keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

waka

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804518/comparative-frequency-of-four-different-types-of-pregnancy-associated-thyrotoxicosis-in-a-single-thyroid-centre
#1
Akane Ide, Nobuyuki Amino, Takumi Kudo, Waka Yoshioka, Mako Hisakado, Eijun Nishihara, Mitsuru Ito, Shuji Fukata, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Akira Miyauchi
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and delivery markedly influence thyroid function. However, the comparative prevalence of gestational thyrotoxicosis (GT), new onset of Graves' disease during pregnancy (GD during pregnancy), postpartum destructive thyrotoxicosis (PPT), and postpartum Graves' thyrotoxicosis (PPGD) has not yet been determined. METHODS: We prospectively registered and performed a review of 4127 consecutive non treated female patients with thyrotoxicosis, seen between August 2008 and December 2013 in our outpatient clinic of Kuma Hospital...
2017: Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801834/current-characteristics-and-management-of-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-40-consecutive-cases-from-a-multicenter-study-in-the-kyushu-area-of-japan
#2
Masaya Suzuhigashi, Tatsuru Kaji, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Mitsuru Muto, Michiko Goto, Motoi Mukai, Kazuhiko Nakame, Takafumi Kawano, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. RESULTS: Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40)...
August 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801804/a-comparison-of-the-characteristics-and-precision-of-needle-driving-for-right-handed-pediatric-surgeons-between-right-and-left-driving-using-a-model-of-infant-laparoscopic-diaphragmatic-hernia-repair
#3
Takamasa Ikee, Shun Onishi, Motoi Mukai, Takafumi Kawano, Koshiro Sugita, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Ryuta Masuya, Seiro Machigashira, Kazuhiko Nakame, Tatsuru Kaji, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: We compared the characteristics and precision of right and left needle driving for right-handed pediatric surgeons using a laparoscopic diaphragmatic repair model. METHODS: Eighteen right-handed pediatric surgeons performed three needle driving maneuvers using both hands. We evaluated the required time and conducted an image analysis. The total path length, velocity, and acceleration of the needle driving were also evaluated. RESULTS: Obtained results show the findings for the required time (s, Rt 310...
August 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759061/molecular-rotors-confined-at-an-ordered-2d-interface
#4
Taizo Mori, Hirokazu Komatsu, Naoki Sakamoto, Kengo Suzuki, Jonathan P Hill, Mutsuyoshi Matsumoto, Hideki Sakai, Katsuhiko Ariga, Waka Nakanishi
Intramolecular rotation of molecules contained in a two-dimensional monolayer or a three-dimensional collapsed film at an air-water interface was investigated by in situ fluorescence spectroscopy of twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) type 9-(2-carboxy-2-cyanovinyl)julolidine (CCVJ) derivatives. The TICT type molecules, CCVJ-C12 and CCVJ-Chol, that contain a linear alkyl dodecyl chain or a cholesteryl group, respectively, as their hydrophobic group, were designed and synthesized to manipulate them at the air-water interface...
July 31, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730605/contributions-of-interleukin-33-and-tslp-in-a-papain-soaked-contact-lens-induced-mouse-conjunctival-inflammation-model
#5
Jobu Sugita, Yosuke Asada, Waka Ishida, Satoshi Iwamoto, Katsuko Sudo, Hajime Suto, Toru Matsunaga, Ken Fukuda, Atsuki Fukushima, Norihiko Yokoi, Tatsukuni Ohno, Miyuki Azuma, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Hirohisa Saito, Masato Kubo, Susumu Nakae, Akira Matsuda
INTRODUCTION: Pathological changes of severe chronic allergic conjunctivitis are driven not only via acquired immunity but also via innate immunity. Type 2 immune response-initiating cytokines may play some roles as innate immunity-dependent components of the ocular surface inflammation. To investigate the involvement of type 2 immune response-initiating cytokines in innate immunity-dependent, papain-induced conjunctival inflammation model using IL-25-, IL-33-, and TSLP receptor (TSLPR)-knockout (KO) mice with reference to basophils and ILC2...
July 20, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725984/cytokine-expression-and-barrier-disruption-in-human-corneal-epithelial-cells-induced-by-alarmin-released-from-necrotic-cells
#6
Ken Fukuda, Waka Ishida, Yusaku Miura, Tatsuma Kishimoto, Atsuki Fukushima
PURPOSE: Dying cells release endogenous molecules known as alarmins that signal danger to surrounding tissue. We investigated the effects of necrotic cell-derived alarmins on cytokine expression and barrier function in human corneal epithelial cells. METHODS: The release of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 from immortalized human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells in culture was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The abundance of IL-6 and 8 mRNAs was quantitated by reverse transcription and real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis...
July 19, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694074/memory-b-cell-resurgence-requires-repeated-rituximab-in-myasthenia-gravis
#7
Kohei Muto, Naoko Matsui, Yuki Unai, Waka Sakai, Shotaro Haji, Kengo Udaka, Hirokazu Miki, Takahiro Furukawa, Masahiro Abe, Ryuji Kaji
The immunologic effects of rituximab (RTX) in myasthenia gravis (MG) remain to be explored. We aimed to clarify immunologic reactions and their association with response to RTX in MG. Regulatory T cell and B cell profiles of MG patients were monitored. Two patients presenting with generalized MG with anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies were treated with RTX. The treatment led to sustained clinical improvement, discontinuation of intravenous immunoglobulin or plasma exchange, and reduction of prednisolone and other drugs...
June 21, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681897/solid-surface-vs-liquid-surface-nanoarchitectonics-molecular-machines-and-dna-origami
#8
Katsuhiko Ariga, Taizo Mori, Waka Nakanishi, Jonathan P Hill
The investigation of molecules and materials at interfaces is critical for the accumulation of new scientific insights and technological advances in the chemical and physical sciences. Immobilization on solid surfaces permits the investigation of different properties of functional molecules or materials with high sensitivity and high spatial resolution. Liquid surfaces also present important media for physicochemical innovation and insight based on their great flexibility and dynamicity, rapid diffusion of molecular components for mixing and rearrangements, as well as drastic spatial variation in the prevailing dielectric environment...
July 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676431/efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-with-a-rice-based-edible-vaccine-containing-hypoallergenic-japanese-cedar-pollen-allergens-for-treatment-of-established-allergic-conjunctivitis-in-mice
#9
Ken Fukuda, Waka Ishida, Yosuke Harada, Yuhya Wakasa, Hidenori Takagi, Fumio Takaiwa, Atsuki Fukushima
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that prophylactic oral administration of transgenic rice seeds expressing hypoallergenic modified antigens suppressed the development of allergic conjunctivitis induced by Japanese cedar pollen. We have now investigated the efficacy of oral immunotherapy with such transgenic rice for established allergic conjunctivitis in mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized with two intraperitoneal injections of Japanese cedar pollen in alum, challenged with pollen in eyedrops, and then fed for 16 days with transgenic rice seeds expressing modified Japanese cedar pollen allergens Cry j 1 and Cry j 2 or with nontransgenic rice seeds as a control...
July 1, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642864/the-effects-of-fasting-and-massive-diarrhea-on-absorption-of-enteral-vancomycin-in-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-observational-study
#10
Takehiko Oami, Noriyuki Hattori, Yosuke Matsumura, Eizo Watanabe, Ryuzo Abe, Taku Oshima, Waka Takahashi, Shingo Yamazaki, Tatsuya Suzuki, Shigeto Oda
PURPOSE: Although vancomycin (VCM) is not absorbed from healthy intestinal mucosa, elevations in the serum VCM concentrations have been reported in some cases. The aims of this study are to evaluate the necessity of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) during enteral VCM administration in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 19 patients admitted to our intensive care unit who were treated with enteral VCM from December 2006 to January 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615933/development-of-a-nomogram-for-predicting-in-hospital-mortality-of-patients-with-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Yukiyo Sakamoto, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Hideo Yasunaga, Hideyuki Takeshima, Wakae Hasegawa, Taisuke Jo, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Takahide Nagase
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often experience exacerbations of their disease, sometimes requiring hospital admission and being associated with increased mortality. Although previous studies have reported mortality from exacerbations of COPD, there is limited information about prediction of individual in-hospital mortality. We therefore aimed to use data from a nationwide inpatient database in Japan to generate a nomogram for predicting in-hospital mortality from patients' characteristics on admission...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590025/apobec3g-is-increasingly-expressed-on-the-human-uterine-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-along-with-disease-progression
#12
Takashi Iizuka, Kousho Wakae, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Koichi Kitamura, Masanori Ono, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Masamichi Muramatsu
PROBLEM: APOBEC3G (A3G) is a cytidine deaminase that exhibits antiviral activity by introducing C-to-T hypermutation in viral DNA. We recently observed the distinct presence of C-to-T hypermutation of human papillomavirus DNA in uterine cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), suggesting the possible involvement of A3G in the mutation-inducing process. Consequently, we investigated the association of A3G expression with CIN progression in this study. METHOD OF STUDY: Patients who had undergone cervical conization due to CIN1 (n=11), CIN2 (n=9), CIN3 (n=12), and micro-invasive squamous cell carcinoma (n=2) were included...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572067/texture-dependent-effects-of-pseudo-chewing-sound-on-perceived-food-texture-and-evoked-feelings-in-response-to-nursing-care-foods
#13
Hiroshi Endo, Shuichi Ino, Waka Fujisaki
Because chewing sounds influence perceived food textures, unpleasant textures of texture-modified diets might be improved by chewing sound modulation. Additionally, since inhomogeneous food properties increase perceived sensory intensity, the effects of chewing sound modulation might depend on inhomogeneity. This study examined the influences of texture inhomogeneity on the effects of chewing sound modulation. Three kinds of nursing care foods in two food process types (minced-/puréed-like foods for inhomogeneous/homogeneous texture respectively) were used as sample foods...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472357/thyroid-dysfunction-and-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases-among-atomic-bomb-survivors-exposed-in-childhood
#14
Misa Imaizumi, Waka Ohishi, Eiji Nakashima, Nobuko Sera, Kazuo Neriishi, Michiko Yamada, Yoshimi Tatsukawa, Ikuno Takahashi, Saeko Fujiwara, Keizo Sugino, Takao Ando, Toshiro Usa, Atsushi Kawakami, Masazumi Akahoshi, Ayumi Hida
Context: The risk of thyroid cancer increases and persists for decades among individuals exposed to ionizing radiation in childhood, while long-term effects of childhood exposure to medium to low doses radiation on thyroid dysfunction and autoimmune thyroid diseases have remained unclear. Objective: To evaluate radiation-dose responses for the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and autoimmune thyroid disease among atomic -bomb survivors exposed in childhood. Design, Setting, and Participants: Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic-bomb survivors who were younger than 10 years old at exposure underwent thyroid examinations at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation between 2007 and 2011, which was 62-66 years after the bombing...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468855/simple-screening-for-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-by-moxalactam-susceptibility-testing
#15
LETTER
Waka Imai, Masakazu Sasaki, Kotaro Aoki, Yoshikazu Ishii, Robert A Bonomo, Tse Hsien Koh, Hinako Murakami, Toshisuke Morita, Kazuhiro Tateda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#16
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331124/evaluation-of-adsorption-characteristics-of-a-fibrous-adsorbent-containing-zwitter-ionic-functional-group-targeting-organic-acids
#17
Akira Nakazawa, Ning Tang, Yoshinori Inoue, Waka Kamichatani, Toshifumi Katoh, Mitsuru Saito, Kenji Obara, Akira Toriba, Kazuichi Hayakawa
Diallylamine-maleic acid copolymer (DAM)-nonwoven fabric (DAM-f), a fibrous adsorbent, contains DAM with zwitter-ionic functional groups and forms a hydration layer on the surface. The aim of this report was to evaluate the adsorption selectivity of DAM-f to semi-volatile organic acid (C1-C5). In the aqueous phase, formic acid dissolved in the hydration layer bound to the imino group of DAM-f due to anion exchange interaction. In the gas phase, the adsorption amounts of organic acids increased with the exposure time...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157107/the-cross-sectional-area-of-paraspinal-muscles-predicts-the-efficacy-of-deep-drain-stimulation-for-camptocormia
#18
Waka Sakai, Shunya Nakane, Eiichirou Urasaki, Keisuke Toyoda, Eisaku Sadakata, Akiko Nagaishi, Takayasu Fukudome, Yuzo Yamakawa, Hidenori Matsuo
BACKGROUND: Camptocormia, a disturbance of posture, is a well-described clinical feature of PD and other parkinsonian syndromes. Previous reports have shown that DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or globus pallidus internus is effective in treating camptocormia. However, the efficacy of DBS for camptocormia varies. OBJECTIVE: To determine a clinical marker for selecting an appropriate therapy for camptocormia, a disabling manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD) that has a variable response to systemic and local therapies...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100282/optimal-regimens-of-sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim-for-chemoprophylaxis-of-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-patients-with-systemic-rheumatic-diseases-results-from-a-non-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Masako Utsunomiya, Hiroaki Dobashi, Toshio Odani, Kazuyoshi Saito, Naoto Yokogawa, Kenji Nagasaka, Kenchi Takenaka, Makoto Soejima, Takahiko Sugihara, Hiroyuki Hagiyama, Shinya Hirata, Kazuo Matsui, Yoshinori Nonomura, Masahiro Kondo, Fumihito Suzuki, Makoto Tomita, Mari Kihara, Waka Yokoyama, Fumio Hirano, Hayato Yamazaki, Ryoko Sakai, Toshihiro Nanki, Ryuji Koike, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Nobuyuki Miyasaka, Masayoshi Harigai
BACKGROUND: Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) is a standard drug for the prophylaxis of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PJP) in immunosuppressed patients with systemic rheumatic diseases, but is sometimes discontinued due to adverse events (AEs). The objective of this non-blinded, randomized, 52-week non-inferiority trial was to quest an effective chemoprophylaxis regimen for PJP with a low drug discontinuation rate. Results at week 24 were reported. METHODS: Adult patients with systemic rheumatic diseases who started prednisolone ≥0...
January 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056660/biochemical-markers-reflecting-thyroid-function-in-athyreotic-patients-on-levothyroxine-monotherapy
#20
Mitsuru Ito, Akira Miyauchi, Mako Hisakado, Waka Yoshioka, Akane Ide, Takumi Kudo, Eijun Nishihara, Minoru Kihara, Yasuhiro Ito, Kaoru Kobayashi, Akihiro Miya, Shuji Fukata, Mitsushige Nishikawa, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Nobuyuki Amino
BACKGROUND: Some investigators reported that among athyreotic patients on levothyroxine (LT4) monotherapy following total thyroidectomy, the patients with normal serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels had mildly low serum free triiodothyronine (fT3) levels, whereas the patients with mildly suppressed serum TSH levels had normal serum fT3 levels, and the patients with strongly suppressed serum TSH had elevated serum fT3 levels. The objective of the present study was to clarify which of these three patient groups is closer to their preoperative euthyroid condition...
April 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
keyword
keyword
28972
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"