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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727838/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-relationships-between-disability-and-depression-in-post-partum-women-in-one-clinic-in-ethekwini-municipality-south-africa
#1
Andrew Gibbs, Bradley Carpenter, Tamaryn Crankshaw, Jill Hannass-Hancock, Jennifer Smit, Mark Tomlinson, Lisa Butler
Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by pregnant and post-partum women has negative health effects for women, as well as the foetus, and the new-born child. In this study we sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with recent IPV amongst post-partum women in one clinic in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa, and explore the relationship between IPV, depression and functional limitations/disabilities. Past 12 month IPV-victimisation was 10.55%. Logistic regression modelled relationships between IPV, functional limitations, depressive symptoms, socio-economic measures, and sexual relationship power...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727821/advances-in-using-internet-searches-to-track-dengue
#2
Shihao Yang, Samuel C Kou, Fred Lu, John S Brownstein, Nicholas Brooke, Mauricio Santillana
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that threatens over half of the world's population. Despite being endemic to more than 100 countries, government-led efforts and tools for timely identification and tracking of new infections are still lacking in many affected areas. Multiple methodologies that leverage the use of Internet-based data sources have been proposed as a way to complement dengue surveillance efforts. Among these, dengue-related Google search trends have been shown to correlate with dengue activity...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727515/brave-new-worlds-the-expanding-universe-of-lyme-disease
#3
Brandee L Stone, Yvonne Tourand, Catherine A Brissette
Projections around the globe suggest an increase in tick-vectored disease incidence and distribution, and the potential for emergence of novel tick-borne pathogens. Lyme disease is the most common reported tick-borne illness in the Unites States and is prevalent throughout much of central Europe. In recent years, the worldwide burden of Lyme disease has increased and extended into regions and countries where the disease was not previously reported. In this review, we discuss the trends for increasing Lyme disease, and examine the factors driving Lyme disease expansion, including the effect of climate change on the spread of vector Ixodid ticks and reservoir hosts; and the impacts of increased awareness on disease reporting and diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#4
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725257/study-protocol-an-investigation-of-mother-infant-signalling-during-breastfeeding-using-a-randomised-trial-to-test-the-effectiveness-of-breastfeeding-relaxation-therapy-on-maternal-psychological-state-breast-milk-production-and-infant-behaviour-and-growth
#5
N H M Shukri, J Wells, F Mukhtar, M H S Lee, M Fewtrell
BACKGROUND: The physiological and psychological signalling between mother and infant during lactation is one of the prominent mother-infant factors that may influence breastfeeding outcomes. The infant can 'signal' his needs through vocalisation, and the mother can respond by allowing or restricting nipple access, which might alter the breast milk composition or volume. This may lead to parent-offspring conflict during the lactation period. Challenging infant behaviour has also been associated with maternal psychological distress, which might affect breastfeeding performance...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723920/temperature-modulates-dengue-virus-epidemic-growth-rates-through-its-effects-on-reproduction-numbers-and-generation-intervals
#6
Amir S Siraj, Rachel J Oidtman, John H Huber, Moritz U G Kraemer, Oliver J Brady, Michael A Johansson, T Alex Perkins
Epidemic growth rate, r, provides a more complete description of the potential for epidemics than the more commonly studied basic reproduction number, R0, yet the former has never been described as a function of temperature for dengue virus or other pathogens with temperature-sensitive transmission. The need to understand the drivers of epidemics of these pathogens is acute, with arthropod-borne virus epidemics becoming increasingly problematic. We addressed this need by developing temperature-dependent descriptions of the two components of r-R0 and the generation interval-to obtain a temperature-dependent description of r...
July 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721465/growth-of-children-born-to-renal-transplanted-women
#7
M Isabel S Dinelli, Erika Ono, Patrícia O Viana, Amélia M N Dos Santos, M Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
Neonates born to transplanted mothers are exposed to immunosuppressive drugs during gestation and have a higher risk of being born prematurely and small for gestational age than the general population. We have prospectively followed up 27 children born to renal transplanted mothers from a single center and 31 healthy children born at term with adequate weight for gestational age. Comparisons of weight and length measurements were made at birth, 1 month (±0.9), 3 months (±1.0), 6 months (±1.0), 9 months (±1...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720492/prevention-of-congenital-chagas-disease-by-benznidazole-pre-treatment-in-reproductive-age-women-an-observational-study
#8
María G Álvarez, Carlos Vigliano, Bruno Lococo, Graciela Bertocchi, Rodolfo Viotti
Since the decline in new cases of infection by insect/vector, congenital Chagas disease has become more relevant in the transmission of Chagas disease. Treatment with benznidazole significantly reduces the parasitemia, which constitutes an important factor linked to vertical transmission. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether treatment with benznidazole previously administered to women of childbearing age can prevent or reduce the incidence of new cases of congenital Chagas disease. An historical cohort study that included all women in reproductive age (15-45 years) assisted in our center was designed...
July 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719631/the-distribution-and-host-range-of-the-banana-fusarium-wilt-fungus-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-in-asia
#9
Diane Mostert, Agustin B Molina, Jeff Daniells, Gerda Fourie, Catur Hermanto, Chih-Ping Chao, Emily Fabregar, Vida G Sinohin, Nik Masdek, Raman Thangavelu, Chunyu Li, Ganyun Yi, Lizel Mostert, Altus Viljoen
Fusarium oxysporum formae specialis cubense (Foc) is a soil-borne fungus that causes Fusarium wilt, which is considered to be the most destructive disease of bananas. The fungus is believed to have evolved with its host in the Indo-Malayan region, and from there it was spread to other banana-growing areas with infected planting material. The diversity and distribution of Foc in Asia was investigated. A total of 594 F. oxysporum isolates collected in ten Asian countries were identified by vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718264/malignant-infantile-osteopetrosis
#10
Saima Gillani, Zaheer Abbas
Two main forms of osteopetrosis are recognized, a severe autosomal recessive form (MIM 259700) with an incidence of approximately 1 in 250,000 births and a mild autosomal dominant form (MIM166600) with an incidence of 1 in 20,000 births. Intrinsic disturbances of osteoclastic function due to mutations in genes encoding osteoclast-specific subunits of the vacuolar proton pump (TCIRG1, CLCN7) are found in most patients with recessive form. Mutations of CLCN7 are observed in dominant form of osteopetrosis .The recessive form of ostreopetrosis, i...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714137/austerity-new-public-management-and-missed-nursing-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#11
Eileen Willis, Jenny Carryer, Clare Harvey, Maria Pearson, Julie Henderson
AIMS: To outline the way in which the culture of austerity arising from the Global Financial Crisis has been used by Australian and New Zealand governments to maintain and extend health care budget cuts, through new public management strategies leading to missed nursing care. BACKGROUND: Ten years on the cost of the Global Financial Crisis continues to be borne by tax payers and those employed by the welfare state, yet analysis shows clearly that it was caused by a failure to adequately regulate markets, particularly the banks and multinational corporations...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713857/a-new-clade-of-insect-specific-flaviviruses-from-australian-anopheles-mosquitoes-displays-species-specific-host-restriction
#12
Agathe M G Colmant, Jody Hobson-Peters, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann, Andrew F van den Hurk, Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Weng Kong Chow, Cheryl A Johansen, Jelke Fros, Peter Simmonds, Daniel Watterson, Chris Cazier, Kayvan Etebari, Sassan Asgari, Benjamin L Schulz, Nigel Beebe, Laura J Vet, Thisun B H Piyasena, Hong-Duyen Nguyen, Ross T Barnard, Roy A Hall
Flaviviruses are arthropod-borne viruses found worldwide and are responsible for significant human and veterinary diseases, including dengue, Zika, and West Nile fever. Some flaviviruses are insect specific and replicate only in mosquitoes. We report a genetically divergent group of insect-specific flaviviruses from Anopheles mosquitoes that do not replicate in arthropod cell lines or heterologous Anopheles species, exhibiting unprecedented specialization for their host species. Determination of the complete sequences of the RNA genomes of three of these viruses, Karumba virus (KRBV), Haslams Creek virus, and Mac Peak virus (McPV), that are found in high prevalence in some Anopheles mosquito populations and detection of virus-specific proteins, replicative double-stranded RNA, and small interfering RNA responses in the host mosquito species provided strong evidence of a functional replicating virus in the mosquito midgut...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713854/forced-migration-in-childhood-are-there-long-term-health-effects
#13
Jan M Saarela, Irma T Elo
Studies on the health of migrants have increased considerably in number in recent years, but little is still known about the long-term health effects associated with forced migration, and particularly for people who were forced to migrate as children. Data shortcomings together with the methodological challenges of studying migrant populations limit the ability to disentangle the roles of various factors that influence migrant health outcomes. Finland provides an unusual opportunity to study long-term health consequences associated with forced migration...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713778/tick-virus-interactions-toll-sensing
#14
Nicholas Johnson
Ticks are important vectors of viruses that infect and cause disease in man, livestock, and companion animals. The major focus of investigation of tick-borne viruses has been the interaction with the mammalian host, particularly the mechanisms underlying disease and the development of vaccines to prevent infection. Only recently has research begun to investigate the interaction of the virus with the tick host. This is striking when considering that the virus spends far more time infecting the tick vector relative to the vertebrate host...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713498/identical-twins-with-pierre-robin-syndrome-unusual-encounter
#15
Nabil Shdaifat, Zaid Al-Zoubi, Hazem Khraisat, Rana Al-Omor, Khaled Matar
New born babies could suffer from multiple craniofacial abnormalities, such as Pierre Robin syndrome, which consists of micrognathia and relative macroglossia with or without cleft palate. Although Pierre Robin syndrome is well described in literature, only a few have mentioned its occurrence in identical twins. This paper presents a rare incident of full-term twin babies born with the sequence of Pierre Robin syndrome, which consists of micrognathia, cleft palate, and glossoptosis. Although it is a rare coincidence, Pierre Robin syndrome still can occur in identical twin babies...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711963/transfer-of-neonates-with-critical-congenital-heart-disease-within-a-regionalized-network
#16
Michael F Swartz, Jill M Cholette, Jennifer M Orie, Marshall L Jacobs, Jeffrey P Jacobs, George M Alfieris
Regionalization of pediatric cardiac surgical care varies between and within states. In most geographic regions, at least some neonates with critical heart disease are transferred from their birth hospital to a different hospital for surgery. The impact of neonatal transfer for surgery, particularly over a considerable distance (>10 miles), has been largely unexplored. We sought to examine the impact of transferring neonates for cardiac surgery. We queried the New York State Cardiac Surgery database (2005-2014) from a single institution to identify neonates born within the cardiac surgery center and those transferred for surgery...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710897/early-life-uv-and-risk-of-basal-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Anne Kricker, Marianne Weber, Freddy Sitas, Emily Banks, Bayzidur Rahman, Chris Goumas, Ahsanul Kabir, Verity S Hodgkinson, Cathelijne H van Kemenade, Tim Waterboer, Bruce K Armstrong
Sun exposure is the main cause of squamous (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) although pattern and amount differ by cancer type, and sun sensitivity is the major host risk factor. Our study investigated risk factors and residential ambient UV in a population-based sample of Australian 45 and Up Study participants: 916 BCC cases, 433 SCC cases, 1224 controls. Unconditional logistic regression models adjusting for key covariates demonstrated 60% increased BCC risk and 2-fold increased SCC risk with sun sensitivity, and 3- and 4-fold increased risk respectively with solar keratoses...
July 15, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710545/comparative-muscle-proteomics-phosphoproteomics-analysis-provides-new-insight-for-the-biosafety-evaluation-of-fat-1-transgenic-cattle
#18
Xiangbo Xin, Xinfeng Liu, Xin Li, Xiangbin Ding, Shuping Yang, Congfei Jin, Guangpeng Li, Hong Guo
The biosafety of fat-1 transgenic cattle has been a focus of our studies since the first fat-1 transgenic cow was born. In this study, we used tandem mass tag labeling, TiO2 enrichment, and nanoscale liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (nanol LC-MS/MS) to compare proteomic and phosphoproteomic profiling analyses of muscle between fat-1 transgenic cows and wild-type cows. A total of 1555 proteins and 900 phosphorylation sites in 159 phosphoproteins were identified in the profiling assessments, but only four differentially expressed proteins and nine differentially expressed phosphopeptides were detected in fat-1 transgenic cows relative to wild-type cows...
July 14, 2017: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709949/pulmonary-hypoplasia
#19
REVIEW
C Michael Cotten
To survive the transition to extrauterine life, newborn infants must have lungs that provide an adequate surface area and volume to allow for gas exchange. The dynamic activities of fetal breathing movements and accumulation of lung luminal fluid are key to fetal lung development throughout the various phases of lung development and growth, first by branching morphogenesis, and later by septation. Because effective gas exchange is essential to survival, pulmonary hypoplasia is among the leading findings on autopsies of children dying in the newborn period...
July 11, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709915/sex-differences-in-somatic-and-sensory-motor-development-after-neonatal-anoxia-in-wistar-rats
#20
Amrita Jha Kumar, Silvia Honda Takada, Lívia Clemente Motta-Teixeira, Vitor Yonamine Lee, Gilberto Fernando Xavier, Maria Inês Nogueira
Currently, one of the important causes of brain injury in new-borns is the neonatal anoxia which impacts the perinatology services worldwide. Animal models of anoxia have been used to assess its effects at cellular and behavioural levels in all ages, but few studies focus on sex differences. This study aimed to investigate some physical parameters of development, sensorimotor alterations, early neurological reflexes as well as the density of cells in motor and sensorimotor cerebral cortex of adolescent rats submitted to neonatal anoxia...
July 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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