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Obstetrics and gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691149/the-role-of-radiation-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-stage-ii-endometrial-cancer-a-large-database-study
#1
Andrzej P Wojcieszynski, Craig R Hullett, Erin E Medlin, Neil K Taunk, Jacob E Shabason, Jeffrey V Brower, Shuai Chen, Justin E Bekelman, Lisa M Barroilhet, Kristin A Bradley
PURPOSE: The optimum adjuvant treatment for Stage II endometrial cancer patients is unknown. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is often considered the standard of care; however, retrospective series suggest that brachytherapy (BT) alone may be sufficient for selected patients. As randomized data are lacking, we used a large database to explore this question. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried for patients with pathologic International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage II disease...
April 21, 2018: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690964/ultrasound-predictability-of-lower-uterine-segment-cesarean-section-scar-thickness
#2
Shazia Tazion, Maimoona Hafeez, Rukhsana Manzoor, Tashhir Rana
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out association between scar thickness, assessed sonographically, and intraoperative findings (IOF). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore, from June 2016 to April 2017. METHODOLOGY: A total of 70 pregnant patients were included in this study. Transabdominal ultrasound was done for scarred uteri...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688932/foreword-the-prevention-and-management-of-thrombosis-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#3
Andra H James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688931/contributors-the-prevention-and-management-of-thrombosis-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686763/international-medical-graduates-in-the-us-physician-workforce-and-graduate-medical-education-current-and-historical-trends
#5
Awad A Ahmed, Wei-Ting Hwang, Charles R Thomas, Curtiland Deville
Background : Data show that international medical graduates (IMGs), both US and foreign born, are more likely to enter primary care specialties and practice in underserved areas. Comprehensive assessments of representation trends for IMGs in the US physician workforce are limited. Objective : We reported current and historical representation trends for IMGs in the graduate medical education (GME) training pool and US practicing physician workforce. Methods : We compared representation for the total GME and active practicing physician pools with the 20 largest residency specialties...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685481/survival-of-selected-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-treated-with-fertility-sparing-surgery
#6
Nora Elisabeth Hedbäck, Mona Aarenstrup Karlsen, Claus Kim Høgdall, Mikkel Rosendahl
RESEARCH QUESTION: How many patients in Denmark were treated with fertility-sparing surgery (FSS) for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and what was their prognosis compared with patients treated with radical surgery (RS)? DESIGN: This study was a retrospective Danish nationwide study, evaluating the effect of FSS compared with RS in patients with EOC, age ≤45 years and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage ≤IC3 from 2005 to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were included...
April 11, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684957/-iatrogenic-injuries-of-urinary-tract-outcomes-of-surgical-repairs
#7
Yoshiaki Matsumura, Yusuke Iemura, Shinji Fukui, Yoriaki Kagebayashi, Shoji Samma
Iatrogenic urinary tract injuries are known complications of digestive and pelvic surgeries. We retrospectively reviewed 13 patients with bladder injuries and 16 patients with ureteral injuries requiring surgical repair or stent placement in our hospital between 2013 and 2016. Obstetric-gynecologic surgery accounted for 10 bladder injuries and 11 ureteral injuries on hysterectomy and Cesarean section. Digestive surgery led to 1 bladder injury and 5 ureteral injuries on colon resection, and urologic surgery resulted in 1 injury on biopsy of a retroperitoneal tumor...
March 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#8
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683877/robotic-assisted-infrarenal-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-in-gynecological-cancers-technique-and-surgical-outcomes
#9
Minna M Mäenpää, Kari Nieminen, Eija I Tomás, Tiina H Luukkaala, Johanna U Mäenpää
OBJECTIVE: Mini-invasive surgery has essentially replaced open laparotomy in surgery for endometrial and cervical carcinoma. Of the procedures needed for a complete staging, especially para-aortic lymphadenectomy (PALND) is challenging to perform. The present study was undertaken to investigate the technical and surgical outcomes of robotic-assisted PALND for gynecological cancers in the setting of a tertiary university hospital in Finland. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 283 robotic-assisted para-aortic lymphadenectomies using the single-docking transperitoneal technique performed at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Tampere University Hospital, in 2009-2016...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683194/clinical-experience-with-multigene-carrier-panels-in-the-reproductive-setting
#10
Catherine Terhaar, Nicole Teed, Rachel Allen, Lindsay Dohany, Christina Settler, Carol Holland, Ryan E Longman
OBJECTIVES: Expanded carrier testing is acknowledged as an acceptable strategy for carrier testing by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Limited studies have investigated positivity rates of expanded carrier panels. We describe our experience with three commercial laboratory panels varying in size from 3 to 218 disorders. METHODS: We reviewed outcomes for three multigene carrier screening panels: Trio (3 diseases), Standard (23 diseases), and Global (218 diseases)...
April 23, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682098/testing-for-nras-mutations-in-serous-borderline-ovarian-tumors-and-low-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinomas
#11
Pawel Sadlecki, Dariusz Grzanka, Marek Grabiec
The Idylla NRAS Mutation Test , performed on the Biocartis Idylla system, is an in vitro diagnostic tool for the qualitative assessment of 18 NRAS mutations in codons 12, 13, 59, 61, 117, and 146. Low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSC) represents less than 10% of all serous ovarian carcinomas. LGSCs are believed to arise from preexisting cystadenomas or serous borderline tumors (SBOTs) that eventually progress to an invasive carcinoma. The molecular analysis of cancer-causing mutations and the development of targeted biological therapies constitute a milestone in the diagnosis and therapy of ovarian malignancies...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681717/luteinizing-hormone-receptor-gene-and-regulator-of-g-protein-signaling-2-gene-expression-level-and-association-with-oocyte-maturity-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycle
#12
Thanik Chokjirawat, Mutchuporn Sukpresert, Wicharn Choktanasiri, Wanwisa Waiyaput, Duangporn Saengwimol, Aruchalean Taweewongsounton, Tanjitti Pongrujikorn, Chonthicha Satirapod
Aims: The aim is to study the relation and distribution in gene expression level of the luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) gene and regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) gene expression with oocyte maturation. Setting and Design: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in an instruction-based tertiary care infertility unit, department of obstetrics and gynecology. Materials and Methods: After controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, cumulus granulosa cells (CCs) from 59 oocytes among 18 women being treated by in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle technique from November 2015 to January 2016 were collected on the day of oocyte retrieval...
January 2018: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#13
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673665/diminished-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#14
Burcu Tuğrul Ayanoğlu, Elif Didem Özdemir, Onur Türkoğlu, Aslıhan Alhan
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Previous data suggests that women with some chronic inflammatory diseases have diminished ovarian reserve. This study explores ovarian reserve in patients with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 14 female patients with psoriasis and 35 healthy age and body mass index matched controls. An interview explored demographic characteristics, obstetrical history and menstrual characteristics...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673657/outstanding-female-cancer-research-paper-awards-of-the-taiwanese-association-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#15
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673656/outstanding-research-paper-awards-of-the-2017-taiwanese-journal-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#16
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#17
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671223/laparoscopic-paraaortic-surgical-staging-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#18
D Vázquez-Vicente, B Fernández Del Bas, J García Villayzán, H A Di Fiore, J Luna Tirado, V Casado Echarren, J García-Foncillas, J Plaza Arranz, L Chiva
BACKGROUND: One aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for paraaortic lymph node staging in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. The second aim was to identify prognostic factors in the evolution of this disease and to evaluate how the results of the surgery modify the oncological treatment of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 59 patients diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB2-IVA who underwent laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy at our hospital between 2009 and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668476/factors-that-influence-surgical-margin-state-in-patients-undergoing-cold-knife-conization-a-single-center-experience
#19
Igor Aluloski, Mile Tanturovski, Gordana Petrusevska, Rubens Jovanovic, Slavica Kostadinova-Kunovska
AIM: To evaluate the factors that influence the surgical margin state in patients undergoing cold knife conization at the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia Materials and methods: We have retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all patients that underwent a cold knife conization at our Clinic in 2015. We cross-referenced the surgical margin state with the histopathological diagnosis (LSIL, HSIL or micro-invasive/invasive cancer), menopausal status of the patients, number of pregnancies, surgeon experience, operating time and cone depth...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668367/which-patients-with-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-might-benefit-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#20
Omar Mahmoud, Mark H Einstein
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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