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Cardiorenal sy

Faeq Husain-Syed, María-Jimena Muciño-Bermejo, Claudio Ronco, Werner Seeger, Horst-Walter Birk
Pulmonary hypertension is a common finding in patients with advanced liver disease. Similarly, among patients with advanced pulmonary arterial hypertension, right heart failure leads to congestive hepatopathy. Diuretic resistant fluid overload in both advanced pulmonary hypertension and chronic liver disease is a demanding challenge for physicians. Venous congestion and ascites-induced increased intra-abdominal pressure are essential regarding recurrent hospitalization, morbidity and mortality. Due to impaired right-ventricular function, many patients cannot tolerate extracorporeal ultrafiltration...
November 2015: Annals of Hepatology
Jaya P Buddineni, Laxmi Chauhan, Syed T Ahsan, Adam Whaley-Connell
Orthostatic hypertension (OHT) is a clinically important problem increasingly recognized in persons with borderline hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and autonomic neuropathies, and in the elderly. Moreover, the association of OHT with progression of target end-organ damage, especially coronary heart disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the attendant increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CKD risk, is gaining attention but is still underappreciated. There are various mechanisms that contribute to the development of OHT: excessive vascular adrenergic sensitivity, baroreceptor reflex abnormalities, and inappropriate activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which are also mechanisms that lead to cardiorenal metabolic disease (CRS)...
2011: Cardiorenal Medicine
Haroon A Faraz, Syed F Zafar, Jalal K Ghali
The recognition of the high prevalence and the independent prognostic role of anemia in heart failure (HF) has contributed to intensification of the search for an effective treatment. A central role of erythropoietin in cardiorenal anemia syndrome has been proposed. Several clinical trials have established the safety and efficacy of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in correcting anemia in patients with HF. The recognition of the pleiotropic effect of erythropoietin has expanded targets of therapy. The ongoing outcomes trial with darbepoetin alfa will determine the role of this novel therapy in the treatment of HF...
June 2008: Current Heart Failure Reports
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