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c-reactive protein

A Laudisio, L Navarini, D P E Margiotta, A Gemma, S Giovannini, A Saviano, R Bernabei, A Afeltra, G Zuccalà, R Antonelli Incalzi
OBJECTIVE: Due to the aging of populations, the prevalence of hearing loss and osteoporosis is increasing. Previous studies have found an association between these conditions. Nevertheless, the pathophysiologic pathway of such an association has not yet been established. The present study aimed at evaluating the association, if any, of hearing loss with osteoporosis in an older unselected population, and whether this association varied according to inflammatory status. PATIENTS AND METHODS:   We assessed the association of osteoporosis with a self-reported hearing loss in all 310 subjects aged 75+ living in Tuscania (Italy), without exclusion criteria...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Z Chen, L Cheng, G Feng
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a sporadic condition of inflammatory bone pain that occurs as recurrent flares because of osteomyelitis, which presents in the form of multiple aseptic foci. The estimated prevalence of CRMO is 1-2 per million, affecting mostly children, in the age group of 2 to 17. Main symptoms of CRMO are bone inflammation and pain, which are generally worse at night. Other symptoms seen on radiographs indicate osteolytic lesions surrounded by sclerosis, at later stages of the disease...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Silvana Neves Ferraz de Assunção, Ney Christian Amaral Boa Sorte, Crésio De Aragão Dantas Alves, Patrícia S Almeida Mendes, Carlos Roberto Brites Alves, Luciana Rodrigues Silva
INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by the intrahepatic deposition of fat. It is the most prevalent liver disease in the world, affecting obese children and adolescents. Its pathophysiology is not fully understood, although it is often related to insulin resistance. This in turn would be due to an inflammatory condition common to obesity. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe the behavior of proinflammatory cytokines in obese children and adolescents, with and without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
January 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Yu-Ling Zou, Wen-Bin Luo, Lin Xie, Xin-Bang Mao, Chao Wu, Zhi-Peng You
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major vision threatening disease mainly induced by high glucose. Despite great efforts were made to explore the etiology of DR, the exact mechanism responsible for its pathogenesis remains elusive. METHODS: In our study, we constructed diabetic rats via Streptozotocin (STZ) injection. TUNEL assay was employed to examine retinal cell apoptosis. The levels of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed via flow cytometry...
March 21, 2018: Endocrine
Michael J Duffy, Naoise C Synnott, John Crown
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to discuss mutant p53 as a possible therapeutic target and biomarker for breast cancer. RESULTS: TP53 (p53) is the most frequently mutated gene in invasive breast cancer. Although mutated in 30-35% of all cases, p53 is mutated in approximately 80% of triple-negative (TN) tumors (i.e., tumors negative for ER, PR, and HER2). Because of this high prevalence, mutated p53 is both a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for patients with breast cancer, especially for those with the TN subtype...
March 21, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Brian S W Chong, Christopher J Brereton, Alexander Gordon, Joshua S Davis
Background: Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) is rising in incidence, but optimal methods of investigation and duration of antibiotic therapy remain controversial. Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study of PVO at an Australian teaching hospital. We included all adults with a first episode of PVO between 2006 and 2015. PVO was defined based on the presence of prespecified clinical and radiological criteria. The main exposures of interest were investigation strategy and antibiotic treatment...
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Jung Sook Yeom, Chung Mo Koo, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli . The patient was admitted with a high fever, and she was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis based on pyuria and the results of urine culture, which detected cefotaxime-sensitive E. coli . Although intravenous cefotaxime and tobramycin were administered, her fever persisted and her C-reactive protein level increased to 307 mg/L. On day 3 of admission, she demonstrated abnormal neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as delirium, ataxia, and word salad...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Jong Han Kim, Hye Ree Kang, Su Yeong Kim, Ji-Eun Ban
Purpose: Human adenovirus infection mimics Kawasaki disease (KD) but can be detected in KD patients. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical differences between KD with adenovirus infection and only adenoviral infection and to identify biomarkers for prediction of adenovirus-positive KD from isolated adenoviral infection. Methods: A total of 147 patients with isolated adenovirus were identified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In addition, 11 patients having KD with adenovirus, who were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy during the acute phase of KD were also evaluated...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Lissette C Sánchez-Aranguren, Cindy T Espinosa-González, Laura M González-Ortiz, Sandra M Sanabria-Barrera, Carlos E Riaño-Medina, Andrés F Nuñez, Asif Ahmed, Jeannette Vasquez-Vivar, Marcos López
Preeclampsia is a maternal hypertensive disorder that affects up to 1 out of 12 pregnancies worldwide. It is characterized by proteinuria, endothelial dysfunction, and elevated levels of the soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1, known as sFlt-1). sFlt-1 effects are mediated in part by decreasing VEGF signaling. The direct effects of sFlt-1 on cellular metabolism and bioenergetics in preeclampsia, have not been established. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether sFlt-1 causes mitochondrial dysfunction leading to disruption of normal functioning in endothelial and placental cells in preeclampsia...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Britt Nakstad
Introduction: A key challenge in identifying serious bacterial infection in new born infants is the nonspecific clinical presentation of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). Routinely used C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and platelets are nonspecific. We assessed the diagnostic utility of single biomarkers or combinations of procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and hyaluronic acid (HA) in newborn infant with EONS, and in human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) from deliveries with chorioamnionitis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Hong Zhou, HaiXin Qian
Objective: To investigate enteral nutrition's effect on serum inflammatory factors and the cardiac function of malnourished elderly patients with heart failure. Patients and methods: A total of 105 elderly patients with heart failure were randomly divided into 3 groups: Treatment Group A, Treatment Group B, and the Control Group (Group C), each group having 35 patients and being administered conventional heart failure treatment. Group A was treated with 500 mL·d-1 of enteral nutrition for 1 month...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Bijay Dhungel, Slawomir Andrzejewski, Aparna Jayachandran, Ritu Shrestha, Charmaine A Ramlogan-Steel, Christopher J Layton, Jason C Steel
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health problem as evidenced by its increasing incidence and high morbidity and mortality rates. Most patients with HCC have underlying liver disease and dysfunction which limits the current therapeutic options. Treatments that spare the liver and destroy the HCC are needed. Targeting transcriptional differences between HCC and liver cells may provide this therapeutic window. In this study, we examine the potential of the Glypican 3 (GPC3) promoter as a targeting strategy...
March 21, 2018: Gene Therapy
Thomas Roach, Wolfgang Stöggl, Theresa Baur, Ilse Kranner
Photosynthetic organisms suffering from light stress have to cope with an increased formation of reactive short-chain aldehydes. Singlet oxygen generated from highly-charged reaction centres can peroxidise the poly-unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich thylakoid membranes they are embedded in. Lipid peroxides decay to release α,β-unsaturated aldehydes that are reactive electrophile species (RES). Acrolein is one of the most abundant and reactive RES produced in chloroplasts. Here, in the model chlorophyte alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a clear concentration-dependent "distress" induced by acrolein intoxication was observed in conjunction with depletion of the glutathione pool...
March 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Gunnar Elke, Frank Bloos, Darius Cameron Wilson, Frank Martin Brunkhorst, Josef Briegel, Konrad Reinhart, Markus Loeffler, Stefan Kluge, Axel Nierhaus, Ulrich Jaschinski, Onnen Moerer, Andreas Weyland, Patrick Meybohm
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the ability of mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) in comparison to conventional biomarkers (procalcitonin (PCT), lactate, C-reactive protein) and clinical scores to identify disease severity in patients with sepsis. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock across 33 German intensive care units. The association between biomarkers and clinical scores with mortality was assessed by Cox regression analysis, area under the receiver operating characteristic and Kaplan-Meier curves...
March 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Yongjuan Luo, Yujie Liu, Xin Guan, Ying Zhang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the recommended treatment for high risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of three dimensional-speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) on patients diagnosed with NSTEMI undergoing PCI. METHODS: Forty-four NSTEMI patients and 20 healthy subjects that received basic clinical and laboratory examinations were included in our study...
March 15, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Ozkan Isik, Irfan Yildirim, Yasin Ersoz, Halit Bugra Koca, Ilkay Dogan, Elmas Ulutas
BACKGROUND: Weight loss practice before competitions is a common method in weight sports. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to monitor Plasma Osmolarity (POsm), skeletal muscle damage and inflammation levels induced by pre-competition dehydration among elite wrestlers. METHODS: Twenty-four male elite wrestlers participated in the study. A survey information form that assessed pre-competition weight loss practices were administered to the wrestlers...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Y Q Zhu, S P Ma, B Li, C Y Zheng, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the serum level of interleukin-38 (IL-38) and its clinical significance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Totally 72 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD group) and 65 patients with stable COPD (S-COPD group) were recruited from Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 2016 to August 2017. In the same period 40 elderly healthy subjects were selected as control group (C group). The general data and laboratory examination results of these subjects were recorded...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Everton Cazzo, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim, Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
BACKGROUND: The glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2) are gut hormones that may directly affect the glucose homeostasis and their activity seems to be significantly affected by chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postprandial levels of glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the postprandial glucose and insulin levels among individuals with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and healthy controls. METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study, which involved individuals awaiting for bariatric/metabolic surgery and healthy controls...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Naomi Rahimi-Levene, Maya Koren-Michowitz, Ronit Zeidenstein, Victoria Peer, Ahuva Golik, Tomer Ziv-Baran
Patients hospitalized with pneumonia may require packed red blood cell (RBC) transfusion during their hospital stay. Patient survival may be associated with the transfusion trigger. These patients may need a higher hemoglobin (Hb) trigger than that suggested by the AABB guidelines (7 g/dL).The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the initial transfusion Hb trigger and in-hospital mortality.A historical cohort study of all patients hospitalized in an internal medicine ward between 2009 and 2014 with pneumonia, who received at least 1 unit of RBC, was evaluated...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lihong Wang, Chih-Hsin Tang, Tingting Lu, Yi Sun, Guohong Xu, Chien-Chung Huang, Shun-Fa Yang, Chen-Ming Su
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease. To date, the specific mechanisms that drive RA disease remain unknown and provide the impetus for genetic investigations into the development of RA. Researchers hope to identify gene polymorphisms that could serve as treatment targets in patients with RA. We have previously suggested that the gene encoding the pro-inflammatory adipokine resistin (RETN) may correlate with RA development. In this report, we sought to determine whether selected RETN single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with RA susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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