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Leydig cell toxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267506/inhibition-of-acrolein-induced-autophagy-and-apoptosis-by-a-glycosaminoglycan-from-sepia-esculenta-ink-in-mouse-leydig-cells
#1
Yi-Peng Gu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Ping Luo, Yan-Qun Li, Ye-Xing Tao, Zhen-Hua Duan, Wei Xiao, Da-Yan Zhang, Hua-Zhong Liu
In our recent reports, a squid ink polysaccharide (SIP) was found having preventive activity against cyclophosphamide induced damage in mouse testis and ovary. Here we further reveal the regulative mechanism of SIP against chemical toxicity on testis. Leydig cells exposed to acrolein (ACR) underwent apoptosis at 12h and 24h. Before apoptosis, cells occurred autophagy that was confirmed by high autophagic rate and Beclin-1 protein content at 3h. PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK signal pathways involved in the regulatory mechanisms...
May 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250650/chronic-intake-of-green-propolis-negatively-affecting-the-rat-testis
#2
Grasiela Dias de Campos Severi-Aguiar, Suellen Josine Pinto, Cristina Capucho, Camila Andrea Oliveira, Maria Aparecida Diamante, Renata Barbieri, Fabrícia Souza Predes, Heidi Dolder
BACKGROUND: Human and animal evidence suggests that environmental toxicants may have an adverse impact on male reproductive health, reducing the population's reproductive output. Owing to the renewed attraction for natural products, some of them constitute effective alternatives to mitigate these effects. Propolis is a candidate for this use because of its intrinsic properties. In many situations, it improved the testicular damage and alleviated the toxic effects induced by environmental contaminant exposure...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017703/prepubertal-subchronic-exposure-to-soy-milk-and-glyphosate-leads-to-endocrine-disruption
#3
Jessica Nardi, Patricia Bonamigo Moras, Carina Koeppe, Eliane Dallegrave, Mirna Bainy Leal, Luciana Grazziotin Rossato-Grando
Lactose intolerance is characterized by low or inexistent levels of lactase, and the main treatment consists of dietary changes, especially replacing dairy milk by soy milk. Soy contains phytoestrogens, substances with known estrogenic activity, besides, glyphosate-based herbicides are extensively used in soy crops, being frequently a residue in soy beans, bringing to a concern regarding the consumption of soy-based products, especially for children in breastfeeding period with lactose intolerance. This study evaluated the pubertal toxicity of a soy milk rich feeding (supplemented or not with glyphosate, doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg) during prepubertal period in male rats...
February 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011299/apoptosis-inducing-factor-gene-depletion-inhibits-zearalenone-induced-cell-death-in-a-goat-leydig-cell-line
#4
Diqi Yang, Tingting Jiang, Pengfei Lin, Huatao Chen, Lei Wang, Nan Wang, Fan Zhao, Keqiong Tang, Dong Zhou, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a contaminant of human food and animal feedstuffs that causes health hazards. However, the signal pathways underlying ZEA toxicity remain elusive. The aims of this study were to determine which pathways are involved in ZEA-induced cell death and investigate the effect of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) on cell death during ZEA treatment in the immortalized goat Leydig cell line hTERT-GLC. This study showed that ZEA-induced cell death in hTERT-GLCs works via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, the caspase-dependent pathway, the caspase-independent pathway and autophagy...
December 20, 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007637/reproductive-toxicity-of-linuron-following-gestational-exposure-in-rats-and-underlying-mechanisms
#5
Hongwei Ding, Wei Zheng, Hua Han, Xiyin Hu, Binli Hu, Feng Wang, Liyu Su, Hong Li, Yan Li
Linuron is a widely used herbicide in agriculture; its endocrine disruptive toxicity has recently received public attention. This study was designed to examine the developmental toxicity of linuron on the reproductive system of male offspring following maternal exposure. Mother rats received oral gavages of linuron, once daily, at the dose of 0, 50, 100, 150 or 200mg/kg, from gestational day (GD)13 to GD18; gonadal organs from GD20 fetuses were examined. Data indicated that exposed male offspring had a significantly shortened anogenital distance...
January 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000947/a-potential-mechanism-associated-with-lead-induced-testicular-toxicity-in-rats
#6
M A El-Magd, K A Kahilo, N E Nasr, T Kamal, M Shukry, A A Saleh
This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism of lead (Pb)-induced testicular toxicity. We examined the impact of Pb toxicity on 17β-oestradiol (E2), oestrogen receptors (ERs) and aromatase P450 which are key factors in spermatogenesis. Treatment of rats with Pb acetate (PbAc, 50 mg/L in drinking water) significantly reduced sperm count, motility, viability and increased sperm abnormalities along with degenerative changes in seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells. Additionally, administration of PbAc resulted in a significant reduction in serum testosterone, serum and testicular E2 as well as increased level of testicular testosterone...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984162/glycidamide-inhibits-progesterone-production-through-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-apoptosis-in-r2c-rat-leydig-cells
#7
Mingwei Li, Jianxia Sun, Feiyan Zou, Shun Bai, Xinwei Jiang, Rui Jiao, Shiyi Ou, Hui Zhang, Zhijian Su, Yadong Huang, Weibin Bai
The food contaminant acrylamide (AA) is usually recognized as a probable human carcinogen. In addition, AA has also been found able to induce male infertility in animals. Interestingly, resent research work revealed that the toxic effect of AA on the ability of male reproduction in vivo may due to glycidamide (GA) which is the metabolite of AA. In this study, R2C Leydig cells was used to investigate the toxic effects of GA on progesterone production. GA caused dose-dependent inhibition on the cell growth, with IC25, IC50, and IC75 values found at 0...
October 27, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884059/dna-methylation-analysis-in-rat-kidney-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-3-mcpd-and-glycidol
#8
Mine Senyildiz, Buket Alpertunga, Sibel Ozden
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a well-known food processing contaminant that has been regarded as a rat carcinogen, which is known to induce Leydig-cell and mammary gland tumors in males, as well as kidney tumors in both genders. 3-MCPD is highly suspected to be a non-genotoxic carcinogen. 2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol (glycidol) can be formed via dehalogenation from 3-MCPD. We aimed to investigate the cytotoxic effects of 3-MCPD and glycidol, then to demonstrate the possible epigenetic mechanisms with global and gene-specific DNA methylation in rat kidney epithelial cells (NRK-52E)...
November 24, 2016: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867356/cyanidin-3-o-glucoside-protects-against-1-3-dichloro-2-propanol-induced-reduction-of-progesterone-by-up-regulation-of-steroidogenic-enzymes-and-camp-level-in-leydig-cells
#9
Jianxia Sun, Wei Xu, Cuijuan Zhu, Yunfeng Hu, Xinwei Jiang, Shiyi Ou, Zhijian Su, Yadong Huang, Rui Jiao, Weibin Bai
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) is a food processing contaminant and has been shown to perturb male reproductive function. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), an anthocyanin antioxidant, is reported to have protective effects on many organs. However, it remains unclear whether C3G protects against chemical-induced reproductive toxicity. The present study was therefore to investigate the intervention of C3G on 1,3-DCP-induced reproductive toxicity in R2C Leydig cells. Results demonstrated that C3G inhibited the 1,3-DCP-induced cytotoxicity and cell shape damage with the effective doses being ranging from 10 to 40 μmol/L...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842451/toxicity-and-oxidative-stress-induced-by-t-2-toxin-in-cultured-mouse-leydig-cells
#10
Yong Fa Zhang, Jian Ying Yang, Yong Kai Li, Wei Zhou
To explore the toxic mechanism of T-2 toxin on Leydig cells of mice, we would investigate the toxicity and oxidative stress induced by T-2 toxin in the cells. Leydig cells were isolated and cultured with control or T-2 toxin (10(-7) M, 10(-8) M, or 10(-9) M) for 24 h, then cells and supernatants were harvested to examine cell viability, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities, expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) related to oxidative stress, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and DNA damage...
February 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826822/an-updated-systematic-review-on-the-possible-effect-of-nonylphenol-on-male-fertility
#11
Zahra Noorimotlagh, Neemat Jaafarzadeh Haghighi, Mehdi Ahmadimoghadam, Fakher Rahim
Diverse industries like detergents, resins and polymers, hair dyes, intravaginal spermicides, and pesticides produce endocrine disruptor (ED)-containing wastewaters that have hazardous effects on the environment and public health. Nonylphenol (NP) is a chemical substance that consists of a phenolic group and an attached lipophilic linear nonyl chain. NP has weak estrogenic activity and affects estrogen receptor (ER), as well as induces male infertility via a negative impact on spermatogenesis and sperm quality...
February 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785022/cytotoxic-effects-of-zno-nanoparticles-on-mouse-testicular-cells
#12
Zhe Han, Qi Yan, Wei Ge, Zhi-Guo Liu, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan, Massimo De Felici, Wei Shen, Xi-Feng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Nanoscience and nanotechnology are developing rapidly, and the applications of nanoparticles (NPs) have been found in several fields. At present, NPs are widely used in traditional consumer and industrial products, however, the properties and safety of NPs are still unclear and there are concerns about their potential environmental and health effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential toxicity of ZnO NPs on testicular cells using both in vitro and in vivo systems in a mouse experimental model...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773737/microcystin-lr-causes-sexual-hormone-disturbance-in-male-rat-by-targeting-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-neurons
#13
Xueting Wang, Jie Ding, Zou Xiang, Peipei Jiang, Jing Du, Xiaodong Han
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), which generates strong reproductive toxicity, reduces serum testosterone level without directly damaging Leydig cells. The purpose of this study was to identify the target cells of MC-LR in the rat hypothalamic-pituitary axis and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. We found that the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons were the direct target of MC-LR. In vivo results showed that upon exposure to rats, cells around the third ventricle of hypothalamus underwent apoptosis...
December 1, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686236/protective-effects-of-vitamin-e-on-sodium-arsenite-induced-toxicity-testicular-measurements-and-histopathological-studies-of-testes-in-teddy-goat-bucks
#14
M Zubair, M Ahmad, M K Saleemi, S T Gul, N Ahmad, S Umar
The objective of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of arsenic on testicular measurements and histology of adult Teddy goats bucks and to examine whether these toxic effects are scavenged by vitamin E. Twelve adult Teddy goat bucks were divided randomly into three groups, A, B and C. Group A was kept as control, the B was given sodium arsenite 5 mg/kg BW per day, and group C was fed with vitamin E 200 mg/kg BW per day + arsenic 5 mg/kg BW per day. This treatment was continued for 84 days. Analysis of data revealed that the testicular measurements (scrotal circumference, width, length and weight) were significantly reduced in arsenic-treated animals, whereas there were ameliorating effects of vitamin E on these parameters...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511800/the-presence-of-macrophages-and-inflammatory-responses-in-an-in-vitro-testicular-co-culture-model-of-male-reproductive-development-enhance-relevance-to-in-vivo-conditions
#15
Sean Harris, Sara Pacheco Shubin, Susanna Wegner, Kirk Van Ness, Foad Green, Sung Woo Hong, Elaine M Faustman
Our 3-dimensional testis co-culture system (3D-TCS) represents a promising model of male reproductive toxicity which captures sensitive processes of male reproductive development and contains the main testes cell types (germ, Leydig and Sertoli cells). Macrophages are another cell type important for testicular function and help to modulate immuno-endocrine processes during testes development. Chemicals such as phthalate esters (PE's) affect macrophage function and testosterone production in the testes in vivo...
October 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511523/ameliorating-effects-of-curcumin-on-nicotine-induced-mice-testes
#16
Gülfidan Coşkun, Hülya Özgür, Şaban Doran, Sait Polat
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidative effect of curcumin on nicotine-induced mice testis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Swiss albino male mice were divided into five groups, each containing 12 mice. The first group was used as a control. To induce toxicity in the second and third group, nicotine (0.4 mg/kg/day) was injected intraperitoneally into mice for 14 and 28 days, respectively. The mice in the fourth and fifth group were injected with nicotine (0...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511353/the-effect-of-proanthocyanidin-on-formaldehyde-induced-toxicity-in-rat-testes
#17
Enis Uluçam, Elvan Bakar
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study investigated the effect of proanthocyanidin (PA) against formaldehyde (FA)-induced lipid peroxidation damage and morphological changes in rat testes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one Wistar albino rats were randomized into 3 groups: control, FA, and FA + PA groups. Plasma and tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and total sialic acid (TSA) levels were measured. Testes tissues were observed by light and electron microscopy. RESULTS: TSA (plasma and tissue) levels decreased and MDA (plasma) significantly increased (P < 0...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423704/in-vitro-functional-screening-as-a-means-to-identify-new-plasticizers-devoid-of-reproductive-toxicity
#18
Annie Boisvert, Steven Jones, Leeyah Issop, Hanno C Erythropel, Vassilios Papadopoulos, Martine Culty
Plasticizers are indispensable additives providing flexibility and malleability to plastics. Among them, several phthalates, including di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), have emerged as endocrine disruptors, leading to their restriction in consumer products and creating a need for new, safer plasticizers. The goal of this project was to use in vitro functional screening tools to select novel non-toxic plasticizers suitable for further in vivo evaluation. A panel of novel compounds with satisfactory plasticizer properties and biodegradability were tested, along with several commercial plasticizers, such as diisononyl-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH®)...
October 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278595/the-legacy-of-the-f344-rat-as-a-cancer-bioassay-model-a-retrospective-summary-of-three-common-f344-rat-neoplasms
#19
Robert R Maronpot, Abraham Nyska, Jennifer E Foreman, Yuval Ramot
The Fischer 344 (F344) rat was used by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) for over 5 decades for toxicity and carcinogenicity studies. However, in 2006, the NTP decided to switch to a different rat stock due largely to high background control incidences of Leydig cell tumors (LCTs) and mononuclear cell leukemia (MNCL), also known as large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia. In the current review, we aim (1) to provide a summary of NTP bioassays with treatment-associated effects involving MNCL and LCTs in addition to male F344-specific tunica vaginalis mesothelioma (TVM); (2) to describe important pathobiological differences between these F344 rat tumor responses and similar target tissue-tumor response in humans; and (3) to present the NTP reasons for switching away from the F344 rat...
September 2016: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267904/involvement-of-oxidative-stress-in-tri-ortho-cresyl-phosphate-induced-autophagy-of-mouse-leydig-tm3-cells-in-vitro
#20
Xiaomei Liu, Linlin Xu, Jingcao Shen, Jinglei Wang, Wenli Ruan, Mei Yu, Jiaxiang Chen
BACKGROUND: As a plasticizer, plastic softener, and flame-retardant, tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) is and has been widely used in industry and reported to have a toxic effect on the male reproductive system in animals besides neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity. We have reported that TOCP inhibits spermatogenesis and induces autophagy of rat spermatogonial stem cells, but it is still unknown whether TOCP induces autophagy of mouse Leydig cells and its potential mechanism. METHODS: Cell viability was observed by MTT assay...
June 7, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
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