keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acute postoperative pain control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525409/preserved-analgesia-with-reduction-in-opioids-through-the-use-of-an-acute-pain-protocol-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-open-hepatectomy
#1
Michael C Grant, Philip M Sommer, Cathy He, Sylvia Li, Andrew J Page, Alexander B Stone, Deborah Hobson, Elizabeth Wick, Christopher L Wu
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are designed to restore baseline physiology, mitigate surgical stressors, and hasten recovery. Paramount to this approach is optimal pain control through multimodal analgesia and limiting reliance on opioid-based medications. Recent studies have fostered growing controversy surrounding the use of epidural analgesia in the ERAS setting, especially for higher-risk procedures. We examine the analgesic end points associated with the use of epidural within the ERAS framework for open hepatectomy...
May 18, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494909/remifentanil-as-an-alternative-to-epidural-analgesia-for-vaginal-delivery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#2
Myeongjong Lee, Fang Zhu, Jessica Moodie, Zhe Zhang, Davy Cheng, Janet Martin
OBJECTIVES: Although epidural analgesia is considered the gold standard for labor pain management, its use may be restricted in some conditions due to clinical contraindications or availability, and suitable alternatives may be required. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine whether evidence from randomized trials suggests remifentanil PCA (R-PCA) results in significant differences in maternal satisfaction, analgesic efficacy, and safety compared with conventional epidural analgesia (EA)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494088/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-hip-fractures
#3
REVIEW
Joanne Guay, Martyn J Parker, Richard Griffiths, Sandra Kopp
BACKGROUND: Various nerve blocks with local anaesthetic agents have been used to reduce pain after hip fracture and subsequent surgery. This review was published originally in 1999 and was updated in 2001, 2002, 2009 and 2017. OBJECTIVES: This review focuses on the use of peripheral nerves blocks as preoperative analgesia, as postoperative analgesia or as a supplement to general anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery. We undertook the update to look for new studies and to update the methods to reflect Cochrane standards...
May 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492461/overcoming-barriers-to-initiating-medication-assisted-treatment-for-heroin-use-disorder-in-a-general-medical-hospital-a-case-report-and-narrative-literature-review
#4
Sameer Hassamal, Matthew Goldenberg, Waguih Ishak, Margaret Haglund, Karen Miotto, Itai Danovitch
Deaths due to heroin overdoses are increasing and are the leading cause of death among intravenous heroin users. Although medication-assisted treatment (MAT) improves morbidity and mortality in patients with opioid use disorders, it is underutilized. Most efforts to expand access to MAT have focused on outpatient settings. Although the inpatient medical setting presents a critical opportunity to initiate treatment, general hospitals are often unfamiliar with MAT, creating a number of barriers to its use. In this report, we describe the case of a woman with heroin use disorder who was initiated on buprenorphine maintenance treatment while hospitalized for cardiac disease related to her intravenous heroin use...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490321/transabdominal-preperitoneal-tapp-versus-lichtenstein-operation-for-primary-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Uwe Scheuermann, Stefan Niebisch, Orestis Lyros, Boris Jansen-Winkeln, Ines Gockel
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal Preperitoneal (TAPP) and Lichtenstein operation are established methods for inguinal hernia repair in clinical practice. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled studies, comparing those two methods for repair of primary inguinal hernia, are still missing. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials was performed to compare early and long term outcomes of the two methods. METHODS: A literature search was carried out to identify randomized controlled trials, which compared TAPP and Lichtenstein repair for primary inguinal hernia...
May 10, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489787/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intravenous-glucocorticoids-for-acute-pain-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#6
Xiuhua Li, Zheng Sun, Chengbing Han, Liangliang He, Baoguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are increasingly used perioperatively, principally to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and acute postoperative pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The authors hypothesized that preoperative intravenous glucocorticoids is associated with less pain scores and PONV without increasing the complications after THA. METHODS: Four databases (PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science) were searched with the limitations of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477230/a-matched-case-control-comparison-of-hospital-costs-and-outcomes-for-knee-replacement-patients-admitted-postoperatively-to-acute-care-versus-rehabilitation
#7
Brian K Tse, Tessa L Walters, Steven K Howard, T Edward Kim, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Eric C Sun, Alex Kou, Lorrie Graham, Robert King, Edward R Mariano
For select total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients, we have established an alternative pathway to bypass the acute care surgical ward and directly admit patients from the post-anesthesia care unit to on-campus rehabilitation. We retrospectively examined whether this 'fast track' pathway decreased costs and improved patient outcomes. After reviewing records of consecutive primary unilateral TKA patients over a 15-month period, each patient admitted to rehabilitation was matched with a control admitted to the acute care ward...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459704/a-comparison-of-4-analgesic-regimens-for-acute-postoperative-pain-control-in-breast-augmentation-patients
#8
Pamela Tan, Morgan Sparks Martin, Nina Shank, Leann Myers, Emily Wolfe, John Lindsey, Stephen Metzinger
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing breast augmentation are treated with multiple combinations of medications for pain control including ketorolac, liposomal bupivacaine, bupivacaine, and intravenous and oral narcotics. There is no current consensus on the optimal combination; therefore, all are used at the discretion of the surgeon. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study. The total number of patients included was 132. Comparisons were made between 4 groups: bupivacaine only (B); bupivacaine and liposomal bupivacaine (BL); bupivacaine and liposomal bupivacaine plus intraoperative ketorolac (BLKi); and bupivacaine and liposomal bupivacaine plus postoperative ketorolac (BLKp)...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442956/a-comparison-between-intravenous-lidocaine-and-ketamine-on-acute-and-chronic-pain-after-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Ali Jendoubi, Imed Ben Naceur, Abderrazak Bouzouita, Mehdi Trifa, Salma Ghedira, Mohamed Chebil, Mohamed Houissa
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been increasing interest in the use of analgesic adjuncts such as intravenous (IV) ketamine and lidocaine. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of perioperative IV lidocaine and ketamine on morphine requirements, pain scores, quality of recovery, and chronic pain after open nephrectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in Charles Nicolle University Hospital of Tunis...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442133/hybrid-transgastric-appendectomy-is-feasible-but-does-not-offer-advantages-compared-with-laparoscopic-appendectomy-results-from-the-transgastric-appendectomy-study
#10
Markus B Schoenberg, Richard Magdeburg, Peter Kienle, Stefan Post, Paul P Eisser, Georg Kähler
BACKGROUND: Very few transgastric procedures, the original objective of natural orifice translumenal surgery, have been reported in the international Natural Orifice Translumenal Surgery registers. In addition, most cases were controlled mainly by laparoscopy. To show the feasibility of hybrid transgastric appendectomy and to compare results with laparoscopic a prospective, nonrandomized study was conducted. METHODS: From October 2010 to May 2013, patients with acute appendicitis were screened...
April 23, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435273/an-innovative-nonpharmacological-intervention-combined-with-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-increased-patient-global-improvement-in-pain-and-satisfaction-after-major-surgery
#11
Chia-Chun Chuang, Chien-Ching Lee, Li-Kai Wang, Bor-Shyh Lin, Wen-Ju Wu, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate whether a nonpharmacological approach through implementation of a communication improvement program (named CICARE for Connect, Introduce, Communicate, Ask, Respond and Exit) into standard operating procedure (SOP) in acute pain service (APS) improved satisfaction in patients receiving intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a nonrandomized before-after study. Adult patients (aged between 20 and 80 years) who received IV-PCA after major surgery were included...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431749/pharmacological-advances-in-the-multimodal-management-of-perioperative-analgesia
#12
M Matute Crespo, A Montero Matamala
The concept of multimodal analgesia is currently widespread in our clinical practice. The aim of multimodal analgesia is to reduce the side effects derived from the drugs or techniques used for the control of pain together with greater effectiveness (combination of multiple mechanisms of action) with the maximum efficiency, that is, to combine different pharmacodynamics (synergistic or additive effects) and pharmacokinetics, in the context of a predictable acute pain model, thus allowing a prior strategy such as the model of acute postoperative pain...
April 18, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430721/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-primary-arthroplasty-versus-secondary-arthroplasty-following-failed-proximal-humeral-locking-plate-fixation
#13
Emilio Sebastia-Forcada, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Román Cebrian-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) between patients with failed proximal humeral locking plate (PHLP) fixation and those with acute fractures. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, level I trauma center. PATIENTS: 30 consecutive patients with fracture sequelae due to failed PHLP fixation (mean age 73) were age- and gender-matched to 30 patients with acute fracture (mean age 75)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420470/-explore-objective-clinical-variables-for-detecting-delirium-in-icu-patients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#14
Xiaojiang Liu, Jie Lyu, Youzhong An
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study is to explore clinical objective variables for diagnosing delirium of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: According to the method of prospective case-control study, critical adult postoperative patients who were transferred to ICU of Peking University People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2016 and needed mechanical ventilation were included. After evaluating the Richmond agitation sedation scale score (RASS), the patients whose score were -2 or greater were sorted into two groups, delirium and non-delirium, according to the confusion assessment method for the ICU (CAM-ICU)...
April 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413514/effect-of-pre-emptive-analgesia-by-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-on-early-postoperative-cognitive-function-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients
#15
Li-Qin Deng, Lei-Na Hou, Feng-Xiang Song, Han-Yue Zhu, Hai-Ying Zhao, Gang Chen, Jing-Jing Li
To the best of our knowledge, the effect of pre-emptively blocking pain transmission on acute postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has not yet been assessed. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of pre-emptive analgesia via a continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) on postoperative pain and early cognitive function following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery in elderly patients. CFNB was performed prior to TKA surgery in the pre-emptive analgesia group (n=30) and following TKA surgery in the control group (n=30)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404008/surgery-versus-conservative-management-for-recurrent-and-ongoing-left-sided-diverticulitis-direct-trial-an-open-label-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Bryan J M van de Wall, Marguerite A W Stam, Werner A Draaisma, R Stellato, Willem A Bemelman, Marja A Boermeester, Ivo A M J Broeders, Eric J Belgers, Boudewijn R Toorenvliet, Hubert A Prins, Esther C J Consten
BACKGROUND: Patients with recurrent or persisting complaints after an episode of left-sided diverticulitis are managed with either conservative measures or elective sigmoidectomy. To date, there are no data from randomised trials. We aimed to establish which treatment leads to a better quality of life for patients with diverticulitis. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial (DIRECT trial) in 24 teaching and two academic hospitals in the Netherlands...
January 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403100/delayed-bilateral-vocal-cord-paresis-after-a-continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-and-endotracheal-intubation-a-lesson-why-we-should-use-low-concentrated-local-anesthetics-for-continuous-blocks
#17
Hee-Sun Park, Ha-Jung Kim, Young-Jin Ro, Hong-Seuk Yang, Won-Uk Koh
RATIONALE: Recurrent laryngeal nerve block is an uncommon complication that can occur after an interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB), which may lead to vocal cord palsy or paresis. However, if the recurrent laryngeal nerve is blocked in patients with a preexisting contralateral vocal cord palsy following neck surgery, this may lead to devastating acute respiratory failure. Thus, ISB is contraindicated in patients with contralateral vocal cord lesion. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of bilateral vocal cord paresis, which occurred after a continuous ISB and endotracheal intubation in a patient with no history of vocal cord injury or surgery of the neck...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403075/gabapentin-can-decrease-acute-pain-and-morphine-consumption-in-spinal-surgery-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Chuangang Peng, Chen Li, Ji Qu, Dankai Wu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of patients who underwent spinal surgeries experience moderate to extreme postoperative pain. Gabapentin was used as an adjunct for the management of acute pain in approximately half of enhanced recovery programs. This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin for pain management following spinal surgery. METHODS: In January 2017, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google database...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386033/comparative-antinociceptive-and-sedative-effects-of-epidural-romifidine-and-detomidine-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#19
M A Marzok, S A El-Khodery
In this study, comparative antinociceptive and sedative effects of epidural administration of romifidine and detomidine in buffalo were evaluated. Eighteen healthy adult buffalo, allocated randomly in three groups (two experimental and one control; n=6) received either 50 μg/kg of romifidine or detomidine diluted in sterile saline (0.9 per cent) to a final volume of 20 ml, or an equivalent volume of sterile saline epidurally. Antinociception, sedation and ataxia parameters were recorded immediately after drug administration...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367289/comparison-of-single-dose-nalbuphine-versus-tramadol-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Naeem Liaqat, Sajid Hameed Dar
BACKGROUND: Acute postoperative pain control in children is an essential component of postoperative care, particularly in daycare procedures. Giving patients continuous narcotic analgesics can be risky; however, a single dose may be sufficient. METHODS: This study used a prospective, randomized controlled design and was conducted at the Pediatric Surgery Unit, Services Hospital, Lahore. In total, 150 patients who underwent inguinal herniotomy (age range: 1-12 years) were randomly assigned to two groups: group A (nalbuphine) and group B (tramadol)...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
28942
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"