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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425085/uk-clinical-guideline-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#1
J Compston, A Cooper, C Cooper, N Gittoes, C Gregson, N Harvey, S Hope, J A Kanis, E V McCloskey, K E S Poole, D M Reid, P Selby, F Thompson, A Thurston, N Vine
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, the UK National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) produced a guideline on the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, with an update in 2013. This paper presents a major update of the guideline, the scope of which is to review the assessment and management of osteoporosis and the prevention of fragility fractures in postmenopausal women and men age 50 years or over. METHODS: Where available, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and randomised controlled trials were used to provide the evidence base...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424802/evolving-sepsis-definitions-and-their-impact-on-acute-medical-units
#2
A Thompson, M Stevens, I Collin, N Wennike
BACKGROUND: There are currently several different definitions for sepsis. This study looked at what proportion of acute medical admissions were identified by the different definitions, what correlation they have, and how many patients would require a review with results in 1 hour. METHODS: Data on 212 admissions was collected, on time of admission and review, and number of patients with sepsis by each diagnostic criteria calculated. RESULTS: The NICE criteria identified 69% of admissions as requiring review within one hour, compared to 6% with qSOFA and 18% with previous sepsis definitions...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422387/should-we-be-putting-our-scalpel-down-is-hifu-the-answer-to-fertility-sparing-fibroid-treatment
#3
Nicola Tempest, Dharani Hapangama
Despite HIFU being a fertility sparing, outpatient procedure reported to be safe and effective in treating patients with fibroids for 15 years (Wang et al. Zhonghua Chao Sheng Ying Xiang Xue Za Zhi 2002; 11:161-63); approved by the FDA in America in 2004; and seen to have similar cost-effectiveness as all other uterine preserving treatments; it is currently only available in two private treatment centers and on a case by case basis on the NHS in the UK and not consistently covered by any major US insurance company...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418291/virulence-analysis-of-bacillus-cereus-isolated-after-death-of-preterm-neonates-nice-france-2013
#4
Romain Lotte, Anne-Laure Hérissé, Yasmina Berrouane, Laurène Lotte, Florence Casagrande, Luce Landraud, Sabine Herbin, Nalini Ramarao, Laurent Boyer, Raymond Ruimy
After the deaths of 2 preterm neonates with Bacillus cereus systemic infection in the same intensive care unit, we investigated the pathogenic potential of this bacterium. Genetic and virulence analysis indicated the neonates were infected with 2 different strains with a virulence potential similar to environmental strains, indicating likely patient immune response failure.
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416016/variation-in-rates-of-icu-readmissions-and-post-icu-in-hospital-mortality-and-their-association-with-icu-discharge-practices
#5
Nelleke van Sluisveld, Ferishta Bakhshi-Raiez, Nicolette de Keizer, Rebecca Holman, Gert Wester, Hub Wollersheim, Johannes G van der Hoeven, Marieke Zegers
BACKGROUND: Variation in intensive care unit (ICU) readmissions and in-hospital mortality after ICU discharge may indicate potential for improvement and could be explained by ICU discharge practices. Our objective was threefold: (1) describe variation in rates of ICU readmissions within 48 h and post-ICU in-hospital mortality, (2) describe ICU discharge practices in Dutch hospitals, and (3) study the association between rates of ICU readmissions within 48 h and post-ICU in-hospital mortality and ICU discharge practices...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413274/evaluation-of-decision-to-delivery-interval-in-emergency-cesarean-section-a-1-year-prospective-audit-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#6
Sunanda Gupta, Udita Naithani, C Madhanmohan, Ajay Singh, Pradeep Reddy, Apoorva Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) committee on professional standards and the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines suggest that decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) and emergency cesarean section (CS) should not be more than 30 min, and a delay of more than75 min in the presence of maternal or fetal compromise can lead to poor outcome. This prospective 1-year study was conducted on emergency CS in a tertiary care hospital to evaluate the DDI, factors affecting it and to analyze their effects on maternal and neonatal outcome...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412960/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-thulium-laser-transurethral-vaporesection-of-the-prostate-thuvarp-versus-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-turp-in-the-national-health-service-nhs-the-unblocs-trial-a-study
#7
Jo Worthington, Hilary Taylor, Paul Abrams, Sara T Brookes, Nikki Cotterill, Sian M Noble, Tobias Page, K Satchi Swami, J Athene Lane, Hashim Hashim
BACKGROUND: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has been the standard operation for benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) for 40 years, with approximately 25,000 procedures performed annually, and has remained largely unchanged. It is generally a successful operation, but has well-documented risks for the patient. Thulium laser transurethral vaporesection of the prostate (ThuVARP) vaporises and resects the prostate using a surgical technique similar to TURP. The small amount of study data currently available suggests that ThuVARP may have certain advantages over TURP, including reduced blood loss and shorter hospital stay, earlier return to normal activities, and shorter duration of catheterisation...
April 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412800/-visual-quality-comparison-after-multifocal-toric-intraocular-lens-or-monofocal-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#8
K Feng, H K Guo, Y L Zhang, Z Wu
Objective: To compare visual quality and satisfaction after multifocal toric intraocular lens (Acrysof IQ Restor toric, ART) and monofocal toric intraocular lens implantation in patients. Methods: It was a prospective nonrandomized Phase Ⅲ clinical trial. Patients with age-related cataract and corneal astigmatism were enrolled and accepted phacoemulsification combined with implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) in Henan Provincial Eye Hospital during March 2013 to December 2014. Fifty-six cases were divided into two groups according to which IOL they chose...
April 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405529/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-lessons-from-england-of-relevance-to-other-health-systems
#9
REVIEW
Sarah Gentry, Padmanabhan Badrinath
The demand for healthcare is rising due to aging populations, rising chronic disease prevalence, and technological innovations. There are currently more effective and cost-effective interventions available than can be afforded within limited budgets. A new way of thinking about the optimal use of resources is needed. Ensuring that available resources are used for interventions that provide outcomes that patient's most value, rather than a focus just on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, may help to ensure that resources are used optimally...
March 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403710/nice-guidance
#10
(no author information available yet)
Healthcare professionals can now access guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) from smart devices.
April 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403557/research-funding-do-you-get-what-you-pay-for
#11
EDITORIAL
Pontus B Persson, Anja B Persson
Our society is based on transactions. As customers, we expect to be treated not only politely, but obligingly, by the providers of products or services we pay for. Return policies ensure that, more often than not, we actually get what we pay for. Significantly more often. And then, everything is different when research is funded commercially. If, however, customers get what they pay for, this is nice material for a little scandal (1). This intro is meant to be provocative, but it may be worth attempting a look behind a field that has much more than COI declarations...
April 12, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403521/understanding-management-and-support-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-dva-within-emergency-departments-a-systematic-literature-review-from-2000-to-2015
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Julie McGarry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify, review and critically evaluate published empirical studies concerned with the prevalence, management and support for survivors of DVA who present at ED. BACKGROUND: DVA is a global phenomenon with a wealth of studies that explore the different aspects of the issue including the economic, social and health effects on survivors and on society as a whole. ED is widely recognised as one healthcare facility where DVA survivors will often disclose DVA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399768/spiritual-care-should-be-part-of-the-code
#13
Wilfred McSherry, Linda Ross
We welcome the new National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard, which calls for individualised care plans that address the 'cultural, religious or social preferences' of people in the last two to three days of life, as well as those of people important to them.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399758/ask-dying-adults-about-their-spiritual-beliefs-nice-says
#14
Erin Dean
Essential facts Religion should be included in discussions about the care of people in the last two to three days of life, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399333/unprecedented-variety-of-outcomes-in-the-oxygenation-of-dinuclear-alkylzinc-derivatives-of-a-n-n-coupled-bis-%C3%AE-diketimine
#15
Tomasz Pietrzak, Maciej Damian Korzyński, Iwona Justyniak, Karolina Zelga, Arkadiusz Kornowicz, Zbigniew Ochal, Janusz Lewinski
Harnessing dinuclear three-coordinate alkylzinc derivatives of a N,N-coupled bis(β-diketimine) proligand as a model system, we demonstrate for the first time that a slight modification in the reaction conditions have a dramatic influence on the oxygenation reaction outcomes leading to unprecedented products originating from a single reaction system. Our studies indicate that accessibility of the three-coordinate zinc center for O2 molecule coupled with the lower reactivity of Zn-Me vs Zn-Et units towards dioxygen are key factors in the oxygenation process, providing a novel tetranuclear methyl(methoxy)zinc and zinc ethoxide...
April 11, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396846/towards-automated-calculation-of-evidence-based-clinical-scores
#16
Christopher A Aakre, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Vitaly Herasevich
AIM: To determine clinical scores important for automated calculation in the inpatient setting. METHODS: A modified Delphi methodology was used to create consensus of important clinical scores for inpatient practice. A list of 176 externally validated clinical scores were identified from freely available internet-based services frequently used by clinicians. Scores were categorized based on pertinent specialty and a customized survey was created for each clinician specialty group...
March 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395629/a-clinical-companion-to-the-nice-guide-on-bronchiolitis
#17
Eleanor Rogers, Karen Greaves, Siba Prosad Paul
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) ( 2015 ) defines bronchiolitis as a lower respiratory tract infection affecting children under two years, peaking between three and six months. It affects about one in three infants in the first year of life, making it the most common respiratory infection in infants ( NICE 2015 , 2016 ). Of these infants, 2-3% will require admission to hospital ( NICE 2016 ). Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common organism detected in the nasopharyngeal aspirate in hospitalised infants, although other viruses such as rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus, influenza virus, adenovirus and human metapneumovirus are increasingly being recognised ( Paul et al 2016 )...
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394671/the-u-k-nice-2014-guidelines-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-lessons-learned-in-a-narrative-review-addressing-inadvertent-limitations-and-bias
#18
Stephen Birch, Myeong Soo Lee, Nicola Robinson, Terje Alraek
Several systematic reviews suggest that acupuncture is effective for knee osteoarthritis (OA), and furthermore a safe and cost-effective treatment for this condition. A recent clinical practice guideline (CPG) from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), in the United Kingdom, recommended against the use of acupuncture on the grounds that the effect size (ES) in comparison with sham acupuncture is too small. Safety data were not considered in the review, in addition the levels of evidence for acupuncture against other recommended therapies were not compared...
April 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394189/academia-pharma-partnerships-for-novel-drug-discovery-essential-or-nice-to-have
#19
Michelle Palmer, Rathnam Chaguturu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392923/-nissabacter-archeti-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-member-of-enterobacteriaceae-family-isolated-from-human-sample-at-archet-2-hospital-nice-france
#20
K D Mlaga, R Lotte, H Montaudié, J-M Rolain, R Ruimy
We propose the main characteristics of a new bacterium species named Nissabacter archeti strain 2134 (CSURP3445 = LT631518), isolated from pustule scalp of a 29-year-old man at hospital Archet 2, Nice, south of France.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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