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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069625/clinical-utility-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-borderline-personality-disorder-differential-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-bfi-scid-ii-pq-and-pid-5
#1
J Christopher Fowler, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, Michelle Patriquin, Carla Sharp, John M Oldham, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: With the publication of DSM 5 alternative model for personality disorders it is critical to assess the components of the model against evidence-based models such as the five factor model and the DSM-IV-TR categorical model. This study explored the relative clinical utility of these models in screening for borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Receiver operator characteristics and diagnostic efficiency statistics were calculated for three personality measures to ascertain the relative diagnostic efficiency of each measure...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033802/the-neurobiological-mechanism-of-chemical-aversion-emetic-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-an-fmri-study
#2
Ralph L Elkins, Todd L Richards, Robert Nielsen, Richard Repass, Henriettae Stahlbrandt, Hunter G Hoffman
A recent NIH epidemiology study found the lifetime prevalence of alcohol use disorder in the United States to be 29%. Alcohol drinking behavior is strongly "learned" via pleasure center activation/reinforcement. Alcohol craving is a powerful desire to drink alcoholic beverages. Craving was added as one of the defining criteria for alcohol use disorder in DSM5, and craving reduction is becoming an increasingly important treatment goal. In the current study, patients with alcohol use disorder received 10 days of inpatient multi-modal treatments at Schick Shadel Hospital (SSH) of Seattle...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976443/research-on-somatization-and-somatic-symptom-disorders-ars-longa-vita-brevis
#3
Joel E Dimsdale
The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition defines somatic symptom and related disorders as long-standing somatic symptoms that are associated with disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, irrespective of whether or not a medical cause for these symptoms can be determined. In this Special Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, several articles address diagnostic issues and the central nervous system correlates of somatic symptom and related disorder and document new developments in its treatment...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969356/a-transdiagnostic-review-of-negative-symptom-phenomenology-and-etiology
#4
Gregory P Strauss, Alex S Cohen
In the DSM5, negative symptoms are 1 of the 5 core dimensions of psychopathology evaluated for schizophrenia. However, negative symptoms are not pathognomonic-they are also part of the diagnostic criteria for other schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, disorders that sometimes have comorbid psychosis, diagnoses not in the schizophrenia-spectrum, and the general "nonclinical" population. Although etiological models of negative symptoms have been developed for chronic schizophrenia, there has been little attention given to whether these models have transdiagnostic applicability...
July 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965364/bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Wim Verbeeck, Geertruida E Bekkering, Wim Van den Noortgate, Cornelis Kramers
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD, not all adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763736/schizophrenia-dissection-by-five-anxiety-and-depressive-subtype-comorbidities-clinical-implications-and-evolutionary-perspective
#6
André B Veras, Simone Cougo, Fernanda Meira, Clayton Peixoto, Jorge A Barros, Antonio E Nardi, Dolores Malaspina, Michael Poyurovsky, Jeffrey P Kahn
Twenty patients with DSM5 schizophrenia were comprehensively and formally assessed by an experienced psychiatrist. All subjects were assessed for: positive and negative psychotic symptoms; social anxiety; panic anxiety; obsessive compulsive disorder, atypical depression; major depression; suicide risk; and global assessment of functioning. Different profiles of clinical presentation and symptom evolution emerged for patients with schizophrenia who had co-morbid depression (15%), OCD (15%), panic or limited symptom attacks (55%) and social anxiety (5%)...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689498/the-slow-death-of-the-concept-of-schizophrenia-and-the-painful-birth-of-the-psychosis-spectrum
#7
S Guloksuz, J van Os
The concept of schizophrenia only covers the 30% poor outcome fraction of a much broader multidimensional psychotic syndrome, yet paradoxically has become the dominant prism through which everything 'psychotic' is observed, even affective states with mild psychosis labelled 'ultra-high risk' (for schizophrenia). The inability of psychiatry to frame psychosis as multidimensional syndromal variation of largely unpredictable course and outcome - within and between individuals - hampers research and recovery-oriented practice...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604808/a-korean-validation-study-of-the-clinically-useful-anxiety-outcome-scale-comorbidity-and-differentiation-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#8
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Seoyoung Yoon, Chi-Un Pae, Joonho Choi, Jae-Min Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Hoseon Lee, Ashwin A Patkar, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Clinically Useful Anxiety Outcome Scale (CUXOS) and to examine the current diagnostic comorbidity and differential severity of anxiety symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders. METHODOLOGY: In total, 838 psychiatric outpatients were analyzed at their intake appointment. Diagnostic characteristics were examined using the structured clinical interview from the DSM-IV because the DSM5 was not available at the start of the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#9
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254549/assessing-the-factorial-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-ptsd-by-gender-and-ethnic-groups-in-sri-lanka-an-analysis-of-the-modified-harvard-trauma-questionnaire-htq
#10
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) remains the most widely used screening measure for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the refugee and post-conflict field. The present study is the first to test the factorial structure and measurement invariance of the HTQ according to DSM-5 criteria across gender and ethnic groups in the ethnically diverse society of post-conflict Sri Lanka. The survey sample included 5136 participants (86% response rate) followed up 12 months after a baseline nationally representative survey undertaken in Sri Lanka in 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186315/sleep-study-in-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-bipolar-children
#11
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, María J Bleda-Hernández, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Elena Pujals-Altes, María T Nascimento-Osorio, Luís M Martín-López, Enric Álvarez-Martínez, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Soledad Romero-Cela
INTRODUCTION: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. METHOD: Polysomnographic cross-sectional study of children with DMDD, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124571/the-dsm5-rdoc-debate-on-the-future-of-mental-health-research-implication-for-studies-on-human-stress-and-presentation-of-the-signature-bank
#12
S J Lupien, M Sasseville, N François, C E Giguère, J Boissonneault, P Plusquellec, R Godbout, L Xiong, S Potvin, E Kouassi, A Lesage
In 2008, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) announced that in the next few decades, it will be essential to study the various biological, psychological and social "signatures" of mental disorders. Along with this new "signature" approach to mental health disorders, modifications of DSM were introduced. One major modification consisted of incorporating a dimensional approach to mental disorders, which involved analyzing, using a transnosological approach, various factors that are commonly observed across different types of mental disorders...
January 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994834/lady-with-erotic-preference-for-diapers
#13
Zack Cernovsky, Yves Bureau
A patient in her 20s was referred to us for psychological assessment due to her depression and suicide attempts. She mentioned being anorgasmic except when diapered and emphasized her erotic preference for diapers. Her childhood included maternal deprivation in an impecunious family headed by an irritable physically disabled father on social assistance. Given the maternal deprivation in childhood, her erotic fixation on diapers parallels the emotional attachment to diapers observed by Harlow in mother deprived infant monkeys...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969074/assessing-catatonia-using-four-different-instruments-inter-rater-reliability-and-prevalence-in-inpatient-clinical-population
#14
Siddharth Sarkar, Sreekanth Sakey, Kaliaperumal Mathan, Balaji Bharadwaj, Shivanand Kattimani, Ravi P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study aimed to assess inter-rater reliability and prevalence of catatonia according to four diagnostic methods: Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) both screening and complete scale, Braunig's Catatonia Rating Scale (CRS), ICD 10 and DSM5. METHODS: For inter-rater reliability, different raters evaluated patients using the definitions provides by the four scales: BFCRS Screen and Total, CRS, ICD10 and DSM5. Kippendorff'α was used to compute the inter-rater reliability...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843483/human-rights-of-asylum-seekers-with-psychosocial-disabilities-in-europe
#15
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Antonio Preti, Jutta Lindert, Dinesh Bhugra, Mattias Angermeyer, Marcello Vellante
BACKGROUND: The migrants crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe have dramatically been increased in 2015 as the number of incidents and deaths. OBJECTIVE: This editorial summarizes the results of our work and highlights some critical aspects that hinder the care to asylum seekers with stress disorders. METHOD: Screening for mental disorders was performed in all migrants joint three camps in Sardinia (January-September 2015) using K6, Short Screening Scale for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and with an interview...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604989/the-social-responsiveness-scale-in-relation-to-dsm-iv-and-dsm5-asd-in-korean-children
#16
Keun-Ah Cheon, Jee-In Park, Yun-Joo Koh, Jungeun Song, Hyun-Joo Hong, Young-Kee Kim, Eun-Chung Lim, Hojang Kwon, Mina Ha, Myung-Ho Lim, Ki-Chung Paik, John N Constantino, Bennett Leventhal, Young Shin Kim
The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is an autism rating scales in widespread use, with over 20 official foreign language translations. It has proven highly feasible for quantitative ascertainment of autistic social impairment in public health settings, however, little is known about the validity of the reinforcement in Asia populations or in references to DSM5. The current study aims to evaluate psychometric properties and cross-cultural aspects of the SRS-Korean version (K-SRS).The study subjects were ascertained from three samples: a general sample from 3 regular education elementary schools (n=790), a clinical sample (n=154) of 6-12-year-olds from four psychiatric clinics, and an epidemiological sample of children with ASD, diagnosed using both DSM IV PDD, DSM5 ASD and SCD criteria (n=151)...
September 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305100/the-dimensionality-of-dsm5-alcohol-use-disorder-in-puerto-rico
#17
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Katyana Santiago, Glorisa Canino
AIMS TO: Test the dimensionality and measurement properties of lifetime DSM-5 AUD criteria in a sample of adults from the metropolitan area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with survey data collected in 2013-2014. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: Random household sample of the adult population 18 to 64years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico (N=1510; lifetime drinker N=1107). MEASUREMENT: DSM-5 alcohol use disorder (2 or more criteria present in 12months)...
November 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238913/preclinical-models-of-conduct-disorder-principles-and-pharmacologic-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Jozsef Haller
The translational value of preclinical research was recently enhanced by abnormal aggression models, which focus on deviant behaviors induced by the exposure of rodents to etiological factors of aggression-related psychopathologies. Prompted by similar trials in other psychiatric disorders, here we investigate models of abnormal aggression from the perspective of DSM5 criteria. After proposing principles based on which analogies can be established between psychopathology symptoms and rodent behavioral dysfunctions, we show that rodents submitted to abnormal aggression models fulfill basic criteria of aggression-related psychopathologies; moreover, some models can be considered specific to particular disorders e...
May 26, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137410/behavioral-measures-of-risk-tasking-sensation-seeking-and-sensitivity-to-reward-may-reflect-different-motivations-for-spicy-food-liking-and-consumption
#19
Nadia K Byrnes, John E Hayes
Based on work a quarter century ago, it is widely accepted personality traits like sensation seeking are related to the enjoyment and intake of spicy foods; however, data supporting this belief is actually quite limited. Recently, we reported strong to moderate correlations between remembered spicy food liking and two personality traits measured with validated questionnaires. Here, participants consumed capsaicin-containing strawberry jelly to generate acute estimates of spicy food liking. Additionally, we used a laboratory-based behavioral measure of risk taking (the mobile Balloon Analogue Risk Task; mBART) to complement a range of validated self-report measures of risk-related personality traits...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685927/conversion-to-dementia-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-diagnosed-with-dsm-5-criteria-and-with-petersen-s-criteria
#20
G Marcos, J Santabárbara, R Lopez-Anton, C De-la-Cámara, P Gracia-García, E Lobo, G Pírez, J M Menchón, T Palomo, B C M Stephan, C Brayne, A Lobo
OBJECTIVE: In a background of revision of criteria for states of increased risk for progression to dementia, we compare the conversion rate to dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as diagnosed using DSM-5 (DSM-5-MCI) and Petersen's (P-MCI) criteria. METHOD: A population representative cohort of 4057 dementia-free individuals 55+ years of age was followed up at 2.5 and 4.5 years in Zaragoza, Spain (ZARADEMP). Using the Geriatric Mental State- AGECAT for assessment, research psychiatrists diagnosed DSM-5-MCI and P-MCI following operationalized criteria...
May 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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