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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109011/individual-physician-penalties-resulting-from-violation-of-emtala-a-review-of-office-of-the-inspector-general-patient-dumping-settlements-2002-2015
#1
Sophie Terp, Brandon Wang, Brian Raffetto, Seth A Seabury, Michael Menchine
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of civil monetary penalty settlements levied by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) against individual physicians related to violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). METHODS: Descriptions of all civil monetary penalty settlements between 2002 and 2015 were obtained from the OIG. Characteristics of settlements against individual physicians related to EMTALA violations were described including settlement date, location, amount, whether there was an associated hospital settlement, the medical specialty of the physician involved, and the nature of the allegation...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108926/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#2
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
Peer victimization is associated with several mental health and behavioral problems during childhood and adolescence. Identifying prospective associations between victimization and factors known to protect against these problems may ultimately contribute to more precise developmental models for victimization's role in behavioral and mental health. This study tested prospective associations between peer victimization and dispositional mindfulness, defined by non-judgmental and accepting awareness of the constant stream of lived experience, during early adolescence...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108878/stigma-and-conspiracy-beliefs-related-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-and-interest-in-using-prep-among-black-and-white-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Devon Price, Stephanie Finneran, Aerielle Allen, Jessica Maksut
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US continues to persist, in particular, among race, sexual orientation, and gender minority populations. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), or using antiretroviral medications for HIV prevention, is an effective option, but uptake of PrEP has been slow. Sociocultural barriers to using PrEP have been largely underemphasized, yet have the potential to stall uptake and, therefore, warrant further understanding. In order to assess the relationships between potential barriers to PrEP (i...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108811/who-really-wins-efficacy-of-a-croatian-youth-gambling-prevention-program
#4
Aleksandra Huic, Valentina Kranzelic, Dora Dodig Hundric, Neven Ricijas
This paper reports on the development and pilot evaluation of a Croatian school-based youth gambling prevention program "Who really wins?". The program is aimed at minimizing risk and enhancing protective factors related to youth gambling. A short-term evaluation of the program was conducted with a sample of 190 first and second year high-school students (67.6% boys, aged 14-17 years; average age 15.61). An experimental design with two groups (Training vs. No Training) and two measurement sessions (pre-test and post-test sessions) was used to evaluate change in problem gambling awareness, cognitive distortions, knowledge of the nature of random events as well as in social skills...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108592/social-class-variation-the-effect-of-the-economic-recession-and-childhood-obesity-at-3-years-of-age-in-ireland
#5
Samira Barbara Jabakhanji, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot, Fiona Boland, Regien Biesma
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a social class gradient within overweight prevalence (1-4). Additionally, cross-country comparisons report high overweight trends and a change in food consumption patterns in countries affected by an economic crisis (5-11). The aim of this study was to assess the association between social class and recession on obesity levels in 3-year-old Irish children. METHODS: The population-based infant cohort of the national Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study was used...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108445/multi-rate-poisson-tree-processes-for-single-locus-species-delimitation-under-maximum-likelihood-and-markov-chain-monte-carlo
#6
P Kapli, S Lutteropp, J Zhang, K Kobert, P Pavlidis, A Stamatakis, T Flouri
MOTIVATION: In recent years, molecular species delimitation has become a routine approach for quantifying and classifying biodiversity. Barcoding methods are of particular importance in large-scale surveys as they promote fast species discovery and biodiversity estimates. Among those, distance-based methods are the most common choice as they scale well with large datasets; however, they are sensitive to similarity threshold parameters and they ignore evolutionary relationships. The recently introduced "Poisson Tree Processes" (PTP) method is a phylogeny-aware approach that does not rely on such thresholds...
January 19, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108225/female-schizophrenia-patients-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Ana Isabel Wu Chou, Yu-Chiao Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. This population-based cohort study aimed to examine the association between breast cancer in female schizophrenia patients and its association with the use of antipsychotics drugs. METHODS: All study subjects were selected from the Taiwan Insurance Claims Data (1998-2008). We compared the risk for breast cancer between female schizophrenia patients receiving antipsychotics (n=29,641) with female patients without any serious mental illnesses nor receiving antipsychotic drugs (n=59,282)...
January 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108213/misdiagnosed-roberts-uterus-leading-to-surgical-misadventures
#8
Sijo K John, P Santosh Prabhu, Samarth Virmani, Vijay Kumar, P T Sundeep
BACKGROUND: Developmental anomalies of the Mullerian duct system are some of the most intriguing and challenging disorders that gynaecologists and surgeons encounter in their practice. CASE: We report a 16-year-old adolescent girl with regular menstrual cycles, who presented with recurrent cyclical abdominal pain for which she had undergone two unsuccessful surgeries. Once correctly diagnosed with the rare condition of 'Robert's uterus', she underwent successful metroplasty and is completely asymptomatic at two-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108129/cardiovascular-impact-in-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis-clinical-management-considerations
#9
REVIEW
Srisakul Chirakarnjanakorn, Sankar D Navaneethan, Gary S Francis, W H Wilson Tang
Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis develop both structural and functional cardiovascular abnormalities. Despite improvement of dialysis technology, cardiovascular mortality of this population remains high. The pathophysiological mechanisms of these changes are complex and not well understood. It has been postulated that several non-traditional, uremic-related risk factors, especially the long-term uremic state, which may affect the cardiovascular system. There are many cardiovascular changes that occur in chronic kidney disease including left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, microvascular disease, accelerated atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108110/confronting-death-consciously-a-look-at-terror-management-theory-and-immortality-awareness-theory
#10
EDITORIAL
Larry Dossey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107876/a-survey-exploring-factors-associated-with-2890-companion-rabbit-owners-knowledge-of-rabbit-care-and-the-neuter-status-of-their-companion-rabbit
#11
Tasha Welch, Jason B Coe, Lee Niel, Emily McCobb
Pet owners' knowledge of pet care has been shown to affect the human-animal relationship and the welfare of companion animals. With rabbits being the third most common companion animal in many regions, and evidence of owners' lack of awareness for the standards of care required to care for companion rabbits, it is important to understand the knowledge level of rabbit owners and determine how companion rabbits are being cared for. The purpose of this study was to survey rabbit owners in order to explore factors associated with their knowledge of rabbit care, and the neuter status of their companion rabbit...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107854/mindfulness-based-group-therapy-for-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-first-exploration-of-a-promising-mind-body-intervention
#12
Danny Horesh, Ittai Glick, Renen Taub, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Psychological effects related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are tremendous. While a variety of psychological treatments have been applied to assist SLE patients, the effects of mindfulness practice were never documented in SLE. Mindfulness-based psychotherapy includes several techniques, including body-scan, breathing exercises, and full awareness during daily activities. In this case report, we present a first attempt at conducting mindfulness-based group therapy among SLE patients. Six female SLE patients participated in an 8-week program...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107703/how-universal-is-coverage-and-access-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chagas-disease-in-colombia-a-health-systems-analysis
#13
Zulma M Cucunubá, Jennifer M Manne-Goehler, Diana Díaz, Pierre Nouvellet, Oscar Bernal, Andrea Marchiol, María-Gloria Basáñez, Lesong Conteh
Limited access to Chagas disease diagnosis and treatment is a major obstacle to reaching the 2020 World Health Organization milestones of delivering care to all infected and ill patients. Colombia has been identified as a health system in transition, reporting one of the highest levels of health insurance coverage in Latin America. We explore if and how this high level of coverage extends to those with Chagas disease, a traditionally marginalised population. Using a mixed methods approach, we calculate coverage for screening, diagnosis and treatment of Chagas...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#14
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107594/weighing-the-evidence-from-surgical-trials
#15
Quoc-Dien Trinh, Alexander P Cole, Prokar Dasgupta
With growing calls to improve value in health care, the assessment of surgical outcomes has moved to the spotlight. Public awareness of medical errors has spurred initiatives like the ProPublica "Surgeon Scorecard" to measure and report complications (h t t p s : //projects. propublica. org/surgeons/). High-tech and expensive innovations such as robot-assisted surgery must be measured against traditional approaches. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 20, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107579/experience-of-skin-cancer-and-contact-with-health-professionals-is-associated-with-increased-skin-cancer-knowledge-but-not-sun-safety-knowledge-or-behaviour
#16
Charlotte L Thomas, Pablo Fernández Peñas
The mortality and morbidity associated with melanoma is unquestionable, but its global incidence is greatly outnumbered by that of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). The economic burden of NMSC is significant, falling within the US' top five most costly cancers (1) . In Australia, a high level of skin cancer awareness has been reported (2) . Public health campaigns and advice provided by individual health professionals seek to increase knowledge about skin cancer, risk factors and protective sun-safety behaviours...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107556/do-post-concussion-like-symptom-responses-change-following-exercise-or-sports-participation-in-a-non-concussed-cohort
#17
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Josie Athens, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul McCrory, S John Sullivan
The purpose of this study were; 1) To determine the reliable change in post concussion-like symptoms reported following self-selected exercise or sports activities. 2) To explore the potential influence of gender and exercise parameters on post concussion-like symptoms reported by a non-concussed cohort following exercise/training. A pre-post observational design was used. A convenience sample of students aged 18-30 years who visited a university recreation centre to engage in their chosen exercise activity, and a purposeful sample of men's and women's rugby union players engaged in their regular training sessions...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107525/longitudinal-testing-of-olfactory-and-gustatory-function-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Florian Cornelius Uecker, Heidi Olze, Hagen Kunte, Christian Gerz, Önder Göktas, Lutz Harms, Felix Alexander Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate changes of the olfactory and gustatory capacity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODOLOGY: 20 MS patients were tested longitudinally for 3 years after initial testing. The Threshold Discrimination Identification test (TDI) was used for subjective olfactometry. Objective olfactometry was performed by registering olfactory evoked potentials (OEP) by EEG. The Taste Strip Test (TST) was used for gustatory testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107394/quality-of-documentation-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-awareness-and-training-effectiveness-of-phtls-courses-part-of-the-prospective-longitudinal-mixed-methods-epptc-trial
#19
David Häske, Stefan K Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Bernhard Gliwitzky, Christoph C Wölfl, Paul Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Marc Dieroff, Matthias Münzberg
OBJECTIVE: Care for severely injured patients requires multidisciplinary teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills. PHTLS ("Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support") courses are established two-day courses for medical and non-medical rescue service personnel, aimed at improving the pre-hospital care of trauma patients worldwide. The study aims the examination of the quality of documentation before and after PHTLS courses as a surrogate endpoint of training effectiveness and awareness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107192/incidence-and-risk-of-infections-associated-with-egfr-tkis-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Yingtian Wang, Mingzhen Wang, Qiaoxia Wang, Zhiying Geng, Mingxiang Sun
Currently, the overall incidence and risk of infections with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients remained undetermined. We searched Pubmed for related articles published from 1 January 1990 to 31 November 2015. Eligible studies included prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating therapy with or without EGFR-TKIs in patients with NSCLC. Data on infections were extracted. Pooled incidence, Peto odds ratio (Peto OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
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