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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095725/geospatial-clustering-in-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-boston-youth
#1
Kosuke Tamura, Dustin T Duncan, Jessica K Athens, Marie A Bragg, Michael Rienti, Jared Aldstadt, Marc A Scott, Brian Elbel
The objective was to detect geospatial clustering of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in Boston adolescents (age = 16.3 ± 1.3 years [range: 13-19]; female = 56.1%; White = 10.4%, Black = 42.6%, Hispanics = 32.4%, and others = 14.6%) using spatial scan statistics. We used data on self-reported SSB intake from the 2008 Boston Youth Survey Geospatial Dataset (n = 1292). Two binary variables were created: consumption of SSB (never versus any) on (1) soda and (2) other sugary drinks (e...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086910/identifying-youth-friendly-service-practices-associated-with-adolescents-use-of-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-post-conflict-burundi-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Imelda K Moise, Jaclyn F Verity, Joseph Kangmennaang
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about reproductive health service (RHS) availability and adolescents' use of these services in post-conflict settings. Such information is crucial for targeted community interventions that aim to improve quality delivery of RHS and outcomes in post-conflict settings. The objectives of this study therefore was to examine the density of RHS availability; assess spatial patterns of RHC facilities; and identify youth-friendly practices associated with adolescents' use of services in post-conflict Burundi...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#3
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069885/qualitative-geospatial-methods-of-exploring-person-place-transactions-in-aging-adults-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Carri Hand, Suzanne Huot, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Sachindri Wijekoon
PURPOSE: Research exploring how places shape and interact with the lives of aging adults must be grounded in the places where aging adults live and participate. Combined participatory geospatial and qualitative methods have the potential to illuminate the complex processes enacted between person and place to create much-needed knowledge in this area. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify methods that can be used to study person-place relationships among aging adults and their neighborhoods by determining the extent and nature of research with aging adults that combines qualitative methods with participatory geospatial methods...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054008/infodemiological-data-concerning-silicosis-in-the-usa-in-the-period-2004-2010-correlating-with-real-world-statistical-data
#5
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Francesco Brigo, Paolo Durando
This article reports data concerning silicosis-related web-activities using Google Trends (GT) capturing the Internet behavior in the USA for the period 2004-2010. GT-generated data were then compared with the most recent available epidemiological data of silicosis mortality obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the same study period. Statistically significant correlations with epidemiological data of silicosis (r=0.805, p-value <0.05) and other related web searches were found...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052511/sound-settlement-noise-surpasses-land-cover-in-explaining-breeding-habitat-selection-of-secondary-cavity-nesting-birds
#6
Nathan J Kleist, Robert P Guralnick, Alexander Cruz, Clinton D Francis
Birds breeding in heterogeneous landscapes select nest sites by cueing in on a variety of factors from landscape features and social information to the presence of natural enemies. We focus on determining the relative impact of anthropogenic noise on nest site occupancy, compared to amount of forest cover, which is known to strongly influence the selection process. We examine chronic, industrial noise from natural gas wells directly measured at the nest box as well as site-averaged noise, using a well-established field experimental system in northwestern New Mexico...
January 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052110/automated-image-sampling-and-classification-can-be-used-to-explore-perceived-naturalness-of-urban-spaces
#7
Roger Hyam
The psychological restorative effects of exposure to nature are well established and extend to just viewing of images of nature. A previous study has shown that Perceived Naturalness (PN) of images correlates with their restorative value. This study tests whether it is possible to detect degree of PN of images using an image classifier. It takes images that have been scored by humans for PN (including a subset that have been assessed for restorative value) and passes them through the Google Vision API image classification service...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050058/sustainable-crop-intensification-through-surface-water-irrigation-in-bangladesh-a-geospatial-assessment-of-landscape-scale-production-potential
#8
Timothy J Krupnik, Urs Schulthess, Zia Uddin Ahmed, Andrew J McDonald
Changing dietary preferences and population growth in South Asia have resulted in increasing demand for wheat and maize, along side high and sustained demand for rice. In the highly productive northwestern Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, farmers utilize groundwater irrigation to assure that at least two of these crops are sequenced on the same field within the same year. Such double cropping has had a significant and positive influence on regional agricultural productivity. But in the risk-prone and food insecure lower Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP), cropping is less intensive...
January 2017: Land Use Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049088/geospatial-assessment-of-bioenergy-land-use-and-its-impacts-on-soil-erosion-in-the-u-s-midwest
#9
William M SooHoo, Cuizhen Wang, Huixuan Li
Agricultural land use change, especially corn expansion since 2000s, has been accelerating to meet the growing bioenergy demand of the United States. This study identifies the environmentally sensitive lands (ESLs) in the U.S. Midwest using the distance-weighted Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) associated with bioenergy land uses extracted from USDA Cropland Data Layers. The impacts of soil erosion to downstream wetlands and waterbodies in the river basin are counted in the RUSLE with an inverse distance weighting approach...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045226/regional-climate-on-the-breeding-grounds-predicts-variation-in-the-natal-origin-of-monarch-butterflies-overwintering-in-mexico-over-38%C3%A2-years
#10
D T Tyler Flockhart, Lincoln P Brower, M Isabel Ramirez, Keith A Hobson, Leonard I Wassenaar, Sonia Altizer, D Ryan Norris
Addressing population declines of migratory insects requires linking populations across different portions of the annual cycle and understanding the effects of variation in weather and climate on productivity, recruitment, and patterns of long-distance movement. We used stable H and C isotopes and geospatial modeling to estimate the natal origin of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) in eastern North America using over 1000 monarchs collected over almost four decades at Mexican overwintering colonies. Multinomial regression was used to ascertain which climate-related factors best-predicted temporal variation in natal origin across six breeding regions...
January 3, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040219/sediment-delivery-modeling-in-practice-comparing-the-effects-of-watershed-characteristics-and-data-resolution-across-hydroclimatic-regions
#11
Perrine Hamel, Kim Falinski, Richard Sharp, Daniel A Auerbach, María Sánchez-Canales, P James Dennedy-Frank
Geospatial models are commonly used to quantify sediment contributions at the watershed scale. However, the sensitivity of these models to variation in hydrological and geomorphological features, in particular to land use and topography data, remains uncertain. Here, we assessed the performance of one such model, the InVEST sediment delivery model, for six sites comprising a total of 28 watersheds varying in area (6-13,500km(2)), climate (tropical, subtropical, mediterranean), topography, and land use/land cover...
December 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018997/an-overview-of-geospatial-methods-used-in-unintentional-injury-epidemiology
#12
REVIEW
Himalaya Singh, Lauren V Fortington, Helen Thompson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability around the world. Injury incidence is often associated with socio-economic and physical environmental factors. The application of geospatial methods has been recognised as important to gain greater understanding of the complex nature of injury and the associated diverse range of geographically-diverse risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide an overview of geospatial methods applied in unintentional injury epidemiological studies...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018789/evaluation-of-spatial-analysis-application-for-urban-emergency-management
#13
REVIEW
Rifaat Abdalla
BACKGROUND: This paper provides multidisciplinary scope to the utilization of geospatial data frameworks for urban disaster management with accentuation on particular events. The emergency management events presented in this review are universally known and represent high risk for different parts of the world. RESULTS: The discussion starts with addressing the application issues related to how spatial analysis can be used intending to disaster management operations by characterizing its ease of use and impediments in managing the inquiries of vulnerability and hazard assessment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999247/representing-geospatial-environment-observation-capability-information-a-case-study-of-managing-flood-monitoring-sensors-in-the-jinsha-river-basin
#14
Chuli Hu, Qingfeng Guan, Jie Li, Ke Wang, Nengcheng Chen
Sensor inquirers cannot understand comprehensive or accurate observation capability information because current observation capability modeling does not consider the union of multiple sensors nor the effect of geospatial environmental features on the observation capability of sensors. These limitations result in a failure to discover credible sensors or plan for their collaboration for environmental monitoring. The Geospatial Environmental Observation Capability (GEOC) is proposed in this study and can be used as an information basis for the reliable discovery and collaborative planning of multiple environmental sensors...
December 16, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997571/assessing-the-impact-of-u-s-food-assistance-delivery-policies-on-child-mortality-in-northern-kenya
#15
Alex Nikulkov, Christopher B Barrett, Andrew G Mude, Lawrence M Wein
The U.S. is the main country in the world that delivers its food assistance primarily via transoceanic shipments of commodity-based in-kind food. This approach is costlier and less timely than cash-based assistance, which includes cash transfers, food vouchers, and local and regional procurement, where food is bought in or nearby the recipient country. The U.S.'s approach is exacerbated by a requirement that half of its transoceanic food shipments need to be sent on U.S.-flag vessels. We estimate the effect of these U...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995836/geospatial-assessment-based-on-fertility-and-mortality-differential-indices-of-natural-selection-in-north-west-and-eastern-himalayan-populations
#16
Krishan Sharma
There is contradictory evidence of having fewer live births and higher embryonic mortality among high-altitude populations than their counterparts at lower altitude. This study explores the geospatial differences in selection intensities among human populations living in different ecological settings. Reproductive data from post-menopausal women were collected from 75 women from near Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, at an altitude of 2150 m above sea level and 100 women from Jind, Haryana, at an altitude of 227 m...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994137/edge-effects-enhance-carbon-uptake-and-its-vulnerability-to-climate-change-in-temperate-broadleaf-forests
#17
Andrew B Reinmann, Lucy R Hutyra
Forest fragmentation is a ubiquitous, ongoing global phenomenon with profound impacts on the growing conditions of the world's remaining forest. The temperate broadleaf forest makes a large contribution to the global terrestrial carbon sink but is also the most heavily fragmented forest biome in the world. We use field measurements and geospatial analyses to characterize carbon dynamics in temperate broadleaf forest fragments. We show that forest growth and biomass increase by 89 ± 17% and 64 ± 12%, respectively, from the forest interior to edge, but ecosystem edge enhancements are not currently captured by models or approaches to quantifying regional C balance...
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989288/the-social-determinants-of-health-core-taking-a-place-based-approach
#18
Richard A Scribner, Neal R Simonsen, Claudia Leonardi
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition that health disparities research needs to incorporate social determinants in the local environment into explanatory models. In the transdisciplinary setting of the Mid-South Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center (TCC), the Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Core developed an approach to incorporating SDH across a variety of studies. This place-based approach, which is geographically based, transdisciplinary, and inherently multilevel, is discussed...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988408/risk-of-human-helminthiases-geospatial-distribution-and-targeted-control
#19
Weiwei Yu, Allen G Ross, Remigio M Olveda, Donald A Harn, Yuesheng Li, Delia Chy, Gail M Williams
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2012 among 22 rural barangays in Northern Samar, the Philippines in order to determine the prevalence of single and multiple species helminth infections, their geospatial distribution and underlying risk factors. METHODS: A total of 10,434 individuals who had completed both a medical questionnaire and a stool examination were included in the analysis. Barangay specific prevalence rates were displayed in ArcMap...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986969/outbreaks-of-syphilis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-sti-clinics-between-2007-and-2015-in-the-netherlands-a-space-time-clustering-study
#20
F van Aar, C den Daas, M A B van der Sande, L C Soetens, H J C de Vries, B H B van Benthem
OBJECTIVES: Infectious syphilis (syphilis) is diagnosed predominantly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Netherlands and is a strong indicator for sexual risk behaviour. Therefore, an increase in syphilis can be an early indicator of resurgence of other STIs, including HIV. National and worldwide outbreaks of syphilis, as well as potential changes in sexual networks were reason to explore syphilis trends and clusters in more depth. METHODS: National STI/HIV surveillance data were used, containing epidemiological, behavioural and clinical data from STI clinics...
December 16, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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