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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914142/attitudes-regarding-hpv-vaccinations-of-children-among-mothers-with-adolescent-daughters-in-korea
#1
Kyong No Lee, Kylie Hae Jin Chang, Seong Sik Cho, Sung Ho Park, Sung Taek Park
The aim of this study, carried out before the beginning of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations as a National Immunization Program (NIP) in Korea in 2016, is to assess the ranges of perceptions and personal experience and their influences on attitudes regarding HPV vaccinations of children, among mothers of adolescent (9-14 years of age) daughters in Korea. From November 2015 to February 2016, we distributed a written questionnaire to mothers who had daughters aged 9-14 years. The questionnaire consisted of several questions, related to knowledge of HPV, personal experiences of HPV vaccination, and attitudes toward HPV vaccinations of their adolescent daughters...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914107/non-paraneoplastic-autoimmune-subepidermal-bullous-disease-associated-with-fatal-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#2
Mari Orime, Katsuhiro Tomiyama, Hideki Hashidate, Satoru Yoshida, Satoshi Hokari, Akiko Tsuda, Hisashi Yokoyama, Jun-Ichi Narita, Youhei Uchida, Takuro Kanekura, Riichiro Abe, Norito Ishii, Takashi Hashimoto, Kazuhiro Kawai
Bronchiolitis obliterans is a small-airway obstructive lung disease for which immunologically mediated pathogenesis is supposed. Frequent association of bronchiolitis obliterans with paraneoplastic pemphigus is well known, but its association with other autoimmune bullous diseases has not been reported except for a case of anti-laminin-332-type mucous membrane pemphigoid in a patient with chronic graft-versus-host disease. We report a case of non-paraneoplastic autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease associated with fatal bronchiolitis obliterans in a patient without transplantation...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914027/the-role-of-guided-growth-as-it-relates-to-limb-lengthening
#3
REVIEW
Peter M Stevens
For decades, the classic indication for limb lengthening has been reserved for anisomelia that was expected to reach or exceed 5 cm at maturity. Epiphysiodesis was reserved for discrepancies in the 2-5 cm range. With the increasing sophistication of fixators, including rail, hexapod, and hybrid, complex deformities may be corrected simultaneously while moderate to extreme lengthening is achieved. More recently, iterations of telescoping intramedullary rods have further strengthened our armamentarium. Meanwhile, permanent epiphysiodesis techniques, both open and percutaneous, have yielded to more versatile and reversible tethering of one (angle) or both (length) sides of a physis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913946/diagnostic-reproducibility-what-happens-when-the-same-pathologist-interprets-the-same-breast-biopsy-specimen-at-two-points-in-time
#4
Sara L Jackson, Paul D Frederick, Margaret S Pepe, Heidi D Nelson, Donald L Weaver, Kimberly H Allison, Patricia A Carney, Berta M Geller, Anna N A Tosteson, Tracy Onega, Joann G Elmore
BACKGROUND: Surgeons may receive a different diagnosis when a breast biopsy is interpreted by a second pathologist. The extent to which diagnostic agreement by the same pathologist varies at two time points is unknown. METHODS: Pathologists from eight U.S. states independently interpreted 60 breast specimens, one glass slide per case, on two occasions separated by ≥9 months. Reproducibility was assessed by comparing interpretations between the two time points; associations between reproducibility (intraobserver agreement rates); and characteristics of pathologists and cases were determined and also compared with interobserver agreement of baseline interpretations...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913911/assessing-the-food-safety-attitudes-and-awareness-of-managers-of-school-feeding-programmes-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#5
J J Sibanyoni, F T Tabit
The managers of school feeding programmes are responsible for ensuring the safety of the food which is provided to schoolchildren, but very few studies have been conducted on the food safety knowledge and awareness of these managers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety attitudes and awareness of managers of the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in schools in Mpumalanga, a province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were used to collect data from 300 NSNP food service managers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#6
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913788/safety-assessment-of-achillea-millefolium-as-used-in-cosmetics
#7
Lillian C Becker, Wilma F Bergfeld, Donald V Belsito, Ronald A Hill, Curtis D Klaassen, Daniel C Liebler, James G Marks, Ronald C Shank, Thomas J Slaga, Paul W Snyder, F Alan Andersen
Cosmetic ingredients derived from Achillea millefolium function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents-miscellaneous, skin-conditioning agents-humectants, and fragrance ingredients. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (Panel) reviewed relevant animal and human data to determine their safety in cosmetics and raised concerns about cosmetics containing linalool, thujone, quercetin, hydroquinone, or α-peroxyachifolid. Because final product formulations may contain multiple botanicals, each containing similar constituents of concern, formulators are advised to be aware of these components and to avoid reaching levels that may be hazardous to consumers...
November 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913501/mutations-in-aml-prognostic-and-therapeutic-implications
#8
Courtney D DiNardo, Jorge E Cortes
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematologic malignancy characterized by the proliferation and aberrant differentiation of immature clonal myeloid cells. The prognosis of AML is variable, based on clinical features such as patient age, performance status, and comorbidities, as well as leukemia-specific genetic features including cytogenetics and molecular classification. The modern application of next-generation sequencing technology has uncovered marked heterogeneity and genomic complexity within AML, based on the presence or absence of cooperating mutations within functional categories such as epigenetic regulators, cell signaling and proliferation pathways, and master hematopoietic transcription factors...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913372/an-ehealth-project-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-comprehensive-evaluation-of-a-promotional-campaign
#9
Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Roberto Gasparini, Paolo Bonanni, Giancarlo Icardi, Daniela Amicizia, Lucia Arata, Stefano Carozzo, Alessio Signori, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini
BACKGROUND: The recently launched Pneumo Rischio eHealth project, which consists of an app, a website, and social networking activity, is aimed at increasing public awareness of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). The launch of this project was prompted by the inadequate awareness of IPD among both laypeople and health care workers, the heavy socioeconomic burden of IPD, and the far from optimal vaccination coverage in Italy, despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to analyze trends in Pneumo Rischio usage before and after a promotional campaign, to characterize its end users, and to assess its user-rated quality...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913350/guided-wavelet-shrinkage-for-edge-aware-smoothing
#10
Guang Deng
Edge-aware smoothing has been extensively studied due to its wide range of applications in computer vision and graphics.Most published works have been focused on formulating the smoothing problem in the spatial domain. In this paper, we propose a new edge-aware smoothing framework called guided wavelet shrinkage (GWS) which is formulated in the wavelet domain as a maximum a posterior estimation problem. We impose a number of desirable properties on the statistical models and the associated parameters in order to derive an effective and computationally efficient algorithm...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913223/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-beyond-the-liver
#11
REVIEW
S Pischke, J Hartl, S D Pas, A W Lohse, B C Jacobs, A A van der Eijk
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are not limited to the liver but may also affect other organs. Several diseases, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy, glomerulonephritis, cryoglobulinemia, pancreatitis, lymphoma, thrombopenia, meningitis, thyreoiditis and myocarditis have been observed in the context of hepatitis E. To date the definite pathophysiological links between HEV and extrahepatic manifestations are not yet established. However, it is suggested that HEV-infection might be causative based on serological studies, case series, in vitro data and animal models...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913183/nmr-strategies-to-support-medicinal-chemistry-workflows-for-primary-structure-determination
#12
Paul Oguadinma, Francois Bilodeau, Steven R LaPlante
Central to drug discovery is the correct characterization of the primary structures of compounds. In general, medicinal chemists make great synthetic and characterization efforts to deliver the intended compounds. However, there are occasions which incorrect compounds are presented, such as those reported for Bosutinib and TIC10. This may be due to a variety of reasons such as uncontrolled reaction schemes, reliance on limited characterization techniques (LC-MS and/or 1D 1H NMR spectra), or even the lack of availability or knowledge of characterization strategies...
November 24, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913060/outcome-of-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-use-in-females-with-immune-mediated-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Fukiko Komaki, Yuga Komaki, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: Immune mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) commonly affect young and adolescent females. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents are increasingly used to treat these conditions, but their safety during pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pregnancy related outcomes in patients with various immune mediated diseases treated with anti-TNF-α agents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913017/marine-anthropogenic-litter-on-british-beaches-a-10-year-nationwide-assessment-using-citizen-science-data
#14
S E Nelms, C Coombes, L C Foster, T S Galloway, B J Godley, P K Lindeque, M J Witt
Growing evidence suggests that anthropogenic litter, particularly plastic, represents a highly pervasive and persistent threat to global marine ecosystems. Multinational research is progressing to characterise its sources, distribution and abundance so that interventions aimed at reducing future inputs and clearing extant litter can be developed. Citizen science projects, whereby members of the public gather information, offer a low-cost method of collecting large volumes of data with considerable temporal and spatial coverage...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912895/risk-management-abilities-in-multimodal-maritime-supply-chains-visibility-and-control-perspectives
#16
Jyri Vilko, Paavo Ritala, Jukka Hallikas
Supply chain complexity and disintegration lead to increased uncertainty from a stakeholders' perspective, which is emerging as one of the major challenges of risk management. The ability to identify risks has weakened, as the responsibility of supply chain risk management is handed over to outside service providers. Regardless, the risks, their visibility and their impact depend on the position of the companies in the supply chain. The actors in the chain must therefore collaborate to create effective risk management conditions...
November 29, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912780/the-influence-of-cost-per-daly-information-in-health-prioritisation-and-desirable-features-for-a-registry-a-survey-of-health-policy-experts-in-vietnam-india-and-bangladesh
#17
Yot Teerawattananon, Sripen Tantivess, Inthira Yamabhai, Nattha Tritasavit, Damian G Walker, Joshua T Cohen, Peter J Neumann
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation has been implemented to inform policy in many areas, including coverage decisions, technology pricing, and the development of clinical practice guidelines. However, there are barriers to evidence-based policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that include limited stakeholder awareness, resources and data availability, as well as the lack of capacity to conduct country-specific economic evaluations. This study aims to survey health policy experts' opinions on barriers to use of cost-effectiveness data in these settings and to obtain their advice on how to make a new cost-per-DALY database being developed by Tufts Medical Center more relevant to LMICs...
December 3, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912754/bovine-mastitis-prevalence-risk-factors-and-isolation-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-dairy-herds-at-hawassa-milk-shed-south-ethiopia
#18
Rahmeto Abebe, Hagere Hatiya, Mesele Abera, Bekele Megersa, Kassahun Asmare
BACKGROUND: Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance in dairy industry worldwide. It is of particular concern in developing countries like Ethiopia, where milk and milk products are scarce. The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of mastitis, identify the cow-and herd-level potential risk factors and isolate Staphylococcus aureus, one of etiological agents for contagious mastitis, from cows positive for mastitis. A total of 529 lactating cows selected randomly from 95 herds were screened by California mastitis test (CMT) for sub-clinical mastitis...
December 3, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912248/mean-arterial-blood-pressure-management-of-acute-spinal-cord-injured-patients-during-the-pre-hospital-and-early-admission-period
#19
Jin Wee Tee, Farhaan Altaf, Lise M Belanger, Tamir Ailon, John Street, Scott J Paquette, Michael C Boyd, Charles G Fisher, Marcel F Dvorak, Brian K Kwon
The optimization and maintenance of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and the general avoidance of systemic hypotension for the first 5 to 7 days following acute traumatic SCI is considered to be important for minimizing secondary spinal cord ischemic damage. The characterization of hemodynamic parameters in the immediate post-injury stage prior to admission to a specialized spine unit has not been previously reported. Here we describe the blood pressure management of 40 acute tSCI patients in the early post-injury phases of care prior to their arrival in a specialized spinal injury high dependency unit (HDU), intensive care unit (ICU) or operating room (OR)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911973/prevalence-of-osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#20
Nathan Diehl, Margaret M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to define the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients with noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with physician-diagnosed NCFB evaluated at Mayo Clinic Florida between January 1, 2011 and June 3, 2013. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients with physician-diagnosed NCFB and confirmatory findings on computed tomography scan were identified...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
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