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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813891/quantitative-assessment-of-paretic-limb-dexterity-and-interlimb-coordination-during-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-training
#1
Chang Xu, Siyi Li, Kui Wang, Zengguang Hou, Ningbo Yu
In neuro-rehabilitation after stroke, the conventional constrained induced movement therapy (CIMT) has been well-accepted. Existing bilateral trainings are mostly on mirrored symmetrical motion. However, complementary bilateral movements are dominantly involved in activities of daily living (ADLs), and functional bilateral therapies may bring better skill transfer from trainings to daily life. Neurophysiological evidence is also growing. In this work, we firstly introduce our bilateral arm training system realized with a haptic interface and a motion sensor, as well as the tasks that have been designed to train both the manipulation function of the paretic arm and coordination of bilateral upper limbs...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805047/outcomes-of-post-prostatectomy-radiotherapy-at-a-regional-cancer-centre
#2
Luke Nicholls, Amber Winter, Ashley Harwood, Ashley Plank, Preeti Bagga, Winnie Wong, Eric Khoo
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the efficacy and toxicity of radiation therapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer at Radiation Oncology Centres, Toowoomba. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 130 consecutive patients with histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent post-prostatectomy RT between January 2008 and December 2014 were analysed. Primary endpoint was Biochemical Recurrence (BCR) after RT. BCR was defined by PSA > 0...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771630/absence-of-microrna-21-does-not-reduce-muscular-dystrophy-in-mouse-models-of-lama2-cmd
#3
Bernardo Moreira Soares Oliveira, Madeleine Durbeej, Johan Holmberg
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that modulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Current evidence suggests that miR-21 plays a significant role in the progression of fibrosis in muscle diseases. Laminin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy (LAMA2-CMD) is a severe form of congenital muscular dystrophy caused by mutations in the gene encoding laminin α2 chain. Mouse models dy3K/dy3K and dy2J/dy2J, respectively, adequately mirror severe and milder forms of LAMA2-CMD. Both human and mouse LAMA2-CMD muscles are characterized by extensive fibrosis and considering that fibrosis is the final step that destroys muscle during the disease course, anti-fibrotic therapies may be effective strategies for prevention of LAMA2-CMD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766220/improved-locoregional-control-in-a-contemporary-cohort-of-nonmetastatic-inflammatory-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery
#4
Kelly J Rosso, Audree B Tadros, Anna Weiss, Carla L Warneke, Sarah DeSnyder, Henry Kuerer, Naoto T Ueno, Shane R Stecklein, Wendy A Woodward, Anthony Lucci
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer characterized by rapid progression and early metastatic dissemination. The purpose of this study was to assess contemporary rates of local regional recurrence (LRR) in the era of trimodality therapy for nonmetastatic IBC and identify risk factors leading to local failure. METHODS: A total of 114 patients with nonmetastatic IBC receiving trimodality therapy (neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy) were identified from a prospectively collected database from 2007 to 2015 and outcomes analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758974/immunotherapeutic-concepts-to-target-acute-myeloid-leukemia-focusing-on-the-role-of-monoclonal-antibodies-hypomethylating-agents-and-the-leukemic-microenvironment
#5
REVIEW
Olumide Babajide Gbolahan, Amer M Zeidan, Maximilian Stahl, Mohammad Abu Zaid, Sherif Farag, Sophie Paczesny, Heiko Konig
Intensive chemotherapeutic protocols and allogeneic stem cell transplantation continue to represent the mainstay of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment. Although this approach leads to remissions in the majority of patients, long-term disease control remains unsatisfactory as mirrored by overall survival rates of approximately 30%. The reason for this poor outcome is, in part, due to various toxicities associated with traditional AML therapy and the limited ability of most patients to tolerate such treatment...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758071/effects-of-mirror-therapy-using-a-tablet-pc-on-central-facial-paresis-in-stroke-patients
#6
Jung-A Kang, Min Ho Chun, Su Jin Choi, Min Cheol Chang, You Gyoung Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mirror therapy using a tablet PC for post-stroke central facial paresis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled study was performed. Twenty-one post-stroke patients were enrolled. All patients performed 15 minutes of orofacial exercise twice daily for 14 days. The mirror group (n=10) underwent mirror therapy using a tablet PC while exercising, whereas the control group (n=11) did not. All patients were evaluated using the Regional House-Brackmann Grading Scale (R-HBGS), and the length between the corner of the mouth and the ipsilateral earlobe during rest and smiling before and after therapy were measured bilaterally...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755199/fah-knockout-animals-as-models-for-therapeutic-liver-repopulation
#7
Markus Grompe
Several animal models of Fah deficiency have been developed, including mice, pigs and most recently rats. Initially, the murine models were developed with the intent to mirror the human disease for pathophysiologic and therapeutic studies. However, it soon became apparent that Fah-positive hepatocytes have a potent selective growth advantage in mutant liver and can extensively repopulate the diseased organ. For this reason, Fah mutant mice have become a workhorse for liver biology and are widely used in liver stem cell and hepatic gene therapy research...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751748/establishment-of-patient-derived-xenografts-as-functional-testing-of-lung-cancer-aggressiveness
#8
Moro Massimo, Bertolini Giulia, Caserini Roberto, Borzi Cristina, Boeri Mattia, Fabbri Alessandra, Leone Giorgia, Gasparini Patrizia, Galeone Carlotta, Pelosi Giuseppe, Roz Luca, Sozzi Gabriella, Pastorino Ugo
Despite many years of research efforts, lung cancer still remains the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Objective of this study was to set up a platform of non-small cell lung cancer patient derived xenografts (PDXs) faithfully representing primary tumour characteristics and offering a unique tool for studying effectiveness of therapies at a preclinical level. We established 38 PDXs with a successful take rate of 39.2%. All models closely mirrored parental tumour characteristics although a selective pressure for solid patterns, vimentin expression and EMT was observed in several models...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750956/therapeutically-efficient-components-of-basic-body-awareness-therapy-as-perceived-by-experienced-therapists-a-qualitative-study
#9
Amelie Ambolt, Gunvor Gard, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
BACKGROUND: Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapeutic method used in rehabilitation to increase physical and emotional balance. The aim was to identify and describe perceived therapeutically efficient components of BBAT. METHODS: Twenty-four experienced BBAT therapists participated in focus group interviews. The data were analysed with content analysis. RESULTS: One central theme, the therapeutic space consisted of two categories; the therapeutic encounter and the therapeutic tools, which emerged as the core of the perceived therapeutically efficient components...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750367/challenges-associated-with-managing-end-stage-renal-disease-in-extremely-morbid-obese-patients-case-series-and-literature-review
#10
Faruk Turgut, Emaad M Abdel-Rahman
Obesity has grown into an epidemic across the globe. Mirroring this growth in the number of obese individuals in the general population, the prevalence of obesity and extremely morbid obesity (body mass index >50 kg/m2) is similarly rising in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Obesity, and more so, extremely morbid obesity, creates additional challenges for clinicians aiming at providing the best treatment options to patients with ESRD. Although literature is available regarding renal replacement therapy (RRT) for obese patients, literature about challenges facing clinicians managing ESRD in the extremely obese patients is lacking...
July 28, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736545/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mirror-therapy-for-upper-extremity-phantom-limb-pain-in-male-amputees
#11
Sacha B Finn, Briana N Perry, Jay E Clasing, Lisa S Walters, Sandra L Jarzombek, Sean Curran, Minoo Rouhanian, Mary S Keszler, Lindsay K Hussey-Andersen, Sharon R Weeks, Paul F Pasquina, Jack W Tsao
OBJECTIVE: Phantom limb pain (PLP) is prevalent in patients post-amputation and is difficult to treat. We assessed the efficacy of mirror therapy in relieving PLP in unilateral, upper extremity male amputees. METHODS: Fifteen participants from Walter Reed and Brooke Army Medical Centers were randomly assigned to one of two groups: mirror therapy (n = 9) or control (n = 6, covered mirror or mental visualization therapy). Participants were asked to perform 15 min of their assigned therapy daily for 5 days/week for 4 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730617/methotrexate-for-severe-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-clinical-experience-in-a-tertiary-center
#12
Veronika Dvorakova, Grainne M O'Regan, Alan D Irvine
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects up to 20% of children. Although the majority of patients are adequately controlled using emollients, topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, or phototherapy, children with moderate to severe AD may require systemic treatment for control. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of methotrexate in children with severe AD attending a tertiary referral center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken of all children who received methotrexate for severe AD at our tertiary referral center from November 2010 to August 2015...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729345/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, David Mataix-Cols
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. This clinical review considers recent advances in the epidemiology and classification of BDD, including its reclassification in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders under the new 'Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders' chapter...
July 20, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724428/mirroring-the-cantos-revolution-is-anti-inflammatory-therapy-for-diabetes-just-around-the-corner
#14
EDITORIAL
Alexander Tenenbaum, Enrique Z Fisman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723694/exosomes-a-cancer-theranostics-road-map
#15
Angeliki Panagiotara, Athina Markou, Evi S Lianidou, George P Patrinos, Theodora Katsila
Interindividual variability is yet to be fully characterized, and for this, optimum patient stratification and companion diagnostics are still lacking. Especially when complex disease phenotypes and/or polygenic diseases are considered, patient monitoring and disease management become rather challenging, while acquired resistance to therapy and/or toxicity events are among the unmet needs in the clinic. No doubt, biomarkers are of great importance to disease management and tailor-made theranostics. Microfluidics has gathered great attention lately, mostly due to its low-invasive nature compared to tissue biopsies...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723233/treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-with-pazopanib-in-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-a-compassionate-use-setting-results-of-the-spire-study
#16
Hans Gelderblom, Ian R Judson, Charlotte Benson, Ofer Merimsky, Giovanni Grignani, Daniela Katz, Klaus W Freivogel, Dara Stein, Minesh Jobanputra, Arron Mungul, Stephanie C Manson, Roberta Sanfilippo
BACKGROUND: A named patient program (NPP) was designed to provide patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma (aSTS) access to pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The SPIRE study was a retrospective chart review of participating patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria for the NPP and SPIRE mirrored those of the pivotal phase-III study, PALETTE, which compared pazopanib with placebo in patients ≥18 years with aSTS and whose disease had progressed during or following prior chemotherapy or were otherwise unsuitable for chemotherapy...
July 19, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694676/3d-augmented-reality-mirror-visual-feedback-therapy-applied-to-the-treatment-of-persistent-unilateral-upper-extremity-neuropathic-pain-a-preliminary-study
#17
Dominique Mouraux, Eric Brassinne, Stéphane Sobczak, Antoine Nonclercq, Nadine Warzée, Phillip S Sizer, Turgay Tuna, Benoît Penelle
Objective: We assessed whether or not pain relief could be achieved with a new system that combines 3D augmented reality system (3DARS) and the principles of mirror visual feedback. Methods: Twenty-two patients between 18 and 75 years of age who suffered of chronic neuropathic pain. Each patient performed five 3DARS sessions treatment of 20 mins spread over a period of one week. The following pain parameters were assessed: (1) visual analogic scale after each treatment session (2) McGill pain scale and DN4 questionnaire were completed before the first session and 24 h after the last session...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694266/comparing-medical-ecology-utilization-and-expenditures-between-1996-1997-and-2011-2012
#18
Michael E Johansen
PURPOSE: This study compared ecology (number of individuals using a service), utilization (number of services used), and expenditures (dollars spent) for various categories of medical services between primarily 1996-1997 and 2011-2012. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional study was performed using nationally representative data mainly from the 1996, 1997, 2011, and 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). These data were augmented with the 2002-2003 MEPS as well as the 1999-2000 and 2011-2012 National Heath and Nutrition Examination Survey...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692958/grift-a-device-for-quantifying-physiological-and-pathological-mirror-movements-in-children
#19
E Jaspers, K Klingels, C Simon-Martinez, H Feys, D G Woolley, N Wenderoth
Mirror movements (MM) typically occur during unilateral actions and manifest as involuntary muscle activity of the passive limb, which "mirror" voluntary actions executed by the contralateral homologous body part. They are a normal motor feature in young children and gradually disappear during the first decade of life. In children suffering from neurological disorders, e.g. due to an early brain lesion as in unilateral cerebral palsy, the amplitude and occurrence of MM has been proposed to yield relevant information for diagnosis and therapy...
July 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690174/clinical-outcomes-of-donation-after-circulatory-death-liver-transplantation-in-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#20
Palak J Trivedi, Irene Scalera, Emma Slaney, Richard W Laing, Bridget Gunson, Gideon M Hirschfield, Andrea Schlegel, James Ferguson, Paolo Muiesan
BACKGROUND & AIM: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a progressive fibro-inflammatory cholangiopathy for which liver transplantation is the only life-extending intervention. These patients may benefit from accepting liver donation after circulatory death (DCD), however their subsequent outcome is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical impact of using DCD liver grafts in patients specifically undergoing transplantation for PSC. METHODS: Clinical outcomes were prospectively evaluated in PSC patients undergoing transplantation from 2006 to 2016 stratified by donor type (DCD, n=35 vs...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
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