of hyponutrition on muscle and ventilatory function; constipation and other gastrointestinal complications; chewing/swallowing difficulties with an increased risk of aspiration that predisposes to infectious diseases and respiratory complications; as well as osteoporosis with an associated increased risk of fractures...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of starvation, dysfunction develops in virtually all systems and organs. However, most frequently patients with AN complain of digestive symptoms, such as a feeling of fullness after meals, pain in the upper abdomen, dysphagia, nausea, bloating and constipation...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
Anne Marie Winstone, Lesley Ann Stellitano, Christopher Michael Verity
AIM: To describe the cases of Niemann-Pick type C (NP-C) disease in a United Kingdom epidemiological study of progressive intellectual and neurological deterioration in childhood. METHOD: Paediatricians notified cases via the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit between 1997 and 2015. RESULTS: Fifty-three NP-C patients were identified: 29 females, 24 males. Fifteen cases had a systemic presentation (neonatal jaundice and/or hepatosplenomegaly)...
September 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
L Wauters, S Nightingale, N J Talley, B Sulaiman, M M Walker
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD) remains unknown. Duodenal eosinophil infiltration has been reported. AIM: To assess the association between dyspeptic symptoms and duodenal eosinophilia in children undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, children with normal upper endoscopy and routine histology at a single tertiary paediatric centre between 2010 and 2014 were included...
May 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Bilel Jideh, Andrew Keegan, Martin Weltman
Lymphocytic esophagitis (LyE) is a rare condition characterised histologically by high numbers of esophageal intraepithelial lymphocytes without significant granulocytes infiltration, in addition to intercellular edema ("spongiosis"). The clinical significance and natural history of LyE is poorly defined although dysphagia is reportedly the most common symptom. Endoscopic features range from normal appearing esophageal mucosa to features similar to those seen in eosinophilic esophagitis, including esophageal rings, linear furrows, whitish exudates, and esophageal strictures/stenosis...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
J H Bird, S Kumar, C Paul, J D Ramsden
BACKGROUND: Caustic ingestion of acid or alkaline substances can cause damage to the upper respiratory and upper digestive tract. Initial presentation following caustic ingestion can include oropharyngeal pain, dysphagia and stridor. It is due to this clinical presentation that the resident otolaryngologist is consulted to review and examine these patients to assess for airway compromise and commence initial management and care until airway concern has passed. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide evidence-based guidance in the management of those presenting with acute ingestion injury so that informed initial medical therapy can be commenced and appropriate investigations are arranged to optimize patient outcome...
June 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Nicolas Audag, Christophe Goubau, Michel Toussaint, Gregory Reychler
AIM: Dysphagia is frequent in paediatric patients with neuromuscular diseases (pNMD). Its detection is important for initiating early diagnosis and treatment as well as for minimizing related complications. The aim of this study was to review the literature on dysphagia screening and evaluation tools in pNMD. METHOD: A systematic review was performed on the basis of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Three databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and ScienceDirect) were searched...
June 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Arlene McCurtin, Chiara Healy
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are assumed to use evidence-based practice to inform treatment decisions. However, the reasoning underpinning treatment selections is not well known. Understanding why SLPs choose the treatments they do may be clarified by exploring the reasoning tied to specific treatments such as dysphagia interventions. METHOD: An electronic survey methodology was utilised. Participants were accessed via the gatekeepers of two national dysphagia special interest groups representing adult and paediatric populations...
February 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Meagan E White, Jacqueline Hunt, Cheraine Connell, Katherine Langdon
CONTEXT: Melioidosis is a rare condition, endemic to northern Australia and south-east Asia, caused by an infection from the bacteria <i>Burkholderia pseudomallei</i>. The largest epidemiological review to date describes 540 cases of melioidosis seen at Darwin Hospital, in northern Australia, over a 20-year period. Of these, 14 (less than 3%) presented with neurological manifestation, with three deaths. Reports of paediatric cases of melioidosis are rarer. In a review of paediatric cases in northern Australia only eight cases were identified in 10 years...
January 2016: Rural and Remote Health
J M Walton, A Darr, A George
Oesophageal foreign bodies (FBs) are commonly encountered in an otolaryngology setting. The majority of such cases remain in the paediatric population, where obtaining an accurate history of events is challenging. Oesophageal FBs present in a variety of ways other than dysphagia, which may result in delayed presentation, diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Where an ingested FB is a battery, early removal is advocated owing to the potential for significant complications, a problem highlighted by a patient safety alert issued by NHS England...
March 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Irene Calvo, Aifric Conway, Filipa Henriques, Margaret Walshe
The aim of this systematic review is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical feeding evaluation (CFE) compared to instrumental assessments in detecting oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) in children. This is important to support clinical decision-making and to provide safe, cost-effective, higher quality care. All published and unpublished studies in all languages assessing the diagnostic accuracy of CFE compared to videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and/or fibre-optic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES) in detecting OPA in paediatric populations were sought...
June 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Olusegun I Alatise, Henry Chineme Anyabolu, Oludayo Sowande, David Akinola
BACKGROUND: Paediatric endoscopy performed by adult gastroenterologists is a service delivery model that increases the access of children to endoscopy in countries where paediatric gastroenterologists with endoscopy skills are scarce. However, studies on the usefulness of this model in Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. We aimed to evaluate the indications, procedures, diagnostic yield and safety of paediatric endoscopy performed by adult gastroenterologists in a Nigerian tertiary health facility...
October 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Jamila Chahed, Mongi Mekki, Amine Ksia, Nehla Kechiche, Saida Hidouri, Trimech Monia Youssef, Lassaad Sahnoun, Imed Krichene, Mohsen Belghith, Abdellatif Nouri
BACKGROUND: Congenital epidermolysis bullosa (CEB) is a rare genodermatosis. The digestive system is very frequently associated with skin manifestations. Pyloric atresia (PA) and oesophageal stenosis (OS) are considered the most serious digestive lesions to occur.The aim of this work is to study the management and the outcome of digestive lesions associated to CEB in four children and to compare our results to the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of four observations: Two cases of PA and two cases of OS associated to CEB managed in the Paediatric Surgery Department of Fattouma Bourguiba Teaching Hospital in Monastir, Tunisia...
October 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
P Rossi, S Isoldi, S Mallardo, G Biscione, S Oliva, D Rossetti, S Lucarelli, S Cucchiara
BACKGROUND: Patients (pts) with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a chronic immune-mediated disorder, may exhibit symptoms of disturbed food transit (i.e. dysphagia, impaction) or mimicking gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). We aimed at characterizing in EoE pts the intra-esophageal pH pattern with 24-h multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII-pH) as well as the esophageal motility with high-resolution manometry (EHRM) METHODS:: during a 30 month period we studied 57 patients (pts), median age 11 years (range: 7-16): 25 with EoE, diagnosed according to widely agreed criteria (JPGN 2014;58:107-18; ESPGHAN guidelines) and 32 with GOR disease (GORD)...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Shajila Singh, Alannah Booth, Fadziso Choto, Jessica Gotlieb, Rebecca Robertson, Gabriella Morris, Nicola Stockley, Katya Mauff
BACKGROUND: Upon graduation, newly qualified speech-language therapists are expected to provide services independently. This study describes new graduates' perceptions of their preparedness to provide services across the scope of the profession and explores associations between perceptions of dysphagia theory and clinical learning curricula with preparedness for adult and paediatric dysphagia service delivery. METHODS: New graduates of six South African universities were recruited to participate in a survey by completing an electronic questionnaire exploring their perceptions of the dysphagia curricula and their preparedness to practise across the scope of the profession of speech-language therapy...
June 18, 2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
Nathalie Rommel, Taher I Omari, Margot Selleslagh, Stamatiki Kritas, Charles Cock, Rachel Rosan, Leonel Rodriguez, Samuel Nurko
UNLABELLED: Pressure-flow analysis allows assessing esophageal bolus transport in relation to esophageal pressures. This study aimed to characterize pressure-flow metrics in relation to dysphagia in paediatric patients. We analysed esophageal pressure-impedance recordings of 5 ml liquid and viscous swallows from 35 children (17 M, mean 10.5 ± 0.8 years). Primary indication for referral was gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (9), post-fundoplication dysphagia (5), idiopathic dysphagia (16), trachea-esophageal fistula (2) and other (3)...
December 2015: European Journal of Pediatrics
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