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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342737/are-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-associated-with-urinary-symptoms-in-their-mothers
#1
Ariane S Sampaio, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Bruno A Salomão, Júlia B Oliveira, Camila L Seixas, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo B Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: The association between parents who suffered daytime incontinence as children and children who are incontinence has been reported. However, the association of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children and urinary symptoms in mothers has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the children of mothers with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are more likely to have urinary symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in two cities in Brazil...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337444/female-functional-constipation-is-associated-with-overactive-bladder-symptoms-and-urinary-incontinence
#2
Takahiro Maeda, Masuomi Tomita, Atsushi Nakazawa, Gen Sakai, Shinsuke Funakoshi, Akari Komatsuda, Yujiro Ito, Hirohiko Nagata, Nobuhiro Tsukada, So Nakamura
This noninterventional cross-sectional study aims to assess the association between functional constipation (FC) and urinary symptoms in female patients with no treatment for urination and defecation. The Rome III criteria for evaluation of defecation, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) for evaluation of urinary symptoms, and clinical features were investigated in 145 female patients. Latent FC and moderate to severe overactive bladder (OAB) were defined on the basis of positivity for two or more of the Rome III criteria and an OABSS ≥ 6 with OABSS Q3 ≥ 2, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299770/does-systemic-disease-aggravate-the-severity-of-dry-mouth-by-anticholinergics-in-overactive-bladder-patients
#3
Keon-Cheol Lee, Bong-Mo Seong
PURPOSE: In overactive bladder (OAB) patients with systemic diseases, dry mouth tends to be more prominent owing to the effects of systemic diseases or related medications. We evaluated how systemic diseases affect dry mouth before and after anticholinergic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAB patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided according to the presence or absence of systemic diseases. Patients with systemic diseases were sub-grouped by the number of systemic diseases (only one or more than one disease)...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286993/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-mirabegron-compared-with-antimuscarinics-for-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-canada
#4
Zalmai Hakimi, Jameel Nazir, Charles McCrea, Malin Berling, Francis Fatoye, Barbara Ramos, Adrian Wagg
BACKGROUND: The β3-adrenoceptor agonist, mirabegron, and antimuscarinic agents provide similar efficacy for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), but mirabegron appears to be associated with better persistence, perhaps due to an absence of anticholinergic side-effects. This study estimated the expected costs associated with the management of OAB in Canada from a societal perspective by utilizing real-world evidence. METHODS: An economic model with monthly cycles and a 1-year time horizon was developed to depict a treatment pathway for a hypothetical cohort of 100 patients with OAB...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270954/the-attitudes-of-urologists-and-gynecologists-about-overactive-bladder-and-treatment-of-it-in-turkey-a-questionnaire-survey
#5
Burhan Coşkun, Ömer Bayrak, Murat Dinçer, Kadir Önem, Cenk Gürbüz, Rahmi Onur
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the approaches of urologist and gynecologist in the management of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 12 items were answered by 375 urologist and 46 gynecologist. The differences between frequency of encountering OAB, their viewpoints concerning conservative treatment, and their experience related to anticholinergic drug use and the management of refractory OAB were compared. RESULTS: The majority of the urologists, and gynecologists responded to the question "How often do you encounter OAB patients in your daily practice?" as 'in 10-25, and 50% of our patients', respectively (<0...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269268/posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-using-a-wirelessly-powered-system-in-anesthetized-cats
#6
Zainab Moazzam, Austin R Duke, Paul B Yoo
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) is an effective overactive bladder (OAB) therapy where electrical pulses are typically delivered once per week in a 12-week stimulation regime. While the mechanism of action remains unknown, effective long-term delivery of PTNS has recently become a subject of concern. To this end, a multi-contact electrode was surgically placed in the hind limb region of anesthetized cats to (1) investigate the feasibility of using a wirelessly powered system to stimulate PTN afferents and (2) characterize implant-driven effects of stimulation frequency on modulating bladder activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268972/co-activation-of-saphenous-nerve-fibers-a-potential-therapeutic-mechanism-of-percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation
#7
Christopher W Elder, Paul B Yoo
Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive and effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB). However, clinical trials show that positive therapeutic outcomes among patients are difficult to predict (failure rate = 35% to 50%). Inconsistencies in the stimulation amplitudes used clinically and those used in preclinical animal studies led us to hypothesize that OAB therapy involves a secondary bladder-inhibitory pathway. In this paper, we implemented and tested a computer model of the human lower leg that investigated the differential activation of the saphenous nerve (SAFN) and tibial nerve (TN) during percutaneous electrical stimulation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268971/electrical-stimulation-of-the-saphenous-nerve-in-anesthetized-rats-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-to-treating-overactive-bladder
#8
Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive yet effective therapy for treating overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms with electrical stimulations applied at 20 Hz coupled with amplitudes approximating the foot-twitch threshold (T). However, pre-clinical studies indicate that PTNS-evoked bladder reflexes require stimulation amplitudes exceeding 2T. The objective of this work was to evaluate the presence of secondary low-threshold sensory pathways in the hind-limb region that can be a potential target of activation during clinical PTNS set-up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268078/comparative-study-of-the-b-saq-oab-v8-and-oab-v3-questionnaires-as-screening-tools-for-overactive-bladders-in-clinical-practice
#9
J C Angulo, M P Calderín, Y Fernández, M González, E Gómez, M B Herreros, P Peñasco, M Zapatero, J F Dorado
OBJECTIVE: To compare the capacity shown by 3 self-assessment questionnaires validated in Spanish (B-SAQ, OAB-V8 and OAB-V3) for the screening of patients with overactive bladder (OAB) in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A noninterventional observational study was conducted of men and women older than 30 years evaluated in primary care consultations. The clinical diagnosis of OAB was conducted through a case history review, physical examination, urine analysis, ultrasonography and voiding diary...
March 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265325/overactive-bladder-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Sophie Ramsay, Stéphane Bolduc
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a highly prevalent disorder in the pediatric population. This condition is especially troublesome for pediatric patients and their families when associated with incontinence, since it negatively affects self-esteem and impairs children's development. From the patient's perspective, urgency and urge incontinence can have a significant impact, negatively affecting their quality of life. For a therapy to have true benefit, changes must not only be statistically significant, but must also be perceived as meaningful by the patient...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#11
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260277/comparison-of-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pharmacological-treatment-for-the-overactive-bladder-in-women-a-network-meta-analysis
#12
Sivalingam Nalliah, Pou Wg, Premjit K Masten Singh, Piravin Naidu, Vivian Lim, Arshad Asa Ahamed
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a common medical condition that causes significant distress and impact on the quality of life in women. Muscarinic receptor antagonists remain the mainstay of therapy, but they are limited by their efficacy and adverse effects. The objective of the article was to compare the clinical efficacy and tolerability of medications used to treat OAB in women through network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data from eligible studies of commonly prescribed pharmacological agents in the treatment of OAB in women were entered into Net-MetaXL after a literature search using two online databases (PubMed and Cochrane)...
March 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248019/-using-autonomous-electrostimulation-device-erektron-in-treating-female-overactive-bladder
#13
G Yu Yarin, O V Shelyakina, V N Fedorenko, A V Alekseeva, I A Vilgelmi
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) is one of the most common syndromes of lower urinary tract dysfunction. Besides standard therapy using anticholinergic medications, comprehensive management of overactive bladder includes physiotherapy. AIM: To test the clinical effectiveness and safety of autonomous electrostimulation device "Erektron" in treating OAB in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at the Urology and Gynecology Clinic of the Innovative Medical Technology Center between 25...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247723/-high-doses-of-trospium-chloride-in-patients-with-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-data-of-large-scale-multicenter-observational-program-resource
#14
G G Krivoborodov, E I Tur, N S Efremov, M E Shkolnikov
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of different doses of trospium chloride in patients with idiopathic overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Large-scale observational program "Resource" included 669 patients with idiopathic OAB - 359 women and 310 men. At the first visit, all patients were assigned to use of trospium chloride at a standard dose of 45 mg per day. The results of treatment were evaluated during follow-up visits at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247649/-validation-of-urgency-scale-to-detect-and-assess-urgency-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#15
G G Krivoborodov, E I Tur
INTRODUCTION: Urinary urgency is a hallmark symptom of overactive bladder (OAB). Several scales have been used to measure urgency. Taking into account the exceptional importance of these scales, it is important to determine their reliability, which depends directly on the accuracy of the wording and clarity to patients. AIM: To determine reliability of Russian-language translation of the Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale (PPIUS) in identifying and assessing urgency in patients with OAB...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247647/-epidemiology-of-urinary-disorders-in-men-in-the-russian-federation
#16
I A Korneev, T A Alekseeva, M I Kogan, D Yu Pushkar'
AIM: To compare the results of population studies conducted in the Russian Federation to identify the prevalence, severity and risk factors for urinary disorders in men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a survey of 1083 men were analyzed for the age, weight, height, comorbidities with their signs and symptoms, history of surgery on pelvic organs, copulative disorders, and IPSS and quality of life scores. The findings were compared with the results of a survey of 482 Russian men under the protocol of the International Society of Continence (ICS) aimed to identify patients with overactive bladder (OAB), in whom pollakiuria, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence, stress-incontinence, poor flow and terminal dribbling were registered...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227502/posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-using-a-wirelessly-powered-system-in-anesthetized-cats
#17
Zainab Moazzam, Austin R Duke, Paul B Yoo, Zainab Moazzam, Austin R Duke, Paul B Yoo, Paul B Yoo, Zainab Moazzam, Austin R Duke
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) is an effective overactive bladder (OAB) therapy where electrical pulses are typically delivered once per week in a 12-week stimulation regime. While the mechanism of action remains unknown, effective long-term delivery of PTNS has recently become a subject of concern. To this end, a multi-contact electrode was surgically placed in the hind limb region of anesthetized cats to (1) investigate the feasibility of using a wirelessly powered system to stimulate PTN afferents and (2) characterize implant-driven effects of stimulation frequency on modulating bladder activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227181/co-activation-of-saphenous-nerve-fibers-a-potential-therapeutic-mechanism-of-percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation
#18
Christopher W Elder, Paul B Yoo, Christopher W Elder, Paul B Yoo, Paul B Yoo, Christopher W Elder
Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive and effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB). However, clinical trials show that positive therapeutic outcomes among patients are difficult to predict (failure rate = 35% to 50%). Inconsistencies in the stimulation amplitudes used clinically and those used in preclinical animal studies led us to hypothesize that OAB therapy involves a secondary bladder-inhibitory pathway. In this paper, we implemented and tested a computer model of the human lower leg that investigated the differential activation of the saphenous nerve (SAFN) and tibial nerve (TN) during percutaneous electrical stimulation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227180/electrical-stimulation-of-the-saphenous-nerve-in-anesthetized-rats-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-to-treating-overactive-bladder
#19
Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo, Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo, Paul B Yoo, Zainab Moazzam
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive yet effective therapy for treating overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms with electrical stimulations applied at 20 Hz coupled with amplitudes approximating the foot-twitch threshold (T). However, pre-clinical studies indicate that PTNS-evoked bladder reflexes require stimulation amplitudes exceeding 2T. The objective of this work was to evaluate the presence of secondary low-threshold sensory pathways in the hind-limb region that can be a potential target of activation during clinical PTNS set-up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220609/the-long-term-predictive-value-of-preoperative-pressure-flow-studies-in-the-resolution-of-overactive-bladder-after-insertion-of-a-retropubic-midurethral-sling
#20
Jonathan Duckett, Aswini Balachandran
AIMS: To identify if the short term association of pressure flow rates with resolution of overactive bladder (OAB) is maintained in the long term in patients with mixed urodynamic incontinence treated with a retropubic midurethral sling. To assess if other demographic factors are associated with the long term resolution of OAB. METHODS: This was follow up study of a consecutive case series of 100 patients treated with a MUS at a single center followed up with questionnaires...
February 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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