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Stem cell harvesting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545044/differentiation-of-spontaneously-contracting-cardiomyocytes-from-non-virally-reprogrammed-human-amniotic-fluid-stem-cells
#1
Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Christopher J M Tsao, Madeline N Monroe, Xavier Legras, Beatrice Bissig-Choisat, Karl-Dimiter Bissig, Rodrigo Ruano, Jeffrey G Jacot
Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defect. The limiting factor in tissue engineering repair strategies is an autologous source of functional cardiomyocytes. Amniotic fluid contains an ideal cell source for prenatal harvest and use in correction of congenital heart defects. This study aims to investigate the potential of amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSC) to undergo non-viral reprogramming into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) followed by growth-factor-free differentiation into functional cardiomyocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536528/rescued-chondrogenesis-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-under-interleukin-1-challenge-by-foamyviral-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-gene-transfer
#2
Nicole Armbruster, Jennifer Krieg, Manuel Weißenberger, Carsten Scheller, Andre F Steinert
Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their chondrogenic differentiation have been extensively investigated in vitro as MSCs provide an attractive source besides chondrocytes for cartilage repair therapies. Here we established prototype foamyviral vectors (FVV) that are derived from apathogenic parent viruses and are characterized by a broad host range and a favorable integration pattern into the cellular genome. As the inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 beta (IL1β) is frequently present in diseased joints, the protective effects of FVV expressing the human interleukin 1 receptor antagonist protein (IL1RA) were studied in an established in vitro model (aggregate culture system) of chondrogenesis in the presence of IL1β...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533948/radiosensitization-effect-of-hsa-mir-138-2-3p-on-human-laryngeal-cancer-stem-cells
#3
Ying Zhu, Li-Yun Shi, Yan-Min Lei, Yan-Hong Bao, Zhao-Yang Li, Fei Ding, Gui-Ting Zhu, Qing-Qing Wang, Chang-Xin Huang
BACKGROUND: Treatments that target cancer stem cells play an important role in the controlling and eliminating of tumor initiation as well as in development, progression, and chemotherapy/radiotherapy resistance. In our previous study, we cultured and harvested human laryngeal cancer stem cells (CSCs) and applied microRNA biochips to screen differentially expressed miRNAs that were related to radiation tolerance in irradiated human laryngeal CSCs. According to the predicted genes and pathways of differential miRNAs target, down-regulated expression of hsa-miR-138-2-3p under radiation was thought to play a key role in enhancing the radio-sensitivity in human laryngeal squamous cancer stem cells...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532062/polylactide-and-polycaprolactone-based-substrates-enhance-angiogenic-potential-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-implications-for-cardiovascular-repair
#4
Małgorzata Sekuła, Patrycja Domalik-Pyzik, Anna Morawska-Chochół, Sylwia Bobis-Wozowicz, Elżbieta Karnas, Sylwia Noga, Dariusz Boruczkowski, Marta Adamiak, Zbigniew Madeja, Jan Chłopek, Ewa K Zuba-Surma
Recent approaches in tissue regeneration focus on combining innovative achievements of stem cell biology and biomaterial sciences to develop novel therapeutic strategies for patients. Growing recent evidence indicates that mesenchymal stem cells harvested from human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly (hUC-MSCs) are a new valuable source of cells for autologous as well as allogeneic therapies in humans. hUC-MSCs are multipotent, highly proliferating cells with prominent immunoregulatory activity. In this study, we evaluated the impact of widely used FDA approved poly(α-esters) including polylactide (PLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) on selected biological properties of hUC-MSCs in vitro...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531915/bone-marrow-stem-cells-anti-liver-fibrosis-potency-inhibition-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-activity-and-extracellular-matrix-deposition
#5
Ervina Julien Sitanggang, Radiana Dhewayani Antarianto, Sri Widia A Jusman, Jeanne Adiwinata Pawitan, Ahmad Aulia Jusuf
Transplantation of bone marrow derived stem cells (BMSCs) has been reported inhibits liver fibrosis. Several in vitro studies by co-culturing BMSCs and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) indirectly or directly in 2D models showed inhibition of HSC as the key player in liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated direct effect of BMSCs on HSCs by co-culturing BMSCs and HSCs in 3D model as it represents the liver microenvironment with intricate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Primary isolated rat HSCs and BMSCs were directly co-cultured at 1:1 ratio with hanging drop method...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529022/effect-of-microgravity-on-the-mesenchymal-stem-cell-characteristics-of-limbal-fibroblasts
#6
Shu-I Pao, Ke-Hung Chien, Hsin-Ting Lin, Ming-Cheng Tai, Jiann-Torng Chen, Chang-Min Liang
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are important for regenerative medicine. Limbal fibroblasts (LFs), present in the corneal limbus, have been shown to possess MSC characteristics, and can differentiate into other cell types. The current study sought to investigate the effect of microgravity on the proliferation and differentiation of LFs, and identify culture conditions to obtain a high proportion of LFs possessing MSC characteristics. METHODS: A rotary cell culture system was used to generate microgravity...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528807/comparison-of-amicus-and-cobe-spectra-for-allogenic-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-harvest-study-from-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#7
Rasika Dhawan Setia, Satyam Arora, Anil Handoo, Tina Dadu, Dharma Choudhary, Sajeev Kumar Sharma, Gaurav Kharya, Vipin Khandelwal, Prerna Sachdeva, Divya Doval, Anamika Bakliwal, Meenu Kapoor, Shalu Bajaj, Virendra Bachchas, Praveen Singh
INTRODUCTION: Most common source of stem cell graft for both autologous and allogenic haematopoietic transplants are peripheral blood haematopoietic progenitor stem cells. Adequate collection of the CD34+ cells and safety of the allogenic donor during the leukapheresis are of prime importance to an apheresis physician. Our retrospective analysis is a comparison between of two platforms namely, COBE Spectra and Amicus, for CD34+ mononuclear cell collection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study included the data of GSCF (Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating Factor) mobilized allogenic PBSC collections at our centre from January 2015 to June 2016...
April 24, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526089/adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-liposuction-and-resected-fat-are-feasible-sources-for-regenerative-medicine
#8
Sandra Schneider, Marina Unger, Martijn van Griensven, Elizabeth R Balmayor
BACKGROUND: The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in research and in regenerative medicine has progressed. Bone marrow as a source has drawbacks because of subsequent morbidities. An easily accessible and valuable source is adipose tissue. This type of tissue contains a high number of MSCs, and obtaining higher quantities of tissue is more feasible. Fat tissue can be harvested using different methods such as liposuction and resection. First, a detailed isolation protocol with complete characterization is described...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523456/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-administration-significantly-improves-outcome-after-retinal-ischemia-in-rats
#9
Biji Mathew, Jacqueline N Poston, John C Dreixler, Leianne Torres, Jasmine Lopez, Ruth Zelkha, Irina Balyasnikova, Maciej S Lesniak, Steven Roth
PURPOSE: Ischemia-associated retinal degeneration is one of the leading causes of vision loss, and to date, there are no effective treatment options. We hypothesized that delayed injection of bone-marrow stem cells (BMSCs) 24 h after the onset of ischemia could effectively rescue ischemic retina from its consequences, including apoptosis, inflammation, and increased vascular permeability, thereby preventing retinal cell loss. METHODS: Retinal ischemia was induced in adult Wistar rats by increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) to 130-135 mmHg for 55 min...
May 18, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518092/isolation-of-the-side-population-in-myc-induced-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-zebrafish
#10
Margaret M Pruitt, Wilfredo Marin, Michael R Waarts, Jill L O de Jong
Heterogeneous cell populations, from either healthy or malignant tissues, may contain a population of cells characterized by a differential ability to efflux the DNA-binding dye Hoechst 33342. This "side population" of cells can be identified using flow cytometric methods after the Hoechst 33342 dye is excited by an ultraviolet (UV) laser. The side population of many cell types contains stem- or progenitor-like cells. However, not all cell types have an identifiable side population. Danio rerio, zebrafish, have a robust in vivo model of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), but whether these zebrafish T-ALLs have a side population is unknown...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513874/%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-regulation-of-epc-features-through-manipulation-of-the-bone-marrow-msc-niche
#11
Rana Vafaei, Seyed Mahdi Nassiri, Vahid Siavashi
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reside in a specific niche in the bone marrow however biological features of this niche are still not fully understood. Given the interactions of MSCs with endothelial cells in different tissues, bone marrow MSC niche may influence the biological features of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). To understand the role of the sympathetic nervous system in regulation of the MSC niche, we examined whether the manipulation of the MSC niche via β3-adrenergic signals will affect EPC features...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512599/effect-of-trichilia-monadelpha-meliaceae-extracts-on-bone-histomorphology-in-complete-freund-s-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#12
Inemesit Okon Ben, Eric Woode, George Asumeng Koffuor, Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye
AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of petroleum ether extract (PEE), ethyl acetate extract (EthE), and ethanol extract (EAE) of Trichilia monadelpha stem bark on bone histomorphology in arthritis. METHODS: Percentage inhibition of edema and arthritic scores in complete Freund's adjuvant-induced (0.1 ml of 5 mg/ml(1) of heat-killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis in paraffin oil-injected subplantar into the right hind paw) arthritic Sprague-Dawley rats treated with PEE, EthE, or EAE (10,30, and 100 mg/kg(1), respectively), dexamethasone (0...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511664/yields-and-chondrogenic-potential-of-primary-synovial-mesenchymal-stem-cells-are-comparable-between-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis-patients
#13
Yuji Kohno, Mitsuru Mizuno, Nobutake Ozeki, Hisako Katano, Keiichiro Komori, Shizuka Fujii, Koji Otabe, Masafumi Horie, Hideyuki Koga, Kunikazu Tsuji, Mikio Matsumoto, Haruka Kaneko, Yuji Takazawa, Takeshi Muneta, Ichiro Sekiya
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells derived from the synovial membrane (synovial MSCs) are a candidate cell source for regenerative medicine of cartilage and menisci due to their high chondrogenic ability. Regenerative medicine can be expected for RA patients with the inflammation well-controlled as well as OA patients and transplantation of synovial MSCs would also be a possible therapeutic treatment. Some properties of synovial MSCs vary dependent on the diseases patients have, and whether or not the pathological condition of RA affects the chondrogenesis of synovial MSCs remains controversial...
May 16, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510331/isolation-of-ready-to-use-adipose-derived-stem-cell-asc-pellet-for-clinical-applications-and-a-comparative-overview-of-alternate-methods-for-asc-isolation
#14
Edoardo Raposio, Nicolò Bertozzi
Current literature does not offer a standardized method to isolate adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for clinical applications and hence clinical studies using ASCs often show inconsistent results. Most of these studies borrow laboratory or benchside-derived protocols, which are complex, time consuming, and involve the use of chemical, animal-derived reagents. In this unit we describe a relatively simple and faster isolation protocol that allows collection of a ready-to-use ASC pellet for clinical application...
May 16, 2017: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505596/engineered-hydrogels-increase-the-post-transplantation-survival-of-encapsulated-hesc-derived-midbrain-dopaminergic-neurons
#15
Maroof M Adil, Tandis Vazin, Badriprasad Ananthanarayanan, Gonçalo M C Rodrigues, Antara T Rao, Rishikesh U Kulkarni, Evan W Miller, Sanjay Kumar, David V Schaffer
Cell replacement therapies have broad biomedical potential; however, low cell survival and poor functional integration post-transplantation are major hurdles that hamper clinical benefit. For example, following striatal transplantation of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), only 1-5% of the neurons typically survive in preclinical models and in clinical trials. In general, resource-intensive generation and implantation of larger numbers of cells are used to compensate for the low post-transplantation cell-survival...
May 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504918/sheep-placenta-cotyledons-a-noninvasive-source-of-ovine-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Iris Ribitsch, Souyet Chang-Rodriguez, Monika Egerbacher, Simone Gabner, Sinan Gueltekin, Johann Huber, Therese Schuster, Florien Jenner
Sheep are one of the most frequently used large animal models in stem cell research. However, minimal invasive or noninvasive sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in sheep are scarce. In the light of the principles of the 3Rs (reduce, refine, replace), it would therefore be desirable to identify a minimally invasive or noninvasive ovine MSC source. In humans, the chorionic villi of the placenta, which can be noninvasively harvested as part of the afterbirth, have been identified as a rich source of MSCs...
May 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493842/mesenchymal-stem-cell-infiltration-during-neoplastic-transformation-of-the-human-prostate
#17
W Nathaniel Brennen, Baohui Zhang, Ibrahim Kulac, L Nelleke Kisteman, Lizamma Antony, Hao Wang, Alan K Meeker, Angelo M De Marzo, Isla P Garraway, Samuel R Denmeade, John T Isaacs
Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) have been identified in prostate cancer, raising the critical question of their physical and temporal source. Therefore, MSCs were quantified and characterized in benign and malignant prostate tissue representing different disease states and a wide range of age groups from fetal development through adult death using analytical and functional methodologies. In contrast to lineage-restricted Mesenchymal Progenitor Cells (MPCs) found in normal prostate tissue, MSCs with tri-lineage differentiation potential (adipogenesis, osteogenesis, and chondrogenesis) are identified in prostate tissue from a subset of men with prostate cancer, consistent with an influx of more stem-like progenitors (i...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485020/pegylated-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-versus-non-pegylated-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-for-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-mobilization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jew W Kuan, Anselm T Su, Chooi F Leong
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilizes and increases the amount of hematopoietic stem cells in peripheral blood, enabling its harvest by few apheresis procedures. The pegylated G-CSF has longer half-life and is given once only, which is more comfortable for patients, whereas the non-pegylated requires multiple daily injection because of its short half-life. We summarized results of randomized trials comparing the efficacy and safety of pegylated and non-pegylated G-CSF for peripheral blood stem cell mobilization...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479032/taking-the-endochondral-route-to-craniomaxillofacial-bone-regeneration-a-logical-approach
#19
REVIEW
Elmer C Kruijt Spanjer, Gerhard K P Bittermann, Inge E M van Hooijdonk, Antoine J W P Rosenberg, Debby Gawlitta
The current golden standard for treatment of craniomaxillofacial critical size bone defects, autologous bone grafting, is associated with several disadvantages which have prompted an increased demand for alternatives. New solutions are emerging in the form of bone tissue engineering. This involves harvesting of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), after which they can be differentiated towards the osteogenic lineage mimicking intramembranous bone formation. However, translating this approach from laboratory to clinic has met with limited success...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473335/evaluation-of-autologous-skeletal-muscle-derived-factors-for-regenerative-medicine-applications
#20
M Yoshikawa, T Nakasa, M Ishikawa, N Adachi, M Ochi
OBJECTIVES: Regenerative medicine is an emerging field aimed at the repair and regeneration of various tissues. To this end, cytokines (CKs), growth factors (GFs), and stem/progenitor cells have been applied in this field. However, obtaining and preparing these candidates requires invasive, costly, and time-consuming procedures. We hypothesised that skeletal muscle could be a favorable candidate tissue for the concept of a point-of-care approach. The purpose of this study was to characterize and confirm the biological potential of skeletal muscle supernatant for use in regenerative medicine...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Research
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