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Keun-Ah Cheon, Jee-In Park, Yun-Joo Koh, Jungeun Song, Hyun-Joo Hong, Young-Kee Kim, Eun-Chung Lim, Hojang Kwon, Mina Ha, Myung-Ho Lim, Ki-Chung Paik, John N Constantino, Bennett Leventhal, Young Shin Kim
The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is an autism rating scales in widespread use, with over 20 official foreign language translations. It has proven highly feasible for quantitative ascertainment of autistic social impairment in public health settings, however, little is known about the validity of the reinforcement in Asia populations or in references to DSM5. The current study aims to evaluate psychometric properties and cross-cultural aspects of the SRS-Korean version (K-SRS).The study subjects were ascertained from three samples: a general sample from 3 regular education elementary schools (n=790), a clinical sample (n=154) of 6-12-year-olds from four psychiatric clinics, and an epidemiological sample of children with ASD, diagnosed using both DSM IV PDD, DSM5 ASD and SCD criteria (n=151)...
September 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Katyana Santiago, Glorisa Canino
AIMS TO: Test the dimensionality and measurement properties of lifetime DSM-5 AUD criteria in a sample of adults from the metropolitan area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with survey data collected in 2013-2014. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: Random household sample of the adult population 18 to 64years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico (N=1510; lifetime drinker N=1107). MEASUREMENT: DSM-5 alcohol use disorder (2 or more criteria present in 12months)...
November 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Jozsef Haller
The translational value of preclinical research was recently enhanced by abnormal aggression models, which focus on deviant behaviors induced by the exposure of rodents to etiological factors of aggression-related psychopathologies. Prompted by similar trials in other psychiatric disorders, here we investigate models of abnormal aggression from the perspective of DSM5 criteria. After proposing principles based on which analogies can be established between psychopathology symptoms and rodent behavioral dysfunctions, we show that rodents submitted to abnormal aggression models fulfill basic criteria of aggression-related psychopathologies; moreover, some models can be considered specific to particular disorders e...
May 26, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Nadia K Byrnes, John E Hayes
Based on work a quarter century ago, it is widely accepted personality traits like sensation seeking are related to the enjoyment and intake of spicy foods; however, data supporting this belief is actually quite limited. Recently, we reported strong to moderate correlations between remembered spicy food liking and two personality traits measured with validated questionnaires. Here, participants consumed capsaicin-containing strawberry jelly to generate acute estimates of spicy food liking. Additionally, we used a laboratory-based behavioral measure of risk taking (the mobile Balloon Analogue Risk Task; mBART) to complement a range of validated self-report measures of risk-related personality traits...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
G Marcos, J Santabárbara, R Lopez-Anton, C De-la-Cámara, P Gracia-García, E Lobo, G Pírez, J M Menchón, T Palomo, B C M Stephan, C Brayne, A Lobo
OBJECTIVE: In a background of revision of criteria for states of increased risk for progression to dementia, we compare the conversion rate to dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as diagnosed using DSM-5 (DSM-5-MCI) and Petersen's (P-MCI) criteria. METHOD: A population representative cohort of 4057 dementia-free individuals 55+ years of age was followed up at 2.5 and 4.5 years in Zaragoza, Spain (ZARADEMP). Using the Geriatric Mental State- AGECAT for assessment, research psychiatrists diagnosed DSM-5-MCI and P-MCI following operationalized criteria...
May 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Rafael C Freire, Morena M Zugliani, Rafael F Garcia, Antonio E Nardi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of panic disorder (PD) in the population is high and these patients have work impairment, high unemployment rates, seek medical treatment more frequently and have more hospitalizations than people without panic symptoms. Despite the availability of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments, approximately one-third of all PD patients have persistent panic attacks and other PD symptoms after treatment. AREAS COVERED: MEDLINE/Pubmed, CENTRAL, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases were searched for clinical trials in treatment-resistant PD...
2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Eylem Özten, Sermin Kesebir, Gül Eryılmaz, Nevzat Tarhan, Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to compare uric acid plasma levels in patients with unipolar depression between those with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity and those without. Our hypothesis is that uric acid plasma levels may be higher in unipolar depressive patients with adult ADHD than without ADHD. METHODS: Sixty four patients diagnosed with MDD were investigated, among which 28 patients had been diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM5...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nuria de la Osa, Roser Granero, Esther Trepat, Josep Maria Domenech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
This paper studies the discriminative capacity of CBCL/1½-5 (Manual for the ASEBA Preschool-Age Forms & Profiles, University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families, Burlington, 2000) DSM5 scales attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety and depressive problems for detecting the presence of DSM5 (DSM5 diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, APA, Arlington, 2013) disorders, ADHD, ODD, Anxiety and Mood disorders, assessed through diagnostic interview, in children aged 3-5...
January 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Piergiuseppe Vinai, Annalisa Da Ros, Maurizio Speciale, Nicola Gentile, Anna Tagliabue, Paolo Vinai, Cecilia Bruno, Luisa Vinai, Stacia Studt, Silvia Cardetti
UNLABELLED: We evaluate whether there are any significant differences in psychopathology between severe obese patients affected by Binge Eating Disorder diagnosed following both the DSM IV TR and the DSM5 criteria, and severe obese patients not having an eating disorder. METHOD: 118 severe obese patients seeking treatment at a center for bariatric surgery in northern Italy were asked to take part in the current study for a period of six months. Average participant age was 44...
January 2015: Eating Behaviors
Roseann C Schaaf, Alison E Lane
Sensory difficulties are a commonly occurring feature of autism spectrum disorders and are now included as one manifestation of the 'restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities' diagnostic criteria of the DSM5 necessitating guidelines for comprehensive assessment of these features. To facilitate the development of such guidelines, this paper provides an overview of the literature on sensory features in autism spectrum disorder. We summarize the literature pertaining to: terminology, current assessment practices, sensory development, and the relationship of sensory features to core symptoms of autism...
May 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Bruno Estour, Bogdan Galusca, Natacha Germain
Clinical and biological aspects of restrictive anorexia nervosa (R-AN) are well documented. More than 10,000 articles since 1911 and more than 600 in 2013 have addressed R-AN psychiatric, somatic, and biological aspects. Genetic background, ineffectiveness of appetite regulating hormones on refeeding process, bone loss, and place of amenorrhea in the definition are widely discussed and reviewed. Oppositely, constitutional thinness (CT) is an almost unknown entity. Only 32 articles have been published on this topic since 1953...
2014: Frontiers in Endocrinology
H Nakayama, S Mihara, H Sakuma, D Kitamura, S Higuchi
Internet technologies have made rapid progress, bringing convenience to our daily life. On the other hand, Internet overuse (IOU) and Internet addiction (IA) have reportedly become serious health and social problems across the globe. Recently Internet gaming disorder criteria have been proposed in the section of Conditions for Further Study of DSM5. Many surveys have reported that many IOU & IA patients have contracted other mental disorders and exhibit some psychiatric and physical symptoms (e.g., weight loss, reduced ability to exercise, nutrition disorder)...
September 2014: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Alison M Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Stephanie M Manasse, Nandini Datta, Megan Klabunde, Danielle Colborn, Vandana Aspen, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Zandre Labuschagne, Daniel Le Grange, James Lock
BACKGROUND: Weak central coherence-a tendency to process details at the expense of the gestalt-has been observed among adults with bulimia nervosa (BN) and is a potential candidate endophenotype for eating disorders (EDs). However, as BN behaviors typically onset during adolescence it is important to assess central coherence in this younger age group to determine whether the findings in adults are likely a result of BN or present earlier in the evolution of the disorder. This study examines whether the detail-oriented and fragmented cognitive inefficiency observed among adults with BN is observable among adolescents with shorter illness duration, relative to healthy controls...
July 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Andreas Birgegård, Gaby Groß, Joakim de Man Lapidoth, Claes Norring
The upcoming DSM5 will impact clinical work and research substantially, and we here point to a few problems that may have been overlooked. These concern inconsistencies and lack of clarity, and the future "not elsewhere classified" atypical anorexia nervosa category. We propose solutions in the form of working definitions and operationalizations to facilitate clinical implementation as well as streamline research.
2013: Journal of Eating Disorders
R Lopez-Anton, J Santabárbara, C De-la-Cámara, P Gracia-García, E Lobo, G Marcos, G Pirez, P Saz, J M Haro, L Rodríguez-Mañas, P J Modrego, M E Dewey, A Lobo
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as diagnosed using DSM-5 criteria (DSM5-MCI) with MCI as diagnosed using Petersen's criteria (P-MCI) and to explore the association of both with non-cognitive psychopathological symptoms (NCPS). METHOD: A two-phase epidemiological screening was implemented in a population-based sample of individuals aged 55+ (n = 4803). The Geriatric Mental State (GMS) was the main psychopathological instrument used, and AGECAT was used to make psychiatric diagnoses...
January 2015: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Aaron L Pincus
Comments on an article by Krueger (see record 2013-45025-008). Pincus thanks Krueger for sharing his candid, highly informative views on the process and outcome of the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association; APA, 2013) Personality Disorder (PD) Work Group. As an "outsider," Pincus identifies with Krueger's descriptions of the scholarly anxiety evoked by following the unfolding process via the dsm5 .org Web site. In the end, however, Pincus thinks Section III is the right place for the proposal. He feels that its developmental process was more ambitious, but also more circuitous, than other revision efforts...
October 2013: Personality Disorders
Juan Garcia-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to illustrate the concept of transient mental illness (TMI) as defined by Ian Hacking by way of two texts: Sybil by Flora Rhetta Schreiber and The Adventures of Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes. CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric symptoms tend to follow, in varying degrees, a pre-determined script resulting from a collaborative effort between patient and therapist. They both work in a historical and cultural environment that supports and supplies the background and general lines of the script...
February 2014: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
D Kingdon, L Taylor, K Ma, Y Kinoshita
Names matter! Schizophrenia has negative associations which impede individual recovery and induce societal and self-stigmatization. Alternatives have been proposed and are worthy of debate; changes made in Japan have generally been considered successful. The group of 'schizophrenia and other psychoses' could be further differentiated based on the major social factors identified, i.e. drug misuse and the effects of severe childhood trauma. The use of appropriate International Classification of Diseases (ICD) coding and definitions could usefully differentiate these groups - the former is a drug-induced psychosis and the latter frequently presents as comorbid schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder (often attracting a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder)...
December 2013: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Joel E Dimsdale, Francis Creed, Javier Escobar, Michael Sharpe, Lawson Wulsin, Arthur Barsky, Sing Lee, Michael R Irwin, James Levenson
This paper describes the rationale for the new diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder (SSD) within DSM5. SSD represents a consolidation of a number of previously listed diagnoses. It deemphasizes the centrality of medically unexplained symptoms and defines the disorder on the basis of persistent somatic symptoms associated with disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to these symptoms. Data are presented concerning reliability, validity, and prevalence of SSD, as well as tasks for future research, education, and clinical practice...
September 2013: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Joshua D Miller, Lauren R Few, Lauren Wilson, Brittany Gentile, Thomas A Widiger, James Mackillop, W Keith Campbell
The five-factor narcissism inventory (FFNI) is a new self-report measure that was developed to assess traits associated with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), as well as grandiose and vulnerable narcissism from a five-factor model (FFM) perspective. In the current study, the FFNI was examined in relation to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) NPD, DSM-5 ( NPD traits, grandiose narcissism, and vulnerable narcissism in both community (N = 287) and clinical samples (N = 98)...
September 2013: Psychological Assessment
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