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Mesenchymal stem cell AND heart

Carmela Nardelli, Ilaria Granata, Laura Iaffaldano, Valeria D'Argenio, Valentina Del Monaco, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Daniela Omodei, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pasquale Martinelli, Francesco Salvatore, Mario Rosario Guarracino, Lucia Sacchetti, Lucio Pastore
Clinical findings and data obtained in animal models indicate that nutrient uptake and exposure to environmental agents during pregnancy may affect fetal/newborn gestational programming thereby resulting in obesity and/or obesity-related disorders in offspring. Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hA-MSCs) differentiate into adipocytes, and are thus a suitable model to investigate adipocyte functions in obesity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the miRNome of hA-MSCs and its contribution to obesity in pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Vasilina A Sergeeva, Svetlana V Kostyuk, Elizaveta S Ershova, Elena M Malinovskaya, Tatiana D Smirnova, Larisa V Kameneva, Natalia N Veiko
It has been established that cell-free DNA circulating in the bloodstream affects cells. The characteristics of cfDNA depend on the physiological state of the organism. As we showed previously, diseases can cause either GC-enrichment of the cell-free DNA pool or its oxidation. Thus, in cases of cerebral atherosclerosis, heart attack and rheumatic arthritis the cell-free DNA pool is GC-enriched and, in the case of cancer, both GC-enriched and oxidized. Herein we investigated the time-dependent effect of oxidized and GC-rich cell-free DNA on NF-kB and NRF2 signaling pathways in human mesenchymal stem cells and showed that they affect cells in different ways...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Elena Cambria, Julia Steiger, Julia Günter, Annina Bopp, Petra Wolint, Simon P Hoerstrup, Maximilian Y Emmert
Cardiac stem cell therapy holds great potential to prompt myocardial regeneration in patients with ischemic heart disease. The selection of the most suitable cell type is pivotal for its successful application. Various cell types, including crude bone marrow mononuclear cells, skeletal myoblast, and hematopoietic and endothelial progenitors, have already advanced into the clinical arena based on promising results from different experimental and preclinical studies. However, most of these so-called first-generation cell types have failed to fully emulate the promising preclinical data in clinical trials, resulting in heterogeneous outcomes and a critical lack of translation...
July 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
John Medamana, Richard A Clark, Javed Butler
Defective vascular and cardiomyocyte function are implicated in the development and progression of both heart failure with reduced and preserved ejection fraction. Any treatment option that augments these myocardial processes may therefore be of significant value. The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) family is involved in a wide range of growth processes and plays a key role in both regulating angiogenesis and mesenchymal cell development. Thus, PDGF may serve as a potent therapy for heart failure. While numerous animal studies have demonstrated beneficial cardiovascular effects of growth factor therapy, promising laboratory data has not yet translated to effective therapies...
October 8, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Alisa P Domnina, Polina V Novikova, Olga G Lyublinskaya, Valeriy V Zenin, Irina I Fridlyanskaya, Vyacheslav M Mikhailov, Nikolay N Nikolsky
Stem cell transplantation, which is based on the application of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs), is a rapidly developing approach to the regenerative therapy of various degenerative disorders characterized by brain and heart failure, as well as skin lesions. In comparison, the use of stem cell transplantations to treat infertility has received less attention. One of the causes of miscarriages and fetal growth delay is the loss of the decidual reaction of endometrial cells. The present study modeled decidualization processes in pseudopregnant rats...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Ying Zhang, Juan Wang, Zhongying Lv, Dong Zhao, Mei Luo
Coronary heart disease and various cardiomyopathys may cause myocardial damage, reducing the number of myocardial cells with complete functions. Cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) has been reported participating in a variety of pathological processes, including tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, we sought to explore the correlation of Cox-2 with MSCs proliferation, and migration. MSCs were transfected with pcDNA-Cox2 and NS-398 to promote or inhibit the expression of Cox2. Then, MTT, transwell, qRT-PCR and western blot were used to test the influence of Cox2 on cells proliferation, cells migration and cell viability of mesenchymal stem...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Michael A Bellio, Claudia O Rodrigues, Ana Marie Landin, Konstantinos E Hatzistergos, Victoria Florea, Krystalenia Valasaki, Aisha Khan, Joshua M Hare, Ivonne Hernandez Schulman
Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are being evaluated for their efficacy in the treatment of heart failure. However, numerous factors impair the exogenously delivered cells' regenerative capabilities. Hypoxia is one stress that contributes to inadequate tissue repair. Here, we tested the hypothesis that hypoxia impairs cell proliferation, survival, and migration of human CSCs relative to physiological and room air oxygen concentrations. Human endomyocardial biopsy-derived CSCs were isolated, selected for c-Kit expression, and expanded in vitro at room air (21% O2)...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Etsu Suzuki, Daishi Fujita, Masao Takahashi, Shigeyoshi Oba, Hiroaki Nishimatsu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used to treat patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and subsequent heart failure. Although it was originally assumed that MSCs differentiated into heart cells such as cardiomyocytes, recent evidence suggests that the differentiation capacity of MSCs is minimal and that injected MSCs restore cardiac function via the secretion of paracrine factors. MSCs secrete paracrine factors in not only naked forms but also membrane vesicles including exosomes containing bioactive substances such as proteins, messenger RNAs, and microRNAs...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
Tze-Wen Chung, Hsin-Yu Lo, Tzung-Han Chou, Jan-Hou Chen, Shoei-Shen Wang
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell microtissues (BMSCMT) enhanced cardiomyogenesis in vitro and cardiac repairs of myocardial infarcted hearts in vivo are documented. Producing human BMSCMT onto patches in vitro for cardiac tissue engineering has not been reported. For possibly producing human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell microtissues (hBMSCMT) on an elastic silk fibroin (SF)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) based patches is hereby designed. After an elastic SF-PCL (SP) patch is fabricated, hyaluronic acid (HA)/SF-PCL(HSP) and HA-GRGD/SF-PCL(HGSP) patches are fabricated by photochemically grafting HA and HA-GRGD onto SP surfaces...
September 28, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Nitya Shree, Ramesh R Bhonde
It has been established that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow enter the peripheral circulation intermittently for possible tissue regeneration, repair and to take care of daily wear and tear. This is evident from the detection of MSCs from peripheral blood. The factors governing this migration remain elusive. These MSCs carry out the work of policing and are supposed to repair the injured tissues. Thus, these cells help in maintaining the tissue and organ homeostasis. Yoga and pranayama originated in India and is now being practiced all over the world for positive health...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Yuelin Zhang, Zhendong Yu, Dan Jiang, Xiaoting Liang, Songyan Liao, Zhao Zhang, Wensheng Yue, Xiang Li, Sin-Ming Chiu, Yuet-Hung Chai, Yingmin Liang, Yenyen Chow, Shuo Han, Aimin Xu, Hung-Fat Tse, Qizhou Lian
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can donate mitochondria and rescue anthracycline-induced cardiomyocyte (CM) damage, although the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We determined that the superior efficiency of mitochondrial transfer by human induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived MSCs (iPSC-MSCs) compared with bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) is due to high expression of intrinsic Rho GTPase 1 (MIRO1). Further, due to a higher level of TNFαIP2 expression, iPSC-MSCs are more responsive to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)-induced tunneling nanotube (TNT) formation for mitochondrial transfer to CMs, which is regulated via the TNF-α/NF-κB/TNFαIP2 signaling pathway...
October 11, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
Albert Ryszard Liberski, Christophe Michel Raynaud, Nadia Ayad, Dorota Wojciechowska, Abbirami Sathappan
Tissue engineering (TE) depends on the population of scaffolds with appropriate cells, arranged in a specific physiological direction using a variety of techniques. Here, a novel technique of creating "living threads" is described based on thin (poly(ε-caprolactone) fibers of different diameters (23-243 μm). The fibers readily attract human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are firmly adhered. These versatile fibers can be used to produce dimensional shapes identical in shape to the cup-like structure of a normal human valve, while preserving the specific orientation of both the cells and the fibers...
September 12, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Sang Eon Park, Na-Yeon Jung, Na Kyung Lee, Jeongmin Lee, Brian Hyung, Su Hyeon Myeong, Hyeong Seop Kim, Yeon-Lim Suh, Jung-Il Lee, Kyung Rae Cho, Do Hyung Kim, Soo Jin Choi, Jong Wook Chang, Duk L Na
In this study, we investigated the distribution of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) administered via intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection in a canine model. Ten beagles (11-13 kg per beagle) each received an injection of 1 × 10(6) cells into the right lateral ventricle and were sacrificed 7 days after administration. Based on immunohistochemical analysis, hUCB-MSCs were observed in the brain parenchyma, especially along the lateral ventricular walls. Detected as far as 3...
August 12, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Katrina J Hansen, John T Favreau, Jacques P Guyette, Ze-Wei Tao, Spencer T Coffin, Anny Cunha-Gavidia, Brian D'Amore, Luke R Perreault, John P Fitzpatrick, Angelica DeMartino, Glenn R Gaudette
Stem cell therapy has the potential to improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI); however, existing methods to deliver cells to the myocardium, including intramyocardial injection, suffer from low engraftment rates. In this study, we used a rat model of acute MI to assess the effects of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC)-seeded fibrin biological sutures on cardiac function at 1 week after implant. Biological sutures were seeded with quantum dot (Qdot)-loaded hMSCs for 24 h before implantation...
2016: BioResearch Open Access
Min Cai, Rui Shen, Lei Song, Minjie Lu, Jianguang Wang, Shihua Zhao, Yue Tang, Xianmin Meng, Zongjin Li, Zuo-Xiang He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Scientific Reports
Guang-Ping Ruan, Xiang Yao, Ju-Fen Liu, Jie He, Zi-An Li, Jian-Yong Yang, Rong-Qing Pang, Xing-Hua Pan
BACKGROUND: The establishment of a tree shrew model for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) provides a new method to evaluate the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. METHODS: Eighty tree shrews were randomly divided into four groups receiving either an intraperitoneal injection of pristane, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or pristane and LPS, or no injection. Three weeks after injection, the SLE model tree shrews were divided into the model group and the treatment group...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Seo Rin Gu, Yun Gyeong Kang, Ji Won Shin, Jung-Woog Shin
It has been widely recognized and proved that biophysical factors for mimicking in vivo conditions should be also considered to have stem cells differentiated into desired cell type in vitro along with biochemical factors. Biophysical factors include substrate and biomechanical conditions. This study focused on the effect of biomimetic mechanical stretching along with changes in substrate topography to influence on cardiomyogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Elastic micropatterned substrates were made to mimic the geometric conditions surrounding cells in vivo...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Irfan Khan, Anwar Ali, Muhammad Aleem Akhter, Nadia Naeem, Maqsood Ahmed Chotani, Tuba Mustafa, Asmat Salim
AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine if preconditioning of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) improves survival of transplanted stem cells in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI), and to asses if this strategy has measurable impact on cardiac function. MAIN METHODS: MSCs were preconditioned with DNP. In vitro cell adhesion assay and qRT-PCR were performed to analyze the expression of genes involved in cardiomyogenesis, cell adhesion and angiogenesis...
October 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Daniel Alejandro Lerman, Nasri Alotti, Kiddy Levente Ume, Bruno Péault
Ischaemic heart disease is the predominant contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; one million myocardial Infarctions occur per year in the USA, while more than five million patients suffer from chronic heart failure. Recently, heart failure has been singled out as an epidemic and is a staggering clinical and public health problem associated with significant mortality, morbidity and healthcare expenditures, particularly among those aged ≥65 years. Death rates have improved dramatically over the last four decades, but new approaches are nevertheless urgently needed for those patients who go on to develop ventricular dysfunction and chronic heart failure...
2016: European Cardiology
Eric G Schmuck, Jill M Koch, John M Centanni, Timothy A Hacker, Rudolf K Braun, Marlowe Eldridge, Derek J Hei, Peiman Hematti, Amish N Raval
: : Cell tracking is a critical component of the safety and efficacy evaluation of therapeutic cell products. To date, cell-tracking modalities have been hampered by poor resolution, low sensitivity, and inability to track cells beyond the shortterm. Three-dimensional (3D) cryo-imaging coregisters fluorescent and bright-field microcopy images and allows for single-cell quantification within a 3D organ volume. We hypothesized that 3D cryo-imaging could be used to measure cell biodistribution and clearance after intravenous infusion in a rat lung injury model compared with normal rats...
July 26, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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