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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#1
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239771/burnout-among-chinese-adult-reconstructive-surgeons-incidence-risk-factors-and-relationship-with-intraoperative-irritability
#2
Hanlong Zheng, Hongyi Shao, Yixin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations, mainly characterizing in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There is very limited research dealing with burnout in orthopedic surgeons. Exploring burnout prevalence, risk factors, and intraoperative irritability-related incidences is necessary to improve the quality of life for surgeons. METHODS: The study population consisted of 202 registered adult reconstructive doctors in China. Burnout was measured using a normalized translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#3
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236902/evaluation-of-speech-language-pathology-care-in-the-family-health-strategy-from-user-perspective
#4
Loise Elena Zanin, Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Melo Carneiro, Daniel Hardy Melo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of users assisted by speech-language pathologists during their Multi-professional Residency in Family Health, considering the structural, organizational and relational categories. METHODS: Qualitative assessment conducted with 30 Family Health Strategy (FHS) users. Data were analyzed using Bardin's content analysis. RESULTS: The organizational category presented aspects associated with the organization of speech-language pathology (SLP) services, describing the specific practice and role of speech-language therapists in the FHS, as well as referral and waiting time for care, speech-language therapy actions, clarification of problems, and promotion of self-care...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235909/the-role-of-balint-group-training-in-the-professional-and-personal-development-of-family-medicine-residents
#5
Marty Player, John R Freedy, Vanessa Diaz, Clive Brock, Alexander Chessman, Carolyn Thiedke, Alan Johnson
This paper presents a study based on the participation of PGY2 and PGY3 family medicine residents in Balint seminars that occurred twice monthly for 24 months. Balint groups were cofacilitated by leader pairs experienced with the Balint method. Prior to residency graduation, 18 of 19 eligible resident physicians (94.5%) completed 30- to 60-min semistructured interviews conducted by a research assistant. Resident physicians were told that these individual interviews concerned "…how we teach communication in residency...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235405/mapping-the-balint-groups-to-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-family-medicine-competencies
#6
Albert Lichtenstein, Jumana Antoun, Chris Rule, Katherine Knowlton, Jeffrey Sternlieb
Introduction Balint group discussions provide learning opportunities for many of the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The current literature is mixed concerning the effect of Balint groups on communication skills and professionalism. Aim To map the content of the Balint discussion to the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. METHODOLOGY: A group who were both experts in Balint and members of the clinical competency committee of residency programs rated narratives that summarized Balint group discussions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235393/needs-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-in-their-final-phase-of-life-a-multi-perspective-qualitative-study-in-nursing-homes
#7
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233442/preparing-students-for-residency-interviews-through-a-residency-interview-boot-camp
#8
Timothy R Ulbrich, Jaclyn A Boyle
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the offering of the residency boot camp activity at one college of pharmacy for students in their fourth professional year. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their final professional year of pharmacy school were invited to participate in a voluntary residency boot camp activity. Originally, the activity consisted of four parts: (1) guidance on preparing for residency interviews; (2) a 1:1 mock interview with a resident, faculty member, residency preceptor or area program director; (3) a review of the student's curriculum vitae (CV) and letter of intent; and (4) a review of the application timeline and process...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233381/pharmacy-resident-led-student-mentoring-program-a-focus-on-developing-mentoring-skills
#9
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly, Jessica Wilhoite, Lindsay Saum
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formalized mentoring programs are often credited for influencing professional development of mentees. Unfortunately, little information exists regarding advancement of mentoring skills. We report the development and evaluation of a program to cultivate mentoring skills in pharmacy residents. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Advanced pharmacy practice experience students and pharmacy residents were contacted for program participation. Resident mentors were paired with a student mentee for the program...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233316/pharmacy-residents-as-primary-educators-within-a-professional-pharmacy-elective
#10
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Alison M Walton, Sarah A Nisly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a course change from a faculty-led professional pharmacy elective to a primarily pharmacy resident-led course on student satisfaction and learning. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In 2014, pharmacy residents were transitioned into primary teaching roles in a drug-induced diseases elective to increase student exposure to residents and different teaching styles. Student learning roles did not change...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233314/a-structured-mentoring-program-to-develop-junior-faculty-into-successful-co-coordinators-of-a-large-multi-instructor-pathophysiology-course
#11
Erin K Hennessey, Andrew J Crannage, Erica F Crannage, Theresa R Prosser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To develop and implement a system for junior clinical faculty to become successful course coordinators with the use of a mentoring program and ensure that student performance and satisfaction are maintained at a high level. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: For five years, first-time faculty discussion group leaders in a required large (>225 students) multi-instructor pathophysiology course opted into a structured mentoring program for course coordination in the subsequent year...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232324/vaccination-recommendations-for-adults-with-autoimmune-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-in-latin-america
#12
Claiton Viegas Brenol, Valderilio Feijo Azevedo, Pablo Eduardo Bonvehi, Paola Ximena Coral-Alvarado, Julio Granados, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Carlos Pineda, Carla Vizzotti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases (AIRDs) are at increased risk of contracting severe infections and suffering complications, particularly when they are receiving immunomodulating therapy. Vaccination is an important means to prevent many potential infections and thereby reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with AIRD. The purpose of this consensus document is to provide health care professionals with recommendations for the vaccination of AIRD patients who reside in Latin America...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230326/tuberculosis-treatment-adherence-of-patients-in-kosovo
#13
Shaip Krasniqi, Arianit Jakupi, Armond Daci, Bahri Tigani, Nora Jupolli-Krasniqi, Mimoza Pira, Valbona Zhjeqi, Burim Neziri
Setting: The poor patient adherence in tuberculosis (TB) treatment is considered to be one of the most serious challenges which reflect the decrease of treatment success and emerging of the Multidrug Resistance-TB (MDR-TB). To our knowledge, the data about patients' adherence to anti-TB treatment in our country are missing. Objective: This study was aimed to investigate the anti-TB treatment adherence rate and to identify factors related to eventual nonadherence among Kosovo TB patients...
2017: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229317/team-based-simulations-for-new-surgeons-does-early-and-often-make-a-difference
#14
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229109/evaluation-and-quantification-of-treatment-preferences-for-patients-with-asthma-or-copd-using-discrete-choice-experiment-surveys
#15
Henrik Svedsater, David Leather, Terry Robinson, Helen Doll, Beenish Nafees, Lisa Bradshaw
INTRODUCTION: To investigate treatment preferences of patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), previously identified influential treatment factors were used to develop a discrete choice experiment (DCE) survey. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted with UK-resident adults (recruited using a commercial panel) who were currently receiving asthma/COPD treatment and had not taken part in the previous phase of this study (qualitative interviews to understand patient burden, life impact and treatment preferences)...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228989/physicians-lack-of-knowledge-a-possible-reason-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-overuse
#16
Roni Rahav Koren, Celia Suriu, Orly Yakir, Luiza Akria, Masad Barhoum, Andrei Braester
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of red blood cell transfusions are inappropriately overused. This study investigated physicians from the western Galilee in terms of their knowledge of transfusion medicine as a potential reason for red blood cell overuse, and assessed the influence of personal background characteristics on their knowledge. METHODS: Data were collected via anonymous questionnaires. The questionnaires included a personal background section and a professional section...
December 12, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228295/assessment-of-patient-safety-culture-in-private-and-public-hospitals-in-peru
#17
Alejandro Arrieta, Gabriela Suárez, Galed Hakim
Objective: To assess the patient safety culture in Peruvian hospitals from the perspective of healthcare professionals, and to test for differences between the private and public healthcare sectors. Patient safety is defined as the avoidance and prevention of patient injuries or adverse events resulting from the processes of healthcare delivery. Design: A non-random cross-sectional study conducted online. Setting: An online survey was administered from July to August 2016, in Peru...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227288/physician-and-nurse-perceptions-of-gentle-cesarean-birth
#18
Rebecca J Mercier, Julia C Durante
BACKGROUND: Protocols for neonatal care and mother-baby interaction at cesarean birth frequently differ from those at vaginal birth. There is increasing interest in adopting family-friendly or gentle protocols for women having cesarean birth. Current evidence suggests challenges in achieving interdepartmental cooperation and consensus are potential barriers to implementing gentle cesarean protocols. PURPOSE: To describe how care providers' professional role and characteristics may affect perception about gentle cesarean birth techniques and inform specific concerns about protocol changes...
December 8, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226233/medical-students-preparation-for-the-transition-to-postgraduate-training-through-final-year-elective-rotations
#19
W E Sjoukje van den Broek, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate, Marijke van Dijk
Objectives: This study adds to the ongoing discussion on how to ease the transition from undergraduate medical training to postgraduate training. In the Netherlands there is no central matching system for admission to residency. Medical school graduates just apply for a position in an open job market. Many choose to acquire general or specialty-specific clinical experiences after the medical degree before residency, to further explore career opportunities and to increase their chances to get into their preferred specialty...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#20
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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