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Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) remains the most widely used screening measure for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the refugee and post-conflict field. The present study is the first to test the factorial structure and measurement invariance of the HTQ according to DSM-5 criteria across gender and ethnic groups in the ethnically diverse society of post-conflict Sri Lanka. The survey sample included 5136 participants (86% response rate) followed up 12 months after a baseline nationally representative survey undertaken in Sri Lanka in 2014...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, María J Bleda-Hernández, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Elena Pujals-Altes, María T Nascimento-Osorio, Luís M Martín-López, Enric Álvarez-Martínez, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Soledad Romero-Cela
INTRODUCTION: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. METHOD: Polysomnographic cross-sectional study of children with DMDD, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
S J Lupien, M Sasseville, N François, C E Giguère, J Boissonneault, P Plusquellec, R Godbout, L Xiong, S Potvin, E Kouassi, A Lesage
In 2008, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) announced that in the next few decades, it will be essential to study the various biological, psychological and social "signatures" of mental disorders. Along with this new "signature" approach to mental health disorders, modifications of DSM were introduced. One major modification consisted of incorporating a dimensional approach to mental disorders, which involved analyzing, using a transnosological approach, various factors that are commonly observed across different types of mental disorders...
January 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Zack Cernovsky, Yves Bureau
A patient in her 20s was referred to us for psychological assessment due to her depression and suicide attempts. She mentioned being anorgasmic except when diapered and emphasized her erotic preference for diapers. Her childhood included maternal deprivation in an impecunious family headed by an irritable physically disabled father on social assistance. Given the maternal deprivation in childhood, her erotic fixation on diapers parallels the emotional attachment to diapers observed by Harlow in mother deprived infant monkeys...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
Siddharth Sarkar, Sreekanth Sakey, Kaliaperumal Mathan, Balaji Bharadwaj, Shivanand Kattimani, Ravi P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study aimed to assess inter-rater reliability and prevalence of catatonia according to four diagnostic methods: Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) both screening and complete scale, Braunig's Catatonia Rating Scale (CRS), ICD 10 and DSM5. METHODS: For inter-rater reliability, different raters evaluated patients using the definitions provides by the four scales: BFCRS Screen and Total, CRS, ICD10 and DSM5. Kippendorff'α was used to compute the inter-rater reliability...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Antonio Preti, Jutta Lindert, Dinesh Bhugra, Mattias Angermeyer, Marcello Vellante
BACKGROUND: The migrants crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe have dramatically been increased in 2015 as the number of incidents and deaths. OBJECTIVE: This editorial summarizes the results of our work and highlights some critical aspects that hinder the care to asylum seekers with stress disorders. METHOD: Screening for mental disorders was performed in all migrants joint three camps in Sardinia (January-September 2015) using K6, Short Screening Scale for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and with an interview...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Keun-Ah Cheon, Jee-In Park, Yun-Joo Koh, Jungeun Song, Hyun-Joo Hong, Young-Kee Kim, Eun-Chung Lim, Hojang Kwon, Mina Ha, Myung-Ho Lim, Ki-Chung Paik, John N Constantino, Bennett Leventhal, Young Shin Kim
The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is an autism rating scales in widespread use, with over 20 official foreign language translations. It has proven highly feasible for quantitative ascertainment of autistic social impairment in public health settings, however, little is known about the validity of the reinforcement in Asia populations or in references to DSM5. The current study aims to evaluate psychometric properties and cross-cultural aspects of the SRS-Korean version (K-SRS).The study subjects were ascertained from three samples: a general sample from 3 regular education elementary schools (n=790), a clinical sample (n=154) of 6-12-year-olds from four psychiatric clinics, and an epidemiological sample of children with ASD, diagnosed using both DSM IV PDD, DSM5 ASD and SCD criteria (n=151)...
September 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Katyana Santiago, Glorisa Canino
AIMS TO: Test the dimensionality and measurement properties of lifetime DSM-5 AUD criteria in a sample of adults from the metropolitan area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with survey data collected in 2013-2014. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: Random household sample of the adult population 18 to 64years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico (N=1510; lifetime drinker N=1107). MEASUREMENT: DSM-5 alcohol use disorder (2 or more criteria present in 12months)...
November 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Jozsef Haller
The translational value of preclinical research was recently enhanced by abnormal aggression models, which focus on deviant behaviors induced by the exposure of rodents to etiological factors of aggression-related psychopathologies. Prompted by similar trials in other psychiatric disorders, here we investigate models of abnormal aggression from the perspective of DSM5 criteria. After proposing principles based on which analogies can be established between psychopathology symptoms and rodent behavioral dysfunctions, we show that rodents submitted to abnormal aggression models fulfill basic criteria of aggression-related psychopathologies; moreover, some models can be considered specific to particular disorders e...
May 26, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Nadia K Byrnes, John E Hayes
Based on work a quarter century ago, it is widely accepted personality traits like sensation seeking are related to the enjoyment and intake of spicy foods; however, data supporting this belief is actually quite limited. Recently, we reported strong to moderate correlations between remembered spicy food liking and two personality traits measured with validated questionnaires. Here, participants consumed capsaicin-containing strawberry jelly to generate acute estimates of spicy food liking. Additionally, we used a laboratory-based behavioral measure of risk taking (the mobile Balloon Analogue Risk Task; mBART) to complement a range of validated self-report measures of risk-related personality traits...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
G Marcos, J Santabárbara, R Lopez-Anton, C De-la-Cámara, P Gracia-García, E Lobo, G Pírez, J M Menchón, T Palomo, B C M Stephan, C Brayne, A Lobo
OBJECTIVE: In a background of revision of criteria for states of increased risk for progression to dementia, we compare the conversion rate to dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as diagnosed using DSM-5 (DSM-5-MCI) and Petersen's (P-MCI) criteria. METHOD: A population representative cohort of 4057 dementia-free individuals 55+ years of age was followed up at 2.5 and 4.5 years in Zaragoza, Spain (ZARADEMP). Using the Geriatric Mental State- AGECAT for assessment, research psychiatrists diagnosed DSM-5-MCI and P-MCI following operationalized criteria...
May 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Rafael C Freire, Morena M Zugliani, Rafael F Garcia, Antonio E Nardi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of panic disorder (PD) in the population is high and these patients have work impairment, high unemployment rates, seek medical treatment more frequently and have more hospitalizations than people without panic symptoms. Despite the availability of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments, approximately one-third of all PD patients have persistent panic attacks and other PD symptoms after treatment. AREAS COVERED: MEDLINE/Pubmed, CENTRAL, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases were searched for clinical trials in treatment-resistant PD...
2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Eylem Özten, Sermin Kesebir, Gül Eryılmaz, Nevzat Tarhan, Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to compare uric acid plasma levels in patients with unipolar depression between those with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity and those without. Our hypothesis is that uric acid plasma levels may be higher in unipolar depressive patients with adult ADHD than without ADHD. METHODS: Sixty four patients diagnosed with MDD were investigated, among which 28 patients had been diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM5...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nuria de la Osa, Roser Granero, Esther Trepat, Josep Maria Domenech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
This paper studies the discriminative capacity of CBCL/1½-5 (Manual for the ASEBA Preschool-Age Forms & Profiles, University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families, Burlington, 2000) DSM5 scales attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety and depressive problems for detecting the presence of DSM5 (DSM5 diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, APA, Arlington, 2013) disorders, ADHD, ODD, Anxiety and Mood disorders, assessed through diagnostic interview, in children aged 3-5...
January 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Piergiuseppe Vinai, Annalisa Da Ros, Maurizio Speciale, Nicola Gentile, Anna Tagliabue, Paolo Vinai, Cecilia Bruno, Luisa Vinai, Stacia Studt, Silvia Cardetti
UNLABELLED: We evaluate whether there are any significant differences in psychopathology between severe obese patients affected by Binge Eating Disorder diagnosed following both the DSM IV TR and the DSM5 criteria, and severe obese patients not having an eating disorder. METHOD: 118 severe obese patients seeking treatment at a center for bariatric surgery in northern Italy were asked to take part in the current study for a period of six months. Average participant age was 44...
January 2015: Eating Behaviors
Roseann C Schaaf, Alison E Lane
Sensory difficulties are a commonly occurring feature of autism spectrum disorders and are now included as one manifestation of the 'restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities' diagnostic criteria of the DSM5 necessitating guidelines for comprehensive assessment of these features. To facilitate the development of such guidelines, this paper provides an overview of the literature on sensory features in autism spectrum disorder. We summarize the literature pertaining to: terminology, current assessment practices, sensory development, and the relationship of sensory features to core symptoms of autism...
May 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Bruno Estour, Bogdan Galusca, Natacha Germain
Clinical and biological aspects of restrictive anorexia nervosa (R-AN) are well documented. More than 10,000 articles since 1911 and more than 600 in 2013 have addressed R-AN psychiatric, somatic, and biological aspects. Genetic background, ineffectiveness of appetite regulating hormones on refeeding process, bone loss, and place of amenorrhea in the definition are widely discussed and reviewed. Oppositely, constitutional thinness (CT) is an almost unknown entity. Only 32 articles have been published on this topic since 1953...
2014: Frontiers in Endocrinology
H Nakayama, S Mihara, H Sakuma, D Kitamura, S Higuchi
Internet technologies have made rapid progress, bringing convenience to our daily life. On the other hand, Internet overuse (IOU) and Internet addiction (IA) have reportedly become serious health and social problems across the globe. Recently Internet gaming disorder criteria have been proposed in the section of Conditions for Further Study of DSM5. Many surveys have reported that many IOU & IA patients have contracted other mental disorders and exhibit some psychiatric and physical symptoms (e.g., weight loss, reduced ability to exercise, nutrition disorder)...
September 2014: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Alison M Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Stephanie M Manasse, Nandini Datta, Megan Klabunde, Danielle Colborn, Vandana Aspen, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Zandre Labuschagne, Daniel Le Grange, James Lock
BACKGROUND: Weak central coherence-a tendency to process details at the expense of the gestalt-has been observed among adults with bulimia nervosa (BN) and is a potential candidate endophenotype for eating disorders (EDs). However, as BN behaviors typically onset during adolescence it is important to assess central coherence in this younger age group to determine whether the findings in adults are likely a result of BN or present earlier in the evolution of the disorder. This study examines whether the detail-oriented and fragmented cognitive inefficiency observed among adults with BN is observable among adolescents with shorter illness duration, relative to healthy controls...
July 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Andreas Birgegård, Gaby Groß, Joakim de Man Lapidoth, Claes Norring
The upcoming DSM5 will impact clinical work and research substantially, and we here point to a few problems that may have been overlooked. These concern inconsistencies and lack of clarity, and the future "not elsewhere classified" atypical anorexia nervosa category. We propose solutions in the form of working definitions and operationalizations to facilitate clinical implementation as well as streamline research.
2013: Journal of Eating Disorders
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