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Obstetrics and gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346664/a-cross-sectional-comparison-of-three-guidelines-for-intrapartum-cardiotocography
#1
Meena Bhatia, Kamal R Mahtani, David Nunan, Aparna Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiotocography classification systems outlined by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) in 2015 and the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in 2007 and 2014. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study of cardiotocography practices at a UK hospital was conducted among labor ward staff (n=21) from November 1 to November 31, 2015. All observers classified ten cardiotocography traces according to the three guidelines using a bespoke form...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#2
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343229/cytological-findings-of-ascitic-fluid-with-a-malignant-ovarian-steroid-cell-tumor-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Nobuaki Kosaka, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Kaori Kiuchi, Shoko Ochiai, Tamiko Nagai, Hiromi Machida, Yasuo Imai, Ichio Fukasawa
BACKGROUND: Ovarian steroid cell tumors (SCTs) are rare and usually benign, although 25-43% are reportedly malignant. The cytologic findings of these rare ovarian tumors have almost never been reported. CASE: We report a rare case of a malignant ovarian SCT with peritoneal dissemination and malignant ascites in a 40-year-old woman. Her tumor was classified as stage IIB (pT2bNoM0) according to the FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) classification system, and she was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy following staging laparotomy...
March 25, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342438/-use-of-the-term-%C3%A2-pre-embryo%C3%A2-in-the-biomedical-literature-from-its-origin-to-the-present
#4
Modesto Ferrer Colomer, Luis Miguel Pastor
In this article, we present a review about the use of the term ″preembryo″ in the scientific literature as well as Bioethics from its origin, back in June 1979, to the end of the year 2014. We analyze their evolution along the time comparing with other terms commonly used in embryology. Also, we show the relevant journals in which this term appears, (offering the impact index within their specific field), and the authors who use it the most. The term ″preembryo″ arose in the scientific literature in 1979, remaining for about 6 years without reappearing in the scientific literature...
January 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337935/a-novel-approach-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-gastroschisis-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-single-center-experience
#5
Vito Briganti, Daniela Luvero, Caterina Gulia, Roberto Piergentili, Simona Zaami, Elsa Laura Buffone, Cristina Vallone, Roberto Angioli, Claudio Giorlandino, Fabrizio Signore
Gastroschisis is a congenital abdominal wall defect and its management remains an issue. We performed a review of the literature to summarize its evaluation, management and outcome and we describe a new type of surgical reduction performed in our center without anesthesia (GA), immediately after birth, in the delivery room. Between January 2002 and March 2013, we enrolled all live born infants with gastroschisis referred to the third level Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology "San Camillo" of Rome.Two groups of infants were identified: group 1 in which gastroschis reduction was performed by the traditional technique and group 2 in which reduction was immediately performed after birth in the delivery room without GA...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337930/an-evaluation-of-two-different-screening-criteria-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
M Tonguc, A T Tayyar, I Muderris, F Bayram, S Muhtaroglu, M Tayyar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify the gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence difference according to American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria and International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria for 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS: This study was conducted at Erciyes University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. A total of 320 pregnant who met the criteria were included in the study and 75 g OGTT was applied...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337594/diagnostic-accuracy-of-high-risk-hpv-dna-genotyping-for-primary-cervical-cancer-screening-and-triage-of-hpv-positive-women-compared-to-cytology-preliminary-results-of-the-pipavir-study
#7
Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Theodoros Moysiadis, Eleftherios Angelis, Andreas Kaufmann, Alkmini Skenderi, Pidder Jansen-Duerr, Irini Lekka, Vasilis Kilintzis, Stamatia Angelidou, Evangelia Katsiki, Ingke Hagemann, Athena Tsertanidou, Isabel Koch, Oliver Boecher, Erwin Soutschek, Nikolaos Maglaveras, Theodoros Agorastos
PURPOSE: The purpose of the presented PIPAVIR (persistent infections with human papillomaviruses; http://www.pipavir.com ) subanalysis is to assess the performance of high-risk (hr) HPV-DNA genotyping as a method of primary cervical cancer screening and triage of HPV positive women to colposcopy compared to liquid-based cytology (LBC) in an urban female population. METHODS: Women, aged 30-60, provided cervicovaginal samples at the Family-Planning Centre, Hippokratio Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece, and the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Mare Klinikum, Kiel, Germany...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333846/prognostic-value-of-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-of-bone-marrow-on-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-prediction-of-disease-progression-in-cervical-cancer
#8
Jeong Won Lee, Seob Jeon, Seong Taek Mun, Sang Mi Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography in patients with uterine cervical cancer. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients with cervical cancer who underwent staging FDG PET/computed tomography and subsequent surgical resection or chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Mean BM FDG uptake (BM standardized uptake value [SUV]) and BM-to-liver uptake ratio of FDG uptake (BLR) were measured...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333808/table-of-contents-for-online-material-in-the-april-2017-issue
#9
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts or summaries of online content are printed in every issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology in this section. The complete documents can be found on our website, www.greenjournal.org. The specific URL for the content in this section is printed at the end of the abstract or summary.
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332182/status-update-on-women-s-reproductive-health-care-and-obstetrics-gynecology-postgraduate-training-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#10
Rachel Chan Seay, A P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, Clark T Johnson, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
Academic partnerships can help to expand the women's reproductive healthcare workforce and improve maternal mortality.(1) In-country postgraduate and continuing medical education opportunities are key to training and retaining specialized physicians. The present report describes a developing academic partnership to build capacity in Sierra Leone following the Ebola virus disease epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331737/barriers-against-mammographic-screening-in-a-socioeconomically-underdeveloped-population-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Tolga Özmen, Salih Yüce, Tekin Güler, Canan Ulun, Nilufer Özaydın, Sandhya Pruthi, Nezih Akkapulu, Koray Karabulut, Atilla Soran, Vahit Özmen
OBJECTIVE: Mammography-screening (MS) rates remain low in underdeveloped populations. We aimed to find the barriers against MS in a low socioeconomic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women aged 40-69 years who lived in the least developed city in Turkey (Mus), were targeted. A survey was used to question breast cancer (BC) knowledge and health practices. RESULTS: In total, 2054 women were surveyed (participation rate: 85%). The MS rate was 35%...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331607/-simplified-international-recommendations-for-the-implementation-of-patient-blood-management-sir4pbm
#12
Patrick Meybohm, Bernd Froessler, Lawrence T Goodnough, Andrew A Klein, Manuel Muñoz, Michael F Murphy, Toby Richards, Aryeh Shander, Donat R Spahn, Kai Zacharowski
BACKGROUND: More than 30% of the world's population are anemic with serious medical and economic consequences. Red blood cell transfusion is the mainstay to correct anemia, but it is also one of the top five overused procedures and carries its own risk and cost burden. Patient blood management (PBM) is a patient-centered and multidisciplinary approach to manage anemia, minimize iatrogenic blood loss, and harness tolerance to anemia in an effort to improve patient outcome. Despite resolution 63...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326210/cesarean-scar-endometriosis-an-uncommon-surgical-complication-on-the-rise-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Imane Khachani, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Rachid Bezad
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Scar endometriosis has been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. It is a rare condition, though probably on the rise, due to the considerable increase of cesarean sections performed worldwide. Its physiopathology is complex; its symptomatology is rich and diverse but thorough clinical examination along with ultrasound imaging and potentially pretherapeutic cytologic evaluation are usually efficient in diagnosing the condition...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321338/frequency-risk-factors-and-adverse-fetomaternal-outcomes-of-placenta-previa-in-northern-tanzania
#14
Elizabeth Eliet Senkoro, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Fransisca Seraphin Chuwa, Sia Emmanuel Msuya, Oresta Peter Mnali, Benjamin G Brown, Michael Johnson Mahande
Background and Objective. Placenta previa (PP) is a potential risk factor for obstetric hemorrhage, which is a major cause of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study aimed to determine frequency, risk factors, and adverse fetomaternal outcomes of placenta previa in Northern Tanzania. Methodology. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using maternally-linked data from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry spanning 2000 to 2015. All women who gave birth to singleton infants were studied...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317131/association-of-shorter-height-with-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease
#15
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Takeo Fujiwara, Haruhiko Sago
BACKGROUND: Although adult height is inversely related with the risk of chronic disease, the association between maternal height and ischaemic placental disease remains unclear. METHODS: We used the national, multicentre Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology perinatal database to assess the risk of preeclampsia, placental abruption, and small for gestational age (SGA) births (birthweight < 10th percentile), which together constitute the syndrome 'ischaemic placental disease', in relation to self-reported height in 218 412 women with no underlying diseases before pregnancy, who delivered singletons in 2005-11...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research-funding
#16
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the NIH to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of ob/gyn physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988-2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315410/is-lymphadenectomy-necessary-in-mucinous-ovarian-cancer-a-single-institution-experience
#17
Ivan Salgado-Ceballos, Jazmín Ríos, Delia Pérez-Montiel, Lenny Gallardo, Salim Barquet-Muñoz, Rosa Salcedo-Hernández, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, Luis Alonso Herrera, David Francisco Cantú de León
BACKGROUND: According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) guidelines, every patient diagnosed with ovarian cancer (OC) should undergo a complete staging procedure to adequately assess tumor spread. The role of lymphadenectomy in the initial management of primary early mucinous ovarian cancer (MOC) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of pelvic and para-aortic node metastases in MOC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of patients with MOC treated at our Institute during January 2005 to December 2011 were assessed...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301630/translation-and-validation-of-the-uterine-fibroid-symptom-and-quality-of-life-ufs-qol-questionnaire-for-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#18
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Daniela Alves Malzone-Lott, Mayra Fernanda Sandoval Fagundes, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Mariana Alves Fernandes Arouca, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Uterine fibroids (UF), also known as leiomyomas, are the most prevalent gynecological tumors. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) is the only specific questionnaire that assesses symptom intensity and quality-of-life issues for women with symptomatic UF; however, it only exists in the English language. Thus, we aimed to translate and culturally validate the UFS-QOL questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FMRP-USP...
March 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295282/genital-mycoplasma-infection-among-mexican-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Socorro Méndez-Martínez, Mario García-Carrasco, María L Cedillo-Ramírez, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Constantino Gil-Juárez, Álvaro J Montiel-Jarquín, Alejandro Taboada-Cole, Erick A Jiménez-Herrera, Margarita Muñóz-Guarneros, Ricard Cervera
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of genital Mycoplasma spp. among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to identify factors associated with such infection. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with SLE and healthy women who attended a hospital in Puebla, Mexico, between July 29, 2014, and January 4, 2015. All participants were aged 18 years or older and sexually active. A structured interview assessed sociodemographic, obstetric, gynecologic, and clinical characteristics...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292451/long-acting-reversible-contraception-an-essential-guide-for-pediatric-primary-care-providers
#20
REVIEW
Suzanne Allen, Erin Barlow
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are 20% more effective than traditional contraceptives and are recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology as first-line contraception for adolescent girls. Large studies show that LARC use reduces unintended pregnancies, increases user satisfaction, and prolongs duration of use. This article prepares the primary care provider (PCP) with knowledge on safety, efficacy, eligibility, confidentiality, anticipatory guidance, how to find a LARC provider, and guidance on common side effects so the PCP can confidently counsel adolescent patients on LARC methods...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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