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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820690/scaling-up-of-an-innovative-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-transmission-in-uruguay-in-the-framework-of-an-intersectoral-approach-with-and-without-community-participation
#1
César Basso, Elsa García da Rosa, Rosario Lairihoy, Ruben M Caffera, Ingrid Roche, Cristina González, Ricardo da Rosa, Alexis Gularte, Eduardo Alfonso-Sierra, Max Petzold, Axel Kroeger, Johannes Sommerfeld
To contribute to the prevention of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, a process of scaling up an innovative intervention to reduce Aedes aegypti habitats, was carried out in the city of Salto (Uruguay) based on a transdisciplinary analysis of the eco-bio-social determinants. The intervention in one-third of the city included the distributions of plastic bags for all households to collect all discarded water containers that were recollected by the Ministry of Health and the Municipality vector control services. The results were evaluated in 20 randomly assigned clusters of 100 households each, in the intervention and control arm...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820448/vitamin-d-status-of-residents-in-taiyuan-china-and-influencing-factors
#2
Xiaoning Yan, Jasmine S Thomson, Ruibao Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Zhaolin Wang, Na Zhang, Jane Coad
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported worldwide. Residents of Taiyuan, China, were predicted to be at high risk of vitamin D deficiency due to its high latitude, heavy air pollution, and cultural sun avoidance. This study investigated the vitamin D status of office workers, and explored the potential determinants of capillary 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration as well as the relationship between 25(OH)D and metabolic syndrome. Two hundred participants, aged 20 to 80 years, were recruited...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820391/deep-brain-stimulation-alters-light-phase-food-intake-microstructure-in-rats
#3
P Prinz, P Kobelt, S Scharner, M Goebel-Stengel, D Harnack, K Faust, Y Winter, M Rose, A Stengel
Treatment of eating disorders like obesity or anorexia is challenging. Options are limited and new approaches desired. An interesting approach is the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is part of the food reward system. A pilot study reported that DBS of the NAcc shell modulates food intake and body weight in rats. Underlying mechanisms such as the food intake microstructure are unknown so far. Normal weight female Sprague-Dawley rats were equipped with a custom-made DBS electrode placed unilaterally in the NAcc shell...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819124/long-term-2001-2013-observations-of-water-soluble-dicarboxylic-acids-and-related-compounds-over-the-western-north-pacific-trends-seasonality-and-source-apportionment
#4
Suresh K R Boreddy, Kimitaka Kawamura, Eri Tachibana
To better understand the impact of East Asian pollutants on the molecular composition of marine organic aerosols, we conducted long-term (2001-2013) observations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids and related compounds in total suspended particulate samples collected at Chichijima Island in the western North Pacific (WNP). Seasonal variations of all the diacids and related compounds showed maxima in winter and spring and minima in summer, except for azelaic acid (C9), which maximized in summer to autumn. The overall annual concentrations of the total diacids, ω-oxoacids and α-dicarbonyls showed an increase during 2001-2013...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818908/deep-sequencing-reveals-a-divergent-ugandan-cassava-brown-streak-virus-isolate-from-malawi
#5
Willard Mbewe, Stephan Winter, Settumba Mukasa, Fred Tairo, Peter Sseruwagi, Joseph Ndunguru, Siobain Duffy
Illumina sequencing of RNA from a cassava cutting from northern Malawi produced a genome of Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV-MW-NB7_2013). Sequence comparisons revealed stronger similarity to an isolate from nearby Tanzania (93.4% pairwise nucleotide identity) than to those previously reported from Malawi (86.9 to 87.0%).
August 17, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818817/insights-from-flutracking-thirteen-tips-to-growing-a-web-based-participatory-surveillance-system
#6
Craig Dalton, Sandra Carlson, Michelle Butler, Daniel Cassano, Stephen Clarke, John Fejsa, David Durrheim
Flutracking is a weekly Web-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Australia that has grown from 400 participants in 2006 to over 26,000 participants every week in 2016. Flutracking monitors both the transmission and severity of ILI across Australia by documenting symptoms (cough, fever, and sore throat), time off work or normal duties, influenza vaccination status, laboratory testing for influenza, and health seeking behavior. Recruitment of Flutrackers commenced via health department and other organizational email systems, and then gradually incorporated social media promotion and invitations from existing Flutrackers to friends to enhance participation...
August 17, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818355/ar-v7-in-peripheral-whole-blood-of-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-association-with-treatment-specific-outcome-under-abiraterone-and-enzalutamide
#7
Anna Katharina Seitz, Silvia Thoene, Andreas Bietenbeck, Roman Nawroth, Robert Tauber, Mark Thalgott, Sebastian Schmid, Ramona Secci, Margitta Retz, Jürgen E Gschwend, Jürgen Ruland, Christof Winter, Matthias M Heck
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) expression in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) predicts poor treatment response in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone or enzalutamide. OBJECTIVE: To develop a practical and robust liquid profiling approach for direct quantification of AR-V7 in peripheral whole blood without the need for CTC capture and to determine its potential for predicting treatment response in mCRPC patients...
August 14, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817721/stable-isotopes-in-tissues-discriminate-the-diet-of-free-living-wild-boar-from-different-areas-of-central-italy
#8
Giuseppe Russo, Pier Paolo Danieli, Riccardo Primi, Andrea Amici, Marco Lauteri
The use of isotopic signatures in animal tissues provides information on the environment where they are living and, notably, on their diet. Carbon and, whenever possible, nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed in animal hairs, muscles and fat. Particularly, we analyzed both carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions (δ13C and δ15N) on wild boar samples across three different areas of central Italy (Latium region): Tyrrhenian Coast (TC), Maremma (MA) and Central Plains (CP). The agricultural habits of these areas imply that, in winter, no crops are available for wild boars, which feed mainly on acorns and natural feeds (tubers, earthworms etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817658/hyperspectral-prediction-of-leaf-area-index-of-winter-wheat-in-irrigated-and-rainfed-fields
#9
Guangxin Li, Chao Wang, Meichen Feng, Wude Yang, Fangzhou Li, Ruiyun Feng
The growth status of winter wheat in irrigated field and rainfed field are obviously different and the field types may have an effect on the predictive accuracy of hyperspectral model. The objectives of the present study were to understand the difference of spectral sensitive wavelengths for leaf area index (LAI) in two field types and realize its hyperspectral prediction. In study, a total of 31 and 28 sample sites in irrigated fields and rainfed fields respectively were selected from Wenxi County, and the LAI and canopy spectra were also collected at the main grow stage of winter wheat...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815955/the-role-of-iqsec2-in-syndromic-intellectual-disability-narrowing-the-diagnostic-odyssey
#10
Benjamin M Helm, Zoe Powis, Carlos E Prada, Olga L Casasbuenas-Alarcon, Tonya Balmakund, G B Schaefer, Stephen G Kahler, Julie Kaylor, Susan Winter, Yuri A Zarate, Samantha A Schrier Vergano
While X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) syndromes pose a diagnostic challenge for clinicians, an increasing number of recognized disorders and their genetic etiologies are providing answers for patients and their families. The availability of clinical exome sequencing is broadening the ability to identify mutations in genes previously unrecognized as causing XLID. In recent years, the IQSEC2 gene, located at Xp11.22, has emerged as the cause of multiple cases of both nonsyndromic and syndromic XLID. Herein we present a case series of six individuals (five males, one female) with intellectual disability and seizures found to have alterations in IQSEC2...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815716/characterization-of-h5n6-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses-isolated-from-wild-and-captive-birds-in-the-winter-season-of-2016-2017-in-northern-japan
#11
Takahiro Hiono, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Keita Matsuno, Atsushi Haga, Ritsuko Iwata, Lam Thanh Nguyen, Mizuho Suzuki, Yuto Kikutani, Hiroshi Kida, Manabu Onuma, Yoshihiro Sakoda
On November 15, 2016, a suspected case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in a dead black swan was reported from a zoo in Akita prefecture, northern Japan, and an HPAI virus (HPAIV) belonging to the H5N6 subtype was isolated from specimens taken from the bird. After the initial report, 230 cases of HPAI caused by H5N6 viruses were reported from wild birds, captive birds, and domestic poultry farms throughout the country during the winter season. In the present study, we further characterized 66 H5N6 HPAIVs isolated from northern Japan...
August 16, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815698/altered-regulation-of-terminal-flower-1-causes-the-unique-vernalisation-response-in-an-arctic-woodland-strawberry-accession
#12
Elli A Koskela, Takeshi Kurokura, Tuomas Toivainen, Anita Sønsteby, Ola M Heide, Daniel J Sargent, Sachiko Isobe, Laura Jaakola, Hrannar Hilmarsson, Paula Elomaa, Timo Hytönen
Vernalisation requirement is an agriculturally important trait that postpones the development of cold-sensitive floral organs until the spring. The family Rosaceae includes many agriculturally important fruit and berry crops that suffer from crop losses caused by frost injury to overwintering flower buds. Recently, a vernalisation-requiring accession of the Rosaceae model woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) has been identified in northern Norway. Understanding the molecular basis of the vernalisation requirement in this accession would advance the development of strawberry cultivars better adapted to temperate climate...
August 16, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815168/retro-ureteral-small-bowel-herniation-after-radical-cystectomy
#13
Abbey L Cole-Clark, Dane W Cole-Clark, Matthew Winter, Venu Chalasani, Philip Bergersen
Small bowel obstruction caused by internal herniation under ureteric bands is a rare occurrence. Only 6 previous cases have been documented. This case report reviews the case of a 79-year-old male who presented to emergency with abdominal pain requiring subsequent laparotomy and release of internal herniation of bowel under ureter.
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814806/enhanced-wintertime-greenhouse-effect-reinforcing-arctic-amplification-and-initial-sea-ice-melting
#14
Yunfeng Cao, Shunlin Liang, Xiaona Chen, Tao He, Dongdong Wang, Xiao Cheng
The speeds of both Arctic surface warming and sea-ice shrinking have accelerated over recent decades. However, the causes of this unprecedented phenomenon remain unclear and are subjects of considerable debate. In this study, we report strong observational evidence, for the first time from long-term (1984-2014) spatially complete satellite records, that increased cloudiness and atmospheric water vapor in winter and spring have caused an extraordinary downward longwave radiative flux to the ice surface, which may then amplify the Arctic wintertime ice-surface warming...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814720/seasonal-total-methane-depletion-in-limestone-caves
#15
Chris L Waring, Stuart I Hankin, David W T Griffith, Michael A Kertesz, Victoria Kobylski, Neil L Wilson, Nicholas V Coleman, Graham Kettlewell, Robert Zlot, Michael Bosse, Graham Bell
Methane concentration in caves is commonly much lower than the external atmosphere, yet the cave CH4 depletion causal mechanism is contested and dynamic links to external diurnal and seasonal temperature cycles unknown. Here, we report a continuous 3-year record of cave methane and other trace gases in Jenolan Caves, Australia which shows a seasonal cycle of extreme CH4 depletion, from ambient ~1,775 ppb to near zero during summer and to ~800 ppb in winter. Methanotrophic bacteria, some newly-discovered, rapidly consume methane on cave surfaces and in external karst soils with lifetimes in the cave of a few hours...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813022/impact-of-orientation-on-the-vitamin-d-weighted-exposure-of-a-human-in-an-urban-environment
#16
Michael Schrempf, Nadine Thuns, Kezia Lange, Gunther Seckmeyer
The vitamin D₃-weighted UV exposure of a human with vertical posture was calculated for urban locations to investigate the impact of orientation and obstructions on the exposure. Human exposure was calculated by using the 3D geometry of a human and integrating the radiance, i.e., the radiant energy from the direct solar beam and the diffuse sky radiation from different incident and azimuth angles. Obstructions of the sky are derived from hemispherical images, which are recorded by a digital camera with a fisheye lens...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812674/red-list-of-a-black-box
#17
Helen R P Phillips, Erin K Cameron, Olga Ferlian, Manfred Türke, Marten Winter, Nico Eisenhauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812496/walking-the-dog-gets-older-people-out-rain-or-shine
#18
(no author information available yet)
Older dog owners are likely to be more physically active in the winter than people of similar age are in the summer, a study has found.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811980/erap1-overexpression-in-hpv-induced-malignancies-a-possible-novel-immune-evasion-mechanism
#19
Alina Steinbach, Jan Winter, Miriam Reuschenbach, Renata Blatnik, Alexandra Klevenz, Miriam Bertrand, Stephanie Hoppe, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Agnieszka K Grabowska, Angelika B Riemer
Immune evasion of tumors poses a major challenge for immunotherapy. For human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced malignancies, multiple immune evasion mechanisms have been described, including altered expression of antigen processing machinery (APM) components. These changes can directly influence epitope presentation and thus T-cell responses against tumor cells. To date, the APM had not been studied systematically in a large array of HPV(+) tumor samples. Therefore in this study, systematic expression analysis of the APM was performed on the mRNA and protein level in a comprehensive collection of HPV16(+) cell lines...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811882/seasonal-changes-in-leaf-chemistry-and-leaf-selection-of-the-japanese-giant-flying-squirrel-upon-two-tree-species
#20
Mutsumi Ito, Noriko Tamura, Fumio Hayashi
Tree leaves are important food sources for arboreal herbivores, such as primates, rodents, and marsupials. These animals do not eat leaves randomly in habitats with many tree species but rather choose based on the chemical components of leaves, such as sugars, fibers, proteins, and toxins. However, the effects of the microscale distribution of these chemicals within each leaf have not been examined for these animals. The giant flying squirrels Petaurista leucogenys are entirely arboreal, nocturnal herbivores, usually feeding on leaves and dropping leaf debris on the ground after partially consuming them...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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