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E Páleníčková, M Cahová, Z Drahota, L Kazdová, M Kalous
Metformin is widely used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, however, mechanisms of its antihyperglycemic effect were not yet fully elucidated. Complex I of mitochondrial respiration chain is considered as one of the possible targets of metformin action. In this paper, we present data indicating that the inhibitory effect of metformin can be tested also in liver homogenate. Contrary to previous findings on hepatocytes or mitochondria under our experimental conditions, lower metformin concentrations and shorter time of preincubation give significant inhibitory effects...
2011: Physiological Research
A Benaiges, R Armengol, B Mateu, M L Sagristá, M Mora
The present work studies the ability of a germinated seeds extract (alfalfa, radish, wheat, soy) to influence cell respiration of skin fibroblasts and the respiratory activity of sheep liver isolated mitochondria, and the cytotoxicity of the product on cultured skin fibroblasts. The content of free and total amino acids present in this extract was determined. Aspartic acid represented 37.52% of free amino acids in the extract, but 48.07% glutamic acid was found when total amino acids obtained by acid hydrolysis were quantified...
August 2001: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
V V Semchenko, N N Bogolepov, S S Stepanov, S V Maksimishin, A S Khizhniak
In an experiment conducted using mature albino rats, the regularities of reorganization of synaptic architectonics of cortical layer I of the brain were studied in the areas of diffuse-focal injuries. The models of acute break of systemic circulation (clinical death) as a result of 6-minute-long mechanical asphyxia, compression of common carotid arteries for 20 min (ischemia) and rotatory sublethal injury according to Noble-Collip method (cranial trauma), were used. Using the methods of electron microscopy and morphometric analysis, it was shown that a reduction in a general numerical density of synapses was accompanied by the changes in relative and absolute numbers of major variants of synaptic organization...
2005: Morfologi︠a︡
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1962: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology
T Yoshinaga-Hirabayashi, Y Yoneda
In this study, the relation of P450scc expression and mitochondrial ultrastructure was examined in rat granulosa cells at the time of ovulation, and in the NIH/3T3 cells. Before ovulation in the ovary, granulosa cells of Graafian follicle which expressed only mRNA of P450scc had elongated mitochonria with lamellar cristae. After ovulation, granulosa lutein cells which expressed both P450scc mRNA and protein had oval and round mitochondria with tubular or vesicular cristae. Two different cytochrome P450scc cDNA fragments in length were subcloned into pEGFPN vector, transfected into NIH/3T3 cells, and the mitochondrial structure was examined under fluorescent microscope with GFP and by electron microscopy...
2001: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
A Hiwatashi, Y Ichikawa, N Maruya, T Yamano, K Aki
A crystalline NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase was obtained from bovine adrenocortical mitochondria and its properties were investigated. Its molecular weights and isoelectric point were estimated to be 51 000 and 5.4, respectively. Amino acid and sugar contents and the interaction between the apo-reductase and flavin of NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase were investigated. Formation of a complex of bovine NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase with adrenodoxin, its apoadrenodoxin, or other non-heme iron proteins caused quenching of fluorescence of the tryptophanyl residue and bound FAD of the NADPH-adrenodoxin reductase...
July 13, 1976: Biochemistry
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