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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077499/dynamic-gnrh-and-hcg-testing-establishment-of-new-diagnostic-reference-levels
#1
A Kirstine Bang, Loa Nordkap, Kristian Almstrup, Lærke Priskorn, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Anna-Maria Andersson, Anders Juul, Niels Joergensen
: 1. OBJECTIVE: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation-tests may be used to evaluate the pituitary and testicular capacity. Our aim was to evaluate changes in follicular-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and Testosterone after GnRH and hCG stimulation in healthy men, and assess the impact of six single nucleotide polymorphisms on the responses. 2. DESIGN: GnRH- and hCG-stimulation tests were performed on 77 healthy men, 18-40 years (reference group) at a specialized andrology referral center...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073207/intraoperative-ultrasound-guided-enucleation-of-testicular-nodule
#2
Riccardo Boschian, Giovanni Liguori, Stefano Bucci, Michele Bertolotto, Carlo Trombetta
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of enucleation of a non-palpable right testicular lesion found incidentally at testicular ultrasonography during investigations in a patient with azoospermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2011 bilateral hypoechoic nonpalpable testicular lesions (5 mm and 3 mm to the right, 3 mm to the left) were found in a 28 years old patient, during diagnostic investigations for azoospermia. In March 2016, ultrasonography showed that the diameter of the right major nodule had grown to 12 mm, characterized by increased vascularization and increased texture...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070708/delayed-treatment-of-undescended-testes-may-promote-hypogonadism-and-infertility
#3
Julia Rohayem, Alessandra Luberto, Eberhard Nieschlag, Michael Zitzmann, Sabine Kliesch
CONTEXT: Undescended testes at birth may be caused by testosterone deficiency during fetal development. It is unclear whether the process of failed descent contributes to permanent endocrine impairment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of age at treatment of undescended testes on endocrine and spermatogenic testicular function in middle-aged men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Reproductive hormone and semen data of 357 men with previously undescended testes were evaluated with respect to age at correction of testicular position and compared to those of 709 controls with eutopic testes at birth and normozoospermia...
January 9, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067604/central-hypogonadism-due-to-a-giant-silent-fsh-secreting-atypical-pituitary-adenoma-effects-of-adenoma-dissection-and-short-term-leydig-cell-stimulation-by-luteinizing-hormone-lh-and-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-hcg
#4
Daniele Santi, Giorgia Spaggiari, Livio Casarini, Flaminia Fanelli, Marco Mezzullo, Uberto Pagotto, Antonio R M Granata, Cesare Carani, Manuela Simoni
We present a case report of an atypical giant pituitary adenoma secreting follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). A 55-year-old patient presented for erectile dysfunction, loss of libido and fatigue. The biochemical evaluation showed very high FSH serum levels in the presence of central hypogonadism. Neither testicular enlargement nor increased sperm count was observed, thus a secretion of FSH with reduced biological activity was supposed. The histological examination after neuro-surgery showed an atypical pituitary adenoma with FSH-positive cells...
January 9, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056997/human-lh-and-hcg-stimulate-differently-the-early-signalling-pathways-but-result-in-equal-testosterone-synthesis-in-mouse-leydig-cells-in-vitro
#5
Laura Riccetti, Francesco De Pascali, Lisa Gilioli, Francesco Potì, Lavinia Beatrice Giva, Marco Marino, Simonetta Tagliavini, Tommaso Trenti, Flaminia Fanelli, Marco Mezzullo, Uberto Pagotto, Manuela Simoni, Livio Casarini
BACKGROUND: Human luteinizing hormone (LH) and chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are glycoprotein hormones regulating development and reproductive functions by acting on the same receptor (LHCGR). We compared the LH and hCG activity in gonadal cells from male mouse in vitro, i.e. primary Leydig cells, which is a common tool used for gonadotropin bioassay. Murine Leydig cells are naturally expressing the murine LH receptor (mLhr), which binds human LH/hCG. METHODS: Cultured Leydig cells were treated by increasing doses of recombinant LH and hCG, and cell signaling, gene expression and steroid synthesis were evaluated...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045098/effects-of-elevated-%C3%AE-estradiol-levels-on-the-functional-morphology-of-the-testis-new-insights
#6
Myles Leavy, Matthias Trottmann, Bernhard Liedl, Sven Reese, Christian Stief, Benjamin Freitag, John Baugh, Giulio Spagnoli, Sabine Kölle
Elevated estradiol levels are correlated with male infertility. Causes of hyperestrogenism include diseases of the adrenal cortex, testis or medications affecting the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. The aim of our study was to elucidate the effects of estradiol treatment on testicular cellular morphology and function, with reference to the treatment regimen received. Testes samples (n = 9) were obtained post-orchiectomy from male-to-female transsexuals within the age range of 26-52 years. Each patient had a minimum of 1-6 years estradiol treatment...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025148/circadian-clock-and-steroidogenic-related-gene-expression-profiles-in-mouse-leydig-cells-following-dexamethasone-stimulation
#7
Huatao Chen, Lei Gao, Yongjie Xiong, Dan Yang, Cuimei Li, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
Previous studies have shown that circadian clock genes are expressed in mammalian testes; however, it remains unclear if the expression patterns of these genes are cyclic. Furthermore, it is unknown whether Leydig cells, the primary androgen secreting cells in the testis, play a role in the rhythmicity of circadian clock and steroidogenic-related gene transcription. Here, we examine the circadian clock of mouse Leydig cells, and the link to steroidogenic-related gene transcription. We confirm, via sampling over a full circadian time (CT) period, a lack of circadian rhythmicity in mouse testes in comparison with the robust gene expression cycling of circadian clock genes in mouse livers...
December 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018460/unusual-malignant-neoplasms-of-ovary-in-children-two-cases-report
#8
Ali Ghribi, Aicha Bouden, Manef Gasmi, Mourad Hamzaoui
Sex cord tumors with annular tubules are known to originate from the sex cord of embryonic gonads that synthesize Sertoli cells, Leydig cells, granulosa cells, and theca cells of the ovarian stroma, while ovarian small cell carcinoma of the hypercalcemic type is a type of neuroendocrine tumor. Both these tumors are uncommon, potentially malignant neoplasms in children. We report the case of a sex cord tumor with annular tubules in an 11-year-old girl and a case of small cell carcinoma of the hypercalcemic type in a 10-year-old girl...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017703/prepubertal-subchronic-exposure-to-soy-milk-and-glyphosate-leads-to-endocrine-disruption
#9
Jessica Nardi, Patricia Bonamigo Moras, Carina Koeppe, Eliane Dallegrave, Mirna Bainy Leal, Luciana Grazziotin Rossato-Grando
Lactose intolerance is characterized by low or inexistent levels of lactase, and the main treatment consists of dietary changes, especially replacing dairy milk by soy milk. Soy contains phytoestrogens, substances with known estrogenic activity, besides, glyphosate-based herbicides are extensively used in soy crops, being frequently a residue in soy beans, bringing to a concern regarding the consumption of soy-based products, especially for children in breastfeeding period with lactose intolerance. This study evaluated the pubertal toxicity of a soy milk rich feeding (supplemented or not with glyphosate, doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg) during prepubertal period in male rats...
December 23, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017657/direct-reprogramming-of-mouse-fibroblasts-toward-leydig-like-cells-by-defined-factors
#10
Yan Yang, Ziyi Li, Xupeng Wu, Haolin Chen, Wenting Xu, Qi Xiang, Qihao Zhang, Jie Chen, Ren-Shan Ge, Zhijian Su, Yadong Huang
Leydig cells (LCs) play crucial roles in producing testosterone, and their dysfunction leads to male hypogonadism. LC transplantation is a promising alternative therapy for male hypogonadism. However, the source of LCs limits this strategy for clinical applications. Here, we report our success in reprogramming mice fibroblasts into LCs by expressing three transcriptional factors, Dmrt1, Gata4, and Nr5a1. The induced Leydig-like cells (iLCs) expressed steroidogenic genes, had a global gene expression profile similar to that of adult LCs, and acquired androgen synthesis capabilities...
January 10, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012864/germline-and-somatic-dicer1-mutations-in-familial-and-sporadic-liver-tumors
#11
Stefano Caruso, Julien Calderaro, Eric Letouzé, Jean-Charles Nault, Gabrielle Couchy, Anais Boulais, Alain Luciani, Elie-Serge Zafrani, Paulette Bioulac-Sage, Olivier Seror, Sandrine Imbeaud, Jessica Zucman-Rossi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Growing evidence suggests that genetic predisposition significantly increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), independently from the presence of other risk factors. Here, we report a novel germline DICER1 mutation associated with familial recurrent liver tumors. Next, we aimed to investigate the contribution of constitutional and somatic DICER1 mutations on HCC occurrence. METHODS: We investigated two individuals of a family that developed recurrent well-differentiated hepatocellular tumors over the years...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011299/apoptosis-inducing-factor-gene-depletion-inhibits-zearalenone-induced-cell-death-in-a-goat-leydig-cell-line
#12
Diqi Yang, Tingting Jiang, Pengfei Lin, Huatao Chen, Lei Wang, Nan Wang, Fan Zhao, Keqiong Tang, Dong Zhou, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a contaminant of human food and animal feedstuffs that causes health hazards. However, the signal pathways underlying ZEA toxicity remain elusive. The aims of this study were to determine which pathways are involved in ZEA-induced cell death and investigate the effect of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) on cell death during ZEA treatment in the immortalized goat Leydig cell line hTERT-GLC. This study showed that ZEA-induced cell death in hTERT-GLCs works via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, the caspase-dependent pathway, the caspase-independent pathway and autophagy...
December 20, 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007637/reproductive-toxicity-of-linuron-following-gestational-exposure-in-rats-and-underlying-mechanisms
#13
Hongwei Ding, Wei Zheng, Hua Han, Xiyin Hu, Binli Hu, Feng Wang, Liyu Su, Hong Li, Yan Li
Linuron is a widely used herbicide in agriculture; its endocrine disruptive toxicity has recently received public attention. This study was designed to examine the developmental toxicity of linuron on the reproductive system of male offspring following maternal exposure. Mother rats received oral gavages of linuron, once daily, at the dose of 0, 50, 100, 150 or 200mg/kg, from gestational day (GD)13 to GD18; gonadal organs from GD20 fetuses were examined. Data indicated that exposed male offspring had a significantly shortened anogenital distance...
January 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000947/a-potential-mechanism-associated-with-lead-induced-testicular-toxicity-in-rats
#14
M A El-Magd, K A Kahilo, N E Nasr, T Kamal, M Shukry, A A Saleh
This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism of lead (Pb)-induced testicular toxicity. We examined the impact of Pb toxicity on 17β-oestradiol (E2), oestrogen receptors (ERs) and aromatase P450 which are key factors in spermatogenesis. Treatment of rats with Pb acetate (PbAc, 50 mg/L in drinking water) significantly reduced sperm count, motility, viability and increased sperm abnormalities along with degenerative changes in seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells. Additionally, administration of PbAc resulted in a significant reduction in serum testosterone, serum and testicular E2 as well as increased level of testicular testosterone...
December 21, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995160/dataset-of-trans-resveratrol-on-diabetes-induced-abnormal-spermatogenesis-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-1-parp1-expression-in-intra-testicular-blood-vessels-and-stage-dependent-expression-of-parp1-and-sirtuin-1-in-the-rat-testis
#15
Ala Abdelali, Maie Al-Bader, Narayana Kilarkaje
This article contains data related to the article "Effects of Trans-Resveratrol on hyperglycemia-induced abnormal spermatogenesis, DNA damage and alterations in poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase signaling in rat testis" (A. Abdelali, M. Al-Bader, N. Kilarkaje, 2016) [1]. The data are related to Resveratrol on diabetes-induced changes in blood glucose levels, body weights of rats, sperm count and motility, expression of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) in Leydig cells and in intratesticular blood vessels, and stage-dependent expression of PARP1 and Sirtuin 1 (SirT1) in the rat testis...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990638/calretinin-immunoreactivity-in-the-human-testis-throughout-fetal-life
#16
Giovanna G Altobelli, Francesca Pentimalli, Mariarosaria D'armiento, Susan Van Noorden, Vincenzo Cimini
The main functions of the testis are sex hormone and sperm cell production. Steroidogenesis occurs in the Leydig interstitial cells and spermatogenesis in the seminiferous tubules. Male gonad morphogenesis is a finely orchestrated process, mainly coordinated by hormones, whose actions can significantly affect post-pubertal testicular function. Calcium is a key intracellular messenger, which regulates many signal transduction pathways, and is also implicated in steroidogenesis. Calcium homeostasis and signaling rely on many calcium-binding proteins including calretinin, of the "EF-hand" protein family...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989878/aphrodisiac-and-spermatogenic-potential-of-alkaloidal-fraction-of-hygrophila-spinosa-t-ander-in-rats
#17
Niraj Y Vyas, Manan A Raval
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Seeds of Hygrophila spinosa T. Ander (Acanthaceae) are traditionally used as aphrodisiac and spermatogenic in Indian System of medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: Preliminary phytochemical screening of plant revealed the presence of alkaloids in seeds. As, alkaloidal fractions of several plants showed aphrodisiac and spermatogenic potential, set of experiments were designed to assess alkaloid enriched fraction of seeds of the plant for spermatogenic and aphrodisiac activity using in vitro and in vivo methods...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984162/glycidamide-inhibits-progesterone-production-through-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-apoptosis-in-r2c-rat-leydig-cells
#18
Mingwei Li, Jianxia Sun, Feiyan Zou, Shun Bai, Xinwei Jiang, Rui Jiao, Shiyi Ou, Hui Zhang, Zhijian Su, Yadong Huang, Weibin Bai
The food contaminant acrylamide (AA) is usually recognized as a probable human carcinogen. In addition, AA has also been found able to induce male infertility in animals. Interestingly, resent research work revealed that the toxic effect of AA on the ability of male reproduction in vivo may due to glycidamide (GA) which is the metabolite of AA. In this study, R2C Leydig cells was used to investigate the toxic effects of GA on progesterone production. GA caused dose-dependent inhibition on the cell growth, with IC25, IC50, and IC75 values found at 0...
October 27, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960177/alterations-in-fetal-leydig-cell-gene-expression-during-fetal-and-adult-development
#19
Kanako Miyabayashi, Yuichi Shima, Miki Inoue, Tetsuya Sato, Takashi Baba, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Mikita Suyama, Ken-Ichirou Morohashi
Fetal Leydig cells (FLCs) and adult Leydig cells (ALCs) develop in the mammalian prenatal and postnatal testes, respectively. In mice, FLCs emerge in the interstitial space of the testis as early as embryonic day 12.5 and thereafter increase in number during the fetal stage. We previously established a transgenic mouse line in which FLCs are labeled with EGFP and demonstrated that the EGFP-labeled FLCs were present even in adult testes. However, the characteristics of FLCs during postnatal stages remained unclear...
December 14, 2016: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940757/atypical-leydig-cell-tumor-in-children-report-of-2-cases
#20
Chiara Mameli, Giorgio Selvaggio, Chiara Cerini, Gaetano Bulfamante, Cristina Madia, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
Leydig cell tumors (LCTs) are rare cord-stromal tumors that may occur in testis or ovaries and may produce androgens or estrogens. The majority has been found in men between the ages of 20 and 60 years. Adults with androgen-secreting LCTs are usually asymptomatic; feminizing syndromes may result from the production of estradiol or the peripheral aromatization of testosterone. In children, LCTs usually present between 5 and 10 years of age with isosexual precocious pseudopuberty or gynecomastia. We report 2 cases of LCT in prepubertal boys presenting with advanced unilateral pubarche and testicular volume asymmetry...
November 2016: Pediatrics
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