keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

behavioral intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727950/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-outcomes-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-u-s-adults-using-healthy-people-2020-leading-health-indicators
#2
Mitchell R Lunn, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack, William W Thompson, Michael B Blank, Baligh R Yehia
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual) adults and compare sexual minority and heterosexual populations on nine Healthy People 2020 leading health indicators (LHIs). METHODS: Using a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey (National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015) of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population (228,893,944 adults), nine Healthy People 2020 LHIs addressing health behaviors and access to care, stratified using a composite variable of sex (female, male) and sexual orientation (gay or lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual), were analyzed individually and in aggregate...
July 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727935/food-addiction-a-barrier-for-effective-weight-management-for-obese-adolescents
#3
Connie L Tompkins, Jennifer Laurent, David W Brock
BACKGROUND: Findings from studies of food addiction in adults suggest those with food addiction are less successful in weight-loss interventions. Little is known about food addiction in obesity treatment-seeking adolescents; therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of food addiction and correlates of food addiction symptoms in obese adolescents entering an outpatient, weight management program. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n = 26) were administered the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C), measures of appetitive responsiveness, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and following a 12-week, outpatient, behavioral weight management program...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727712/intervertebral-foramen-injection-of-ozone-relieves-mechanical-allodynia-and-enhances-analgesic-effect-of-gabapentin-in-animal-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#4
Wen-Jun Luo, Fan Yang, Fei Yang, Wei Sun, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Liang Wang, Fang-Fang Wu, Jiang-Lin Wang, Jia-Shuang Wang, Su-Min Guan, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: In a 5-year follow-up study in a hospital in southern China, it was shown that intervertebral foramen (IVF) injection of ozone at the involved segmental levels could significantly alleviate paroxysmal spontaneous pain and mechanical allodynia in patients with chronic, intractable postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and improve the quality of life. However, so far no proof-of-concept studies in animals have been available. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether IVF ozone has an analgesic effect on animal models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727664/effect-of-self-efficacy-intervention-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-intestinal-stoma
#5
Shujuan Xu, Zhiyun Zhang, Aimei Wang, Jiangyun Zhu, Hongzhi Tang, Xiaoli Zhu
Colorectal carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and the most prevalent cause of cancer mortality in China. The Miles operation and permanent colostomy are effective treatment. However, these affect the quality of life of patients as they alter normal defecation. Self-efficacy is used to define an individuals' assessments of their ability to perform a specific behavior successfully. It is regarded as an important belief that can predict health behaviors. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of a self-efficacy intervention on the quality of life of patients with a permanent colostomy...
July 19, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727640/no-seasonal-changes-in-cognitive-functioning-among-high-school-football-athletes-implementation-of-a-novel-electrophysiological-measure-and-standard-clinical-measures
#6
Steven P Broglio, Richelle Williams, Ashley Rettmann, Brandon Moore, James T Eckner, Sean Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neuroelectric and cognitive function relative to a season of football participation. Cognitive and neuroelectric function declines are hypothesized to be present in football athletes. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Athletic fields and research laboratory. PATIENTS (OR PARTICIPANTS): Seventy-seven high school athletes (15.9 + 0.9 years, 178.6 + 7.2 cm, 74.4 + 14.7 kg, and 0.8 + 0.8 self-reported concussions) participating in football (n = 46) and noncontact sports (n = 31)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726520/rural-and-urban-substance-use-differences-effects-of-the-transition-to-college
#7
Karen J Derefinko, Zoran Bursac, Michael G Mejia, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
BACKGROUND: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college. METHODS: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726483/understanding-the-context-of-novel-interventions-for-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-reply-to-nielsen-et-al
#8
Joseph C Franklin, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro, Matthew K Nock
In this response to the commentary by Nielsen, Kirtley, & Townsend (in press), the authors note several points of agreement related to further testing of therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), navigating logistical and ethical issues surrounding mobile interventions, and integrating such interventions into traditional practice. They also note a common mission held by Nielsen et al., themselves, and the SITB research community more broadly: the large-scale reduction of SITBs...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#9
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726471/the-impact-of-medication-nonadherence-on-the-relationship-between-mortality-risk-and-depression-in-heart-failure
#10
Emily C Gathright, Mary A Dolansky, John Gunstad, Joseph D Redle, Richard A Josephson, Shirley M Moore, Joel W Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Heart failure affects more than 5 million U.S. adults, and approximately 20% of individuals with heart failure experience depressive symptoms. Depression is detrimental to prognosis in heart failure, conferring approximately a 2-fold increase in mortality risk. Medication nonadherence may help explain this relationship because depressed patients are less likely to adhere to the medication regimen. METHOD: Depression, electronically monitored medication adherence, and mortality were measured in a sample of 308 patients with heart failure participating in a study of self-management behavior...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726470/child-sun-safety-application-of-an-integrated-behavior-change-model
#11
Kyra Hamilton, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Amanda Rebar, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sun exposure increases risk of skin cancer in later life. Parents of young children play an important role in minimizing childhood sun exposure. The aim of the current study was to identify the motivational, volitional, and implicit antecedents of parents' sun-protective behaviors based on an Integrated Behavior Change model. METHOD: Parents (N = 373) of 2- to 5-year-old children self-reported their intentions, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, autonomous and controlled motivation, action plans, habit, and past behaviors with respect to sun-protective behaviors for their children...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726263/developing-a-medical-picture-book-for-reducing-venipuncture-distress-in-preschool-aged-children
#12
Ying Tsao, Hui-Chen Kuo, Hsui-Chuan Lee, Shuenn-Jiun Yiin
AIM: Distress associated with needle-related procedures is a major concern in preschool-aged children nursing. This study developed a medical picture book for supporting preschool-aged children facing a venipuncture and determined the effectiveness of such a book intervention in decreasing behavioural distress. METHODS: The picture book was designed in 3 stages: developing stories on medical situations, penning the text, and drafting the book. We conducted a quasiexperimental study to examine the effectiveness of the book...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726155/initial-weight-loss-response-as-an-indicator-for-providing-early-rescue-efforts-to-improve-long-term-treatment-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Jessica L Unick, Christine A Pellegrini, Kathryn E Demos, Leah Dorfman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a large variability in response to behavioral weight loss (WL) programs. Reducing rates of obesity and diabetes may require more individuals to achieve clinically significant WL post-treatment. Given that WL within the first 1-2 months of a WL program is associated with long-term WL, it may be possible to improve treatment outcomes by identifying and providing additional intervention to those with poor initial success (i.e., "early non-responders"). We review the current literature regarding early non-response to WL programs and discuss how adaptive interventions can be leveraged as a strategy to "rescue" early non-responders...
September 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#14
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#15
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725542/self-reported-health-and-behavioral-factors-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-americans-aged-40-and-over
#16
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Kesheng Wang, Laura R Iwasaki
To determine whether behavioral factors differ among metabolic conditions and self-reported health, and to determine whether self-reported health is a valid predictor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A total of 2997 individuals (≥ 40 years old) were selected from four biennial U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2007-2014). A set of weighted logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)Individuals with light physical activity are more likely to have MetS and report poor health than those with vigorous physical activity with OR = 3...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725313/the-influence-of-motivational-interviewing-on-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Scott T Wagoner, Jan Kavookjian
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition accompanied by several physical and often psychological symptoms (e.g., depression). Treatments generally involve dietary modifications and prescription medications. Of concern, non-adherence rates with prescription medications for this population have been reported to be between 30% and 45%. In order to examine an intervention that has shown promise in improving adherence, researchers systematically reviewed the literature in order to determine the impact of a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention on outcomes for individuals diagnosed with IBD...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#18
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724747/interleukin-1-receptor-in-seizure-susceptibility-after-traumatic-injury-to-the-pediatric-brain
#19
Bridgette D Semple, Terence J O'Brien, Kayleen Gimlin, David K Wright, Shi Eun Kim, Pablo M Casillas-Espinosa, Kyria M Webster, Steven Petrou, Linda J Noble-Haeusslein
Epilepsy after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor quality of life. This study aimed to characterize post-traumatic epilepsy in a mouse model of pediatric brain injury, and to evaluate the role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling as a target for pharmacological intervention. Male mice received a controlled cortical impact or sham surgery at postnatal day 21, approximating a toddler-aged child. Mice were treated acutely with an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra; 100 mg/kg s.c.) or vehicle...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724669/seeds-of-hope-incorporating-community-based-strategies-to-implement-a-weight-loss-and-empowerment-intervention-in-eastern-north-carolina
#20
Lorenzo N Hopper, Kate F Blackman, Rachel A Page, Katie Barnes, Ziya Gizlice, A Imani Rivera, Lori Carter-Edwards
Seeds of HOPE (Health, Opportunities, Partnerships, and Empowerment) was a community-based participatory research project designed to implement an evidence-based weight loss and empowerment intervention aimed at increasing self-efficacy through peer support. HOPE Works, its model, has yielded significant weight loss and increases in participants' ability to set and achieve goals, including in consumption of fruits and vegetables and in physical activity.METHODS The Seeds of HOPE project was implemented through 3 peer leader recruitment approaches using Circle Leaders...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
28902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"