Read by QxMD icon Read

Genotoxicity of Fishes

Madiha Ghazanfar, Sana Shahid, Irfan Zia Qureshi
In the present study, potential protective role of Vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) was investigated in aquaria acclimated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exposure for 96 h to combined toxic doses of fipronil (FP) and buprofezin (BPFN) insecticides in combination (FP: 200 μg/L; 4.57 × 10-7 mol/L and BPFN: 50 mg/L; 1.64 × 10-4 mol/L). At end of 96 h exposure, fish were supplemented with low (25 mg/L) and high (50 mg/L) doses of Vitamin C, added once daily to aquaria water for continuous three weeks...
January 5, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Mehran Hariri, Alireza Mirvaghefi, Hamid Farahmand, Lobat Taghavi, Amir-Reza Shahabinia
The in situ evaluation of the genotoxic impact of the Karaj River was performed using the comet and micronucleus (MN) assays in erythrocytes, liver, gill and kidney of indigenous brown trout, Salmo trutta fario from three different stations, including Varangerud, Asara and Purkan. The results showed that DNA damage significantly increased in sampled fish erythrocytes, liver and gill from low levels in the upstream river (Varangerud) via intermediate levels in downstream (Purkan) to high levels in the middle of the river (Asara), correlating with the river increasing pollution gradient...
December 28, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Giovani Valentin Cimbaluk, Wanessa Algarte Ramsdorf, Maiara Carolina Perussolo, Hayanna Karla Felipe Santos, Helena Cristina Da Silva De Assis, Mariane Cristina Schnitzler, Danielle Caroline Schnitzler, Pedro Gontijo Carneiro, Marta Margarete Cestari
Carbon Nanotubes are among the most promising materials for the technology industry. Their unique physical and chemical proprieties may reduce the production costs and improve the efficiency of a large range of products. However, the same characteristics that have made nanomaterials interesting for industry may be responsible for inducing toxic effects on the aquatic organisms. Since the carbon nanotubes toxicity is still a controversial issue, we performed tests of acute and subchronic exposure to a commercial sample of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in two fish species, an exotic model (Danio rerio) and a native one (Astyanax altiparanae)...
December 26, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Mst Mansura Khan, Md Moniruzzaman, Golam Mohammod Mostakim, Mohammad Sadequr Rahman Khan, Md Khalilur Rahman, M Sadiqul Islam
The present experiment was conducted to explicate the genotoxic effects of profenofos, an organophosphate insecticide, on the erythrocytes of silver barb (Barbonymus gonionotus). Silver barb were exposed to a solution of 10% and 50% of lethal concentrations (LC50) of profenofos as sub-lethal concentrations at different days (1, 7, 15, and 30 d), along with a control (0% profenofos). Subsequent recovery patterns were assessed allowing the fish exposed to profenofos free water for the same period that they were exposed to profenofos...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Diogo Ferreira do Amaral, Mateus Flores Montalvão, Bruna de Oliveira Mendes, Joyce Moreira de Souza, Thales Quintão Chagas, Aline Sueli de Lima Rodrigues, Guilherme Malafaia
Tannery industries are considered highly polluting due to the large production of polluted wastewater [untreated tannery effluent (UTE)]. Although previous studies have already shown the consequences from fish, birds and mammals' exposure to this pollutant, little is known about its toxicological effect on representatives of class amphibian. Thus, we aim at assessing whether short-term UTE exposure, even at low concentrations (0.2% UTE diluted in water), would be able to induce behavioral, morphological and cyto-genotoxic changes in L...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
A H Sayed, Hamdy A M Soliman
The antioxidant role of the green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract (GTE) was examined to remedy the toxic effects of (0.2mgl(-1)) 4-nonylphenol(4-NP). Biochemical parameters, antioxidant enzymes, liver lipid peroxidation (LPO), DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis as well as histopathology of liver of African catfish Clarias gariepinus were considered. Catfishes were divided into four groups: first group (control), second group (0.2mgl(-1) of 4-NP), third group (0.2mgl(-1)of 4-NP +100mg GTE l(-1)water), and fourth group (0...
November 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Edison Bezerra da Silva, Sandra Aparecida da Silva Corrêa, Denis Moledo de Souza Abessa, Bruno Ferreira Xavier da Silva, Dolores Helena Rodriguez Ferreira Rivero, Robson Seriani
The present study evaluated the water quality of a polluted pond through the analysis of in vitro mucociliary transport, hematological parameters, and biomarkers of cyto-genotoxicity in the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Blood and mucus samples were collected from ten specimens from the polluted pond and from ten specimens from a control area. The fish were anesthetized with 3% benzocaine, mucus was collected directly from the gills, and blood was drawn from the caudal artery. Blood smears were stained using the May-Grünwald Giemsa process for the differential leukocyte counts and to determine the frequency of leukocytes, thrombocytes, erythroblasts, micronuclei, and nuclear abnormalities...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mayada Ragab Farag, Mahmoud Alagawany
Erythrocytes are the main cells in circulation. They are devoid of internal membrane structures and easy to be isolated and handled providing a good model for different assays. Red blood cells (RBCs) plasma membrane is a multi-component structure that keeps the cell morphology, elasticity, flexibility and deformability. Alteration of membrane structure upon exposure to xenobiotics could induce various cellular abnormalities and releasing of intracellular components. Therefore the morphological changes and extracellular release of haemoglobin [hemolysis] and increased content of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) [as signs of membrane stability] could be used to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of various molecules...
January 5, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Palas Samanta, Hyungjoon Im, Joorim Na, Jinho Jung
The goal of this study was to evaluate the adverse effects of wastewater effluents on freshwater crucian carp, Carassius auratus, inhabiting Sincheon stream using the integrated biomarker response (IBR) at the genotoxic (micronucleus [MN] test), oxidative stress (activity of catalase [CAT] and glutathione S-transferase [GST], and level of lipid peroxidation [LPO]), histopathological (degree of tissue changes [DTC]), and physiological (condition factor [CF] and liver somatic index [LSI]) levels. The CF and LSI were significantly (p < 0...
October 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Paula Pereira de Paiva, Mariana Cruz Delcorso, Valquíria Aparecida Matheus, Sonia Claudia do Nascimento de Queiroz, Carla Beatriz Collares-Buzato, Sarah Arana
AIM: The aim of this work was to evaluate the sensitivity of Pacu fingerlings (Piaractus mesopotamicus) by measuring the effects of median lethal concentration (LC50) of atrazine (ATZ - 28.58 mg/L) after acute exposure (up to 96 h). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The fish were exposed to the LC50 of ATZ for 96 h (28.58 mg/L) in a static system. During the experiment, the fingerlings were randomly distributed in four glass tanks (50 L) containing dechlorinated water. Four glass tanks were for the control group, and four were for the ATZ-exposed group (n=4 per glass tank), given a total number of 16 animals tested per group...
September 2017: Veterinary World
Jovana Jovanović, Stoimir Kolarević, Aleksandra Milošković, Nataša Radojković, Vladica Simić, Biljana Dojčinović, Margareta Kračun-Kolarević, Momir Paunović, Jovana Kostić, Karolina Sunjog, Jovana Timilijić, Jelena Djordjević, Zoran Gačić, Bojana Žegura, Branka Vuković-Gačić
The Velika Morava River is the greatest national Serbian river and the significant tributary of the Danube River. The major problems in the Velika Morava River Basin (VMRB) represent untreated industrial and municipal wastewaters. In this study, the level of genotoxic potential at the sites along the VMRB was evaluated by parallel in vitro and in situ approach. Within in vitro testing, genotoxicity of native water samples collected from the sites in VMRB was evaluated by SOS/umuC test on Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 and by the comet assay on HepG2 cells...
October 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Fernando Rafael de Moura, Ritane Rose da Silva Lima, Ana Paula Simões da Cunha, Patrícia da Costa Marisco, Danilo Henrique Aguiar, Marina Mariko Sugui, Adilson Paulo Sinhorin, Valéria Dornelles Gindri Sinhorin
Roundup Original(®) is an herbicide widely used in Mato Grosso's agriculture and it may contamine water bodies, being an unforeseen xenobiotic to aquatic organisms, particularly fish. This study investigated the effects on the hybrid fish jundiara (Leiarius marmoratus×Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum) of an environmentally relevant exposure to this herbicide. Glucose levels in liver, muscle and plasma decreased after exposure to 1.357mgL(-1) of Roundup Original(®) (glyphosate nominal concentration), while glycogen levels reduced in liver and muscle for different times...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Luis Orozco-Hernández, Adriana Andrea Gutiérrez-Gómez, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Hariz Islas-Flores, Sandra García-Medina, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Octavio Dublán-García, Reyna Natividad, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
17β-Estradiol, a natural hormone present at high concentrations in aquatic ecosystems, affects and modifies endocrine function in animals. In recent years research workers have expressed concern over its potential effects on aquatic organisms; however, little is known about its capacity to induce genetic damage or the pro-apoptotic effects of such damage on fish. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate 17β-estradiol-induced cyto-genotoxicity in blood cells of the common carp Cyprinus carpio exposed to different concentrations (1 ng, 1 μg and 1 mg L(-1))...
October 6, 2017: Chemosphere
Sandra García-Medina, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván, Karina Ruiz-Lara, Hariz Islas-Flores, Eloy Gasca-Pérez
Mercury is one of the most toxic metals in aquatic systems since it is able to induce neurobehavioral disorders as well as renal and gastrointestinal tract damage. The common carp Cyprinus carpio is an important species from both an ecological and economic viewpoint as it is consumed in many countries, the top producers being Mexico, China, India and Japan. The present study aimed to evaluate the relation between Hg-induced oxidative stress and genotoxicity in diverse tissues of C. carpio. Specimens were exposed to 0...
September 21, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Thaís Dalzochio, Leonardo Airton Ressel Simões, Mateus Santos de Souza, Gabriela Zimmermann Prado Rodrigues, Ismael Evandro Petry, Natália Bordin Andriguetti, Gláucia Joselaine Herbert Silva, Günther Gehlen, Luciano Basso da Silva
The Ilha River is one of the main tributaries of the Sinos River, southern Brazil, and it is located in an area characterized by low population density and presence of agricultural activities. Thus, this study aimed to assess the water quality of two sites of the Ilha River (source and mouth, S1 and S2 respectively) in five sampling periods using water physicochemical and microbiological analyses, biomarkers, such as condition factor, micronucleus test, gill histopathological analysis, and metal bioaccumulation in the native fish Bryconamericus iheringii...
September 19, 2017: Chemosphere
Lucilene Finoto Viana, Yzel Rondon Súarez, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso, Bruno do Amaral Crispim, Alexeia Barufatti Grisolia, Sidnei Eduardo Lima-Junior
The present study evaluated mutagenic and genotoxic effects and metal accumulation in the liver and musculature of Pterygoplichthys ambrosetti and Prochilodus lineatus in the Amambai River, a tributary of the Upper Paraná River in Brazil. We also evaluated the potential for these fish species as environmental bioindicators and performed risk assessment for conservation purposes. We found that P. ambrosetti had a higher frequency of micronuclei compared to P. lineatus (p < 0.0001). There were no significant differences between species in other erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities (ENA) (p > 0...
September 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Paula A Ossa-López, Gabriel J Castaño-Villa, Fredy A Rivera-Páez
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is one of the most studied aquatic organisms for water biomonitoring, due to its sensitivity to environmental degradation and resistance to toxic substances. This study determined the presence of micronuclei and nuclear abnormalities in peripheral blood erythrocytes, and assessed the gene expression of caspase-3 (CASP-3) and metallothionein 1 (MT-1) in the gills and liver of D. rerio. The study fish (n = 45) were exposed to water collected from two stations with mining impact (E2 and E3) and a reference station without evident mining contamination (E1), all located in La Elvira stream (Manizales-Colombia)...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pia Välitalo, Riccardo Massei, Ilse Heiskanen, Peter Behnisch, Werner Brack, Andrew J Tindall, David Du Pasquier, Eberhard Küster, Anna Mikola, Tobias Schulze, Markus Sillanpää
Wastewaters contain complex mixtures of chemicals, which can cause adverse toxic effects in the receiving environment. In the present study, the toxicity removal during wastewater treatment at seven municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) was investigated using an effect-based approach. A battery of eight bioassays was applied comprising of cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, endocrine disruption and fish embryo toxicity assays. Human cell-based CALUX assays, transgenic larval models and the fish embryo toxicity test were particularly sensitive to WWTP effluents...
December 1, 2017: Water Research
Soraia Santana de Moura, Renato Ivan de Ávila, Lara Barroso Brito, Rhaul de Oliveira, Gisele Augusto Rodrigues de Oliveira, Francine Pazini, Ricardo Menegatti, Aline Carvalho Batista, Cesar Koppe Grisolia, Marize Campos Valadares
Scientific evidences have highlighted 5-(1-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2H-tetrazole (LQFM021) as a promising anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antinociceptive agent due to its effects on peripheral opioid receptors associated with activation of the nitric oxide/cGMP/KATP pathway. Despite these important pharmacological findings, toxicity data of LQFM021 are scarce. Thus, this study investigated the in vitro genotoxicity of LQFM021 through cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (OECD Nº 487/2014). Moreover, zebrafish model was used to assess the embryotoxicity potential of LQFM021 using fish embryo toxicity test (OECD Nº 236/2013) with extended exposure to evaluate subchronic larval development...
November 1, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ryan P Braham, Vicki S Blazer, Cassidy H Shaw, Patricia M Mazik
Biological markers (biomarkers) sensitive to genotoxic and mutagenic contamination in fishes are widely used to identify exposure effects in aquatic environments. The micronucleus assay was incorporated into a suite of indicators to assess exposure to genotoxic and mutagenic contamination at five Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOCs), as well as one non-AOC (reference) site. The assay allowed enumeration of micronuclei as well as other nuclear abnormalities for both site and species comparisons. Erythrocyte abnormality data was also compared to skin and liver tumor prevalence and hepatic transcript abundance...
October 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"