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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452399/response-of-goose-intestinal-microflora-to-the-source-and-level-of-dietary-fiber
#1
Haizhu Zhou, Wei Guo, Tao Zhang, Bo Xu, Di Zhang, Zhanwei Teng, Dapeng Tao, Yujie Lou, Yunhang Gao
Geese are capable of digesting and making use of a high-fiber diet, but the mechanism is not well understood and would be of great significance for the development and utilization of roughage resources. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary fiber (source: corn stover and alfalfa, included at 5% or 8%) on microflora in goose intestines. We used 35-day-old Carlos geese in which we first studied the influence of fiber ingestion on diet digestibility and immune organ indices of geese and found that high dietary fiber (8% content) significantly increased feed intake, the digestibility of neutral and acid detergent fiber, and thymus, bursa, and spleen size...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452292/prevalence-risk-factors-and-genetic-characterization-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-sick-pigs-and-stray-cats-in-jiangsu-province-eastern-china
#2
Zhao-Feng Hou, Shi-Jie Su, Dan-Dan Liu, Le-le Wang, Chuan-Li Jia, Zhen-Xing Zhao, Yi-Fei Ma, Qiao-Qiao Li, Jin-Jun Xu, Jian-Ping Tao
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasitic protozoan with a worldwide distribution. The parasites in edible tissues of pigs and oocysts from cats are the major sources of T. gondii infection in humans. However, there are no data from sick pigs in veterinary clinics or from stray cats in Jiangsu Province, eastern China. In total, biological samples from 141 sick pigs and 64 stray cats were collected from this region. The rate of T. gondii infection in sick pigs was 46.81% using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the overall prevalence of toxoplasmosis in stray cats was 34...
February 13, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451641/splenic-implant-preservation-after-conservation-in-lactated-ringer%C3%A2-s-solution
#3
Argos Soares DE Matos Filho, Andy Petroianu, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso, Paula Vieira Teixeira Vidigal
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the morphology and function of autogenous splenic tissue implanted in the greater omentum, 24 hours after storage in Ringer-lactate solution. METHODS: we divided 35 male rats into seven groups (n=5): Group 1: no splenectomy; Group 2: total splenectomy without implant; Group 3: total splenectomy and immediate autogenous implant; Group 4: total splenectomy, preservation of the spleen in Ringer-lactate at room temperature, then sliced ​​and implanted; Group 5: total splenectomy, ​​spleen sliced and preserved in Ringer-lactate at room temperature before implantation; Group 6: total splenectomy with preservation of the spleen in Ringer-lactate at 4°C and then sliced ​​and implanted; Group 7: total splenectomy and the spleen sliced for preservation in Ringer-lactate at 4°C before implantation...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451228/a-persistent-cough-as-atypical-clinical-presentation-of-intrathoracic-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-emh-in-a-female-with-thalassemia-intermedia
#4
Mohammad Aj Abdulla, Mohamed A Yassin, Mohamed Abdelrazek, Deena Mudawi, Firyal Ibrahim, Dina S Soliman, Halima ElOmri, Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Liam Fernihough, Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman
Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is a rare disorder, defined as the appearance of hematopoietic elements outside the bone marrow or peripheral blood. The most common sites of EMH are liver and spleen, but it has been documented in other organs such as the mediastinum, lymph nodes, breast, and central nervous system. EMH occurs as a compensatory mechanism for bone marrow dysfunction in severe thalassemia. We report a case of EMH presenting as a posterior mediastinal mass in a 34-year-old woman with thalassemia intermedia with chronic cough and shortness of breath on exertion...
February 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451038/effect-of-finasteride-particle-size-reduction-on-its-pharmacokinetic-tissue-distribution-and-cellular-permeation
#5
Tarek A Ahmed, Ahmed M Al-Abd
Finasteride (FSD), a specific competitive inhibitor of the steroid type-II 5α-reductase enzyme, is used in treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and male pattern baldness. The drug is of limited solubility that affect its dissolution and bioavailability. The aim was to study the effect of FSD particle size reduction on the pharmacokinetic, tissue distribution and cellular permeation. An optimized drug micro- and nano-particles were developed, characterized, administered to group of rats, and systemic pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution within target and not-target organs were determined using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy technique...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450603/a-wandering-spleen
#6
REVIEW
Pengcheng Zhang, Raymond B Dyer, Brenda L Holbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450565/tissue-distribution-of-gold-and-silver-after-subacute-intravenous-injection-of-co-administered-gold-and-silver-nanoparticles-of-similar-sizes
#7
Ji Hyun Lee, Jae Hyuck Sung, Hyun Ryol Ryu, Kyung Seuk Song, Nam Woong Song, Hyun Min Park, Beom Soo Shin, Kangho Ahn, Mary Gulumian, Elaine M Faustman, Il Je Yu
Gold (AuNPs, 12.8 nm) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs, 10 nm), mixed or separate, were injected into the caudal vein of male Sprague-Dawley rats for 4 weeks. The rats were allowed to recover for further 4 weeks to examine the differences in AuNP/AgNP tissue distribution and clearance. The size distribution of injected AuNPs and AgNPs were not statistically different. The dose groups (five males per group for the administration and three males for the recovery) consisted of seven divisions, i.e., control, AgNPs (with a low dose of 10 µg/kg/day, and, a high dose of 100 µg/kg/day), AuNPs (with a low dose of 10 µg/kg/day, and, a high dose of 100 µg/kg/day), as well as mixed AgNPs/AuNPs (with a low dose of 10/10 µg/kg/day, and a high dose of 100/100 µg/kg/day)...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449844/commentary-maintenance-of-cd8-t-memory-lymphocytes-in-the-spleen-but-not-in-the-bone-marrow-is-dependent-on-proliferation
#8
COMMENT
Francesca Di Rosa, Benedita Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449834/peptidoglycan-recognition-protein-3-does-not-alter-the-outcome-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia-in-mice
#9
Anshu Shrivastav, Alexander N Dabrowski, Claudia Conrad, Nelli Baal, Holger Hackstein, Stephanie Plog, Kristina Dietert, Achim D Gruber, Philippe D N'Guessan, Sahar Aly, Norbert Suttorp, Janine Zahlten
Pneumococci frequently cause community-acquired pneumonia, a disease with high mortality rates, particularly in young children and in the elderly. Endogenous antimicrobial peptides and proteins such as PGLYRP3 may contribute to the progression and outcome of this disease. Since increasing antibiotic resistant strains occur all over the world, these endogenous antimicrobial molecules are interesting new targets for future therapies. In this study, the expression pattern of PGLYRP3 was analyzed in alveolar epithelial cells, alveolar macrophages and neutrophils...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449776/nkx2-3-a-slippery-slope-from-development-through-inflammation-toward-hematopoietic-malignancies
#10
REVIEW
Dóra Vojkovics, Zoltán Kellermayer, Béla Kajtár, Giovanna Roncador, Áron Vincze, Péter Balogh
The development of peripheral lymphoid tissues from the mesoderm is the result of a complex convergence combining lymphohematopoietic differentiation with the local specification of nonhematopoietic mesenchymal components. Although the various transcriptional regulators with fate-determining effects in diversifying the mobile leukocyte subsets have been thoroughly studied and identified, the tissue-specific determinants promoting the regional differentiation of resident mesenchyme are less understood. Of these factors, various members of the NK-class Nkx paralogues have emerged as key regulators for the organogenesis of spleen and mucosal lymphoid tissues, and recent data have also indicated their involvement in various pathological events, including gut inflammation and hematopoietic malignancies...
2018: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449636/structural-elucidation-of-a-polysaccharide-from-flammulina-velutipes-and-its-immunomodulation-activities-on-mouse-b-lymphocytes
#11
Wen-Han Wang, Jing-Song Zhang, Ting Feng, Jing Deng, Chi-Chung Lin, Hua Fan, Wen-Juan Yu, Hai-Ying Bao, Wei Jia
A novel polysaccharide FVPB2 was purified from fruiting bodies of Flammulina velutipes. Its structure was elucidated by monosaccharide composition and methylation analyses, UV-Visible and FTIR spectroscopy as well as NMR. FVPB2 was a homogeneous heteropolysaccharide (molecular weight ~ 1.50 × 10 4 Da) containing D-galactose, D-mannose, L-fucose, and D-glucose at molar ratio of 1.9:1.2:1:2.5. In vitro immunomodulatory studies showed FVPB2 induced proliferation of mouse spleen lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448206/regulation-of-jak2-stat3-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signal-transduction-pathways-veronica-polita-alleviates-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-murine-colitis
#12
Md Rashedunnabi Akanda, Hyeon-Hwa Nam, Weishun Tian, Anowarul Islam, Byung-Kil Choo, Byung-Yong Park
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a major inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has become a worldwide emergent disease. Veronica polita (VP) is a medicinal herb that has strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we studied the protective effect of VP on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in mice. Phytochemical screening of VP extract demonstrated the presence of high total phenolic and flavonoid contents. Compared with the DSS group, VP significantly reduced clinical symptoms with less weight loss, bloody stool, shortening of the colon, and the severity of colitis was considerably inhibited as evidenced by the reduced disease activity index (DAI) and degree of histological damage in the colon and spleen...
February 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448005/ratio-of-muscle-mass-to-fat-mass-assessed-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-is-significantly-correlated-with-liver-fat-accumulation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Noboru Kurinami, Seigo Sugiyama, Ayami Morita, Akira Yoshida, Kunio Hieshima, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Katsunori Jinnouch, Tomio Jinnouchi, Hideaki Jinnouchi
AIMS: Obesity and ectopic fat accumulation are important conditions of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our aim was to determine whether bioelectrical impedance body composition analysis combined with blood test results could estimate liver ectopic fat accumulation in patients with treatment-naïve T2DM. METHODS: Subjects were 119 untreated T2DM patients. Computed tomography scans were performed to calculate the liver to spleen attenuation ratio (L/S ratio) as a measure of liver fat accumulation, with excess liver fat accumulation defined as an L/S ratio <1...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448002/gdf11-expression-in-the-adult-rat-central-nervous-system
#14
Yutaro Hayashi, Sumiko Mikawa, Kazuma Masumoto, Fuminori Katou, Kohji Sato
Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), also known as bone morphogenetic protein 11 (BMP11), is a member of the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) superfamily. Although GDF11 plays pivotal roles during development, including anterior/posterior patterning, formation of the kidney, stomach, spleen and endocrine pancreas, little information is available for GDF11 expression in the adult central nervous system (CNS). We, thus, investigated GDF11 expression in the adult rat CNS using immunohistochemistry. GDF11 was intensely expressed in most neurons and their axons...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447949/protective-effects-of-alpinae-oxyphyllae-fructus-extracts-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-animal-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Yunlong Wang, Mengshi Wang, Kaiyue Fan, Tongde Li, Tingxu Yan, Bo Wu, Kaishun Bi, Ying Jia
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alpinae Oxyphyllae Fructus (AOF) with warming and tonifying the kidney and spleen, anti-salivation, anti-polyuria and anti-diarrhea functions is the dried ripe fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. (Zingiberaceae). As a traditional Chinese medicine, its application history is very long. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study is to investigate the effects of different solvent extracts from AOF on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to elucidate the traditional medical theories with modern pharmacological methods and provide a reference for further clarifying its active components and mechanisms...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447937/splenectomy-may-have-more-complications-than-currently-proven
#16
Somayeh Zakeri, Narjes Gorji, Marjan Akhtari, Reihaneh Moeini
The spleen has been one of the least understood major organs for centuries. Its significance is relatively well-known today but it seems that all aspects of its activities are not fully understood. Persian medicine (PM) has special views on the function of spleen; many side effects were reported in PM due to spleen dysfunction. On the other hand nowadays splenectomy as a treatment strategy is recommended for some disorders and increasing risk of infections is considered as the most important long term side effect of that...
March 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447014/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-mif-inhibitor-z-590-suppresses-cartilage-destruction-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-via-inhibition-of-macrophage-inflammatory-activation
#17
Zhiyu Zhang, Rong Zhang, Linlang Li, Lijun Zhu, Shiyuan Gao, Qiran Lu, Yihui Gu, Yu Zhang, Huicui Yang, Tingjun Hou, Xuechu Zhen, Long Tai Zheng
INTRODUCTION: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic pro-inflammatory mediator that is involved in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previously, we demonstrated a small molecule compound 3-[(biphenyl-4-ylcarbonyl) carbamothioyl] amino benzoic acid (Z-590) could inhibit MIF activity with docking-based virtual screening and experimental evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The LPS activated RAW264.7 macrophage cells were used to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of Z-590 in vitro...
February 15, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446546/de-novo-variants-in-myelin-regulatory-factor-myrf-as-candidates-of-a-new-syndrome-of-cardiac-and-urogenital-anomalies
#18
Hailey Pinz, Louise C Pyle, Dong Li, Kosuke Izumi, Cara Skraban, Jennifer Tarpinian, Stephen R Braddock, Aida Telegrafi, Kristin G Monaghan, Elaine Zackai, Elizabeth J Bhoj
Myelin Regulatory Factor (MYRF) is a transcription factor that has previously been associated with the control of the expression of myelin-related genes. However, it is highly expressed in human tissues and mouse embryonic tissues outside the nervous system such as the stomach, lung, and small intestine. It has not previously been reported as a cause of any Mendelian disease. We report here two males with Scimitar syndrome [MIM 106700], and other features including penoscrotal hypospadias, cryptorchidism, pulmonary hypoplasia, tracheal anomalies, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cleft spleen, thymic involution, and thyroid fibrosis...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446234/a-natural-antioxidant-tannic-acid-mitigates-iron-overload-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-swiss-albino-mice-through-ros-regulation
#19
Tapasree Basu, Sourav Panja, Anil Khushalrao Shendge, Abhishek Das, Nripendranath Mandal
Tannic acid (TA), a water soluble natural polyphenol with 8 gallic acids groups, is abundantly present in various medicinal plants. Previously TA has been investigated for its antimicrobial and antifungal properties. Being a large polyphenol, TA chelates more than 1 metal. Hence TA has been explored for potent antioxidant activities against reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and as iron chelator in vitro thereby mitigating iron-overload induced hepatotoxicity in vivo. Iron dextran was injected intraperitoneally in Swiss albino mice to induce iron-overload triggered hepatotoxicity, followed by oral administration of TA for remediation...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446131/editorial-the-portal-hypertension-puzzle-spleen-stiffness-evades-validation-as-non-invasive-marker-of-clinically-significant-portal-hypertension
#20
EDITORIAL
M Thiele, A Krag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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