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behavioral intervention

Danielle Groat, Hiral Soni, Maria Adela Grando, Bithika Thompson, David Kaufman, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND:  Type 1 diabetes (T1D) care requires multiple daily self-management behaviors (SMBs). Preliminary studies on SMBs rely mainly on self-reported survey and interview data. There is little information on adult T1D SMBs, along with corresponding compensation techniques (CTs), gathered in real-time. OBJECTIVE:  The article aims to use a patient-centered approach to design iDECIDE, a smartphone application that gathers daily diabetes SMBs and CTs related to meal and alcohol intake and exercise in real-time, and contrast patients' actual behaviors against those self-reported with the app...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Amy Christensen, Christian J Pike
Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis is a multifactorial process that involves numerous pathways within the central nervous system. Thus, interventions that interact with several disease-related pathways may offer an increased opportunity for successful prevention and treatment of AD. Translocator protein 18 kD (TSPO) is a mitochondrial protein that is associated with regulation of many cellular processes including inflammation, steroid synthesis, apoptosis, and mitochondrial respiration. Although TSPO ligands have been shown to be protective in several neurodegenerative paradigms, little work has been done to assess their potential as treatments for AD...
June 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Sandra Gray, Susan Rarick
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a number of adverse effects including hypersexuality (HYP), substance use (SUB), suicidality (SUI), and depression (DEP). Despite a plethora of research on CSA, little is known about how it affects adolescents and the cultural factors that influence their coping styles. This study was founded on social-cultural coping theory and the model of traumagenic dynamics of sexual abuse, suggesting that CSA consequences lead to maladaptive coping mechanisms influenced by sociocultural factors...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Fiona Chance-Larsen, Kenneth Chance-Larsen, Anestis Divanoglou, Andrew Baird
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific low back pain (LBP) can progress to chronic disability and prolonged absence from work. Despite clinical and professional guidelines, physiotherapists often fail to address return to work outcomes. AIMS: The aim of this exploratory study was to determine whether an e-learning resource tailored to physiotherapy practice could affect physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs regarding return to work advice for their patients. DESIGN: A prospective interventional cohort study (pilot)...
June 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Diene Monique Carlos, Elisangela Aparecida da Silva Lizzi, Rafaela Rosário, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
OBJECTIVE: to verify if the improvement of social and emotional skills reduces bullying victimization in 6th grade students 12 months after the end of the intervention. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study with 78 students who were bullying victims. A cognitive behavioral intervention based on social skills was conducted with the intervention group. The eight sessions addressed politeness, making friendships, self-control, emotional expressiveness, empathy, assertiveness and solution of interpersonal problems...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Elena Kokkoni, Samuel W Logan, Tracy Stoner, Terri Peffley, James C Galloway
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of a new open-area body weight support system (BWSS) to act as both an "assistive" and a "rehabilitative" device within the home. INTERVENTION: A 5-year-old boy with spina bifida used the BWSS during self-selected activities for 10 weeks. Feasibility, behavioral, and clinical assessments provided a quantification of his activity in and out of the BWSS. OUTCOMES: On average, the child used the device on 2...
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Tal Milman, Raed A Joundi, Naif M Alotaibi, Gustavo Saposnik
BACKGROUND: Clinical Inertia is defined as "failure of health care providers to initiate or intensify therapy according to current guidelines". This phenomenon is gaining increasing attention as a major cause of clinicians' failure to adequately manage hypertension, thus leading to an increased incidence of cardiovascular events. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine whether interventions aimed at reducing clinical inertia in the pharmacological treatment of hypertension improve blood pressure (BP) control...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Neel S Bhatt, Ruta Brazauskas, Heather R Tecca, Jenny Vogel, Deborah Mattila, Stephanie J Lee, Mary M Horowitz, J Douglas Rizzo, Bronwen E Shaw
To study the factors associated with poorer health-related quality of life at 1-year post-allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT), a secondary analysis of a prospective feasibility study was performed. Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory questionnaires were collected in 76 children undergoing alloHCT at baseline (within 30 d before transplantation), day 100, 6 months, and 12 months posttransplantation. The global score improved post-HCT (baseline: 67.1, 12 mo: 76.6). Females (odds ratio, 6...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Kirsty Forsdike, Laura Tarzia, Michael Flood, Rodney Vlais, Kelsey Hegarty
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common complex social and public health problem. Interventions for IPV male perpetrators are an essential component of an early and effective response. Yet little is known about how to engage men in interventions for help-seeking. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), we explored men's perceptions of seeking help for an unhealthy relationship and how they could be supported to recognize their behavior and undertake change at an early stage. We recruited 23 men who were currently attending a men's behavior change program in Australia to take part in focus groups...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Preety Gadhoke, Salome Pemberton, Ava Foudeh, Barrett P Brenton
In this case study, a formative evaluation was conducted for "Promoting Food Security and Healthy Lifestyles" pilot intervention at a Community-Based Organization in a marginalized neighborhood in Bedford-Stuyvesant in New York City. Utilizing a rigorous, theoretically grounded, and mixed methods approach, a survey was designed to encompass the social, environmental, and behavioral determinants of food insecurity and health promotion for Emergency Food Assistance System users. The final survey tested well for face and content validity and meets the criteria for internal reliability...
June 20, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Suzanne E Decker, Kristen P Morie, Bo Malin-Mayo, Charla Nich, Kathleen M Carroll
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for substance use disorder is empirically supported, and may be associated with change in affect over time. OBJECTIVES: Understanding the role of affect in cocaine use disorder could help to improve CBT outcomes. METHODS: This secondary analysis included 140 adults with cocaine use disorder, 57.9% female, drawn from two randomized controlled studies of web-based cognitive-behavior therapy who completed the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) before and during treatment...
June 20, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Lindsay C Malloy, Allison P Mugno, Daniel A Waschbusch, William E Pelham, Victoria Talwar
Although parents are significant sources of socialization in children's lives including with respect to their moral behavior, very little research has focused on how parents socialize children's honesty and dishonesty, especially parents of atypically developing children for whom lying is of substantial concern. We surveyed 49 parents of typically-developing (TD) children (Mage  = 7.49, SD = 1.54) and 47 parents of children who had been diagnosed with a disruptive behavior disorder (DBD; Mage  = 7...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
I P Butkevich, V A Mikhailenko
We studied the effect of chronic injections of serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine to rats during pregnancy on physiological and behavioral characteristics of female offspring during the prepubertal period. Fluoxetine reduced body weight in newborn females, but this parameter was restored to normal values by the age of 25 days. Fluoxetine also increased animal anxiety, but did not change the level of depressive behavior and cognitive capacities. It was shown that chronic injections of physiological solution to pregnant female enhanced nociceptive responses in the offspring during the prepubertal period, while fluoxetine neutralized the consequences of invasive intervention, which was expressed in a lower level of pain reaction in the offspring...
June 19, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Kyung Wan Lee, Yoon Hee Choi, Jae Hee Lee
Purpose: To reduce problems caused by alcohol drinking, it is necessary to identify those with 'at-risk drinking' behavior to maximize therapeutic access or intervention. To this end, we sought to determine the cut-off point for screening of at-risk drinking by the Korean version of the AUDIT-C (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-Consumption). Materials and methods: We obtained data from the scientific research project of "the supervision of the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDCP)" in 2010...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rizma Adlia Syakurah, Shabrina Yunita Adzani, Alzena Dwi Saltike, Dhiya Silvi Ramadhini
INTRODUCTION: Providing health promotion and communication learning opportunities for medical students practising their theoretical information into action, addressing the health problems, and trying to find suitable and feasible interventions is very much neededto learn and experience directly about healthrelated behavior in the community. Health promotion practice of PRECEDE-PROCEED model, is used as the foundation of this Family Outreach and Empowerment Program (FOEP). This study aims to implement and evaluate FOEP as an effective health promotion learning model for undergraduate medical students...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Vahid Farnia, Abdulzahra Naami, Yadollah Zargar, Iran Davoodi, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Ashraf Kazemi, Behrad Basanj, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani
BACKGROUND: Assessing various therapeutic methods with the intention to decrease the problems relevant to abused children is of high significance. Accordingly, the present study seeks to compare the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF.CBT) with an emphasis on the theory of mind on posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies in abused children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi-randomized clinical trial study was done on 39 abused children who referred to welfare organization centers in Ahvaz - Iran...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva, Vipin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood neurobehavioral disorder, which may cause impairment in multiple domains. Understanding the pathway to care helps in planning effective early interventions. The study aims to provide a quantitative description of the factors affecting the help-seeking pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at an outpatients department of a tertiary care multispecialty hospital. Fifty consecutive consenting children aged 5-15 years were screened and diagnosed for ADHD using Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised: Short Form, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition text revision criteria, and Kiddie Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Bonnie Spring, Christine Pellegrini, H G McFadden, Angela Fidler Pfammatter, Tammy K Stump, Juned Siddique, Abby C King, Donald Hedeker
BACKGROUND: Prevalent co-occurring poor diet and physical inactivity convey chronic disease risk to the population. Large magnitude behavior change can improve behaviors to recommended levels, but multiple behavior change interventions produce small, poorly maintained effects. OBJECTIVE: The Make Better Choices 2 trial tested whether a multicomponent intervention integrating mHealth, modest incentives, and remote coaching could sustainably improve diet and activity...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Mark J Van Ryzin, Cary J Roseth
BACKGROUND: Peer influence processes have been linked to escalation in substance use during the middle school years, particularly among at-risk youth. In this study, we report on an approach to prevention that attempts to counteract peer influence by interrupting the process of deviant peer clustering, in which socially marginalized youth self-aggregate and reinforce delinquent behavior, including substance use. We aimed to interrupt this process by implementing collaborative, group-based learning activities in school (i...
June 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Duncan Henry, Travis Vesel, Christy Boscardin, Sandrijn van Schaik
BACKGROUND: For effective self-directed life-long learning physicians need to engage in feedback-seeking, which means fostering such behavior during training. Self-determination theory (SDT) posits that intrinsic motivation is fostered when the environment optimizes the individual's experience of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. Educational settings meeting these psychological needs may foster intrinsic motivation in trainees, enhance their desire for feedback, and promote feedback-seeking...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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