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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234591/reproductive-hormone-analyses-and-effects-of-adjuvant-zoledronic-acid-in-early-breast-cancer-an-azure-big-01-04-sub-study
#1
Caroline Wilson, Samantha Hinsley, Helen Marshall, David Cameron, Richard Bell, David Dodwell, Robert E Coleman
Purpose: Adjuvant bisphosphonates have been shown to improve disease outcomes in early breast cancer in women who are postmenopausal at the start of treatment. We explored the influence of pretreatment serum levels of reproductive hormones in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis from a subset of patients included in the AZURE trial to investigate their impact on disease recurrence and whether reproductive hormone measurements are of value in selecting patients for treatment with adjuvant zoledronic acid...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218404/the-stone-surgeon-in-the-mirror-how-are-german-speaking-urologists-treating-large-renal-stones-today
#2
Martin Schoenthaler, Simon Hein, Christian Seitz, Christian Türk, Hansjörg Danuser, Werner Vach, Arkadiusz Miernik
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the current treatment strategies of LRS in German-speaking Europe. Little is known about the treatment of large renal stones (LRS > 3 cm) in daily urological practice. LRS therapy can be, however, challenging and hazardous. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 39 item web-based survey was performed among urologists listed by the German, Austrian and Swiss Associations of Urology, addressing professionals treating LRS "on their own" and working in a German-speaking country...
December 7, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212525/establishing-and-characterizing-patient-derived-xenografts-using-pre-chemotherapy-percutaneous-biopsy-and-post-chemotherapy-surgical-samples-from-a-prospective-neoadjuvant-breast-cancer-study
#3
Jia Yu, Bo Qin, Ann M Moyer, Jason P Sinnwell, Kevin J Thompson, John A Copland, Laura A Marlow, James L Miller, Ping Yin, Bowen Gao, Katherine Minter-Dykhouse, Xiaojia Tang, Sarah A McLaughlin, Alvaro Moreno-Aspitia, Anthony Schweitzer, Yan Lu, Jason Hubbard, Donald W Northfelt, Richard J Gray, Katie Hunt, Amy L Conners, Vera J Suman, Krishna R Kalari, James N Ingle, Zhenkun Lou, Daniel W Visscher, Richard Weinshilboum, Judy C Boughey, Matthew P Goetz, Liewei Wang
BACKGROUND: Patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) are increasingly used in cancer research as a tool to inform cancer biology and drug response. Most available breast cancer PDXs have been generated in the metastatic setting. However, in the setting of operable breast cancer, PDX models both sensitive and resistant to chemotherapy are needed for drug development and prospective data are lacking regarding the clinical and molecular characteristics associated with PDX take rate in this setting...
December 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211782/generative-mathematical-modelling-to-demonstrate-virtual-simulations-of-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
David Hoyle, Tariq Mehmood Aslam
PURPOSE: To develop a generative mathematical model of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and model the impact of injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor to virtual patients with the condition. METHODS: We isolated key pathophysiological components of macular degeneration in terms of macular edema development and response to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents. We developed mathematical models for each of these components using constants determined from published biological experimentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209617/mirroring-the-multiple-potentials-of-micrornas-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#5
REVIEW
Solenne Paiva, Onnik Agbulut
At present, cardiovascular diseases are depicted to be the leading cause of death worldwide according to the World Health Organization. In the future, projections predict that ischemic heart disease will persist in the top main causes of illness. Within this alarming context, some tiny master regulators of gene expression programs, namely, microRNAs (miRNAs) carry three promising potentials. In fact, miRNAs can prove to be useful not only in terms of biomarkers allowing heart injury detection but also in terms of therapeutics to overcome limitations of past strategies and treat the lesions...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206641/comparison-of-exercise-training-responses-in-copd-patients-with-and-without-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#6
Inga Jarosch, Wolfgang Hitzl, Andreas Rembert Koczulla, Marion Wencker, Tobias Welte, Rainer Gloeckl, Sabina Janciauskiene, Klaus Kenn
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on fatigue-resistant skeletal muscle fibre type I have been found to be smaller in COPD patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) than in those without AATD. Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) augmentation therapy was suggested as a potential factor of influence. Whether this finding mirrors different improvements in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) between both groups remains unknown. METHODS: 140 patients with AATD-related COPD (phenotype PiZZ, FEV1: 31 ± 8%pred...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199760/effectivity-and-cost-effectivity-of-the-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-mirror-naturalistic-analysis
#7
Albert Cosculluela, Jesús Cobo, Erika Martínez-Amorós, Montse Paños, Angel M Santiago, Sara Crivillés, María Camposo, Joan C Oliva, Albert Granero, Diego J Palao
INTRODUCTION: Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy (mECT) is a biological long-term treatment in which patients receive ECT on periods from 2 to 4 weeks, during a variable period of time, usually for more than 6 months. Recent studies showed the efficacy of mECT in prevention of relapse and recurrences. Our study wants to demostrate the effectivity and cost-effectivity of this therapy in the naturalistic conditions of our area. METHODOLOGY: HASH(0x523b450) DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study, with mirror analysis in naturalistic conditions...
November 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184290/kinematic-analysis-of-head-trunk-and-pelvic-motion-during-mirror-therapy-for-stroke-patients
#8
Jinmin Kim, Jaehoon Yi, Chang-Ho Song
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate mirror therapy (MT) condition by analyzing kinematic parameters according to mirror size and angle. [Subjects and Methods] Three hemiparesis stroke patients and five healthy adults participated in this cross-sectional study. Kinematic parameters during the MT were collected over a total of 5 trials for each subject (3 mirror angles × 3 mirror sizes). Center of pressure (COP) excursion data was collected by force plate, and other kinematic parameters by infra-red cameras...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154687/pyruvate-enhancement-of-cardiac-performance-cellular-mechanisms-and-clinical-application
#9
Robert T Mallet, Albert H Olivencia-Yurvati, Rolf Bünger
Cardiac contractile function is adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP)-intensive, and the myocardium's high demand for oxygen and energy substrates leaves it acutely vulnerable to interruptions in its blood supply. The myriad cardioprotective properties of the natural intermediary metabolite pyruvate make it a potentially powerful intervention against the complex injury cascade ignited by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. A readily oxidized metabolic substrate, pyruvate augments myocardial free energy of ATP hydrolysis to a greater extent than the physiological fuels glucose, lactate and fatty acids, particularly when it is provided at supra-physiological plasma concentrations...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153043/effectiveness-of-mirror-therapy-motor-imagery-and-virtual-feedback-on-phantom-limb-pain-following-amputation-a-systematic-review
#10
Laura Herrador Colmenero, Jose Manuel Perez Marmol, Celia Martí-García, María de Los Ángeles Querol Zaldivar, Rosa María Tapia Haro, Adelaida María Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain is reported in 50%-85% of people with amputation. Clinical interventions in treating central pain, such as mirror therapy, motor imagery, or virtual visual feedback, could redound in benefits to amputee patients with phantom limb pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of different techniques for treating phantom limb pain in amputee patients. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A computerized literature search up to April 2017 was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PEDro, EBSCOhost, and Cochrane Plus...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144105/motor-imagery-ability-of-patients-with-lower-limb-amputation-exploring-the-course-of-rehabilitation-effects
#11
Elodie Saruco, Aymeric Guillot, Arnaud Saimpont, Franck DI Rienzo, Anne Durand, Catherine Mercier, Francine Malouin, Philip Jackson
BACKGROUND: Amputation of a lower-limb results in a severe decrease of functional mobility that deeply alters independent living. Motor imagery (MI) refers to the mental representation of an action without engaging its actual execution. The repetitive use of MI has been shown to contribute to promote motor recovery and phantom-limb pain alleviation. AIM: Given the importance of invoking accurate images to benefit from MI practice, and considering the link between motor capacities and MI, the present study investigated the effect of a rehabilitation program on MI ability in patients with lower-limb amputation...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#12
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130677/-dermoscopy-study-on-the-effects-of-gold-microacupuncture-hyaluronic-acid-injection-and-rb-bfgf-to-treat-facial-rejuvenation
#13
Ge Su, Xun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the dermoscopic changes facial rejuvenation after the combination therapy of gold microacupuncture,Hyaluronic acid (HA) injection,and recombinant bovine alkaline fibroblast growth factor (rbbFGF). METHODS: Twenty cases of patients (age from 30 to 55 yearold) with facial skin naturally aging were included. The patients received multisource radio frequency therapeutic apparatus for injection at the subbermaldermal levels from 1316 W. Noncrosslinking HA of 2 mL was injected in the upper dermis...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126509/treatment-of-perianal-crohn-s-disease
#14
Jill M Zalieckas
Perianal Crohn's is a common manifestation of Crohn's disease. Primary manifestations of perianal disease mirror common anorectal conditions, however treatment is less successful than in those patients without Crohn's related perianal disease. A multimodal approach to therapy including medical and surgical modalities is often necessary. The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms while maintaining continence.
December 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125192/long-term-outcomes-among-2-year-survivors-of-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-hodgkin-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#15
Regina M Myers, Brian T Hill, Bronwen E Shaw, Soyoung Kim, Heather R Millard, Minoo Battiwalla, Navneet S Majhail, David Buchbinder, Hillard M Lazarus, Bipin N Savani, Mary E D Flowers, Anita D'Souza, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Amelia Langston, Jean A Yared, Robert J Hayashi, Andrew Daly, Richard F Olsson, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Adriana K Malone, Zachariah DeFilipp, Steven P Margossian, Anne B Warwick, Samantha Jaglowski, Amer Beitinjaneh, Henry Fung, Kimberly A Kasow, David I Marks, Jana Reynolds, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein, Baldeep Wirk, William A Wood, Mehdi Hamadani, Prakash Satwani
BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT) is a standard therapy for relapsed classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, long-term outcomes are not well described. METHODS: This study analyzed survival, nonrelapse mortality, late effects, and subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in 1617 patients who survived progression-free for ≥2 years after auto-HCT for cHL or DLBCL between 1990 and 2008. The median age at auto-HCT was 40 years; the median follow-up was 10...
November 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116473/early-rehabilitation-after-stroke-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Elisheva R Coleman, Rohitha Moudgal, Kathryn Lang, Hyacinth I Hyacinth, Oluwole O Awosika, Brett M Kissela, Wuwei Feng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite current rehabilitative strategies, stroke remains a leading cause of disability in the USA. There is a window of enhanced neuroplasticity early after stroke, during which the brain's dynamic response to injury is heightened and rehabilitation might be particularly effective. This review summarizes the evidence of the existence of this plastic window, and the evidence regarding safety and efficacy of early rehabilitative strategies for several stroke domain-specific deficits...
November 7, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110770/csf-in-acute-and-chronic-infectious-diseases
#17
Felix Benninger, Israel Steiner
Infections of the nervous system are an important and challenging aspect of clinical neurology. Immediate correct diagnosis enables to introduce effective therapy, in conditions that without diagnosis may leave the patient with severe neurological incapacitation and sometimes even death. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a mirror that reflects nervous system pathology and can promote early diagnosis and therapy. The present chapter focuses on the CSF findings in neuro-infections, mainly viral and bacterial. Opening pressure, protein and glucose levels, presence of cells and type of the cellular reaction should be monitored...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108862/animal-models-of-smoke-inhalation-injury-and-related-acute-and-chronic-lung-diseases
#18
Katarzyna Reczyńska, Priyanka Tharkar, Sally Yunsun Kim, Yiwei Wang, Elzbieta Pamuła, Hak-Kim Chan, Wojciech Chrzanowski
Smoke inhalation injury leads to various acute and chronic lung diseases and thus is the dominant cause of fire-related fatalities. In a search for an effective treatment and validation of therapies different classes of animal models have been developed, which include both small and large animals. These models have advanced our understanding of the mechanism of smoke inhalation injury, enabling a better understanding of pathogenesis and pathophysiology and development of new therapies. However, none of the animal models fully mirrors human lungs and their pathologies...
November 3, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106602/prmt5-as-a-druggable-target-for-glioblastoma-therapy
#19
Yeshavanth Kumar Banasavadi-Siddegowda, Alessandra M Welker, Min An, Xiaozhi Yang, Wei Zhou, Guqin Shi, Jaime Imitola, Chenglong Li, Sigmund Hsu, Jiang Wang, Mitch Phelps, Jianying Zhang, Christine E Beattie, Robert Baiocchi, Balveen Kaur
Background: In spite of standard multi modal therapy consisting of surgical resection followed by radiation and concurrent chemotherapy prognosis for GBM patients remains poor. The identification of both differentiated and undifferentiated "stem cell like" populations in the tumor highlights the significance of finding novel targets that affect the heterogenous tumor cell population. Protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT5) is one such candidate gene whose nuclear expression correlates with poor survival and has been reported to be required for survival of differentiated GBM cells and self-renewal of undifferentiated GBM cells...
November 2, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105971/home-based-tactile-discrimination-training-tdt-reduces-phantom-limb-pain
#20
Robert Wakolbinger, Martin Diers, Laura A Hruby, Agnes Sturma, Oskar C Aszmann
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain (PLP) affects a high percentage of amputees. Since treatment options are limited, low quality of life and addiction to pain medication is frequent. New attempts, such as mirror therapy or electrical sensory discrimination training, make use of the brain's plasticity to alleviate this centrally derived pain. AIM: This pilot study assessed the question, whether home-based tactile discrimination training (TDT) leads to a stronger decrease in phantom limb pain levels, compared to a standard massage treatment...
November 6, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
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