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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931338/health-care-provider-perspectives-on-tuberculosis-care-for-foreign-born-populations-in-new-york-city
#1
J R Zelnick, M R O'Donnell, S D Ahuja, A Chua, J Sullivan Meissner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born patients is a key determinant of TB epidemiology in low-burden settings. In New York City (NYC), foreign-born TB populations are heterogeneous and face diverse challenges in accessing care. OBJECTIVE: To characterize barriers and facilitators to health care services and identify potential mechanisms to improve TB care for foreign-born patients in NYC. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews with health care providers identified through the NYC TB registry and snowball sampling...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929532/post-term-surveillance-and-birth-outcomes-in-south-asian-born-compared-with-australian-born-women
#2
C Yim, L Wong, C Cabalag, E M Wallace, M Davies-Tuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine if apparently healthy post-term South Asian-born (SA) women were more likely to have abnormal post-term fetal surveillance than Australian- and New Zealand-born (AUS/NZ) women, whether those abnormalities were associated with increased rates of obstetric intervention and adverse perinatal outcomes, and whether SA women and their babies were at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the post-term period irrespective of their post-term surveillance outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Post-term surveillance and perinatal outcomes of 145 SA and 272 AUS/NZ nulliparous women with a singleton post-term pregnancy were compared in a retrospective multicentre cohort analysis...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927276/seasonal-variations-in-birth-weight-in-suzhou-industrial-park
#3
Lei Wu, Yi Ding, Xing Li Rui, Cai Ping Mao
Many environmental factors have been shown to adversely influence birth weight, and new insight has been gained into 'seasonal programming'. We studied a total of 23,064 infants. The mean birth weight varied across seasons. Logistic regression analysis was used to obtain the crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for dichotomous outcomes (e.g., macrosomia, low birth weight). There were significant differences in the risks for macrosomia in infants born in different seasons. Compared with those for infants born in spring, the ORs for macrosomia were 0...
October 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923478/increased-incidence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-the-netherlands-after-implementation-of-the-new-dutch-guideline-for-active-treatment-in-extremely-preterm-infants-results-from-three-academic-referral-centers
#4
Fardou H Heida, Lisanne Stolwijk, Marie-Louise H J Loos, Stannie J van den Ende, Wes Onland, Frank A M van den Dungen, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Arend F Bos, Jan B F Hulscher, Roel Bakx
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe inflammatory disease, mostly occurring in preterm infants. The Dutch guidelines for active treatment of extremely preterm infants changed in 2006 from 26+0 to 25+0weeks of gestation, and in 2010 to 24+0 of gestation. We aimed to gain insight into the incidence, clinical outcomes and treatment strategies, in three academic referral centers in the Netherlands over the last nine years. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of all patients with NEC (Bell stage ≥2a) in three academic referral centers diagnosed between 2005 and 2013...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920037/early-warning-tools-may-assist-in-the-identification-of-clinical-deterioration-in-the-new-born-nursery
#5
Christopher Parshuram, Karen Dryden-Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918754/interventions-to-improve-rates-of-successful-extubation-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Kristin N Ferguson, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Peter G Davis
Importance: Clinicians aim to extubate preterm infants as early as possible, to minimize the risks of mechanical ventilation. Extubation is often unsuccessful owing to lung disease or inadequate respiratory drive. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to improve rates of successful extubation in preterm infants. Data Sources: Searches were undertaken in PubMed and The Cochrane Library. Study Selection: The review was conducted using the methods of the Cochrane Collaboration and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917016/the-portapotty-experiment-neoliberal-approaches-to-the-intertwined-epidemics-of-opioid-related-overdose-and-hiv-hcv-and-why-we-need-cultural-anthropologists-in-the-south-bronx
#7
Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Ric Curtis, Faustino Fuentes, Ed Manchess, Alexis Del Rio-Cumba, Alex S Bennett
The following report from the field focuses on the authors' collective efforts to operate an ad hoc safer injection facility (SIF) out of portapotties (portable toilets) in an area of the South Bronx that has consistently experienced some of the highest overdose morbidity and mortality rates in New York City over the past decade (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2011, 2015, 2016). Safer injection facilities (also known as supervised injection facilities, drug consumption rooms, etc.) operating outside the US provide a legal, hygienic, and supervised environment for individuals to use drugs in order to minimize the likelihood of fatal overdose and the spread of blood-borne infections while reducing public injection...
December 2016: Dialectical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911694/seroprevalence-of-babesia-microti-in-individuals-with-lyme-disease
#8
Sabino R Curcio, Laurel P Tria, Azad L Gucwa
INTRODUCTION: Babesiosis is an emerging tick-borne disease (TBD) caused by Babesia microti, an intracellular parasite of red blood cells. Currently, it is the highest ranked pathogen transmitted by blood transfusion. Most healthy individuals infected with B. microti are asymptomatic, but may be at risk for chronic infection. Similar to Lyme disease transmitted by Borrelia burgdorferi, B. microti is spread by Ixodes scapularis ticks. The rate of coinfection with these TBDs in humans is unclear as most studies have focused their prevalence in ticks or rodent reservoirs...
December 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911410/experimental-infection-with-listeria-monocytogenes-as-a-model-for-studying-host-interferon-%C3%AE-responses
#9
Jeeyoon Jennifer Ahn, Thirumahal Selvanantham, Monan Angela Zhang, Thierry Mallevaey, Shannon E Dunn
L. monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacterium that is a cause of food borne disease in humans. Experimental infection of mice with this pathogen has been highly informative on the role of innate and adaptive immune cells and specific cytokines in host immunity against intracellular pathogens. Production of IFN-γ by innate cells during sublethal infection with L. monocytogenes is important for activating macrophages and early control of the pathogen(1-3). In addition, IFN-γ production by adaptive memory lymphocytes is important for priming the activation of innate cells upon reinfection(4)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907897/cost-effectiveness-of-embryo-transfer-strategies-a-decision-analytic-model-using-long-term-costs-and-consequences-of-singletons-and-multiples-born-as-a-consequence-of-ivf
#10
M M J van Heesch, A D I van Asselt, J L H Evers, M A H B M van der Hoeven, J C M Dumoulin, C E M van Beijsterveldt, G J Bonsel, R H M Dykgraaf, J B van Goudoever, C Koopman-Esseboom, W L D M Nelen, K Steiner, P Tamminga, N Tonch, H L Torrance, C D Dirksen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the cost-effectiveness of elective single embryo transfer (eSET) versus double embryo transfer (DET) strategies from a societal perspective, when applying a time horizon of 1, 5 and 18 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: From a short-term perspective (1 year) it is cost-effective to replace DET with single embryo transfer; however when intermediate- (5 years) and long-term (18 years) costs and consequences are incorporated, DET becomes the most cost-effective strategy, given a ceiling ratio of €20 000 per quality-adjusted life years (QALY) gained...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906962/population-density-climate-variables-and-poverty-synergistically-structure-spatial-risk-in-urban-malaria-in-india
#11
Mauricio Santos-Vega, Menno J Bouma, Vijay Kohli, Mercedes Pascual
BACKGROUND: The world is rapidly becoming urban with the global population living in cities projected to double by 2050. This increase in urbanization poses new challenges for the spread and control of communicable diseases such as malaria. In particular, urban environments create highly heterogeneous socio-economic and environmental conditions that can affect the transmission of vector-borne diseases dependent on human water storage and waste water management. Interestingly India, as opposed to Africa, harbors a mosquito vector, Anopheles stephensi, which thrives in the man-made environments of cities and acts as the vector for both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, making the malaria problem a truly urban phenomenon...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905285/the-current-status-of-ticks-in-turkey-a-100-year-period-review-from-1916-to-2016
#12
Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Önder Düzlü
Environmental and bio-ecological changes, some administrative and political mistakes, and global warming seriously affect the behaviors of ticks in Turkey and globally. The global public sensitivity toward tick infestations has increased along with increases in tick-borne diseases (TBDs). Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new political concept, "One Health," for specific struggle strategies against tick infestations and TBDs. To highlight the importance of the issue, the WHO had declared the year 2015 for vector-borne diseases and adopted the slogan "small bites big threat"...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903416/post-licensure-phase-iv-safety-study-of-a-live-attenuated-japanese-encephalitis-recombinant-vaccine-in-children-in-thailand
#13
Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Pornpimol Pruekprasert, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Auchara Tangsathapornpong, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Pope Kosalaraksa, Olarn Prommalikit, Suwimon Tangkittithaworn, Phirangkul Kerdpanich, Chonnamet Techasaensiri, Joanna Korejwo, Sunate Chuenkitmongkol, Guy Houillon
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. A recombinant live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine, JE-CV, is licensed in 14 countries, including Thailand, for the prevention of Japanese encephalitis in adults and children. METHODS: This was a prospective, phase IV, open-label, multicentre, safety study of JE-CV conducted from November 2013 to April 2015, to evaluate rare serious adverse events (AEs)...
November 28, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903286/carrion-s-disease-an-eradicable-illness
#14
Cláudia Gomes, Maria J Pons, Juana Del Valle Mendoza, Joaquim Ruiz
Carrion's disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bartonella bacilliformis, a vector-borne pathogen restricted to the Andean valleys of Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Carrion's disease is a biphasic illness; in the acute phase the case-fatality rate can be as high as 88 %, related to high parasitemia, arriving to almost all erythrocytes, and secondary bacterial infections close related with the development of transient immunosuppression in the earlier illness phases. In addition, there are an undefined number of asymptomatic carriers that are reservoirs of the etiological agent of Carrion's disease in endemic areas, they make take into account due to they are the perpetuators of this disease...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900477/the-influence-of-seasonality-and-manufacturer-kit-lot-changes-on-17%C3%AE-hydroxyprogesterone-measurements-and-referral-rates-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-newborns
#15
Melissa Pearce, Erin Dauerer, A Gregory DiRienzo, Michele Caggana, Norma P Tavakoli
: Newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is performed by measuring the concentration of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) in dried blood spots. Unfortunately, the level of 17-OHP varies due to multiple factors, and therefore, the false positive rate for the test is a challenge. We analyzed screening data from 2007 to 2015 to determine the effect of seasonal changes and manufacturer kit lot changes on 17-OHP values and on numbers of infants referred. Data from screening 2...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900280/giant-lingual-teratoma-with-cleft-palate-in-male-new-born
#16
J D Rawat, Piyush Kumar, Sudhir Singh, Hemlata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899415/role-of-chemokine-receptors-and-intestinal-epithelial-cells-in-the-mucosal-inflammation-and-tolerance
#17
REVIEW
Neeraja Kulkarni, Manisha Pathak, Girdhari Lal
The intestinal epithelial lining is a very dynamic interface, where multiple interactions occur with the external world. The intestinal epithelial barrier is continuously exposed to a huge load of commensal microorganisms, food-borne antigens, as well as invading enteropathogens. Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and underlying immune cells are the main players in maintaining the delicate balance between gut tolerance and inflammation. IECs deferentially express the variety of chemokines and chemokine receptors, and these receptor-ligand interactions not only mediate the infiltration and activation of immune cells but also switch on the survival cascades in IECs...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899155/comparative-sequence-analysis-of-cyclospora-cayetanensis-apicoplast-genomes-originating-from-diverse-geographical-regions
#18
Hediye Nese Cinar, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Yuping Wei-Pridgeon, Wen Li, Fernanda S Nascimento, Michael J Arrowood, Helen R Murphy, AhYoung Jang, Eunje Kim, RaeYoung Kim, Alexandre da Silva, Gopal R Gopinath
BACKGROUND: Cyclospora cayetanensis is an emerging coccidian parasite that causes endemic and epidemic diarrheal disease called cyclosporiasis, and this infection is associated with consumption of contaminated produce or water in developed and developing regions. Food-borne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have occurred almost every year in the USA since the 1990s. Investigations of these outbreaks are currently hampered due to lack of molecular epidemiological tools for trace back analysis...
November 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898869/effects-of-dietary-calcium-and-phosphorus-on-reproductive-performance-and-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-stall-or-group-housed-sows
#19
F P Y Tan, S A Kontulainen, A D Beaulieu
Increasing productivity and new housing standards necessitate a reevaluation of nutrient requirements for sows, including minerals. The objective of this study was to determine if the recommended levels of dietary Ca and P are adequate for sows housed in groups and that, therefore, have the potential for increased mobility. A total of 180 multiparous sows and gilts were assigned to 1 of 6 treatments. Treatments, arranged as a 3 × 2 factorial, included the main effects of dietary Ca:P-0.70:0.55% Ca:P (as-fed basis; control), 0...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898265/prospects-for-biological-soil-borne-disease-control-application-of-indigenous-versus-synthetic-microbiomes
#20
Mark Mazzola, Shiri Freilich
Biological disease control of soil-borne plant diseases has traditionally employed the biopesticide approach whereby single strains or strain mixtures are introduced into production systems through inundative/inoculative release. The approach has significant barriers that have long been recognized, including a generally limited spectrum of target pathogens for any given biocontrol agent andinadequate colonization of the host rhizosphere, which can plague progress in the utilization of this resource in commercial field-based crop production systems...
November 29, 2016: Phytopathology
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