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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346699/teaching-chronic-pain-in-the-family-medicine-residency
#1
Kimberly Zoberi, Kelly M Everard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pain is a significant condition affecting many Americans. Primary care physicians play an important role in chronic pain management, but many residents and physicians feel poorly prepared to manage it. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the 2016 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Program Director Survey, which was sent electronically to 484 program directors in the United States. The authors sought to determine whether residency directors' attitudes about treating chronic pain were associated with the amount of time devoted to teaching family medicine residents about chronic pain assessment, therapy (use of opioids, use adjuvant pain medications, use of other nonopioids, use of nonpharmacological treatments), and risk management (risk assessment, use of pain management contracts, informed consent when prescribing opioids, and urine drug monitoring)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346698/procedural-knowledge-and-skills-of-residents-entering-canadian-family-medicine-programs-in-alberta
#2
Juan Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, James A Dickinson, Grace Perez, David Ross, Lilian Au, Shelley Ross, Oksana Babenko, Ian Johnston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incoming family medicine (FM) residents start residency with different levels of procedural training. Understanding their baseline skill level is necessary to plan the educational experiences and teaching methods that will provide the desired knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to performing medical procedures. METHODS: A survey of 69 procedures based on the core list issued by the College of Family Physicians of Canada was administered to incoming residents in Alberta (Calgary and Edmonton FM programs)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346689/initial-development-and-validation-of-a-family-medicine-attitudes-questionnaire
#3
Julie Phillips, Jacob Prunuske, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Brian Mavis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although many curricular and policy interventions are designed to influence students' attitudes toward family medicine, assessment of these interventions is limited by lack of a comprehensive, validated measure of students' attitudes. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire that effectively assesses medical student attitudes toward family medicine. METHODS: A 31-item questionnaire was assessed for internal, external, and content validity...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346542/hepatitis-b-in-moroccan-dutch-a-qualitative-study-into-determinants-of-screening-participation
#4
Nora Hamdiui, Mart L Stein, Ytje J J van der Veen, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh, Jim E van Steenbergen
Background: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) leads to an increased risk for liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In the Netherlands, chronic HBV prevalence in the general population is 0.20%, but 3.77% in first generation immigrants. Our aim was to identify determinants associated with the intention to participate in HBV testing among first generation Moroccan immigrants, one of the two largest immigrant groups targeted for screening. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were held with first (n = 9) and second generation (n = 10) Moroccan-Dutch immigrants, since second generation immigrants frequently act as their parents' brokers in healthcare...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346354/compassion-from-a-palliative-care-perspective
#5
Antonio Fernando, Conor Rea, Phillipa J Malpas
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others. AIM: Our aim is to explore how palliative care patients perceive, understand and experience compassion from health professionals, and to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hospice managers in the North Island of New Zealand were contacted and invited to join the study...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346332/owners-and-veterinary-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom-disagree-about-what-should-happen-during-a-small-animal-vaccination-consultation
#6
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Dog and cat vaccination consultations are a common part of small animal practice in the United Kingdom. Few data are available describing what happens during those consultations or what participants think about their content. The aim of this novel study was to investigate the attitudes of dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons towards the content of small animal vaccination consultations. Telephone interviews with veterinary surgeons and pet owners captured rich qualitative data. Thematic analysis was performed to identify key themes...
January 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346314/sustainable-transportation-attitudes-and-health-behavior-change-evaluation-of-a-brief-stage-targeted-video-intervention
#7
Norbert Mundorf, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva
Promoting physical activity and sustainable transportation is essential in the face of rising health care costs, obesity rates, and other public health threats resulting from lack of physical activity. Targeted communications can encourage distinct population segments to adopt active and sustainable transportation modes. Our work is designed to promote the health, social, and environmental benefits of sustainable/active transportation (ST) using the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), which has been successfully applied to a range of health, and more recently, sustainability behaviors...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346307/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-general-practitioners-and-sexual-health-care-professionals-regarding-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Samuel W D Merriel, Carrie Flannagan, Joanna M Kesten, Gilla K Shapiro, Tom Nadarzynski, Gillian Prue
Men who have sex with men (MSM) may be at higher risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers. Healthcare professionals' recommendations can affect HPV vaccination uptake. Since 2016, MSM up to 45 years have been offered HPV vaccination at genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in a pilot programme, and primary care was recommended as a setting for opportunistic vaccination. Vaccination prior to potential exposure to the virus (i.e., sexual debut) is likely to be most efficacious, therefore a focus on young MSM (YMSM) is important...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346083/testing-the-cognitive-catalyst-model-of-rumination-with-explicit-and-implicit-cognitive-content
#9
Christopher C Sova, John E Roberts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cognitive catalyst model posits that rumination and negative cognitive content, such as negative schema, interact to predict depressive affect. Past research has found support for this model using explicit measures of negative cognitive content such as self-report measures of trait self-esteem and dysfunctional attitudes. The present study tested whether these findings would extend to implicit measures of negative cognitive content such as implicit self-esteem, and whether effects would depend on initial mood state and history of depression...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346070/key-pharmacovigilance-stakeholders-experiences-of-direct-patient-reporting-of-adverse-drug-reactions-and-their-prospects-of-future-development-in-the-european-union
#10
P Inácio, A Cavaco, E Allan, M Airaksinen
OBJECTIVES: In the European Union (EU), legislation allows patients to directly report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to competent authorities. Five years after its implementation, patient reporting is not equal in all countries. This study aimed to explore key stakeholders' perceptions of patient reporting in four EU countries. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study design. METHODS: Twelve representatives from national pharmacovigilance centres and/or authorities as well as national pharmaceutical industry bodies in four EU countries participated in the study...
January 12, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345522/goal-setting-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-what-is-current-practice-and-is-it-affected-by-beliefs-and-attitudes
#11
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, James McAuley, Markus Hübsher, Stephen Goodall, Lorraine Smith
INTRODUCTION: Goal setting, led by the patient, is promising as an effective treatment for the management of chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, little is known about current practice. The aims of the study were to explore (1) current goal setting practice in CLBP among physiotherapists; (2) perceived barriers to goal setting in CLBP; and (3) relationship between clinician's attitudes and beliefs and goal setting practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional observational survey...
January 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345083/brief-workshops-to-teach-drug-and-alcohol-first-aid-a-pilot-evaluation-study
#12
Victoria R Kostadinov, Ann M Roche, Alice McEntee, Julaine M Allan, Nicholas R Meumann, Lara L McLaughlin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Health and community service workers frequently encounter people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems in the course of their work, yet few have had training on how to respond effectively. A Drug and Alcohol First Aid workshop was developed by Lyndon, a non-government organisation treatment provider, and delivered to community and health sector workers and the general public. It presented evidence-based information regarding AOD use and harm reduction and treatment options...
January 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344842/reasons-for-abortion-religion-religiosity-spirituality-and-attitudes-of-male-secondary-school-youth-in-south-africa
#13
Lebohang Selebalo-Bereng, Cynthia Joan Patel
This study focused on the relationship between religion, religiosity/spirituality (R/S), and attitudes of a sample of South African male secondary school youth toward women's rights to legal abortion in different situations. We distributed 400 self-administered questionnaires assessing the main variables (attitudes toward reasons for abortion and R/S) to the target sample in six different secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The responses of a final sample of 327 learners were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344535/sexual-experience-of-iranian-women-in-their-middle-life-a-qualitative-approach
#14
Sedigheh Moghasemi, Giti Ozgoli, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masomeh Simbar
Background: Sexual problems are common among the middle-aged women; however, there is no deep understanding of sexuality in midlife. The current study aimed to investigate Iranian women's attitudes and experiences about sexual life changes in midlife. Methods: This is a descriptive qualitative study. Seventeen women aged 40 -65 years old were purposively selected from urban health centers in Gorgan, Iran, in 2015. Face-to-face, semi-structured and in-depth interviews were conducted for data collection until data saturation was attained...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344525/psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-skills-attitude-scale-csas-measure-in-a-sample-of-iranian-medical-students
#15
Afsaneh Yakhforoshha, Mandana Shirazi, Naser Yousefzadeh, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Mohammadali Cheraghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Seyed Amir Hossein Emami
Introduction: Communication skill (CS) has been regarded as one of the fundamental competencies for medical and other health care professionals. Student's attitude toward learning CS is a key factor in designing educational interventions. The original CSAS, as positive and negative subscales, was developed in the UK; however, there is no scale to measure these attitudes in Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristic of the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS), in an Iranian context and to understand if it is a valid tool to assess attitude toward learning communication skills among health care professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344524/the-professionalization-of-iranian-hospital-social-workers
#16
Maliheh Khalvati, Hossein Fekrazad, Maryam Rafatjah, Leila Ostadhashemi, Hamid Reza Khankeh
Introduction: Identity is formed through our understanding of ourselves and what others perceive of our actions and how we do things. Formation of professional identity includes development, advancement and socialization through social learning of specific knowledge and skills obtained within the context of professional roles, new attitudes and values. Methods: This qualitative study used content analysis approach to explain the professionalization process of 22 social workers working in 14 public hospitals in Tehran based on their experiences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344463/team-based-learning-strategy-in-biochemistry-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-faculty-and-1st-year-medical-students
#17
Namrata Chhabra, Sahiba Kukreja, Sarah Chhabra, Sahil Chhabra, Sameenah Khodabux, Harshal Sabane
Background: Team-based learning (TBL) strategy has been widely adapted by medical schools all over the world, but the reports regarding the perceptions and the attitudes of faculty and undergraduate medical students towards TBL approach have been conflicting. Aim: The study aimed to introduce TBL strategy in curriculum of Biochemistry after evaluating its effectiveness through perceptions and attitudes of faculty and 1st-year medical students. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty students of first professional M...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344453/introduction-of-medical-humanities-in-mbbs-1st-year
#18
Shaista M Saiyad, Swapnil J Paralikar, Anita P Verma
Context: Most vital areas of patient management such as empathy, professionalism, and ethics are lacking in fresh undergraduates. These areas are considered to be part of hidden curriculum, and as these are not formally taught, we lack competent medical graduates. Introduction of medical humanities (MH) early in the medical curriculum can help to inculcate required soft skills. Aims: This study aims to develop, administer, and evaluate MH module in 1st year MBBS students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343216/an-appraisal-how-notifiable-infectious-diseases-are-reported-by-hungarian-family-physicians
#20
Katalin Vraukó, Zoltán Jancsó, László Kalabay, Andrea Lukács, Gabriella Maráczi, Lajos Mester, Anna Nánási, József Rinfel, Tamás Sárosi, Ferenc Tamás, Albert Varga, József Vitrai, Imre Rurik
BACKGROUND: Within the frame of National Epidemiological Surveillance System, family physicians have an obligation to report infections and suspicions cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, daily practice and the reporting activities of Hungarian family physicians regarding to infectious diseases. METHODS: A self-administered survey was developed, validated and used. The survey was completed by family physicians who had taken part in continuous medical educational programmes of all Hungarian medical faculties...
January 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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