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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822214/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#1
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818564/validity-of-a-smartphone-protractor-to-measure-sagittal-parameters-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#2
William Aaron Kunkle, Michael Madden, Shannon Potts, Jeremy Fogelson, Stuart Hershman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Smartphones have become an integral tool in the daily life of healthcare professionals (Franko 2011). Their ease of use and wide availability often make smartphones the first tool surgeons use to perform measurements. This technique has been validated for certain orthopaedic pathologies (Shaw 2012, Quek 2014, Milanese 2014, Milani 2014), but never to assess sagittal parameters in adult spinal deformity. This study was designed to assess the validity, reproducibility, precision and efficiency of using a smartphone protractor application to measure sagittal parameters commonly measured in adult spinal deformity assessment and surgical planning...
August 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#3
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816486/father-support-and-adjustment-difficulties-among-youth-in-residential-care-the-moderating-role-of-peer-victimization-and-gender
#4
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Adi Fridman-Teutsch
Father support of young people living in out-of-home settings is a neglected area of research. The study examines the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between father support and adjustment difficulties among male and female adolescents in residential care settings. Using random cluster sampling, the study includes the reports of 1,409 young people, in Grades 8 to 12, residing in 16 Israeli educational residential care settings designed for youth from underprivileged backgrounds. The findings show that, on average, fathers are highly involved in these young people's lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812095/-working-hour-preferences-of-female-and-male-residents-developments-over-4%C3%A2-years-of-postgraduate-medical-training-in-germany
#5
REVIEW
Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
OBJECTIVES: This article addresses developments regarding working hours and working hour preferences of residents undergoing postgraduate training in Germany and analyses if, and for what reasons, full-time or part-time working models are preferred. METHODS: The source of data is the KarMed study, which is based on yearly postal surveys carried out among graduates of the year 2008/2009 from seven medical faculties in Germany. The interviews took place during the entire postgraduate training period...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810157/propagating-the-haze-community-and-professional-perceptions-of-cannabis-cultivation-and-the-impacts-of-prohibition
#6
Helen Beckett Wilson, Stuart Taylor, Giles Barrett, Janet Jamieson, Lauren Grindrod
BACKGROUND: Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the UK cannabis landscape, including increased domestic production, the ascendancy of stronger strains (namely 'skunk') and the drug's reclassification under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act. Resultantly, cannabis retains significance in the consciousness, priorities and policy agendas of communities, drug services and criminal justice agencies. METHODS: This paper presents an empirical study, which examined both perceptions and impacts of cannabis cultivation and its control within a North-West English borough...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807433/influences-on-decision-making-regarding-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Kieran A Walsh, Rebecca Dennehy, Carol Sinnott, John Browne, Stephen Byrne, Jennifer McSharry, Eoin Coughlan, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic prescribing is prevalent in nursing homes for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), despite the known risks and limited effectiveness. Many studies have attempted to understand this continuing phenomenon, using qualitative research methods, and have generated varied and sometimes conflicting findings. To date, the totality of this qualitative evidence has not been systematically collated and synthesized. AIMS: To synthesize the findings from individual qualitative studies on decision-making and prescribing behaviors for antipsychotics in nursing home residents with dementia, with a view to informing intervention development and quality improvement in this field...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806325/parents-reactions-to-the-diagnosis-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-associations-between-resolution-family-functioning-and-child-behavior-problems
#8
Roberto Baiocco, Paola Castelli Gattinara, Giorgia Cioccetti, Salvatore Ioverno
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most frequent inherited form of muscular dystrophy during childhood. DMD is a severe and progressive disease. Children initially have no symptoms, but the diagnosis is often delayed until the child is about 5 years old. PURPOSE: Although few studies have addressed parent reactions to DMD, parental reactions to other serious childhood conditions have been documented. This study aims to understand the resolution styles that parents use in the context of their children with DMD...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804995/assessing-the-need-for-arthritis-training-among-paid-carers-in-uk-residential-care-homes-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#9
Paul Whybrow, Suzanne Moffatt, Lesley Kay, Ben Thompson, Terry Aspray, Rachel Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform an educational and training needs assessment for arthritis care in residential homes. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from three purposively selected residential homes: one independent, one in a regional chain and one in a national chain. Three researcher-led focus groups were conducted with paid carers (N = 22) using vignette exercises; interviews were undertaken with 12 residents with joint pain (N = 12), five managerial staff and two general practitioners (GPs)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804581/influence-of-eysenckian-personality-traits-in-choice-of-specialization-by-young-omani-doctors
#10
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Salim Al-Husseini, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Sahar Khan, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
OBJECTIVES: The role of personality in occupational specialty choices has been explored in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of such studies in the Arab/Islamic population and Oman is no exception. This study aimed to explore the relationship between personality traits and specialty choice among residents of Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among Omani resident physicians working under OMSB...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801233/t-cell-zone-resident-macrophages-silently-dispose-of-apoptotic-cells-in-the-lymph-node
#11
Myriam Baratin, Léa Simon, Audrey Jorquera, Clément Ghigo, Doulaye Dembele, Jonathan Nowak, Rebecca Gentek, Stephan Wienert, Frederick Klauschen, Bernard Malissen, Marc Dalod, Marc Bajénoff
In lymph nodes (LNs), dendritic cells (DCs) are thought to dispose of apoptotic cells, a function pertaining to macrophages in other tissues. We found that a population of CX3CR1(+) MERTK(+) cells located in the T cell zone of LNs, previously identified as DCs, are efferocytic macrophages. Lineage-tracing experiments and shield chimeras indicated that these T zone macrophages (TZM) are long-lived macrophages seeded in utero and slowly replaced by blood monocytes after birth. Imaging the LNs of mice in which TZM and DCs express different fluorescent proteins revealed that TZM-and not DCs-act as the only professional scavengers, clearing apoptotic cells in the LN T cell zone in a CX3CR1-dependent manner...
August 15, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797343/professionalism-in-surgery-crucial-skills-for-attendings-and-residents
#12
REVIEW
Mark S Hochberg, Russell S Berman, H Leon Pachter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Advances in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793024/socioenvironmental-conditions-and-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-brazilian-urban-slums-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Caroline Ferraz Ignacio, Milena Enderson Chagas da Silva, Natasha Berendonk Handam, Maria de Fatima Leal Alencar, Adriana Sotero-Martins, Martha Macedo de Lima Barata, Antonio Henrique Almeida de Moraes
Methods: A cross-sectional study covering an agglomeration of urban slums was conducted between 2015 and 2016 using participants observation, a socioeconomic survey, and the spontaneous sedimentation method with three slides per sample to analyze fresh stool specimens ( n =595) searching for intestinal parasites. Results: Endolimax nana ( n =95, 16.0%) and Entamoeba coli ( n =65, 10.9%) were the most frequently identified agents, followed by Giardia intestinalis ( n =24, 4...
August 7, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#14
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774652/hospital-discharge-preparedness-for-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-a-mixed-methods-study-of-bedside-interpreter-phones
#15
Jonathan S Lee, Anna Nápoles, Sunita Mutha, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Steven E Gregorich, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Leah S Karliner
OBJECTIVE: Assess effects of a bedside interpreter-phone intervention on hospital discharge preparedness among patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). METHODS: Mixed-methods study compared patient-reported discharge preparedness and knowledge of medications and follow-up appointments among 189 Chinese- and Spanish-speakers before (n=94) and after (n=95) bedside interpreter-phone implementation, and examined nurse and resident-physician interpreter-phone utilization through focus groups...
July 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768943/what-the-desirable-collaboration-between-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-and-phamacists-should-be-an-approach-for-security-and-safe-medication-for-residents-in-nursing-homes
#16
Hideyuki Maki, Akira Shiraishi, Akiko Miki, Hiroki Satoh, Yukari Konishi, Kohei Asai, Kenichi Funahashi, Yoshinobu Usui, Yasufumi Sawada
 In our previous research, there was no collaboration between care workers and pharmacists, for the most part. As a result, it was discovered that in some cases, problems concerning medication of nursing home residents had not been resolved. To solve this issue, we brought together care workers and pharmacists for a workshop we conducted. We assigned 12 care workers with at least two years of experience and 12 pharmacists to four mixed groups and guided them in the management of in-home long-term medical care and conducted small group discussions (SGD) using the KJ method...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767499/clinician-investigator-training-and-the-need-to-pilot-new-approaches-to-recruiting-and-retaining-this-workforce
#17
Alison K Hall, Sherry L Mills, P Kay Lund
Clinician-investigators, also called physician-scientists, offer critical knowledge and perspectives that benefit research on basic science mechanisms, improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, population and outcomes medicine, health policy, and health services, yet few clinically trained health professionals pursue a research career. Sustaining this workforce requires attention to the unique challenges faced by investigators who must achieve clinical and research competence during training and their careers...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#18
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765471/the-future-of-interprofessional-education-and-practice-for-dentists-and-dental-education
#19
Elizabeth A Andrews
In the ever-changing landscape of education, health professions programs must be adaptable and forward-thinking. Programs need to understand the services students should be educated to provide over the next 25 years. The movement to increase collaboration among health professionals to improve health care outcomes is a significant priority for all health professions. Complex medical issues frequently seen in patients can best be addressed with interprofessional health care teams. Training future health care providers to work in such teams facilitates collaborative care and can result in improved outcomes for patients...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765138/attitudes-on-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-the-viewpoints-of-medical-professionals
#20
David G Li, Gordon X Wong, David T Martin, David J Tybor, Jennifer Kim, Jeffrey Lasker, Roger Mitty, Deeb Salem
OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of physicians and trainees in regard to the roles of both cost-effectiveness and equity in clinical decision making. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, electronic surveys containing a hypothetical decision-making scenario were sent to medical professionals to select between two colon cancer screening tests for a population. SETTING: Three Greater Boston academic medical institutions: Tufts University School of Medicine, Tufts Medical Centre and Lahey Hospital and Medical Centre...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
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