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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944498/immigrant-health-through-the-lens-of-home-visitors-supervisors-and-administrators-the-florida-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program
#1
Esther Jean-Baptiste, Paige Alitz, Pamela C Birriel, Siobhan Davis, Rema Ramakrishnan, Leandra Olson, Jennifer Marshall
OBJECTIVE: The Florida Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program aims to minimize the occurrence of adverse maternal and child health outcomes for mothers deemed at-risk during pregnancy or shortly after childbirth. This study sought to understand the needs of and challenges faced by immigrant families in accessing health care through the perspective of Florida MIECHV home visitors, supervisors, and administrators. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: In this exploratory qualitative study, focus groups were held at each of the Florida MIECHV-funded program sites with a total of 81 MIECHV staff to discuss how the program addresses a range of participant needs...
September 25, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944490/hybrid-ultrasound-mr-guided-hifu-treatment-method-with-3d-motion-compensation
#2
Zarko Celicanin, Gibran Manasseh, Lorena Petrusca, Klaus Scheffler, Vincent Auboiroux, Lindsey A Crowe, Jean-Noel Hyacinthe, Yutaka Natsuaki, Francesco Santini, Christoph D Becker, Sylvain Terraz, Oliver Bieri, Rares Salomir
PURPOSE: Treatments using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the abdominal region remain challenging as a result of respiratory organ motion. A novel method is described here to achieve 3D motion-compensated ultrasound (US) MR-guided HIFU therapy using simultaneous ultrasound and MRI. METHODS: A truly hybrid US-MR-guided HIFU method was used to plan and control the treatment. Two-dimensional ultrasound was used in real time to enable tracking of the motion in the coronal plane, whereas an MR pencil-beam navigator was used to detect anterior-posterior motion...
September 24, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944129/endoscopic-assisted-ommaya-reservoir-placement-technical-note
#3
Jessica Lane, Brad E Zacharia
Ommaya reservoir placement has been an option for patients requiring cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) access since the 1960s. It is preferred to repeat lumbar punctures, both in terms of patient comfort and the consistency of intrathecal drug concentration. Technological developments have advanced the placement technique, allowing for better accuracy and reduced complications. Freehand placement was first augmented with pneumoencephalograms and intraoperative computerized tomography (CT), then with optical-based navigation, and finally by utilizing electromagnetic neuronavigation...
July 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944121/direct-anterior-approach-using-navigation-improves-accuracy-of-cup-position-compared-to-conventional-posterior-approach
#4
Jason Chow, Simon Pearce, Kuk-Ki Cho, William Walter
The accuracy of cup position in total hip arthroplasty is essential for a satisfactory result as malpositioning increases the risk of complications including dislocation, high wear rate, loosening, squeaking, edge loading, impingement and ultimately failure. We studied 166 patients in a single-surgeon-series of matched cohorts of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasties. Four separate groups were identified comprising of the posterior approach +/- navigation and the direct anterior approach +/- navigation...
July 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943907/total-en-bloc-spondylectomy-of-the-eleventh-thoracic-vertebra-following-denosumab-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-a-giant-cell-tumor
#5
Gen Inoue, Takayuki Imura, Masayuki Miyagi, Wataru Saito, Ryo Tazawa, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Masashi Takaso
Although denosumab has been reported to induce effective clinical results with respect to tumor shrinkage in a short-term follow-up clinical study, total spondylectomy is recognized as the treatment of choice for eradicating giant cell tumors (GCTs) of the spine. The present study reports the case involving a GCT in the 11th thoracic vertebra complicated by idiopathic scoliosis and treated using total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) with preoperative denosumab therapy. A 35-year-old woman received preoperative denosumab therapy for 8 months, followed by surgery using a computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system that optimized accuracy by recognizing the area of the detached parietal pleura, the irregular border of the collapsed vertebra, and the adjacent vertebra...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941792/multidisciplinary-evaluation-of-an-emergency-department-nurse-navigator-role-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Melanie Jessup, Paul Fulbrook, Frances B Kinnear
AIM: To utilise multidisciplinary staff feedback to assess their perceptions of a novel emergency department nurse navigator role and to understand the impact of the role on the department. BACKGROUND: Prolonged emergency department stays impact patients, staff and quality of care, and are linked to increased morbidity and mortality. One innovative strategy to facilitate patient flow is the navigator: a nurse supporting staff in care delivery to enhance efficient, timely movement of patients through the department...
September 20, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941508/updates-in-management-of-craniomaxillofacial-gunshot-wounds-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible
#7
REVIEW
Baber Khatib, Savannah Gelesko, Melissa Amundson, Allen Cheng, Ashish Patel, Tuan Bui, Eric J Dierks, R Bryan Bell
This article includes updates in the management of mandibular trauma and reconstruction as they relate to maxillomandibular fixation screws, custom hardware, virtual surgical planning, and protocols for use of computer-aided surgery and navigation when managing composite defects from gunshot injuries to the face.
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941505/advances-in-the-reconstruction-of-orbital-fractures
#8
REVIEW
Scott E Bevans, Kris S Moe
Orbital reconstruction is one of the most challenging tasks for surgeons who treat craniofacial trauma. Suboptimal outcomes carry a high level of morbidity, with functional, emotional, and aesthetic implications. However, advances in reconstruction techniques, including the use of orbital endoscopy, computer-guided navigation, and mirror image overlay techniques, have been shown to provide significant improvements in outcomes. This article provides practical advice for applying these techniques to orbital reconstruction following trauma...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940960/the-meaning-of-patient-nurse-interaction-for-older-women-in-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#9
Darcy Mize
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of patient-nurse interaction for older women receiving care in healthcare settings. BACKGROUND: Older women are often overlooked or misunderstood by the nurses caring for them. Some research exists on nurses' perception of their interaction with patients, yet few studies have described the meaning of such interaction from the patients' perspective. METHODS: This was a pilot study using qualitative description as a methodology...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940484/phase-correction-for-three-dimensional-3d-diffusion-weighted-interleaved-epi-using-3d-multiplexed-sensitivity-encoding-and-reconstruction-3d-muser
#10
Hing-Chiu Chang, Edward S Hui, Pui-Wai Chiu, Xiaoxi Liu, Nan-Kuei Chen
PURPOSE: Three-dimensional (3D) multiplexed sensitivity encoding and reconstruction (3D-MUSER) algorithm is proposed to reduce aliasing artifacts and signal corruption caused by inter-shot 3D phase variations in 3D diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging (DW-EPI). THEORY AND METHODS: 3D-MUSER extends the original framework of multiplexed sensitivity encoding (MUSE) to a hybrid k-space-based reconstruction, thereby enabling the correction of inter-shot 3D phase variations...
September 23, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940432/computed-tomography-image-navigation-patient-tracker-on-the-cheek-during-osteoplastic-flaps
#11
Laura Garcia-Rodriguez, John Craig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940335/promotion-of-early-pediatric-hearing-detection-through-patient-navigation-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Matthew L Bush, Zachary R Taylor, Bryce Noblitt, Taylor Shackleford, Thomas J Gal, Jennifer B Shinn, Liza M Creel, Cathy Lester, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the efficacy of a patient navigator intervention to decrease nonadherence to obtain audiological testing following failed screening, compared to those receiving the standard of care. METHODS: Using a randomized controlled design, guardian-infant dyads, in which the infants had abnormal newborn hearing screening, were recruited within the first week after birth. All participants were referred for definitive audiological diagnostic testing...
September 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940247/enhancing-patient-safety-in-the-operating-theatre-from-the-perspective-of-experienced-operating-theatre-nurses
#13
Eydis Ingvarsdottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
THE STUDY'S RATIONALE: Surgical care is an extensive component of modern health care, but patient safety issues and complications of surgery have been identified as a major cause of death and disability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, from the perspective of experienced operating theatre nurses (OTNs), how patient safety in the operating theatre (OT) can be enhanced. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND METHODS: In this phenomenological study, 14 individual interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 11 participants: ten women and one man...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937615/sfol-pulse-a-high-accuracy-dme-pulse-for-alternative-aircraft-position-and-navigation
#14
Euiho Kim, Jiwon Seo
In the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) performance based navigation strategy announced in 2016, the FAA stated that it would retain and expand the Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) infrastructure to ensure resilient aircraft navigation capability during the event of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) outage. However, the main drawback of the DME as a GNSS back up system is that it requires a significant expansion of the current DME ground infrastructure due to its poor distance measuring accuracy over 100 m...
September 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937588/robust-dehaze-algorithm-for-degraded-image-of-cmos-image-sensors
#15
Chen Qu, Du-Yan Bi, Ping Sui, Ai-Nong Chao, Yun-Fei Wang
The CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) is a new type of solid image sensor device widely used in object tracking, object recognition, intelligent navigation fields, and so on. However, images captured by outdoor CMOS sensor devices are usually affected by suspended atmospheric particles (such as haze), causing a reduction in image contrast, color distortion problems, and so on. In view of this, we propose a novel dehazing approach based on a local consistent Markov random field (MRF) framework. The neighboring clique in traditional MRF is extended to the non-neighboring clique, which is defined on local consistent blocks based on two clues, where both the atmospheric light and transmission map satisfy the character of local consistency...
September 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937447/community-general-pediatricians-perspectives-on-providing-autism-diagnoses-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#16
Melanie Penner, Gillian A King, Laura Hartman, Evdokia Anagnostou, Michelle Shouldice, Charlotte Moore Hepburn
OBJECTIVE: Community general pediatricians (CGPs) are a potential resource to increase capacity for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnostic assessments. The objective of this study was to explore factors influencing CGPs' perspectives on and practices of providing ASD diagnoses. METHODS: This qualitative study used a constructivist modified grounded theory approach. Participants included CGPs who had attended ASD educational events or had referred a child with suspected ASD to a tertiary rehabilitation center...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937268/real-time-intra-procedural-18f-fdg-pet-ct-guided-biopsy-using-automated-robotic-biopsy-arm-ara-in-the-evaluation-of-thoracic-lesions-with-prior-inconclusive-biopsy-results
#17
Renjith Kalathoorakathu Radhakrishnan, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Arun Kumar Reddy Gorla, Rajender Kumar Basher, Ashwani Sood, Amanjit Bal, Naveen Kalra, Niranjan Khandelwal, Navneet Singh, Digambar Behera
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and appraise the diagnostic utility of real time 18F-FDG PET/CT guided biopsy under automated robotic biopsy arm (ARA) guidance for the evaluation of thoracic lesions with prior inconclusive biopsy results. METHODS: PET/CT guided biopsy of thoracic lesions was performed in patients who had at least one previous inconclusive biopsy. A total of 25 patients (Male: Female- 18 males, 7 females; Age: Range- 13-75; mean- 53...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936929/holding-firm-power-push-back-and-opportunities-in-navigating-the-liminal-space-of-critical-qualitative-health-research
#18
Corinne Hart, Jennifer M Poole, Marcia E Facey, Janet A Parsons
Critical qualitative health researchers typically occupy and navigate liminal academic spaces and statuses, with one foot planted in the arts and social sciences and the other in biomedical science. We are at once marginalized and empowered, and this liminality presents both challenges and opportunities. In this article, we draw on our experiences of being (often the lone) critical qualitative health scholars on thesis advisory committees and dissertation examinations, as well as our experiences of publishing and securing funding, to illuminate how power and knowledge relations create conditions that shape the nature of our roles...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936235/health-literacy-and-atrial-fibrillation-relevance-and-future-directions-for-patient-centred-care
#19
Konstantinos N Aronis, Brittany Edgar, Wendy Lin, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Jared W Magnani
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia with significant clinical outcomes, and is associated with high medical and social costs. AF is complicated for patients because of its specialised terminology, long-term adherence, symptom monitoring, referral to specialty care, array of potential interventions and potential for adversity. Health literacy is a frequently under-recognised, yet fundamental, component towards successful care in AF. Health literacy is defined as the capacity to obtain, process and understand health information, and has had markedly limited study in AF...
2017: European Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935857/sensorimotor-computation-underlying-phototaxis-in-zebrafish
#20
Sébastien Wolf, Alexis M Dubreuil, Tommaso Bertoni, Urs Lucas Böhm, Volker Bormuth, Raphaël Candelier, Sophia Karpenko, David G C Hildebrand, Isaac H Bianco, Rémi Monasson, Georges Debrégeas
Animals continuously gather sensory cues to move towards favourable environments. Efficient goal-directed navigation requires sensory perception and motor commands to be intertwined in a feedback loop, yet the neural substrate underlying this sensorimotor task in the vertebrate brain remains elusive. Here, we combine virtual-reality behavioural assays, volumetric calcium imaging, optogenetic stimulation and circuit modelling to reveal the neural mechanisms through which a zebrafish performs phototaxis, i.e...
September 21, 2017: Nature Communications
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