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Jing Yuan, Xinshuang Yu, Aihua Wang, Yan Li, Fengjun Liu, Yao Wang, Shanmei Sun, Xiuyang Bing, Yiming Liu, Juan Du
For several years, the cause of autosomal recessive mental retardation has been attributed to the deletion or mutation of a gene named tumor suppressor candidate 3 (TUSC3). Previous research has identified that TUSC3 is a potential tumor suppressor gene in oral epidermoid carcinoma, lung cancer and esophageal cancer. However, to the best of our knowledge, no previously published data has existed on the expression of TUSC3 in gliomas. The present study focused on the expression of TUSC3 in brain gliomas. Additionally, the present study sought to identify he association between TUSC3 expression and the typical clinical and pathological disease manifestations of gliomas...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Aernoud A van Batenburg, Karin M Kazemier, Ton Peeters, Matthijs F M van Oosterhout, Joanne J van der Vis, Jan C Grutters, Roel Goldschmeding, Coline H M van Moorsel
Telomeres are small repetitive DNA sequences at the ends of chromosomes which act as a buffer in age-dependent DNA shortening. Insufficient telomere repeats will be recognized as double-strand breaks. Presently, it is becoming more evident that telomere attrition, whether or not caused by mutations in telomere maintenance genes, plays an important role in many inflammatory and age-associated diseases. In this report, a method to (semi)quantitatively assess telomere length and DNA double-strand breaks in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue is described...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
Keith E Steele, Tze Heng Tan, René Korn, Karma Dacosta, Charles Brown, Michael Kuziora, Johannes Zimmermann, Brian Laffin, Moritz Widmaier, Lorenz Rognoni, Ruben Cardenes, Katrin Schneider, Anmarie Boutrin, Philip Martin, Jiping Zha, Tobias Wiestler
BACKGROUND: Immuno-oncology and cancer immunotherapies are areas of intense research. The numbers and locations of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are important measures of the immune response to cancer with prognostic, pharmacodynamic, and predictive potential. We describe the development, validation, and application of advanced image analysis methods to characterize multiple immunohistochemistry-derived CD8 parameters in clinical and nonclinical tumor tissues. METHODS: Commercial resection tumors from nine cancer types, and paired screening/on-drug biopsies of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients enrolled in a phase 1/2 clinical trial investigating the PD-L1 antibody therapy durvalumab (NCT01693562), were immunostained for CD8...
March 6, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Bryce Noll, Wei-Lien Wang, Yun Gong, Jun Zhao, Neda Kalhor, Victor Prieto, Gregg Staerkel, Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), have emerged as a therapeutic approach for patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). PD-L1 expression, assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), is used to select patients for PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor therapy. Most studies have been performed with histology specimens, with limited data available on the performance in cytology specimens...
March 2, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
Yuki Sato, Daichi Fujimoto, Keiichiro Uehara, Hayato Kawachi, Kazuma Nagata, Atsushi Nakagawa, Kojiro Otsuka, Ichiro Sakanoue, Hiroshi Hamakawa, Yutaka Takahashi, Yukihiro Imai, Keisuke Tomii
BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated the effects of storage of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections on the tumour proportion score (TPS) for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), as indicator in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues of treatment efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NSCLC postoperative specimens with PD-L1 TPS ≥50% were obtained and cut into five serial sections. One section was stained immediately, and four were stored at 4°C for 2, 4, 6, or 8 weeks...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Mark Kriegsmann, Alexander Harms, Daniel Kazdal, Sebastian Fischer, Albrecht Stenzinger, Jonas Leichsenring, Roland Penzel, Rémi Longuespée, Katharina Kriegsmann, Thomas Muley, Seyer Safi, Arne Warth
In the last decade it became evident that many lung adenocarcinomas (ADC) harbor key genetic alterations such as KRAS, EGFR or BRAF mutations as well as rearrangements of ROS1 or ALK that drive these tumors. In the present study we investigated whether different driver mutations of ADC result in different proliferation rates, which might have clinical impact, including resistance to therapy, recurrence and prognosis. We analyzed the proliferation index (PI) on full slides of surgically resected ADC (n = 230) with known genetic aberrations by means of immunohistochemistry and subsequent digital image analysis and correlated the results with clinicopathological variables including overall (OS) and disease free survival (DFS)...
January 2, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Joseph T Church, Elena M Perkins, Megan A Coughlin, Jennifer S McLeod, Katherine Boss, J Kelley Bentley, Marc B Hershenson, Raja Rabah, Robert H Bartlett, George B Mychaliska
BACKGROUND: Extremely premature neonates suffer high morbidity and mortality. An artificial placenta (AP) using extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a promising therapy. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that intratracheal perfluorocarbon (PFC) instillation during AP support would reduce lung injury and promote lung development relative to intratracheal amniotic fluid or crystalloid. METHODS: Lambs at an estimated gestational age (EGA) 116-121 days (term 145 days) were placed on venovenous ECLS with jugular drainage and umbilical vein reinfusion and intubated...
February 23, 2018: Neonatology
Naoki Nakajima, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Tomoyuki Nakajima, Masahiro Hirata, Ayako Furuhata, Shinji Sumiyoshi, Mariyo Rokutan-Kurata, Makoto Sonobe, Toshi Menju, Ei Miyamoto, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Date, Hironori Haga
AIMS: GATA6 is known to play a role in lung development. However, its role in the carcinogenesis of lung cancer is not well studied. The aim of this study was to analyze GATA6 expression in lung adenocarcinomas (LA) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to define its association with clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: IHC analysis of GATA6 was performed using tissue microarray slides containing 348 LAs. The association between GATA6 expression and clinicopathological parameters was evaluated...
February 22, 2018: Histopathology
Ross A Soo, Joey Sze Yun Lim, Bernadette Reyna Asuncion, Zul Fazreen, Maria Cynthia Herrera, Mohd Feroz Mohd Omar, Nguyen Hoang Diem Phuong, Ju Ee Seet, Benhur Amanuel, Barry Iacopetta, David Byrne, Shona Hendry, Stephen Fox, Richie Soong
Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression as determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is potentially predictive of clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the concordance of reported PD-L1 IHC assays and investigate factors influencing variability. Consecutive sections from 20 non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) comprising resection, core biopsy, cytology and pleural fluid samples underwent IHC with 5 different antibody/autostainer combinations: 22C3/Link48, 28-8/BOND-MAX, E1L3N/BOND-MAX, SP142/BenchMark and SP263/BenchMark...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Yoshinori Kawabata, Takahiko Kasai, Yoichiro Kobashi, Kunimitsu Kawahara, Toshimasa Uekusa, Kazuyoshi Kurashima, Yoshihiko Shimizu
AIM: To confirm whether or not grade 4 asbestosis progresses from the respiratory bronchiole to the peripheral lung. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively examined the autopsy or lobectomy specimens from 31 cases (29 males; mean age 64 years) satisfying the pathological criteria of grade 4 asbestosis. Asbestos bodies (ABs) were quantified in samples of dissolved lung and in tissue preparations on glass slides. Respiratory bronchiolar lesions were graded as 0, 1, and ≥ grade 2...
February 21, 2018: Histopathology
Helmy M Guirgis
BACKGROUND: The impact of programmed death receptor-ligand1 (PD-L1) on costs and value of the immune check point inhibitors (ICPI) has received minimal attention. OBJECTIVES: 1- Design a sliding scale to grade survival in 2nd-line non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 2- Compare costs and value of Nivolumab (Nivo), Atezolizumab (Atezo) and Pembrolizumab (Pembro) vs. Docetaxel (Doc). METHODS: Previously reported median overall survival (OS) and prices posted by parent company were utilized...
February 20, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Liron Pantanowitz, Frederic Preffer, David C Wilbur
Novel techniques have been developed to image cells at cellular and subcellular levels. They allow images to be analyzed with ultra-high resolution, in 2D and/or 3D. Several of these tools have been tested on cytology specimens demonstrating emerging applications that are likely to change the field of cytopathology. This review covers several of these advanced imaging methods. The use of optical coherence tomography to perform optical biopsies during endoscopic ultrasound procedures or visualize cells within effusion samples is discussed...
February 12, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Evgeni Gershman, Elena Ridman, Ludmila Fridel, Osnat Shtraichman, Barak Perzov, Dror Rosengarten, Nader Abdel Rahim, Dorit Shitenberg, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Trans-bronchial forceps biopsy (TBFB) is the gold standard to establish the presence of allograft rejection or infection after lung transplantation. We aimed to analyze the diagnostic yield and safety of Trans-bronchial cryo biopsy (TBCB) in lung allografts. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 402 TBB procedures in 362 lung allograft recipients performed between 2011 to 2016 .Half cases (201) were done by TBCB and other half by TBFB. 100 random slides of TBB specimens from lung allografts were reviewed for artifacts, bleeding and histological evidence...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Leonardo Jönck Staub, Roberta Rodolfo Mazzali Biscaro, Erikson Kaszubowski, Rosemeri Maurici
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic of the chest ultrasonography for the emergency diagnosis of traumatic pneumothorax and haemothorax in adults. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and LILACS (up to 2016) were systematically searched for prospective studies on the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for pneumothorax and haemothorax in adult trauma patients. The references of other systematic reviews and the included studies were checked for further articles...
February 8, 2018: Injury
Zhichao Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Houbing Song, Lina Yao, Anton Kos
Pulse diagnosis is an efficient method in traditional Chinese medicine for detecting the health status of a person in a non-invasive and convenient way. Jin's pulse diagnosis (JPD) is a very efficient recent development that is gradually recognized and well validated by the medical community in recent years. However, no acceptable results have been achieved for lung cancer recognition in the field of biomedical signal processing using JPD. More so, there is no standard JPD pulse feature defined with respect to pulse signals...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Souptik Barua, Penny Fang, Amrish Sharma, Junya Fujimoto, Ignacio Wistuba, Arvind U K Rao, Steven H Lin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic significance of spatial proximity of lung cancer cells and specific immune cells in the tumor microenvironment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We probed formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue microarrays using a novel tyramide signal amplification multiplexing technique labelling CD8, CD4, Foxp3, and CD68+ cells. Each multiplex stained immunohistochemistry slide was digitally processed by Vectra INFORMS software, and an X- and Y-coordinate assigned to each labeled cell type...
February 3, 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Ria Dancel, Daniel Schnobrich, Nitin Puri, Ricardo Franco-Sadud, Joel Cho, Loretta Grikis, Brian P Lucas, Mahmoud El-Barbary, Nilam J Soni
Executive Summary: 1) We recommend that ultrasound should be used to guide thoracentesis to reduce the risk of complications, the most common being pneumothorax. 2) We recommend that ultrasound guidance should be used to increase the success rate of thoracentesis. 3) We recommend that ultrasound-guided thoracentesis should be performed or closely supervised by experienced operators. 4) We suggest that ultrasound guidance be used to reduce the risk of complications from thoracentesis in mechanically ventilated patients...
February 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Byung Sup Kim, Yuil Kim, Doo-Sik Kong, Do-Hyun Nam, Jung-Il Lee, Yeon-Lim Suh, Ho Jun Seol
OBJECTIVE The authors conducted this retrospective study to investigate the clinical outcomes of intracranial solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and hemangiopericytoma (HPC), defined according to the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors. METHODS Histopathologically proven intracranial SFT and HPC cases treated in the period from June 1996 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Two neuropathologists reviewed pathological slides and regraded the specimens according to the 2016 WHO classification...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Erika E Doxtader, Yu-Wei Cheng, Yaxia Zhang
CONTEXT: - Given the increasing demand for molecular testing of non-small cell lung carcinoma specimens to guide therapeutic decision-making, and the trend toward minimally invasive techniques for obtaining diagnostic tissue, cytopathology laboratories must devise strategies to maximize DNA yield for necessary molecular testing. OBJECTIVE: - To describe our experience at Cleveland Clinic with epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR) mutation testing by next-generation sequencing and anaplastic lymphoma kinase ( ALK) gene rearrangement testing by fluorescence in situ hybridization of non-small cell lung carcinomas diagnosed by cytology, with an emphasis on specimens obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine-needle aspiration...
January 26, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Kristina Dietert, Geraldine Nouailles, Birgitt Gutbier, Katrin Reppe, Sarah Berger, Xiaohui Jiang, Anja E Schauer, Andreas C Hocke, Susanne Herold, Hortense Slevogt, Martin Witzenrath, Norbert Suttorp, Achim D Gruber
Descriptive histopathology of mouse models of pneumonia is essential in assessing the outcome of infections, molecular manipulations or therapies in the context of whole lungs. Quantitative comparisons between experimental groups, however, have been limited to laborious stereology or ill-defined scoring systems that depend on the subjectivity of a more or less experienced observer. Here, we introduce self-learning digital image analyses that allow to transform optical information from whole mouse lung sections into statistically testable data...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
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