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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218991/follow-up-of-surgically-treated-patients-with-cystic-echinococcosis-can-novel-recombinant-antigens-compete-with-imaging-analysis-of-a-patient-cohort
#1
Marija Stojkovic, Hans-Micha Adt, Kerstin Rosenberger, Ghalia Boubaker, Ana Hernandez-Gonzalez, Thomas Junghanss, Marcel Zwahlen, Mar Siles Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of two novel recombinant antigens (EgP29, 2B2t) with imaging in a well-defined cohort of surgically treated cystic echinococcosis (CE) patients to determine whether serology reflects surgical cure as defined by imaging. METHODS: From a cohort of 223 CE-confirmed patients of a national clinical center for echinococcosis, 36 surgically treated patients were eligible for analysis. Sera were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies against the EgP29 and 2B2t antigens...
February 20, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218558/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-10-parental-perceptions-of-appearance-and-treatment-outcomes-in-their-5-year-old-child
#2
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Gunvor Semb, Arja Heliövaara, Anette Lohmander, Emma Christine Johannessen, Betty Marie Boysen, Christina Havstam, Inger Lundeborg, Jill Nyberg, Nina-Helen Pedersen, Joan Bogh-Nielsen, Philip Eyres, Eileen Bradbury, Nichola Rumsey
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Few studies have explored children's emotional and behavioural reactions to cleft surgery and treatment-related stress. The objective was to investigate parents' evaluations of appearance and treatment outcomes in their 5-year-old child with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and their perceptions of how their child was coping with treatment, comparing this information with recorded postsurgical complications. DESIGN: Three parallel group randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, and the UK...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217571/returning-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-amateur-sports-men-a-retrospective-study
#3
Angela Notarnicola, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Federico Barletta, Leonardo Ascatigno, Leopoldo Astuto, Antonio Panella, Silvio Tafuri, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, 95% of professional athletes return to their sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. The main objective of this study was to verify the return to sport after ACL reconstruction in a homogenous group of amateur sportsmen and sportswomen in a series of Italian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a retrospective study in which we analyzed the amateur sports patients operated for ACL reconstruction...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217409/muscle-derived-stem-cells-stimulate-muscle-myofiber-repair-and-counteract-fat-infiltration-in-a-diabetic-mouse-model-of-critical-limb-ischemia
#4
J Tsao, I Kovanecz, N Awadalla, R Gelfand, I Sinha-Hikim, R A White, N F Gonzalez-Cadavid
BACKGROUND: Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) affects patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and obesity, with high risk of amputation and post-surgical mortality, and no effective medical treatment. Stem cell therapy, mainly with bone marrow mesenchymal, adipose derived, endothelial, hematopoietic, and umbilical cord stem cells, is promising in CLI mouse and rat models and is in clinical trials. Their general focus is on angiogenic repair, with no reports on the alleviation of necrosis, lipofibrosis, and myofiber regeneration in the ischemic muscle, or the use of Muscle Derived Stem Cells (MDSC) alone or in combination with pharmacological adjuvants, in the context of CLI in T2D...
December 2016: Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216701/impact-of-modified-quality-control-checklist-on-protocol-adherence-and-outcomes-in-a-post-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#5
Lakshmi Kumar, Meenu Dominic, Sunil Rajan, Sanjeev Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Quality improvement (QI) is the sum of all activities that create desired changes in the quality. An effective QI system results in a stepwise increase in quality of care. The efficiency of any health-care unit is judged by its quality indicators. We aimed to evaluate the impact of QI initiatives on outcomes in a surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: This was an observational study carried out using a compliance checklist, developed from the combination of the World Health Organization surgery checklist and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for the prevention of infections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210177/orbital-reconstruction-with-a-partially-absorbable-mesh-monofilament-polypropylene-fibre-and-monofilament-poliglecaprone-25-our-experience-with-34-patients
#6
Moustafa Alkhalil, J Joshi Otero
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and complications related to the use of a partially absorbable mesh for the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. This is a retrospective review of 34 consecutive patients who suffered orbital trauma from August 2007 to March 2013 treated with a partially absorbable mesh for orbital reconstruction. Data collected included gender, age, nationality, cause of injury, date of admission, date of surgery, date of discharge, type of fracture, signs and symptoms such as diplopia, enophthalmos, and sensory disturbance related to the infraorbital nerve, complications before and after surgery, and follow-ups at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and after 1 year...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207238/real-time-monitoring-of-post-surgical-and-post-traumatic-eye-injuries-using-multi-layered-electrical-biosensor-chip
#7
Muhammad Shuja Khan, Santosh K Misra, Aaron Schwartz-Duval, Enrique A Daza, Fatemeh Ostadhossein, Matthew Bowman, Akshay Jain, Gina Taylor, Deana McDonagh, Leanne T Labriola, Dipanjan Pan
Lack of current techniques for the early monitoring of bleb leaks and other post-traumatic or post-surgical ocular injury has posed an unmet clinical need for the development of new techniques. Present evaluation techniques use either subjective or non-quantitative approaches. At present, there are no FDA approved ocular devices that can directly measure ascorbic acid (AA) concentration levels for both tear film (TF) and aqueous humor (AH) at point-of-care (POC) level. Toward this aim, we present a novel point-of-care (POC) quantitative assay, called the Ocular Biosensor device, which can be used to evaluate the integrity of the anterior surface of the eye by measuring the concentration of AA in TF and AH...
February 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199897/real-world-utility-of-whole-exome-sequencing-with-targeted-gene-analysis-for-focal-epilepsy
#8
Piero Perucca, Ingrid E Scheffer, A Simon Harvey, Paul A James, Sebastian Lunke, Natalie Thorne, Clara Gaff, Brigid M Regan, John A Damiano, Michael S Hildebrand, Samuel F Berkovic, Terence J O'Brien, Patrick Kwan
OBJECTIVE: Driven by advances in genomic technology and reduction in costs, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is venturing into routine clinical care. The 'real-world' clinical utility of NGS remains to be determined in focal epilepsies, which account for 60% of all epilepsies and for which the importance of genetic factors is just beginning to emerge. We investigated the diagnostic yield and management implications of whole exome sequencing (WES)-based screening of selected genes in the routine care of common focal epilepsies suspected to have a genetic basis...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197660/radiographic-and-surgical-considerations-in-arthritis-surgery-of-the-hand
#9
REVIEW
Violeta Nikac, Philip Blazar, Brandon Earp, Barbara N Weissman
Indications for hand surgeries include unremitting joint pain, deformity and stiffness, often secondary to arthritis. Several surgical options are available, including arthrodesis (fusion) and joint arthroplasty. Classically arthrodesis is performed in situations with poor bone stock and supporting soft tissues. Arthroplasty is reserved for patients and joints in which preservation of function is important and bone stock and soft tissue support are adequate. In this article we will review various techniques for arthrodesis and arthroplasty, their post-surgical imaging appearance, including key findings important to surgeons, and the findings that indicate post-surgical complications...
February 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191306/chiropractic-management-of-post-spinal-cord-stimulator-spine-pain-a-case-report
#10
Rachel M Perrucci, Christopher M Coulis
BACKGROUND: A brief overview of failed back surgery syndrome, with emphasis on low back pain status post spinal cord stimulation, and post-surgical spinal manipulation is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: Four cases of patients within the VA Connecticut Health Care System presenting between July 2014 and July 2015 reporting low back pain after surgical insertion of spinal cord stimulators are discussed. This study describes the outcomes experienced by four patients with low back pain status post implanted spinal cord stimulators receiving manual therapy in the form of lumbar spine manipulation or mobilization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185687/circulating-tumor-cells-and-circulating-tumor-dna-what-surgical-oncologists-need-to-know
#11
REVIEW
L Cabel, C Proudhon, P Mariani, D Tzanis, G Beinse, I Bieche, J-Y Pierga, F-C Bidard
As a result of recent progress in detection techniques, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor cells (CTC) can now be accurately detected in the blood of most cancer patients. While these new biomarkers can provide a better understanding of key biological mechanisms underlying cancer growth and dissemination, they also open up a wide range of possible clinical applications in medical oncology, radiation oncology and surgical oncology. In this review, we summarize the results obtained with ctDNA and CTC together with their potential future clinical applications in the field of surgical oncology, with particular focus on the perioperative setting of various types of cancer...
January 29, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185371/do-depression-and-anxiety-profiles-over-time-predict-persistent-post-surgical-pain-a-study-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#12
M Gabrielle Pagé, J Watt-Watson, M Choinière
BACKGROUND: Rates of depression and anxiety in cardiac surgery patients are higher than in the general population. The development of persistent post-surgical pain (PPSP) in this population is also concerning. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify anxiety and depression trajectories of cardiac surgery patients over a 2-year period; (2) examine demographic and clinical characteristics associated with trajectory memberships and (3) determine if anxiety and/or depression trajectories predict PPSP...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183218/videoscope-assisted-minimally-invasive-periodontal-surgery-vmis-long-term-outcomes
#13
Stephen K Harrel, Martha E Nunn, Celeste M Abraham, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo, Jay D Shulman, John C Tunnell
BACKGROUND: The 36 to 58 month clinical outcomes from videoscope assisted minimally invasive surgery (VMIS) are reported. METHODS: Fourteen patients having sites with residual pocket probing depth (PPD) of at least 5 mm and 2 mm of clinical attachment level (CAL) loss following initial nonsurgical therapy were treated with VMIS. RESULTS: At 36 months or greater post surgery there was a statistically significant improvement (p <0.001) in mean PPD and CAL (PPD 3...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181855/a-contemporary-evaluation-of-carotid-endarterectomy-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#14
Amit R Patel, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy, Todd R Vogel
Objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as a significant risk factor for poor post-surgical outcomes. This study was designed to provide a contemporary analysis of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) outcomes in patients with CKD, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and normal renal function (NF). Methods The Nationwide Inpatient Sample data 2006-2012 was queried to select patients aging 40 years old and above who underwent CEA during two days after admission and had a diagnosis of ESRD on long-term hemodialysis, patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD, or NF...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181788/measuring-effectiveness-of-orthognathic-surgery-by-electromyography-a-restrospective-clinical-study
#15
Giovanni B Grossi, Umberto Garagiola, Franco Santoro
BACKGROUND: This study investigates retrospectively if the initial electromyography (EMG) status of patients who underwent orthognathic surgery correlates with the extent of post-surgical EMG functional recovery. METHODS: Clinical records concerning 20 patients who underwent Le Fort I and/or sagittal osteotomy of the mandibular ramus to correct skeletal dental class III malocclusions were retrieved and pre-surgical and post-surgical EMG data were analyzed and compared...
February 9, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180101/evaluation-of-complications-after-surgical-treatment-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#16
Mohammad Ali Hosseinian, Ali Gharibi Loron, Yalda Soleimanifard
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is necessary when non-surgical treatments fail. Complications of surgical procedures vary from short-term post-surgical pain to permanent disability. The outcome of TOS surgery is affected by the visibility during the operation. In this study, we have compared the complications arising during the supraclavicular and the transaxillary approaches to determine the appropriate approach for TOS surgery. METHODS: In this study, 448 patients with symptoms of TOS were assessed...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175151/p538-can-enteral-polymeric-diet-change-the-post-surgical-outcome-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#17
L Ceccarelli, M Franceschi, L Bertani, C Nieri, N de Bortoli, G Mumolo, G Laino, E Albano, G Tapete, S Marchi, P Buccianti, F Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169411/-factors-related-with-post-surgical-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme
#18
M Martin-Risco, V Rodrigo-Paradells, S Olivera-Gonzalez, C M Del Rio-Perez, L Bances-Florez, J B Calatayud-Perez, F J Villagrasa-Compaired
INTRODUCTION: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most frequent malignant tumour of the central nervous system, and its incidence reaches 80% in those over 50 years of age. Life expectancy has increased in the population in recent times and an analysis of the post-surgical complications affecting elderly patients is of great importance for a correct surgical indication. AIMS: To analyse the factors related with post-surgical complications in elderly patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 88 patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme between 31 and 78 years of age was analysed retrospectively...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168804/review-of-axillary-lesions-emphasising-some-distinctive-imaging-and-pathology-findings
#19
REVIEW
Amber Gupta, Cecily Metcalf, Donna Taylor
The axilla is often included on mammography, ultrasound (US), CT and MRI. Axillary masses can arise from any of the tissue components present in this region including breast parenchyma. Aetiologies include: lymphadenopathy due to inflammation, malignancy and degenerative causes; soft tissue tumours such as haemangioma, lymphangioma, peripheral nerve sheath tumours and lipomas; post-surgical complications such as seroma, lymphocoele and haematoma; lesions arising in accessory breast tissue such as fibroadenoma and carcinoma...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168635/imaging-of-post-surgical-treatment-and-of-related-complications-in-spinal-trauma
#20
REVIEW
F Caranci, G Leone, L Ugga, E Cesarano, R Capasso, S Schipani, A Bianco, P Fonio, F Briganti, L Brunese
Spinal trauma is a devastating event with a high morbidity and mortality. The rationale of imaging is to diagnose the traumatic abnormalities and characterize the type of injury, to estimate the severity of the lesions, to evaluate the potential spinal instability. In case of spinal instability, the goals of operative treatment are decompression of the spinal cord canal and stabilization of the disrupted vertebral column. Particularly, diagnostic imaging, mainly by CT and MR, has a main role in the post-treatment evaluation...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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