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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346889/quantifying-the-dynamics-of-emotional-expressions-in-family-therapy-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Laurent Pezard, Karyn Doba, Annick Lesne, Jean-Louis Nandrino
Emotional interactions have been considered dynamical processes involved in the affective life of humans and their disturbances may induce mental disorders. Most studies of emotional interactions have focused on dyadic behaviors or self-reports of emotional states but neglected the dynamical processes involved in family therapy. The main objective of this study is to quantify the dynamics of emotional expressions and their changes using the family therapy of patients with anorexia nervosa as an example. Nonlinear methods characterize the variability of the dynamics at the level of the whole therapeutic system and reciprocal influence between the participants during family therapy...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346472/can-group-based-reassuring-information-alter-low-back-pain-behavior-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Pernille Frederiksen, Aage Indahl, Lars L Andersen, Kim Burton, Rasmus Hertzum-Larsen, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in the population and multifactorial in nature, often involving negative consequences. Reassuring information to improve coping is recommended for reducing the negative consequences of LBP. Adding a simple non-threatening explanation for the pain (temporary muscular dysfunction) has been successful at altering beliefs and behavior when delivered with other intervention elements. This study investigates the isolated effect of this specific information on future occupational behavior outcomes when delivered to the workforce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346379/the-economic-cost-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-suicide-behavior-in-the-australian-workforce-and-the-potential-impact-of-a-workplace-suicide-prevention-strategy
#3
Irina Kinchin, Christopher M Doran
Suicide and non-fatal suicide behavior (NFSB) are significant problems faced by most countries. The objective of this research is to quantify the economic cost of suicide and NFSB in the Australian workforce and to examine the potential impact of introducing a workplace suicide prevention intervention to reduce this burden. The analysis used the best available suicide data, a well-established costing methodology, and a proven workplace intervention. In 2014, 903 workers died by suicide, 2303 workers harmed themselves resulting in full incapacity, and 11,242 workers harmed themselves resulting in a short absence from work...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345961/the-short-term-efficacy-of-an-unguided-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-six-month-nonrandomized-follow-up
#4
Susanne Hagatun, Øystein Vedaa, Tine Nordgreen, Otto R F Smith, Ståle Pallesen, Odd E Havik, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband, Børge Sivertsen
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia is a major health problem, and the need for effective and accessible treatment is urgent. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy of an unguided Internet-based cognitive-behavioral treatment program for insomnia (CBTi), called SHUTi (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet). METHODS: This study used a parallel arm randomized controlled trial in Norway. Participants were randomly allocated to the SHUTi condition or a Web-based patient education condition...
March 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345362/mindfulness-based-movement
#5
Alexander R Lucas, Heidi D Klepin, Stephen W Porges, W Jack Rejeski
Compelling evidence suggests that physical activity is an effective intervention for cancer survivors, including for those undergoing active cancer treatments. However, to date most evidence has emerged from interventions that have promoted moderate to vigorous physical activity. In this conceptual review, we argue that attention should be given to the entire continuum of physical activity from reducing sedentary behavior to increasing higher levels of physical activity when possible. In addition, considerable evidence in the cancer literature supports the value of mindfulness-based interventions as a means of helping patients and survivors cope with the variety of threats that accompany this disease...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344974/assessing-preferences-for-animals-in-children-with-autism-a-new-use-for-video-based-preference-assessment
#6
REVIEW
Noémie A Guérin, Kerri E Rodriguez, Matthew T Brodhead, Marguerite E O'Haire
The inclusion of animals into interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a growing practice known as animal-assisted intervention (AAI). The choice of the animal to include in an intervention is often solely up to the interventionist and depends on their experience, subjective judgment, and ease of access to different animals. For individuals with ASD who are non-verbal and unable to indicate preferred stimuli or activities, incorporating preference into interventions has been linked to increases in positive behaviors and enhanced quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344855/changes-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-behavior-beliefs-self-efficacy-and-barriers-among-community-health-clinic-patients-after-a-health-literacy-intervention
#7
Connie L Arnold, Alfred Rademaker, Dachao Liu, Terry C Davis
OBJECTIVE: The objective in this pre- and post-survey assessment was to compare the effectiveness of a health literacy-directed intervention designed to increase knowledge, beliefs, barriers, self-efficacy and behavior associated with CRC screening with FOBT among patients cared for in predominantly rural community clinics and the change in these characteristics over the first 15 months after enrolling in a study designed to assess screening strategies. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, a quasi-experimental intervention was conducted in 8 predominantly rural Federally Qualified Health Centers...
February 2017: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344777/recent-advances-in-the-link-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-physical-fitness-and-colorectal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Vikneswaran Namasivayam, Sam Lim
Physical inactivity is a well-established risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent studies have characterized physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and cardiorespiratory fitness as distinct, interrelated constructs that influence the risk of CRC and related outcomes. PA levels required to confer protection against CRC may be higher than previously thought. Sedentary behavior, defined as time spent sitting, increases CRC risk independent of PA and may require novel interventions distinct from those targeting PA...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344674/relationships-between-individual-endorsement-of-aggressive-behaviors-and-thoughts-with-prejudice-relevant-correlates-among-adolescents
#9
Giovanni Piumatti, Cristina Mosso
The current study explored how individual differences in endorsement of aggressive behaviors and thoughts relate to individual levels of tolerance and prejudice toward immigrants and established prejudice correlates such as social dominance orientation (SDO) and ethnic out-groups ratings among adolescents. Participants (N = 141; Age M = 16.08, 68% girls) completed the Readiness for Interpersonal Aggression Inventory, the Tolerance and Prejudice Questionnaire, and measures of SDO and ethnic out-groups ratings...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344643/goliah-gaming-open-library-for-intervention-in-autism-at-home-a-6-month-single-blind-matched-controlled-exploratory-study
#10
Anne-Lise Jouen, Antonio Narzisi, Jean Xavier, Elodie Tilmont, Nicolas Bodeau, Valentina Bono, Nabila Ketem-Premel, Salvatore Anzalone, Koushik Maharatna, Mohamed Chetouani, Filippo Muratori, David Cohen
BACKGROUND: To meet the required hours of intensive intervention for treating children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we developed an automated serious gaming platform (11 games) to deliver intervention at home (GOLIAH) by mapping the imitation and joint attention (JA) subset of age-adapted stimuli from the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) intervention. Here, we report the results of a 6-month matched controlled exploratory study. METHODS: From two specialized clinics, we included 14 children (age range 5-8 years) with ASD and 10 controls matched for gender, age, sites, and treatment as usual (TAU)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344370/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-for-children-with-externalizing-behavior-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disabilities-a-randomized-trial
#11
Hilde Schuiringa, Maroesjka van Nieuwenhuijzen, Bram Orobio de Castro, John E Lochman, Walter Matthys
This study evaluated the effectiveness of Standing Strong Together (SST), a combined group based parent and child intervention for externalizing behavior in 9-16 year-old children with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). Children with externalizing behavior and MBID (IQ from 55 to 85) (N = 169) were cluster randomly assigned to SST combined with care as usual or to care as usual only. SST led to a significant benefit on teacher reported but not on parent reported externalizing behavior. SST had significant effects on parent rated positive parenting and the parent-child relationship...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344120/a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-counseling-for-diverse-patients-in-primary-care
#12
REVIEW
Cathy L Melvin, Melanie S Jefferson, LaShanta J Rice, Lynne S Nemeth, Andrea M Wessell, Paul J Nietert, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Prior research and systematic reviews have examined strategies related to weight management, less is known about lifestyle and behavioral counseling interventions optimally suited for implementation in primary care practices generally, and among racial and ethnic patient populations. Primary care practitioners may find it difficult to access and use available research findings on effective behavioral and lifestyle counseling strategies and to assess their effects health behaviors among their patients. This systematic review compiled existing evidence from randomized trials to inform primary care providers about which lifestyle and behavioral change interventions are shown to be effective for changing patients' diet, physical activity and weight outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#13
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343124/effects-of-acute-alcohol-consumption-on-measures-of-simulated-driving-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Christopher Irwin, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Ben Desbrow, Danielle McCartney
Driving simulators are used in a wide range of research settings to help develop an understanding of driver behavior in complex environments. Acute alcohol impairment is an important research topic for traffic safety and a large number of studies have indicated levels of simulated driving impairment imposed by alcohol across a range of performance outcome variables. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of acute alcohol consumption on simulated driving performance by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available evidence...
March 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342625/development-of-a-theory-guided-storytelling-narrative-intervention-to-improve-hpv-vaccination-behavior-save-our-daughters-from-cervical-cancer
#15
Haeok Lee, Minjin Kim, Jeroan Allison, Peter Kiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341960/relationship-between-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-subanalysis-of-the-ccmr-3b-study
#16
Yuxin Huang, Jihu Li, Xiaolin Zhu, Jiao Sun, Linong Ji, Dayi Hu, Changyu Pan, Wen Tan, Suyuan Jiang, Xiaoming Tao
AIMS: This subanalysis of a cross-sectional, nationwide study was undertaken to assess the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and multiple cardiovascular risk factors among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Data collected from 25,454 participants, including demographics, lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular risk profiles, were analyzed. Blood pressure control as well as blood glucose and blood lipid (3Bs) levels were measured as multi-risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
March 25, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341895/capsule-commentary-on-egede-et-al-telephone-delivered-behavioral-skills-intervention-for-african-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Augustine Chavez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341888/the-respiratory-control-of-carbon-dioxide-in-children-and-adolescents-referred-for-treatment-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#18
Kasia Kozlowska, Reena Rampersad, Catherine Cruz, Ubaid Shah, Catherine Chudleigh, Samantha Soe, Deepak Gill, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are a common problem in paediatric neurology and psychiatry that can best be understood as atypical responses to threat. Threats activate the body for action by mediating increases in arousal, respiration, and motor readiness. In previous studies, a range of cardiac, endocrine, brain-based, attention-bias, and behavioral measures have been used to demonstrate increases in arousal, vigilance, and motor readiness in patients with PNES. The current study uses respiratory measures to assess both the motor readiness of the respiratory system and the respiratory regulation of CO2...
March 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#19
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341562/deformable-discoidal-polymeric-nanoconstructs-for-the-precise-delivery-of-therapeutic-and-imaging-agents
#20
REVIEW
Anna Lisa Palange, Roberto Palomba, Ilaria F Rizzuti, Miguel Ferreira, Paolo Decuzzi
Over the last 15 years, a plethora of materials and different formulations have been proposed for the realization of nanomedicines. Yet drug-loading efficiency, sequestration by phagocytic cells, and tumor accumulation are sub-optimal. This would imply that radically new design approaches are needed to propel the clinical integration of nanomedicines, overcoming well-accepted clichés. This work briefly reviews the use of deformable discoidal nanoconstructs as a novel delivery strategy for therapeutic and imaging agents...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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