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Medicine apps

M Barone, A Cogliandro, R Salzillo, V Tambone, P Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of the current study were: (1) to perform a systematic review of the existing scientific literature on appearance and any subsequently related disorders and (2) to research in the literature the correlation between the role of appearance and patient's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review protocol was developed a priori in accordance with the Preferred Reporting for Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidance...
June 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Guilin Meng, Xiulin Meng, Xiaoye Ma, Gengping Zhang, Xiaolin Hu, Aiping Jin, Yanxin Zhao, Xueyuan Liu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an increasing concern in human health. Despite significant research, highly effective drugs to treat AD are lacking. The present study describes the text mining process to identify drug candidates from a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) database, along with associated protein target mechanisms. We carried out text mining to identify literatures that referenced both AD and TCM and focused on identifying compounds and protein targets of interest. After targeting one potential TCM candidate, corresponding protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were assembled in STRING to decipher the most possible mechanism of action...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
Deborah Davis, Rachel Davey, Lauren T Williams, Maralyn Foureur, Ellen Nohr, Catherine Knight-Agarwal, Tanya Lawlis, Jeremy Oats, Helen Skouteris, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of women gain excessive weight in pregnancy. Optimizing gestational weight gain is important for the short- and long-term health of the childbearing woman and her baby. Despite this, there is no recommendation for routine weighing in pregnancy, and weight is a topic that many maternity care providers avoid. Resource-intensive interventions have mainly targeted overweight and obese women with variable results. Few studies have examined the way that socioeconomic status might influence the effectiveness or acceptability of an intervention to participants...
May 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Marc S Williams, Melissa S Kern, Virginia R Lerch, Jonathan Billet, Janet L Williams, Gregory J Moore
BACKGROUND: Genomic medicine is emerging into clinical care. Communication of genetic laboratory results to patients and providers is hampered by the complex technical nature of the laboratory reports. This can lead to confusion and misinterpretation of the results resulting in inappropriate care. Patients usually do not receive a copy of the report leading to further opportunities for miscommunication. To address these problems, interpretive reports were created using input from the intended end users, patients and providers...
May 30, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Jing-Hua Zhang, Lin-Jie Yu, Hui Yang, Zhen Hui, Su Jiang, Ling Chen, Yang Zhao, Su-Lei Wang, Yi Liu, Yun Xu
BACKGROUND: It is well known that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory deficits and cognitive decline. Amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition and synaptic dysfunction play important roles in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Huatuo Zaizao pill (HT) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that has been used clinically for many years in China, mainly for post-stroke rehabilitation and cognitive decline; however, the mechanism of cognitive function is not clear...
May 29, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Allen P Anandarajah, Timothy E Quill, Michael R Privitera
BACKGROUND: The high rates of burnout among medical professionals in the US are well documented. The reasons for burnout and the factors that contribute to physician resilience among healthcare providers in academic centers however are less well studied. METHODS: Healthcare providers at a large academic center were surveyed to measure degree of burnout and callousness and identify associated factors. Additional questions evaluated the features linked to resilience...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Katie Geelan-Hansen, Samantha Anne, Michael S Benninger
Burnout in modern medicine is becoming more recognized and researched. The objective in this study is to evaluate burnout in a tertiary care academic institution and compare results among faculty, trainees, and advanced practice practitioners (APPs) in a cross-sectional survey using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Fifty-two surveys were distributed; 44 participants completed the survey (85%): 25 staff physicians (57%), 14 resident physicians (32%), and 5 nurse practitioners (11%). Staff physicians had low emotional exhaustion, moderate depersonalization, and low result for reduced personal accomplishments; trainees reported low emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and moderate reduced personal accomplishment; and nurse practitioners reported moderate on all 3 dimensions...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Paula R Pullen, William S Seffens, Walter R Thompson
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine is a rapidly growing area of biomedical inquiry. Yoga has emerged in the forefront of holistic medical care due to its long history of linking physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Research in yoga therapy (YT) has associated improved cardiovascular and quality of life (QoL) outcomes for the special needs of heart failure (HF) patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to review yoga intervention studies on HF patients, discuss proposed mechanisms, and examine yoga's effect on physiological systems that have potential benefits for HF patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Yun Freudenberg-Hua, Wentian Li, Peter Davies
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, which has a substantial genetic component. AD affects predominantly older people. Accordingly, the prevalence of dementia has been rising as the population ages. To date, there are no effective interventions that can cure or halt the progression of AD. The only available treatments are the management of certain symptoms and consequences of dementia. The current state-of-the-art medical care for AD comprises three simple principles: prevent the preventable, achieve early diagnosis, and manage the manageable symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Blaise Genton, Valérie D'Acremont
Advancements in technology have led to the development of medical applications (Apps) and websites. Their use is especially relevant in the field of travel medicine, be it for travelers before their trip to get specific information on how to best prevent diseases and medical emergencies, or during their trip on what to do in case of health problem while abroad. These resources are also relevant for health professionals to prepare their clients before departure and know how to deal with medical problems they are not familiar with...
May 2, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Sean D Young
Mobile technologies, such as wireless glucometers and mobile health apps, are increasingly being integrated into health and medical care. Because patients openly share real-time information about their health behaviors and outcomes on social media, social media data may also be used as a tool for monitoring patient care. This commentary describes how recent advances in computer science, psychology, and medicine enable social media data to become a new health "vital sign," as well as actionable steps that public health officials, health systems, and clinics can take to integrate social data into both public and population health as well as into individual patient care...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Yangmei Huang, Baihong Guo, Bihua Shi, Qingtao Gao, Qiang Zhou
Reduced cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may occur in early AD, which contributes to the pathogenesis and/or pathological progression of AD. Reversing this deficit may have therapeutic potential. Certain traditional Chinese herbal medicines (e.g., Saponin and its major component Xueshuantong [XST]) increase blood flow in humans, but whether they could be effective in treating AD patients has not been tested. We found that systemic XST injection elevated cerebral blood flow in APP/PS1 transgenic mice using two-photon time-lapse imaging in the same microvessels before and after injection...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Muhib Khan, Grayson L Baird, Theresa Price, Tricia Tubergen, Omran Kaskar, Michelle De Jesus, Joseph Zachariah, Adam Oostema, Raymond Scurek, Robert R Coleman, Wendy Sherman, Cynthia Hingtgen, Tamer Abdelhak, Brien Smith, Brian Silver
Background: Advanced practice providers (APPs) are important members of stroke teams. Stroke code simulations offer valuable experience in the evaluation and treatment of stroke patients without compromising patient care. We hypothesized that simulation training would increase APP confidence, comfort level, and preparedness in leading a stroke code similar to neurology residents. Methods: This is a prospective quasi-experimental, pretest/posttest study. Nine APPs and 9 neurology residents participated in 3 standardized simulated cases to determine need for IV thrombolysis, thrombectomy, and blood pressure management for intracerebral hemorrhage...
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Chengcheng Tu, Emma K T Benn
While junior clinical researchers at academic medical institutions across the US often desire to be actively engaged in randomized-clinical trials, they often lack adequate resources and research capacity to design and implement them. This insufficiency hinders their ability to generate a rigorous randomization scheme to minimize selection bias and yield comparable groups. Moreover, there are limited online user-friendly randomization tools. Thus, we developed a free robust randomization app (RRApp). RRApp incorporates 6 major randomization techniques: simple randomization, stratified randomization, block randomization, permuted block randomization, stratified block randomization, and stratified permuted block randomization...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Michael Lang, Ma'n H Zawati
Mobile health applications are increasingly being used as tools of medicine. Outside of the clinic, some of these applications may contribute to diagnoses made absent a physician's care. We argue that this contravenes reservations of diagnosis to healthcare professionals in the law of two Canadian provinces: Quebec and Ontario. On the one hand, the law conceives of diagnosis in relatively broad terms. Drawing an association between symptoms and illness, for example, has been recognized in case law as sufficient...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
Jennifer L Prisco, Philip M Hritcko, Brett Feret, Mark L Yorra, Noreen E Todd, Kim Tanzer, Cathy Basile, Kara Bonaceto, Rita Morelli, Nicole Carace, Andrew Szumita
OBJECTIVE: To compare and contrast experiential education perceptions of pharmacy residency program directors (RPDs) and doctor of pharmacy students in their last year of the curriculum for residency application considerations. METHODS: The New England Regional Departments of Experiential Education (NERDEE) consortium developed a 17-question survey to assess residency factors, including those related to experiential education. The survey was dispersed to advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) students from six colleges/schools of pharmacy and RPDs nationwide...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Julia Geissler, Thomas Jans, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Tobias Renner, Daniel Brandeis, Manfred Döpfner, Christina Dose, Christopher Hautmann, Martin Holtmann, Carolin Jenkner, Sabina Millenet, Marcel Romanos
BACKGROUND: Despite the high persistence rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) throughout the lifespan, there is a considerable gap in knowledge regarding effective treatment strategies for adolescents with ADHD. This group in particular often shows substantial psychosocial impairment, low compliance and insufficient response to psychopharmacological interventions. Effective and feasible treatments should further consider the developmental shift in ADHD symptoms, comorbidity and psychosocial adversity as well as family dysfunction...
April 27, 2018: Trials
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