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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#1
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
February 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212496/antipsychotic-use-in-dementia
#2
Julia Kirkham, Chelsea Sherman, Clive Velkers, Colleen Maxwell, Sudeep Gill, Paula Rochon, Dallas Seitz
Antipsychotics are necessary for many older adults to treat major mental illnesses or reduce distressing psychiatric symptoms. Current controversy exists over the role of antipsychotics in the management of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in persons with dementia. Although some NPS may be appropriately and safely treated with antipsychotics, a fine balance must be achieved between the benefits of these medications, which are often modest, and adverse events, which may have significant consequences. Approximately one-third of all persons with dementia are currently prescribed antipsychotic medications, and there is significant variation in the use of antipsychotics across care settings and providers...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#3
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212147/monitoring-hospitalized-adult-patients-for-opioid-induced-sedation-and-respiratory-depression
#4
Carla R Jungquist, Kirsten Smith, Kelly L Wiltse Nicely, Rosemary C Polomano
: Opioid analgesics are commonly administered to hospitalized patients to treat acute pain, but these drugs put patients at risk for serious adverse events, such as unintended advancing sedation, respiratory depression, and death. Nurses play an important role in keeping patients safe by making clinical decisions about the frequency and intensity with which patients receiving IV and epidural opioids should be monitored. To make sound clinical judgments, nurses must be aware of the factors that place patients at elevated risk for adverse opioid-related effects and know how to screen and assess patients for these risks...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212142/honoring-motherhood-the-meaning-of-childbirth-for-tongan-women
#5
Shelly J Reed, Lynn Clark Callister, ʼAna Kavaefiafi, Cheryl Corbett, Debra Edmunds
PURPOSE: The purpose of this ethnographic study was to describe the meaning of childbirth for Tongan women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this qualitative descriptive study, 38 Tongan women, 18 from Tonga and 20 from the United States, who had given birth in the past year were invited to share their perceptions of childbirth. Themes were generated collaboratively by the research team. FINDINGS: The overarching theme was honoring motherhood, with other themes including using strength to facilitate an unmedicated vaginal birth, describing the spiritual dimensions of birth, adhering to cultural practices associated with childbearing, and the influence of the concept of respect on childbearing...
February 16, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212054/machine-learning-for-medical-imaging
#6
Bradley J Erickson, Panagiotis Korfiatis, Zeynettin Akkus, Timothy L Kline
Machine learning is a technique for recognizing patterns that can be applied to medical images. Although it is a powerful tool that can help in rendering medical diagnoses, it can be misapplied. Machine learning typically begins with the machine learning algorithm system computing the image features that are believed to be of importance in making the prediction or diagnosis of interest. The machine learning algorithm system then identifies the best combination of these image features for classifying the image or computing some metric for the given image region...
February 17, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211643/postural-analysis-in-a-pediatric-cohort-of-patients-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#7
Claudio Lisi, Serena Monteleone, Carmine Tinelli, Berardo Rinaldi, Giuseppe Di Natali, Salvatore Savasta
BACKGROUND: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a rare disorder affecting the connective tissue. EDS patients may suffer of proprioception and balance impairment but all the studies dealing with such symptoms have been addressed to adult subjects. The Study of such impairment in younger patients may lead to a better awareness of own motor abilities and to a focused rehabilitative intervention. Therefore, our work aims to assess the occurrence of these alterations in a pediatric cohort of EDS patients...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211633/painful-nipple-hyperkeratosis-secondary-to-vemurafenib
#8
Emily S Carr, Shannon C Brown, Katherine H Fiala
Vemurafenib is a selected BRAF kinase inhibitor approved for treating metastatic or unresectable melanoma, which has numerous cutaneous side effects unfortunately, including three previously reported cases of asymptomatic areola and/or nipple hyperkeratosis. We present the first case of painful bilateral nipple hyperkeratosis secondary to vemurafenib in an 84-year-old woman. She was successfully treated with tretinoin 0.05% cream that allowed her to comfortably continue treatment. With increased awareness of this condition, we found a second case of asymptomatic nipple hyperkeratosis secondary to vemurafenib in our clinic...
February 17, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211586/social-cognition-and-emotional-functioning-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#9
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the theory of mind ability in a sample of obese patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and to explore the correlations between emotional and clinical assessments. METHODS: Overall, 20 non-BED, 16 under-threshold BED and 22 BED obese patients completed a battery of tests assessing social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: Binge eating disorder, non-BED and under-threshold-BED obese patients showed similar ability to recognise others' emotions, but BED obese patients exhibited a deficit in recognising their own emotions as demonstrated by more impaired levels of alexithymia and interoceptive awareness and were more depressed...
February 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#10
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211002/factors-that-influence-effective-perioperative-temperature-management-by-anesthesiologists-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#11
Sylvain Boet, Andrea M Patey, Justine S Baron, Karim Mohamed, Ashlee-Ann E Pigford, Gregory L Bryson, Jamie C Brehaut, Jeremy M Grimshaw
PURPOSE: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Safe and effective warming techniques exist to prevent IPH; however, IPH remains common. This study aimed to identify factors that anesthesiologists perceive may influence temperature management during the perioperative period. METHODS: After Research Ethics Board approval, semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff anesthesiologists at a Canadian academic hospital...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210955/the-effects-of-igf-1-on-tnf-%C3%AE-treated-drg-neurons-by-modulating-atf3-and-gap-43-expression-via-pi3k-akt-s6k-signaling-pathway
#12
Lei Zhang, Yaping Yue, Meishuo Ouyang, Huaxiang Liu, Zhenzhong Li
Upregulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) is involved in the development and progression of numerous neurological disorders. Recent reports have challenged the concept that TNF-α exhibits only deleterious effects of pro-inflammatory destruction, and have raised the awareness that it may play a beneficial role in neuronal growth and function in particular conditions, which prompts us to further investigate the role of this cytokine. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a cytokine possessing powerful neuroprotective effects in promoting neuronal survival, neuronal differentiation, neurite elongation, and neurite regeneration...
February 16, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210873/inborn-errors-of-metabolism-associated-with-psychosis-literature-review-and-case-control-study-using-exome-data-from-5090-adult-individuals
#13
Yannis J Trakadis, Vanessa Fulginiti, Mark Walterfang
A literature review was conducted, using the computerized "Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man" (OMIM) and PubMed, to identify inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) in which psychosis may be a predominant feature or the initial presenting symptom. Different combinations of the following keywords were searched using OMIM: "psychosis", "schizophrenia", or "hallucinations" and "metabolic", "inborn error of metabolism", "inborn errors of metabolism", "biochemical genetics", or "metabolic genetics". The OMIM search generated 126 OMIM entries, 40 of which were well known IEM...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210861/the-effects-of-alcoholism-and-smoking-on-advanced-cancer-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-supportive-palliative-care-unit
#14
Sebastiano Mercadante, Claudio Adile, Patrizia Ferrera, Alessandra Casuccio
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the characteristics and symptom burden of advanced cancer patients with alcoholism problems and smoking, who were referred to an acute palliative/supportive care unit (ASPCU) of a comprehensive cancer center. METHODS: Patients' characteristics, indications for admission, kind of admission, awareness of prognosis, and anticancer treatments were recorded. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) was used to assess physical and psychological symptoms, and the CAGE questionnaire for the diagnosis of alcoholism...
February 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210786/females-younger-patients-and-patients-with-high-bmi-have-the-highest-pre-operative-knee-awareness-measured-using-the-forgotten-joint-score
#15
Dana Li, A Troelsen, L Ingelsrud, H Husted, K Gromov
PURPOSE: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a novel measurement for patients' awareness of their knee in daily life. By identifying factors that could explain pre-operative FJS levels, the clinician could better prioritize and single out patients who would benefit most from TKA. The aim of this study was to identify possible factors that may explain the variance of pre-operative FJS levels and evaluate the relationship between pre-operative FJS and pre-operative Oxford Knee Score (OKS)...
February 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210557/desmoid-tumor-following-abdominally-based-free-flap-breast-reconstruction
#16
Christine Oh, Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Brian T Carlsen
Desmoid tumors are fibroblastic connective tissue tumors that most commonly develop within the anterior abdominal wall. The etiology of desmoid tumors has not been well defined; however, hereditary, hormonal, traumatic, and surgery-related causes have been implicated. Desmoid tumors are believed to arise from musculoaponeurotic structures. Development in the breast is very rare. Several reports of desmoid tumors arising in the vicinity of the fibrous capsule of a breast implant have been described, but to date, the authors are not aware of any published cases following autologous breast reconstruction...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210538/patient-and-primary-care-provider-attitudes-and-adherence-towards-lung-cancer-screening-at-an-academic-medical-center
#17
Duy K Duong, Salma Shariff-Marco, Iona Cheng, Harris Naemi, Lisa M Moy, Robert Haile, Baldeep Singh, Ann Leung, Ann Hsing, Viswam S Nair
Low dose CT (LDCT) for lung cancer screening is an evidence-based, guideline recommended, and Medicare approved test but uptake requires further study. We therefore conducted patient and provider surveys to elucidate factors associated with utilization. Patients referred for LDCT at an academic medical center were questioned about their attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs on lung cancer screening. Adherent patients were defined as those who met screening eligibility criteria and completed a LDCT. Referring primary care providers within this same medical system were surveyed in parallel about their practice patterns, attitudes, knowledge and beliefs about screening...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#18
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210528/atraumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-novice-surfer-a-comprehensive-review-and-update
#19
Christian Swinney, David Flick, Moses Cheng
Novice surfers are at risk for a rare but potentially devastating form of atraumatic myelopathy. There are 16 published studies on this condition, including 66 cases. The most common suggested mechanism of injury is static hyperextension. However, active mechanisms, in contrast to static, have also been proposed and may be contributory. First time surfers, defined as those who have never been on a surfboard prior to the day of injury, are at particular risk. These individuals make up 89.5%-100% of the reported novice surfers found in the various reports...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210486/touch-accelerates-visual-awareness
#20
Claudia Lunghi, Luca Lo Verde, David Alais
To efficiently interact with the external environment, our nervous system combines information arising from different sensory modalities. Recent evidence suggests that cross-modal interactions can be automatic and even unconscious, reflecting the ecological relevance of cross-modal processing. Here, we use continuous flash suppression (CFS) to directly investigate whether haptic signals can interact with visual signals outside of visual awareness. We measured suppression durations of visual gratings rendered invisible by CFS either during visual stimulation alone or during visuo-haptic stimulation...
January 2017: I-Perception
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