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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103030/reactivity-of-cyclopentadienyl-molybdenum-compounds-towards-formic-acid-structural-characterization-of-cpmo-pme3-co-2h-cpmo-pme3-2-co-h-cpmo-%C3%AE-o-%C3%AE-o2ch-2-and-cp-mo-%C3%AE-o-%C3%AE-o2ch-2
#1
Michelle C Neary, Gerard Parkin
The molecular structures of CpMo(PMe3)(CO)2H and CpMo(PMe3)2(CO)H have been determined by X-ray diffraction, thereby revealing four-legged piano-stool structures in which the hydride ligand is trans to CO. However, in view of the different nature of the four basal ligands, the geometries of CpMo(PMe3)(CO)2H and CpMo(PMe3)2(CO)H deviate from that of an idealized four-legged piano stool, such that the two ligands that are orthogonal to the trans H-Mo-CO moiety are displaced towards the hydride ligand. While Cp(R)Mo(PMe3)3-x(CO)xH (Cp(R) = Cp, Cp*; x = 1, 2, 3) are catalysts for the release of H2 from formic acid, the carbonyl derivatives, Cp(R)Mo(CO)3H, are also observed to form dinuclear formate compounds, namely, [Cp(R)Mo(μ-O)(μ-O2CH)]2...
January 19, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092134/reversible-formation-of-2d-electron-gas-at-the-lafeo3-srtio3-interface-via-control-of-oxygen-vacancies
#2
Pengfa Xu, Wei Han, Philip M Rice, Jaewoo Jeong, Mahesh G Samant, Katayoon Mohseni, Holger L Meyerheim, Sergey Ostanin, Igor V Maznichenko, Ingrid Mertig, Eberhard K U Gross, Arthur Ernst, Stuart S P Parkin
A conducting 2D electron gas (2DEG) is formed at the interface between epitaxial LaFeO3 layers >3 unit cells thick and the surface of SrTiO3 single crystals. The 2DEG is exquisitely sensitive to cation intermixing and oxygen nonstoichiometry. It is shown that the latter thus allows the controllable formation of the 2DEG via ionic liquid gating, thereby forming a nonvolatile switch.
January 16, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091369/colombia-fails-to-tackle-malnutrition-in-indigenous-children
#3
Joe Parkin Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078567/the-c-abl-inhibitor-in-parkinson-disease
#4
REVIEW
Zhi-Hua Zhou, Yun-Fan Wu, Xue-Min Wang, Yong-Zhu Han
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an insidious onset neurodegenerative disease affecting approximately 1% of the population over the age of 65. So far available therapies for PD have only aimed at improving or alleviating symptoms, but not at slowing, preventing, and reversing the course of PD. Recently, some studies have indicated that the levels and activation of Abelson non-receptor tyrosine kinase (c-Abl, Abl1) were up-regulated in the brain tissue of patients with PD and demonstrated that c-Abl inhibitors could improve motor behavior, prevent the loss of dopamine neurons, inhibit phosphorylation of Cdk5, regulate α-synuclein phosphorylation and clearance, inhibit the tyrosine phosphorylation of parkin and decrease parkin substrate, for example, PARIS (zinc finger protein 746), AIMP2 (aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multifunctional protein type2), FBP1 (fuse-binding protein 1), and synphilin-1...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075229/altered-mitochondrial-dynamics-as-a-consequence-of-venezuelan-equine-encephalitis-virus-infection
#5
Forrest Keck, Taryn Brooks-Faulconer, Tyler Lark, Pavitra Ravishankar, Charles Bailey, Carolina Salvador-Morales, Aarthi Narayanan
Mitochondria are sentinel organelles that are impacted by various forms of cellular stress, including viral infections. While signaling events associated with mitochondria, including those activated by pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), are widely studied, alterations in mitochondrial distribution and changes in mitochondrial dynamics are also beginning to be associated with cellular insult. Cells of neuronal origin have been demonstrated to display remarkable alterations in several instances, including neurodegenerative disorders...
January 11, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074277/patient-reported-outcomes-for-acute-gallstone-pathology
#6
Ed Parkin, Martyn Stott, Joy Brockbank, Simon Galloway, Ian Welch, Andrew Macdonald
BACKGROUND: A number of prominent surgical trials and clinical guidelines regard length of hospital stay and rates of daycase surgery as being of upmost importance following cholecystectomy. However, it is unclear whether these outcomes also matter to patients. This study aimed to identify the factors patients regard as most important when admitted with acute gallstone pathology. METHODS: A 41-item survey was produced by combining outcomes assessed in recent clinical trials with results from a preliminary patient questionnaire...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067241/multiple-dirac-cones-at-the-surface-of-the-topological-metal-labi
#7
Jayita Nayak, Shu-Chun Wu, Nitesh Kumar, Chandra Shekhar, Sanjay Singh, Jörg Fink, Emile E D Rienks, Gerhard H Fecher, Stuart S P Parkin, Binghai Yan, Claudia Felser
The rare-earth monopnictide LaBi exhibits exotic magneto-transport properties, including an extremely large and anisotropic magnetoresistance. Experimental evidence for topological surface states is still missing although band inversions have been postulated to induce a topological phase in LaBi. In this work, we have revealed the existence of surface states of LaBi through the observation of three Dirac cones: two coexist at the corners and one appears at the centre of the Brillouin zone, by employing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy in conjunction with ab initio calculations...
January 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063983/loss-of-laforin-or-malin-results-in-increased-drp1-level-and-concomitant-mitochondrial-fragmentation-in-lafora-disease-mouse-models
#8
Mamta Upadhyay, Saloni Agarwal, Pratibha Bhadauriya, Subramaniam Ganesh
Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive form of a fatal disorder characterized by the myoclonus epilepsy, ataxia, psychosis, dementia, and dysarthria. A hallmark of LD is the presence of abnormal glycogen inclusions called Lafora bodies in the affected tissues including the neurons. LD can be caused by defects either in the laforin phosphatase coded by the EPM2A gene or in the malin E3 ubiquitin ligase coded by the NHLRC1 gene. The mouse models of LD, created by the targeted disruption of the LD genes, display several neurodegenerative changes...
January 4, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055010/continued-26s-proteasome-dysfunction-in-mouse-brain-cortical-neurons-impairs-autophagy-and-the-keap1-nrf2-oxidative-defence-pathway
#9
Aslihan Ugun-Klusek, Michael H Tatham, Jamal Elkharaz, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Karen Lawler, Hala Mohamed, Simon M L Paine, Glen Anderson, R John Mayer, James Lowe, E Ellen Billett, Lynn Bedford
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and macroautophagy (autophagy) are central to normal proteostasis and interdependent in that autophagy is known to compensate for the UPS to alleviate ensuing proteotoxic stress that impairs cell function. UPS and autophagy dysfunctions are believed to have a major role in the pathomechanisms of neurodegenerative disease. Here we show that continued 26S proteasome dysfunction in mouse brain cortical neurons causes paranuclear accumulation of fragmented dysfunctional mitochondria, associated with earlier recruitment of Parkin and lysine 48-linked ubiquitination of mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) proteins, including Mitofusin-2...
January 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053050/parkin-functionally-interacts-with-pgc-1%C3%AE-to-preserve-mitochondria-and-protect-dopaminergic-neurons
#10
Lu Zheng, Nathalie Bernard-Marissal, Norman Moullan, Davide D'Amico, Johan Auwerx, Darren J Moore, Graham Knott, Patrick Aebischer, Bernard L Schneider
To understand the cause of Parkinson's disease (PD), it is important to determine the functional interactions between factors linked to the disease. Parkin is associated to autosomal recessive early-onset PD, and controls the transcription of PGC-1α, a master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis. These two factors functionally interact to regulate the turnover and quality of mitochondria, by increasing both mitophagic activity and mitochondria biogenesis. In cortical neurons, co-expressing PGC-1α and Parkin increases the number of mitochondria, enhances maximal respiration, and accelerates the recovery of the mitochondrial membrane potential following mitochondrial uncoupling...
January 4, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045767/autophagy-in-hepatocytes-in-infants-with-alpha-1-atd-and-different-liver-disease-outcomes-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Elżbieta Czarnowska, Agnieszka Bakuła, Joanna B Bierła, Justyna Niderla-Bielińska, Agnieszka Sowińska, Joanna Cielecka-Kuszyk, Piotr Socha
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether a distinct activity of pathways removing the AT protein in Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency (α1ATD) are associated with an unfavorable predisposition toliver disease in the future. The aim of this study was to determine whether liverspecific activity of AT protein disposal occurs at infancy in α1ATD with PiZZ phenotype (ATZ). METHODS: Liver samples of 17 infants with unfavorable ATZ outcome (Group I, n = 8, median age  = 0...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042771/oxidative-stress-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-antioxidants-regulate-expression-levels-of-micrornas-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Kedar N Prasad
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a slow progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with abnormal function of extrapyramidal system. Although several biochemical and genetic defects have been identified, increased oxidative stress and chronic inflammation are one of the earliest events that initiate and promote PD. Oxidative stress also participates in impaired non-motor symptoms.The levels of microRNAs that are evolutionarily conserved single-stranded non-coding RNAs of approximately 22 nucleotide in length are altered in PD...
January 2, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042097/parkin-deficiency-accelerates-consequences-of-mitochondrial-dna-deletions-and-parkinsonism
#13
Lanying Song, Marissa McMackin, Andy Nguyen, Gino Cortopassi
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative condition caused by age-related death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions rise exponentially with age in humans and reach their highest levels approaching 60% in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra and overlap with dying neurons. Parkin deletion causes Parkinsonism in humans, presumably through a decrease in mitochondrial quality control, but Parkin knockout mice do not have DA neurodegeneration...
December 29, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040792/autophagy-in-tri-o-cresyl-phosphate-induced-delayed-neurotoxicity
#14
Hai-Yang Xu, Pan Wang, Ying-Jian Sun, Lu Jiang, Ming-Yuan Xu, Yi-Jun Wu
The widely used organophosphorus compound tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) elicits delayed neurotoxicity characterized by progressive axonal degeneration in the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. However, the precise mechanisms of TOCP-induced delayed neurotoxicity are not clear. Because autophagy has been linked to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, we aimed to characterize autophagy in the progression of TOCP-induced delayed neurotoxicity. In vivo experiments using the adult hen animal model showed that autophagy in spinal cord axons and in sciatic nerves was markedly induced at the early preclinical stage of TOCP-induced delayed neurotoxicity; it was decreased as the delayed neurotoxicity progressed to the overt neuropathy stage...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033563/the-mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-mitoq-ameliorated-tubular-injury-mediated-by-mitophagy-in-diabetic-kidney-disease-via-nrf2-pink1
#15
Li Xiao, Xiaoxuan Xu, Fan Zhang, Ming Wang, Yan Xu, Dan Tang, Jiahui Wang, Yan Qin, Yu Liu, Chengyuan Tang, Liyu He, Anna Greka, Zhiguang Zhou, Fuyou Liu, Zheng Dong, Lin Sun
Mitochondria play a crucial role in tubular injury in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant that exerts protective effects in diabetic mice, but the mechanism underlying these effects is not clear. We demonstrated that mitochondrial abnormalities, such as defective mitophagy, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) overexpression and mitochondrial fragmentation, occurred in the tubular cells of db/db mice, accompanied by reduced PINK and Parkin expression and increased apoptosis...
December 21, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029041/analysis-of-hypd-disulfide-redox-chemistry-via-optimization-of-fourier-transformed-ac-voltammetric-data
#16
Hope Adamson, Martin Robinson, Paul S Bond, Basem Soboh, Kathryn Gillow, Alexandr Nikolaevich Simonov, Darrell M Elton, Alan M Bond, R Gary Sawers, David J Gavaghan, Alison Parkin
Rapid disulfide bond formation and cleavage is an essential mechanism of life. Using large amplitude Fourier transformed alternating current voltammetry (FTacV) we have measured previously uncharacterized disulfide bond redox chemistry in Escherichia coli HypD. This protein is representative of a class of assembly proteins that play an essential role in the biosynthesis of the active site of [NiFe]-hydrogenases, a family of H2-activating enzymes. Compared to conventional electrochemical methods, the advantages of the FTacV technique are the high resolution of the faradaic signal in the higher order harmonics and the fact that a single electrochemical experiment contains all the data needed to estimate the (very fast) electron transfer rates (both rate constants ≥ 4000 s(-1)) and quantify the energetics of the cysteine disulfide redox-reaction (reversible potentials for both processes approx...
December 28, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028541/butterfly-magnetoresistance-quasi-2d-dirac-fermi-surface-and-topological-phase-transition-in-zrsis
#17
Mazhar N Ali, Leslie M Schoop, Chirag Garg, Judith M Lippmann, Erik Lara, Bettina Lotsch, Stuart S P Parkin
Magnetoresistance (MR), the change of a material's electrical resistance in response to an applied magnetic field, is a technologically important property that has been the topic of intense study for more than a quarter century. We report the observation of an unusual "butterfly"-shaped titanic angular magnetoresistance (AMR) in the nonmagnetic Dirac material, ZrSiS, which we find to be the most conducting sulfide known, with a 2-K resistivity as low as 48(4) nΩ⋅cm. The MR in ZrSiS is large and positive, reaching nearly 1...
December 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024839/pink1-parkin-mediated-mitophagy-play-a-protective-role-in-cisplatin-induced-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-injury
#18
Chuanyan Zhao, Zhuyun Chen, Xueqiang Xu, Xiaofei An, Suyan Duan, Zhimin Huang, Chengning Zhang, Lin Wu, Bo Zhang, Aihua Zhang, Changying Xing, Yanggang Yuan
Cisplatin often causes acute kidney injury (AKI) in the treatment of a wide variety of malignancies. Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the main reasons for cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Previous study showed that Pink1 and Parkin play central roles in regulating the mitophagy, which is a key protective mechanism by specifically eliminating dysfunctional or damaged mitochondria. However, the mechanisms that modulate mitophagy in cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity remain to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Pink1/Parkin pathway in mitophagy, mitochondrial dysfunction and renal proximal tubular cells injury during cisplatin treatment...
December 23, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018875/diagnostic-accuracy-of-developmental-screening-in-primary-care-at-the-18-month-health-supervision-visit-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Meta van den Heuvel, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Christine Koroshegyi, Weeda Zabih, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jonathon Maguire, Catherine Birken, Patricia Parkin
BACKGROUND: Communication delays are often the first presenting problem in infants with a range of developmental disabilities. Our objective was to assess the validity of the 18-month Nipissing District Developmental Screen compared with the Infant Toddler Checklist, a validated tool for detecting expressive language and other communication delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Children aged 18-20 months were recruited during scheduled health supervision visits...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017782/parkin-and-pink1-functions-in-oxidative-stress-and-neurodegeneration
#20
Sandeep K Barodia, Rose B Creed, Matthew S Goldberg
Loss-of-function mutations in the genes encoding Parkin and PINK1 are causally linked to autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, and PINK1, a mitochondrial-targeted kinase, function together in a common pathway to remove dysfunctional mitochondria by autophagy. Presumably, deficiency for Parkin or PINK1 impairs mitochondrial autophagy and thereby increases oxidative stress due to the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria that release reactive oxygen species. Parkin and PINK1 likely have additional functions that may be relevant to the mechanisms by which mutations in these genes cause neurodegeneration, such as regulating inflammation, apoptosis, or dendritic morphogenesis...
December 22, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
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